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Press translations [Japan]. Social Series 0148, 1946-01-05.
Supreme Commander for The Allied Powers. Allied Translator and Interpreter Section.

translation-number: social-0632

call-number: DS801 .S84



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GENERAL HEADQUARTERS
SUPREME COMMANDER FOR THE ALLIED POWERS
ALLIED TRANSLATOR AND INTERPRETER SECTION
PRESS TRANSLATIONS
No. 632 Date: 5 Jan 46

SOCIAL SERIES: 148

ITEM 1 Crime in KANAZWA - Hokkoku Mainichi (KANAZAWA) - 19 Dec 45. Translator: T. Ogawa.
Summary:
Crimes commited by youths have been increasing rapidly as the year's end approaches. In this connection, Mr. ANDO, Kenji, who has devotedly worked for many years in the education and protection of youths as District Commissioner of KANAZAWA-Shi, yesterday urged the persons concerned to give serious consideration to the matter, as follows: We cannot attribute the cause of the recent crimes commited by youths to the food shortage alone. It apparently indicates the moral decadence of the people. We district commissioners, have mostly dealt with the congenitally depraved youths. Their style of crime was so simple that it could easily be found out. The recent crimes commited by youths, however, have become a collective action, done in an extremingly systematic manner. That is where the difference lies.
The Commissioner further states that "The family has never been aware of the offense committed by their sons. I believe, because no such atmosphere has been seen at the home of these little culprits. The majority of them have been brought up free from all care. Such environment, however, has changed greatly due to the sudden shift in the social situation after the termination of the war. The parents have begun to talk heedlessly about black-marketeering in the presence of their sons. It is needless to say whet bad effect such topics have on youthful minds."
Referring to the demobilized naval flying cadets, the Commissioner also stated, "Having lost their hope so suddenly, due to the termination of the war, these naive youths didn't know what they should do. Under such social circumstances, no one knows that further crime will appear. In an effort to prevent these youths from committing evil, I hope to restore the boy scouts as soon as possible. The positive guidance of youths through the organization of the boy scouts is an urgent problem, I think, At the same time I want to ask the parents to be more careful and not to speak words which might have a bad influence on their children."
The statistical data show that the crimes committed by youths after the termination of the war in ISHIICAWA-Ken have increased. They reached a grand total of 884 cases involving 640 men up to 20 December. The classified figures are as follows figures show cases) (1) Secondary School Students: theft and fraud-43; immorality-4; secret meeting-8; illegal smoking-50; non-attendance without reporting-15; movie-going-55(including 15 girls); (2) Delinquent youths: theft and fraud-188 male, 13 female; immorality-25 male; secret meeting-6 male, 3 female; illegal smoking-120 male, 8 female; (3) Delinquent youngsters: theft-120 male, 15 female; secret meeting-4 female; illegal smoking-18; non-attendance without reporting-22

