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Press translations [Japan]. Social Series 0231, 1946-02-06.
Supreme Commander for The Allied Powers. Allied Translator and Interpreter Section.

translation-number: social-1155

call-number: DS801 .S84



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GENERAL HEADQUARTERS
SUPREME COMMANDER FOR THE ALLIED TRANSLATION
ALLIED TRANSLATOR AND INTERPRETER SECION
PRESS TRANSLATIONS
No 1155 Date: 6 Feb 46

SOCIAL SERIES: 231

ITEM 1 War Sufferers' Rehabilitation Board, New Scheme with Regard to Houses - Jiji Shimno - 4 Feb 46. Translator: S. Sakata.
Full Transition:
The bar Sufferers' Rehabilitation Board is reported to be negotiating with the ministries concerned over the matter of changing their definite plan of making 300,000 simple structure houses for the war sufferers, which has been unsuccessful, into a new plan for constructing 500,000 normal houses to be let during the next fiscal year. Regarding the report, Mr. KOBAYASHI, president of the same board, clarified the following points of the new plan:
The main aim is the construction of normal houses to rent in the five big cities in order to tide over the housing shortage. However, under the circumstances of the ceiling prices, the following method should be taken up so as to prevent high cost of the new houses:
Every city should establish a "War Sufferers' Rehabilitation Society," which has lessors' union made in every ken as its sub-organization.
The society asks benevolent persons in the districts for contributions, which are expended for the construction of the new houses to let by the lessors' unions.
If the circumstances in a city are such, the Government should agree on a lottery for rehabilitaion due to war calamity and it will be issued by a society as a unite The income of the lottery is utilized for building the new houses.
The above-mentioned contributions should be exempted from income tax, business profit tax, and the like.
The new normal houses to be built and let by the lessors' unions should be exempted from the projected property tax.
The above mentioned so city and union should be given priority with regard to the Imperial and the Government forests being sold by the authorities.

ITEM 2 Meetings of youths to Discuss politics to Be Held All over the Country - Asahi Shimbun - 5 Feb 46. Translator S. Sakata.
Full Transition:
In view of the coming general election, the Ministry of Education urged that the "Youths' Public Opinion Meetings" (SEINEN KORON KAI) with its aims of giving the right of free political dispute to youths to give them an interest in the election, should be held throughout the country.

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SOCIAL SERIES:231 (Continued)
ITEM 2 (Continued)
The meeting will be a special style one, such as that prevailing in the rural areas with the name of "the meeting of the citizen", and it is expected to remain forever as an organization, even after the general election, to be active in constructing a new JAPAN.
Every meeting is to be held at a suitable time and place on some concrete questions with about 50 attendants, who are expected to dispute fairly on various events. The Suggested subjects for discussion for example are as follows.
"Do you elect a candidate on his political views or personality?"
"Is the election, the right or the duty of the people?"
"What is a concrete plan for carrying out the ideal election?"
"What should the youths do to make up an ideal country?"
"What duty have the youths for constructing the new JAPAN?"
ITEM 3 Will the Exhibition of Japanese Fine Arts be Held as Arranged or Not? Asahi Shimbun - 5 Feb 46. Translator: S. Sakata.
Extracts:
On the question as to whether the first Exhibition of Japanese Fine Arts should be held as arranged or not, YAMAZAKI, Educational Vice-minister commented as follows on 4 February:
"The exhibiton has been decided to be held beginning 1 March according to the program. In answer to the views of the fine arts circles who were desirous of having the exhibition at the earliest opportunity after the surrender, it was determined that the exhibition should by all means be held during this fiscal year in order to create the desire of reconstructing culture in spite of the supposed difficulty of transportation and materials for the fine arts. Under the present circumstances, we cannot, of course, expect a great deal of the exhibition. However, even if the work be small and its frame be poor, we expect that it should be an animate work answering our desires. We know that the Artists' League of KYOKO asked for the postponement of the closing day of sending the works; however, we want to tide over the all difficulties with all our enthusiasm and co-operation. As for the organization of the Imperial Art Institution and the selection method of works, we intend to democratize them in accordance with the desires of the fine art circles by the end of this year.
ITEM 4 Investigation of Poor Class Food - Yomiuri-Hochi - 5 Feb 46. Translator: S. Shiba.
Summary:
Taking advantage of the grim conditions of the food crisis, many filthy food-houses have appeared on every street. The shops are only booths with marsh-reed screens and no sanitary measures have been taken in cooking the food.
Considering that it should not be overlooked from the standpoint of the public health, the director of the public peace section of the Metropolitan Police Board ordered a general inspection of those shops by the health boards under his jurisdiction. By this inspection, half of the street-venders were blamed for sanitary defects and some of them were forbidden to carry on business. More drastic measures will be taken in the future as a result of bad conditions, according to the authorities concerned.
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SOCIAL SERIES: 231 (Continued)
ITEM 4 (Continued)
According to reports to the public peace section on 4 February, among approximately 2,900 cases, the common points on which most venders were given warning were the use of dirty dishes and filthy dish-towels and water for cooking,
ITEM 5 Distribution of Books Asahi Shimbun - 5 Feb 46. Translator; H. Nishihara.
Summary
Some 330,000 copies of dictionaries will be systematically distributed, mainly among war sufferers and new students. Together with the distribution, the Education Ministry is desirous that public opinion should be clarified concerning what kind of books are desired most by the public, and what system of distribution is considered convenient. It is desired that the public contribute its ideas to the Culture Section of the Social Education Bureau.
To prepare for the distribution of books, the "Association For Aid to working Students" (KINRO -GAKUTO ENGOKAI) has distributed blank forms to 6,000 students of nine universities, including the. TOKYO imperial, the Industrial, the KEIO and the WASEDA, in order to determine the books desired in enlarged editions.
The JAPAN Publishing Association has been preparing a similar investigation.
ITEM 6 Reformation of the 'Official' System and the officials' pay Law - Mainichi Shimbun - 5 Feb 46. Translator; M. Ohno.
Full Translation:
A conference of Government representative officials was held on 31 January to discuss the problem regarding the reformation of the official system and the correction of the Officials' Pay Law (HOKYUREI). As a result, the following resolution was submitted to Premier SHIDEHARA on 4 February.
The laws relative to the Government official system are placed under the Imperial power end the Diet can not touch them. However, this is against the principles of the POSTSDAM Declaration. Consequently, a prompt reformation must be made for this.
In this transition period, the Government should take the following counter-measures.
Correct or abolish the existing Government Officials' Service Regulations (KANRI FUKUMUKI RITSU), the Civil Service Limitation Ordinance (BUNKAN BUNGENREI), the Civil Service Appointment Ordinance (BUNKAN NINYOREI), and the Official Rank Law (KANTOREI).
Handle properly important or necessary personal affairs at the Personal Affairs Committee (JINJI KANRI IINRAI) which is to be set up by each Department. The Committee must be made up of high ranking officials, representatives of the Official Association (SHOKUIN IAI), and, if necessary, representatives of the general public.
The existing Pay Law shall be regulated as follows:
Salaries must assure not only the living of the official himself, but the living of his family; and it must be settled in accordance with social conditions.
Both the bonus and the pension system must be abolished and a social insurance, established.

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SOCIAL SERIES: 231 (Continued)

ITEM 6 (Continued)
The salary must he settled apart from the kind of business in which the official is engaged, and it must be a monthly pay.

d. The salary must consist of the basic salary, business needs, and long service records.
A Standing salary investigation committee must be established in the Cabinet to decide on various items relative to the salaries of the officials.
DISTRIBUTION "X"
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