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Press translations [Japan]. Political Series 0177, 1946-01-13.
Supreme Commander for The Allied Powers. Allied Translator and Interpreter Section.

translation-number: political-0743

call-number: DS801 .S85

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No. 743 Date: 13 Jan 46


ITEM 1 Major General Ishii Ordered to Tokyo - Asahi Shimbun - 12 Jan 46. Translator: K. Onishi.
Full Translation:
The Office of Censorship of the UNITED STATES Army Headquarters requested the Japanese Government to escort Major General ISHII, Shiro to TOKYO on the grounds that he was to be examined on a technical question concerning medical treatment. It was also ordered that he should not be interned at SUGAMO Prison but placed in quarters where the Headquarters will be able to find him at their convenience.
ITEM 2 Reaction of The Parties to Cabinet Reorganization - Asahi Shimbun - 12 Jan 46. Translator: Paasche.
Whereas the Progressive Party believes in the possibility of surmounting t[illegible]Cabinet crisis through cabinet reform, the Liberals are advocating general resignation and Imperial Sanction for a new caninet. The Social-Democratic Party is opposed to a mere reshuffle and demands immediate en masse resignation of the Cabinet, while the Communists maintain that no Government can be regarded as being representative of the people as long as the Emperor setup exists. As a matter of fact it aprears that the Liberals as well as the Progressive, are putting up with a reshuffle since they have many of their men in the Government and are therefore in a bargaining position.
Social-Democrats: In line with their former claim that the Government is unable to cope with the situation, the party now absolutely opposes a makeshift solution. Should the Government approach them for help in a reshuffle, they will turn the request down, nor will they tolerate the participation of Social-Democrats in the Cabinet. The party still desires the general resignation of the SHIDEHARA Cabinet infavor of a new Cabinet with Social-Democrats, Liberals, and Communists as the backbone. As long as the handling of the vital issues of food, inflation and unemployment is not entrusted to them, the Social-Democrats will not participate in the formation of any Cabinet.
According to the Communists the Government plan to reform the Cabinet is the lost struggle of Imperial feudal elements which have no regard for the people's woes: "We want to mobilize the whole Nation for the overthrow of monarchy through a popular front; therefore we have voiced warnings against the reactionary trend of the Social-Democratic Party. Their scheme to form a Coalition Cabinet with the Liberals is a treacherous act against the masses, tantamount to propping up what remains of the Emperor setup and monopolistic capitalism. We want to secure power for the Comunists and left-wing Socialists, i.e. for the workers, the peasants and the people at large."

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POLITICAL SERIES: 177 (Continued)

ITEM 2 (Continued)
Director KAWANO of the Liberals stated on the 11th: "We intend to clarify our attitude during a party conference to be held after we have received a message from the Cabinet, which contains some of our men in important positions. We feel that, on principle, the Cabinet, should wind up after the elections. Should the Cabinet overlook its character as an interim body and remain in office after the election, we will start a drive for its downfall.
The Progressive Party considers Cabinet reorganization as the appropriate step to take since the Cabinet should, as far as possible, retain its present qualities until after the elections. Even after that event, SHIDEHARA would be the most suitable premier in a new cabinet; for this reason the party continues in its attitude of strict nonintervention.
ITEM 3 Changes In Judicial Circles - Asahi Shimbun - 12 Jan 46. Translator: S. Kawasaki.
Full Translation:
In accordance with the abolition of Offices of Local Inspector-General, the TAKAMATSU Court of Appeal was abolished on 10 January. The Ministry of Justice made public the following change on 12 January. Chief public procurator of the TAKAMATSU Court of Appeals SATO, Shoju was appointed public procurtor of the Supreme Court. Section Head of the TAKAMATSU Court of Appeals TAMAI Matanajo was appointed Head of the TOKYO Court of Appeals. Public procurator of the TAKAMATSU Court of Appeal NAGATA, Keiichi was appointed public procurator of the OSAKA Court of Appeals. Section Head of TAKAMATSU Court of Appeals OKA[illegible]URA, Ren was appointed Section Head of the OSAKA Court of Appeals.
ITEM 4 Secret Devices Planned in the Sickbed - Asahi Shimbun - 12 Jan 46. Translator: J. Weiller.
On hearing that the SHIDEHARA Cabinet would resign en masse, excitement in the various political parties was very noticeable. While the Cabinet was discussing their final attitude, each one of the parties awaited the result with abated, breath in vague anticipation of a windfall, but the Cabinet's decision to carry on with a reorganization rudely shock each from its respective dream, which lasted for exactly six hours.
According to the Premier's son, he was getting better though still not seeing callers. Telephone bells were incessantly ringing at his private residence, while Agriculture Minister MATSUMURA and Chief Secretary TSUGITA hurriedly came in by motocar and disappeared into the Premier's room. Though there was means of telling what they were talking about, it looked as if they were drawing near the decision to tide over the crisis by a "reorganization". However, to decide on the reorganization in the sickbed, could not be an easy matter.
The correspondents of the Allied countries assemblied at Radio TOKYO, each vying with another to obtain the first international news regarding the Cabinet's fate. Resignation was considered likely by the correspondents, and Reuters ventured so far as to cable the first report of "the resignation en masse of the SHIDEHARA Cabinet". The AP TOKYO office received an urgent inquiry from SAN FRANCISCO demanding, "Reuters announced resignation; what are you doing?" The report of the "reorganization" vas received by them with mixed feelings, but all were in accord in saying, "In the present SHIDEHARA case it is not that the papers were forward, but that SHIDEHARA was behind the papers."
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POLITICAL SERIES: 177 (Continued)
ITEM 5 Unprecedented Readjustment in Justice Department - Asahi Shimbun - 12 Jan 46. Translator: S. Kawasaki.
Full Translation:
In accordance with the administrative arrangement of the Government, the All-JAPAN Judicial Official Conference was held at the meeting room in the Ministry of Justice at 0930 on 11 January. Great emphasis was placed on reform of the judicial circles. Vice-Minister SAKA and chiefs of various boards and sections. President of the Supreme Court SHIMOYAMA, Public Procurator-General NAKANO, President of Court of Appeal OMCAI, seven presidents of courts of appeal (President of MIYAGI Court of Appeal KOBAYASHI was absent), Chief Public Procurator of TOKYO Court of Appeal KUROKAWA, and eight public procurators were present at the conference.
To begin with Justice Minister IWATA greeted the group, and soon they consulted on various matters. The object of the meeting was the dismissal of about 400 high officials, such as judges, public procurators, governors of prisons, commissioners, secretaries, and more than 1,000 persons who are in lower positions than officials of hannin rank, such as clerks, government employes and servants. It is the greatest adjustment since the construction of the judicial world. Every chief official proceeded to consult in a grave tone on dismissal of their officials with each written resignation on hand. The Conference was continued until 1700 and will be continued at 0930 today.
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HomePress translations [Japan]. Political Series 0177, 1946-01-13.
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