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Samson Occom, journal, 1786 December 11 to 1787 April 7

ms-number: 786661

[note (type: abstract): Occom describes his travels as an itinerant preacher through Connecticut and New York. He also relates an episode involving a rumour that his son Aaron has been arrested for murder.][note (type: handwriting): Handwriting is largely clear and legible. There are several uncrossed t's, crossed l's, undotted i's, and dotted e's, which the transcriber has corrected.][note (type: paper): Several small sheets are folded into a booklet that was, at one time, bound with thread or twine. The paper is in good-to-fair condition, with light-to-heavy staining and wear.][note (type: ink): Brown ink varies in intensity throughout.][note (type: noteworthy): An editor, likely 19th-century, has overwritten Occom's hand in black ink and pencil; these edits have not been transcribed. On seven recto, it is uncertain to whom Occom refers when he mentions the “Man of the house,” and so this person has been left untagged.]
[illegible][guess (ivys): Al]Almarck for Emanuel
1 Peter IV. 18. [Heb | Hebrews]HebHebrews IV. 11
 1 [Sam. | Samuel]Sam.Samuel XII. 24 XXXV. 10
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. William [Albe[above] rrtſon | Albertson]Albe[above] rrtſonAlbertson[pers1291.ocp]
[note (type: editorial): Blank page.]

Monday [Decr | December]DecrDecember 11[1786-12-11]

About 12
I took leave of [Esqr | Esq.]EsqrEsq. Woodwoth[pers0940.ocp]s
Family, and went on to Stephe[above] nn
, got to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Tobias[pers1535.ocp]s
[Juſt | just]Juſtjust before [Sun Sit | sunset]Sun Sitsunset and
[Taried | tarried]Tariedtarried there, and was very
kindly [intertaind | entertained]intertaindentertained, by the Family
Lodged there. — — —

[Tueſday | Tuesday]TueſdayTuesday [Decr | December]DecrDecember 12[1785-12-12]:

about 11
the People began to Collect
and there was Company of
People, for the [Seaſon | season]Seaſonseason, it was
very Cold, and much [Sonow | snow]Sonowsnow
on the Ground, and it is a
[Scaterd | scattered]Scaterdscattered Place,— we began
the meeting, a little after 12
I Spoke from [Matt | Matthew]MattMatthew, VI. 10 and
the People [attened | attended]attenedattended with great
and Solemn attention, many
were much affected, — I [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged
here again, and had a Com
fortable [reſt | rest]reſtrest. — —

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday [Decr | December]DecrDecember 13[1786-12-13]:

Got up
early, and [Sot | set]Sotset [of | off]ofoff Soon, [Sopt | stopped]Soptstopped
at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Robenſon | Robenson]RobenſonRobenson[pers1537.ocp]s a while
took ˄ there, and Soon after
Breakfast I went on [above] aagain,
got to [Esqr | Esq.]EsqrEsq. Skermehorn[pers1585.ocp]s, abou[above] tt
11: and took Dinner with them
Soon after Dinner, went on
to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Dimon[pers1538.ocp]s, and found
them well, and was kindly
[receivd | received]receivdreceived, [Eſpecially | especially]Eſpeciallyespecially by
[Mrs | Mrs.]MrsMrs. Dimon[pers1586.ocp], She is an old
acquaintance, and Frie[above] nnd
of mine, She came from
[Rhod | Rhode]RhodRhode Island State[place0196.ocp], Lodged
there, and was very tenderly
[entertaind | entertained]entertaindentertained, Lodged Comfort
ably by the Fire, [accordg | according]accordgaccording
to my [deſire | desire]deſiredesire, — — —

[Thirdsday | Thursday]ThirdsdayThursday [Decr | December]DecrDecember 14[1786-12-14]:

About 10
we went to [Esqr | Esq.]EsqrEsq. Skermehor[above] nsns[pers1585.ocp]
to meeting, the People got
together at 11, and I went
into a [Store Houſe | storehouse]Store Houſestorehouse, where the
People Collected, and there
was a Prodigious [Concourſe | concourse]Concourſeconcourse
of People. I Spoke from the
Revels of John I: [Chap | Chapter]ChapChapter X: 36
and there was a melting
attention [amongſt | amongst]amongſtamongst the People
many Tears were Shed, and
[preſently | presently]preſentlypresently after meeting I
went home again with
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Dimond[pers1538.ocp] and his Family
in their [Slay | sleigh]Slaysleigh, and there
I [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged again. — —

[Fryday | Friday]FrydayFriday [Decr | December]DecrDecember 15[1786-12-15].

got up very
early, and the whole Family got
up, [alſo | also]alſoalso, and [Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast
was got ready Soon, and we ate
and Soon after eating [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
and his wife[pers1586.ocp], and I
went to Stephen Town[place0578.ocp] in his
[Slay | sleigh]Slaysleigh, it is about 10 miles [diſtant | distant]diſtantdistant
we [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Jabez Spencer[pers1587.ocp]s
a little while, and So [paſt | passed]paſtpassed on, and
about 10 o. c we got to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Na-
than Brockway[pers1588.ocp]
s and there we
put up, he was not at Home,
and towards Night, he got home
and in the Evening, the People Col
lected together for meeting, and
there was a large [Aſembly | assembly]Aſemblyassembly, and
I Spoke from XXV [Matt. | Matthew]Matt.Matthew 43: and the
People attended with great Solemn
ity, many were affected much,
and after meeting, many Spoke
to me with [tenderneſs | tenderness]tenderneſstenderness. after the
People were gone, we Sung Several
Hymns, and had [agreable | agreeable]agreableagreeable [Conver
ſation | conver
, [Sot | sat]Sotsat up very late, at [laſt | last]laſtlast
went to be[illegible]d [quietely | quietly]quietelyquietly — —

Saturday [Decr | December]DecrDecember 16[1786-12-16]:

got up early
and had [Exerciſe | exercise]Exerciſeexercise in the Family
with my Cards, and the young [P | people]Ppeople
attend with gravity and [Decincy | decency]Decincydecency
and Some Time after [Break
faſt | break
we [Sot | set]Sotset [of | off]ofoff again, to return
to Philips-Town[place0381.ocp]. got to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Dimond[pers1538.ocp]s
[Houſe | house]Houſehouse, about 1: and there [Stayd | stayed]Staydstayed
again. — —

[Sabb | Sabbath]SabbSabbath [Decr | December]DecrDecember 17[1786-12-17].

about 10 we
went to meeting at [Esqr | Esq.]EsqrEsq. John
's and there was
the [bigeſt | biggest]bigeſtbiggest number of People, that
ever was Seen in one meeting
in this [Wilderneſs | wilderness]Wilderneſswilderness Settlement, it
was thought there was about 500
People, [illegible] We met in a large
Barn, — I Spoke from Amos
III. 4, and I think I had Some
[Senſe | sense]Senſesense of Divine things, and there
was an affectionate attention
[thro | through]throthrough the [Aſembly | assembly]Aſemblyassembly, the People
were [bowd | bowed]bowdbowed under the word, they
[Sot | sat]Sotsat like [Crimenals | criminals]Crimenalscriminals. under a
[Sentance | sentence]Sentancesentence of Death — Soon after
meeting I [returnd | returned]returndreturned with [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
and his Family in a
[Slay | sleigh]Slaysleigh;— In the evening a Compa
ny Came together, at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Dimond[pers1538.ocp]
for meeting, there was but few
People, it was a Tedious Snowy
and [Rainey | rainy]Raineyrainy evening, I Spoke
from John IX: [gap: omitted] and the People
attended with great Solemnity
Some were affected.—

Monday [Decr | December]DecrDecember 18[1786-12-18].

Soon after
[Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Dimond[pers1538.ocp] got his
[Slay | sleigh]Slaysleigh ready. and went [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
Samulel Wheeler[pers1589.ocp]
's to meeting
about 5 miles, we got there
about 11, and the People
[Juſt | just]Juſtjust began to Collect, and ther[above] ee
[Conſiderable | considerable]Conſiderableconsiderable of People got toge
ther, I Spoke from [Matt | Matthew]MattMatthew V. 5
and it was a Solemn meeting,
Soon after meeting, we went
went back, got home before
[Sun Sit | sunset]Sun Sitsunset, and [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged there —

[Tueſday | Tuesday]TueſdayTuesday [Decr | December]DecrDecember 19[1786-12-19]:

Got up
very early, and they got
[Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast directly, before
[Sunriſe | sunrise]Sunriſesunrise I took leave of the
Family, and went on my to
Stephen-Town[place0578.ocp]; [Calld | called]Calldcalled at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
s, at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Jones[pers0779.ocp]s, and
So on to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Joſhua | Joshua]JoſhuaJoshua Gardner[pers1590.ocp]s
and there was a prodigious
Number of People Collected
together, and I begun the
[Exerciſe | exercise]Exerciſeexercise directly, I Spoke
from [Ecles | Ecclesiastes]EclesEcclesiastes I: 15: and there
was very deep and Solemn at
tention [thro | through]throthrough the [Aſembly | assembly]Aſemblyassembly,
mayny Tears were Shed,—
Soon af[illegible][illegible]ter [illegible]took Dinner
and then went with one
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Ezekiel Shelden[pers1591.ocp], and
had an Evening meeting there
and there was a [Conſiderable | considerable]Conſiderableconsiderable
of People I Spoke from [Matt | Matthew]MattMatthew [above] V. 5V. 5
the People Seemed to attend
with Some feeling of the word
after I had done two or three
Spoke with Some affection,
I was Tenderly treated, [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged
at the Same [Houſe | house]Houſehouse, and [reſt
ed | rest
Comfortably. about

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday [Decr | December]DecrDecember 20[1786-12-20].

About 10
we went to one Hammond[pers1592.ocp] to
meeting, and there was a large
number of People, and I
Spoke from John VII. 37 and
there good attention Soon after
meeting, I we went back with
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Shelden[pers1591.ocp] [a gain | again]a gainagain in his [Slay | sleigh]Slaysleigh
took Dinner with them, and
directly after eating, we wen[above] tt
[illegible]to one [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Hayward[pers1593.ocp]s and ther[above] ee
we had another meeting, I
I Spoke from Mark V: 4
and the People attended well,
one or two Spoke after I had,
here I [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged, — —

[Thirdsday | Thursday]ThirdsdayThursday [Decr | December]DecrDecember 21[1786-12-21],

After [Bt | breakfast]Btbreakfast
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Rufus Price[pers1594.ocp] and I wen[above] tt
to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Brockway[pers1588.ocp]'s and [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
went back, and [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
took me in his
[Slay | sleigh]Slaysleigh, with his Family, to a meet
ing about 3. miles [nothward | northward]nothwardnorthward
got there [illegible][guess (ivys): a]a 12: and a large
Number of People had Col
lected together, and I began
the [exerciſe | exercise]exerciſeexercise directly, I Spoke
from John VI 36: and there wa[above] ss
undCommon attention among[above] stst
the People, there was a flow
of Tears, I believe the Lord
was [preſent | present]preſentpresent with his word,—
as Soon as ever the meeting
was done, I went back with
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Brockway[pers1588.ocp], — and in the
evening we had meeting
again and there was [Conſi
derable | Consi
number of People [& | and]&and
I Spoke from 1 Peter [gap: omitted]
and the People attended with
great Solemnity, [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged at the
Same [Houſe | house]Houſehouse — — —

[Fryday | Friday]FrydayFriday [Decr | December]DecrDecember 22[1786-12-22],

Soon after
[Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast, I leave of the [F | family]Ffamily
and went on to one [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. DGard
s, upon the borders of
Handcock[place0579.ocp], and there was
a meeting to be, the People
began to Collect when I got
there, and there was large
Number of People — I bega[above] nn
about half after 11: I Spoke
from Acts VIII. [gap: omitted] and the [P | people]Ppeople
were greatly attentive and
Some [manifeſted | manifested]manifeſtedmanifested affection
Soon after meeting I went
Home with [Mrs | Mrs.]MrsMrs. Goodrich[pers1595.ocp] and
her Son[pers1596.ocp] in a [Slay | sleigh]Slaysleigh, got there
Some Time before night the
Place where they live is [Calld | called]Calldcalled
[Jaricho | Jericho]JarichoJericho[place0580.ocp]; [tooke | took]tooketook Dinner with
them, the Man of the [Houſe | house]Houſehouse
is [helpleſs | helpless]helpleſshelpless as a Child, he is
troubled with a [illegible][Num | numb]Numnumb [Palſey | palsy]Palſeypalsy,
in the Evening, we went in the
[Slay | sleigh]Slaysleigh again to meeting at the
[Houſe | house]Houſehouse of one [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Hammond[pers1592.ocp], and
there was great many People,
I Spoke from [gap: omitted]
and the People appeared
very Serious and Some were
aff[illegible]ected — Soon after meeting
˄ we[illegible]nt back with [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Goodrich[pers1597.ocp]
and there I [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged, and was
kindly Treated, — —

