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Press translations [Japan]. Economic Series 0264, 1946-02-05.
Supreme Commander for The Allied Powers. Allied Translator and Interpreter Section.

translation-number: economic-1144

call-number: DS801 .S81



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GENERAL HEADQUARTERS
SUPREME COMMANDER FOR THE ALLIED POWERS
ALLIED TRANSLATOR AND INTERPRETER SECTION
PRESS TRANSLATIONS
No. 1144 Date: 5 Feb 46

ECONOMIC SERIES: 264

ITEM 1 Varieties of Sabotage Concealing of Materials for Evasion of Tax the Most Malicious - Nippon Sangyo Keizai (Tokyo) - 4 Feb 46. Translator: T. UKAI.
Full Translation:
It is five months since the war ended and even to-day, we can hardly come by a single commodity of daily use and of ordinary quality, but that of a really coarse manufacture prepared by one of the medium and small industrialists at a black-market price 5-10 times as high as the official one, as if we must admit to them the right to employ the war to their best advantage. Why? The reason is, production has stopped.
A capitalist says, "a large scale industry cannot be financed, because the future of compensation, reparations as well as commodity prices are doubtful; the money market is pressing and materials are as rare as food".
Here, we will refer ourselves to the sabotage being carried out by capitalists and further go into their causes, which can be classified in the following way, namely;
investments cannot pay,
compensation by the State is not yet decided and the reparations situation is not yet clear,
raw materials are rare,
the money market is pressing,
demand and supply are not yet stabilized,
traders and whole-salers as an economical factor have been destroyed with the result that products and difficult to trade. The third item is the most important. In addition, we can point out sabotage, by which, in the first place the evasion of tax, mostly referring to the recently introduced tax laws and in the second place raising of commodity prices, are intended, the latter being carried out in the disguise of the case of concealed goods.

Now let us follow a series of cases of sabotages carried out by large scale industries and their causes.
Sabotage carried out with the idea that non-production pays better. This tendency is seen in almost ever kind of industry, and especially abundantly seen in such industries as mining, refining, rolling stock, machinery, etc. Taking the cooper industry as an example, the typical way of thinking is: "The copper supply on hand is supposed to reach some 100,000 metric tons including scraps. But, overseas markets and commerce are able to influence



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ECONOMIC SERIES: 264 (Continued)

ITEM 1 (Continued)

