Samson Occom, journal, 1789 May 11 to 1790 January 10

Author Occom, Samson

Date11 May 1789 to 10 January 1790

ms number789311

abstractOccom details his travels through New York and New England, from May 11, 1789, to January 10, 1790.

handwritingHandwriting is largely clear and legible. There are some crossed l's and uncrossed t's, which the transcriber has corrected.

paperSeveral small sheets folded into a booklet and bound with small pins are in fair-to-poor condition, with significant wear that results in some loss of text. There are a few loose pages and the last page is torn in half.

inkBrown ink varies in intensity throughout.

noteworthyThere are underlinings in black ink throughout and notes by later editors on the back of the last page (16 verso) in black ink and pencil; these edits have not been transcribed. On the scan of 11 recto, text from 12 recto shows through; the actual first line of 11 recto begins "gether. to Meeting…." Several other of the following scans show text from adjacent pages. On 15 recto, the name of the river that Occom mentions is uncertain; however it is possibly the Thames River. Persons and places whose names are illegible have not been tagged. If Occom's intention regarding a word or abbreviation is uncertain, that word or abbreviation has been left unmodified in the modernized transcription.

Persistent Identifier

Monday May 11: 1789

We arrivd at Albany, Juſt before Night, and I we went to See about geting a wagan to Cary us to [illegible]Schenactida, — but got none, Tueſday

Tueſday May 12:

got a wagan early and we Loaded about 10: and we Sot off, and we got to Schenactida[illegible] Juſt before Sun Sit, and we were very wet for had Rain moſt of the way and I was much beat out, and we put our things in Mr John Poſt Barn, and there we lodg[illegible][guess: d] We went to Begd Soon — —

Wedneſday May 13:

about 5: I attended upon a Lecture and there was not ma^n^y People, becauſe they had not Notice— I Spoke from, 1 Corin 7: 22: 30: and the People a[gap: worn_edge][guess: t]
[gap: worn_edge][guess: t]ended becomingly, and they made me a Collection, and it was godd for the Times — —

Thirdsday May 14:

was at the Place all Day — —


was at all Day again — —

Satturday May 16:

a bout 10 we pout a Boar of a Batoe our things, and we went over the River, and walkd up the River a bout 2 miles and there we Stopt Some at a Certain Houſe, and the man of the Houſe gave us a Dinner and about 1: the Boat Cam up, and Sot off Some Time in the after Noon, and we got to Hi[illegible][guess: c]ry Tavern, and the[gap: tear][guess: re] we Lodgd,—

Sabb May 17:

Sot of early and we got to Warrans
Buſh , at Night and my wife and I Lodgd at Mr Bartlets, my good old Friends —

Monday May 18:

wen on again early, and reachd to Kaconawa[illegible][guess: u]^ka^ and my wife I Lodgd at Mr Vaders, — —

Tueſeday May 19:

Sot off again early, and we were over with Rain at Major Fonda's and my wife I went into the Houſe, and we were kindly Treated had Dinner, and we we a little further and there Lodgd at Mr Hardys —

Wedneſday May 20:

got up early and got us Breakfaſt and then we puſ[illegible]hd on and we got up above fort Plain and we Made up a fire by the Sigde of the River and there we Spent the Night —

Thirdsday May 21

got up early and got Breakfaſt
and as Soon as we had ate we went on again, and in the we got to Conajohare and we Lodgd a little above ^old Mohaw^k^^ Caſtle, and we made up a fire near the River, near by one Mr John Vantreſer, — —

Fryday May 22:

Soon after eating we went on again and in the Evening we got a little below Fort Harkamer and we made up a Fire again by the River, and there we Slep — —

Saturday May 23

in the morning we went on again we made a Halt at Mr Fran^ks^ and after that we paſt on here a white woman took our Little Salley, and mad wa[illegible]lk about 8 miles She only four and half year old She was much worried
in the Evening we got Mr Tygurts, and the we Lodgd my wife and I in a Hovel the Reſt Lodgd in the Boat —

