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Press translations [Japan]. Economic Series 0265, 1946-02-06.
Supreme Commander for The Allied Powers. Allied Translator and Interpreter Section.

translation-number: economic-1160

call-number: DS801 .S81

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No. 1160 Date: 6 Feb 46


ITEM 1 Study of Black market Price of Textiles - Nippon Sangyo Keizai - 4 Feb 46. Translator; Z. Konishi.
Full Translation:
In order to prepare for the establishment of new official prices, the TOKYO Financial Bureau (ZAIMU-KYOKU) made an investigation of black market prices at all street-stalls in TOKYO, involving 55,000 traders. The prices of various textilos, which were obtained from the investigation can be seen here as follows:
(Date: 21 January; unit in yen.)
Commodity Unit Street - stall price Control price
Red silk lining one roll 330.00 11.00
Cotton gauze one roll 75.00 1.20
Silk homespun one suit 800.00 80.00
Rayon red lining one yard 55.00 1.20
Cotton T-cloth (TENJIKU) one yard 55.00 .90
Staple fiber cloth one suit 480.00 8.50
Cotton calico six yards 360.00 7.00
Ramie cloth one meter 60.00 6.50
School boys' clothes one suit 650.00 20.00
Tunic for winter one pair 460.00 25.00
Cotton trousers one pair 200.00 7.50
Spring coat one pair 1,800.00 80.00
Leather jumper one pair 600.00 53.00
Resewn work dress one suit 230.00 13.00
Cotton tunic one pair 230.00 8.00
Second-hand mohair overcoat one pair 2.000.00 150.00
Second-hand pure woolen overcoat one pair 1,800.00 130.00
Cotton work trousers one pair 250.00 3.50
Second-hand pure woolen sack-coat one suit 1.500.00 90.00
Children's trousers one pair 145.00 12.00
Rain-coat one pair 280.00 50.00
Floss-silk vest one pair 90.00 30.00
70.00 10.00
Rayon white shirt one pair 80.00 3.00
Rayon blouse one pair 100.00 7.00
Ladies's silk underwear one pair 450.00 13.00
Resewn silk shirt one suit 400.00 10.00
Silk drawers one pair 345.00 13.00
Flannel shirt one pair 280.00 5.50
Sweater one pairs 800.00 6.00
Child's undershirt one pair 140.00 3.00
Mon's cotton undershirt one pair 150.00 2.50