Saturday [Decr | December]DecrDecember 23[1786-12-23]:

Soon af
ter eating, took leave of
the Family, and went on to
wards New Lebanon[place0378.ocp]; [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped
a while at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Patchin[pers1598.ocp]s
his wife[pers1599.ocp] has been Sick a
long while, I had Some [Con
verſation | con
with her, She Com
plains of much [Darkneſs | darkness]Darkneſsdarkness
but I believe She is a real
Christian; about 11: I went
on, a man went with me,
and he Conducted to the Pool
and it is a remarkable
Spring, and a Clump of
[Houſe | house]Houſehouse are on and [guess (h-dawnd): [rund | 'round]rund'round][rund | 'round]rund'round,
was there but few minutes
and I went on to the meeting
[Houſe | house]Houſehouse, and I put up at
[Capt | Capt.]CaptCapt. Jones[pers0899.ocp]s [Cloſe | close]Cloſeclose by the Mee[above] tt
ing [Houſe | house]Houſehouse, and he and his
Wife[pers1600.ocp] were not at Home,—
in the evening they Came home
and they are [agreable | agreeable]agreableagreeable Couple —
Lodged there and was kindly
[entertaind | entertained]entertaindentertained. — — —

[Sabb. | Sabbath]Sabb.Sabbath [Decr | December]DecrDecember 24[1786-12-24]:

It was very
Cold Day, I went into the meet
ing [Houſe | house]Houſehouse, about 11: and there
was a [Conſiderable | considerable]Conſiderableconsiderable number of
People for the Cold [Seaſon | season]Seaſonseason, I [Spok | spoke]Spokspoke
from the words there is at [Jeruſam | Jerusalem]JeruſamJerusalem
a Pool, [&c | etc.]&cetc. — and there was a
good attention. after meeting
went to [Capt | Capt.]CaptCapt. Jones[pers0899.ocp]s again[illegible].
in the evening, went to one [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
s and there we had a [meetg | meeting]meetgmeeting
and there was a great [numbr | number]numbrnumber
of People, and I Spoke from
1 [Corin | Corinthians]CorinCorinthians VII: [gap: omitted] and there was a
Solemn attention many I be-
lieve were much affected —
after meeting I went back to
[Capt | Capt.]CaptCapt. Jones[pers0899.ocp]s and [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged there a
gain, — — — —

Monday [Decr | December]DecrDecember 25[1786-12-25]:

got up,
very early, and took [Breakt | breakfast]Breaktbreakfast
and [Sot | set]Sotset [a way | away]a wayaway, and got to
Richmound[place0384.ocp], about 9: [Calld | called]Calldcalled
on [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Pery[pers1265.ocp] a [miniſter | minister]miniſterminister of
the Place, and he and ano-
ther man, were very urgent
to have me Stop and preach
in the evening, and I [Conſented | consented]Conſentedconsented
and I went to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Miller[pers0858.ocp]s and
there I put up, in the evenin[below] gg
we went to meeting to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Collin[pers1602.ocp],
and there was a [Conſiderable | considerable]Conſiderableconsiderable
number of People, and I [Spok | spoke]Spokspoke
from 1 Kings XIX: and the
People [attened | attended]attenedattended well, I [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged
at the Same [Houſe | house]Houſehouse and they
were exceed kind to me. —

[Tueſday | Tuesday]TueſdayTuesday [Decr | December]DecrDecember 26[1786-12-26],

got up [above] vvery
early, and they got [Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast
Soon, and we had [Exerciſe | exercise]Exerciſeexercise with
my Cards and it was very
[agreable | agreeable]agreableagreeable to them; about 9
I [Sot | set]Sotset off, a young carried
me [above] inin a [Slay | sleigh]Slaysleigh to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Miller[pers0858.ocp]s, and
about 10, I [Sot | set]Sotset away again
got to Stockbridge[place0225.ocp], before
12: took Dinner with [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Sar
gant | Ser
, and then went [Capt | Capt.]CaptCapt.
[Youk | Yoke']YoukYoke'[pers0941.ocp]
s, and he was not at
Home, and so I went back
to one [Lucreſhas | Lucreshas]LucreſhasLucreshas[pers1603.ocp] and in
the evening went back to
[Capt | Capt.]CaptCapt. Yoke[pers0941.ocp]s: and Lodged
there, they being very glad
to See me, — —

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday [Decr | December]DecrDecember 27[1786-12-27]:

got up
very early, and a little af
ter [Sunriſe | sunrise]Sunriſesunrise I went on my
way, got to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Babcock[pers1247.ocp]s
in Canaan[place0024.ocp], and [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged
there, — — — —
[Thirdſday | Thursday]ThirdſdayThursday [Decr | December]DecrDecember 28[1786-12-28]. got up
quite early [Sot | set]Sotset away, and
[Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped at Several [Houſes | houses]Houſeshouses;
got to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Eno[pers1604.ocp]s before Sun
Set, and put up there —

[Fryday | Friday]FrydayFriday [Decr | December]DecrDecember 29[1786-12-29]:

got up
very early and got [Break
faſt | break
, and [Sot | set]Sotset [of | off]ofoff Soon, got
to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Wallin[pers1605.ocp]s before noon
and they [deſired | desired]deſireddesired me to Stay
over the Sabbath, and I [Con
ceſnted | con
, and [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged there —

[Sabb. | Sabbath]Sabb.Sabbath [Decr | December]DecrDecember 31[1786-12-31]:

about 10 the
People began to Collect, and
there was [Conſiderable | considerable]Conſiderableconsiderable [illegible]num
ber of People, and I began
about 11: Spoke from Amos 3:3
and the People attended very
well, [bu[illegible]tt | but]bu[illegible]ttbut not So Solemn
as I have Seen in other
Places.— took Dinner after
meeting; and Some Time
in the [after noon | afternoon]after noonafternoon I [Sot | set]Sotset [of | off]ofoff
and got to [Esqr | Esq.]EsqrEsq. Roberts[pers1329.ocp] in
the evening, and he [deſired | desired]deſireddesired
me to [tary | tarry]tarytarry all night with ['em | them]'emthem
and I accepted of his kind
offer. and I went to bed Soon,
and [reſted | rested]reſtedrested Comfortably —
Thus I have Ended one year
more, and have experienced
much of the [goodneſs | goodness]goodneſsgoodness of god
to me in many [reſpects | respects]reſpectsrespects, [tho' | though]tho'though
I have been greatly and Sham[above] ee
fully wanting in my Duty
to [myſelf | myself]myſelfmyself, to my fellow Creatures,
and to my Maker,— O god
Almighty freely [parden | pardon]pardenpardon all my Sin[above] ss
Wi[illegible][guess (ivys): l]ltenbury[place0581.ocp]

[Janr | January]JanrJanuary 1: 1787[1787-01-01]

 In the morning, we had
[Exerciſe | exercise]Exerciſeexercise, in the Family
and it was very [agreable | agreeable]agreableagreeable
to them, they were very Solem[above] nn
and I [prayd | prayed]praydprayed in the Family.
Some Time in the Morning
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Walcut[pers0791.ocp] Came, to the [Hou[above] ſeſe | house]Hou[above] ſeſehouse
w[illegible]here I was, invited to his
[Houſe | house]Houſehouse, he is the [Miniſter | minister]Miniſterminister of
tthe Place, and the People
had Concluded, to have me
Preach on the next Day;
and Some Time [paſt | past]paſtpast Noon
I left [Esqr | Esq.]EsqrEsq. Roberts[pers1329.ocp]'s and
went to See [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Samuel Eno[pers1606.ocp]
I [Calld | called]Calldcalled by the way at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
s they were exceeding
glad to See me, and they
Sent for Deacon Manley[pers1608.ocp]
and he Soon Came he is an
old [Diſciple | disciple]Diſcipledisciple, appears to be
an [Isr[illegible]alte | Israelite]Isr[illegible]alteIsraelite indeed, and we
had [agreable | agreeable]agreableagreeable interview
after a while, I went on
and Saw [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Eno[pers1604.ocp], he and
his wife[pers1745.ocp] were glad to See
me,— [Juſt | Just]JuſtJust at Night I
went to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Wolcott[pers0791.ocp]s and
was kindly [receivd | received]receivdreceived receev[above] dd,
Thus I began a New Year
The Lord enable me to
Live a New Life more
than ever I did, that I
might Live as a Dying
and [acountable | accountable]acountableaccountable Creature
unto god. The Lord enable
me to do [what ever | whatever]what everwhatever work
I have [illegible]before me; and that
I might [reſign | resign]reſignresign [myſelf | myself]myſelfmyself, into
the Hands of god —

[Tueſday | Tuesday]TueſdayTuesday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 2[1787-01-02]:

Near 110
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Wolcott[pers0791.ocp] and I went to
meeting, and we found bu[above] tt
few People at the meeting [H | house]Hhouse
[Sot | Sat]SotSat a while in a [Houſe | house]Houſehouse, and
a little [paſt | past]paſtpast 11: went into the
meeting [Houſe | house]Houſehouse and there
was [Conſiderable | considerable]Conſiderableconsiderable Number
of People got together, and
I Spo[illegible]ke from Daniel V:25
and there was deep attention
many were much affected,
Soon after meeting, I went
into an [Houſe | house]Houſehouse, and took Din
ner, and then I went on, and
Call on [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. LRowland[pers1609.ocp] at old
[Windſor | Windsor]WindſorWindsor[place0517.ocp]
, [Sot | sat]Sotsat but few minutes
and [paſt | passed]paſtpassed on, got over the
River well, and went to my
Daughter [illegible] tOlive[pers0397.ocp]s, got ther[above] ee
in the [Duſk | dusk]Duſkdusk of the evening
and found them all well,
Lodged there; [Sot | sat]Sotsat up late —

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 3[1787-01-03]:

got up
early, and took few [mouth
fulls | mouth
of Victuals, and So wen[above] tt
on my way; Call on [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
at Bolton[place0582.ocp], a [miniſ
ter | minis
of the Place, and he was
exceeding Glad to hear of
the Work of god in the [wilder
neſs | wilder
[amongſt | amongst]amongſtamongst the Indians,
took Dinner, and Soon after
eating, I [paſt | passed]paſtpassed on again, [& | and]&and
I got So far as [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Lomis[pers1611.ocp]s in
Lebanon[place0122.ocp], a Tavern keeper
went to Bed [prety | pretty]pretypretty Soon, and
[reſted | rested]reſtedrested Comfortably — —

[Thirdsday | Thursday]ThirdsdayThursday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 4[1787-01-04]:

got up
early, and [Sot | set]Sotset [of | off]ofoff directly
and it was very bad [ride
ing | rid
, it had been thawing
ever [ſince | since]ſincesince [laſt | last]laſtlast Saturday
[Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped at [Capt | Capt.]CaptCapt. Hide[pers1612.ocp]'s and there
took [Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast, and Soon after
eating I went on my way [Stop[above] tt | Stopped]Stop[above] ttStopped
a little while at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Champion[pers1613.ocp]s
and there I heard a [Surprizing | surprising]Surprizingsurprising
News, that one of my Son[pers0028.ocp]s
had been guilty of murder
near [Boſton | Boston]BoſtonBoston[place0013.ocp], and was [Sen-
tancd | sen-
to be [hang'd | hanged]hang'dhanged, and my
was Seen there about
three weeks ago, and was
mourning and weeping [her
ſelf | her
almost to Death. and I
was [Some what | somewhat]Some whatsomewhat [Surprizd | surprised]Surprizdsurprised. [& | and]&and
began to thingk many things
but when I got in Town, I
found there was nothing in
it; about 2 in the after
noon, I got home, and
found my poor Family
all in good State of Health
[Bleſsed | blessed]Bleſsedblessed be the Name of the

[Sabb | Sabbath]SabbSabbath [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 7[1787-01-07]:

went to meeting
to Deacon Henry Quaquaquid[pers0817.ocp]s
but there was but very few
People, and I only gave
them the relation of my Jou[above] rr
ney, and Prayed, — — —

[Thirdsday | Thursday]ThirdsdayThursday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 11[1787-01-11]:

my wife[pers0029.ocp]
was [robd | robbed]robdrobbed by a [Molatto | mulatto]Molattomulatto

[Fryday | Friday]FrydayFriday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 19[1787-01-19]

The above
[mentiond | mentioned]mentiondmentioned [Mallato | mulatto]Mallatomulatto was tried
before two [Juſtices | justices]Juſticesjustices, and was
found guilty — — —

Saturday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 20[1787-01-20]:

went to
lower part of Groton[place0092.ocp], went
over the River at New London[place0164.ocp]
got to [Capt | Capt.]CaptCapt. Robert Latham[pers0903.ocp]'s
a little before [Sun Sit | sunset]Sun Sitsunset, and
found them all well, and was
kindly [receivd | received]receivdreceived, and Lodged
there, and went to bed Soon
and [Reſted | rested]Reſtedrested Comfortably —

