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Press translations [Japan]. Political Series 0291, 1946-02-07.
Supreme Commander for The Allied Powers. Allied Translator and Interpreter Section.

translation-number: political-1178

call-number: DS801 .S85

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No. 1178 Date: 7 Feb 46


ITEM 1 Majority of Labor Approve Formation Democratic Front Mimpo - 5 Feb 46. Translator: S. Sano.
Summary: Regarding the formation of the democratic front which was advocated by Mr, YAMAKAWA, Hitoshi and Mr. NOZAKA Canzo and which reached a climax on tee occasion of the SI[illegible]DEHARA Cabinet remaining in power, the Social Democratic and the Communist Parties hove not agreed as yet on its formation and the Liberal Party indicates that its views are against the formation. However, a united front is taking place here and there in the country and the people are paying attention to the general direction of the democratic popular front at the time of the general election.
The KYODO hews Company investigated the opinion of the people concerning.
The pro and cons of the democratic popular front.
Who should be selected as the executive of the front.
The most important policy which is expected of the front by all parts of the country.
The reports of 37O letters were divided into six classes, namely the men of private enterprise, men of free professions such as merchants, and salaried men, laborers, farmers and working class women.
The result of the investigation;
Regarding the first point, the sup orters of the formation of the democratic popular front were in an overwhelming majority of 72 per cent against 14 per cent; many of them were me of private enterprise, and the remaining 14 per cent were bystanders. It seems that most of the people excluding the intelligentsia in towns have little knowledge of the democratic popular front.
Concerning the executive of the front, Mr. NOZAKA, Sanzo was placed as its mend, Mr. YAMAKAWA, Hitoshi, follows next, and Mr. OYAMA, Ikuo, Mr. KATAYAMA, Teku, Mr. OZAKI, Yukio, and Mr. MIZUTANI, Chozaburo follow in order.
AS to th[illegible]ost important policy which is expected of the front, the first, after all, was the solution of the present food, problem. Others were the economic problems such as the prevention of inflation, the security of one's daily livelihood or the measures for unemployment; and these appeals clearly show where the thought of labor lie.
The details of the results are as follows:
1. The [illegible]ores and cons for the democratic popular front.

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POLITICAL SERIES: 291 (Continued)
ITEM 1 (Continued)
salaried-men 42
laborers 35
free professional men 34
farmers 31
working class women 28
men of free enterprise 19
others (with some conditions) 5
free men of enterprises 16
working class women 9
formers 5
free professional men 4
laborers 3
salaried men l
2. The executive post of the front (names with more than ten only)
NOZAKA, Sanzo 73
YAMAKAWA, Hitoshi 42
OYAMA, Ikuo 32
KATAYAMA, Tetsu 27
OZAKI, Yukio 23
MIZUT[illegible]I, Chozaburo 20
ABE, Isoo 16
KAGAWA, Toyohiko 15
SHIGA, Yoshio 12
3. The most, important policy which is expected of the front.
The solution of the food problem 91
The establishment of true democracy by sweeping away the old influences 62
The prevention of inflation and the stabilization of prices 52
The security of people's living and the assurance of a daily livelihood 35
Measures for the dealing with unemployment 15
The abolition of discrimination between men and women 15
The promotion of the production which is necessary for the people 11
The reconstruction of the war torn areas and the relief of the war victim[illegible]s 9
Carrying out of the reform of the land system 9
ITEM 2 Food Measures suggested by the Liberal Party - Asahi Shimbun - 5 Feb 46. Translator: N. Tachibana.
Full Translation:
In order to overcome the serious food shortage, the Liberal Party decided upon the following essential urgent food measures at the plenary mooting on 4 February. These measures are based on three principles, that is to say, 1. preference for the solution of the
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POLITICAL SERIES: 291 (Continued)
ITEM 2 (Continued)
Food problem to over every other economic measure, 2. removal of uneasiness about food shortage by means of showing concrete facts, 3. trying not to exercise autocratic power in carrying out these measures.
The Essentials Of Urgent Measures For Food.
The Government should decide at once upon the utilization of funds, raw materials, labor, transport capacity, etc., necessary to carry out the urgent measures for food by obtaining the consent and co-operation of the departments concerned.
In view of the rice crop in 1945 it is necessary to remove uneasiness from the people by supplementing the deficit of provisions with imports. Therefore, the Government should immediately ask consent of the Allied Powers to import. We rely upon public firms for our actual importation affairs, and an appropriate organization should be newly established.
Improvement of the rice allotment system. While keeping the general structure of this system, the Government should take the following measures.
The Government should reduce the quantity of rice which a farmer has to offer to the Government to the extent of that which is collected as rent by a landlord, and should buy the allotted rice for about five hundred yen per koku.
The Government should allow the farmers, who offer their allotted quantity of rice to sell freely their surplus rice at proper rice markets in the producing fu or ken. If the standard quantity of nation is not completed by the purchase of allotted rice, the Government should buy that deficient quantity of rice through the proper rice markets.
The Government should sell the offered rice for less than 2.5 yen per she to workers (who draw lass than 5,000 yen a year for their work) because they will temporarily find it difficult to live on account of the raising of the governmental purchase price of allotted rice, and to others at the price which is gotten by adding a certain rate to the purchase price.
Improvement of the adoption system.
In addition to the adoption of the aforesaid two price system within the limits of the standard ration for which the Government is responsible, the Government should especially increase the ration for those who are engaged in essential industries.
The Government should think about the ration organization fundamentally, and make the best of such organizations as the Agricultural Association for collecting, rationing, and selling provisions. The terminal rationing organizations in cities should be under the management of consumption guilds in each region or in each factory and company. The facilities of the present rationing organizations should be transferred to the consumption guilds if necessary.
So as to reconstruct the industries producing such agricultural necessaries as fertilizers, farming tools, agricultural medicines, working clothes, shoes, etc., the Government should take the following urgent measures:

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POLITICAL SERIES: 291 (Continued)

ITEM 2 (Continued)
The Government should establish, rehabilitate or repair manufacturing industries, and supply them with, or assist then with purchasing, funds, raw materials, and labor.
The Government should increase the ration of foodstuffs to such factories if necessary.
The Government should have them take appropriate measures to ensure cheap rates for them.
The Government should allow then, special utilization of transport for food, and in addition make efforts to rehabilitate and organize overall transportation and communication.
Guarantee for fishing products.
The Government should rive special consideration to, and guarantee the supply of funds, materials and labor necessary to construct or repair fishing boats, and obtain tools, heavy oil, lamo oil, etc.
The Government should ask the consent of the Allied Powers and other departments concerned to change the areas where Japanese fishermen are allowed to work or broaden the limits outside of which they are forbidden to work with dragnets from steam boats, and trawl nets.
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HomePress translations [Japan]. Political Series 0291, 1946-02-07.
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