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Press translations [Japan]. Economic Series 0091, 1945-12-21.
Supreme Commander for The Allied Powers. Allied Translator and Interpreter Section.

translation-number: economic-0440

call-number: DS801 .S81

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No.440 Date: 21 Dec 45


ITEM 1 NIIGATA Harbor to be Dredged - Now Only 4. Meters Deep at Wharves. - Provincial Newspaper Niigata Shimbun. (NIIGAMA) - 15 Dec 45. Translator: T. Ukai.
Full Trans1ation:
NIIGATA harbor, which last winter suffered from floods as a result of several successive heavy snowfalls is now blocked by sand piles. At the passage to the prefecturally managed wharves, the depth is no more than four meters. The harbor is to be cleared by large scale dredges by the prefectural authorities at an expense of 1,700,000 yen.
However, the authorities face many difficulties, and may not be able to afford these repairs alone, owing to lack of financial resources. They have therefore applied to the Home Ministry for financial aid to cover the expense. They have also asked the railway authorities concerned to submit a detailed report on the actual condition of the harbor to the Government on behalf of the prefecture. The prefectural authorities have been delayed for some time, however, because of mines which have not been cleared. Work on the harbor is to begin on. 1 January.
ITEM 2 Demands of Employees Thoroughly Justified, Labor Dispute of MICHIDEN Settled. - Provincial Newspaper Kahoku Shimbun (SENDAI) - 15 Dec 45. Translator: T. Ukai.
Full Translation:
The labor dispute at the JAPAH Electric Industry Co., Ltd. (NICHI- DEN KO GYO KABUSHIKAISHA), which started 10 December and involved 600 employees who demanded increases in wages and better treatment, was satisfactorily settled on 14 December through the mediation of Mr. SASAKI, chief of the committee of the Prefecture League of Labor Unions (KENRENSO DOMEI). The workers, members of the MIYAGI Prefecture Labor Union League, had called a general meeting on 13 December and because of the insincerity shown by the directorship had decided to go on strike, but the dispute was finally settled.
The settlement agreed on by both Mr. MASUTSU, Matsuo, managing director and representative of the company and NAGANUMA, Chiyo, chief of the union shows total compliance with the demands of the employees:
Increased pay of 100 per cent of regular salary plus bonus paid for actual labor on revised principle, equivalent to 50 per cent of regular salary.
No deductions in pay for lateness or leaving early. For this purpose the month will be divided into three periods, and the period of grace will extend to one hour twice in each period.

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ECONOMIC SERIES: 9l ( Continued)

ITEM 2 (Continued)
Housing allowance of 15 yen to be paid monthly to those whose daily wages are more than three yen; ten yen to those whose daily wages are less then three yen; five yen for those who have no dependents.
The second and fourth Sundays are to be admitted as holidays and to be fully paid, provided that the Saturday and Monday of the relative week are not made holidays. If they are, they will not he paid for. But when work is done on holidays, all allowances together with regular salary are to be fully paid.

