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Press translations [Japan]. Political Series 0042, 1945-12-01.
Supreme Commander for The Allied Powers. Allied Translator and Interpreter Section.

translation-number: political-0166

call-number: DS801 .S85



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GENERAL HEADQUARTERS
SUPREME COMMANDER FOR THE ALLIED POWERS
ALLIED TRANSLATOR AND INTERPRETER SECTION
PRESS TRANSLATIONS
No. 166 Date: 1 Dec 45

POLITICAL SERIES: 42

ITEM 1 Miyamoto, Communist Leader's. Statement - Mainichi Shimbun - 27 Nov 45. Translator: H. Naoji.
Extracts:
"In the MEIJI Restoration, the Emperor System became real power for the first time in the long history of JAPAN. It became the origin of our capitalism, so we must knock out the capitalistic system with the Emperor system and the war criminals," said MIYAMOTO, Communist Party spokesmen. At the first lecture-meeting of political parties in our country, which was opened for a four day conference starting 26 November at the lecture hall of TOKYO Industry University. MIYAMOTO stressed the following points.
We intend to hold the fourth Communist general meeting in the middle part of December. The idea of communism has been thoroughly distorted in our country, so we intend to state our Communist Party platform.
Subsequently SUZUKI, Shigesaburo, Socialist Party member, stated his opinion as follows.
"The complete democratic revolution in JAPAN will be carried out only by the proletariat end after a revoulution. Imperial rights will be limited. In this case the British system can be referred to as an example.
ITEM 2 Notes on the Diet ([illegible]) - Tokyo Shimbun - 27 Nov 45. Translator: J. Weiller.
Extract:
Mentally and spiritually old, taking a new job which is beyond their comprehension, and wondering how to go about it, the members of the Diet and the Government are unable to take a definite stand towards the various reform bills based on democratic ideas. If we view the session with the idea that in order to build up a democratic JAPAN we must follow the present course, we may better be able to understand present events.
The Shidehara Cabinet, containing many conservative elements, expected to last only until the general election. The majority of the Diet members co-operated with the TOJO Cabinet, and it can be justly said that the whole body should retire from the scene so as to make it clean from war responsibility.
If we study the members psychology we may find that among those who applauded the war reports there must be a considerable number who, for the sake of self-preservation, followed TOJO against their conscience, while on the other hand there must be some who, having

