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Press translations [Japan]. Social Series 0098, 1945-12-19.
Supreme Commander for The Allied Powers. Allied Translator and Interpreter Section.

translation-number: social-0392

call-number: DS801 .S84

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No. 392 DATE 19 Dec 45


ITEM 1 Crime and Crime Control - Mainichi Shimbun - 16 Dec 45. Translator: Y. Akabane.
In defiance to the activities of the Metropolitan Police Office, many criminal cases within the city are left unsolved, and the criminals are till at large. With the increase of social uneasiness, positive co-operation on the part of the citizens is becoming more and more necessary, particularly now when searching for criminals is made extremely difficult by the interruption of telephones and other means of communications.
Citizens are asked to bear in mind the following simple suggestions and practise them faithfully:
Cooperation in arrest.—-
First, doors must be fastened securely. During the war, doors were left unfastened due to the necessity of avoiding air raid danger, and this practice has not yet been corrected, especially in shanties and other temporary dwellings. This affords apportunities to burglars and thieves.
Recently many crimes have been committed by gangs of two or three, so citizens are warned against going out alone.
Civil guards for crime prevention of the neighborhood group associations must fulfill their duty faithfully, always keeping in close contract with the police. An example of the form of cooperation desired is the establishment of night patrols in all neighborhood groups.
Street lights must be lit at night as far as possible, and in-door lights must be put out before going to bed.
Cooperation in crime prevention.-
When a crime has been perpetuated, report the case at once to the nearest police authorities. It does not matter if the police station belongs to a different jurisdictional area.
When attacked, compose yourself and ascertain carefully the physiognomy, special features, actions, etc. of culprits. There are many examples of successful arrests based on the clues obtained from reports of victims who remembered special provincial accents of robbers who demanded money.
Spots where crimes were committed must as far as possible be left

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SOCIAL SERIES: 98 (Continued)

ITEM 1 (Continued)

untouched irrespective of murderers, burglars and thieves. There are many cases in which culprits have been arrested through the help of finger prints, and articles left behind.
If it is ascertained that a culprit is not armed and there is no danger of being injured, arrest him with the assistance of those who happen to be near. Examples of arrest in such a way are frequent, even now.
Increase of pickpockets—
Pickpockets are increasing now due to the extreme congestion of cars, trams, and areas of street stalk, and the number of arrests in accordingly increasing. Arrest of pickpockets by the Metropolitan Police during a period from January to September of this year numbered 70, in October, there were 28; up to 15th December, 30 aggregated in the two months and a half, 70. The culprits arrested are almost all first offenders. As to their motives, the difficulty of living due to unemployment was responsible for 16 out of 30, during December. Four female pickpockets were arrested during two months of October and November, three of which were first offenders. About 70 per cent of the victims were careless people to put money in outside pockets of pants or jackets while boarding congested Government railway trains, or in the case of women, in handbags or inserted in sashes.
ITEM 2 Control of Illicit trade in American Army Goods - Mainishi Shimbun - 16 Dec 45. Translator: H. Nishihara.
Full Translation:
The Japanese people care strictly prohibited from exchanging commodities, as well as buying and selling, with the officers and men of the Occupation Troops. But many Japanese have been arrested for breaking with regulation, and the number of offencers as a result of the increasing number of demobilized servicemen from overseas and workers employed by the Occupation Troops.
It is against the regulation to own or use any AMERICAN commodities, even though they are obtained through fair channels of trade. Especially those who wear AMERICAN uniforms will be taken to the Military Police Headquarters; their clothes will be confiscated, and they will be handed over to the TOKYO Police Office to be kept in custody until other clothes are brought by their families.
The TOKYO Police Office aims to be strict about the regulation and will arrest those caught in the act. Habitual criminals in this connection will be sent to the public prosecution's office.
ITEM 3 Danger of Division among Japanese Farmers - Mainichi Shimbun - 16 Dec 45. Translator: C. Gilbert.
The Preparatory Committee for the extension of the Japanese Farmers
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SOCIAL SERIES: 98 (Continued)
ITEM 3 (Continued)
Association (NIHON-NOMIN-KAKUDAI-JUMBI-IINKAI) held a meeting in the Oriental Social Hall and passed a resolution demanding the withdrawal of the Land Reform Bill as accepted by the Diet. They handed their resolution to the Headquarters of the Social-Democratic Party, originators of the Japanese Farmers Union, voiding their strong opposition to the Bill, but it was subsequently discovered that the Social-Democratic Headquarters simply ignored this resolution as it found it inconsistent with its Diet policy.
As a result of their action, a frontal clash occurred between the Prepatory Committee for the extension of the Japanese Farmers Association, whose members come from the provinces, and the originators of the Association in the Social-Democratic Party Headquarters. The Preparatory Committee, thereupon, took action by publishing their attitude and submitting a report on the rural conditions to General Headquarters on the 15th, threatening thereby a division of the Japanese Farmers Association at the very outset of its projected formation this year.
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HomePress translations [Japan]. Social Series 0098, 1945-12-19.
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