Sabb May 24:

got up early and I went over the River and went to Fort De[illegible][guess: a]ton and there I preachd, Twice to a large number of People, and I Spoke from Jonah III: 5 and 1 Corin XVI. 22 and the People attended with all gravity and Solemnity,— took my Dinner at Mr Tolcuts — and as Soon as the meeting was done I went with Dr Petre and there took Tea — and as Soon as we had done I had an Horſe got up for me and a young man with another Horſe to accompany wme towards Fort Schiler and we Soon Sot off, and we
got about 4 miles Short of the Fort, and there I got down and the Young man went back with Horſes, and I walked along about a mile, and found Tired, and I went into a Certain Houſe, and aſked whether I Coud not Stay there, and they Said I might, and so I Stayd— and the man of the Houſe aſkd me wether I Cou'd not give them a Diſcourſe, I told them I Coud, and So they Sent out word, & Neighbours Came in directly and there was a Conſiderable Number of People Collected. and it is a New Settement,— and I Spoke from the words he that believeth on the Son of god, hath the witneſs in himſelf — and the People attended with Solemnity — Soon after Meeting I went to bed, and reſted well. — —

Monday may 25:

got up early and Sot off, and I got to weavers Town Soon, and went in old Mr Weaver's Houſe, and there took Breakfaſt, and Soon after went on a gain & got to my Family. about 10 ^at Fort Schioler^ and found them all well, and there we Stayd all Day and the Boat that brought us went on to Niegara. – —

Tueſday May 26:

was aga^in^ at the Place all Day — towards Night, our Anthony Paul Came and Brother David Fowler Came to us, and Stayd all Nig with us — — —

Wedneſday May 27:

Soon after Breakfaſt, we Sot off for B[illegible]rotherton,. and we had Rain to travil in, and to our Place a little before Sun Sit, and were very much w[illegible][guess: a]rried, and we went to Bed Soon. — —

Sabb May 31:

Preachd at Brother Town [illegible] to not a large Congregation, Spoke from, [gap: omitted] and the People were attentive, and were glad to See me once more. — —

Monday June 1 &c:

this week went to warrins Buſh, — —

Sabb June 7:

Preachd at Elder Mudges meeting Houſe in Yankey hill, Spoke from [gap: omitted] and there was a vaſt Number of People, and attended with great attention, a


Towards Night Prea^hd^ at M

Tueſday June 9.

went to Albany Buſh, and there I preachd at a Certain Houſe. and there was not many People, and they attended with Seriousneſs — —

Wedneſday June 10,

was at Phaladelphia Buſh, Came here laſt Night, and Lodgd at one Mr Sharmans,— and about 9 the People Collected together at the Same Houſe, and I preachd to them, Spoke from [gap: omitted] and the People attended well as Soon as the meeting was over, I with one Mr [gap: omitted] and I Dined there, and as soon I had ate, I went on to John Town, and So on — — —

Fryday June 112.

got to Fort‑Plain before Noon, put up
at Mr Jonathan Deans, one of my good old Friends, found them all well; — — Towards Night the People Collected, and there was but few, — and I Spoke from [gap: omitted] [gap: omitted] Lodgd at at the Same Houſe

Saturday June 13

Some Time before Noon, Sot off again, and got to Garman Flats Some Time before, ^N^ and I put at Esqr Franks,—

Sabb: June 14

after Breakfaſt went over to Fort Dayton and there preachd in a Dutch meeting Houſe, and there was a large Number of People, and I Spoke from [gap: omitted] Isa. V:

July 1 Sab

Preachd at the garman flats

Auguſt 1 Sab Sepr 1. ^S^ and Sepr the laſt Sab.

the Texts I Spoke from [gap: omitted]
by one man Sin entered into the World &c Jeſus Chriſt the Same &c. Underſtandeſt thou what thou readeſt — at Esqr Franks on week Day, thy hear^t^ is not right in the Sight of god So then every one of us Shall give an account of himſelf to god. —
Blank page.

