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Samson Occom, Journal, 1786 June 26

ms-number: 786376

[note (type: abstract): Occom details his travels during the second half of 1786. As Occom notes, he spends a great deal of time among the Dutch.][note (type: handwriting): Handwriting is largely clear and legible. There are several crossed l’s and uncrossed t’s that have been corrected by the transcriber.][note (type: paper): Small sheets of paper folded into a booklet and bound with thread or twine are in good-to-fair condition, with some staining and wear, mostly on edges and outer pages. The cover of the booklet is loose, and shows some repair work on the top of the crease.][note (type: ink): Brown ink varies in intensity over the course of the journal.][note (type: noteworthy): An editor, likely 19th-century, has made notes on the front cover; these notes have not been transcribed. The final transcribed page is not a journal entry, but rather is a list of people (including those for whom Occom has peformed baptisms), and a draft of a message to the people of Kanawalohale. Individuals and places with names that are not legible have not been tagged. Individuals who are not named, and whose names cannot be deduced (for instance, an unnamed daughter) are not tagged. On 18 verso, Occom mistakenly notes the date as September 6 rather than October 6. On 33 verso, he mistakenly notes the date as November 2 rather than December 2. On 39 verso, Occom has written “[illegible]liana, Wealth, Levene and }Griffin.” As the meaning of these words are unclear, they have not been tagged.]
James Proud[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): f]fit
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Simon Fordtt[pers1539.ocp]

[note (type: editorial): Blank page.]

Monday June 26[1786-06-26]:

Time in the morning I
went over the River[place0469.ocp], and
['rid | ride]'ridride down the River[place0469.ocp], [Call'd | called]Call'dcalled
at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Cragues | Gregg's]CraguesGregg's[pers1166.ocp], and he
was not at Home, but [Mrs | Mrs.]MrsMrs.[pers1224.ocp]
was at Home, and She knew
me and was glad to See
me, and I was glad to See
her after She told me [whoſe | whose]whoſewhose
Daughter She was, for I had
been to her Fathers [Houſe | house]Houſehouse in
Blooming grove[place0332.ocp], many [Yrs | years]Yrsyears
back, when She was a little
girl, and She [Showd | showed]Showdshowed me
a Book, which I gave her,
at her Fathers [Houſe | house]Houſehouse, She is
a [prety | pretty]pretypretty little, [handſome | handsome]handſomehandsome dis
creet Woman and [talkd | talked]talkdtalked
very [Senſible | sensible]Senſiblesensible; [Sot | sat]Sotsat there a
while, and then went on
got to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Vedder[pers1235.ocp]s Some Time
about 12 and there I took [Dinr | dinner]Dinrdinner

with them, old [Mrs | Mrs.]MrsMrs. Vedder[pers1237.ocp] [& | and]&and
her Daughter [Molley | Molly]MolleyMolly[pers1234.ocp] Came to
me at her Sons[pers1235.ocp] Soon after I
got there, and after a while
the old gentleman[pers1236.ocp] Came, and
we [Sot | sat]Sotsat together all the after
noon, [Juſt | Just]JuſtJust at Night I went
with the old Lady[pers1237.ocp] to her [Houſe | house]Houſehouse
and there I Lodged and was
kindly [entertaind | entertained]entertaindentertained they are
Dutch, and exceeding [agrea
ble | agreea
Family, old and Young
a Christian Like Family —

[Tueſday | Tuesday]TueſdayTuesday June 27[1786-06-27]:

It began
to rain [a bout | about]a boutabout Break of Day
it [rain'd | rained]rain'drained [till | 'til]till'til near Noon, and
as Soon as it [Slatchd | slacked]Slatchdslacked, I went
on to [Esqr | Esq.]EsqrEsq. Harper[pers1169.ocp]'s inat Hunt
, got there about 12 and
about 2: we went to [above] meetmeet at fort
[Huntter | Hunter]HuntterHunter[place0078.ocp]
, and there was but
few People; and I Spoke from
John 12:[gap: omitted] and after meeting

went with [Esqr | Esq.]EsqrEsq. Harper[pers1169.ocp] and
Lodged there again —

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday June 28[1786-06-28]:

Time after [Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast, went
to the River[place0469.ocp], and went over
at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. W[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): am]amps, and the River[place0469.ocp]
was quite Lowhigher, [rid | ride]ridride over very
well, for all went down on the
North Side; [calld | called]calldcalled at [Capt | Capt.]CaptCapt. [Crage[above] uesues | Gregg]Crage[above] uesuesGregg[pers1166.ocp]
at the Door of [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Young Vedder[pers1235.ocp]
and So [past | passed]pastpassed on, and [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped
at a Tavern and while I
was there I [diſcoverd | discovered]diſcoverddiscovered my [above] SonSon
Anthony[pers1087.ocp] and his his Family
John Tuhy[pers1132.ocp] with them in a
[Connoo | canoe]Connoocanoe going up the River
and So went down to the [R | river]Rriver
and they [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped a few minutes
and past on, and I went back
to the [Houſe | house]Houſehouse, and got up my
mare and went back and
[Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped a while at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Vedder[pers1235.ocp]s
and they [paſt | passed]paſtpassed on, [Juſt | Just]JuſtJust at

at Night I went over the River
and directed my [Courſe | course]Courſecourse [Southw | southward]Southwsouthward
and it was [Juſt | just]Juſtjust Night, and [alit | a little]alita little
way, I [Calld | called]Calldcalled a Certain [Houſe | house]Houſehouse to [en
gire | in
the way to one [Esqr | Esq.]EsqrEsq. [McMaſter | McMaster]McMaſterMcMaster[pers1221.ocp]s
and [deſired | desired]deſireddesired [above] meme to Stay and I [acepted | accepted]aceptedaccepted
his kind offer, his name was [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
[gap: omitted] and was kindly treated
found them very agreeable People
went to Bed Soon —

[Thirdsday | Thursday]ThirdsdayThursday June 29[1786-06-29]:

got up very
early, and it was very [Lowerry | lowery]Lowerrylowery
and it began to rain Soon, and
after [Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast, I [Sot | set]Sotset out, and
got about to the [Houſe | house]Houſehouse where I
was to preach, and I was [inform[above] dd | informed]inform[above] ddinformed
that they had not heard of any
meeting appointed, and I [turn[above] dd | turned]turn[above] ddturned
right about, and went back
to the northward, — Call on [Capt | Capt.]CaptCapt.
[Crague | Gregg]CragueGregg[pers1166.ocp]
, and he was at home
and I [Dind | dined]Dinddined with them, the [Capt | Capt.]CaptCapt.[pers1166.ocp]
is very [agreable | agreeable]agreableagreeable man, this is
the man that was [killd | killed]killdkilled at Fort
[Standwix | Stanwix]StandwixStanwix[place0081.ocp]
in the last war, he wa[above] ss
[Shott | shot]Shottshot, by an Indian, [thro' | ]thro' the back,
[Tomy Hawkd | tomahawked]Tomy Hawkdtomahawked on the Head, and
[Scalp'd | scalped]Scalp'dscalped, yet is [a live | alive]a livealive, and
well, and is as [likly | likely]liklylikely to live

to the Common age of man
as [illegible]any man. — Soon after
Dinner I went on again, and
I overtook my Folks [Juſt | just]Juſtjust be
fore Sun Set near Major Fun-
's and I went over the Ri
ver there, and went on to [Esqr | Esq.]EsqrEsq.
, and there I [lodgd | lodged]lodgdlodged,
and they were glad to See me
and took Supper with them [& | and]&and
after Supper I went to bed once
more [quiely | quietly]quielyquietly

[Fryday | Friday]FrydayFriday June 30[1786-06-30]

was at [Eqr | Esq.]EqrEsq.
, [till | 'til]till'til after Dinner
and then I went [of | off]ofoff to go to [B
mans | Bow
, got to [Esqr | Esq.]EsqrEsq. Kem
s Some Time before [N. | noon]N.noon
and was kindly [receivd | received]receivdreceived by
them, and Lodged there —

Saturday [above] JulyJuly 1[1786-07-01]

was at the [Esqrs | Esq.'s]EsqrsEsq.'s[pers1110.ocp]
[till | 'til]till'til about 10 and then I went
to See a Remarkable Spring
about 3 miles [of | off]ofoff got there
Soon, [tho | though]thothough it was a very bad
way, and it was amazing
Sight to me, it is [Sulferous | sulphurous]Sulferoussulphurous

it Boils right out at a bottom
of a mountain, [Cloſe | close]Cloſeclose by a little
Creek, the hole is near as [beg | big]begbig
as a [Barel's | barrel's]Barel'sbarrel's head, and it ma[above] keskes
all the Stones [above] areare white with Brim
Stone, I Drank of the water [& | and]&and
it was very ugly [taſte | taste]taſtetaste and
it is Cold as Ice, all the poor
Toads that Come to the water
dies . — I Scraped Some of the
[Brimſtone | brimstone]Brimſtonebrimstone [of | off]ofoff the Stone, and
put in Paper; and I Carried
it to [Esqr | Esq.]EsqrEsq. Ki[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): b]bbel[pers1110.ocp]s I put
on a [Cold | coal]Coldcoal of Fire and it
[Burnt | burned]Burntburned and [Smelt | smelled]Smeltsmelled like [B, | brimstone]B,brimstone
after a while I [returnd | returned]returndreturned to
the Place, and this Night I
[Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged at one [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. John White[pers1239.ocp]s
and was kindly treated —

[Sabb | Sabbath]SabbSabbath July 2[1786-07-02],

about 9 went to
meeting at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [gap: omitted] Barn
and there was a great [Numb | number]Numbnumber
of People, I Spoke from [gap: omitted]
[gap: omitted] and the People at
tended with great Solemnity and
affection — Soon after meeting I
took Dinner, and then went [of | off]ofoff

Springfield[place0219.ocp] got there Sun about
two hours high; the People had
been waiting for me, and ahad
[juſt | just]juſtjust [diſparſd | dispersed]diſparſddispersed, and they gave
out word directly, that I [woud | would]woudwould
preach, and they immediately
Collected, in a Certain [Ducth | Dutch]DucthDutch [m' | meeting]m'meeting
[Houſe | house]Houſehouse, and there was a large
Number of People, and I Spoke
from [Ecleſi | Ecclesiastes]EcleſiEcclesiastes i. 15 and there was
a deep attention among the
People, after meeting I went
home with two [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Winter[pers1082.ocp]s [tow | two]towtwo
Brothers Youngerly folks, all
have a hope of [Experamental | experimental]Experamentalexperimental
Religion, and they talk and ap
pear as Such —

