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Press translations [Japan]. Political Series 0281, 1946-02-05.
Supreme Commander for The Allied Powers. Allied Translator and Interpreter Section.

translation-number: political-1139

call-number: DS801 .S85



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GENERAL HEADQUARTERS
SUPREME COMMANDER FOR THE ALLIED POWERS
ALLIED TRANSLATOR AND INTERPRETER SECTION
PRESS TRANSLATIONS
No. 1139 Date: 5 Feb 46

POLITICAL SERIES: 281

ITEM 1 Imperial Abdication beyond Consideration No Intention of Revising Imperial House Law - Jiji Shimpo - 3 Feb 40. "Translator: A. Kido.
Extracts:
Minister without Portfolio MATSUMOTO who presided over the Constitution Investigation Committee for four months, during which more than 20 meetings had been held, speaks as follows, upon the completion of the Committee's mission with the plenary meeting held yesterday:
"The subject of the Constitutional revision has now been settled for the tine being. When required by the Cabinet, however, investigation meetings nay be held again. At today's meeting both A and B plans were introduced, as was suggested by the minor committee."
"Notwithstanding different views expressed at the meeting, the revision plan received only a few alterations in wording. A formal decision was not adopted at the meeting, but the revised plan was so set up ready to be submitted to a Cabinet meeting for approval. I hope the draft will be decided upon at the extraordinary Cabinet meeting on next Monday, or the regular Cabinet meeting on next Tuesday. I myself think the draft is the best, pending other better views that nay appear before submitting it to the Board of Investigation which will be officially organized by the end of this month."
"The import of the revised plan seem to be unpopular, but it is, however, not yet quite completed. The people should refrain from abuse before the completion of the revision lest it should become spoiled. When the associate laws will get a definite plan cannot be released yet, but some points must be altered. For that purpose a plan will be made by the office of the House of Peers, the Bureau of Legislation and the Investigation Board under my supervision. Maybe the Imperial House Law requires some alterations, but at present nothing decisive can be mentioned. Therefore, the question of the Imperial abdication was not considered at the meeting."
Constitution Investigation Board.
The seventh meeting of the Constitution Investigation Board was held yesterday morning at 1000 at the official residence of the prime minister, attended by the Committee-chairman MATSUMOTO and other members like SHIMIZU, MINOBE, NOMURA (all advisors) as well as by MAYAWA, KIYOMIYA, KAWAMURA, ISHIGURO, NARAHASH, IRIE, SATO, MOROHASHI and NODA, president of the Accountants' Bureau of the Ministry of Finance. At this meeting the definite plan made at the Committee meeting of 26 January was studied. In case of need more such meetings will be held.

