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Press translations [Japan]. Social Series 0219, 1946-02-03.
Supreme Commander for The Allied Powers. Allied Translator and Interpreter Section.

translation-number: social-1089

call-number: DS801 .S84



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GENERAL HEADQUATERS
SUPREME COMMANDER FOR THE ALLIED POWERS
ALLIED TRANSLTOR AND INTERPRETER SECTION
PRESS TRANSLATIONS
No. 1089 Date: 3 Feb 46.

SOCIAL SERIES: 219

ITEM 1 New Girls' Schools in HIROSHIMA Provincial Paper - Chugoku Shimbun (Hiroshima) - 29 Jan 46. Translator: S. Sakata.
Summary:
The City of HIROSHIMA, which is being converted into a commercial, industrial and educational city from its former militaristic position, is reported to have another new school, the HIROSHIMA Girls' High School, in addition to the existing HIROSHIMA. Girls' Special School and HIROSHIMA Girls' Institute. Consequently, the future higher education for girls in HIROSHIMA is expected to be much more progressive.
The members of the preparatory committee for establishing the new girls' school are NAGATA, Shin, President of the HIROSHIMA Literature and Science University, TAYAMA, Tsunejiro, Chief Director of JISSEN Girls' High School, IMAHORI, Taichi, Master of the same school and KISHITANI, Teijiro, EX president and Director of MOKYO University.
The plan calls for the new school to be established on a seven year system in conformity with the ordinance on higher schools. It will be located on the same site as the JISSEN Girls' High School, of IGUCHI village in the suburbs of HIROSHIMA City.
The new girls's school as planned is said to aim at making students accomplished in the humanities, attaching considerable importance to individuality. It also intends to make them advanced in the scientific knowledge of human life and nature so as to keep them up-to-date on the world's culture.
While the rehabilitation of schools in air-raided cities is delayed, a movement for establishing a new girls' special school in ONOMICHI City seems to be definite. The city authorities have initiated a preparater investigation and plan that, for the time being, the existing ONOMICHI Girls' High School shall have new post-graduate courses of three years in English, national literature, and domestic science.
The new mayor, ISHIWARA, who intends to establish not only the girls' special school but also a boys' middle evening school, has asked YAMAGUCHI, Gendo and other wealthy men from the mayor's home town for their economic support in realizing his plans.
ITEM 2 Crime - Asahi Shimbun - 1 Feb 46. Translator: T. Ogawa.
Summary:
Yesterday at about 1130, a young man about 30 years old with a pale face and dressed in a dark navy blue overcoat staged a daring daylight holdup, threatening a passerby with a pistol on the square in front of TOKYO Station. He chased the victim to within 10 meters of TOKYO Station Police Box. As soon as they heard the cry for help, two policemen, KUJIRAOKA and MIYAHIRA, who were on duty, chased the culprit. With the cooperation of the people, the officers continued