[Sabb | Sabbath]SabbSabbath [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 21[1787-01-21]:

It was [illegible]a Stormy
Day and was all [laſt | last]laſtlast Night
about 10 went Meeting at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
gidion Saunders[pers0913.ocp]
s, and there
was but a little number of
People, and I Spoke to them
from James II. 26
in the evening went to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
abel Babcock[pers1614.ocp]
s and had
a meeting there, and there
was a large number of [P. | people]P.people
and I Spoke from James IV: 4
and the People attended with
great attention; I [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged at
the Same [Houſe | house]Houſehouse, — — —

Monday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 22:[1787-01-22]

Soon after
[Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast went back to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
s: and was there
but a little while, and then
went to See [Mrs | Mrs.]MrsMrs. Latham[pers1317.ocp], [Sot | sat]Sotsat
a little while, and So went on
to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Street[pers1272.ocp]'s, [Calld | called]Calldcalled at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
s was there a while [& | and]&and
then went to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Street[pers1272.ocp]s, and
was kindly [receivd | received]receivdreceived by the Fam
ily, about 1 began the [Mg | meeting]Mgmeeting
and there was [Conſiderable | considerable]Conſiderableconsiderable
Number of People, [tho' | though]tho'though it
was a Snowy Day, and
I Spoke from [Rom. | Romans]Rom.Romans II. 28: 19
and the People attended well
after meeting took dinner
at the Same [Houſe | house]Houſehouse, — and
in the Evening went to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
[Leſter | Lester]LeſterLester[pers0781.ocp]
s and had another
meeting, and there was
a great number of Peop[above] lele
[tho | though]thothough the Storm Continued, [& | and]&and
I Spoke from James [below] IIV. 7
and the People attended with
great [Seriousneſs | seriousness]Seriousneſsseriousness,—I [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged
at the Same [Houſe | house]Houſehouse — — —

[Tueſday | Tuesday]TueſdayTuesday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 23[1787-01-23]:

Some Time
after [Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast, I took [leav | leave]leavleave
of the Family; and went
to [Capt | Capt.]CaptCapt. Robert Latham[pers0903.ocp]s, [& | and]&and
took leave of them, and then
went down to the Ferry, and
went over to New London[place0164.ocp]
and was there Some Hours
and So [paſt | passed]paſtpassed on, and got
Home Some Time before
Night, and found all
my Family well, [thro | through]throthrough
the [goodneſs | goodness]goodneſsgoodness of god. — —

[illegible][Saturd | Saturday]SaturdSaturday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 27[1787-01-27]:

About 10.
[Sot | set]Sotset [of | off]ofoff from Home, and went
to a Place [Calld | called]Calldcalled [Jewet | Jewett]JewetJewett City[place0583.ocp]
got there Some Time before
[Sun Sit | sunset]Sun Sitsunset, put up at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Elea | Eleizer]EleaEleizer
[Jewet | Jewett]JewetJewett[pers1615.ocp]
and was kindly [red | received]redreceived
[Sot | Sat]SotSat up [Some what | somewhat]Some whatsomewhat late
and [reſted | rested]reſtedrested Comfortably —

[Sabb | Sabbath]SabbSabbath [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 28[1787-01-28].,

A little
[paſt | past]paſtpast 11 went into the meet
ing, and there was a grea[above] tt
Number of People, and
I Spoke from [Rom. | Romans]Rom.Romans II: 28: 29
and there was a Solemn at
tention in the [Aſembly | assembly]Aſemblyassembly,
after Service went to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Jewe[above] tt | Jewett]Jewe[above] ttJewett[pers1615.ocp]
and took Dinner there, and
Soon after Dinner took leav[above] ee
of the Family, and went
to Deacon Tracy[pers1616.ocp]'s, and there
had a meeting again
and there was a great
Number of People, I Spoke
from 1 [Sam. | Samuel]Sam.Samuel XII: 24: and there
was a Solemn attention,
many Shed Tears, — [Lodgd | Lodged]LodgdLodged
at the Same [Houſe | house]Houſehouse, and
[reſted | rested]reſtedrested Comfortably —

Mondady [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 29[1787-01-29];

got up
early, and had my [horſe | horse]horſehorse
got ready Soon, and wen[above] tt
on my way, [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped at
one [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Reed[pers1430.ocp]s and took
[Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast there, and af
ter eating, had Some [Con
verſation | con
with an old
woman, 92: Years of age
or near, and had a little
[exerciſe | exercise]exerciſeexercise with a [above] Card in theCard in the Family
and another Family Came
to the [Houſe | house]Houſehouse,— and then
went on, got Home abou[above] tt
2 o'c: and found my [Fa | family]Fafamily
well as Common —

[Sabb | Sabbath]SabbSabbath [Februr | February]FebrurFebruary 4[1787-02-04]:

About 11
[Sot | set]Sotset [of | off]ofoff from Home. and to [Mrs | Mrs.]MrsMrs.
s and it was [etreem | extreme]etreemextreme
Cold, wind Blew very hard
at [North weſt | northwest]North weſtnorthwest, and Snow
flew like fog, — got [above] toto the [P | place]Pplace
Soon, and there were Some
People, more than [Coud | could]Coudcould be
[illegible] expected for the Severity
of the weather, I began
the [Exerciſe | exercise]Exerciſeexercise about 12. or [paſ[above] tt | past]paſ[above] ttpast
I Spoke from [Ecleſi | Ecclesiastes]EcleſiEcclesiastes. III: 12
and there was a Solemn at
tention — after Service took
Dinner, and and towards
went home and Soon godt
Home — — —

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday [Februr | February]FebrurFebruary 7[1787-02-07]: 1787

Left home early in the mor
ning, and to one [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Smith[pers0499.ocp]
in Newent[place0584.ocp], [Stopt | Stopped]StoptStopped a while
at [Doc.r | Dr.]Doc.rDr. [Maſh | Mash]MaſhMash[pers0907.ocp]'s. in[illegible] Norwich[place0174.ocp]
and took [Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast there
and Soon after went on, and
to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Smith[pers0499.ocp]'s about 10 and
they were glad to See me.
the old gentleman is quite
[helpleſs | helpless]helpleſshelpless, with [Num. | numb]Num.numb [Palſy | palsy]Palſypalsy
and about half after 1: o. c
I began the meeting and
there was but few People,
I Spoke from Job: XXXV. 10
and the People attended
with great Solemnity:
Soon after meeting I
went back, and got home
in the [Duſk | dusk]Duſkdusk of the [even-g | evening]even-gevening,
and was Somewhat t[illegible]ired
and went to Bed. Soon — —

Saturday [Februr | February]FebrurFebruary 10[1787-02-10]:

About 12
[Sot | set]Sotset off from my [Houſe | house]Houſehouse, and
to groton Indian Town[place0092.ocp]— got
there about [Sun Sit | sunset]Sun Sitsunset, and pu[above] tt
at Widow Pauhquunnup[pers1617.ocp]'s
found them all well, and we
were glad to See each other
again once more this Side
of the grave, went to bed in
good [Seaſon | season]Seaſonseason, and had a Com-
fortable [reſt | rest]reſtrest, — —

[Sabb: | Sabbath]Sabb:Sabbath [Febr | February]FebrFebruary 11[1787-02-10]:

we began
the Meeting near 12: and there
was [Conſiderable | considerable]Conſiderableconsiderable Number of
People, and I Spoke from,
1 Peter IV. 8 and the People at
tended well,— in the evening
we had another meeting, and
[Conſiderable | considerable]Conſiderableconsiderable number of People
for it was a Rainy evening,
and I Spoke from 1 Kings XXI. 29
and I had but a little [Senſe | sense]Senſesense of
Divine things. Yet the People at
tend well, — we [Sot | sat]Sotsat up a long
while and Sung, [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Silus Spicer[pers1618.ocp]
[Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged there, and many of the
Indians, went to bed at [laſt | last]laſtlast [& | and]&and
I [reſted | rested]reſtedrested well, — — —

Monday [Februr | February]FebrurFebruary 12[1787-02-12]:

got up
and attended on Family Pray
and then [Sot | set]Sotset [of | off]ofoff soon, [Satopt | stopped]Satoptstopped a
while at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. John Williams[pers0827.ocp], and
took [Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast there, and [Soo'n | soon]Soo'nsoon
after eating went on my
way, got home, a little [paſ[above] tt | past]paſ[above] ttpast
Noon and found my Family
all well as [Uſual | usual]Uſualusual — —

[Fryday | Friday]FrydayFriday [Febrr | February]FebrrFebruary 16[1787-02-16]:

Towards [N | night]Nnight
went to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Chappel[pers0886.ocp]'s and a [m–g | meeting]m–gmeeting
there, [bur | but]burbut few People got toge
ther, and I Spoke to them from
Psalm 146: 5: and the People at
tended Soberly, [Stayd | stayed]Staydstayed at the
[Houſe | house]Houſehouse all Night, we [Sot | sat]Sotsat up late
yet had Comfortable [Reſt | rest]Reſtrest by
Sleep in the Silent watches —

Monday [Febr | February]FebrFebruary 17[1787-02-17]:

got up
early, and they [Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast
Soon, and I eat with them
and Soon after went Home
and [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped a while at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. T.
s, got home about 11—

Saturday [Febry | February]FebryFebruary 24[1787-02-24]

Sun a
bout an Hour high, [Sot | set]Sotset [of | off]ofoff from
home and went to Canterbury[place0365.ocp]
[Calld | Called]CalldCalled on [Docr | Dr.]DocrDr. [Marſh | Marsh]MarſhMarsh[pers0907.ocp], and [Sot | sat]Sotsat
[a while | awhile]a whileawhile and [paſt | passed]paſtpassed on, and
got Brother Clarke[pers0129.ocp]s Some
Time in the afternoon, and
found them all well, and
was kindly [receivd | received]receivdreceived; and
[Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged there, — —

[Sabb. | Sabbath]Sabb.Sabbath [Feburr | February]FeburrFebruary 25[1787-02-25]:

Soon after
[Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast, went to meet
ing, in Scotland[place0528.ocp], [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Palm[above] erer[pers1019.ocp]s
meeting [Houſe | house]Houſehouse; — and there
was but a little number
of People, — I Spoke to them
from [Prov: | Proverbs]Prov:Proverbs IV: 13: and in
the afternoon from Psalm [above] 146: 5146: 5
Directly after meeting I
went back to [M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. Isaac [Wms | Williams]WmsWilliams[pers1619.ocp]
and had a meeting there
in the evening and there
was a large Number of
People, and I Spoke from
Luke XXIII: 40 and there was
good attention, and So there
in the Day, [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged at the
Same [Houſe | house]Houſehouse, and kindly [en
tertain'd | en
, went to bed Some
what late and had Com
fortable [reſt | rest]reſtrest — —

Monday [Febr | February]FebrFebruary 26[1787-02-26]:

[Sot | set]Sotset [of | off]ofoff
very early, [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped a few
minutes at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Lion[pers1514.ocp]s and
So [paſt | passed]paſtpassed on, [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
[Joſeph | Joseph]JoſephJoseph Smith[pers1621.ocp]s, and there
took [Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast, and Soon
after eating went on and
got home about 12: and
found my Family well
Thanks to the Father of
all mercies — —

[Sabb: | Sabbath]Sabb:Sabbath March 4[1787-03-04]:

Some Time
in the Morning [Sot | set]Sotset [of | off]ofoff from Home
and went over to groton[place0092.ocp], and
it was very bad riding, Snow
was [Some what | somewhat]Some whatsomewhat deep, and drif
ted, and it [illegible][Snowd | snowed]Snowdsnowed, again
got to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Chapman[pers1194.ocp], about
11, and the People began to
gather, and there was [Condſi
derable | Condsi
number of People
and we began the meeting
about 12: and I Spoke from
James IV. 14: and there was
Solemn attention,— after [M– | meeting]M–meeting
took Dinner with the Family
and Soon after eating, [Sot | set]Sotset [of | off]ofoff
for Home. got home before
[Sun down | sundown]Sun downsundown — — —

[Sabb. | Sabbath]Sabb.Sabbath March 11[1787-03-11].

