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Press translations [Japan]. Economic Series 0064, 1945-12-14.
Supreme Commander for The Allied Powers. Allied Translator and Interpreter Section.

translation-number: economic-0319

call-number: DS801 .S81

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No. 319 Date: 14 Dec 45


ITEM 1 200,000 superior Young Mulberry Trees from FUKUOKA Prefecture - Nagasaki shimbun - 3 Dec 45. Translator: S. Iwata.
Full Translation:
The MINAMI TAKAKI gun Branch of the NAGASAKI AGRICULTURE SOCIETY is to buy 200,000 superior young mulberry trees from the district of TANUSHIMARU, UKIHA-GUN, FUKUOKA-KEN, This is the only method, for starting the sericulture program in MINAMI TAKAKI gun which is dependent upon the expansion of mulberry farms. The amount shipped this year to other prefectures is about 500,000 trees from the district of TANUSHI MARU, and of these about 30,000 trees are to be sent to OITA and SAGA prefectures though their agricultural society had originally asked for about 300,000 trees. Nevertheless, the receipt of the 200,000 trees is welcomed by the MINAMI TAKAKI gun Sericulture Association.
ITEM 2 Creation of Landowner Farming System Unpopular in TOHOKU District - Kahoku Shimbun - 5 Dec 45. Translator: H. Shindo.
Full Translation:
The farm land system reform problem is of keenest interest to farmers in the TOHOKU district. The creation of landowning farmers, the key-point of the reform, has been attracting the attention of farmers in this district less than in other, where there may be more frequent damage from unfavorable weather condition.
Although the Government encouraged farmers to create landowner farming systems during the war, progress has been slow. The SENDAI Branch of the Central Agriculture Banking Co-operation loaned money totalling 5,977,170 yen to formers during the period from April to October 1945, indicating.
At a glance into the list, there is a, relative decrease of fund loan in each of six prefectures of this district and an increase in one, MIYAGI-Ken. In MIYAGI-Ken the creation of landowning farmers was less understandable to farmers. There is a stimulated desire to create the system. This results in the prefectural agriculture association's loan amounting to 1,300,000 yen.
List of Laons from the Central Agriculture Banking Co-operation in each prefecture of TOHOKU District:

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ECONOMIC SERIES: 64 (Continued)
ITEM 2 (Continued)
During the period from April to October in 1945. (unit yen) During the period from April to October in 1944.
AOMORI-Ken 1,285,000 1,371,370
IWATE-Ken 513,820 1,024,553
MIYAGI-Ken 1,927,180 231,900
AKITA-Ken 661,070 970,800
YAMAGATA-Ken 970,090 1,382,l40
FUKUSHIMA-Ken 619,200 757,300
ITEM 3 The Latest situation of in Fertilizer Products - Nippon sangyo Keizai - 9 Dec 45. Translator: S. Iwata.
Full Translation:
According to a report form the Agriculture and Forestry Ministry to the Diet on 8 December, the latest figures and estimates for fertilizer production (in tons) are:
Nitrogenous Fertilizers
Years 1944 1945 1946
Type Fertilizer
Ammonium Sulphate 964,000 252,000 600,000
Nitrous lime 162,000 76,000 l60,000
TOTAL amount converted into Nitrogenous Fertilizer 1,126,000 328,000 760,000
Phosphate Fertilizers
Years 1944 1945 1946
Type Fertilizer
Superphosphate of lime 112,000 12,000 600,000
High degrees Metamosphic fertilizer 5,000 1,000
Special metamosphic fertilizer 173,000 45,000
Tome's Phosphatic fertilizer 66,000 11,000
Total amount converted into superphosphate of lime. 304,000 55,500 600,000
ITEM 4 l80,000 Kan of SHIZUOKA Tea to be Exported as Payment for Imports - Nippon Sangyo Keizai - 10 Dec 45. Translator: H. Shindo.
SHIZUOKA green tea will be taken across the sea as a collateral commodity for food imports by the end this year. Green tea with which the Trading Co-operation (BOEKI EIDAN) will deal, will total 180,000 Kan (one kan equals 3.75 kilogram), of all grades of tea.
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ECONOMIC SERIES: 64 (Continued)
ITEM 4 (Continued)
In SHIZUOKA-Ken, 1,200,000 kan (3,250,000 pounds) of green tea or one third of the tea production in this prefecture will be prepared next year as one of the collateral export goods.
ITEM 5 The Rotation of Poddy Field yields More Barley Crop - Nippon Sangyo Keizai - 10 Dec 45. Translator: Y. Kurata.
According to a study of this year's barley crops, conducted by the Agrarian Laboratory (SAITAMA NOGI SHIKEN JO), the rotation of paddy field is said to have produced more barley crops than the regular non-paddy field, although both were not given sufficient fertilizers. This seems to indicate that rotation of crops in paddy field by all means should be recommended.
As the paddy field contains by nature the phosphoric acid, which is necessary for barely, it is desirable to make use of this rotation system in view of the present fertilizer situation.
ITEM 6 Hopes for Lumber For Reconstruction Improve - Nippon Sangyo Keizai - 10 Dec 45. Translator: H. Shindo.
Reconstruction of damaged cities has been slow because of the difficulty in obtaining timber. Lumber mills and lumber processing companies have been damaged by air raids, and employees are relictant to return to work because of scanty food rations. For these reasons, the Agriculture and Forestry Ministry has revised the Timber Distribution Control Regulations (MOKUZAI HAIKYU TOSEI KISOKU) and removed one of the obstacles to production.
Timber needed for reconstruction is expected to be produced at about the required amount under the control of the Housing Co-operative (ZUTAKU EIDAN). The revised regulations stipulate that timber in the hands of prefectural timber companies will be delivered to the Housing Co-operative or others directed by the Agriculture and Forestry Minister. According to the welfare Ministry's plans, 8,000,000 koku of timber are required for the initial reconstruction. The Housing Co-operative is thought to have 1,000,000 koku of timber under its control, and the revised regulations will enable the co-operative to make a contract to obtain 3,000,000 or 4,000,000 koku of timber. Howover, the timber in its rough form will require considerable time for processing and finishing before it can be connected into houses, in addition to difficulties of transporting the lumber to cities requiring it. Consequently, considerable times will elapse before sufficient houses are constructed.
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HomePress translations [Japan]. Economic Series 0064, 1945-12-14.
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