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ITEM 2 (Continued)
to pursue the fleeing criminal in the direction of YURAKU -Cho along the railway embankment. The culprit, however, after climbing up on the railway track, turned on the pursuers and fired two shots at the policemen. One of the bullets grazed the ear of officer KUJIRAOKA. The criminal then turned back again to the TOKYO Station along the railway track, and fled into the subway entrance.
Around 1200, a squad of nine police officers, each armed with a revolver and a bullet-proof jacket, rushed to the scene from the Metropolitan Police Board. At the same time some 30 policemen also arrived as reinforcements from the MARUNOUCHI and KYOBASHI Police, Stations. These policemen were deployed at once at important points. A close search was made for a gout three hours inside more than 47 warehouses and rooms in a cellar occupying an area of more than 3,500 'tsubo' (1 tsubo = 3.31 sq. meters), but it was in vain. At 1530 half of the policemen were withdrawn.
The Chief of the MARUNOUCHI Police Station stated as follows:
It was a great pity that we failed to arrest the culprit. It seems that he must be a man familiar with the complicated passages inside the cellar. I wonder how he could have got away from the reticular subways.
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About 2100 on Wednesday a burglar with a drawn Japanese sword in his hand, broke into the house of MOTOHASHI, Ritaro's, in AKATSUKA-Cho, ITABASHI-Ku. The burglar robbed Ritaro's mother MINE (age 70) of 3 'to' and 5 'sho' of glutinous rice. 5 'sho' of cleaned rice, and 180 yen in cash by threatening the old woman. A about the same time, two burglars each masked with a towel broke into the house of NAGAKAWA, Tensho, an office worker living at amber 565 NUMADOKURO-Cho, NAKANO-Ku. The burglar robbed KAZU (age 41), Tensho's wife, of 100 yen in cash by threatening her.
Around 1800 on 29 January, TOMITA, Tetsutaro, a masseur living at 828 SENDAGAYA 4-chome, SHIBUYA-Ku was threatened by a young highwayman about 22 or 23 years old on the same street at 5-chome. The culprit wounded Tetsutaro in his right hand, just when the victim answered "I have no money with me.
Six men who had stolen war materials which were being kept in custody, were arrested and sent to the Public Prosecutors Office yesterday by the SUGINAMI police authorities. These gangsters are ADACHI, Shin-ichiro (age 25), a foreman of the ADACHI-GUMI Contractors Office (he is also a graduate of WASEDA University); OHTA, Kijuro (age 33) an assistant foreman of the same company; KUMAGAI, Yoshijiro (age 40), a laborer; KAZABUKURO, Seitaro (age 43), a laborer; ISHII, Takeshi (age 42), also a laborer; and HORIGUCHI, Toshio (age 38), a chauffeur, with ADACHI as the ring-leader.
This gang acquired the information that a great deal of war material was hoarded in the TAKAIDO warehouse owned by the Construction Headquarters of the Transportation Ministry at No. 5 TAKAIDO, SUGINAMI-Ku, and its vicinity, and organized as gang, proceeded to steal these goods. At 2300 on 24 January they raided the warehouse with a motor car, and stole 150 rubber tires, l6 blankets, and some rope, amounting in all to 27,000 yen worth of goods.
After completing this theft, they concealed the stolen goods temporarily in a nearby woods. They were discovered, however, and caught in the act of unearthing hidden drums of gasoline in the vicinity of the aforesaid cache by officers of the SUGIMAMI Police station, who were on watch at the place.
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SOCIAL SERIES: 219 (Continued)
ITEM 3 TOKYO Teacher's Union - Complaints and Program - Yomiuri -Hochi. 1 Feb 46. Translator; H. Nishihara.
Summary:
Parallel with the efforts being made by the TOKYO Traffic Union and other organizations the TOKYO Teachers' Union (TOTO KYOIN KUMIAI) has been working for democratization of educational circles and better treatment for teachers. The movement will be launched in TOSHIMA-Ku, SUGINAMI-Ku, and ASABU-Ku, where teachers' unity is strongest.
Why must these unionization measures be carried on to such an extent? The TOKYO Teachers' Union explains that because of the sabotage of the bureaucrats and the lack of food, education will collapse if the present conditions continue to prevail. As the teachers cannot lire on their salaries, they usually charge jobs at the first chance, and many become black market traders. In every school in TOKYO amoral teachers are absent everyday. A certain school allowed teachers to take a holiday twice a week to enable them to purchase goods from farmers or to do odd jobs. Several teachers of the DAISAM Normal School have opened a street stall for boiled vegetables and the teacher take their holiday in turn to purchase the materials for their trade. Many teachers have allowed their wives to open such street stalls. Teachers of the OMORI First National School are selling IMOAME to their friends. Numerous teachers working as coolies for the Occupation Forces are taking days off from school. Thus we find that teachers have lost their will to teach.
Such an attitude on the part of teachers, is naturally having its undesirable effect upon our children. Due to the lack of fuel, school boys have carried desks and chairs to their homes, and in a certain school in YOYOGI, thirty out of forty sixth-year students use Tobacco. A boy at a school in NAGOYA eats 200 yen worth of boiled vegetables at a time; a boy at a school in MUKŌJIMA stole from a factory; after the food service in the schools was discontinued, many lunch boxes were stolen. The Education Ministry has not taken any measures to stop this. In GUMMA-Ken, schools have been closed since 1 February, just after the winter vacation ended, because of the lack of "tube". As the children have no clogs, most of them take a holiday when it rains. But the Education Ministry has done nothing. The former text books on morals history and geography cannot be used, but no new ones have been published.
The war-time leaders remain as before. In KAMAKURA Normal school all staff members remain unchanged. Teachers of military training remain as teachers of athletics. The hours for military training are being used for athletics, but no English courses have been set up. They think that democratization has been completed by merely bowing without a word of command at the morning ceremony. At the same time, school inspectors are trying to hinder teachers union. Democratization seems indeed impossible.
The Union stated that school Commissaries, consisting of the families of the children and members of the union, will take charge of school administrations. The Union further stated that the school commissary will aim to settle first the problem of the food shortage. In the future, it will aim to use text-books selected by the School Commissary and exclude text-books edited by the Education Ministry, thus completing the administration by the Commissaries.
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HomePress translations [Japan]. Social Series 0219, 1946-02-03.
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