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SOCIAL SERIES: 148 (Continued)
ITEM 1 (Continued)
movie-going-18; (4) University students: theft - 7; (5) School children: theft - 90 male, 4 female; illegal smoking - 4; non-attendance without reporting - 44.
Those who have been admonished for misconduct amounted to some 100 cases. This was a 300 per cent increase as compared with the four-month period before the termination of the war. In this connection the HIROSAKA Police Station statistics show that the number of arrested is as follows: five cases in August, one case in September, 16 cases in October, six cases in November, 16 cases in December. These figures show that a sudden increase was seen in October. It is also noticeable that the number of minor offenses has been decreasing, that is, three cases in September, two cases in October, too cases in November, one case in December. As for the classification of offenses, from August to September, they are mostly theft of gree crops; in November it changed to rice thefts. In December there as one case of large-scale theft of a rice distribution office and live other theft cases throughout KANAZAWA-Shi, seven cases of steeling in a grocery, and four cases of pick-pocketing at black markets and on tram-cars. The above figures sho that offenses were transformed to the theft of ready cash. This money, of course, was to be spent to satisfy their appetite.
The TAMAGAWA Police Station statistics are as follows: The number of arrests up to this date since the termination of the war was 43 cases of theft, five cases of fraud; the classification by ages shows that under 14 years of ago there were [illegible]e:14 - 18 years of age - 29; 18 - 20 years of age - ten persons. These figures represent 37 per cent of the total arrests during the same period, showing an increase of figures every month. The change of the offense from theft of gree crops to theft in the waiting rooms of the railway station, and pick-pocketing in the railway train, tram-cars, or at the black market, is also seen here. It is also noticeable that the number of offenses committed by youngsters under 14 years of age has been increasing. In fraud cases without exception, they swindled big sums of money from their acquaintances or friends on the pretext of helping purchase food at black market prices
The recent tendency is for the criminals to spend all the money they have assembled from the sale of stolen goods in eating and drinking at the stall restaurants and ether places.
ITEM 2 HIROSHIMA to punish black market dealers in American Army Coeds - Provincial Newspaper-Chugoku Shimbun (HIROSHIMA - 28 Dec 45. Translator: J. Kinoshita.
Summary:
A warning against purchasing commodities of the Occupation Army has been given by Major Robert KIRK of the 41st Division to the Governor of HIROSHIMA-Ken. He says that most of the Occupation Army's goods in the black market are purchased from the American forces by Koreans and a few Japanese. They buy them at such a high price that the Americans cannot resist selling to them. Existing Japanese laws cannot prevent these transaction, and so, until the enactment of new laws, the prefectural authorities are requested to see to it that suitable measures are taken to prevent these transactions.
Among the offenders so far discovered have been several children who will be severely punished in the juvenile courts and reported to the Occupation Army. To stamp out these offenses, and especially to watch for Korean and Chinese offenders, the Japanese police force will be assisted by the Occupation Army.
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SOCIAL SERIES: 148 (Continued)
ITEM 2 (Continued)
A prefectural act was issued by the HIROSHIMA prefectural authorities on 26 December 1945 to control the purchase or barter of goods belonging to the Occupation Army.
ITEM 3 War-Sufferer Relief Union in TOKUSHIMA-Ken Organized - Provincial Newspaper-Tokushima Shimbun (TOKUSHIMA) - 29 Dec. 45. Translator: K. Minagi.
Summary:
In order to extend sympathy and relief to war suffers in TOKUSHIMA-Shi, TOKUSHIMA people held a meeting on 28 December to establish a War Sufferer Relief Union. A committee of 33 was elected and all the neighborhood association chiefs were nominated by the Committee. The office is to be installed in the TOKUSHIMA City Hall. Another committee meeting is to be held on 7 January to build up the movement on a large scale. Contributions to the Union totaled 39,000 yen.
ITEM 4 Repeated Directive from Education Ministry Regarding the Disposal of Military School Implements - Provincial Newspaper-Tokushima Shimbun (TOKUSHIMA) - 29 Dec 45. Translator: K. Minagi.
Summary:
SBNDAI First Middle School and SHIOGAMA Primary School were both discovered by the Allied Forces in the act of holding fending classes and using imitation rafles for military training. The principal of the school has been punished.
According to an investigation made by the Education Ministry, insufficient information in the directive caused these mistakes.
The Education Ministry issued on 27 December another dispatch to make the abolition of military training thoroughly understood and decided to send officials to give practical guidance and to investigate what steps had so far been taken;
Military training, whether within or outside the school should be abolished.
Military methods, such as lining up boys and saluting and marching in gymnastic classes should be abolished to avoid any misunderstanding.
All school outfits for military training should be completely destroyed.
Japanese jujitsu and fencing classes, whether they be regular classes or supplementary, and conducted by School Associations, are not to be allowed in school.
F[illegible]cing and jujitsu outfits should be disposed of by lending or selling to individuals, and both fencing and Jujitsu rooms should be used as gymnasiums.
ITEM 5 Number of Elementary School Boys Increases in MIYAZAKI-Shi - Provincial Newspaper-Hyuga Nichi Nichi Shimbun (MIYAZAKI) - 30 Dec 45. Translator: H. Nishihara.
Full Translation:
The number of school boys in MIYAZAKI-Shi has been gradually increasing since August of last year, when the number reached a minimum.
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SOCIAL SERIES: 148 (Continued)
ITEM 5 (Continued)
The number amounted to 9,752 on 20 December, approaching the maximum of 12,400 of April 1945.
The most notable point of this increase of school boys is that many boys have come from other prefectures and overseas areas: 22 boys came from KANTO Districts, 96 from KANSAI Districts, 25 from SHIKOKU, 753 from KYUSHU, 77 from other prefectures, totaling more than 1,000.
The number of school boys in MIYAZAKI-Shi was expected to amount to more than 10,000 in March 1946. School buildings to accomodate the boys were damaged during the war, and only one of the schools has been repaired completely. The fathers of the boys are earnestly concerned, but they must be disappointed. The town's office plans to divide the schools into three grades in order of importance, and repair those in the most important grade first. The budget is now being studied.
ITEM 6 Readers Association Formed - Tokyo Shimbun - 4 Jan 46. Translator: J. Kinoshita.
Summary:
A reader's union, the first in JAPAN, has been formed by several well known scholars and literary men, namely, KIKUCMI, Kan; OSARAGI, Jiro; YANAGIDA, Kunio; FUJINURA, Saku; TAKA[illegible]URA, Mitsutaro; KATAYAMA, Tetsu TSUDA, Saukichi; and Dr. KAGAWA, Toyohiko. The union is called the JAPAN Reading Association (NIPPON DOKUSHO-KAI). ARISAKA, Yotaro, has been appointed its president. Anyone can join the union, which publishes books selected by a monthly conference from publications requested by its members. Every member has priority in getting books published by the union. The union's temporary office is located at the JAPAN Complete Classic Works Publishing Society (NPPON KOT[illegible]N Z[illegible]PHN [illegible]AMKO-KAI) at NISHIKAEDA, KA[illegible]DA-Ku. It is expected to start work in early January.
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HomePress translations [Japan]. Social Series 0148, 1946-01-05.
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