Monday July 3[1786-07-03],

took Breakfas[above] tt
early, and Soon after went to
meeting, to a Certain [Houſe | house]Houſehouse in
the Woods and there was a large
Collection of People, we began
the [Exerciſe | exercise]Exerciſeexercise a little after nine
I Spoke from the words what
think ye of Christ — and there
was an affectionate melting

attention [amongſt | amongst]amongſtamongst the People [& | and]&and
Soon after meeting, I [Baptiſed | baptised]Baptiſedbaptised
three Children, one by the Name
of [Joſeph | Joseph]JoſephJoseph[pers1631.ocp] and the[above] [Mr | ]Mr Nakolas Piohits[pers1225.ocp] Son[Mr | ]Mr Nakolas Piohits[pers1225.ocp] Son
the Children [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Griffin[pers1209.ocp] and[above] Hanna[pers1632.ocp]Hanna[pers1632.ocp]
Mr Miller[pers0858.ocp][above] [& | and]&and Isaac[pers1633.ocp][& | and]&and Isaac[pers1633.ocp] , — then I went home
with [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Griffin[pers1209.ocp], (and [Baptiſed | baptised]Baptiſedbaptised
another for [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. griffin[pers1209.ocp]), took
Dinner with them, and Soon
after eating, I [Sot | set]Sotset [of | off]ofoff for the
[Garmanflats | German Flats]GarmanflatsGerman Flats[place0084.ocp], Got to Mr [Conrod | Conrad]ConrodConrad
[Fol | Folt]FolFolt[pers1106.ocp]
s after Sun [Sun Si[illegible]t | sunset]Sun Si[illegible]tsunset. Some
Time, and there I Lodged [& | and]&and
had Comfortable [reſt | rest]reſtrest

[Tueſday | Tuesday]TueſdayTuesday July 4[1786-07-04],

went to See
my folks at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Tygert[pers1276.ocp]'s and
[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday was there there
yet. —

[Thirdsday | Thursday]ThirdsdayThursday July 6[1786-07-06]

in the
morning Some Time we [Sot | set]Sotset
of to go [thro | through]throthrough the Woods, near
12 we [reachd | reached]reachdreached at Ch[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): uccaugui]uccaugui[above] dede
we [turnd | turned]turndturned out our Hoour [Horſes | horses]Horſeshorses
and my mare run away

and we were [obligd | obliged]obligdobliged to Stay
there all Night, we [Coud | could]Coudcould not
find her, —

[Fryday | Friday]FrydayFriday July 7[1786-07-07]:

we went
[of | off]ofoff [prety | pretty]pretypretty early, and got to
our Settlement Some Time in
the [after noon | afternoon]after noonafternoon, and we were
glad to See one another, but
many of our People were gone
[a way | away]a wayaway [above] toto Seek after [proviſions | provisions]proviſionsprovisions
for food is very Scarce —

Saturday July 8[1786-07-08]:

and James Fowler Waucus[pers1137.ocp]
went after my mare —

[Sabb | Sabbath]SabbSabbath July 9[1786-07-07]:

we met to go
then [illegible]at Abraham Simon[pers0487.ocp]'s
there was but few of our folks
and good many [Stocbridgers | Stockbridgers]StocbridgersStockbridgers[org0121.ocp]
were with us, I Spoke from
[Cron | Corinthians]CronCorinthians [gap: omitted] [Rom | Romans]RomRomans VIII and there wa[above] ss
good attention amongst the
People —

Monday July 10[1786-07-10]:

In the evening
Anthony[pers1087.ocp] and Jame[pers1137.ocp] Came back
without my mare, they found

her in a mire, Dead, Sunk
[almoſt | almost]almoſtalmost all over, there is the end
of her. —

[Fryday | Friday]FrydayFriday July 14[1786-07-14]

Andrew Corricom[above] bb[pers1199.ocp]
had a Son Born

Sabb July 16[1786-07-16],

[Preachd | Preached]PreachdPreached at
Brother David Fowler[pers0155.ocp]'s, Spoke
from [Matt | Matthew]MattMatthew, [Jeſus | Jesus]JeſusJesus Cried. and
from Romans, if god be for us [&c | etc.]&cetc.
most of our People were there
and a great number of [Stocbred
gers | Stockbrid
, and and there was grea[above] tt
and Solemn attention, —

[Sabb | Sabbath]SabbSabbath July 23[1786-07-23]

went from
Roger Wawby[pers1139.ocp]'s to the Town
of Stockbridgers[place0165.ocp]
, and many
of our People went and we
had [alarge | a large]alargea large [Aſembly | assembly]Aſemblyassembly, [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Dean[pers0163.ocp]
and four with him Came to
meeting they live about Six
mi[illegible]les [of | off]ofoff, and I Spoke from
[Matt | Matthew]MattMatthew VI: 9: and Psalm 133: 1
and the People attended well.
we had a Shower [juſt | just]juſtjust as

meeting was Concluded, and
we [Sot | sat]Sotsat [till | 'til]till'til it was over and
that was Soon, and then we
[puſht | pushed]puſhtpushed on homeward, I got
Jacobs Fowler[pers0018.ocp]'s about Sun
Set, and I was [Some what | somewhat]Some whatsomewhat
[woried | wearied]woriedwearied — —

[Sabb | Sabbath]SabbSabbath July the 30[1786-07-30]

About 9
I went to Brother David[pers0155.ocp]s [& | and]&and
there I [preachd | preached]preachdpreached, and many
of the Stockbridgers[org0121.ocp] were there
and four young [Onoyda | Oneida]OnoydaOneida[org0075.ocp] men
were there, inand were [dreſt | dressed]dreſtdressed
[Compleat | complete]Compleatcomplete in Indian way
they [Shind | shined]Shindshined with Silver, they
had large [Claſps | clasps]Claſpsclasps about
their arms, one had two
Jewels in his No[illegible][illegible][guess (h-dawnd): o]o[ſe | se]ſese, and
had a lardge Silver half
moon on his [Breaſt | breast]Breaſtbreast; and
Bells [a bout | about]a boutabout their Legs, [& | and]&and
their heads were [powderd | powdered]powderdpowdered
up quite Stiff with red
paint, and one of thiem
was white as any white

man and gray Eyes, his
appearance made me
think of the old Britains
in their [Heatheniſm | heathenism]Heatheniſmheathenism, —
I Spoke from [Hoſea | Hosea]HoſeaHosea XIII: 9: [& | and]&and
[illegible] [Ecleſi | Ecclesiastes]EcleſiEcclesiastes XII. 1 and
there was great attention
among the people, after meet
ing the Singers Sang Some
Time and then we all [dis
perſd | dis

Monday July 31[1786-07-31]

a number
of us went to the [Flats | Flatts]FlatsFlatts[place0084.ocp], we
got there before night, and
I put up at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Conrod | Conrad]ConrodConrad
[illegible] [Fol | Folt]FolFolt[pers1106.ocp]
s, [Tueſday | Tuesday]TueſdayTuesday was [illegible]at
the place all Day —

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday [Augſt | August]AugſtAugust 2[1786-08-02]

[a bout | about]a boutabout two hours high we
[Sot | set]Sotset again for [hom | home]homhome, and
I got home [Juſt | just]Juſtjust about
[Sun down | sundown]Sun downsundown, all well, and
found our Folks well.
Thanks be to god . —

[Sabb | Sabbath]SabbSabbath [[above] AugtAugt | August][above] AugtAugtAugust 6[1786-08-06]:

[Preach'd | Preached]Preach'dPreached at Jacob
s in [fore Noon | forenoon]fore Noonforenoon, and
there was but few, People
it was rainy morning. —
In the [after Noon | afternoon]after Noonafternoon we went
to David Fowler[pers0155.ocp]s, and there
was a large number of Peop[above] lele
Several of the Stockbridgers[org0121.ocp]
Came, I Spoke from [Rom | Romans]RomRomans
[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): v]vII.28 29: [& | and]&and Luke XVI 13 — and the
People attended well. in
the evening I [returnd | returned]returndreturned again
to Brother Jacob[pers0018.ocp]. —

[illegible][Tueſday | Tuesday]TueſdayTuesday, [Augt | August]AugtAugust 8[1786-08-08]:

Some Time
in the morning I went to
[Fiſhing | fishing]Fiſhingfishing at [Oriſco | [Orisco | Oriskany]OriscoOriskany]Oriſco[Orisco | Oriskany]OriscoOriskany [Creak | creek]Creakcreek[place0500.ocp], and
I [Catchd | catched]Catchdcatched 5 [Dozn | dozen]Dozndozen and five
Salmon Trouts, — and [Juſt | just]Juſtjust
at Night I [removd | removed]removdremoved to Broth[above] erer
David Fowler[pers0155.ocp]s to Stay a
while, — .

Saturday [Augt | August]AugtAugust 12[1786-08-12]

In the
[after Noon | afternoon]after Noonafternoon I [Sot | set]Sotset out for
Stockbridgers[place0165.ocp], [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped a while

at Roger Wauby[pers1139.ocp]s, took
Dinner there, and after eat
ing, went on, got [above] toto the [illegible] Place
Some Time before Night,
[Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged at Sir Peter [Pauk
quunppeat | Pauq
s. —

[Sabb | Sabbath]SabbSabbath [Augt | August]AugtAugust 13[1786-08-13]:

About 10
we began the holy [Exerciſe | exercise]Exerciſeexercise
at the [Houſe | house]Houſehouse of Jacob [Cunk
cuppot | Conc
, and there a large
Collection of People, Some
white people, — I Spoke
from [Jerem | Jeremiah]JeremJeremiah XXXV 14. in the
[after noon | afternoon]after noonafternoon from [Luk | Luke]LukLuke X. 42
and the People attended with
great Solemnity, and with
Some affection; and it it
was a Rainy [after noon | afternoon]after noonafternoon,
I [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged again at Sir
s — —

Monday [Augt | ]Augt 14[1786-08-14]:

got up
very early, and [Sot | set]Sotset [of | off]ofoff for
[Brotherton | Brothertown]BrothertonBrothertown[place0023.ocp], — [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped at Roger
s, and took [Break
faſt | break
, and Soon after [eatg | eating]eatgeating

I went on again; got at
[Brothe | Brother]BrotheBrother David[pers0155.ocp]s [abot | about]abotabout 10 [& | and]&and
found them [illegible] all well —

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday [Augt | ]Augt 16[1786-08-16]:

Towar[above] dsds
Night, the Young People
Came together at Jacob Fowler[pers0018.ocp][above] ss
to receive [Inſtruction | instruction]Inſtructioninstruction; and
I gave them a Short [Diſcourſe | discourse]Diſcourſediscourse
from Proverbs IV. 13: and they
attended exceeding well, they
behaved becomingly, and
were Solemn, and the[ſ | s]ſsre was
Some affection, with Tears
after I had Spoke and [Prayd | prayed]Praydprayed
I [orderd | ordered]orderdordered them to Sing, and
they Sung three Tunes, with
great Decency and Solemni
ty, and as they were going
out, [Elyjah Wimpy | Elijah Wympy]Elyjah WimpyElijah Wympy[pers1347.ocp] [above] [firſt | first]firſtfirst[firſt | first]firſtfirst gave
me thanks, and all [mani
feſted | mani
[thankfulneſs | thankfulness]thankfulneſsthankfulness; The
Lord [Bleſs | bless]Bleſsbless them, and give
them teachable Hearts, that
they be [Wiſe | wise]Wiſewise unto eternal [Sal[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): va]va | salvation]Sal[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): va]vasalvation