Staff (Office Workers, etc.)
100 per cent increased pay of regular salary.
Extraordinary allowance of 50 per cent of monthly salary.
Attendance allowance: ten yen for the staff, for others seven yen.
Service allowance (KIMU TEATE): 45 yen for the staff, 36 yen for others; 27 yen for female staff, 24 yen for .junior female staff; for absence, l/30 decrease per day; irregular attendance more than 30 days, wholly unpayable.
Family allowance: 10 yen per one member of the family to re supported.
Housing allowance: monthly 20 yen to those who have family to support.
Bonus: to be paid at unchanged rate applied to salary.
Retirement allowance: on the basis of regular salary heretofore.
Other Matters
Rationed articles are to be distributed through consumers' cooperative (SHOHI KUMIAI); account books are to be free of access to everyone.
Goods concealed at the termination of the war are to be disposed of co-operatively.
Persons hurt in the course of work are entitled to full average pay of the three months previous, besides a sum of temporary pay.
ITEM 3 TOKUSHIMA Factory Union Formed - The Provincial "Tokushima" - l6 Dec 45. Translator: R. Shibata.
Full Translation:
Taking the lead of other factories, the formation ceremony of the labor union in the TOKUSHIMA Industry Co. (TOKUSHIMA KOGYO) was held at 1300 of the 14th at the said company. Mr. TAMURA, spokesman of the union founders, announced the union will be supported by all the employees, Mr. OTAWI, Sikio was selected as chief of the representative committee. After Mr. TAKEHISA, factory manager, stated his greetings, the ceremony ended. The factory is now very busy with ship-building and the manufacture of prefabricated dwellings. Thus, the factory has started work vigorously with the cooperation of 500 members of the union.
The platform of the union:
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ECONOMIC SERIES: 91 Continued)
ITEM 3 (Continued)
We intend to observe the POTSDAM Declaration faithfully and maintain the Emperor System based on democracy, thus contributing to world peace and human welfare.
We intend to make our efforts in the industry where our responsibility lies, and will strive to increase production by united agriculture, industry and commerce in one body as well as by co-operation between labor and capital. Thus we intend to contribute to the construction to of a new JAPAN.
Knowing that liberalism or democracy makes its thorough development only by the perfection of the character of each individual, we intend to reject any personal profit and attain the true aim of co-partnership.
ITEM 4 Forecast of the Financial Situation at the End of the Year - Nippon Sangyo Keizai Shimbun - 18 Dec 45. Translator: S. Kinoshita.
Bank of JAPAN note issues reached a little more than 50,100,000,000 yen on 15 December, with daily increases of 100 million to 200 million yen since the beginning of the month. Unprecedented expansion of currency is anticipated for the year end.
Deposits in civilian banks show no increase this month as compared with last month. On the other hand, civilian banks had huge reserves available in order to provide for the withdrawals by the people for living expenses or for avoiding the property tax. In view of these circumstances, it is predicted that advances by the Bank of JAPAN will reach 32,200,000,000 yen by the middle of December and about 35 billion yen by the year's end
The huge amount disbursed by the Government during the war at the end of every year, will not be seen this year. These amounts were already almost entirely paid up soon after the war ended. The Government's disbursements expected for the end of this year amount to about 800 million yen for interest on government bonds, 400 million yen for miscellaneous subsidies, and 400 million yen for other expenditures. As for postal savings, no clear estimate is possible at present.
In view of these circumstances, it is predicted that the decline in Government disbursements will offset the probab1e huge expansion of currency, and therefore there is no need for us to be apprehensive of the appearance of vicious inflation. On the contrary, the ratio of expansion of currency is expected to show a certain tendency to decrease.
ITEM 5 JAPAN Can Manufacture Over 5,600,000 Metric Tons .of Iron and 157.000 Straw-bags of Raw Silk - Sangyo Keizai - 18 Dec, 45. Translator: S. Iwata.
Full Translation:
The following is a report of Japanese industrial productive capacity submitted by the Japanese Government to the American Reparations Committee on 15 December and covers several of the twenty four items of the original report:
JAPAN will be able to export 157,000 bales of raw silk by December 1947. At present, 160 silk factories are capable of commencing operation.
The shipyards in JAPAN now have shipbuilding facilities for 176 ships and 2,000 boats.

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ECONOMIC SERIES: 91 (Continued)

ITEM 5 (Continued)
Parts for telephones are now made by 22 factories. During the war 25 per cent of JAPAN's telephones and telephone equipment was destroyed.
There are eight aluminum factories in KOREA and FORMOSA and five partially constructed factories in KOREA, MANCHURIA, and NORTH CHINA.
JAPAN has 22 oil wells and 143 coal mines, but in 1945 coal production was cut in half because of shortage of labor and raw materials.
JAPAN had 37 steel furnaces just after the war ended and a productive capacity of 5,6l3,000 metric tons a years. There are 10 iron foundries belonging to eight companies and 623 steel foundries belonging to 422 companies.
JAPAN has 39 copper factories, 11 brass factories, and 40 aluminum factories.
JAPAN has 1,898 electric power stations operated by water or coal power, which produced 13,456,488 kilowatts of electricity and 4l metric tone of magnesium by August, 1945.

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HomePress translations [Japan]. Economic Series 0091, 1945-12-21.
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