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POLITICAL SERIES: 281 (Continued)
ITEM 2 Promotion of the Democratic Front - Round Table Conference (No. 5) - Yomiuri-Hochi - 4 Feb 46. Translator: S. Ohno.
Summary:
Persons present:
YAMAKAWA, Hitoshi, organizer of the popular front.
MIZUTANI, Chozaburo, control executive committee of the Social Democratic Party.
KITA, Reikichi, executive member of the Liberal Party.
NOZAKA, Sanzo, member of the Communist Party.
NODA, Takeo, chief-executive of the Progressive Party.
YOSHIDA, Tadashi, permanent organizer of the Co-operative Party.
IWABUCHI, Tatsuo, social critic.
SUZUKI, chief-editor of the YOMIURI
And other staff members of the press.
SUZUKI: Your opinion about the problem, please, Mr. YAMAKAWA.
YAMAKAWA: I quite agree with Mr. YOSHIDA of the Co-operative Party. We have to take quick steps. We need an organized movement to cope with the food problem. That is why I propose the formation of a united front. The solution of the problem on a nation-wide scale requires the joint efforts of the various parties concerned. I am now endeavoring to draw up a plan for the formation of a united front, asking for the cooperation of leading members of various circles. I hope every person invited will accept my proposal.
NOZAKA: I also agree with Mr. YOSHIDA. We are going to do what he said. By the way, I should like to hear the opinion of Mr. NODA on the problem of a united front, Do you think differences of ideology matters much, even in taking co-operative action to settle such a problem as the food crisis?
NODA: My personal opinion is that, so far as the food problem is concerned, there is no objection to the proposed front.
NOZAKA: Then, you refuse a united front, where the Tenno System is concerned?
NODA: Let me state my personal opinion. The important thing is, I think, to create an objective in the pursuit of which we can safely trust each other. The difficulty is not the problem to be taken up, but our attitude to discussing it frankly.
NOZAKA: That provides for the justification of the grounds of Mr. YAMAKAWA's proposal to create a committee meeting of various political parties to promote the realization of a united front. It makes no sense to oppose a plan because it is proposed by other parties.
YOSHIDA: I do not agree. I support the formation of a united front so far as general principles are concerned. But when to take up such a concrete problem as the food crisis had better be left to the charge of another organization.
NODA: I am in completely agreement with you.
KITA: I think so, too. The formation of a popular front to solve
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POLITICAL SERIES: 281 (Continued)
ITEM 2 (Continued)
the food problem is, from every indication, considered undesirable. I wonder if there is any necessity of organizing a popular front the meaning of which seems to me quite vague. If we adhere to the popular front, we cannot refute the opposition that some parties concerned are trying to expand their own influence by making use of the food problem. My opinion is that an organization to be called an anti-food crisis committee or something of the sort is good enough to settle the matter.
SUZUKI: It seems that you consider the popular front something dangerous?
KITA: In regard to the popular front, we have to take into our consideration its derivation, which as we all know, comes from FRANCE. I want to draw a distinct line between the democratic and the popular front. Mr. NOZAKA makes a clear distinction between them, with which I agree. But, Mr. YAMAKAMA says that they are the same. This is what I cannot understand.
SUZUKI: You mean that your party can participate in the democratic front?
KITA: As for the words "democracy" and "front" we have already sufficiently discussed them. The point is to establish democracy in a form proper to this country. But, apart from abstract discussion, when we tackle practical problems we must disregard the different attitudes of political parties.
SUZUKI: Then, in regard to the practical problem, do you recomend an active popular movement?
KITA: Yes, but the word "popular" in this case, must mean national as a whole. What I should like to insist on is that as a popular front is distinct from a national movement, we must not confuse it with a national movement.
SUZUKI: But, as democracy without the people is quite nonsensical, there is no inconvenience in using the term "people", I think.
KITA: No, that is not so. For instance, think of the fact we find no word like "popular front" in the case of American democracy. The popular front cones from FRANCE. I would like to hear a detailed explanation of the word "popular" from Mr. YAMAKAWA.
SUZUKI: A popular front is called into existence when reactionary power menaces the lives of the people, isn't it?
KITA: As is clear in the case of FRANCE, there is no necessity to organize a collective movement to cope with the reactionary influence, or to settle the food crisis. Even the bureaucrats, if they are able to work, should be utilized.
MIZUTANI: Your insistance on the peculiarity of the popular front is quite right. That is why, I presume, Mr. NOZAKA adopts the term "democratic front", in its place. The democratic front is a movement to promote the realization of democracy in the country. But he is still more concessive. If one finds the term "front" too rod in color, he is ready to use the word "union" as its substitute. Words do not matter, anyway. We, the Social Democrats and the Communists, agree with all that Mr. YOSHIDA said a while ago. Mr. NOZAKA wishes, if possible, to form an
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POLITICAL SERIES: 281 (Continued)
ITEM 2 (Continued)
unified front, even if only to settle the food problem. No one will oppose the attempt which aims at the solution of one of the most urgent difficulties of the national life. As a matter of practice, in HOKKAIDO, where the food crisis is most menacing, all the political parties, including the Co-operatives, Progressives, Liberals, Social Democrats and Communists, are working together, in complete harmony, to meet the situation. This Mr. YOSHIDA knows well. The same thing occurs, I suppose, in every part of the country. The people are fighting against reality. If the headquarters of the political parties adhere to different policies and principles and hesitate to co-operate, they will be divorced from the real issues.
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HomePress translations [Japan]. Political Series 0281, 1946-02-05.
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