Got up
Some Time before [Day bra[above] keke | daybreak]Day bra[above] kekedaybreak
and was [geting | getting]getinggetting to go up to
Canterbury[place0365.ocp], [Sot | set]Sotset [of | off]ofoff a little
after [sun riſe | sunrise]sun riſesunrise, [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped a few
minutes at [Docr | Dr.]DocrDr. [Marſhe | Marshe]MarſheMarshe[pers0907.ocp]s
and So [paſt | passed]paſtpassed on, [Calld | called]Calldcalled ant
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Smith[pers0499.ocp]'s [alſo | also]alſoalso, and took
Some victuals, and Soon
got to Elder Lyon[pers1514.ocp]'s near
12: and he directly Sent
out among the Neighbours
to give notice of my be-
ing in the Place, and
the People Collected Soon
and about 1: we began
the Service of god, — and
I Spoke from [Matt | Matthew]MattMatthew V. 5.
and the People attended
with great Solemnity —
after meeting took Dinner
with Brother Lyon[pers1514.ocp], [Juſt | Just]JuſtJust
before Night, we went to
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Dyer [Brewſters | Brewsters]BrewſtersBrewsters[pers1622.ocp] and
there we had another
meeting, and there was
[Conſiderable | considerable]Conſiderableconsiderable number of
People; and I Spoke from
[Matt | Matthew]MattMatthew VI: 9: and the Lord I
believe was [preſent | present]preſentpresent with
us; the Hearts of Some Chris
tians were [warmd | warmed]warmdwarmed with the
Fire of Love. Some [deliver[above] dd | delivered]deliver[above] dddelivered
few words after I had done
I [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged at the Same [Houſe | house]Houſehouse
and was [entertain'd | entertained]entertain'dentertained with
Brotherly [kindneſs | kindness]kindneſskindness, [reſted | rested]reſtedrested
Comfortably; — —

Monday March 12[1787-03-12]:

[Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast, I went to See
Brother [Sunſummon | Sunsummon]SunſummonSunsummon[pers0930.ocp], found
all well, about 10 went
back, and Soon to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Clark[pers0129.ocp][above] ss
took Dinner with them,
from thence we went to
Brother Lyon[pers1514.ocp]'s to meeting
about 2 began the meeting
and there was a great [Numr | number]Numrnumber
of People; and I Spoke from
1 [Corin | Corinthians]CorinCorinthians VII[illegible] 29. 30 and I believe
the Lord was [preſent | present]preſentpresent with his
word, many of the People were
[Mov'd | moved]Mov'dmoved Some rejoiced and others
were [bowd | bowed]bowdbowed under the word
many [Trears | tears]Trearstears [wer | were]werwere Shed. Brother
was So [ful | full]fulfull he quite
[Boild | boiled]Boildboiled over, and he [kiſs'd | kissed]kiſs'dkissed us
all with a [kiſs | kiss]kiſskiss of Charity
not with his mouth, but with
his Heart, — [Stayd | Stayed]StaydStayed at the
Same [Houſe | house]Houſehouse all Night, ——

[Tueſday | Tuesday]TueſdayTuesday March, 13[1787-03-13]:

It was
a stormy Morning, it [Raind | rained]Raindrained
very hard, and So [Stayd | stayed]Staydstayed qui-
etly, had [agreable | agreeable]agreableagreeable entertain
ment both with victuals and
Drink and [Converſation | conversation]Converſationconversation, took
Dinner with them, and the rain
Slacked, and So I [Sot | set]Sotset [of | off]ofoff, for home,
[Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped a while at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Joſeph | Joseph]JoſephJoseph
's, [Prayd | prayed]Praydprayed with them, and
went on again, got home
[Juſt | just]Juſtjust after [Sun Set | sunset]Sun Setsunset. — —

[Fryday | Friday]FrydayFriday March 16[1787-03-16]:

went to
New London[place0164.ocp] on the Tribe[org0063.ocp]s
[Buſineſs | business]Buſineſsbusiness to See the De[illegible]eds of
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. John Raymond[pers1623.ocp], and [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
Ebenezer Smith [Jur | Jr.]JurJr.[pers1624.ocp]
I found
Smith[pers1624.ocp]s, but [Coud | could]Coudcould not find [Ray | Raymond]RayRaymond[pers1623.ocp]
got home again Some Time in
the evening. — —

[Sabb | Sabbath]SabbSabbath March 18[1787-03-18]:

Went to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
John Brown[pers1379.ocp]
s, [Calld | called]Calldcalled on [Docr | Dr.]DocrDr.
s, and [Sot | sat]Sotsat there a while
and then went on,— got to the
Place, about 10. and we be-
gan the meeting near 12: and
there was [Conſiderable | considerable]Conſiderableconsiderable [numr | number]numrnumber
of People, for a wet Day
and I Spoke from Hosea IV. 1
and the People were very atten
tive.— after meeting took Din
ner with the Family, and
Soon after went [homward | homeward]homwardhomeward
got home [Juſt | just]Juſtjust before [Sun
Sit | sun
, found my wife[pers0029.ocp] quite
poorly. —

[Sabb | Sabbath]SabbSabbath March 25[1787-03-25]

over to [Esqr | Esq.]EsqrEsq. [illegible][Aſa | Asa]AſaAsa Avery[pers1625.ocp]s
and there was a large [Nr | number]Nrnumber
of People, and I Spoke
from Mark VI. 6: and
the People attended well
[illegible]took [illegible]Dinner with the
Family, after [illegible]Meeting —
in the evening went
home again —

[Thirsday | Thursday]ThirsdayThursday[1787-03-29] and [Fryday | Friday]FrydayFriday March [above] 29.3029.30[1787-03-30]

attended on Tribe[org0063.ocp] affairs
with our [Overſeers | overseers]Overſeersoverseers[org0155.ocp], went
on our [Buſineſs | business]Buſineſsbusiness [with out | without]with outwithout
much Difficulty — —

[Fryday | Friday]FrydayFriday. April 6[1787-04-06]:

got up very
early and [Sot | set]Sotset [of | off]ofoff for New-
. got there [ther | there]therthere about
8 o: c and found a [paſage | passage]paſagepassage
going Directly to Sag [harb | Harbor]harbHarbor[place0418.ocp]
about 10 we [Sot | set]Sotset Sail
the [veſel | vessel]veſelvessel is [Calld | called]Calldcalled Starling
Packet, William Booth [above] [M | Master]MMaster[M | Master]MMaster[pers1293.ocp]
and we had Contr[illegible]ary [w | wind]wwind
and Small, and Contrary
Tide [alſo | also]alſoalso and we were
[obligd | obliged]obligdobliged to return back
to New London[place0164.ocp], got a
Shore again before [Sun
ſit | sun
, and I went over to gro
and [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
[Leſter | Lester]LeſterLester[pers0781.ocp]
s and was kindly
[receivd | received]receivdreceived.— had a Comfort
able [reſt | rest]reſtrest — —

Saturday April 7[1787-04-07]:

up very early and went
down to the [Fery | ferry]Feryferry, [Calld | called]Calldcalled
on [Esqr | Esq.]EsqrEsq. Leadyard[pers0322.ocp] and
he [deſired | desired]deſireddesired me to take
[Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast there, but
I was in [hast | haste]hasthaste and the
woman gave me a good [illegible][guess (ivys): [hunc[above] kk | hunk]hunc[above] kkhunk][hunc[above] kk | hunk]hunc[above] kkhunk
of Bread and maeat and
went directly over, and a
bout 8 we [Sot | set]Sotset Sail again
and had Small and Contra
ry, and we were obliged
to run into [Sea Brook | Saybrook]Sea BrookSaybrook[place0204.ocp] [& | and]&and
there we Spent the Night
and I lodged [a board | aboard]a boardaboard — —

[note (type: editorial): Blank page.][note (type: editorial): Blank page.][note (type: editorial): Blank page.]
[Rev.d | Rev.]Rev.dRev. [Saml | Samuel]SamlSamuel Buell[pers0006.ocp] [E Hamp | East Hampton]E HampEast Hampton[place0062.ocp]
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Woolworth[pers1346.ocp] [B: Hampton | Bridgehampton]B: HamptonBridgehampton[place0018.ocp]
[Rev.d | Rev.]Rev.dRev. [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Williams[pers1519.ocp] [S: | South]S:South Hampton[place0425.ocp]
[Rev.d | Rev.]Rev.dRev. [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Roſe | Rose]RoſeRose[pers1788.ocp] [Brook Haven | Brookhaven]Brook HavenBrookhaven[place0585.ocp]
[Rev.d | Rev.]Rev.dRev. Nathan Woodhull[pers1746.ocp], Hunting[above] tonton[place0406.ocp]
[Rev.d | Rev.]Rev.dRev. [Benjn | Benjamin]BenjnBenjamin [Gooldſmith | Gooldsmith]GooldſmithGooldsmith[pers1627.ocp]. [Aukup[above] pogpog | Aquebogue]Aukup[above] pogpogAquebogue[place0586.ocp]
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Zech. Green[pers1628.ocp] [Cauchug | Cutchogue]CauchugCutchogue[place0587.ocp]
Mohegan Tribe
The Mohegans are an Algonquian tribe located in New London County, Connecticut. The Mohegan Tribe spent most of the 18th century struggling to regain control over its territory from the colony of Connecticut in a protracted affair known as the Mason Land Case. The groundwork for the dispute was laid in 1659, when Uncas, the first Mohegan sachem after the tribe separated from the Pequot, entrusted the Tribe’s lands to John Mason, an Anglo-American who had been Uncas’ ally in the war against the Pequot. The following year, the colony of Connecticut persuaded Mason to transfer his stewardship of the Mohegan land to the colony. However, since Mason continued to act as trustee, it was unclear to what degree the colony was the tribe’s legal steward. Nonetheless, in the 1690s, Connecticut began selling off the land specifically set aside for Mohegan use. The Tribe brought its first legal challenges in 1704, and the case was tried multiple times in the colonies and England before it was decided in favor of the colony in 1773. The case split the Mohegan Tribe into two camps and led to serious interference in tribal self-government. When the sachem Caeser died in 1723 (when his son Mahomet was too young to lead), the Tribe split over whether the new sachem should be Caesar’s younger brother Ben Uncas, or John Uncas Jr., a more direct descendent of Uncas I. When Ben took the post, John gathered his supporters and moved half a mile down the road in protest. The Mohegans thus split into “Ben’s Town” and “John’s Town” (these designations correlated with the “sachem party” and the “Mason party,” respectively). When Ben Uncas II, Ben Uncas I’s son, became sachem in 1726, he maintained his family’s shaky hold on power by allying himself with the colony of Connecticut. In an unstated quid pro quo, Ben Uncas II and his son, Ben Uncas III, did not pursue the Mason Case, and in return, they received favors and political support from the colony, which proved critical on multiple occasions when the Mohegans elected alternate sachems. The colony, meanwhile, got to parade a supposedly legitimate sachem in front of Anglo-American and British authorities as proof that the Mason party was composed of rabble rousers. Ben Uncas II and Ben Uncas III, as part of their project of tying themselves to the colony, worshiped at the Anglo-American parish in New London under the ministry of David Jewett, a minister sponsored by the New England Company, a powerful missionary organization. As a form of resistance to Jewett and, by extension, the sachem party, many Mohegans elected to worship with indigenous leaders such as Samson Occom and Samuel Ashpo. Jewett was none too pleased, and the affair drew the New England Company in on the side of the sachem party and inspired its backlash against Samson Occom and his mentor, Eleazar Wheelock, throughout the 1760s. Something of a resolution came in 1769, when Ben Uncas III died. At his funeral, the pallbearers (Occom included) dropped his coffin in front of the representatives from the Connecticut Assembly — a clear indication of what they thought of the company the sachem kept. The Tribe dissolved the office of sachem rather than instituting Ben Uncas III’s son Isaiah (who died shortly afterwards, in 1770), but the damage had been done. The case was decided in favor of the colony in 1773. Samson Occom and Joseph Johnson, both Mohegan, were essential architects of the Brothertown movement, a coalition of Southern New England Algonquians that migrated to Oneida territory in 1775 and again in 1783. However, the majority of the Tribe did not emigrate, and today the Mohegan Tribe is federally recognized and still holds land in Connecticut.
Tribal Overseers
Several of the early colonies appointed prominent men called overseers as "guardians" of Indian interests and affairs, especially concerning the sale of lands and the rights to land use. In the Colony of Connecticut, overseers dealt directly with Tribes on behalf of the General Assembly and reported to it, and were allowed to levy fines on white settlers for abridgment of Native lands rights. These were particularly thorny issues for tribes like the Mohegans, who had long-standing treaties and understandings with the Colony and shared lands under dispute with white settlers in the contentious Mason Land Case. Although the position of overseer was created to apprise Indians of their rights and protect them, the historical record indicates that overseers intervened in and disrupted Mohegan tribal governance and served colonial interests. In March 1764, tribal overseers met with the Mohegan sachem Ben Uncas III, considered by Occom and others as a puppet of the Colony, and received a lease of Mohegan lands from Uncas for a white farmer. This violated previous agreements about land between the Mohegans and the tribal overseers and also disregarded traditional Mohegan protocols of consensus. Occom complained to Wheelock about this situation in a letter of May 7, 1764 (J. Brooks 71). The overseer arrangement continued, at least in Connecticut and Massachusetts, after statehood.
Stephen Town
Rhode Island

Rhode Island is a U.S. state located in southern New England along the Atlantic coast. What would become Rhode Island was originally inhabited by the Narragansett, Niantic, and Wampanoag peoples, who established semi-permanent villages of longhouses. They hunted deer, fished for tautog and striped bass, grew corn, beans, pumpkin, and squash, and gathered clams, oysters, and quahogs. From the quahog shell, the Narragansett Indians made the Native American currency wampum, which bolstered their wealth among other tribes in the region. In 1636, Roger Williams founded Providence following his expulsion from the Massachusetts Bay colony for what was perceived as his radical religious beliefs. Williams advocated dealing fairly with Native Americans and purchased the lands for Providence from the Narragansett sachems Canonicus and Miantonomi. In 1644, Williams received a charter from the British Parliament incorporating the towns of Providence, Portsmouth, and Newport as Providence Plantation and guaranteeing religious liberty. A 1663 charter issued by Charles II more firmly established the colony of Rhode Island, which tolerated different religions and maintained friendly relations with Native Americans until the outbreak of King Philip's War in 1675. This conflict resulted in the destruction of many colonial towns, including Providence. The Narragansett tribe was initially skeptical of missionaries, because of their experience of English land-grabbing, and because the church in Charlestown, RI had its own homegrown minister, a Narragansett separatist named Samuel Niles. Although the Narragansett tribal council approved the mission of Joseph Fish in 1765, which met with initial success, the tribe eventually asked Fish and Edward Deake, the schoolmaster he engaged, to leave Rhode Island in favor of Native ministers and teachers. Rhode Island residents actively protested British rule over the colonies and openly agitated for war. In 1772, a number of Rhode Islanders attacked and destroyed the British ship the Gaspee, and Rhode Island was the first state to openly declare independence from Great Britain prior to the adoption of the Declaration of Independence. Between two and five percent of Rhode Island Native Americans migrated to Brothertown.

