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Press translations [Japan]. Economic Series 0043, 1945-11-29.
Supreme Commander for The Allied Powers. Allied Translator and Interpreter Section.

translation-number: economic-0205

call-number: DS801 .S81



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GENERAL HEADQUARTERS
SUPREME COMMANDER FOR THE ALLIED POWERS
ALLIED TRANSLATOR AND INTERPRETER SECTION
PRESS TRANSLATIONS
No. 205 Date: 29 Nov 45

ECONOMIC SERIES: 43

ITEM 1 How to store vines of frozen sweetpotatoes! Accomplished in KATSUURA. CHIBA-KEN - Nippon Sangyo Keizai - 29 Nov 45. Translator: H. Shindo.
Full Translation:
The Imperial Fishing Company in KATSUURA, CHIBA Ken has developed a process for freezing sweet potatoes and storing them for long periods of time. They are now storing tens of thousands against the anticipated food crisis this coming winter and spring.
The process is simple. The sweet potatoes are washed, cut, shaken and quickly frozen.
ITEM 2 Revision of the fixed price of artificial butter - Nippon Sangyo Keizai - 29 Nov 45. Translator: K. Sato.
Full Translation:
The Japan Artificial Butter Control Association had been applying to the Agriculture and Forestry Ministries to abolish the restriction on the fixed price of artificial butter. Its request was recently granted. The new price [illegible]formerly four classes of artificial butter but now there are [illegible]. The new prices and standardization are as follows:
(Price per 450 grams.)
Producers' selling price Wholesale price Retail Price
1st Class 2.55 yen 2.70 yen 3.02 yon
2nd Class 1.31 yen 1.39 yen 1.56 yen
First class butter contains over 70 per cent edible fat or edible hardened fat, over 15 per cent milk fat and 15 per cent water. Second class butter contains over 85 per cent edible fat or edible hardened fat, and 15 per cent water.
ITEM 3 Dry Provisions will be Available if the Control of them is Abolished - Tokyo Shimbun - 30 Nov 45. Translator: Y. Kurata.
Full Translation:
Since the abolition of control over perishable goods, both fresh fish and vegetables have appeared, while preservable foods (for instance dry provisions) have not yet appeared. This is so because there is a restriction on the price of dry provisions. This will not only [illegible]deal a blow to places a where they are produced but also will impede its appearance on the market. Consequently, the ration quantity of these provisions will be quite a problem for city dwellers. It is