Sepr 1

was Call by the Major Coldbreath to be with them in their Training at Clinton; about 2 in the after noon they were all Collected, and the major Came to Capt Tuttles where I was and he acompanied me to the Company, and a fine appearence they made for the firſt Time there was upwards of a Hundr^ed^ likely young men, the Place has been Settling only one ^2^ Year and an half,— I gave them a few words of Exhortation, and then Prayd, and then they exerciſd a little while,— and then went to Dinner, they put me at the head of the Table, and a fine Dinner we had,— in the evening I went to Capt Bullings and there Ld and was kindly entertaind.—

Sepr 2:

I went home —

Sepr 18: 1789 Fryday

left home and Sot out for New England, my Son Andrew acompanied, we got to Fort Sckiler before Night, and we Stayd there all Night —

Sepr 19

we got up very early and Sot off, and we got to Fort Dayton near 12, Calld on Mr Talcutt, and took Dinner, and Soon after eating, my Boy went back,— And towards Night I went overt to Esqr Franks, and there Lodgd, — —

Sabb Sepr 20:

Preachd at Esqr Franks Barn, and there was a vaſt Number of People, Lodgd at the Esqrs — —

Monday Sepr 21:

Some Time in the morning, I went to Mr Kains and was there a while, and then went back to Fort Harkumer, took Dinner with Mr [gap: omitted]

^Tueſday 22^

Toward Night, Esqr Phelps Battoo Come a long, and I got a B[illegible]th in it, and I went a Board, and we went down and got to the little Falls after Sun Set and there we Lodgd, — —

Wedneſday Sepr 23:

got up very early, and had things Caried below the Falls, and So we went on down the River, and we go to Cohneneauka and we Lodgd at a Tavern, we found the River exceeding low and very difficult in Some Places to get along, the men were obligd to get out of the Boat very often —

Thirdsday Sepr 24 Octr 1

Sot off very Early again, and got to Schenatada a little before Night. and I Lodgd at Mr Poſts -– — —

Fryday SeprOctr 2

got up early, and went to a Certain Houſe where I expected to have a Chance in a Wagon, but was diſapointe^d^ and So I went on a foot, and Some
in the after Noon a Friend over took me, and he took ^me^ in his wagon and we got to Albany Juſt after Sun Sit, and I Lodgd at Mr Orrs and I went to Bed Soon — — —

Saturday Octr 3.

Some Time before Noon Sot off a foot again went to Coegman Pattern, and I met Dr Utter, and his Brother and they Said they woud be back Soon, and woud take Me in their wagon, and Juſt before Sun Set they over took and I went with them, and we Calld at Dr Utters a little while and Mr Jeſee Utter Caried to his Houſe, and it was near mid N before we got there, and there I Lodged, — — —

Sabb 4:

as Soon as we got our Breakfaſt, we went into a wagan and to meeting at
Dor Utters about 4 miles. & there I Preachd. Spoke from Acts VIII. 21. and the People attended well,— In the after Noon, we went to Mr Conrod Tenikes Barn, and ^there^ we had a meeting, and there was a large Number of People, and I Spoke from Jonah III: 5: and the People attended with great Attention, and it was a Rainey Day,— in the evening Preachd in Mr Corod Tenikes Houſe, and there was a Conſiderable of People, and I Spoke from Matt I: 21: and the People behaved well — Lodgd at the Houſe the^[below]y^ are Ducth People, and they were very kind to me, and reſt well — —

Monday Octr 5:

Some Time be‐fore Noon, I had an Horſe broug^ht^ me and I went to Mr Northops and found them very Religious about 2. we began the meeting
and there was a great Number of People,— Lodgd at the Same Houſe. —

TuſedTuſeday M Octr 6

As Soon as I had done eating, we went[illegible] to Dr Stantons, — and we began the meeting about 11: and there was a great Number of People and I Spoke [illegible]from [gap: omitted] in the aftrNoon preachd again — and Spoke from [gap: omitted] in the Evening I went to M.r Stantons and did not expect to have any People, but there was a number, Came together & we a little meeting, — and I Lodgd at the Same Houſe and reſt well — — —

Wedneſday Octr 7:

