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Press translations [Japan]. Economic Series 0115, 1945-12-31.
Supreme Commander for The Allied Powers. Allied Translator and Interpreter Section.

translation-number: economic-0577

call-number: DS801 .S81



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GENERAL HEADQUARTERS
SUPREME COMMANDER FOR THE ALLIED POWERS
ALLIED TRANSLATOR AND INTERPRETER SECTION
PRESS TRANSLATIONS
No. 577 Date: 31 Dec 45

ECONOMIC SERIES: 115

ITEM 1 Increased Production [illegible],: Pigs and Fowl - Provincial Newspaper Hyuga Nichinichi (Niyazaki) - 21 Dec 45. Translator: T. Mitsuhashi.
Full Translation:
To make she best of this food situation, the MIYAZAKI-SHI Agricultural Association (NOGYO KAI) is encouraging stockbreeding in that district. The following plan was formed at its 19 December consultation meeting at which more than twenty experts attended.
To achieve increased production of cattle, bulls wild be properly distributed, and cows will be registered in a cow register so as to control their transfer. In addition to dairymen, every farmer will breed a few cattle for the dairy to meet a shortage of fodder and to produce fertilizer for home use. A Dairy Union (NYUGYU KUMIAI) will be organized under the supervision of the Agricultural Association.
MIYAZAKI-SPI was once prominent in pig breeding in the MIYAZAKI- Prefecture, but is now in such a poor position that only a "twenty level" of pigs is being bred due to the war. This will be increased to 300 as the first steps towards its increased production are taken. As fodder, remaining scraps of meal obtained from the Allied Troops, and less obtained in the processing of wheat gluten, will be utilized. Poultry will also be encouraged to produce eggs and to provide chicken for the table.
ITEM 2 Okayama City-[illegible]lan[illegible]Set Up By The [illegible]ew [illegible]ayor Hashimoto - Provincial Newspaper Ohugoku Shimbun (Hiroshina) - 20 Dec 45. Translator: H. Shindo.
Full translation:
A devastated city, OKAYAMA, will reconstruct itself on a program made by its new mayor, HASHINOTO.
There will be a green zone made at the basin of the ASAHI River, which runs through the city, and there will be a driveway set up along the River.
The roads will be widened 80 meters. Streetcars now run on this road from OKAYAMA Station up to the intersection in the front of the OKAYAMA Castle. In addition to this, there is a plan proposed to divide the street into sections for high speed vehicles, and a section for low speed vehicles.
A loop line will be built around the city.
The shopping center, SHI-SAIDAI[illegible]I-DORI and 7 [illegible]AYA [illegible]-DORI, will be widened.
The OKAYAMA Prison, located at present in FU[illegible]SUKAIC[illegible]I-Cho, will be transferred to the suburbs.



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ECONOMIC SERIES: 115 (Continued)