[Sabb | Sabbath]SabbSabbath [Augt | August]AugtAugust 20[1786-08-20]:

Went to [illegible]Da
vid Fowler[pers0155.ocp]
s [Some what | somewhat]Some whatsomewhat early
and about 10 began the
Holy Service, and there was
a large Number of People
many Stockbridgers[org0121.ocp] Came
and there were four out
of [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Dean[pers0163.ocp]s Family, and
one more [what | white]whatwhite man, — I
Spoke from Luke II:10:11
and Psalm XXXI: 1 and there
was great and Solemn atten
tion in the [Aſembly | assembly]Aſemblyassembly; after
meeting our People [Stay'd | stayed]Stay'dstayed
Some and Psalms — near Sun
Set I went down to Brother
Jacob[pers0018.ocp]s, and to bed soon and
[reſted | rested]reſtedrested quietly once more —

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday [Augt | August]AugtAugust 23[1786-08-03]

Night the Young People Came
to Jacob Fowler[pers0018.ocp]s, to receive [in
ſtruction | in
; and I Spoke to them
from [Prover | Proverbs]ProverProverbs [gap: omitted] a little [whi | while]whiwhile
and then we [Prayd | prayed]Praydprayed, and af

ter Prayer I [Exerciſed | exercised]Exerciſedexercised
with my Christian Cards
with them, and they were
[agreable | agreeable]agreableagreeable to them, and they
[Awd | awed]Awdawed with the various Texts
of Scripture, and I believe
they will not forget the even
ing very Soon, there was
one Stockbridge Girl Came
on [purpoſe | purpose]purpoſepurpose, and there was
one [Engliſh | English]EngliſhEnglish Girl, and
they [alſo | also]alſoalso [Choſe | chose]Choſechose each of ['em | them]'emthem
a Text; and they Conclud
ed with Singing Several
Tunes, and the whole was
[Caried | carried]Cariedcarried on with Decency, [& | and]&and
Solemnity — —

[Sabb | Sabbath]SabbSabbath [Augt | August]AugtAugust 27[1786-08-27]

Had a meeting
at Abraham Simon[pers0487.ocp]'s ofn [a coun[above] tt | account]a coun[above] ttaccount
of his wife's [Sickneſs | sickness]Sickneſssickness; he was
not at Home, he has been gone
five weeks tomorrow, — There was
a great Number of People
a number of Stockbridgers[org0121.ocp]
was there, and [tow | two]towtwo white Men

from the New Town[place0482.ocp], I S[illegible]poke
from [Gene. | Genesis]Gene.Genesis XXII. 12 and in the
[after Noon | afternoon]after Noonafternoon from John III. 16 [& | and]&and
I believe we had the [Preſence | presence]Preſencepresence of
god with us, there was uncommon
attention, and great Solemnity
and many Tears [flowd | flowed]flowdflowed down the
Cheeks of many; after meeting
a Number of Singers went to
Jacob Fowler[pers0018.ocp]s and Sung a
while, and then we [Prayd | prayed]Praydprayed [& | and]&and
So every one [above] wentwent Home Soberly [& | and]&and
quietly —

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday [Augt | August]AugtAugust 30[1786-08-30]

Soon after
[Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast thirteen of us [Sot | set]Sotset
out into the Woods they went
after [Ginſhang | ginseng]Ginſhangginseng Roots, and I
was going to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. James Dean[pers0163.ocp]'s
we [travild | traveled]travildtraveled together [a bout | about]a boutabout 3
miles, and there they [incamp[above] dd | encamped]incamp[above] ddencamped
made up great Fire, and
Soon after I went on, [Siſter | Sister]SiſterSister
Hannah Fowler[pers0742.ocp] went with

me and then we went [thro' | through]thro'through
a [Hedious | hideous]Hedioushideous [Wilderneſs | wilderness]Wilderneſswilderness for three
or four miles, we had only
[markd | marked]markdmarked Trees to go by and
there was but very poor [Trac | track]Tractrack
we [arrivd | arrived]arrivdarrived to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Dean[pers0163.ocp]s Some
Time in the afternoon, found
them all well, and we were
[receivd | received]receivdreceived with all [kindneſs | kindness]kindneſskindness, and
I[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): that]that Evening[above] [Sund down | sundown]Sund downsundown[Sund down | sundown]Sund downsundown Brother David[pers0155.ocp] Came
[runing | running]runingrunning in [pufing | puffing]pufingpuffing and Blowing
and all of [a fome | afoam]a fomeafoam with Sweat,
he had treed a Couple of [Ra
coons | rac
and he for a gun [below] and one young manand one young man, and
went right back; and Some
Time in the he Came in with
one [Racoon | raccoon]Racoonraccoon — —

[Thirdsday | Thursday]ThirdsdayThursday [Augt | August]AugtAugust 31[1786-08-31]

11. we took leave of the [Fa | family]Fafamily
and went to New Stockbridge[place0165.ocp]
—- got there Some Time in the
[after noon | afternoon]after noonafternoon, we [Calld | called]Calldcalled on Sir

Peter [Pauhquunnupeat | Pauquunnuppeet]PauhquunnupeatPauquunnuppeet[pers0431.ocp] [illegible] [& | and]&and
I put up there, —

[Fryday | Friday]FrydayFriday [Sepr | September]SeprSeptember 1[1786-09-01]:

[Som | Some]SomSome Time
in the [after noon | afternoon]after noonafternoon, we had
a meeting, and I Spoke
from Psa[above] llm, 32:9 and
there was very good atten
tion — [I | In]IIn the evening they
got together to Sing, and
after Singing, we had [exer
ciſe | exer
with Christian Cards, and
it was new them and very [a
greable | a
, they attended with
great Solemnity, but all did
not [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): C]Cdraw that intended to
draw. it grew late. and So
we [broak | broke]broakbroke up. — —

Saturday [Sepr | September]SeprSeptember 2[1786-09-02]:

I was at
the Place all Day long, I
[viſited | visited]viſitedvisited Some Families, as I
did [yeſterday | yesterday]yeſterdayyesterday, in the evening

we met together again
to go [thro' | through]thro'through the [Exerciſe | exercise]Exerciſeexercise we
began the [laſt | last]laſtlast Night, with
my Christian Cards and it
was very [agreable | agreeable]agreableagreeable, Some
were much affected, we
Concluded with Singing
a Psalm. —

[Sabb: | Sabbath]Sabb:Sabbath [Sepr | September]SeprSeptember 3[1786-09-03].

About 10 we
began the Divine [worſhip | worship]worſhipworship
of god and there was a
great number of People
for this [wilderneſs | wilderness]wilderneſswilderness Some white
People. — I Spoke from L
[Matt | Matthew]MattMatthew XI. 12 and 1 Kings XIX.13
and I [above] bebe the Lord was [preſent | present]preſentpresent
with us, I Some [Senſe | sense]Senſesense of the
great things [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): I]I delivering, and
I believe many felt the
Power of the word, for ther[above] ee
was great Solemnity, and

[Auful | awful]Aufulawful [Atention | attention]Atentionattention [thro | through]throthrough the [Asem
bly | assem
many Tears [flowd | flowed]flowdflowed from
many Eyes, — as Soon as
the meeting was done, I went
Home with our People, we got
Home [Juſt | just]Juſtjust before [Sun Sit | sunset]Sun Sitsunset; and
our Singers got together and
they Sung Some Time, we
had Some [new Comers | newcomers]new Comersnewcomers, at
the Singing meeting, — [Laſt | last]Laſtlast
Saturday 13: of our People
Came to our Place to Settle,
a Family from Mohegan[place0143.ocp] [& | and]&and
a Family from Montauk[place0144.ocp]
and Some from [Naroganſet | Narraganssett]NaroganſetNarraganssett[place0150.ocp]
and one from Farmington[place0074.ocp]

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday [Sepr | September]SeprSeptember 6[1786-09-06]:

Night, I attended upon our
Young People, and ten Stock
Came to the meeting
old and young, and many
of our old People Came too.

We begun with Singing, and
then [Prayd | prayed]Praydprayed, after Prayer
the Young People [rehearſed | rehearsed]rehearſedrehearsed
the Texts and [verſes | verses]verſesverses they
had [Choſen | chosen]Choſenchosen at our Second
meeting, and they were very
[illegible] Solemn, and when they had
done, I began a [Diſcourſe | discourse]Diſcourſediscourse
with them, from 1 Timothy VI.19
and it was a Solemn Time with
the People, many were muc[above] hh
affected. Concluded with Prayer
and Singing. —

[Sabb | Sabbath]SabbSabbath [Sepr | September]SeprSeptember 10[1786-09-10]

In the morn
ing we went Abraham Sim[above] onsons[pers0487.ocp]
to meeting, began about 10
and there was a great num
ber of People, many from
Stockbridge[place0165.ocp] and we had
[to | two]totwo white men at the meeting
they were going to [Niega[above] rara | Niagara]Niega[above] raraNiagara[place0167.ocp]
from Johns Town[place0497.ocp], and

and there was a Solemn
attention [thro' | through]thro'through the [Aſembly | assembly]Aſemblyassembly
I [Spop[illegible]ke | spoke]Spop[illegible]kespoke from [Matt | Matthew]MattMatthew IX [illegible]
In the [after noon | afternoon]after noonafternoon we went
to David Fowler[pers0155.ocp]s, and I
Spoke from Job XXI. 14. 15
and there was greater at
tention many affected deep
ly, after meeting the [Sing[above] rsrs | singers]Sing[above] rsrssingers
[Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped and Sang Some Time
and Concluded with Praye[above] rr
and So we parted —

Monday [Sepr | September]SeprSeptember 11[1786-09-11].

