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Press translations [Japan]. Economic Series 0160, 1946-01-14.
Supreme Commander for The Allied Powers. Allied Translator and Interpreter Section.

translation-number: economic-0760

call-number: DS801 .S81



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GENERAL HEAD QUARTERS
SUPREM ECOMMANDER FOR THE ALLIED POWERS
ALLIED TRANSLATOR AND INTERPRETER SECTION
PRESS TRANSLATIONS
No. 760 Date: 14 Jan 46

ECONOMIC SERIES: 160

ITEM 1 Coal Output In December 843,000 Tons - 300,000 Tons Higher Than Preceding Month - Nippon Sangyo Keizai - 12 Jan 46. Translator: H. Sato.
Summary:
The outline of the overall coal situation in JAPAN was revealed on the 10th by the Coal Control Association as follows: Coal output during the month of December totals approximately 843,000 tons and has shown 300,000 tons increase compared with the preceding month, yet it is one-third of the output of July. For 80 days after the termination of the war, it showed steady decline, and it was only 162,000 tons for each ten days in the beginning and the middle of November. But it [illegible]is noteworthy that it is recovering and has reached twice the amount after 40 days.
Coal supply in January is estimated at 1,120,000 tons (lowest estimation). But this amount of supply will hardly meet the minimum public demand. Coal demand in the year of 1946 is estimated at 30,000,000 tons, and a requirement of 5,000,000 tons will be added yearly, so that in the year 1949 the coal requirements will reach 45,000,000 tons. Of course, this figure must be modified according to the condition of the reparations and the reconstruction plan. Although there had been a scanty supply of coal in stock, it was soon depleted. Due to this shortage of coal supply during the past three months, every industry is now in the worst condition. In consideration of the present state of unemployment and the present infavorable condition of necessities of life, we must have the supply of coal so that the industrial restoration may be started as early as possible.
The condition of labor service suddenly turned favorably in the month of December. The total number of new employees in the coal mines of JAPAN in November was 16,000 persons, and in December, it was 48,000, though there were dismissals of 9500 in November and 14,000 in December. At any rate it showed an increase of 30,000 by the end of December, and the sum total of laborers in JAPAN at that time amounted to 232,310.
The following table shows the labor turnover by district during the month of December:
COMNG IN GOING OUT NUMBER OF LABORERS AT END OF MONTH
HOKKAIDO 5,675 13,899 47,595
East (TOBU) 7,888 1,161 28,796
West (SEIBU) 3,381 984 15,917
KYUSHU 30,939 9,274 140,002
TOTAL 47,883 25,318 232,310

(Note, In the case of HOKKAIDO, in the figure of "going out" Koreans and Chinese were included.)

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ECONOMIC SERIES: 160 (Continued)
ITEM 1 (Continued)
The recruiting of such a large number of laborers in a short period of time is unparallelled. The point is now stressed that in future recruitment of laborers, those young men who can bear the mining work and have a strong will to work in the mines for a long time must be selected.
Postwar coal output for every 10-day period by district (unit 1,000 tons):
HOKKAIDO EAST (TOBU) WEST (SEIBU) KYUSHU TOTAL
AUGUST
Last 10 days
200 25 26 125 376
SEPTEMBER
First 10 days
160 24 10 162 356
SEPTEMBER
Middle 10 days
158 30 10 103 301
SEPTEMBER
Last 10 days
130 28 3 72 233
OCTOBER
First 10 days
101 30 7 77 215
OCTOBER
Middle 10 days
78 26 7 76 187
OCTOBER
Last 10 days
52 20 5 114 191
NOVEMBER
First 10 days
50 22 8 82 162
NOVEMBER
Middle 10 days
42 24 8 88 162
NOVEMBER
Last10 days
59 32 12 122 135
DECEMBER
First 10 days
56 31 13 112 212
DECEMBER
Middle 10 days
71 45 18 145 279
DECEMBER
Last 10 days
84 54 25 189 352
TOTAL OF DECEMBER 211 130 56 446 843

REFERENCE COAL OUTPUT OF DECEMBER OF PAST 5 YEARS
YEAR HOKKAIDO EAST WEST KYUSHU TOTAL
1944 1,229 287 355 2,537 4,408
1943 1,379 392 441 2,853 5,065
1942 1,410 356 386 2,843 4,995
1941 1,361 312 417 2,797 4,887
1940 1,363 358 426 2,882 5,029
Contrast between estimation of coal demand and coal supply plan for January (unit 1,000 tons):
KINDS OF INDUSTRY MONTHLY DEMAND IN 1946 BASED ON YEARLY REQUIREMENT OF 3,000,000 TONS MONTHLY DEMAND OF UTMOST NECESSITY MINIMUM COAL SUPPLY ESTIMATION IN JANUARY MAXIMUM COAL SUPPLY ESTIMATION IN JANUARY
EXPORT 83 88 88 88
FOR ALLIED FORCES 102 102
CONSUMPTION AT COAL MINE 208 195 212 232

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ECONOMIC SERIES: 160 (Continued)
ITEM 1 (Continued)
KINGS OF INDUSTRYLY MONTH DEMANDS IN 1946 BASED ON YEARLY REQUIREMENT OF 3,000,000 TONS MONTH DEMAND OF UTMOST NECESSITY MINIMUM COAL SUPPLY ESTIMATION IN JANUARY MAXIMUM GOAL SUPPLY ESTIMATION IN JANUARY
TRANSPORTATION 685 583 460 495
STEEL 310 100 28 42
GAS COKES 150 100 41 50
CHEMICAL INDUSTRY 222 167 *65 *90
HEATER COOKERY BATH 208 132 @60 @100
MINING and REFINING 12 10
SHIPBUILDING and MACHINE 20 20
METAL WORKS 14 13
CERAMICS 130 67
GENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER 17 20
LIQUID FUEL 47 17
TEXTILE INDUSTRY 143 100
FOOD INDUSTRY 123 100
BRIQUETTE CHARCOAL BALLS 58 20
GOVERNMENT OFFICE and PUBLIC OFFICE 50 17
OTHERS 20 51 63 122
TOTAL 2,500 1,800 1,120 1,321
NOTES:
Mark * indicates the supply of coal only to the factory of ammonium sulphate.
Mark @ indicates the coal supply for HOKKAIDO only.

DISTRIBUTION "X"
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HomePress translations [Japan]. Economic Series 0160, 1946-01-14.
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