ITEM 2 (Continued)
Every railway line which runs through the southern part from ASAHIKAWA Bridge in the City will be made into an elevated line.
Another green zone of 40,000 tsubo in area will set around the site of the OTOMO Girls' School, located in about the center of the city. Within the green zone will he built a new OKAYAMA Municipal Office.
A wholesale market of first grade vegetables and fish is expected to be constructed on the basin. A wholesale market will be opened on the site of the former devastated Municipal Office.
In residential sections in the outskirts of the city, there will be roads, 6 meters wide. There will be no roads less than 6 meters wide in the whole city in the future.
ITEM 3 Serious Economic and Social Problems in Japan - Tokyo Shimbun - 26 Dec 45. Translator: K. Yasuo.
Summary:
Since the end of the war JAPAN has been confronted with various kinds of problems. They are now becoming more and more serious as the end of this year draws near. For instance, there is a dramatic story full of [illegible]aduess about a "living war ghost", who was believed dead in IWO JIMA, came back home suddenly, and found his wife married to his younger brother. Throughout, the country epidemics are threatening war victims, who are bordering on starvation and are suffering from malnutrition. At the same time, considerable amounts of necessary commodities are being traded through black market dealings. These prices are beyond the reach of the masses.
Traffic bottlenecks and traffic accidents are making the situation worse, and robbery and murder cases are increasing. Along with such social end economic chaos, the inflation is threatening all Japanese livelihood by becoming more serious. Under the present situation, no one can enter a hospital for less than 10,000 yen. Moreover, we must pay more than 2,000 yen for a single funeral service.
Such are the true social and economic conditions in JAPAN.
ITEM 4 Draft For Pay Bill Progressing - Nippon Sangyo Keizai - 28 Dec 45. Translator: Z. Konishi.
Summary:
Dr. ASHIDA, Minister of Welfare, has explained the following items at the gubernaterial meeting held on 27 December l945:
"Because of the urgency of the situation in our country, 'The Urgent Aid to the Poor Law' (SEIKATSU KONKYU SEA KINKYU SEIKATSU ENGO YOKO) has been enacted. When it is enforced however, monetary support will be avoided, but material support will be carried out for the poor. Various bills in this connection are now under consideration to meet the new situation.
"The transportation of about one million Koreans would be finished by the end of February 1946, but about 30,000 Formosans, are scheduled to be transported in a few months. The repatriation of Chinese laborers has almost been completed.
This law should be enacted by 1 February, Attention should be paid
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ECONOMIC SERIES: 115 (Continued)
ITEM: 4 (Continued)
to the functions of the committee provided for in the Law. Some recognition should he given to the laborers who are responsible for the reconstruction of the industries of new JAPAN. Because of the dominant role labor plays in forming the new JAPAN its problems are expected to be solved soon.
"The present economic situation forced the fundamental revision of the payment system during the War. A draft for the new payment bill is now under consideration by the Ministery of Welfare. An emergency disposal laborer's pay is to be managed as follows:
For laborers working in metal mines or common factories, the average wage is 18 yen per man for pit-miners, 10 yen per man for out-miners, except coal miners, whose 80 per cent raise already has been decided. Common laborers, not including day laborers, wages will be raised to about 100 yen per month. A family man's wage will be raised from 5 yen to 20 yen.
ITEM 5 About 700 Acres Are Made Available to Demobilized Soldiers - Nippon Sangyo Keizai - 28 Dec 45. Translator: R. Shibata.
Full Translation:
Leading in opening of agricultural lands to the public, Mr. FUJITA, the largest land owner in all the country, has this time decided to make available, to demobilized soldiers, part of his land for cultivation. The land to be given will be 300 chobu (about 735 acres) out of all his total land of 600 chobu (about 1,470 acres). This will include zone 6 of the reclaimed land at KOJIMA Bay in OKAYAMA Prefecture. The area per capita will be one chobu (about 2.45 acres), and the claim for cultivation may be made on and after 1 May of next year. In addition, the FUJITA GUMI Company, will render a service for capable persons to build dwelling houses.
ITEM 6 The New Tax will Be Composed Of Three Items - Nippon Sangyo Keizai - 28 Dec 45. Translator: K. Sato.
Full Translation:
The Finance Ministry is hastening to draft the bill for the property tax and the wartime income tax, based upon the directive issued by Allied Headquarters on 25 November, and it expects to present it to the Allied Headquarters on 31 December. This bill is composed of three items, the property tax, the individual wartime income tax, and the corporate wartime income tax.
When the bill is returned from the Allied Headquarters after its approval, the Government will introduce it to the special session of the Diet to be held next February. The total income of all these taxes is estimated by the Allied Forces at 100,000,000,000 yen, but the Japanese Government doubted whether that will be realized at first. However, after making a thorough study of its methods, the authorities concerned have decided to raise more than 100,000,000,000 yen.
ITEM 7 Serious Situation Of Marine Products Market - Yomiuri Hochi - 28 Dec 45. Translator: S. Kinoshita.
Summary:
With the removal of official control, marine products appeared in the market but soon disappeared. Unrestrained bidding subsequetly followed the removal and then they slipped out of legitimate channels. They
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ECONOMIC SERIES: 115 (Continued)
ITEM 7 (Continued)
have fallen into the hands of black marketeers. In the KANTO and TOKAI Districts, marine products have totally disappeared from public markets moreover, they are being sold by street venders at double or triple normal wholesale prices. If this situation remains unchecked, it is feared that the public fish markets will become hopelessly insolvent before long and distribution of marine products will be stopped for the general public.
For example SENJU branch office of the TOKYO Marine Products Control Company (TOKYO SUISANBUTSU TOSEI KAI SHA) has become inactive lately because most of the partners retired from the office. On the other hand, an improvised fish shop has been built quite close to the company's house. The new shop deals in marine products obtained directly from fishing centers of the CHOSHI District transported by truck. The service is at black market prices. To our amagement, it was a group of some of retired partners of the company who built the new shop.
Similar cases are seen everywhere in TOKYO. More than 30 wholesalers associated with the TSUKIJI Public Fish Market are said to be busy bargaining with black marketeers, while the market itself has been almost inactive. Unless drastic measures are taken by the Government, the problem over the control companies and black marketeers will be seriously aggravated.
In this connection, Mr. KIMINO SAN-NOSUKE, a wholesaler in marine products at TSUKIJI Market, said that the present serious situation is a consequency of the Government's utterly unreasonable control systems, and that the best way to get rid of it is to create a new market organization. This will include all the previous wholesalers as well as street venders, replacing the existing TOKYO Marine Products Control Company. His plan, he said, is opposed by the big shareholders of the existing company.
On the other hand, the officials of the TOKYO Marine Products Control Company blame the Government authorities who removed the controls suddenly without considering the consequences. They expect the proper measures to be taken by the Government so that the producers will be supplied with oil and other fishing materials and then their products will be disposed of through legitimate channels.
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