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Press translations [Japan]. Economic Series 0203, 1946-01-25.
Supreme Commander for The Allied Powers. Allied Translator and Interpreter Section.

translation-number: economic-0931

call-number: DS801 .S81



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GENERAL HEADQUARTERS
SUPREME COMMANDER FOR THE ALLIED POWERS
ALLIED TRANSLATOR AND INTERPRETER SECTION
PRESS TRANSLATIONS
No. 931 Date: 25 Jan 46

ECONOMIC SERIES: 203

ITEM 1 Building Repair Industry in Tokyo - Nippon Sangyo Keizai - 23 January 1946. Translator: R. Aoki.
Full Translation:
In TOKYO at present there are about 1,200 modern permanent buildings burnt out by fire in the air raids of last year. In order to repair these war-damaged buildings, a new construction industry is now growing up.
It is reported that since the new year more than 500 firms of this kind have started and over 20,000 workers are occupied. Names of such big builders and contractors as TAKENAKA, OHAYASHI, SHIMIZU, and OKURA can be found, but some firms are mere cleaners of fire-razed sites, engaging about 10 workers.
Of course, regular building repair work is highly technical and require civil engineers, electricians, plumbers, carpenters, joiners, glass workers, painters, iron smiths, and numerous other technicians and laborers. The daily pay of such workers is said to range somewhere between 30 to 100 yen.
Building repair work involves, besides labor, the difficulty of getting supplies. Consequently, the expenses are high. It is estimated that it costs 1,500 yen to 2,000 yen to repair one taubo (6 sq. shaku) of the floor of a building. But, thanks to the prevalent system of contra the work is progressing speedily. Generally, the repair of one floor requires only 20 days. This being so, the burnt-out buildings in the capital will be repaired more quickly than is generally expected.
ITEM 2 Everyone's Purse is Empty; Cost of Living in Tokyo and Osaka Equally High - Nippon Sangyo Keizai - 23 January 1946. Translator: K. Sato.
Summary:
At the open-air markets flourishing in every quarter, near red light districts and stations, we are able to obtain anything we want. It is now six months since the termination of war, most of our savings and retirement allowances have been spent, and a marked decrease in our purchasing power is noticeable.
According to the survey of 10 January, the total number of open market places amounted to 250 and stores totaled 1767. There we see for sale steamed sweet potatoes, rice cakes, buns, vegetables, fruits, fish, kitchen utensils, cloth, and heaps of articles of all kinds. But the price are exorbitant, and the citizens of TOKYO who have spent their bonuses and retirement allowances to the last sen, cannot afford to buy them.

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ECONOMIC SERIES: 203 (Continued)
ITEM 2 (Continued)
Commodity prices, investigated by the TOKYO Chamber of Commerce and Industry in the middle of December, are as follows:
Grains: Rice — 60 yen per sho; barley — 20 yen per sho; soy beans — 20 yen per sho; wheat flour — 8 yen per 100 momme (59 times highe than the average official price).
Vegetables and Fruits: sweet potatoes — 2 yen per 100 momme; potato 2.50 yen per 100 momme; oranges - 2.98 yen per 100 momme; radishes - sen per 100 momme; carrots and burdocks - 1.75 yen per 100 momme.
Meat: beef — 19 yen per 100 momme; pork — 20 yen per 100 momme; chicken — 21 yen per 100 momme; eggs — 22 yen per 100 momme.
Marine products: mackerel — 10 yen per 100 momme; bonito — 12 yen per 100 momme; sardines — 15 yen per 100 momme; cuttlefish 8 yen per momme.
Seasoning: sugar — 750 yen per kamme; salt — 50 yen per sho; bean paste (MISO) — 7 yen per 100 momme.
Cloth and outfitting; Tabi — 35 yen per pair; wodden clogs - 31.25 yen per pair; shoes — 650 yen per pair; common silk cloth — 370 yen per 1 tan.
Kitchen utensils; toilet paper — 3.10 yen per 100 sheets; brooms — 25 yen each; Japanese writing paper — 2 yen per 20 sheets; bowls — 9 yen a piece; kettles — 153 yen a piece.
According to the investigation of household expenses in 110 families made by the OSAKA Chamber of Commerce and Industry in November, expense for food occupied 35.8 per cent to 84.3 percent of the total expenditure. Of all the food expenses, five percent was for rationed food, 52 percent was for food obtained from the black market, and 43 percent was for things obtained by barter.
Rate of expenditure against income is 8.5 times at maximum and 3.4 tin at minimum. Most of this deficit is being covered with savings or money obtained by selling clothes and other things.
Living expenses per head are 88.23 yen at the lowest, and 542 yen at the highest. The following examples will show the household economy:
Case A: Head of family, teacher (age 42), wife (32), daughter (9), first son (5), second son (3), (five family, members). Total income 2,560 yen.
Items Yen
Income from personal services 450.00
Other income 75.00
Side work 16.50
Gifts 410.50
Withdrawal of savings 1,000.00
Loans 300.00
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ECONOMIC SERIES: 203 (Continued)
ITEM 2 (Continued)
Money obtained by selling personal belongings 75.00
Bartered goods 229.00
Total expenditures 2,560.00 Yen.
Item Yen
Food 2.058.36
Clothing 11.30
Water, light & heat 5.40
Hygiene and sanitation expenses 38.50
Expenses for culture [illegible]amusements 12.00
Transportation 100.00
Tax 40.43
Savings 8.70
House rent 23.00
Others 137.50
Monthly living expense per head is 487.04 yen.
Case B: Head of family (58), company employee, wife (53), second son (29), second son's wife (26), (4 family members).
Total income —- 1,319.23 yen.
Item Yen
Income from personal services 335.00
Gifts 303.00
Money gotten by selling or bartering personal belongings 83.35
Bartered goods 100.00
Decrease in case at hand 497.88
Total expenditures — 1,319.23 yen.
Items Yen
Food 1,112.18
Clothing 0.93
Water, light, & heat 4.83
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ECONOMIC SERIES: 203 (Continued)
ITEM 2 (Continued)
Furniture & fixtures 1.30
Expenses for hygene & sanitation 3.13
Expenses for Culture & amusements 8.30
Luxury 46.74
Transportation expenses 32.70
Social expenses 83.35
Tax 1.77
House rent 24.00
Monthly living expenses per head are 329.81 yen in this case
DISTRIBUTION "X"
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HomePress translations [Japan]. Economic Series 0203, 1946-01-25.
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