Phillips Town
New Lebanon

Stockbridge is a small town on the Housatonic River in Berkshire County in western Massachusetts. The area was the home of the Mohekanew or Muh-he-ka-nuk people (people of the continually flowing waters), also known as the Mahicans, (or Mohicans and not to be confused with Mohegans from the Connecticut area), who had been driven there because of tensions with the Mohawk tribe over the expansion of the fur trade with the Dutch in the 17th century. European traders and settlers in the area brought disease and land greed, weakening the Mahicans and their traditional lifeways. In 1734, a missionary named John Sergeant from New Jersey came to live in the Mahican village of Wnahktukuk, baptizing those who accepted his teachings. In order to survive in a rapidly changing world, the Tribe accepted the misson and in 1736, the town of Stockbridge was created, named after a village in Hampshire, England, the last of the "praying towns" in Massachusetts, also known as "Indian Town." It was, for the English, strategically located along a military trail to Canada and created a Protestant buffer against Indian allegiance to the Catholic French. Sergeant built a church and schoolhouse, and brought four English families to settle there, ostensibly as models. Wappinger, Nipmuck and Tunxis Indians joined the community and the Mahicans made Stockbridge their chief village. They and the other Native peoples who lived there were called the "Stockbridge Indians." With the end of the French and Indian war, new settlers flooded into the town, buying up land and excluding the Indians from town government; the experimental community became divided into white and Indian neighborhoods. Although the Massachusetts General Court promised that the land given to the Indians as a reward for their service in the recent war and held in common would never be sold, that agreement was breached. In 1774, Indians from seven praying towns––Charlestown, Groton, Stonington, Niantic, Farmington, Montauk, and Mohegan––who were also in debt and dispossesed, accepted the invitaion of the Oneidas to settle on their lands in central New York state, but were driven back by the Revolution and retreated to Stockbridge. Eventually, in 1783 many Stockbridge Indians moved to Oneida lands and founded "new" Stockbridge near the Brotherton settlement established by Occom and other Mohegan Indians. Stockbridge, MA, was a destination for many of the missionaries trained by and associated with Wheelock and his Indian school, and eight Stockbridge Indians enrolled at Dartmouth College between 1771 and 1780. In 1778, Daniel Simon, a Narragansett Indian, one of five children in his family to go to Wheelock's Charity School, and the first Indian educated by Wheelock to receive a degree from Dartmouth College in 1777, was licensed to preach and taught at Stockbridge. As late as 1785, Occom recounts in his journals traveling to Stockbridge, MA to preach and visit Sergeant, Jr. and Kirkland, and finds the Indians "scattered," many removed to Oneida country.


The town of Cannan is located in northwestern Connecticut and is situated along the Housatonic River. Archeological evidence suggests that Native Americans inhabited this territory thousands of years ago. When the Europeans arrived in the early 18th century, the Weantinock tribe occupied the territory. An Indian trail called Berkshire Path ran through Canaan along the Housatonic River, connecting the Weantinock tribe with Indians from western Massachusetts to the North and the Pootatuck and Paugussett tribes to the South and stretched as far as Stratford, Connecticut. Several disputes over land and resources took place in the 18th century between the Indians and the settlers, which were decided by representatives of Connecticut’s General Court, who most often found in the settlers’ favor. The resources of the land that would become Canaan made this area attractive to settlers, who bid on townships in an auction organized by the General Assembly in the 1730s. In 1738, the town was sold in divisions of 53 shares and formally named Canaan after the biblical land. Canaan was incorporated in 1739, and the population quickly increased. By 1756, the Connecticut Assembly recorded only 1,000 Indians remaining in the colony. Throughout the 18th and early 19th centuries, many colonists in Canaan had slaves; however, slavery was slowly phased out through legal measures throughout this time period. During the French and Indian War, many people from Canaan fought against the French, and in 1760, Canaan men participated in a victorious siege against Montreal. Canaan colonists fought against the British in the Revolutionary War and the town provided goods and money for the cause. In 1858, the town was divided into Canaan and North Canaan.

Old Windsor

Groton is a town located in southeastern Connecticut between the Thames and Mystic Rivers. This land was originally settled by the Niantic tribe, who were forced out in the early 1600s by the Pequots. During the Pequot War in 1637, Captain John Mason’s soldiers and Indian allies attacked the Pequot’s Mystic fort, burning down the fort, killing mostly women and children, and largely displacing the Pequots. John Winthrop Jr. and his Puritan followers first settled Groton in 1646 as part of New London. In 1705, the General Court allowed the Groton inhabitants to incorporate as a separate town due to its increased population. The town was named Groton after Winthrop’s England estate. Farming, shipbuilding, and maritime trading sustained the Groton economy throughout the eighteenth century. Beginning in 1712, land disputes between the Connecticut government and the Pequot tribe in Groton ensued, and the Pequots sent many petitions and grievances to the Connecticut government. Legal battles concerning the colonists’ leasing of the 1,700 acres on which the Pequots lived continued throughout the 18th century, as missionaries came to the area to teach religion and establish schools. After the Revolutionary War, many Groton Pequots joined other Connecticut tribes and moved to the Brothertown settlement in upstate New York.

New London

New London is a city located in southeastern Connecticut along an estuary of the Atlantic Ocean called Long Island Sound. The area that would become New London was inhabited by the Pequots who called it Nameaug when the Europeans arrived in North America. Pequot villages bordered Long Island Sound and the Tribe had authority over the neighboring Tribes of the Mohegans and Niantics (all Algonquian-speaking tribes). The Dutch first explored this land in 1614 and established trade with the Native peoples, but the English soon gained possession of the land east of the Hudson in the 1630s. English animosity toward their Indian neighbors led to the Pequot War (1634-38), part of which took place in the present city of New London. The Pequots lost the war and their population deteriorated due to the violence and disease. The General Court of Massachusetts granted John Winthrop possession of Pequot territory in 1644 after which it was to be opened for settlement. By 1646, which is considered the official year of its founding, New London had permanent colonial inhabitants and municipal laws, and jurisdiction was granted to the colony of Connecticut in 1647. In 1658, the inhabitants renamed the town New London after London, England. New London was the colony of Connecticut’s first trading port and was a hub of trade with the West Indies and other colonies. Though initially part of the town of New London when it was first settled by the colonists, Groton, Montville, and Waterford were each separated from New London in 1705, 1786, and 1801 respectively. Present-day Salem was also part of New London when it was settled, but in 1819, it became a separate incorporated town composed of parts of Lyme, Colchester, and Montville. Occom kept a school in New London in the winter in 1748. New London was the home of Captain Nathaniel Shaw, one of the wealthiest merchants in the area, who gave money to Occom in the 1750s for the missionary cause and also sold materials to Occom for the building of his home. However, their positive relationship ended when Shaw refused to provide supplies for Mary Occom while Occom was in England. New London served as the port from which Occom and other missionaries traveled to reach Long Island. During the American Revolution, New London’s location and its status as a seaport made it both vulnerable to invasion and integral to colonial naval operations as well as the exchange of prisoners.New London was incorporated as a city in 1784.

Jewett City

Norwich is a city in New London County in the southeast corner of Connecticut. It was founded in 1659 when Major John Mason and Reverend James Fitch led English settlers inland from Old Saybrook, CT, on the coast. They bought land from Uncas, sachem of the local Mohegan tribe, and divided it into farms and businesses mainly in the three-mile area around the Norwichtown Green. In 1668, a wharf was built at Yantic Cove and in 1694 a public landing was built at the head of the Thames River, which allowed trade with England to flourish. The center of Norwich soon moved to the neighborhood around the harbor called "Chelsea." During the revolutionary period, when transatlantic trade was cut off, Norwich developed large mills and factories along the three rivers that cross the town: the Yantic, Shetucket and Thames, and supported the war effort by supplying soldiers, ships, and munitions. Norwich was the largest town in the vicinity in which Occom, Wheelock and their associates lived and worked, and it was possible to get there by water because of the harbor and access to the Long Island Sound. Lebanon, CT, the site of Wheelock's school, is 11 miles north and present-day Uncasville, the center of the Mohegan tribe, is a few miles south of Norwich. James Fitch did missionary work among the Mohegans in Norwich until his death in 1702, and Samuel Kirkland, the most important Protestant missionary to the Six Nations trained by Wheelock, was born in Norwich in 1741. On his evangelical tour of North America in 1764, George Whitefield planned to travel to Norwich to meet with Wheelock. The Connecticut Board of Correspondents of the Scottish Society for the Propagation of Christian Knowledge frequently met in Norwich, and many letters by people involved in the missionary efforts of Wheelock were written from Norwich.

Sag Harbor
Old Saybrook

Old Saybrook is a town located in southeastern Connecticut on the west bank of the Connecticut River, where it meets the Long Island Sound. The land that would become Old Saybrook was the territory of the Niantic Indians until the late 16th century when they were conquered by the Pequots. The first Europeans to settle in the area were Dutch, but by 1623 the colony failed due to harsh conditions. In 1635, English Puritans led by John Winthrop Jr. established a colony called Saybrook Plantation, hoping to deter the return of the Dutch. During the Pequot War of 1636, the powerful Pequot tribe conducted a siege of Saybrook Fort for eight months, but their population was ultimately decimated by the effort. Yale University, originally called Collegiate School of Connecticut, was founded in Old Saybrook in 1700 and then moved to New Haven in 1718. Because of its location, Old Saybrook was a convenient stopping point for Occom on his trips between Mohegan and Montauk, on Long Island, and was a point of embarkation for travel to other coastal cities by water. At least one Native American in Old Saybrook, the son of Josiah Wolcott, wanted to attend Wheelock’s school. Old Saybrook is one of the oldest towns in the state and was incorporated in 1854.

East Hampton

East Hampton is a town in New York's Suffolk county on southeast Long Island, 14 miles southwest of Montauk. East Hampton was originally inhabited by the Algonquin-speaking Montauketts, who numbered over 10,000 and had a peaceful trading relationship with the nearby Pequots until early 17th century when English colonists played the two tribes off each other. In 1640, after the Pequot War, an English settler named Lion Gardiner purchased an island in the bay between the present-day towns of Montauk and East Hampton from the Montauketts, which began the English settlement, or seizure, of the land that would become East Hampton. The Montauketts called the island Manchonacke, or island where many died, while Gardiner named the island after himself. In 1648, the colonies of New Haven and Connecticut purchased more land from the Montauketts, spreading beyond Gardiner's Island onto Long Island and settling the town of East Hampton. In 1664, East Hampton was annexed to the colony of New York. As the number of English settlers increased, the Montauketts became increasingly dispossessed, economically tied to the English but relegated to the bottom of the social order. By 1687, the English had fenced off the majority of Montaukett land through a series of resolutions, changing the tribal structure of the Montauketts and leaving them open to conversion to Christianity. In 1749, Occom had been released from his preparatory studies for college because of poor eyesight and went on a summer fishing trip to Montauk; he decided to settle there and by November had established a school for the Montauketts. He frequented East Hampton on his travels to New York and New England from his home in Montauk beginning in 1750, often staying with Reverend Samuel Buell of the Presbytery of Suffolk County, who presided over Occom's 1759 ordination at the Presbytery. While traveling through East Hampton, Occom also stayed with William Hedges, a whaling captain and one of his benefactors. One of Occom's letters indicates that Hedges took care of Occom's family while he completed his mission to the Oneidas in 1761. Occom's relationship to East Hampton changed in the 1770s, however, when he started to believe that the pervasive English influence on Montaukett society had become corrosive. As a result of Occom's encouragement, many of the Montauketts of East Hampton moved to Brothertown in the late 1780s.