I went
down to the [garman | German]garmanGerman [illegible][Flats | Flatts]FlatsFlatts[place0084.ocp]
Young Elijah Wympy[pers1347.ocp] [& | and]&and
I went together, we got [thro | through]throthrough
[Juſt | just]Juſtjust before [Sun Sit | sunset]Sun Sitsunset, and I
put up at my good Frien[above] dsds
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Conrod | Conrad]ConrodConrad [Fols | Folt]FolsFolt[pers1106.ocp][illegible][guess (h-dawnd): 's]'s was [Some | somewhat]Somesomewhat
[waried | wearied]wariedwearied and went to bed Soon
but had uncomfortable [Nt | night]Ntnight
of it there were So many [Virn | vermin]Virnvermin

[Tueſday | Tuesday]TueſdayTuesday [Sepr | September]SeprSeptember 12[1786-09-12]

got up very
early, and it was very Lower
ry and So did not [Sot | set]Sotset out
So Soon as I intended, took
[Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast, and about 10 I
[Sot | set]Sotset out for Springfield[place0219.ocp], and
[juſt | just]juſtjust before I got to the Place
I [miſt | missed]miſtmissed my way, got to South
[weſt | west]weſtwest of the Place good way[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): ,],
and towards Night it began
to be [Sowerry | lowery]Sowerrylowery, and [juſt | just]juſtjust at
Night, I [Calld | called]Calldcalled at a Certain
[Houſe | house]Houſehouse, to of the way, and it
began to rain, and [ask'd | asked]ask'dasked me
whether I Might Stay there
and I [thankd | thanked]thankdthanked him told I [wou[above] dd | would]wou[above] ddwould
and So I [Stayd | stayed]Staydstayed; took Supper
with them, — and went to bed
Soon, and had Comfortable
[reſt | rest]reſtrest, —

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday [Sepr | September]SeprSeptember 13[1786-09-13]

Got up
very early and got ready
and they [woud | would]woudwould had me [Stayd | stay]Staydstay

to take [Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast with them
but I told them I [woud | would]woudwould take
it another Time — The man[above] ss
Name is [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Nicholas Lowe[pers1220.ocp]
they were very kind to me
the man had heard me at
New York[place0308.ocp] above 20 Years
back. So took good leave of
them and went on my way
got to the Place about 9 and
[Calld | called]Calldcalled on [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Winters[pers1082.ocp] but
they were not at Home, the
Women were at H[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): [ouſe | ouse]ouſeouse][ouſe | ouse]ouſeouseome, and
they got me [Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast, they
were exceeding kind, ,— and
from thence I went to [mr | Mr.]mrMr. grif
s, and was there [till | 'til]till'til near
[Sun Sit | sunset]Sun Sitsunset, and then I went to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
[Stanſel | Stansel]StanſelStansel[pers1178.ocp]
s, where a meeting was [a
pointed | ap
, and there was a large
Number of People Collected to-
gether, and I Spoke from [Rom | Romans]RomRomans
II. 28-29: and the People attended
with all gravity, and believe

Some felt the Power and Love
of god, — I [Stayd | stayed]Staydstayed at the Same
[Houſe | house]Houſehouse, it is a Dutch Family
and there is one Young man in
this [Houſe | house]Houſehouse, Very Remarkable in
Religion. he is a living Christian
I believe is not [aſhamd | ashamed]aſhamdashamed of his Lor[above] dd
and [maſter | master]maſtermaster, he was Converted last
Winter, and he is much [oppoſd | opposed]oppoſdopposed by
the [moſt | most]moſtmost of the Family, yet he
keeps on — he and I [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged toge-
ther this night, after we had
a long [Converſation | conversation]Converſationconversation in the
Family; I was Treated well
by the Whole Family, [Reſted | rested]Reſtedrested
Comfortably —

[Thirdsday | Thursday]ThirdsdayThursday [Sepr | September]SeprSeptember 14[1786-09-14]

and [Fryd | Friday]FrydFriday[1786-09-15]
was at the place went to See
Some Families [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged once
at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Dick[pers1203.ocp]s and once at
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Crippin[pers1151.ocp]s. —

Saturday [Sepr | September]SeprSeptember 16[1786-09-16]:

[Juſt | Just]JuſtJust after
Dinner we went to one [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.[pers1176.ocp]

Nicholas Pickard[pers1176.ocp]s where
the [Chriſtian | Christian]ChriſtianChristian People were to
have a Conference meeting,
the People Collected Some Time in
the [after Noon | afternoon]after Noonafternoon, and they began
by Prayer and Sung, and they
began to relate their [Experi
ances | experi
, and there were 12 men
and three women, that related
the work of god on their Souls
and it took them, [till | 'til]till'til near Mid
Night, and it was the [moſt | most]moſtmost
[agreable | agreeable]agreableagreeable meeting that ever
I was at, there wasere Several
Nations and Denominations [& | and]&and
yet all harmonious, there was
no Jar [amongſt | amongst]amongſtamongst them, but
Peace and Love, there experi-
ences were [acording | according]acordingaccording to the
Doctrines of the [goſpel | gospel]goſpelgospel, —
I [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged at the Same [Houſe | house]Houſehouse [& | and]&and
was very kindly [entert[illegible: [guess (h-dawnd): a]a]ing | entertained]entert[illegible: [guess (h-dawnd): a]a]ingentertained
the man is a Dutchman [& | and]&and
his is [Ire[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): i]iſh | Irish]Ire[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): i]iſhIrish woman, and
both I believe were Sincere

[Chriſtians | Christians]ChriſtiansChristians

[Sabb | Sabbath]SabbSabbath [Sepr | September]SeprSeptember 1617[1786-09-17]:

Near 10 we wen[above] tt
to meeting, at old [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Pickard[pers1176.ocp]s
in his New [Houſe | house]Houſehouse only [Coverd | covered]Coverdcovered o
ver head, and there was a Pro
digious Number of People, and
I Spoke from Acts XV XI. 26 in
the [after Noon | afternoon]after Noonafternoon from the last [Psa | Psalm]PsaPsalm
and the [laſt | last]laſtlast [verſe | verse]verſeverse — after [meetg | meeting]meetgmeeting
went to Deacon Child[pers1642.ocp]s, and in
the Evening, a number of
young People Came to the [Hou[above] ſeſe | house]Hou[above] ſeſehouse
to [receve | recieve]receverecieve [Inſtrution | instruction]Inſtrutioninstruction, and I Spo[above] keke
to them from Some [paſages | passages]paſagespassages of
S[illegible]cripture, and after [illegible]that
we had [Exerciſe | exercise]Exerciſeexercise with my
Notes, and there was great So
lemnity [amongſt | amongst]amongſtamongst them, they
were [moſt | most]moſtmost all Dutch People
they [Stayd | stayed]Staydstayed late — —

Monday [Sepr | September]SeprSeptember 18[1786-09-18]:

It was a
Rainy Day, and I did not Sit
out, towards Night I went
to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Pickard[pers1176.ocp]s from [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Crippe[above] nsns[pers1151.ocp]
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Nicholas Pickard[pers1176.ocp] went with

me the old gentleman[pers1176.ocp] and
his wife[pers1176.ocp] [recievd | received]recievdreceived me with all
[k–ndneſs | kindness]k–ndneſskindness — and in the [evenig | evening]evenigevening
the Young People Came together
again for [Inſtruction | instruction]Inſtructioninstruction, and
I Spoke to them the words Re-
member thy Creator [&c | etc.]&cetc. and
after that we had [Exerciſe | exercise]Exerciſeexercise
with my Cards again, and
the People were much [Solemn
niſed | solem
, we [Sot | sat]Sotsat up [Some [illegible]what
| somewhat]
Some [illegible]what
somewhat late again, I [reſted | rested]reſtedrested Comfort
ably once more —

[Tuſday | Tuesday]TuſdayTuesday [Sepr | September]SeprSeptember 19[1786-09-19]:

got up
early, and got Breakfas[above] tt
and then [Sot | set]Sotset off, and got
to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Fol | Folt]FolFolt[pers1106.ocp]s [juſt | just]juſtjust after Sun
Set, went to Bed Soon —

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday [Sepr | September]SeprSeptember 20[1786-09-20]

[Sot | set]Sotset of
[Some what | somewhat]Some whatsomewhat early old [E | Elijah]EElijah
[Wimpy | Wympy]WimpyWympy[pers0721.ocp]
went with me
and we got [thro | through]throthrough before
Night we overtook a [num | number]numnumber

of Stockbridgers[org0121.ocp] [juſt | just]juſtjust Come
from [there | their]theretheir old Settlement,
found our Folks well —

[Sabb | Sabbath]SabbSabbath Sepr 24[1786-09-25]

Had a meeting
in David Fowler[pers0155.ocp]s Barn, and
there was a large number of
People Collected, great many
from old Town[place0499.ocp], the [bigeſt | biggest]bigeſtbiggest
[Aſembly | assembly]Aſemblyassembly we have had Since
I Came to this Place. I Spoke
from 1 [Corin | Corinthians]CorinCorinthians VII 29.30.31: [& | and]&and
Acts XVI. 28, and I believe
we had the [preſence | presence]preſencepresence of god
with us many were deeply
affected there was flow of Tears
from many Eyes, — in the
evening the singers went to
Jacob Fowler[pers0018.ocp]s to Sing, and
I went there too, and they
Sung near two Hours and
theren gave them a word of
Exhortation and [prayd | prayed]praydprayed, and
things were done decently
and in order; and So we

parted once more in Peace
and Love, I went back to
Brother David[pers0155.ocp]s and Soon
went to bed quietly [one | once]oneonce
more The Lord be [Praiſed | praised]Praiſedpraised

Monday [Sepr | September]SeprSeptember 25[1786-09-25]

[Sot | set]Sotset [of | off]ofoff
about [mid Day | midday]mid Daymidday for old
David[pers0155.ocp] went with
me in order to the Lake
to [Fiſhing | fishing]Fiſhingfishing, — [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged at widow
s, —

[Tueſday | Tuesday]TueſdayTuesday [Sepr | September]SeprSeptember 26[1786-09-26],

I did not
feel well, and it [lookd | looked]lookdlooked like
for Storm, and so we [retur[above] ndnd | returned]retur[above] ndndreturned
back got home Some time
before noon —

[Fryday | Friday]FrydayFriday [Sepr | September]SeprSeptember 28[1786-09-28]:

in the
morning went to [Stockbridg | Stockbridge]StockbridgStockbridge
, and toward Night [Preach[above] dd | preached]Preach[above] ddpreached
a [Diſcourſe | discourse]Diſcourſediscourse to them, I [Spok | spoke]Spokspoke
from [Gala | Galatians]GalaGalatians VI.15 and there

was great Solemnity in
the Congregation — [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged
at Sir Peter[pers0431.ocp]s —

[Sabath | Sabbath]SabathSabbath, [Octor | October]OctorOctober 1[1786-10-01]:

Had our
meeting in Jacob Concoppot[pers1195.ocp]s
and there was a Prodigi
ous large Congregation
for this [wilderneſs | wilderness]wilderneſswilderness, Some
white People — I Spoke
from Psalm 58: 15: in the
[after noon | afternoon]after noonafternoon from [Ezek | Ezekiel]EzekEzekiel XXXII: 11
and we had an [Awfull | awful]Awfullawful Solem
nity in the [aſembly | assembly]aſemblyassembly, there
was a Shower Tears, I felt
Bowels of [Compaſsion | compassion]Compaſsioncompassion towards
my poor Brethren; in the
Evening the Stockbridgers[org0121.ocp]
met at Sir Peter[pers0431.ocp]s, and they
[reharſd | rehearsed]reharſdrehearsed what they heard
in the Day, and they were
Very Solemn; at the end
of their [reharſal | rehearsal]reharſalrehearsal, Sir Peter
[Pokquunnuppeet | Pauquunnuppeet]PokquunnuppeetPauquunnuppeet[pers0431.ocp]
a [Confeſsion | confession]Confeſsionconfession of his wanderings

from God, and [Askd | asked]Askdasked the
Peoples [forgiveneſs | forgiveness]forgiveneſsforgiveness, and he
was very Solemn, and the
People [receivd | received]receivdreceived him in their
Charity —