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ECONOMIC SERIES: 43 (Continued)
ITEM 3 (Continued)
reported that in places where they are produced, producers are now stopping their production and are even giving their products to the black market on the ground that production is not profitable. Thus as it is difficult to collect these goods through the normal channels, the TOKYO Synthetic Food Ration Control Association (TOKYO SOGO SHOKUHIN HAIKYU TOSEI KUMIAI), because department stores are now allowed to sell these provisions at a comparatively high price, has established the Association Investigating Committee (KUMIAI. SATEI IINKAI), consisting of the Metropolitan Office (TOCHO), consumers and Consumers Co-operatives. They intend to examine the price of each provision and to have the Metropolitan Office set a suitable price for each. This will facilitate rationing. The Association is fully aware of the conditions in the production areas, and as a result has attempted to collect provisions by advertising the Association had the following results:
Salted Salmon (C.F AOMORI) 85 yen each; Dried Peel of KAKI (of Fukushima Prefecture) 2.50 yen per 100 monme (or 37.5 g.); Dried KAKI (HOSHIGAKI) 0.50 yen each 10 monme (or 37.5 g.); Cucumber pickled in bean-paste 3.50 yen per 100 monme (37.5 g.); Dried Sea-weed 4.50 yen; Dried Mush-room SHIMEJI (500 yen per 1 kan); SHIITAKE (400 yen per kan); RED SHIMEJI (35O yen per kan); KIKURAGE (350 yen per kan):
ITEM 4 Insufficient Supply of Rice in NIIGATA-Ken - Nippon Sangyo-Keizai - 30 Nov 45. Translator: T. Mitsuhashi.
Full Translation:
The food shortage is most serious in the MINAMI-UONUMA District of NIIGATA-Ken because of shortage of rice. The Official Trading Body of Food (SHOKURYO-EIDAN) at the MUIKA-MACHI was accordingly forced to close its doors on 25 November. The neighboring towns and villages are exposed to the same crisis.
ITEM 5 Welfare Ministry Officials Dispatched to Encourage Meeting of the Urgent Demand for Mine Labor - Nippon Sangyo Keizai - 30 Nov 45. Translator: H. Shindo.
Full Translation:
The Welfare Ministry decided on 29 November 1945 to dispatch its officials to various districts to encourage and stimulate recruitment of labor for the mines. Its principle has been announced.
Each group is composed of two Welfare Ministry officials. one of whom heads it. It is composed of men associated with the Commerce and Industry Ministry and with the Coal Control Association (SEKITAN TOSEI KAI). Its purposes are to encourage applicants for work in the mines, to collect pertinent information and to promote the operation of necessary industry.
The groups are separated and will be dispatched to various districts; that is, the first group for the KANTO district, the second for HOKKAIDO, the third for TOKAI, HOKURIKU and KINKI, the fourth for CHUGOKU and SHIKOKU, and the last for KYUSHU. The head office will be located in the Welfare Ministry Labor Section.
ITEM 6 Outline of Regulations of Distribution of Copper, Lead, Tin etc., - Nippon Sangyo Keizai - 30 Nov 45. Translator: S. Kinoshita.
Extracts:
After repeated deliberations with the Metal Distribution Company
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ECONOMIC SERIES: 43 (Continued)
ITEM 6 (Continued)
(KINZOKU HAIKYU KAISHA) and the Metal Collection Company (KINZOKU KAISHU KAISKA), the Ministries of Commerce and Industry on 29 November 1945 determined the regulation for distribution of copper, lead, tin, zinc and mercury as follows:
The regulation is applied to copper, lead, tin and mercury only. Distribution of a specified quantity of nickel, cobalt and antimony are handled by the Metal Distribution Company (KINZOKU HAIKYU KAISHA).
Consumers groups are to map out (within the limit of quota distribution) projects classified according to individual consumers for every quarter of the year. The Mining Bureau (KOZAN KYOKU) of the Ministry of Commerce should be notified of the projects through the competent authorities.
Consumers' groups are to deliver to their respective members a certificate of quota for the noted projects. Names of persons in charge of issuing the certificate should be registered at the Mining Bureau (KOZAN KYOKU).
Delivery of ingots will be made by the Metal Distribution Company (KINZOKU HAIKYU KAISHA) in exchange for the certificate. The certificate is valid within a month after the date of issue.
Consumers of rolled copper can place orders for rolled copper with the manufacturers of their own selection or those recommended by the Rolled Copper Manufacturers' Association (SHINDO KOGYO KAI).
The rolled copper manufacturers are to notify the Rolled Copper Manufacturers' Association (SHINDO KOGYO KAI), which entitles them to receive the materials from the Metal Distribution Company (KIKZOKU HAIKYU KAISHA) in exchange for the certificate.
The regulation does not apply to the distribution of copper to be used for electric cables or wire.
ITEM 7 Future of Oil and Fat trade - Nippon Sangyo Keizai - 30 Nov 45. Translator: T. Kitagawa.
Full Translation:
The fats manufacturing industry has been planning to organize the Oil and Fats Manufacturing Trades Association (YUSHI KAKO DOGYO KUMIAI) as a self-controlling machine. They plan to convert the standing Oil and Fats Manufactured Goods Control Association (YUSHI SEIHIN TOSEI KAISHA) into a corporation subject to Commercial Law. But the Government cherishes the idea that associations under the Industrial Organization Law (SANGYO DANTAI HO) might make business transactions. So the industrialists declined to take any further action.
A tradesmen's conference decided that the association should be composed of only those (manufacturers) of hardened oil, glycerine and fatty acid, excluding those of soap, margarine or wax. Those excluded will form their own league which in turn may be admitted as members of this association. Hence, the Oil and Fats Manufacturing Industry Association will be a production and distribution controlling machine. It will collect finished goods such as soap, in quantity, from dealer's associations, and it will distribute them, under the Association's Control, to the merchants.
Due to the nature of paraffin, its material, which is the main
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ECONOMIC SERIES; 43 (Continued)
ITEM 7 (Continued)
substance in the production of candles, the distribution will be controlled by the candle dealers' association. The organizations for margarine and wax dealers are already in existence, and there remains fat, soap and oil associations to be organized of their own record. When the Industrial Association Law is promulgated, the associations will be reorganized accordingly.
DISTRIBUTION "X"
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HomePress translations [Japan]. Economic Series 0043, 1945-11-29.
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