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Press translations [Japan]. Economic Series 0135, 1946-01-07.
Supreme Commander for The Allied Powers. Allied Translator and Interpreter Section.

translation-number: economic-0654

call-number: DS801 .S81



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GENERAL HEADQUARTERS
SUPREME COMMANDER FOR THE ALLIED POWERS
ALLIED TRANSLATOR AND INTERPRETER SECTION
PRESS TRANSLATIONS
No. 654 Date: 7 Jan 46

ECONOMIC SERIES: 135

ITEM 1 Lumbering Situation In AKITA-Ken - Tokyo Shimbun - 5 January 1946 - Translator: Y. Kurata.
Summary:
With the aim of constructing temporary shelters for war victims, 70,000 koku of lumber, consisting chiefly of thin boards, and half the projected amount of lumber amounting to 80,000 koku, have already arrived in TOKYO from AKITA-Ken, one of the greater lumber production centers in JAPAN. Despite the deep snowfall, farmers in this area, taking advantage of their leisure season, are now making strenuous efforts to convert forests into lumber. Lumber cut down there averages about two in diameter and 70 feet in height (the biggest size is about four feet in diameter and 100 feet high). It is being transported, either by sliding on a snow surface or by loading on sledges, to relay factories, and then finally to the mouth of NOSHIRO River on large rafts. There the NOSHIRO Lumber Manufacturing Plant (NOSHIRO SEIZAI KOJO) is in full operation with a great annual productive capacity of 20,000,000 koku. From this plant, the lumber is sent directly to TOKYO by freight train.
There are two great bottlenecks in lumber production, however. First is the food situation, the supply of which is insufficient for the lumbermen. This results either in their long-term absence to hunt food, or in their becoming black market operators in order to cope with the present higher prices. Second is the recent drastic cut in railway transportation on account of the coal shortage.
In addition to these, there is still a severe shortage of parts and material for lumber equipment such as ball-bearings, ropes, belts, and sawa. Therefore, we must, above all, break these bottlenecks as soon as possible so as to promote the work of rebuilding.
Mr. AIZAWA, President of the Provincial Lumber Company (CHIHO SEIZAI KAISHA), said that, under present conditions, what is needed is to abolish lumber control immediately and, at the same time, establish free enterprise in the lumber industry. Such steps certainly bid fair to the increased production of lumber, while setting up the self-governing co-operative prices in every area.
Opinion is gaining ground in this area that, to break the stalemate on lumber, there is no alternate but to rely upon the Government's power.
ITEM 2 Producing Condition of Fertilizer - The Tokyo Shimbun - 5 Jan 46. Translator: R Shibata.
Full translation:
Last year, Minister of Agriculture and Forestry, MATSUMURA promised a bright outlook for the food situation. He said, "The production of fertilizer is expected to be 600,000 tons in 1945 and 2,000,000 tons in 1946. It appears, therefore, that the climax of the food crisis will be

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ECONOMIC SERIES: 135 (Continued)
ITEM: 2 (Continued)
next spring, the period between harvest seasons. Thereafter, the situation will improve. In 1947, the rice crop will return to normalcy, if the weather is favorable."
But what is the situation, present and future, regarding the production of fertilizer? The production in 1945 was:
Ammonium sulphate - 252,000 tons
Nitrate of lime - 76,000 tons
Total nitrogenious fertilizer - 328,000 tons
Superphosphate of lime ————————————- 12,000 tons
High-power metamorphosed lime (KODO KASEI) —- 1,000 tons
Special metamorphosed lime (TOKU[illegible]HUKASEI) —- 45,000 tons
Thomas phosphate ——————————————— 11,000 tons
Total of phosphate fertilizer —————— 55,000(sic) tons
The production in 1946 is scheduled to be:
Ammonium sulphate ————— 600,000 tons
Lime nitrate ———————- 160,000 tons
Total ———————————- 760,000 tons
Superphosphate of lime ——- 600,000 tons
The present principal plants for ammonium sulphate production are:
NAME OF PLANTS YEARLY PRODUCTIVE CAPACITY
The SUNAKAWA Factory of the Oriental
High Tension Wire Co. (TOYO KOATSU) 50,000 tons
The HACHINOHE Factory of the NITTO
Chemical Co. (NITTO KAGAKU) Industry 35,000 tons
The AKITA Factory of the TOHOKU Fertilizer
Mfg. Co. (TOHOKU HIRYO) 30,000 tons
The TOYAMA Factory of the SHOWA
Electric Industry Co. (SHOWA PENKO) 100,000 tons
The TOYAMA Factory of the NIPPOM
Chemical Industry Co. (NIPPON KAGAKU) 500,000 tons
The NAGOYA Factory of the TOA Synthetic
Chemical Industry Co. (TOA GOSEI) 60, 000 tons
The ARAIHAMA Factory of the SUMITOKO
Chemical Industry Co. (SUMITOKO KAGSKU) 40, 000 tons
The UBE Factory of the NISSAN
Chemical Industry Co. (Nissan KAGAKU) 150, 000 tons
The KIKOSHIMA Factory of the Oriental
High Tension Wire Co. (TOYO KOATSU) 70,000 tons
The KUROZAKI Factory of the MITSUBISHI
Chemical Industry Co. (MIBISHIKASEI) 68,000 tons
The OKUDA Factory of the Oriental
High Tension Wire Co. (TOYO KOATSU) 226,000 tons
The NOBEOKA Factory of the Nippon
Nitrogen Mfg. Co. (NIPPON CHISSO) 40,000 tons

Besides these plants, the Naval and Military Fuel Arsenals in YOKKAICHI, TOKUYAMA and IWAKUNI are now being converted for the production of ammonium sulphate. The conversion is expected to take about one and a half years, After the completion, it in estimated that their yearly productive capacity will be about 200,000 teas. The actual production of the above factories is now generally below their productive capacity. Above all, the equipment of the fertilizer factories is old, many of them have suffered great damage from the war, and the scanty coal supply is troubling them.
Therefore, the first requisite for fertilizer production is to supply these fertilizer factories with basic materials, such as coal and coke, as far as the coal situation permits, and at the same time to make efforts to restore war-damages factories by preferential distribution of repairing materials.
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ECONOMIC SERIES: 135 (Continued)
ITEM 2 (Continued)
But more important than these counter-measures will be the settlement of the financial difficulties with which the fertilizer factories are confronted at present. The financiers are extremely cautious of lending money because of the poor prospects of fertilizer production due to the reparations problem. On account of this, it is an actual fact that fertilizer industrialists are troubled by the lack of funds with which to restore their factories, despite their present need for funds of at least four billion yen.
Therefore, the Government decided at the Cabinet meeting at the end of last year to take measures to make financiers accomodate fertilizer producers with the necessary funds. It was decided that, hereafter, finance will be dealt with through the Industrial Bank of JAPAN.
We say here again that the Minister's promise to increase the distribution of fertilizer to farmers depends upon the smooth procurement of funds, securing of materials for repair and a full supply of coal and coke.
DISTRIBUTION "X"
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HomePress translations [Japan]. Economic Series 0135, 1946-01-07.
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