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Press translations [Japan]. Economic Series 0250, 1946-02-02.
Supreme Commander for The Allied Powers. Allied Translator and Interpreter Section.

translation-number: economic-1087

call-number: DS801 .S81



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GENERAL HEADQUARTERS
SUPREME COMMANDER FOR THE ALLIED POWERS
ALLIED TRANSLATOR AND INTERPRETER SECTION
PRESS TRANSLATIONS
No. 1087 Date: 2 Feb 46

ECONOMIC SERIES: 250

ITEM 1 Central of the Food Problem by the People: The Course of the Movement - Magazine: Toyo Keizai Shimbun (Weekly) - 26 Jan 46 Issue. Translator; Pfc. Sugihara. K. Asaka.
Summary:
As has been the case in recent months, the collection rice was very small in December. The rice available for distribution was only 23% of that allotted to the people. Since production was so low and distribution methods poor, the people propose establishing their own system to replace the inadequate Government program.
The proponents of a people's plan are numerous in HOKKAIDO. A recent strike at the MIUTA coal mines was due in part to the fact that the workers complained of not getting enough food to do the hard work necessary for running a mine. As a result the local Coal Miners Labor Association (TANKO RODO KUMIAI) stepped in and arranged for more adequate food distribution, so that most of the strikers are now back at work. In SAP[illegible]CHO the SAPPORO Food Control Committee (SAPPORO-SHI-SHI SHOKURYO HANRI IINKAI) contacted the 1ocal farmers directly and succeeded in arranging a suitable rice collection and distribution program. Another enthusiastic backer of the plan for the people to control the food problem in the HOKKAIDO Food Problem Solution Committee (HOKKAIDO SHOKURYO MONDAI KAIKETSU DOMEI) but the real center of agitation for loss bureaucratic Governmental control of food is in the labor associations.
Previously, representatives of Communist labor, agriculture and civil food control organizations met and proposed a coalition with comparable Socialist units for the purpose of hastening the solution of the food problem. The Socialists rejected the proposal; however, they combined with the JAPAN Agricultural Society (NIPPON NOMIK KUMIAI) in a resolution designed to accomplish same purpose.
In KANAGAWA-Ken it was decided at a round table conference that the prefectural labor employee association would control the food problem Here at the JONAN factory in the TOKYO area the factory labor union presented a plan whereby the union would exchange fertilizer and farming tools for food from the farmers.
In movement for popular control of the critical food situation is widespread throughout the nation. However, the movement is but a portent of things to come. The ultimate goal is a people's Government or at least the establishment of a governmental mechanism in which the people wield preponderant power.

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ECONOMIC SERIES: 250 (Continued)
ITEM 2 Committee Members Named For War Industries Indemnity Council - Nippon Sangyo Keizai - 1 Feb 46. Translator: Z. Konishi.
Full Translation:
The Government on 1 February promulgated a new Government organization the Council of Enterprise Management Investigation (KIGYO KEIRI CHOSA IINKAI). This council will discuss problems of indemnity for the losses of war industries which were sustained by various contracts made with the Government during the war. Awaiting the announcement of new members for the Council, the first meeting will be held on about 1 February. The purpose of the organization of the council is to investigate whether indemnities to former munition companies should be paid, as the significance of national indemnity for war industries has an indivisible connection with urgent stops for reconversion to civilian production as well as collection of war profits. Meanwhile public opinion for the abolition of indemnity has also been active.
The Council would start the investigation of actual accounts in each company with representative members named from civilian circles. If indemnity is considered necessary, the policy by which it is to be carried out will be decided on, and, moreover, the expenditure will be estimated.
The new council will consist of a Central Body and eight local bodies. The Central Body is headed by the Minister of Commerce and Industry, while local bodies will be headed by the directors of Commerce and Industry of each local government. Directors of Finance Bureaus of each local government will be appointed as vice-chiefs. By this step, connection with taxation will be achieved and each branch of business will be represented on the Council so as to ensure its smooth function. The above members will start an investigation of the internal situation of each company and factory. However, to make the actual investigation of details of accounts, special committeemen will be named.
Members of the Central Council have been decided informally as follows and as soon as vacancies have been filled the members will be announced in a few days:
Council Members
HASEI, Shin (Secretary to the Cabinet)
IRIE, Toshiro (Vice-Director of Bureau of Legislation)
TOYODA, Toshitake (Vice-Minister of Commerce and Industry)
SUGANAMI, Shoji (Director of Commercial)
MIKI, Akiyoshi (Director of Arrangement)
WADA, Taro (Vice-Director of Arrangement)
YAMADA, Yoshimi (Vice-Minister of Finance)
EZAWA, Shoso (Director of Banking)
NODA, Vichi (Director of Accountant)
IKEDA, Yuzin (Director of Taxation)
HIRAYAMA, Tokashi (Vice-Minister of Transportation)
GONO, Motohide (Director of General Affair)
ATSUKI, Tsunetaro (Director of General Affair of Marine Transportation:
KOHAMA, Hashiro (Vice-Minister of Agriculture and Forestry)
ISHIKAWA, Junkichi (Director of General Affair of Agriculture and Forestry)
KAMITSUKI, Yoshio (Vice-Minister of the First Demobilization)
MORITA, Shinzo (Director of Accountants in the First Demobilization Ministry)
MITO, Ju (Vice-Minister of the Second Demobilization)
YAMAMOTO, Unosuke (Director of Accountants in the Second Demobilization Ministry)
SEKI, Keizo (President of the OSAKA Commerce and Industry Chamber)
AOKI, Kentaro (President of the NAGOYA Commerce and Industry Chamber)
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ECONOMIC SERIES: 250 (Continued)
ITEM 2 (Continued)
WATANABE, Yoshisuki (President of the Iron and Steel Control Association
ISHIKAWA, Yoshiro (President of the Chemical Industry Control Association)
YASUKAWA, Daigoro (President of the Electric Machine Control Association
YAMAGUCHI, Kisaburo (President of the Manufacture Control Association)
TAMAI Kyosuke (President of the Ship Building Federated Association)
MOTONAGA, Shintaro (Former President of the MITSUBISHI Heavy Industrial Company)
ARAKI, Eikichi (President of the Bank of JAPAN)
KAWAKANI, Koichi (President of the Industrial Bank)
NISHIIO, Gen (Member of Bank of Hypothec)
IRIMA[illegible]O, Takeo (President of the Imperial Bank)
OKAlSO, Seigo,(President of the SANWA Bank)
SUZUKI, Shozi (Chief-Director of the Central Association of Damage Insurance)
KOKUDA, Kohei (Chief-Director of the JAPAN Bill Exchange)
ITO, Hanyo (Professor in the TOKYO Commercial College)
TAKASE, Shotaro (Professor in the TOKYO Commercial College)
AZUMA, Sakae (Professor in the TOTYO Imperial University)
ARAKI, Kotaro (former Professor in the TOKYO Imperial University)
ABE, Kenichi (Member of the MAINICHI Newspaper)
TANBA, Hidehaku (Member of the ASAHI Newspaper)
ISHIBASHI, Tozan (Member of the TOYO Economic Magazine)
KOISO, Ritoku (Member of the JAPAN Industrial Economic Paper)
KANEKO, Kiyota (President of the Manufacture Equipment Corporation)
DISTRIBUTION "X"
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HomePress translations [Japan]. Economic Series 0250, 1946-02-02.
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