Bridgehampton is a town on the southeastern tip of Long Island about 20 miles southwest of Montauk, NY. Its name is derived from the bridge English settlers built over nearby Sagg Pond in 1686. English settlement began on Long Island in 1640, when colonists from Massachusetts obtained land from the island's Shinnecock Indians. It wasn't until 1656, however, that the town of Bridgehampton was settled, when Josiah Stanborough built a homestead on Sagg Pond. Bridgehampton is now a part of the town of Southhampton, NY. Occom was associated with the Presbytery of Suffolk County in Bridgehampton and its Reverend James Brown. After meeting Occom at least two years earlier, Reverend Brown presided over Occom's ordination on August 29, 1759. Later, during Occom's many travels between his post as a missionary in Oneida and his home in Montauk, he often stayed with Brown at his home in Bridgehampton; they were close friends. In 1769, Occom visited Bridgehampton after confessing to "intemperate drinking" in a letter to the Presbytery. On November 1 of that year, the Bridgehampton ministers gave Occom the benefit of the doubt, concluded that he had simply been intoxicated from lack of food and a small amount of alcohol, and indicated their resepct.

South Hampton

Aquebogue is a hamlet in Riverhead, NY, which is the seat of Suffolk County on Long Island. The hamlet, whose name is Algonquian for “end of water place” and has been spelled 23 different ways in town records, sits at the mouth of the Peconic River. Originally, the Algonquian-speaking Shinnecocks occupied the area. By the 1640s, however, English settlement on Long Island had spread to Aquebogue, and in 1661, the settlers compelled the Shinnecocks to sign an agreement to give their acquisition of Shinnecock land legal pretenses. By 1711, the entire area was allotted into 250-acre plots. At this time, Aquebogue was officially considered a part of Southold, a town on the northeastern tip of Long Island. In 1731, settlers constructed the Aquebogue Meeting House as a local church, and in the 1750s, the Meeting House split, as dissenters left to found what they called a "Strict Congregational Church." It is likely Occom visited Aquebogue during his travels in Long Island, especially given his acquaintance with Reverend Benjamin Goldsmith, the popular Presbyterian minister who presided over the Aquebogue church for 46 years. English troops occupied Aquebogue for the entire Revolutionary War after Washington’s defeat in the Battle of Long Island, and many residents signed loyalty oaths to their occupiers. In 1792, as Long Island fell under the jurisdiction of the State of New York, Southold, which encompassed Aquebogue, was divided into separate towns, including Riverhead, NY. Since then, Aquebogue has been a part of Riverhead.


Lebanon is a town located in the state of Connecticut southwest of the town of Hartford. The land that became Lebanon was inhabited at least 10,000 years ago based on the archeological record. By the 1600s, the land was permanently inhabited by the Mohegan Indians, who used the area primarily for hunting. Lebanon was officially formed in 1700 when English settlers consolidated a number of land tracts, including several land grants by the Connecticut General Assembly and lands purchased from the Mohegans. However, these purchases were controversial. In 1659, the Mohegans entrusted their reserve land to Major John Mason, and in the following year, Mason transferred this land to the Connecticut colonial government with the understanding that there would be enough land left for the Mohegans to farm. The Mohegans claimed that they never authorized a transfer to the colonial government and only Mason’s heirs were entrusted with their land. In 1662, Connecticut, which included the Mohegan land that had been entrusted to the Masons, was incorporated by a royal charter. Based on this charter, the colony argued that the land was now the property of the government. In 1687, the colony began granting the Mohegan land to townships, and in 1704 the Masons petitioned the Crown on behalf of the Mohegans, claiming that such transfers of land to townships were illegal. Between the years of 1705 and 1773 legal disputes and controversies persisted, finally ending in a verdict by the Crown against the Mohegans. In 1755, Wheelock received property and housing in Lebanon that he would use as his house and school. While Lebanon was originally incorporated as a part of New London County in 1700, in 1724 it became a part of New Windham, before once again becoming a part of New London County in 1826. Lebanon was central to the American Revolution with half of its adult population fighting for the colonists and hundreds of meetings convened in the town for the revolutionary cause.


The first English immigrant to settle on a peninsula in a harbor on the northeastern coast of North America the local Algonquin Indians called "Shawmet" was William Blackstone in 1629. A year later, John Winthrop arrived with a group of English Puritans and other settlers and named the area Boston after his hometown in Lincolnshire, England. The colony quickly developed representative political institutions that would help shape a democratic nation. Over the next few centuries, Boston emerged as an intellectual and educational center, and, because of its excellent harbor, became a leading commercial hub and a primary port for North America. It is the capital and largest city of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, and the largest city in New England. Boston was the home for the Boards of Commissioners of several overseas religious societies who sent missionaries throughout the colonies in the 18th century, and was the site of many important events of the American Revolution.

Occom, Samson

Samson Occom was a Mohegan leader and ordained Presbyterian minister. Occom began his public career in 1742, when he was chosen as a tribal counselor to Ben Uncas II. The following year, he sought out Eleazar Wheelock, a young Anglo-American minister in Lebanon, CT, in hopes of obtaining some education and becoming a teacher at Mohegan. Wheelock agreed to take on Occom as a student, and though Occom had anticipated staying for a few weeks or months, he remained with Wheelock for four years. Occom’s academic success inspired Wheelock to open Moor’s Indian Charity School in 1754, a project which gave him the financial and political capital to establish Dartmouth College in 1769. After his time with Wheelock, Occom embarked on a 12-year mission to the Montauk of Long Island (1749-1761). He married a Montauk woman, Mary Fowler, and served as both teacher and missionary to the Montauk and nearby Shinnecock, although he was grievously underpaid for his services. Occom conducted two brief missions to the Oneida in 1761 and 1762 before embarking on one of the defining journeys of his career: a fundraising tour of Great Britain that lasted from 1765 to 1768. During this journey, undertaken on behalf of Moor’s Indian Charity School, Occom raised £12,000 (an enormous and unanticpated amount that translates roughly to more than two-million dollars), and won wide acclaim for his preaching and comportment. Upon his return to Mohegan in 1768, Occom discovered that Wheelock had failed to adequately care for his family while he was gone. Additionally, despite the vast sums of money that he had raised, Occom found himself unemployed. Wheelock tried to find Occom a missionary position, but Occom was in poor health and disinclined to leave his family again after seeing the treatment with which they had met while he was in Britain. Occom and Wheelock’s relationship continued to sour as it became apparent to Occom that the money he had labored to raise would be going towards infrastructure at Dartmouth College, Wheelock’s new project, rather than the education of Native Americans. After the dissolution of his relationship with Wheelock, Occom became increasingly focused on the needs of the Mohegan community and increasingly vocal in criticizing Anglo-Americans’ un-Christian treatment of Native Americans. In September of 1772, he delivered his famous “Sermon on the Execution of Moses Paul,” which took Anglo-American spiritual hypocrisy as one of its major themes, and which went into four printings before the end of the year. In 1773, Occom became further disillusioned when the Mason Land Case was decided in favor of the Colony of Connecticut. The details of the Mason Case are complicated, but to summarize: the Colony of Connecticut had gained control of Mohegan land early in the 18th century under very suspect circumstances, and successfully fended off the Mohegan’s 70-year-long legal challenge. The conclusion of the case came as a blow to the Mohegans, and further convinced Occom of Anglo-American corruption. Along with David Fowler (Montauk Tribe), Occom's brother-in-law, and Joseph Johnson (Mohegan), Occom's son-in-law, Occom helped found Brothertown, an Indian tribe formed from the Christian Mohegans, Pequots, Narragansetts, Montauks, Tunxis, and Niantics. They eventually settled in Oneida country in upstate New York. Occom moved there with his family in 1789, spending the remaining years of his life serving as a minster to the Brothertown, Stockbridge, and Mohegan Indians. Harried by corrupt land agents, the Brothertown and Stockbridge groups relocated to the eastern shore of Lake Winnebago, though Occom died in 1792 before he could remove himself and his family there. Occom's writings and legacy have made him one of the best known and most eminent Native Americans of the 18th century and beyond.

Albertson, William
Schermerhorn, John
Spencer, Jabez
Brockway, Nathan
Wheeler, Samuel
Gardner, Joshua
Shelden, Ezekiel
Price, Rufus
Sergeant, Jr., John

John Sergeant Jr., like his father, served as a minister in Stockbridge, MA. In 1773, Stephen West, the minister to the Stockbridge Indians since 1757, decided to leave his post and turned over ministering duties to John Sergeant Jr. Stockbridge, MA, which John Sergeant Sr. helped establish, failed as a Christian Indian town when the Stockbridge Indians lost ownership of their land. When the Oneida Tribe offered the Stockbridgers land in central New York after the American Revolution, many of them moved to the Brothertown and New Stockbridge settlements. The Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge funded Sergeant Jr. in 1787 to continue serving as a minister to the Stockbridge Indians who moved to New York. Sergeant travelled from Stockbridge, MA, to New Stockbridge every year to serve as their minister. In 1788, the Stockbridge Indians at New Stockbridge were divided in their support for Occom or John Sergeant as the town’s minister. Mohican sachem Hendrick Aupaumut led the community members who favored Occom. According to Sergeant, 30 members of the Tribe were in favor of Occom while 50 were in favor of him (later, half of Occom’s supporters defected to Sergeant). The relationship between Sergeant and Occom was contentious, with Occom disliking Sergeant’s manner of preaching. Occom moved to Munhegunnack or New Stockbridge in 1791 and suggests in a letter that many of Sergeant’s supporters were shifting support to Occom. In his sermons, Sergeant blamed the Indians’ loss of land on what he described as their drunkenness and idleness. He suggested that the whites’ encroachment on their lands was God’s punishment for their sins. Sergeant remained the New Stockbridge minister until his death in 1824.

Yoke, Jehoiakim

Captain Jehoiakim Yoke is likely a Stockbridge Indian who enlisted with colonial forces during the American Revolution. Yoke rose through the ranks to become the Captain of a company of Indian rangers. It appears that he primarily fought on the war's western front, often against Native Americans loyal to Great Britain, and was a part of the infamous Sullivan Expedition. In response to a number of successful raids by Native allies of the British, George Washington tasked General John Sullivan with destroying Indian villages and decimating Indian food supplies in western New York. By the end of the expedition, General Sullivan’s army had destroyed more than 40 villages. A Captain Jehoiakim Yoke is mentioned in the Revolutionary War writing of David Freemoyer. In Freemoyer’s account, Captain Yoke and Freemoyer’s men were involved in conflicts with Native American troops under the command of the Mohawk leader (and Moor's alumnus) Joseph Brant. In his Revolutionary War journal, Chaplain William Rogers refers to a Captain Jehoiakim, an Indian from Stockbridge. In his entries from June of 1779, Rogers describes an incident where Native allies of the British attempted to reconnoiter the Colonial encampment but were driven away. This Captain Jehoiakim and two other Stockbridge Indians pursued the Native Americans but were unsuccessful in capturing them. William DeLoss Love writes about a Timothy Yokens, who became a captain of a company of Indian rangers. Given the similar descriptions of this Stockbridge Indian captain, it seems that the sources may be referring to the same man, with whom Occom lodged several times in 1786.

Eno, Samuel
Adams, Olive (née Occom)

Olive was the fourth child and third daughter born to Mary Fowler Occom and Samsom Occom during their residence in Montauk on Long Island, where Occom served as minister and schoolteacher to the Montaukett Indians. She would have moved with the family back to Mohegan in Connecticut in 1763, but little else is known about her life. From a letter Occom wrote to Joseph Johnson on April 14, 1775 (manuscript 775264), we know that Olive married Solomon Adams, a Farmington Indian. Love reports that they had three children, that Solomon died around 1783, and that Olive lived on her husband's land in Farmington. However, Occom records in his journal for 1786 visiting Olive on his preaching and fundraising tours of New England to raise money for the Brothertown project, and she is living between Old Windsor and Bolton, CT, a location northwest of Farmington and on the other side of Hartford. The following year, Occom twice mentions in his journal "Olive's affair," that he "searched into" it "and Say Writings about it to my Satisfaction," and then "left" it with a Mr. Wadsworth (manuscript 787660.1). Love notes that Olive emigrated to Brotherton, and that her children sold the family plot at Farmington in 1801. J. Brooks speculates that the "affair" Occom negotiated for his daughter probably concerned the disposition of Olive's husband's Farmington lot.

