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Press translations [Japan]. Social Series 0213, 1946-01-31.
Supreme Commander for The Allied Powers. Allied Translator and Interpreter Section.

translation-number: social-1046

call-number: DS801 .S84



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GENERAL HEADQUARTERS
SUPREME COMMANDER FOR THE ALLIED POWERS
ALLIED TRANSLATOR AND INTERPRETER SECTION
PRESS TRANSLATIONS
No. 1046 Date: 31 Jan 46

SOCIAL SERIES: 213

ITEM 1 Students of MIYAZAKI Middle School permitted to go to the Cinema and new with the women students - Provincial Newspaper Fyuga Nichi Nichi Shimbun (Miyazaki) - 25 Jan 46. Translator: Y. Akabane.
Summary:
As a touchstone of the new education in JAPAN, the MIYAZAKI Middle School has given its students freedom of appreciation of moving pictures and association with women, which is probably the first instance of its kind in JAPAN. The opinion of Mr. KITAOKA, Chief of the education Section of the MIYAZAKI Prefectural Office in this connection is as follows:
"Although no previous understanding existed between the school and the Prefectural Office in regard to freedom of appreciation of movies and association with women, the steps taken by the school are jutifiable. The educational principles of a school are now left to the discretion of the principal and there is no necessity for him to obtain previous urderstanding or instructions from the prefectural governor. Hitherto students have been prohibited from going to movie theatres, probably through the autonomous control of secondary school teachers who were anxious to prevent the students from becoming dissolate. There are no special regulations restricting students in this activity.
"The example of the MIYAZAKI Middle School will be followed by other schools and we are prepared to recognize such action. I am of the opinion that students must enhance themselves and cultivate their power of appreciation as social individuals by contact with not only movies, but also literature, drama, music, painting, dances, etc. Movies are both an amusement and art, and must be utilized as a live subject for study, careful guidance by teachers is required in order to prevent the students from becoming prejudiced, which would happen if the latter were left to their own judgment.
"The atmosphere of movie theatres and other busy centers causes us apprehension; their equipment must be improved to the fullest extent to facilitate the reconstruction of a new JAPAN. I hope that movies will be widely used as teaching materials cutside classrooms.
"As regards freedom of association with women, I think it important to establish a new code of morals to prevent students from becoming immoral. Otherwise the potential evils are only too apparent, as these young students as still in their adolescence. Immorality and association are two different things. Association between the sexes has been taking place up to the present in the homes. Students have their respective duties and their pride, so that we cannot say that vice will necessarily result from such associations. It need not be said that the responsibility of teachers and parents be comes heavier than before, but there lies the value of true freedom.
"I have not yet heard what the influence on the home life of the

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SOCIAL SERIES: 213 (Continued)
ITEM 1 (continued)
people of this novel attempt has been, but the ideal education exists not in compulsion but in the establishment of a new moral code involving the joint responsibility of educationists, parents and students. Mr. SHIGA, Taira, principal of the MIYAZAKI Middle School is a very able educationalist, so I believe he is going to realize these ideal educational principles in which he has absolute confidence kin himself."
ITEM 2 Food distribution - Tokyo Shimbun - 30 Jan 46. Translator: T. Ogawa.
Summary:
A plan to adopt a "food delivery inspection system" has been discussed among the representatives of the Foodstuff Supply Corporation, the Fish Control Association, the green Vegetable and. Fruit control Association, the Metropolitan Office, the Metropolitan Police Board and the consumers, in an attempt to alleviate the complaints and disatisfaction of citizens over food distribution. Having reabhed a mutual agreement the parties concerned adopted the following prospectus for carrying out this new system.
According to the prospectus, the system will be applicable in 35 wards of the metropolitan area as well as in MITAKA-Cho and MUSASHINO-Cho. The items upon which control will be enforced are staple foods, greens and fruits, fishes, preserved foods, such condiments as bean mash, soy, sweets, bean curd, meat, sake, cocking oil, milk, etc.
The emphasis of the inspection will be laid on the methods of distribution, weight, quantity, price, quality of goods, the fixtures, sanitary condition and address of shops, etc. Three men will be appointed by each neighborhood Group Association as inspectors, when nominating the inspectors, it is desirable to select unprejudiced persons who are not engaging in commerce. These inspectors will carry a certificate issued by the central conference while carrying out their duties. The system will be enforced in the first part of February, and the inspectors are requested to make a full report to the District Conference with regard to the citizen's opinion or claims on food distribution.
ITEM 3 Election of president of WASEDA Unit. - Asahi Shimbun - 30 Jan 46. Translator: H. Nishihara.
Full Translation:
Following the resignation of Doctor NAKANO, Tomio, former president of WASEDA University, the university authorities decided to elect a new president by a vote among the directors in early February. The Alumni society of the University began to voice its opposition to this decesion, and demanded the resignation of the directors who are responsible for the war and for conducting the administration of the University during the war. It also insisted that the new president should not be secretly elected by the directors, instead, by the vote of all faculty professors.
The students have not indicated their opinion on the matter, but next month when the winter vacation ends, they are expected to follow the steps of the Alumni Society. Thus the movements toward democratization of the University are attracting public attention.
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SOCIAL SERIES: 213 (Continued)
ITEM 4 Lectures to be Given - Asahi shimbun - 30 Jan 46. Translator: H. Nishihara.
Full Translation:
The Alumni Society of the TOKYO Industrial College (TOKYO KOGYO DAIGAKU) will sponsor a public course of "Lectures on Culture" one month, from 1 February to 2 March will be divided into three periods. In the first period, lectures will be given by IMAI, Takeo on "The History of science"; by associate professor HAYAKAWA on "The world from a Materialistic Point of view and Present Science"; and others. The price of admission will be five yen. The cause will be given at the college auditorium situated in OKAYAMA, MEGURO-Ku. The hours will be from 1300 to l600 daily.
ITEM 5 Crime - Asahi Shimbun - 30 Jan 46. Translator: H. Nishihara.
Full Translation:
About 1940 on 28 January, two burglars broke into the house of MAKAMOTO, Asuma, a. draper, of 40 TANASHI, KITATAMA-Gun. They shot and wounded NAKAMOTO, Eiji, son of Azuma. The burglars robbed the family of an overcoat and a suit.
About 2000 on the same day, three buglars, who concealed their faces, broke into the house of YAMACUCHI, Kazuo of 1169, HON-machi, OKUDO, KATSUSHIKA-Ku. They threatened the family with daggers and robbed them of a camera and some cash.
At 2030 the same day, MASAYUKI, aged 32, of 488, OIMATSU-cho, TAKATA, KOISHIKAWA-Ku, and MATSUYAMA, Shinzo, aged 45, of 24, SEKIGUCHIDAI-cho were struck with clubs by four crooks, one of whom was a girl about 20 years old. They were robbed of 4,000 yen and a overcoat.
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HomePress translations [Japan]. Social Series 0213, 1946-01-31.
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