the future of the copper refining industry a greatdeal, so that investment funds can not be called in, even if the business is resumed, invested with a great sum. It is, therefore, reasonable for a mining company to stand still and refrain from production".
Sabotage, taking into consideration reparations. This category includes those cases in which one fears to come to be the object of reparations through actual goods and would abstain from production, or would hesitate from switching over plants, etc., and air-craft, engineering machinery, war commodities and shipping industries (which calls for immediate production!) are also included. We can see with us the majority of plants for air-craft, engineering machinery and war commodities owned by NAKAJIMA, discharging employees, and waiting quietly for a change of circumstances.
Sabotage carried out as a result of scarcity of raw materials. This is the case with the iron, steel, soda, cement and refining industries. They are continuing to keep themselves intact by retarding production as the supposition that work would result in more loss than ever because production could only expect an early interruption because of limited raw materials.
Sabotage from unstabilized condition of demand and supply. Manufacture of engineering, precision and motive power machinery come under this heading.
Sabotage carried out mainly as a result of the pending condition of national compensation. This ia the cause which would assert itself among most industries as well as in the cases mentioned in the first item. For capitalists, the most favored cause means nothing but the expression of the indecisive character of company management.
Sabotage as a means to evade the law and regulations referring to property tax, etc. This is the most vicious sort of sabotage. Taking into account details of labor, materials and plants, etc., such products as bicycles, watches, radios, leather and rubber goods, carriages, etc., should be amply expected through ordinary channels in the market. That they are as yet scarce in the market ascribes itself to the fact that one makes a large scale heard of such products, finished or unfinished, aiming to raise prices or to anticipate the rise of general commodity prices or has the intention of evading taxation. One cannot deny the presence of the fact. It can be proved also by the fact that the Government is planning the compulsory purchase of concealed goods, and such a tendency,: ie concealing goods, is spreading all through the country. We could declare that this is the most malicious sabotage now being carried out, one that would make the most of the current state of affairs.
ITEM 2 Title, Volume and Value of Exported Goods Relation to the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (Jan.-Dec. 1946) - Tokyo Shimbun - 4 Feb 46. Translator: S. Iwata.
Full Translation:
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Title Stock on December 1945 Whole products January-December 1946 Quantity Consumed throughout JAPAN Whole estimated quantity for export Stock Items New products Sum of exported goods (in 1000 yen)
Raw Silk 75,000 Bales 142,000 Bales 68, 000 Bales 150,000 Bales 49,000 Bales 101,000 Bales 630,000
Tea 1,584,000 lbs. 62,500,000 lbs. 56,250,000 lbs. 9,834,000 lbs. 3,584,000 lbs. 6,250,000 lbs. 56,391
Canned goods 3,617,000 cans 583,000 cans 583,000 cans 57,725
Rabbit Skins 300,000 sheets 3,000,000 sheets 1,000,000 sheets 2,300,000 sheet 300,000 sheets 2,000,000 sheets 23,000
Dried mushrooms 250,000 kan 100,000 kan 150,000 kan 250,000 kan 22,500
Isinglass 50,000 kan 144,000 kan 72,000 kan 122,000 kan 50,000 kan 72,000 kan 18,300
Ginseng 110,000 kin 33,000 kin 77,000 kin 77.000 kin 6,160
Menthol crystals 230,000 kin 150,000 kin 80,000 kin 80,000 kin 5,600
Pyreturus 750,000 kan 680,000 kan 70,000 kan 70,000 kan 1,490
Decorative pearls 750 kan 450 kan 450 kan 15,750
Medical pearls 42 kan 18 kan 60 kan 42 kan 18 kan 4,800
Candles 2,000,000 kin 1,400,000 kin 600,000 kin 600,000 kin 3,900
Leather 3,110 sheets 1,947,000 sheets 260,000 sheets 1,089,710 sheets 3.110 sheets l,086,600 sheets 20,301,90
Shark-fins 50,000 kin 500,000 kin undried 100,000 kin undried 450,000 kin 50,000 kin 400,000 kin 2,250
Dried sea-cucumbers 60,000 kin 1,500,000 kin 750,000 kin 260,000 kin 60,000 kin 200,000 kin 5,200
Toshi 20,000 kin 500,000 kin undried 520,000 kin undried 20,000 kin 500,000 kin 1,580
Dried Sea-ears 50,000 kin 900,000 kin 600,000 kin 180,000 kin 50,000 kin 120,000 kin 2,880
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ECONOMIC SERIES: 264 (Continued)
ITEM 3 Government Stern Rice Control Program Not Very Unpopular - Nippon Sangyo Keizai - 4 Feb 46. (Investigation made by Foodstuff Control Bureau - Shokuryo Kanri Kyoku) Translator: T. Kitagawa.
Full Translation:
Views entertained by farmers on Government stronger control of staple foodstuffs reported to the Food Control Bureau of the Agricltural and Forestry Ministry through heads of 46 Food Inspection agencies are disclosed as follows. Over 40 agencies reported that farmers are supporting the program with a few exceptions who are in doubt of the true meaning of the Government's idea. Three reported that farmers think it is inevitable and the remaining three conveyed the farmers' view that the plan should have been made earlier. There was not a sole agency that reported farmers' complete disapproval. Minorities who disapprove of the measure are reported to have misunderstood that the Government will resort to highly oppressive actions. There are 15 of them. Eight of them opposed because they were opposed to the Governments's empty promises and six of them were reported in disfavor for fear of being utilized for the benefit of a political party. Meanwhile, 25 are of the opinion that the Government measure will not have much effect on the quantity of rice to be delivered. Fifteen are reported to have said it will encourage the delivery.
Thus, on the whole, the program seems to be not very unpopular among farmers and the delivery of rice is not expected to suffer very much.
DISTRIBUTION "X"
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HomePress translations [Japan]. Economic Series 0264, 1946-02-05.
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