Soon af^r^ Beakfast we went to M.r Tenik about 2 we began the mee
the meeting, and there was a great Number of People and I Spoke from Marck V: 4 and the People attended well — Lodgd at Mr Tenikes — — — after meeting I we to mr John Colvins' and there we had a nothere meeting, unexp^tedly^ and there was a large number of People and I Spoke to them Matt Seek ye firſt &c: and the People were much movd, it was a Comfortable meeting, I Lodgd at the Same Houſe, — —

Thirdsday Octr8:

oin the morn I went to See a woman that had been Sick Some Time. and Said few word to her and Prayd with her, — and then went back, and took breakfaſt, and Soon after Mr Colvin went with me to the River, [gap: worn_edge][guess: and]
1 Corin 6: 19 — we parted the River, and I over to S[illegible][guess: c]odock, and from there went to Mr Lotts about 7 miles and I walkd a bout 2 ^m^ and half and then Mr Brown overtook me, and he Caried me to Mr Lotts, got there near Sun Set and we were very glad to See each other once more,— Lodgd at the Same Houſe — — —

Fryday ^9^

Some Time in the morning I went to Mr Daniel Muckmullins, and to Mr Ephra Bailys, towards Night went back to Mr Lotts, and there we had a meeting in the evening and there a large Number of People I Spoke from [gap: tear] Gal. IV 11
gether to Meeting, and I Spoke from Job I: 9 and the People attended with great affection I Lodgd at the Same Houſe —

Tueſday Octr 13:

Mr Whilly Came to Mr Lotts quite early to acompany me down to Scodock Landing, got there Soon, and Capt Allyn was not ready, & Mr Whilly went back, —

Wedneſday, ^Octr 14:^

was at the Schoonner all, Day —

Thirdsday Octr 15:

Some Time in the after Noon we weighd Ancker, and Spred Sail to the Wind, and went the River got but about 10: 11: and there we Dropt Anker

Fryday Octr 16

found the wind a Head of us and
So we lay Still till a bout 2 in the after Noon and the wind Sprang about weſt Northweſt and went down again —

Saturday Octr 17

Some Time in the Day went on again but did not go but little ways —

Sabb: Octr 18:

went on again but did not go far — —

Monday Octr 19.

got but a little ways again —

Tueſday Octr 20

went on again not far.

Wedneſday Octr 21.

went on Still got near New York — —

Thirdsday Octr 22

a little after Sun riſe we were a Shore — went directly to find a Paſage to New London and found one Soon, in a Sloop goin to N London Towards Night I put [gap: worn_edge]
my things. and Lodged a Board Capt Fellows is Maſter of her —

Fryday, ^23^

Some Time before Noon we Sot Sail, and went on the Wind in our Favour and we Saild all Night,—

Saturday Octr 24.

we went the wind in our favour Conſiderable. towards Night the wind began to Blow hard, and the Clouds gatherd thick and So we Sought for a Harbor, and Some Time before Sun Sit we made a Harber, againſt Brandford, and there Lay all Night, and it was a Stormy Night. —

Sabb. Octr 25

Some Time in the Morning we Sot Sail, the wind was right a Head as we were geting out of the Har [gap: worn_edge]
but it was very fair when we got out, and ^the^ Sun was about an Hour and half high at Night when we got faſt ^at a^ warf and I went to See Some Friends — Lodgd at Mr Perrys a public Houſe,— and I Sot up late with two women, Converſing about Religious matters about 11. I went to Bed, and I was taken Strangely in the Night with an uncommon Swe^at^ but after a while went to Sleep but did not Sleep well — —

Monday Octr 26:

Got up early and it was a Stormy Day it Raind very hard, and wind blew hard alſo — towards Night I wen^t^ over to Groton, Calld on Capt Lathem a few minutes, and then went to Mr Streets, and there I took food, and they let me have a Horſe and went to Mr Woodman
cys and there I Lodgd, and was very kindly entertaind, went to Bed Some what late, and Soon after I got to Bed, I began to Swea^t^ again very much and was un comfortable Slept but poorly —

Tuſday Octr 27.

got up early and after Breakfaſt, I had a Horſe, of Mr Woodmancy and I went to Mr Saunderss and I met Mr Saunders, and Mr Woodworth and they glad to See me, and so I paſt on, and when I got to the Houſe, how glad they were, and there I Stayd all Day — I expected my Mare, that I Left with Mr Culver but She was rid a way laſt Sabb: and was not returnd, and and So I Stayd all ^Day^ and all Night —

