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Press translations [Japan]. Social Series 0212, 1946-01-31.
Supreme Commander for The Allied Powers. Allied Translator and Interpreter Section.

translation-number: social-1042

call-number: DS801 .S84



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GENERAL HEADQUARTERS
SUPREME COMMANDER FOR THE ALLIED POWERS
ALLIED TRANSLATOR AND INTERPRETER SECTION
PRESS TRANSLATIONS
No. 1042 Date: 31 Jan 1946.

SOCIAL SERIES: 212

ITEM 1 Unemployment - Provincial Newspaper - Tokushima Shimbun (Tokushima) 18 Jan 46. Translator: So Inoue.
Summary:
While posters and circulars on the walls of factories or on telephone poles and notice-boards in the Employment Bureau say "Laborers wanted immediately", jobless people numbering up to 5,700 are seeking well paid jobs from the information clerks of the bureau. Of these 5,700, 3,800 are males and the rest females. What is the reason for this phenomenon? The reasons the bureau reveals are that most of them shirk heavy labor and most of the employers who seek their services cannot pay sufficient wages to meet their demands.
According to the bureau, there is a great demand for employees in civil engineering circles, which are doing reconstruction work. The demand for miners is even greater. In short, there may be no fear of unemployment for one who is willing to engage in any kind of physical labor. The bureau is now seeking jobs for the graduates of elementary schools who will be job-hunting before long.
ITEM 2 Cultural Movement in NAGAOKA-Shi Provincial Newspaper - Niigata Nippo (Niigata) - 27 Jan 46. Translator: J. Kinoshita.
Summary:
The NAGAOKA Cultural Association has started a cultural movement in fields of literature, natural science, fine arts, and theatrical art. The first task of the literary department is to hold the conference of readers once a month. A library will be established with books presented by the members. Plans for discussions on present world affairs and for lecture meetings are under consideration. Women's lecture courses on the women's suffrage, the woman in the democratic JAPAN, and the scientific way of living and other topics are to be advanced for the benefit of the female members.
ITEM 3 Teachers Carry out a Demonstration - Asahi Shimbun - 29 Jan 46. Translator: J. Kinoshita.
Summary
Because their demands were rejected about 3,000 teachers of national, secondary, and young men's schools, and representatives of pupils' parents held a mass meeting at HIBIYA Park at 1300 on 28 January. Mr. SHIMAZAKI Manabu, the master of the GYONO National School in YODOBASHI-Ku, presided over the meeting, at which the objections to the resignation of teachers and demands for a five-fold increase in salaries and revival of food supplies for pupils were discussed and requested. Supporting speeches were also made by several representatives of the political parties and labor unions, including MIZUTANI Chozaburo, the well known Social Democrat. After the meeting they held a parade and demonstration and requested an answer from FUJINUMA, the President of-the Metropolitan Office at KYOBASHI-Ku.

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SOCIAL SERIES: 212 (Continued)
ITEM 3 (Continued)
If they do not receive a satisfactory answer, they will petition the Education Ministry, in cooperation with teachers throughout the country.
ITEM 4 Democratization of medical treatment - Jiji Shimuo - 29 Jan 46. Translator: Y. Akabane.
Summary:
A meeting sponsored .by the JAPAN Medical Treatment System Reformation Society (NIPPON IRYO SEIDO KAIKAKU KAI) headed by KUSUYAMA, Eizo, was held on 28 January at HIKO KAIKAN, SHIMAGu, at which several lectures including Mrs. MATSUTANI, of the League for Preventing Death fry Starvations KUSUYAMA, Chief of the Society, NOMIZO, of the Social Democratic Party, and Mrs. YAMAMOTO, M.D, stressed the necessity for an immediate revision of the medical treatment system. Points stressed at the meeting are summarized as follows:
The idea 'medicine is a humane art' has almost disappeared. Everywhere we see vicious physicians accustomed to demanding exhorbitant prices for medicines and sometimes saying that they are unable to go and see patients at their homes unless two go of rice be given to the rickshaw coolie. The poor cannot live if physicians entrusted with the lives of the people are so degenerate as to practice black marketing and minister only to the rich. Deaths resulting from dispensing of improper medicines by physicians having no specific pharmaceutical knowledge are by no means rare.
In order to eradicate these defects in the existing medical system distinction must be made between chemists and physicians who may actually administer the medicines. It is also necessary, in order to realize a democratic medical treatment system, to have real people hospitals directly connected with consumers' societies; and, in addition, to establish medical equipment in each town and village.
ITEM 5 Two More Smallpox Cases in TOKYO - Asahi Shimbun - 29 Jan 46. Translator; J. Kinoshita.
Full Translation:
CHIBA Shinkichi (age 45), resident of the dormitory of the IGARASHI Fishery Company, SHIBAURA-Nichome SHIBA-Ku; fell sick on 23 January, and a medical examination by metropolitan prevention officers on the afternoon of 29 January indicated that he had small pox. He came up from NOMA-Machi, CHITA-Gun, AICHI-Ken on 13 January. Compulsory vaccination is being carried out over the whole area of SHIBAURA. On the same day a nurse in the TOSHIMA Hospital was found to have smallpox.
Since the beginning of this year the number of smallpox cases in the Metropolis has reached nine, one resulting in death. The Metropolitan authorities want all citizens to be vaccinated.
ITEM 6 Sale of Sardines in the open market Nihon Sangyo Keizai - 29 Jan Translator: M.Ohno.
Full Translation:
The Central Fishery Society (CHUO SUISANGYO KAI) sold 10,000 kan of sardines off the ration to the citizens at the low price of 13 yen a kan on the morning of 28 January at the TOKYO Central Market (TOKYO CHUO ICHIBA). The fish were brought to the market by the same system as the oil from CHOSHI. Fish obtained by such a system are to be
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SOCIAL SERIES: 212 (Continued)
ITEM 6 (Continued)
distributed to households through the Fish and Shell Fish Distribution Control society (GYOKAI HAIKYU TOSEI KUMIAI) and are not to be sold to citizens off the ration. These sardines were rejected by the Fish and Shell Fish Distribution Control Society. Consequently, the fish was sold by the Central Fishery Society off the ration.
The Fish and Shell Fish Distribution Control Society stated, "The fish was inferior in quality, and it was not proper for the Central Fishery society to sell them to the citizens". The Central Fishery Society replied, "The sardines were somewhat damaged because of the shortage of packing boxes. They were not inferior in quality. Furthermore, we have been selling dry sardines to the citizens off the ration." The Fish and Shell Fish Distribution Control Society said, "Dry sardines are not perishable. Consequently, they must be handed over to us." m spite of the difficult food conditions the two societies are in opposition to each other.
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