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday [Octr | October]OctrOctober 4[1786-10-04]:

had a
meeting with our Young
People, and there was many
old People [alſo | also]alſoalso, — I Spoke
from [Prover | Proverbs]ProverProverbs XXII. 1 and there
was uncommon attention [a
mongſt | a
the People, Especial
ly the Young People —

[Saturd | Saturday]SaturdSaturday morning [Sepr | September]SeprSeptember 6[1786-10-06]:

ter the reading a [Chapr | chapter]Chaprchapter
I took notice of Some [Paſ
Sages | pas
and Spoke to the Fa
mily, and there was a So
lemn attention, and then
I attempted to Pray, and I
had an [auful | awful]aufulawful [senſe | Sense]senſeSense of our[above] thethe

[Miſerable | miserable]Miſerablemiserable Situation of
mankind, and the [goodneſs | goodness]goodneſsgoodness
of god which [illegible]melted down
my Soul before god, and
there was much affection
in the Family,, —

[Sabb | Sabbath]SabbSabbath [Octor | October]OctorOctober 7[1786-10-07]:

Had a [meet
ting | meet
in Brother David[pers0155.ocp]s [& | and]&and
there was but a little num
ber of People by [reaſon | reason]reaſonreason
of the uncommon Floods in
all the Creeks and on the
Land [illegible], most of the Bridges
were Carried off, for it had
been Raining Several Days
[laſt | last]laſtlast Week; and it Rains
Yet; Some Stockbridgers[org0121.ocp]
Came to meeting for all all
the dreadful [Traviling | traveling]Travilingtraveling ther[above] ee
five women and four men

I Spoke from [I | Isaiah]IIsaiah XL 22 and
I think I had an [Auful | awful]Aufulawful [Senſe | sense]Senſesense
of the Deplorable State of Sin
ful race of Adam, and Some
[Senſe | sense]Senſesense of the [greatneſs | greatness]greatneſsgreatness and
[goodneſs | goodness]goodneſsgoodness of God, and there
was an [Auful | awful]Aufulawful attention
and flow of Tears — in the
[after noon | afternoon]after noonafternoon I Spoke from
[Gene | Genisis]GeneGenisis XXIV. 58: and there was
again a gmoving among
the People; I hope they
they will not Soon forget the
Day, — In the evening they
Sung at David[pers0155.ocp]s, and af
ter Singing, I Spoke to the
Young People in particu
lar, and they were great
ly bowed down before the
word, Some were deeply
affected; and it was Some

before we [broak | broke]broakbroke up the
meeting, and they went
home with Solemnity, —

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday [Octr | October]OctrOctober 11[1786-10-11]:

Night had a meeting with
the Young People, and we
had [Exerciſe | exercise]Exerciſeexercise with [Chriſtian | Christian]ChriſtianChristian
Cards out of the Old [Teſtamt | Testament]TeſtamtTestament
and there was an uncommon
affection [amongſt | amongst]amongſtamongst them, I
believe there was Scarcely
one but what was Some
what moved, and old People
were moved too, — we Sung
a little after the [Exerciſe | exercise]Exerciſeexercise
and So parted —

[Sabb | Sabbath]SabbSabbath [Octr | October]OctrOctober 15[1786-10-15]

Had a meeting
in Brother David Fowler[pers0155.ocp]'s
and there was great Number
of People, and we had a Solemn
Meeting, I Spoke from [Matt | Matthew]MattMatthew 5

Monday [Octor | October]OctorOctober 16[1786-10-16]:

a number
of us, I think Sixteen, all
men, went to New-Town[place0482.ocp] to
have a Treaty with the [onieda | Oneida]oniedaOneida[above] ss[org0075.ocp]
we had [Calld | called]Calldcalled them to our Town
but they to [above] [Chuſe | choose]Chuſechoose[Chuſe | choose]Chuſechoose have us Come to
their Town, and we d[illegible]rove
one Creature to them to kill
we got there after [Sun Sit | sunset]Sun Sitsunset
went directly to the [Councell | council]Councellcouncil
[Houſe | house]Houſehouse, David[pers0155.ocp] and I [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged
there, and there [reſt | rest]reſtrest were
[orderd | ordered]orderdordered [elſewhere | elsewhere]elſewhereelsewhere. I had but
poor [reſt | rest]reſtrest all Night, they have
too many [Vermine | vermin]Verminevermin for me —

[Tueſday | Tuesday]TueſdayTuesday [Octor | October]OctorOctober 17[1786-10-17]:

Some Time
in the [after noon | afternoon]after noonafternoon, were [Calld | called]Calldcalled
to appear before the [Councell | council]Councellcouncil,
and we were permitted to Spea[above] kk
for [our Selves | ourselves]our Selvesourselves, — and we rela
ted the whole of our [tranſacti
ons | transacti
with them about the Land
they gave us — for they had
a notion to take it back a

[a gain | again]a gainagain last Summer, and
only allow one mile Square
which we utterly [refuſd | refused]refuſdrefused, and
when we had[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): [Cou'd | could]Cou'dcould][Cou'd | could]Cou'dcould not got [thro | through]throthrough that
Day, and we were [diſmiſt | dismissed]diſmiſtdismissed
in the evening, we all went
together in a Certain [Houſe | house]Houſehouse
to Sing and Pray together, [& | and]&and
after prayers [above] [B | Brother]BBrother[B | Brother]BBrother David[pers0155.ocp] and I
Back to the [Councell | council]Councellcouncil [Houſe | house]Houſehouse
to Lodge —

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday [Octor | October]OctorOctober 18[1786-10-18]

Near mid
Day we were [Calld | called]Calldcalled again to
the [Councell | council]Councellcouncil, and we [reſumd | resumed]reſumdresumed
our relation and Soon [finiſhd | finished]finiſhdfinished
and then we went out, and
were [Calld | called]Calldcalled again Soon, and
they began to [reharſe | rehearse]reharſerehearse we had
[deliverd | delivered]deliverddelivered, and they Said it was
all good and True, and then
they made a New offer to
to us, to live on the Same
Spot of ground, but to be
bound by any Bounds, but
live at large with them on

their Land, which we [re
fuſd | re
, and we told them, we
[Chuſe | choose]Chuſechoose to bounded, and they
had bound us all r[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): on]ond, all
most all round, and we want[above] eded
only to be bound [alround | all 'round ]alroundall 'round w[illegible]he[above] rere
we were, and they took it un
der [Conſideration | consideration]Conſiderationconsideration, —

[Thirdsday | Thursday]ThirdsdayThursday [Octr | October]OctrOctober 19[1786-10-19]:

We [wer | were]werwere
[Calld | called]Calldcalled again, and, about
11 o c: we [recived | received]recivedreceived the News
of the Death of our [oldeſt | oldest]oldeſtoldest
man in our Town, old un
cle Cornelus[pers1198.ocp]
Dead the evening
before, and So we were [obligd | obliged]obligdobliged
to Drop our [Buſineſs | business]Buſineſsbusiness, and wen[above] tt
[home ward | homeward]home wardhomeward; I [Stopd | stopped]Stopdstopped at old [T | Town]TTown[place0499.ocp]
Lodgd at Sir Peter [Pokqun– | Pauquunnuppeet]Pokqun–Pauquunnuppeet[pers0431.ocp][above] ss

[Fryday | Friday]FrydayFriday [Octr | October]OctrOctober 20[1786-10-20].

I went off
Early to our Town[place0023.ocp] about
10: Towards Night we all
to the [Houſe | house]Houſehouse of mourning, and
I deliver a Short [Diſcourſe | discourse]Diſcourſediscourse
from XXXIX.4.5 and from

thence went to the grave, and
we [finiſhd | finished]finiſhdfinished [Buriing | burying]Buriingburying after [Sun
Sit | sun
and I went home —

Saturday [Octr | October]OctrOctober 21[1786-10-21]:

Soon after
[Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast, [Sot | set]Sotset [of | off]ofoff for old Town[place0499.ocp]
Sally [Skeſuck | Skesuck]SkeſuckSkesuck[pers1233.ocp] and I went toge
ther got there before Noon, I
[Sot | sat]Sotsat a while in Widow Quinnee[pers1229.ocp][above] ss
and then went to Sir Peter[pers0431.ocp]s—
and was there a while, and there
Came a man, and brought a
[Maloncholy | melancholy]Maloncholymelancholy word; Concerning
Sally[pers1233.ocp] as She was returning
and had [Juſt | just]Juſtjust got out of the Town
the Mare got a fit of kicking
[illegible]up her heels, and [Crouded | crowded]Croudedcrowded up
[againſt | against]againſtagainst a fence, and She fell
Backwards and [broak | broke]broakbroke her right
Arm; I went directly to See her
and found her in great [Miſery | misery]Miſerymisery, we
Splinted up her arm, and So left
in the evening, we[above] nnt again to
See her, and She was in great
Pains, and I [tryd | tried]trydtried to bleed her
but I [Coud | could]Coudcould not make out

[Sabb | ]Sabb [Octr | October]OctrOctober 22[1786-10-22],

at [uſual | usual]uſualusual
Time went to meeting and
our Folks had [Juſt | just]Juſtjust Come
and [moſt | most]moſtmost of them went back
to try to Carry home Sally[pers1233.ocp]
the [aſemb[illegible]yle | assembly]aſemb[illegible]yleassembly was not So large
as [uſual | usual]uſualusual by [reaſon | reason]reaſonreason of the
above [mentiond | mentioned]mentiondmentioned accident
And I Spoke from 1 [Corn. | Corinthians]Corn.Corinthians X. 21
in the [after noon | afternoon]after noonafternoon from [Matt | Matthew]MattMatthew III: 11
and there was [moſt | most]moſtmost [Soled | solemn]Soledsolemn at
tention [thro | through]throthrough the Day, I Baptiz
ed Sir Peter[pers0431.ocp]s wife[pers1750.ocp] and Child[pers1751.ocp], —
In the evening a Number of [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): men]men
met at Sir Peter[pers0431.ocp]s, and there
were 9: or so [Manifeſted | manifested]Manifeſtedmanifested, their [Exer
ciſes | exer
of mind, they never were
So [awake[above] nnd | awakened]awake[above] nndawakened about their Souls
affairs as they are now, there
never was So many men brought
to Such [Conſideration | consideration]Conſiderationconsideration as they are
now, they [Confeſt | confessed]Confeſtconfessed, they have
been [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): are]are vi[illegible]le Sinners, and
determine, by the help of god,
to turn from their [illegible] [evel | evil]evelevil ways
and Seek god, They say, they

it is by hearing me Preach to
them; one old woman Said, She
had, Some thoughts about Religi
on, and was [Baptizd | baptized]Baptizdbaptized Some time
ago, and She thought it was well
enough with her, [till | 'til]till'til She heard
me, She thinks now, She never has
met with [any thing | anything]any thinganything, and She thinks
it is a gone [Caſe | case]Caſecase with her; I gave
her encouragement to [preſs | press]preſspress forward
if at eleven Hour with her, She
may Yet Come in — we [Sot | sat]Sotsat up a
long while at last we broke u
up, and I went to bed Soon, —