Colton, George
Occom, Benoni

Benoni Occom (also known as Benjamin, Noney, and Nony) was Samson Occom and Mary Fowler’s seventh child and second son. Like Aaron Occom (Benoni’s elder brother, who died in 1771 after a wild young adulthood), Benoni did not live up to his parents’ standards for behavior. Unlike Aaron, he was not sent to Moor’s Indian Charity School; the difference may reflect Samson and Mary’s declining opinion of Eleazar Wheelock. Benoni’s behavior led Samson and Mary to kick him out of the house in July 1780, but the family had reconciled by 1788 (perhaps following 1787 rumors that Benoni had been hanged in Boston for murder). Although Benoni remained at Mohegan instead of moving to Brothertown, later letters from Occom to Benoni suggest that they were close and that Benoni visited his parents frequently. Later in life, Benoni was active in attempts to define Mohegan identity by petitioning to exclude anyone of African descent from tribal membership. His petition in this affair might indicate broader political involvement in tribal matters.

Occom, Mary (née Fowler)

Mary Occom (née Fowler) was a Montaukett woman who married Samson Occom. Although information about her is limited and often comes from male, Anglo-American sources, it offers a tantalizing glimpse of her strength, as well as an alternative to the Eleazar Wheelock-centered narrative of Occom’s life that often dominates the latter’s biography. Mary was born into the influential Fowler family at Montauk, Long Island. She met Samson during his missionary service there (1749-1761). Mary studied at Samson’s school along with her brothers David and Jacob, and was almost certainly literate. She and Samson married in 1751. Wheelock and several other Anglo-American powers opposed their union because they worried it might distract Occom from being a missionary (as, indeed, family life did), and thus many scholars have read in Samson and Mary’s marriage an act of resistance against Samson’s domineering former teacher. Little information about the minutiae of Mary’s life survives, but existing sources speak volumes about her character and priorities. In front of Anglo-American missionaries visiting the Occoms' English-style house at Mohegan, Mary would insist on wearing Montaukett garb and, when Samson spoke to her in English, she would only reply in Montaukett, despite the fact that she was fluent in English. Mary Occom was, in many ways, Wheelock’s worst fear: that his carefully groomed male students would marry un-Anglicized Indian women. It is not a stretch to imagine that Mary provided much of the incentive for Wheelock to begin taking Indian girls into his school, lest his other protégés replicate Samson’s choice. Much of our information about Mary comes from between 1765 and 1768, when Samson was fundraising in Great Britain. Despite promising to care for Samson’s wife and family (at the time they had seven children), Wheelock, by every objective measure, failed to do so, and Mary’s complaints are well documented. Hilary Wyss reads in Wheelock’s neglect (and in letters from the time) a more sinister story, and concludes that on some level Wheelock was holding Samson’s family hostage, in return for Occom curtailing his political beliefs on the Mason Case. Wyss also notes Mary’s remarkable survivance in this situation. Mary drew on various modes of contact, from letters to verbal communication with influential women (including Sarah Whitaker, the wife of Samson’s traveling companion, and Wheelock’s own daughters), to shame Wheelock into action and demand what she needed. One of the major struggles in Mary’s life, and in Samson’s, was with their sons. Both Aaron and Benoni failed to live up to their parents’ expectations. Aaron attended, and left, Moor’s Indian Charity School three times, and both Aaron and Benoni struggled with alcohol and refused to settle down. The Occom daughters did not cause similar problems. Given the nature of existing sources, little is known about Mary after Samson and Wheelock lessened their communication in 1771. Joanna Brooks has conjectured that Mary was likely influential in Samson’s Mohegan community involvement later in life, for instance, in his continued ministry to Mohegan and, perhaps, his increasingly vehement rejection of Anglo-American colonial practices.

Quaquaquid, Henry

Henry Quaquaquid was a Mohegan Indian who was active in both political and religious tribal affairs. In 1742 he, as a counselor, signed a petition that declared John Uncas as the rightful successor of Sachem Mahomet; however, the following year Quaquaquid, along with Occom and nine other counselors, signed Ben Uncas’s counter proclamation. As supporters of Ben Uncas, Occom and Quaquaquid lived in Ben’s Town rather than John’s Town, the home of the Ashpos. Nonetheless, they eventually changed their minds and joined the Ashpos in an effort to counteract tribal corruption and disunion. Around 1760, Ben Uncas III claimed that the rival faction had established Quaquaquid as sachem. Quaquaquid was also involved in the Mason case and acted as a messenger. He sought to protect the Mohegans’ native rights, and in 1785 signed a petition, along with Occom and four others, to the Connecticut General Assembly asking for unrestricted fishing privileges. In 1789, Quaquaquid and Robert Ashpo appealed to the Connecticut Assembly again seeking aid, and as in the original petition, stressed their friendship. Additionally, Quaquaquid often accompanied Occom during his missionary tours, such as those of 1757 and 1785. He also acted as a deacon, possibly at a church that Occom established in Mohegan. Quaquaquid did not move to Brothertown, but remained in Mohegan with his family.

Latham, Robert

Captain Robert Latham was part of the large, ferry-man and ship-building Latham families of Groton and New London, Connecticut, several of whom Occom mentions in his journals. Robert's father was Daniel Latham, born April 16, 1719 in New London and his mother was Elizabeth. He was the youngest of five. After that, there is no more information about Captain Robert Latham except what we learn from Occom's journals for 1784-89. In his itinerant preaching in the area, Occom held meetings at Captain Latham's house, lodged, dined with and called on Latham and his wife several times, and used his Christian cards for exercises with them, describing them as a "very agreeable and discreet couple." The Captain must have been fond of Occom, because he sent a present of tea to Occom's wife in 1784. Going back and forth between Groton and New London in southern Connecticut required a ferry across the Thames River. Robert was likely a descendant of the first ferryman in this area, Cary Latham, who appears in the record during the 1680s. His successors, William and Thomas Latham, operated a shipyard in Groton where they built and launched ships. In 1807, this became the Latham Brothers company. It is not clear if Robert's title refers to his seafaring or military service. Although there is no mention of a Robert Latham in the records, members of the extended Latham family from Groton served with distinction and were captured, wounded, or killed in the Revolutionary War, participating in the Battle of Groton Heights and the storming of Fort Griswold.

Saunders, Giddeon
Babcock, Abel

Mrs. Latham was the wife of Captain Robert Latham, who was part of the extensive Latham family in Groton and New London, Connecticut. She lived in Groton with her husband, who was a friend and supporter of Occom. We know from Occom's journals for 1784-89 that he held meetings at the Lathams' house, lodged, dined with and called on the Lathams on several occasions as he crossed back and forth from Groton to New London on the ferry, which was likely operated by a descendant of Cary Latham, the first ferryman there in the 1680s. Occom notes several intriguing facts about Mrs. Latham: that she "looks quite young," which suggests she was Captain Latham's second wife, that they have no children, and that on occasion -- for example, after William Avery's funeral in January 1786 -- he calls on her specifically .

Lester, Eliphalet
Jewett, Eleizer

Unidentified Smith.

Spicer, Silas
Williams, John
Avery, T.
Williams, Isaac
Smith, Joseph
Brewster, Dyer
Sunsummon, Jo
Raymond, John
Smith, Ebenezer Jr.
Brown, John
Avery, Asa
Booth, William
Ledyard, John
Buell, Samuel

Buell was a popular Presbyterian minister during the second half of the 18th century in Long Island, as well as a close friend of Samson Occom. He was ordained in November 1743, and was a popular itinerant minister before settling at Easthampton. He preached at Occom's ordination, published the sermon in 1761 to raise funds for Occom (he also wrote the letter addressed to Bostwick prefacing his publication), and stayed in close contact with Occom even after Occom's public break from Wheelock. Occom's diary is full of references to visiting Buell and to their close friendship. During the Revolution, Buell was the only minister on Long Island for 40 miles, and was very active in assisting the American cause. He also founded Clinton Academy on Long Island in 1785, which was the first private school chartered by the New York Board of Regents. This academy was also remarkable in that it admitted women. Multiple historical sources have misconstrued Samuel Buell as Sol or Solomon Buell, likely because Buell sometimes signed his name Sa.l, a creative abbreviation of Samuel. However, there was no Reverend Solomon Buell in Easthampton, or, it seems, Long Island, in the second half of the 18th century: Samuel had no brothers, and were there to be two Reverend S. Buell's within 10 miles of one another during the same period, related or not, doubtlessly someone would have commented on it. In addition, the handwriting in letters ascribed to "Sol" and those assigned to Samuel is identical. Lastly, the only source besides collection manuscript 765530.3 describing a "Solomon Buell" is an anthology of letters from the Revolution, which contain letters from a Rev. Sol. Buell, or S. Buell, about aiding the American cause. These letters correspond well with descriptions of Samuel's life in an 1809 biography of his life, and, as he was the only Reverend but one for 40 miles during the Revolution, it is likely that these letters belong to him.

Woodhull, Nathan
Goldsmith, Benjamin
Green, Zechariah
Document Summary

People identified in this document:

id Text in document Role in header Authorized Name
pers1291.ocp M r Mr. William Albe r tſon Albertson mentioned Albertson, William
pers0940.ocp Esq r Esq. Woodwoth mentioned Woodworth
pers1535.ocp M r Mr. Tobias mentioned Tobias
pers1537.ocp M r Mr. Robenſon Robenson mentioned Robinson
pers1585.ocp Esq r Esq. Skermehorn mentioned Schermerhorn, John
pers1538.ocp M r Mr. Dimon mentioned Dimond
pers1586.ocp M rs Mrs. Dimon mentioned Dimond
pers1585.ocp Esq r Esq. Skermehor ns mentioned Schermerhorn, John
pers1538.ocp M r Mr. Dimond mentioned Dimond
pers1586.ocp his wife mentioned Dimond
pers1587.ocp M r Mr. Jabez Spencer mentioned Spencer, Jabez
pers1588.ocp M r Mr. Na- than Brockway mentioned Brockway, Nathan
pers1585.ocp Esq r Esq. John Scharmarhorn mentioned Schermerhorn, John
pers1589.ocp M r Mr. Samu l el Wheeler mentioned Wheeler, Samuel
pers1587.ocp M r Mr. Spencer mentioned Spencer, Jabez
pers0779.ocp M r Mr. Jones mentioned Jones
pers1590.ocp M r Mr. Joſhua Joshua Gardner mentioned Gardner, Joshua
pers1591.ocp M r Mr. Ezekiel Shelden mentioned Shelden, Ezekiel
pers1592.ocp Hammond mentioned Hammond
pers1591.ocp M r Mr. Shelden mentioned Shelden, Ezekiel
pers1593.ocp M r Mr. Hayward mentioned Hayward
pers1594.ocp M r Mr. Rufus Price mentioned Price, Rufus
pers1588.ocp M r Mr. Brockway mentioned Brockway, Nathan
pers1594.ocp M r Mr. Price mentioned Price, Rufus
pers1747.ocp M r Mr. D Gard ner mentioned Gardner
pers1595.ocp M rs Mrs. Goodrich mentioned Goodrich
pers1596.ocp her Son mentioned Goodrich
pers1592.ocp M r Mr. Hammond mentioned Hammond
pers1597.ocp M r Mr. Goodrich mentioned Goodrich
pers1598.ocp M r Mr. Patchin mentioned Patchin
pers0899.ocp Cap t Capt. Jones mentioned Jones
pers1600.ocp Wife mentioned Jones
pers1601.ocp M r Mr. Abot mentioned Abot
pers1265.ocp M r Mr. Pery mentioned Perry
pers0858.ocp M r Mr. Miller mentioned Miller
pers1602.ocp M r Mr. Collin mentioned Collin
pers0470.ocp M r Mr. Sar gant Ser geant mentioned Sergeant, Jr., John
pers0941.ocp Cap t Capt. Youk Yoke' mentioned Yoke, Jehoiakim
pers1603.ocp Lucreſhas Lucreshas mentioned Lucresha
pers0941.ocp Cap t Capt. Yoke mentioned Yoke, Jehoiakim
pers1247.ocp M r Mr. Babcock mentioned Babcock
pers1604.ocp M r Mr. Eno mentioned Eno
pers1605.ocp M r Mr. Wallin mentioned Wallin
pers1329.ocp Esq r Esq. Roberts mentioned Roberts
pers0791.ocp M r Mr. Walcut mentioned Wolcott
pers1606.ocp M r Mr. Samuel Eno mentioned Eno, Samuel
pers1607.ocp M r Mr. Felley mentioned Felley
pers1608.ocp Deacon Manley mentioned Manley
pers0791.ocp M r Mr. Wolcott mentioned Wolcott
pers1609.ocp M r Mr. L Rowland mentioned Rowland
pers0397.ocp Daughter t Olive mentioned Adams, Olive (née Occom)
pers1610.ocp M r Mr. B Colton mentioned Colton, George
pers1611.ocp M r Mr. Lomis mentioned Lomis
pers1612.ocp Cap t Capt. Hide mentioned Hide
pers1613.ocp M r Mr. Champion mentioned Champion
pers0028.ocp my Son mentioned Occom, Benoni
pers0029.ocp my wife mentioned Occom, Mary (née Fowler)
pers0817.ocp Deacon Henry Quaquaquid mentioned Quaquaquid, Henry
pers0903.ocp Cap t Capt. Robert Latham mentioned Latham, Robert
pers0913.ocp M r Mr. gidion Saunders mentioned Saunders, Giddeon
pers1614.ocp M r Mr. abel Babcock mentioned Babcock, Abel
pers0913.ocp M r Mr. Saunders mentioned Saunders, Giddeon
pers1317.ocp M rs Mrs. Latham mentioned Latham
pers1272.ocp M r Mr. Street mentioned Street
pers0872.ocp M r Mr. Wood mentioned Wood
pers0781.ocp M r Mr. Leſter Lester mentioned Lester, Eliphalet
pers1615.ocp M r Mr. Elea Eleizer Jewet Jewett mentioned Jewett, Eleizer
pers1615.ocp M r Mr. Jewe t Jewett mentioned Jewett, Eleizer
pers1616.ocp Deacon Tracy mentioned Tracy
pers1430.ocp M r Mr. Reed mentioned Reed
pers0891.ocp M rs Mrs. Fitch mentioned Fitch
pers0499.ocp M r Mr. Smith mentioned Smith
pers0907.ocp Doc. r Dr. Maſh Mash mentioned Marsh
pers1617.ocp Widow Pauhquunnup mentioned Pauhquunnup
pers1618.ocp M r Mr. Silus Spicer mentioned Spicer, Silas
pers0827.ocp M r Mr. John Williams mentioned Williams, John
pers0886.ocp M r Mr. Chappel mentioned Chapel
pers1620.ocp M r Mr. T. Avery mentioned Avery, T.
pers0907.ocp Doc r Dr. Marſh Marsh mentioned Marsh
pers0129.ocp Brother Clarke mentioned Clark
pers1019.ocp M r Mr. Palm er mentioned Palmer
pers1619.ocp M. r Mr. Isaac W ms Williams mentioned Williams, Isaac
pers1514.ocp M r Mr. Lion mentioned Lyon
pers1621.ocp Joſeph Joseph Smith mentioned Smith, Joseph
pers1194.ocp M r Mr. Chapman mentioned Chapman
pers0907.ocp Doc r Dr. Marſhe Marshe mentioned Marsh
pers1514.ocp Elder Lyon mentioned Lyon
pers1514.ocp Brother Lyon mentioned Lyon
pers1622.ocp M r Mr. Dyer Brewſters Brewsters mentioned Brewster, Dyer
pers0930.ocp Brother Sunſummon Sunsummon mentioned Sunsummon, Jo
pers0129.ocp M r Mr. Clark mentioned Clark
pers1621.ocp M r Mr. Joſeph Joseph Smith mentioned Smith, Joseph
pers1623.ocp M r Mr. John Raymond mentioned Raymond, John
pers1624.ocp M r Mr. Ebenezer Smith Ju r Jr. mentioned Smith, Ebenezer Jr.
pers1624.ocp Smith mentioned Smith, Ebenezer Jr.
pers1623.ocp Ray Raymond mentioned Raymond, John
pers1379.ocp M r Mr. John Brown mentioned Brown, John
pers0640.ocp Doc r Dr. Roger mentioned Rodgers
pers1625.ocp Esq r Esq. Aſa Asa Avery mentioned Avery, Asa
pers1293.ocp William Booth M Master mentioned Booth, William
pers0322.ocp Esq r Esq. Leadyard mentioned Ledyard, John
pers0006.ocp Rev. d Rev. Sam l Samuel Buell mentioned Buell, Samuel
pers1346.ocp M r Mr. Woolworth mentioned Woolworth
pers1519.ocp Rev. d Rev. M r Mr. Williams mentioned Williams
pers1788.ocp Rev. d Rev. M r Mr. Roſe Rose mentioned Rose
pers1746.ocp Rev. d Rev. Nathan Woodhull mentioned Woodhull, Nathan
pers1627.ocp Rev. d Rev. Benj n Benjamin Gooldſmith Gooldsmith mentioned Goldsmith, Benjamin
pers1628.ocp M r Mr. Zech. Green mentioned Green, Zechariah

Places identified in this document:

id Text in document Authorized Name
place0578.ocp Stephe n Town Stephen Town
place0196.ocp Rhod Rhode Island State Rhode Island
place0381.ocp Philips-Town Phillips Town
place0578.ocp Stephen-Town Stephen Town
place0579.ocp Handcock Hancock
place0580.ocp Jaricho Jericho Jericho
place0378.ocp New Lebanon New Lebanon
place0384.ocp Richmound Richmond
place0225.ocp Stockbridge Stockbridge
place0024.ocp Canaan Canaan
place0581.ocp Wi l tenbury Wiltenbury
place0517.ocp old Windſor Windsor Old Windsor
place0582.ocp Bolton Bolton
place0122.ocp Lebanon Lebanon
place0013.ocp Boſton Boston Boston
place0092.ocp Groton Groton
place0164.ocp New London New London
place0583.ocp Jewet Jewett City Jewett City
place0584.ocp Newent Newent
place0174.ocp Norwich Norwich
place0092.ocp groton Indian Town Groton
place0365.ocp Canterbury Canterbury
place0528.ocp Scotland Scotland
place0092.ocp groton Groton
place0164.ocp New- London New London
place0418.ocp Sag harb Harbor Sag Harbor
place0092.ocp gro ton Groton
place0204.ocp Sea Brook Saybrook Old Saybrook
place0062.ocp E Hamp East Hampton East Hampton
place0018.ocp B: Hampton Bridgehampton Bridgehampton
place0425.ocp S: South Hampton South Hampton
place0585.ocp Brook Haven Brookhaven Brookhaven
place0406.ocp Hunting ton Huntington
place0586.ocp Aukup pog Aquebogue Aquebogue
place0587.ocp Cauchug Cutchogue Cutchogue

Organizations identified in this document:

id Text in document Authorized Name
org0063.ocp the Tribe Mohegan Tribe
org0063.ocp Tribe Mohegan Tribe
org0155.ocp our Overſeersoverseers Tribal Overseers

Dates identified in this document:

Standard Form Text
1786-12-11 Monday DecrDecember 11
1785-12-12 TueſdayTuesday DecrDecember 12
1786-12-13 WedneſdayWednesday DecrDecember 13
1786-12-14 ThirdsdayThursday DecrDecember 14
1786-12-15 FrydayFriday DecrDecember 15
1786-12-16 Saturday DecrDecember 16
1786-12-17 SabbSabbath DecrDecember 17
1786-12-18 Monday DecrDecember 18
1786-12-19 TueſdayTuesday DecrDecember 19
1786-12-20 WedneſdayWednesday DecrDecember 20
1786-12-21 ThirdsdayThursday DecrDecember 21
1786-12-22 FrydayFriday DecrDecember 22
1786-12-23 Saturday DecrDecember 23
1786-12-24 Sabb.Sabbath DecrDecember 24
1786-12-25 Monday DecrDecember 25
1786-12-26 TueſdayTuesday DecrDecember 26
1786-12-27 WedneſdayWednesday DecrDecember 27
1786-12-28 ThirdſdayThursday DecrDecember 28
1786-12-29 FrydayFriday DecrDecember 29
1786-12-31 Sabb.Sabbath DecrDecember 31
1787-01-01 JanrJanuary 1: 1787
1787-01-02 TueſdayTuesday JanrJanuary 2
1787-01-03 WedneſdayWednesday JanrJanuary 3
1787-01-04 ThirdsdayThursday JanrJanuary 4
1787-01-07 SabbSabbath JanrJanuary 7
1787-01-11 ThirdsdayThursday JanrJanuary 11
1787-01-19 FrydayFriday JanrJanuary 19
1787-01-20 Saturday JanrJanuary 20
1787-01-21 SabbSabbath JanrJanuary 21
1787-01-22 Monday JanrJanuary 22:
1787-01-23 TueſdayTuesday JanrJanuary 23
1787-01-27 SaturdSaturday JanrJanuary 27
1787-01-28 SabbSabbath JanrJanuary 28
1787-01-29 Mondady JanrJanuary 29
1787-02-04 SabbSabbath FebrurFebruary 4
1787-02-07 WedneſdayWednesday FebrurFebruary 7
1787-02-10 Saturday FebrurFebruary 10
1787-02-10 Sabb:Sabbath FebrFebruary 11
1787-02-12 Monday FebrurFebruary 12
1787-02-16 FrydayFriday FebrrFebruary 16
1787-02-17 Monday FebrFebruary 17
1787-02-24 Saturday FebryFebruary 24
1787-02-25 Sabb.Sabbath FeburrFebruary 25
1787-02-26 Monday FebrFebruary 26
1787-03-04 Sabb:Sabbath March 4
1787-03-11 Sabb.Sabbath March 11
1787-03-12 Monday March 12
1787-03-13 TueſdayTuesday March, 13
1787-03-16 FrydayFriday March 16
1787-03-18 SabbSabbath March 18
1787-03-25 SabbSabbath March 25
1787-03-29 ThirsdayThursday
1787-03-30 FrydayFriday March 29.30
1787-04-06 FrydayFriday. April 6
1787-04-07 Saturday April 7

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variation Mallato mulatto
modernization Juſtices justices
modernization Reſted rested
modernization Leſter Lester
variation tho though
modernization Seriousneſs seriousness
variation leav leave
variation Jewet Jewett
variation Lodgd Lodged
modernization horſe horse
modernization North weſt northwest
variation Coud could
modernization Doc.r Dr.
modernization Maſh Mash
modernization Palſy palsy
variation Satopt stopped
modernization Uſual usual
modernization Reſt rest
variation Calld Called
modernization Docr Dr.
modernization Marſh Marsh
variation a while awhile
modernization M.r Mr.
modernization Joſeph Joseph
variation Snowd snowed
modernization Condſi
variation Sun down sundown
variation Day bra[above] keke daybreak
variation geting getting
modernization sun riſe sunrise
modernization Marſhe Marshe
modernization Brewſters Brewsters
variation warmd warmed
modernization kindneſs kindness
modernization Sunſummon Sunsummon
variation wer were
variation ful full
variation Boild boiled
modernization kiſs kiss
variation Stayd Stayed
variation Raind rained
modernization Converſation conversation
variation Prayd prayed
variation Sun Set sunset
modernization Buſineſs business
modernization Jur Jr.
variation homward homeward
modernization Aſa Asa
variation Thirsday Thursday
modernization Overſeers overseers
variation with out without
variation ther there
variation paſage passage
variation veſel vessel
variation obligd obliged
modernization Sun
variation Fery ferry
variation hast haste
variation hunc[above] kk hunk
variation Sea Brook Saybrook
variation a board aboard
modernization Rev.d Rev.
variation B: Hampton Bridgehampton
modernization Roſe Rose
variation Brook Haven Brookhaven
modernization Gooldſmith Gooldsmith
variation Aukup[above] pogpog Aquebogue
variation Cauchug Cutchogue

Expanded abbreviations:

Abbreviation Expansion
Heb Hebrews
Sam. Samuel
Decr December
Matt Matthew
Chap Chapter
Matt. Matthew
P people
Sabb Sabbath
Ecles Ecclesiastes
Bt breakfast
& and
F family
Sabb. Sabbath
Jeruſam Jerusalem
meetg meeting
Corin Corinthians
Breakt breakfast
'em them
tho' though
Janr January
H house
hang'd hanged
P. people
Mg meeting
Rom. Romans
Saturd Saturday
Elea Eleizer
red received
Fa family
Februr February
P place
Ecleſi Ecclesiastes
Num. numb
even-g evening
Sabb: Sabbath
Febr February
Febrr February
N night
m–g meeting
Febry February
Feburr February
Prov: Proverbs
Wms Williams
M– meeting
deliver[above] dd delivered
entertain'd entertained
Numr number
Mov'd moved
kiſs'd kissed
Ray Raymond
numr number
Nr number
harb Harbor
M Master
w wind
Saml Samuel
E Hamp East Hampton
S: South
Benjn Benjamin

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Summary of errors found in this document:

Number of dates with invalid 'when' attributes: 0
Number of nested "hi" tags: (consider merging the @rend attributes, or using other tags) 0
Number of tags with invalid 'rend' attributes: 0 (out of 168)
Number of people/places/organizations with unknown keys: 0 (out of 175)
Number of "add" tags with unknown 'place' attributes: 0 (out of 50)
Mixed case attribute values in header (potential error): 0 (out of 386)
HomeSamson Occom, journal, 1786 December 11 to 1787 April 7
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