Wedneſday 28:

after Breakfaſt took leave of the Family, and
went to old Mr Culvers, and by the way I met mr Culver bringg my Mare to me, and So got up and went on my way, and Soon got to Gails Ferry, and the wind was very hard, and Coud not get over, and So Stayd all Day at evening the Wind was Still very Strong and fl[illegible][guess: a]wee and So Conclu^ded^ to Stay all Night, and in the evening the People of the Family aſkd me, whether it woud be agrea^ble^ to me to have a few Neighbours Come together, that I might Pray with them, I told them it was quite agreable,—

Thirdsday Octr 29

got up early, and took Brea^k^faſt and then went over — and got to Son Benonis Some Time before noon, and found him Sick & had been very Sick for about 6: weeks, and was now
a little Better,— and I went on to my Old Houſe, and them that live in my Houſe were well, except the woman and there I Stayd — and I was poorly with the uncommon Cold that is every where —

Sabb Novr 1:

was very warm and I felt a little eaſy, and I went S aſhpos expecting, to Seen meeting, but he had none and So went back — —

SabbOctrurday ^Novr 7^

was much poorly yet I went to groton Indian T got there after Sun Set, and was receivd with great Love in the evening we had a little meeting — — —

Sabb: Octr ^Novr 8^

the People got together about 10, and a great number there was, and I Spo^k^ from Mat I. 21: and Acts VIII. 21 and the People attended with great attention and many was [gap: worn_edge][guess: greatly aff]ected — in the eveng
went to Mr Stantons, and there ^had^ another meeting, and a great many People there was — I Spoke from Gala IV. 11 and the People were very Serious — I Lodgd at the Same Houſe — —

Sabb 15.

went to Mr Whalley and preachd to a great Number, of People I Spoke from Gal IV. 11 and the People gave very great attention,— as Soon as the meetg was over I went to widow Fitches, and there was Conſiderable Number of People, and they attended well, and as Soon as the meeting was done, I went home to my old Houſe — —

Sabb Novr 22

went to go over to [illegible][guess: Paweuttuunuck], but it was very Stormy, and Stopt — about 10 the Storm abated Some and I Sot off got there about 12 and we the Service about 3 and there was a [gap: worn_edge] [gap: worn_edge][guess: People]
and I Spoke from Jerem VIII. 6 and the People attended with great Solemnity — and the People deſired to have another meet in the evening; and So we had another, and there was more People in the evening than in the Day Time, and Spoke from I: Corin VII: 29. 30. and there was greater attention. than in the Day Time — I Lodgd at the Houſe the Mans Name was Mr Herkules and was kindly Treated. — —

Monday Novr 23

after Brea[gap: worn_edge] I went to the River on Horſe Bac^k^ and the Wind blew very hard. but I had a fine Chance, in a Whale Boat, to get over the River got home about 10: and directly went to the People, that were Surveying our Land. — —

Thirdsday Novr 26.

was to go over to Mr Babcocks at groton but it was a very bad Storm

Saturday Novr 298:

towards Night, I went to M[illegible]r Poſts at Wecus Hill, in Norwich, got there after Sun Set, Calld at Mr John Poſts [illegible]and took Supper there, and after that went to old Mr Poſts, and found, him very poorly, and there I Lodgd, and he had Several fits in the Night —

Sabb: Novr 29.

The People began to get to[illegible]gether a bout 10: and there was a large Concourſe of People we began the Exerciſe about 11. and Spoke from Isai I: 12: and the People attended with great Solemnity, and many were affected, to Tears — Soon after meet^g^ after Dinner, I returnd home and had a meeting at my
own Houſe and there was a great many People, and I Sopke from II Timo. 3: —

Janr 10

I have been to no meetings four Sabbaths, we had one very bad Stormy Sabb and my Mind has been filld with Trouble So that I have had no peace, but Sorrow, grief and Confuſion of Heart — and I am yet in great Trouble, — —
Non-contemporary text has not been transcribed.