Monday [Octr | October]OctrOctober 23[1786-10-23]

A little [paſt | past]paſtpast
Noon four of our men Came to
old Town[place0499.ocp] on their way to New
, and I [Sot | set]Sotset [of | off]ofoff with them di-
rectly, and we got there [Juſt | just]Juſtjust be-
fore [Sun Sit | sunset]Sun Sitsunset, and the [Councell | council]Councellcouncil
was then Sitting, and were [orderd | ordered]orderdordered
to a Certain [Houſe | house]Houſehouse, and in the
[Duſk | dusk]Duſkdusk of the evening of the even
ing we were [Calld | called]Calldcalled, and after
we [Sot | sat]Sotsat there good while, they
read their Speech and [Concluſe
on | conclus
, and it was if did not accep[above] tt
of their offer they [woud | would]woudwould take

the Land back again, and we
[woud | would]woudwould not accept of their offer
it was take the Land at large
without any bounds — —

[Tueſday | Tuesday]TueſdayTuesday [Octr | ]Octr 24[1786-10-24]:

our men [above] wentwent to
[Ca[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): n]n[aſerake | aserake]aſerakeaserake | Canaseraga]Ca[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): n]n[aſerake | aserake]aſerakeaserakeCanaseraga[place0025.ocp] to [Fiſhing | fishing]Fiſhingfishing, and
I [Sot | set]Sotset [of | off]ofoff for home, [Sotpt | stopped]Sotptstopped at the
old Town[place0499.ocp], and intended to [paſs | pass]paſspass
along, but they [deſired | desired]deſireddesired me to
Stay to have a meeting in the
Evening, and I [Conſented | consented]Conſentedconsented; in
the evening they Collected toge
ther I believe [moſt | most]moſtmost all the old
People, and many Young [P. | people]P.people
I Expound upon II [Corin. | Corinthians]Corin.Corinthians XIII: 11
and there was deep attention
with flow of Tears, after I had
done [illegible]two or three Spoke in
their own Tongue, [reharſeing | rehearsing]reharſeingrehearsing
what I had [diliverd | delivered]diliverddelivered, and thei[above] rr
Chief man [aſkd | asked]aſkdasked me, as I was
about to leave them, how
they [Shoud | should]Shoudshould go on in their
religious Concerns, and I told

them, as they were not [formd | formed]formdformed
into Church State, they [Shoud | should]Shoudshould
[inter | enter]interenter into [Chriſtian | Christian]ChriſtianChristian [Fellowſhip | fellowship]Fellowſhipfellowship
and put [themſelves | themselves]themſelvesthemselves under watch
Care of one another, and [Cary | carry]Carycarry
on the public [Worſhip | worship]Worſhipworship of god
in Singing Praying and read
ing of the word of god, and
[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): Some]Some Exhortation, and Some
[Explination | explanation]Explinationexplanation of the word of god
and maintain Family [worſhip | worship]worſhipworship
[Conſtantly | constantly]Conſtantlyconstantly — —

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday [Octr | October]OctrOctober 25[1786-10-25]

Some Time
in the morning I left old Town[place0499.ocp]
and went to our Town[place0023.ocp], got there
a little before noon, and found
David[pers0155.ocp]s Family well, but one
Child, was unwell, but not very
Sick — —

Saturday [Octr | October]OctrOctober 28[1786-10-28]:

Our People
pretended to have a Con[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): ver]verence
meeting, but one man who was
[moſt | most]moſtmost [Concernd | concerned]Concerndconcerned in the meeting
did not Come, and So they did
nothing, they Concluded to Cut
the Road [thro | through]throthrough to the [Flats | Flatts]FlatsFlatts[place0084.ocp]

[Juſt | Just]JuſtJust at Night two white men
Came to our Town from Spring
, about forty miles from
h[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): er]ere, they Came on [purpoſe | purpose]purpoſepurpose to
give us a Christian [Viſit | visit]Viſitvisit, we
expected them and according they
Came, and we were Glad to See
each other, In the Evening we
had a meeting, and there were
Some Stockbridge[org0121.ocp] Brethren with
us, and there was great moving
and Some making, and wthere
was Some Crying out, had the
meeting late, —

Sabb. Octor 29[1786-10-29]:

Many Stock
Came to meeting, about
ten we began the [Exerciſe | exercise]Exerciſeexercise and
there was great [Aſembly | assembly]Aſemblyassembly. I Spoke
from [gap: omitted] [Matt | Matthew]MattMatthew XXIV: 14:
and we had a Solemn meeting
many were affected — in the
evening we had another meet
ing, and there was great mov
ing, and Some making up, and
many were affected, but I belie[above] veve

there was more Natural affecti
on then Gracious Gracious [afn | affection]afnaffection
there was [Conſiderable | considerable]Conſiderableconsiderable [Noiſe | noise]Noiſenoise we
were late before we left the
Place, —

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday [Novr | November]NovrNovember 1[1786-11-01],

I had a
meeting with the Young [Peop | people]Peoppeople
at David Fowler[pers0155.ocp]’s, and they
repeated the [verſes | verses]verſesverses upon the
Texts they [Choſe | chose]Choſechose, the [laſt | last]laſtlast
Time they met, and it was
a Solemn Time with us, many
Tears were Shed, Several indeed
are Deep Convictions, and been
So for Some Time —

Saturday [Novr | November]NovrNovember 4[1786-11-04]:

near [illegible]noon
I [Sot | set]Sotset [of | off]ofoff for New Stockbridge[place0165.ocp]
[Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped a while at Brother Ro
ger Wauby[pers1139.ocp]
s and took dinner
there, and after eating [paſt | passed]paſtpassed
on got to the Place towards
Night, put up at [Capt | Capt.]CaptCapt. [Hind | Hendrick]HindHendrick[pers0257.ocp]

in the Evening we had a [meetg | meeting]meetgmeeting
I [dropt | dropped]droptdropped a few words, and many
[diſcover’d | discovered]diſcover’ddiscovered their Spiritual [Exerciſe | exercise]Exerciſeexercise[above] ss
and it was a Solemn Time,
many [Confeſt | Confessed]ConfeſtConfessed and lamented
their [paſt | past]paſtpast Conduct, and [deter
mind | deter
to live a Regular life
in Time to Come [&c | etc.]&cetc.

[Sabb. | Sabbath]Sabb.Sabbath [Novr | November]NovrNovember 5[1786-11-05]:

People bega[above] nn
to Collected together, and there
was a great Number of [P | people]Ppeople
we began the [Exerciſe | exercise]Exerciſeexercise about
ten. I Spoke [Jouſhua | Joshua]JouſhuaJoshua XXIV: 15
and I believe the Lord [acom
panied | accom
his word by his Divine
Spirit, the People were [Bowd | bowed]Bowdbowed
before the word, — after Speaking
I Baptized
[gap: omitted]

[gap: omitted]
in the [Eving | evening]Evingevening we met again
I did not Say much, and there
was a number again that
[diſcoverd | discovered]diſcoverddiscovered their [Cocern | concern]Cocernconcern and [re
ſolutions | re
, and it was a Solem[above] nn
[Seaſon | season]Seaſonseason, and we held the [mg | meeting]mgmeeting
late, [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged at [Capt | Capt.]CaptCapt. [Hindrick | Hendrick]HindrickHendrick[pers0257.ocp][above] ss
again — —

Monday [No[illegible]r | November]No[illegible]rNovember 6[1786-11-06]:

We had
another meeting quite ear
ly, and there was much af
fection, I Spoke to them a
bout the Nature of [Baptiſm | baptism]Baptiſmbaptism
very [Cloſe | close]Cloſeclose, and I Baptized
[gap: omitted]

Some Time towards noon I
left New Stockbridge[place0165.ocp], [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped a
little while at Roger Wauby[pers1139.ocp]’s
and So [paſt | passed]paſtpassed on, got to Brother
s Some Time in the after
Noon, — in the [eving | evening]evingevening we had
a meeting, and it was a Com
fortable meeting; — — —

[Tueſday | Tuesday]TueſdayTuesday [Novr | November]NovrNovember 4[1786-11-04]

was [geting | getting]getinggetting
ready to return [homward | homeward]homwardhomeward, [Viſit | visit]Viſitvisit
ed Some Families — —

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday [Novr | November]NovrNovember 8[1786-11-08]:

[Viſted | visited]Viſtedvisited again
and was [buſy | busy]buſybusy [geting | getting]getinggetting ready — —

[Thirdsday | Thursday]ThirdsdayThursday, [Novr | Novembers]NovrNovembers 9[1786-11-09]:

[Sot | set]Sotset [of | off]ofoff early
Sir Peter [Puhquennappeet | Pauquunnuppeet]PuhquennappeetPauquunnuppeet[pers0431.ocp],
[illegible] Catty Quinney[pers1228.ocp] [Betſy | Betsy]BetſyBetsy Fowler[pers1162.ocp]
and Elizy Corricomb[pers1200.ocp] went with
me, and we were [obligd | obliged]obligdobliged to
Lodge in the Woods we [Coud | could]Coudcould not
get [thro’ | through]thro’through, and it [rain’d | rained]rain’drained Some
we found a good [Hutt | hut]Hutthut, and

made out to make fire, and
we lodged quite Comfortable
I had good [reſt | rest]reſtrest — —

[Fryday | Friday]FrydayFriday [Novr | November]NovrNovember 10[1786-11-10]:

got up Some
Time before Day, and as Soon
as it was break a Day, we [ta
cled | ta
our [Horſes | horses]Horſeshorses and went on
we got to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Fols[pers1106.ocp]s [Juſt | just]Juſtjust after
[Sun riſe | sunrise]Sun riſesunrise, took [breakfaſt | breakfast]breakfaſtbreakfast at
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Fols[pers1106.ocp]s: and [a bout | about]a boutabout 8: we
[Sot | set]Sotset off again, [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped a little at
[Esqr | Esq.]EsqrEsq. Frank[pers0843.ocp]s, and near 12 we
went on again, Got to Spring-
, Some Time in the Evening
we put up at Brother Crippin[pers1151.ocp][above] ss
and we were Gladly [receivd | received]receivdreceived
and we were glad to See them — —

