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Press translations [Japan]. Social Series 0215, 1946-02-01.
Supreme Commander for The Allied Powers. Allied Translator and Interpreter Section.

translation-number: social-1058

call-number: DS801 .S84



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GENERAL HEADQUARTERS
SUPREME COMMANDER FOR THE ALLIED POWERS
ALLIED TRANSLATOR AND INTERPRETER SECTION
PRESS TRANSLATIONS
NO. 1058 Date: 1 Feb 46

SOCIAL SERIES: 215

ITEM 1 Labor Struggles - Yomiuri Hochi - 30 Jan 46. Translator: T. Ogawa.
Summary:
The Metropolitan Teachers Union which has started an active drive to seek better treatment yesterday held a mass meeting sad submitted its demands before Mr. FUJINUMA, the Metropolitan Governor. These demands comprised a five-fold increase of salaries and the prompt resignation of Governor FUJINUMA of the Metropolis. Governor FUJINUMA promised that their demand will be officially answered on 30 January.
It is learned that the Governor's answer will also be given, simultaneously to the TOKYO Traffic Workers Union, the TOKYO Metropolitan Employees Union, the TOKYO Water Supply Workers Union, the TOKYO Metropolitan Officials Union.
It is expected that an epoch-making joint struggle will be launched by forming united front of the aforesaid unions depending on the answer. This struggle is different from the general strikes which have been seen hitherto. Each union headed by the TOKYO Traffic Workers Union is planning the management of business by the worker's control. The Teachers Union is also planning to establish a School Committee consisting of representatives of parents, school children and teachers, without resorting to a strike, and to carry out the school management by this committee.
The fact that a democratization of education is being planned autonomously is worthy of note as an epoch-making event in the history of education. The Teachers Union decided the policy of the people's control of education by launching a joint struggle.
After adjournment of the mass meeting held at HIBIYA Park on Monday, some 6,000 teachers together with 1,000 men of the TOKYO traffic Workers Union carried out a large scale demonstration with the powerful support of the Conference of the KANTO Labor Union. They visited Governor FUJINAMI at the KYOBASHI ward office to submit the Unions' demands. With their demands totally rejected by the Governor, 300 representatives of the teachers selected be each ward again interviewed the Governor at 1900 on the same day. The interview was ended as the Governor promised to give a concrete answer at 1000 on 30 January.
After reaching an agreement on future measures, the Teachers Union decided to adopt the following policy in order to carry through their demand.
To hold a Parents meeting in each ward, for the purpose of organizing the School Committee, which will control the school management.
To participate in a joint struggle with the TOKYO Traffic Workers Union and other Labor Unions related to the metropolitan Government. Their action will depend on the Governor's answer to be given on 30 January.

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SOCIAL SERIES: 215 (Continued)
ITEM 1 (Continued)
In the course of this negotiation an interesting event occurred. Some 100 policemen were dispatched to the scene of the interview by the Governor's orders. These policemen, however, showed a friendly attitude toward the teachers all the time. The majority of the policemen said "We policemen also have the same demand as you. have". Some of them even aided the teachers so they could see the Governor.
Following the interview with the Governor, the teachers held a meeting of the action committee yesterday at the SHINRYU Primary School at KAMAKURA-Cho, in KANDA-Ku.
At the Committee meeting the following 4 point plan was decided: (1) to organize an action committee in each ward, (2) to establish the Operation Section, the Information and Propaganda Section, (3) to develop a fighting formation in perfect order under the instruction of the Action Headquarters, (4) to organize the School Committee as soon as possible to handle the control of school management. This will include the mapping out of teaching materials, text-books, etc.
ITEM 2 Conversation between Gen Dyke and Ed. Minister. ABE - Asahi Shimbun - 31 Jan 46. Translator: M. Ohno.
Summary:
Education Minister ABE talked with Brigadier General DYKE about fundamental educational Problems on 22 January.
The Minister of Education' I know well JAPAN is [illegible]and the UNITED STATES is the victor. However, I believe the UNITED STATES would not ignore both truth and justice in view of being victor. Consequently, I intend to insist on everything frankly. I want you to understand this.
DYKE: Well, Progress lies in frank negotiations, I think.
The Education Minister: Some officials of our Government have accepted without any preparations certain orders from the General Headquarters which would be impossible to complete. There were many of those causes before, I think. I want to avoid this, and if I think it is impossible to obey a directive of the General Headquarters, I will say frankly and tell why the directive is impossible.
DYKE: Yes. And to bear this out, suppose I issued a directive to force you to do something by a certain date. We will allow you to postpone this date in special cases. Education is a thing of great importance, I think. It will be a serious matter if evil educational methods lead young men on an unjust path which would seriously injure the minds of the young men. I want to know in detail the educational conditions in your country and I want to tell you, in advance, our opinion concerning education in this country as well as to deliberate on the propriety of such an opinion.
Till now, we have had to issue a large number of directives in order to give the Government an outline of our intention. Hereafter, though we might issue some directives, the will be additional ones to supplement the former ones. Our work in the future is to fill up the contents of the directives issued formerly. I want to suppress promptly the improper parts of the present text-books. Concerning this, the understanding between the Headquarters and the Education Ministry is rather good, I think. However, it is not so in the provincial districts. I think the co-operation of learned civilians is necessary for revising the text-books. The adoption of civilians as advisory is desirable.
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SOCIAL SERIES: 215 (Continued)
ITEM 2 (Continued)
The Minister of Education: But, there are very few learned civilians suitable for that purpose now in JAPAN because of the rapid change of the social conditions and of the idleness of the Government, which should have cultivated many men of talent even during the war. Consequently, though I want to adopt as many civilians as possible, I cannot now settle the number, because of the above mentioned circumstances. I want you understand this.
DYKE: I said only that the co-operation of civilians is necessary for the general educational problems. As you know, American educational envoys are to come to this country soon. I want you to form promptly a Japanese commission to work with them.
The Vine-Minister: We have already made a list of the members of that commission, numbering about 23 persons, However, I think the commission must be filled up by the further addition of members, especially public educators.
The Minister of Education: I wish to say a word about Japanese history, Japanese history must be written afresh. However, previously when the communist thoughts entered our country, our history had been written from the standpoint of communism, but it did not portray the real facts. If Japanese history is to be written in the light of democracy only, it will again become unreal. Consequently, the problem of history must be handled with great care. Accordingly, we want to begin to teach, at school our history free from such fabrications and militaristic elements for the present.
Lieutenant Colonel NUGENT: Japanese history must be written not only from the communistic standpoint, or from the democratic point of view. It must be based on historical facts.
DYKE: I think Japanese history must be written by the Japanese themselves, not by Americans. But, as this is a important matter, ample time must be devoted to it. I think that Japanese history has not only been distorted by militarism and nationalism, but that there are other distortions too. Consequently, I am of the opinion that it would be better if the teaching of Japanese history were suspended till the tine when a more is realistic history is written.
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