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ECONOMIC SERIES: 265 (Continued)
ITEM 1 (Continued)
Commodity Unit Street-stall price Control price
Padded drawers one pair 250.00 2.50
Woolen undershirt one pair 380.00 5.00
Cotton sweater one pair 300.00 3.50
Rayon shirt one suit 485.00 5.50
Rayon shirt one pair 290.00 2.50
Military summer shirt one pair 100.00 5.50
Rayon national dress A one suit 750.00 60.00
Common silk cloth one roll 400.00 35.00
Rayon neck-cloth one sheet 90.00 5.50
Socks one pair 70.00 83
25.00 86
Stockings one pair 50.00 10.00
Military socks one pair 20.00 35
Military gloves one pair 17.00 35
Hempen rucksack one 260.00 30.00
Cotton rucksack one 310.00 20.00
MIYAKO underskirt one sheet 310.00 4.50
Stomach-band (HARAMAKI) one l40.00 2.50
85.00 2.00
Winter head-gear one 55.00 8.00
Military blanket one sheet 400.00 40.00
Militarty long blanket one sheet 1,200.00 30.00
Second-hand SUFU bed-clothes three 980.00 55.00
Drawers one 40.00 2.50
28.00 1.00
Short drawers one 45.00 6.00
36.00 1.00
Children's pant s one 26.00 70
Men's pants one 35.00 1.00
Cooking dress one 85.00 2.50
Diaper cover cloth one sheet 38.00 1.50
Chemise one pair 85.00 1.70
Pillow one 23.00 2.20
Sewing thread one spool 25.00 1.05
10.00 70
ITEM 2 Coal Situation Improving, but Several Months to Shortage Alleviation - OGASAWARA - Tokyo Shimbun - 4 Feb 46. Translator: H. Sato.
Commerce and Industry Minister OGASAWARA made a broadcast Sunday evening on the coal situation as follows: "Coal production is showing a gradual upward tendency. Output was 545,000 tons and 519,000 tons in October and November respectively , and it was more than 840,000 tons in the month of December. Output in the first ten days of January this year was 286,700 tons and in the second ten days it amounted to 378,800 tons. And it now appears quite certain that it will be over 1,000,000 tons monthly. In order to increase efficiency, efforts are now being made for the improvement of the working conditions of the coal laborers.
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ECONOIC SERIES: 265 (Continued)
1TEM 2 (Continued)
"As regards food ration, distribution of principal foods of five go per day in average for laborers and 2.3 go per day for members of their families, has been in practice since last December, and a special ration of sweet potatoes was also made. Recently, it has been decided to increase the ration up to six go per day for laborers and three go per day for members of their families as a reward for increase of coal production. And as to general necessities of life, effort is being made to ration a considerable emount of working clothes, rubbersoled tabi, cooking oil, soap, and cigarettes.
"As regards wages, in order to cope with, the post-war soaring commodity prices we have set 12 yen per day as the average for pit workers and 6.80 yen for workers outside the pit. In consideration of the upward tendency of the general wage standard, we have further raised the wages of coal workers up to 18 yen per day in average for pit workers and to 10 yen for the workers outside the pit.
"In view of the short supply of wire rope, we are collecting the stocks of goods on hand from every manufacturer and are promoting a new manufacturing enterprise. As for the post-war shortage of explosives in every coal mine, having gotten the permission of General Headquarters, manufacturing work was started last December and is now being continued.
"As for the financial situation of the coal industry, having obtained the permission of General Headquarters, the JAPAN Industrial Bank (NIPPON KOGYO GINKO) will lend 300,000,000 yen to the JAPAN Coal Company (NIPPON SEKITAN KAISHA), so that coal industries of middle or minor scale may receive a smoother supply of a working fund.
"Though the coal output is showing a marked upward tendency, it is only 1,000,000 tons per month, and it is about one fifth of the average pre-war output which amounted to more than 4,600,000 tons per month in 1941. And we cannot expect much from coal stocks now because almost all available coal stored at ports or around producing centers has been used up. It seems that the coal shortage will continue for several months from now. Coal may be said to be the food for industry and transportation and our daily lives have direct concern with the coal situation. It can be said that success of the rebuilding of JAPAN as a peaceful nation will surely depend upon coal production, And I hereby sincerely solicit the co-operation of those in the industry and also of everyone of the nation."
Coal Output In January Estimated at 1,100,000 Tons.
The desired goal of coal output in the month of January is 1,050,000 tons, and the actual output was 286,000 tons in the first ten days and 378,000 tons in the second ten days. The third ten days' output is estimated at approximately 470,000 tons, totaling about 1,134,000 tons which is about 90,000 tons in excess of the estimated goal. This excess amount is supposed to be preferentially rationed for the use of railway transportation and for the chemical fertilizer industry as originally planned.
ITEM 3 Special Control Step In Foreign Trade to be Effective - Nippon Sangyo Keizai - 4 Feb 46. Translator: Z. Konishi.
In preparation for the import of various urgent necessities such as food Salt, textiles, and other essential raw materials for the reconstruction of peace-time industries in JAPAN, the Trade Board (BOEKI CHO) plans to have a "Trade Control Law" (assumed name) passed.
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ECONOMIC SERIES; 265 (Continued)
ITEM 3 (Continued)
without discussion at the next Diet session.
Concerning problems in trade, hitherto, Government policy has been based on such laws as the Trade Control Law (BOEKI TOSEI REI) and the Special Economic Management Law (RINJI KEIZAI SOCHI HO). These laws, however, are wartime measures, while the General Mobilization Law (SODOINHO) on which these laws are based will have to be abolished in the near future. Under the present stringent situation, foreign trade must be the trade which should be operated by the state. Furthermore, following the directions from SCAP, foreign trade in the future must be directly connected with production at home. Taking these things into consideration, the new law will be made generally effective by having regulations for control, prohibition and other necessary measures, and will embrace every field of trade activity
HomePress translations [Japan]. Economic Series 0265, 1946-02-06.
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