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Press translations [Japan]. Social Series 0120, 1945-12-25.
Supreme Commander for The Allied Powers. Allied Translator and Interpreter Section.

translation-number: social-0500

call-number: DS801 .S84



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GENERAL HEADQUARTERS
SUPREME COMMANDER FOR THE ALLIED POWERS
ALLIED TRANSLATOR AND INTERPRETER SECTION
PRESS TRANSLATIONS
No. 500 Date: 25 Dec 45

SOCIAL SERIES: 120

ITEM 1 Crime and Crime Control - Asahi Shimbun - 23 Dec 45. Translator: H. Nishihara.
Full translation:
In spite of the precantionary measures taken by the police, burglaries are committed one after the other in TOKYO. Burglars, organized into groups, have become very brutal.
At 6200, on 22 December, a group of four burglars broke into the house of FUKUSHIMA Hatsugero, aged 38, of 3-chome TOHNOYAMA, NAKANO-Ken. They threatened the family with pistols, sabers, and knives, calling themselves demobilized soldiers. They stole 1,300 yen and some clothes.
At [illegible], on the same day, a group of four men in aviators! uniforms stole two watches and some clothes from MOKUDAI, Yotaro, of 699 KAMIDATE, YOKOYAMA-Mura, HACHTOJI-Shi.
At 2010, en 21 December, NAKAGAWA, Taro, of ten, one-chome, SHIMBASHI SHIBA-Ku and TAKATA, Sanko, aged 26, were threatened with a dagger by two men, aged 22 or 23, who robbed then; of about 6,000 yen, a wrist watch and an overcoat.
At 2020, on the same day, KITAJIMA, Uichiro, aged 31, of five, one-chome, SHINTOMI-Cho, KYOB SHI-Ku, was robbed of 120 yen and an overcoat by three men, apparently demobilized soldiers.
It 2100, en the same day, YANAGIZAWA, Ukichi, aged 43, an engineer of 1963 FUJIMIDAI, MEGURO-Ku, was robbed of some money and a hand bag, by two men, on a road near 1094, eight-chome, KOYAMA.
To meet the increasing number of brutal crimes, the TOKYO Police Office decided to arrest any suspects, after 22 December, who carry pistols, daggers, or clubs. They will be arrested under suspicion, because those weapons are generally used by burglars. The measures are expected to be very strict. All 15,000 policemen, excepting those on duty at police boxes, will be used. All of them will wear civilian clothes while on duty.
ITEM 2 GHO takes serious view on high food prices - Asahi Shimbun - 23 Dec 45. Translator: T. Ogawa.
Summary:
Shipments of perishable feeds to markets have increased to some extent since the lifting of price controls. Prices, however, have soared to several times the authorized levels. Only the well-to-do classes are eating to their heart's content.

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SOCIAL SERIES 120 (Continued)
ITEM 2 (Continued)
This phenomenon must be attributed to the Government's irresponsibility in abolishing price control without making any due preparations for preventing such tendencies. In this connection, the Government later decided upon a policy of permitting the payment of a price allowance, not exceeding 100 yen per capita per month, to its officials and employees to tide them over the present crisis. No other fundamental measures, however, have been enforced as yet.
It is understood that Supreme Headquarters is seriously considering this situation from the viewpoint of stabilization of the peoples' living. It is expected that Supreme Headquarters will issue a directive to the Government to control this condition, in case the latter fails to take the necessary steps to improve the situation. Moreover, it is also expected that a directive will be issued demanding that the Japanese Government close public restaurants, which are one of the chief consumers of black market commodities.
The extraordinary high prices quoted by the venders, such as 1,000 yen for a pair of shoes, 700 yen for a woolen sweater, and soforth, have been shewing an upward tendency. In this connection, the Price Department of the Finance Ministry will take steps to lower the prices of daily sundries along with measures for controlling stallvendors.
It is reported that the Commerce and Industry Ministry has recently petitioned Supreme Headquarters to approve a plan submitted by the Ministry regarding the sales of various daily sundries, including several thousand different items. It states that a part of these goods on old be delivered en a fixed produce basis and the remainder sold on the open market.
The plan, however, was not authorized. As a result of this the plan has been revised on the following points:
The daily sundries will chiefly be sold at suitable prices in department stores, while the prices will be made public by advertisement or by radio broadcasts so that the public can obtain through knowledge of them.
As for the black market, prices, not exceeding, by 20 per cent of the selling prices at department stores, will be permitted as the profit of stall-vendors. It is expected that the new plan will be enforced as soon as it is approved by Supreme Headquarters.

ITEM 3 Occupation Force Pretest Against Continued Wearing of Military Insignia - Provincial Newspaper Nagasaki Shimbun (Nagasak) 23 Dec 45. Translator: C. Gilbert.
Summary:
Rear-admiral ROGERS of the 5th American Marine Corps has sent a protest to the SASEBO Niaisen Office, saying that, although the Headquarters of the American 6th Army had prohibited the wearing of Japanese military insignia after 1 December, demobilized Japanese soldiers in SASEBO continue to disobey this directive, especially by wearing of military insignia on their caps. He demands that this offense be immediately corrected and the directive enforced. The police have, therefore, taken measures to arrest such offenders whenever discovered.
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SOCIAL SERIES 120 (Continued)
ITEM 4 Japanese Holidays Mainichi Shimbun 23 Dec 45. Translator: M. Ohno.
Full translation:
Many questions concerning the celebration of ceremonies or holidays during the New Year season have been sent from the provincial governments and schools to the proper departments for consideration. The Japanese Government, having received no directive regarding this from General MacARTHUR's Headquarters, has revealed its attitude on these problems. Accordingly, 25 December will be a holiday in joint memory of both Christmas and the festival of Emperor TAISHO.
Government business offices may be closed after 28 December. New Year's ceremonies, such as SHIHOHAI and GANJISAI, will be conducted as usual. But if General MacARTHUR's Headquarters issues a directive on those matters, the Government will announce it without delay through the Provincial Government Office.
ITEM 5 Public Poll on Continuation of Neighborhood Associations - Mainichi Shimbun - 23 Dee 45. Translator: C. Gilbert.
Summary:
MAINICHI SHIMBUN has conducted a public opinion follow the question of the continuation of neighborhood association in all Japanese provinces. As a result, the following figures were published and the conclusions reached: An average of 57 per cent of the population are for the continuation f the system, provided it is made independent of the Government; 31 per cent are for abolition; and 11 per cent are for creating a new system.
In the seven largest cities the number far abolition of the system is comparatively high, but only TOKYO shows a majority desiring abolition, with 67.7 per cent. Among the Japanese peasant population, those demanding abolition are rather numerous. The figures are analyzed as follows:
The main reason for supporting the neighborhood association is based on the function of the system as an equitable rationing organ. Strongest support is found in the middle and small cities. The large cities, especially TOKYO, are for abolition because rationing through the neighborhood association, has become rather unimportant as a result of the establishment of a free market in foodstuffs, combined with the rampant black market trade. Peasants are mainly supporting abolition because the agricultural association and the neighborhood association are doing duplicate week and one is sufficient to handle all of the farmers' business. However, all the people are opposed to Government use of the neighborhood association as a subsidiary organ of Government administration. Those in support of a new system are mainly men holding top positions in the various professions and industries. These elements would, like to reorganize the neighborhood association on the basis of a compulsory organ for the democratic political education and training of the, people.
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HomePress translations [Japan]. Social Series 0120, 1945-12-25.
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