Saturday [Novr | November]NovrNovember 11[1786-11-11]:

We we were
at the Place all Day, in the
Evening, we had a meeting in
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Crippin[pers1151.ocp]'s [Houſe | house]Houſehouse, and we had
a Comfortable Time, the Christians
were much [refreſh’d | refreshed]refreſh’drefreshed, and there

was one Boy Spoke, he was much
[Exerciſd | exercised]Exerciſdexercised in his mind, John Tuhy[pers1132.ocp]
Came here [juſt | just]juſtjust before meeting
began, — we of my Company [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged
at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Crippin[pers1151.ocp]'s — — — — —

[Sabb | Sabbath]SabbSabbath [Novr | November]NovrNovember 12[1786-11-12]:

About 9: we wen[above] tt
to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Pickard[pers1176.ocp]s where the meeting
is to be about 11: [illegible]we began the
[Exerciſe | exercise]Exerciſeexercise, and there was a great
Number of People, and I Spoke
from John XII: 36: and the People
attend with great Solemnity and
many were much affected, — in
the Evening we had another meet
ing in the Same [Houſe | house]Houſehouse, and the
People were greatly [movd | moved]movdmoved, Seve-
ral Cried out, the Christians were
much [Strengthen’d | strengthened]Strengthen’dstrengthened. I Lodged at
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Pickard[pers1176.ocp]’s — — — —

Monday [Novr | November]NovrNovember 13[1786-11-18]:

[Betſey | Betsey]BetſeyBetsey [Fow– | Fowler]Fow–Fowler[pers1162.ocp]
and Eliza Corricomb[pers1200.ocp] Came to
me very early, they were go
ing home, and I got up, and
went directly to [mr | Mr.]mrMr. Crippin[pers1151.ocp]’s

and As Soon as they got break
[faſt | fast]faſtfast they went [of | off]ofoff, poor girls they
were all in Tears, when we part
ed, and I went back to [mr | Mr.]mrMr. Pick
s: and from thence I went to
Brother Nicholas Pickard[pers1176.ocp]s, and
and after a while Brother Tuhy[pers1132.ocp]
and Peter[pers0431.ocp] Came to me, and [Sot | sat]Sotsat
there a while, and then took leave
of [Siſter | Sister]SiſterSister Pickard[pers1176.ocp], and we went
on to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Way[pers1555.ocp]s where meeting is
to be, he lives in [Cherry-Vally | Cherry Valley]Cherry-VallyCherry Valley[place0037.ocp]
we got there before Night, we
were [receivd | received]receivdreceived with all [kindneſs | kindness]kindneſskindness
and Brotherly affection, — took
Dinner there, — in the evening
a few People Came together, I
Spoke to them from the words
what will Ye that I Shall do
unto you, and we had a good
meeting —

[Tueſday | Tuesday]TueſdayTuesday [Novr | November]NovrNovember 14[1786-11-14]

Some Time
after Breakfast we [Sot | set]Sotset of and

our [Courſe | course]Courſecourse to Bowmans Creek[place0476.ocp]
we got to [Esqr | Esq.]EsqrEsq. Kimbel[pers1110.ocp]s about
12: and took dinner there, and soon
after Dinner, we went on again
and we got [Esqr | Esq.]EsqrEsq. Maybee[pers1111.ocp]’s in the
[Duſk | dusk]Duſkdusk of the Evening and I [lodgd | lodged]lodgdlodged
there, and John[pers1132.ocp] and Peter[pers0431.ocp] went
over the River. — — —

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday [Novr | November]NovrNovember 15[1786-11-15]:

got [Break | breakfast]Breakbreakfast
early and Soon after, I went
over and got to Major Fundee[pers1208.ocp]s
Soon, there I found my Company
and was there Some Time; and
then Peter [Pokquonnoppeet | Pauquunnuppeet]PokquonnoppeetPauquunnuppeet[pers0431.ocp] and
I [Sot | set]Sotset [of | off]ofoff and went down, we [Call[above] dd | called]Call[above] ddcalled
on [Capt | Capt.]CaptCapt. [Grig | Gregg]GrigGregg[pers1166.ocp], and was there
a few minutes, and went on
again, and I [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
Albert Vedder[pers1235.ocp]
s, and was
kindly [recei[above] vvd | received]recei[above] vvdreceived, Peter[pers0431.ocp] [past | passed]pastpassed
on, — —

[Thirdsday | Thursday]ThirdsdayThursday [Novr | November]NovrNovember 16[1786-11-16],


Time after [Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast, I went
over to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Bartlet[pers1147.ocp]s and was
kindly [rece[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): v’]v’d | received]rece[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): v’]v’dreceived, and Concluded
to have a meeting on the next
Day at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Keene[pers1214.ocp]s: towards
Night, I went back to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Vedder[pers1235.ocp]’s
and Lodged there again and
had Comfortable [reſt | rest]reſtrest — — —

[Fryday | Friday]FrydayFriday [Novr | November]Novr November 17[1786-11-18],

about 12 we
went over to meeting, got there
about 2: and Soon began the
Meeting, and there was a [Conſide
rable | conside
number of People, I Spoke
from Mark V. 4: and many
were affected, it was a Solemn
Time, — after Sermon we attended
upon the [ordernance | ordinance]ordernanceordinance of [Baptiſm | baptism]Baptiſmbaptism
I [Baptiſed | baptised]Baptiſedbaptised two white Children
and one Negro Child, one for
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. David Wright[pers1240.ocp] by the name
of Sarah[pers1241.ocp], one for [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. John [Robbin
ſon | Robbin
by the Name of Martin[pers1231.ocp], one
Cato [Quaſh | Quash]QuaſhQuash[pers1226.ocp] by the name Simon[pers1227.ocp]

after meeting I went home with
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Eliot[pers0182.ocp], and there I [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged, and
was very kindly treated, — —

Saturday [above] 1818[1786-11-18],

Some Time in the
morning a number of Neigbours
Came together, and had an [Exer
ciſe | exer
with my Cards, and it
was very [agreable | agreeable]agreableagreeable, and Solem[above] nn
towards night I went to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
’s and there I lodged
and Lodged Comfortably once
more — — —

[Sabb | Sabbath]SabbSabbath [Novr | November]NovrNovember 19[1786-11-10]:

About 9 we
went over the River, and so went
down to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Ha[Ahaſuerus | Ahasuerus]AhaſuerusAhasuerus
, and there was a
great Number of People and
we begun the Service about
12: I Spoke from Rom: II. 28-[above] 2929
and the People attended exceed
ing well and was affection,

after meeting took dinner at
the Same [Houſe | house]Houſehouse, and there was
one [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. John Connoot[pers1196.ocp] Dine there
[alſo | also]alſoalso, he is a Reader of Divine
Service, on Sabbaths, among
the Dutch, he is filing and Pre-
paring, to be a Preacher, he is
a Zealous Young man, — after
Dinner I went back to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Vedder[pers1235.ocp][above] ss
and Lodged there [onece | once]oneceonce more
was very kindly [entertain’d | entertained]entertain’dentertained — —

Monday [Novr | November]NovrNovember 20[1786-11-20]:

[Sot | Set]SotSet [of | off]ofoff early
in the morning, and we found it
had to get over ther River, there
good deal of Ice Came down the
River, I went down the river
and got [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. John H[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): o]oeg[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): e]eboom[pers1212.ocp]’s
about 12: and there I had a
meeting, there was [Conſidera-
ble | considera
number of People; I Spoke
from Mark VIII. 36: 37, and the
People were much affected, they
were Chiefly Dutch, and [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
John Cannoot[pers1196.ocp]
was here again

I [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged at the Same [Houſe | house]Houſehouse and
was very kindly Treated — —

[Tueſday | Tuesday]TueſdayTuesday [Novr | November]NovrNovember 21[1786-11-21]:

Some Time
after [Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast, I took leave
of the Family, and went on to
[Schenactada | Schenactady]SchenactadaSchenactady[place0202.ocp], [Call’d | called]Call’dcalled on one [mr | Mr.]mrMr.
Elias [Guiſley | Guisley]GuiſleyGuisley[pers1542.ocp]
, but was not at
Home, thiere was only [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Vedder[pers1235.ocp][above] ss
Daughter at Home, and I soon
[paſt | passed]paſtpassed on, and got [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. John
[Poſt | Post]PoſtPost[pers0922.ocp]
’s about 12: and there I
put up —

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday [Novr | November]NovrNovember 22[1786-11-12]:

was at the
Place, got Some [Cloah | cloth]Cloahcloth for a grea[above] tt
and a Jacket, and got them
made up, and had a Shirt
made [alſo | also]alſoalso,. — —

[Thirdsday | Thursday]ThirdsdayThursday [Novr | November]NovrNovember 23[1786-11-23]:

[wa | was]wawas abou[above] tt
to Set [of | off]ofoff, but the [Engliſh | English]EngliſhEnglish [Poep | people]Poeppeople
[illegible][Deſired | desired]Deſireddesired to Stay over the [Sabb | Sabbath]SabbSabbath
and I [Conſented | consented]Conſentedconsented, — — —

[Sabb | Sabbath]SabbSabbath [Novr | November]NovrNovember 26[1786-11-26]:

about 10

went to meeting, and it was
[extream | extreme]extreamextreme Cold, and was but
few People, I Spoke from Mark 6[above] 66
in the [after noon | afternoon]after noonafternoon from Jonah 3:5
and there was great Number of
People, and they attended with
great Solemnity, — — —

Monday [Novr | November]NovrNovember 27[1786-11-27]:

Some Time
in the morning, I took leave of
my Friends and went on to
[Neſquney | Niskayuna]NeſquneyNiskayuna[place0481.ocp], got there about
12: and about 1: went into
the meeting and there was
great Number of People, and
I Spoke from J [Hebrew | Hebrews]HebrewHebrews XI: 6
and the People were much
moved many of them, it was in
deed a Solemn Time, they made
a Some Collection, — Soon after
meeting, I went with one
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Fordt[pers1207.ocp] about a mile [& | and]&and

[Eaſtward | eastward]Eaſtwardeastward from the meeting
and there I Lodged, and was
very kindly treated; we [Sot | set]Sotset
up [Some w[illegible]hat | somewhat]Some w[illegible]hatsomewhat late, and
went to bed at [laſt | last]laſtlast, and had
Comfortable [reſt | rest]reſtrest — —