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POLITICAL SERIES: 42 (Continued)
ITEM 2 (Continued)
supported the TOJO Cabinet suddenly realized their mistake when the militarists' crimes became apparent and are genuinely decided to help build a peaceful JAPAN.
We cannot, of course, unconditionally pronounce "not guilty" on these men. "Do not hesitate to correct yourself" said an ancient sage. We prosecute the war-guilty but it is for no other purpose than to build a new JAPAN. So what we have to ask these gentlemen is that some of them should on this occasion frankly confess their intentions before the nation, while the others should plead guilty of cowardice and endeavor to construct a democratic JAPAN.
As to how the present session will develop, future events will tell, but should the members forget that the construction of a new JAPAN is the supreme problem, the consequence will be dire. The people will no longer be deceived by a mere mask of democracy, and every single action in the Diet will be closely watched by the now-awakening nation.
ITEM 3 Supreme Power of Emperor Will Be Reduced - Mainichi Shimbun - 27 Nov 45. Translator: T. Hideo.
Summary:
A general conclusion concerning the revision of the constitution was reached by the Constitution Revision Committee at its general meeting Saturday, and Committee members will submit draft of the revision to MATSUMOTO, State Minister Without Portfolio by 17 December. Thus the Revision Bill, which is to be completed about the middle of next January, will be presented to the next Extraodinary Diet Session, composed of newly elected representatives.
The present constitution was drawn up in the Meiji Era. It consists of 6 chapters mainly concerned with protecting and strengthening the Supreme Power of the Emperor. Such an undemocratic constitution is expected to be greatly improved by the revision.
The purport of the revision may be summorized as follows: The Supreme Power of the Emperor will be reduced to a considerable extent in all phases. Articles 1 to 4 providing that our country should eternally be under the sovereignty of the Emperors in a line unbroken for ages, will be deleted. Article 9, giving the Emperor the power to issue orders to maintain public peace and order and to promote the welfare of the subjects without the approval of the Diet, will be abolished. The Emperor's supreme command and military powers are to be eliminated. War declarations and the conclusion of the treaties of peace or any other international treaty, will henceforth require the approval of the Diet. In particular, the so-called Emergency Power, which abrogates individual liberties, is to be abolished in order to protect the people's freedom. Thus, the supreme power of the Throne will be restricted in all phases, while on the other hand, the people's various rights, regulated in Chapter 2, may be guaranteed through an express provision in the revised constitution.
The organization of the House of Peers, which is composed of Imperial Princes, Peers, and other members nominated by His Majesty will be reformed so that the number of peer members may be diminished. The Government intends to complete the bill regarding this reform in next year's Diet session.
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POLITICAL SERIES: 42 (Continued)
ITEM 3 (Continued)
In the phase of the finance anent the last chapter of the constitution, the reserve fund, whose use was covered with secrecy during war time faces abolition. Article 70 on the emergency control of finance, and Article 8, on the Emergency Imperial Ordinances, will be abolished, because these articles restrict the authority of the Diet
ITEM 4 The Plans of Administration Readjustment - Tokyo Shimbun - 27 Nov 45. Translator: S. Sano.
Summary:
At the coning Administration Readjustment Committee meeting (GYO SEI SEIRI I IN[illegible]KAI) the following will be discussed.
The new establishment of the Department of Water Administration (SUISEI SHO) (temporary name) - Anticipating the shortage of industrial materials because of the war and future reparations, the construction of 8000 more dams in various parts of the country must be promoted. The Public Works Bureau in the Home Ministry and the Electric Bureau in the Commerce and Industry Ministry are to be combined into a new department
The Welfare Ministry - Owing to the establishment of the War Rehabilitation Board (SENSAI FUKKO IN). There remains only the Labor and Sanitary section in this Ministry. Those will be transfered to the Home Ministry.
The reinvestigation of the Foreign Ministry - Owing to the directive on the suspension of deplomatic relations, the present Foreign Ministry is almost defunct. The ministry in the future may be placed under the Government like the State Department in America.
The Restoration of the Ministry of Communications the object here is to raise the status of the present Communication Bureau under the Government.
The War and Navy Ministries - These will be replaced by the First and Second Demobilization Ministries on 1 December.
ITEM 5 Formation of (NOHUNTO) Agrarian Party ([illegible]) - Tokyo Shimbun - 28 Nov 45. Translator: J. Weiller.
Extracts:
The preparations for forming an Agrarian Party have been going on for sometime, cantering round MIYATA, Mitsuo ex-chief of the Metropolitan Police Board, present chief of its General headquarters, and a member of the House of Peers. Now that they have decided on the platform they are shortly to hold an inauguration ceremony.
An independent political party will be formed in each prefecture whose combined and central league will be called The Japanese Agrarian League. The objective is to found the nation on an agricultural basis. In its platform stress is placed on the protection of private ownership of property establishment of peasant ownership by a great change in the agricultural land system, fundamental revision of the centralization systems, etc.
ITEM 6 Reform of Agrarian System Will Be The Focus Of Discussion In The Diet - Tokyo Shimbun - 28 Fov 45. Translator: N. Tachibana.
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POLITICAL SERIES: 42 (Continued)
ITEM 6 (Continued)
Full Translation:
The 89th Extraordinary Session of the Diet was organized on 26 November and its opening ceremony was held on the 27th. Preliminary sessions will open on 28 November in both House of Representatives and the House of Peers. Following Premier SHIDEHARA's address outlining his administrative policies, representatives of each party will be permitted to question the Premier's policies and the Election Law Revision Bill, latter is the most important bill of the current session and will he introduced in the House of Representatives on the same day. Deliberation of this bill will be formally inaugerated on 29 November by the special committee.
In addition, two very important bills, the Labor Union Bill and Agrarian Reform Bill, will be laid before the Diet. Heated discussion is expected on these three important bills, which form the foundation stones in the construction of a Democratic Japan. They constitute important pieces of social legislation, which heralds a socio-economic revolution in Japan.
The fundamental principles of the Election Revision Law and Labor Union Bills will be retained and the bills will be passed as drafted after a few minor revisions.
The Agrarian Reform Bill, however, will undoubtedly face much opposition due to the severity of the blow its enactment would deal the landed aristocracy found in districts still functioning under the semi-feudal field system. Landowner mouthpieces found in each of the parties will oppose the measure violently.
On the other hand, there seem to be objections against the bill due to ideological considerations. Therefore, the focus of discussion in the current session of the Diet will lie in the Agrarian Reform Bill. If, by some chance, the Diet should dare veto the Bill, the Government will dissolve the Diet and appeal to public opinion for a decision. Should the Diet be dissolved over the Bill heated discussion may be anticipated.
Under such circumstances the Socialists and Communist Parties will presummably gain an advantage. On the other hand, the Liberal and Progressive Parties, placed in a position of disadvantage, will, perhaps, secure passage of the bill by revising it to some extent. Inevitably, the Agrarian Reform Bill will raise much discussion and controversy once the Election Law Revision Bill has been passed.
It is presumed that the apparently, all 18 days of the present whole period of 18 days will be needed to debate these session of the House of Representatives will be required to thrash out these important pieces of legislation. It seems likely, therefore, that a prolongation of the session will be required.
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HomePress translations [Japan]. Political Series 0042, 1945-12-01.
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