[Tuſday | Tuesday]TuſdayTuesday [Novr | November]NovrNovember 28[1786-11-28],

It was
very Cold, and Some Time
after [Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast, I took leave
of the Family, and went on
to [Be[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): u]u[illegible]ght | Debought]Be[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): u]u[illegible]ghtDebought[place0493.ocp], I [Calld | called]Calldcalled on [illegible]My
old Friend [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Sanford[pers1232.ocp], and
took dinner with him; and
Soon after Dinner, I went on
and [call’d | called]call’dcalled on [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Cornelius
, and [Stayd | stayed]Staydstayed
there Some Time took tea
there, [Juſt | Just]JuſtJust at Night, I went
to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. David Fero[pers1205.ocp]s, and kind
ly [receivd | received]receivdreceived, and Lodged there

about [Sun Sit | sunset]Sun Sitsunset we went meeting
at the [Houſe | house]Houſehouse onee Major Fondee[pers1208.ocp]
and there was a large number
of People, and I Spoke from [illegible]1 [Epes | Epistles]EpesEpistles
of John V. 10. and the People at
tended with great Solemnity, and
Shed Tears, Soon after meeting I
went back with [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Fero[pers1205.ocp]s Family
in a Slay, and there I Lodged, — —

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday [Novr | November]NovrNovember 29[1786-11-29]:

Some Time
after [Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast, [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Henry Fero[pers1206.ocp]
and I went to See the Falls, and
it is a grand Sight, the Power
of god is to be Seen in it, after
a while we went back, and I
took Dinner with him; and
towards night, I went to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
Jacob [Lawnſon | Lawnson]LawnſonLawnson[pers1215.ocp]
s; and I had no
thoughts of a meeting, but Soon
after [Duſk | dusk]Duſkdusk, the People b[above] eegan to
Come in and there was large num
ber of People, and I [preachd | preached]preachdpreached
to them from, Mark V: 4: and

and there was great Solemnity
and affection among the People
and I believe they will Soon
forget Evening. I [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged at
the Same [Houſe | house]Houſehouse, and was [exceead
I ingly | exceed
I ingly
well treated, went to bed
[Some what | somewhat]Some whatsomewhat late, and had Com-
fortable [reſt | rest]reſtrest, — —

[Thirdſday | Thursday]ThirdſdayThursday [Novr | November]NovrNovember 30[1786-11-30]:

was at
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Lawnſon | Lawnson]LawnſonLawnson[pers1215.ocp]s [till | 'til]till'til about 10
then I went to meeting, I [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped
a little while at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Levinus
[Lawnſon | Lawnson]LawnſonLawnson[pers1216.ocp]
, and about 11: we
went to the meeting [Houſe | house]Houſehouse,
and there was a large [numbr | number]numbrnumber
of People, and I Spoke to them
from [Diniel | Daniel]DinielDaniel: V. 25 [gap: omitted]
and there was a great Solemni
ty, and [may | many]maymany were I believe
felt the Power of the word,
after meeting, went to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
Levinus [Le[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): e]eghſon | Le[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): e]eghson]Le[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): e]eghſonLe[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): e]eghson[pers1216.ocp]
s again[illegible], —
and took Dinner with them

and Some Time towards night
I went to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. David Fero[pers1205.ocp]’s, and
the People Collected together again
for a meeting, and there was a larg[above] ee
Number got together; and I Spoke
from [Rom. | Romans]Rom.Romans II. 28-29 and the People
attended with much affection, I
believe they will not forget the
Night, very Soon — Lodged at
the Same [Houſe | house]Houſehouse and [reſted | rested]reſtedrested Com
fortable — —

[Fryday | Friday]FrydayFriday [Decr | December]DecrDecember 1[1786-12-01]

got up very
early and we were [geting | getting]getinggetting
ready to Go to Albany[place0001.ocp], one
of [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Fero[pers1205.ocp]s Sons one Daughters
and a Daughter in Law; we [Sot | set]Sotset
[of | off]ofoff in a wagon, before [Sun riſe | sunrise]Sun riſesunrise, [& | and]&and
we got to Albany[place0001.ocp], near 10, it is a
bout 9 miles, I [Calld | called]Calldcalled at a Certain
[Houſe | house]Houſehouse, from thence I went into
the City, one [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Blackney[pers1192.ocp] went
with me, and as I was going a
long [above] I [Caſt | cast]CaſtcastI [Caſt | cast]Caſtcast my Eyes down Street and

and Saw my good Brother Peter
[Pohquonuppeet | Pauquunnuppeet]PohquonuppeetPauquunnuppeet[pers0431.ocp]
, and another man
with him they were returning
to Oneida[place0179.ocp], and we Spent Some Time
together in a Certain Tavern, and
there I Saw [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Kirkland[pers0315.ocp] a minu[above] tete
or two, about 12 Sir Peter[pers0431.ocp] and I
parted, I went to See [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [McDolna[above] ll | McDonal]McDolna[above] llMcDonal[pers1219.ocp]
a [Mi[ſ | s]ſsniſter | minister]Mi[ſ | s]ſsniſterminister of the [Preſſbeterian | Presbyterian]PreſſbeterianPresbyterian
[illegible] Congregation, found him very
Sociable, and a lively gentleman
took Dinner with him, and Soon
after Dinner, went [of | off]ofoff to took my
Company, and went to the Same
[Houſe | house]Houſehouse, that I went into [firſt | first]firſtfirst, [& | and]&and
was there but few minutes and
had an [opportunety | opportunity]opportunetyopportunity to return to
Debought[place0493.ocp] in another wagon
and we to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [gap: omitted]
and [preſently | presently]preſentlypresently after I we got there
there was a number of Neighbou[above] rsrs
Came in to hear Something from
the Word of god, and I [dropt | dropped]droptdropped a
few words to them, and I Lodge
there and was exceedingly well

Treated, and the People of the
[Houſe | house]Houſehouse [appeard | appeared]appeardappeared and talked like
[Chriſtians | Christians]ChriſtiansChristians, there was one old gentle
man, [helpleſs | helpless]helpleſshelpless, has been So for Some

[above] Saturday [Novr | November]NovrNovember 2[1786-12-02]Saturday [Novr | November]NovrNovember 2[1786-12-02].

Soon after [Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast the
man of the [Houſe | house]Houſehouse got his [Horſes | horses]Horſeshorses [& | and]&and
Wagon ready and he carried me
to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Fero[pers1205.ocp]’s, and I was there a
while, and then took leave of the
Family, and left the Place [& | and]&and
went to half Moon[place0494.ocp], [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
[Leighſen | Leighsen]LeighſenLeighsen[pers1636.ocp]
’s and took Dinner with
him, and Soon after Dinner I went
on and [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Fundee[pers1208.ocp]s
he keeps a Ferry, and he was
not at home, and [preſently | presently]preſentlypresently after
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Le[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): e]eghſen | Le[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): e]eghsen]Le[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): e]eghſenLe[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): e]eghsen[pers1636.ocp], came to me, and
So we went on together to half Moon[place0494.ocp]
he went afoot, and we got to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
’s Some Time before night
and I was kindly [receivd | received]receivdreceived; and
in the Evening, we went to Mr[Colol | Col.]CololCol.
[gap: omitted] and there was a num
ber of men, and we had very a

[agreable | agreeable]agreableagreeable [Converſation | conversation]Converſationconversation, took [Super | supper]Supersupper
there, and Some after I [returnd | returned]returndreturned
with [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Clute[pers1152.ocp], and there I [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged
and a Comfortable [reſt | rest]reſtrest — —

[Sabb | Sabbath]SabbSabbath Novr[above] [Decr | December]DecrDecember[Decr | December]DecrDecember 3[1786-12-03]:

about 10: went to
meeting, about a mile, and there
was a large Number of People,
[tho’ | though]tho’though it was a Cold Day, [illegible] I Spoke
from [Marke | Mark]MarkeMark VIII. 36. 37: and the
People were greatly [bowd | bowed]bowdbowed before
the word, many were deeply [afect
ed | affect
, — after meeting I with one
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Comſtock | Comstock]ComſtockComstock[pers1153.ocp], and took dinner there
he is an [Engliſhman | Englishman]EngliſhmanEnglishman, after [Dr | dinner]Drdinner
we had [Exerciſe | exercise]Exerciſeexercise with my Christian
Cards with a few People, and it
was [agreable | agreeable]agreableagreeable to them; — In then
Evening, went to meeting to a
Certain [Houſe | house]Houſehouse, but there [illegible]were
So many People, we were [obligd | obliged]obligdobliged
to go to Meeting [Houſe | house]Houſehouse again
and there was near as many
this evening as there was in
the [Day Time | daytime]Day Timedaytime and I Spoke

from 1 Kings XIX 13 and there was
greater Solemnity than in the
[Day Time | daytime]Day Timedaytime. it was a Night to be
[rememberd | remembered]rememberdremembered, — after meeting went
home with [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Clute[pers1152.ocp], went to bed
[Some what | somewhat]Some whatsomewhat Early, and had a
Comfortable Sleep — — —

Monday [Decr | December]DecrDecember 4[1786-12-04]:

Af[illegible]ter [Break
faſt | break
, a Number of People Came
in, and we had [Exerciſe | exercise]Exerciſeexercise with
my [Chriſtian | Christian]ChriſtianChristian Cards and it was
very [agreable | agreeable]agreableagreeable to them —
Some Time towards Noon I took
leave of the Family, and of, [& | and]&and
went to the Point, intended to
go over then[illegible] River there. I
went to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. John VenVkan
R. Vender[above] warwarken[pers1182.ocp]
and they
had a great Mind to have me
Stay so as to have a meeting
[inening | evening]ineningevening, and Finally I Con
cluded to [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped, and so in the
evening I went to meeting

So in the evening we went to
the City and had a meeting in
a large [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): [uper | upper]uperupper][uper | upper]uperupper Room, very [elogant | elegant]elogantelegant
and there was a [Conſiderable | considerable]Conſiderableconsiderable of
People and I Spoke from John XII
and the People attended with great
and Solemn attention; and after
[exerciſe | exercise]exerciſeexercise I [Sot | sat]Sotsat down [a while | awhile]a whileawhile by the
Fire, and [Capt | Capt.]CaptCapt. Morgan[pers1223.ocp] the man
of the [Houſe | house]Houſehouse began to [aſk | ask]aſkask me
Some [Queſtions | questions]Queſtionsquestions, in favour of
[univerſal | universal]univerſaluniversal Salvation, and we
had a mile [Converſation | conversation]Converſationconversation, and
many People heard us, and they
may Judge between us — and
So after a while I [returnd | returned]returndreturned home
with [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. John R. Venderwarken[pers1182.ocp]
and it [Snowd | snowed]Snowdsnowed quite fast, and
we [Sot | set]Sotset a long while after we got
[hom | home]homhome, and we had very [agreable | agreeable]agreableagreeable
[Converſation | conversation]Converſationconversation, and at [lenght | length]lenghtlength I went
to Bed quietly once more — — —

[Tueſday | Tuesday]TueſdayTuesday Novr 6[above] [Decr | December]DecrDecember 5[Decr | December]DecrDecember 5[1786-12-05]:

We found [Con
ſiderable | con
depth of Snow this
[illegible]Morning, and it Continued to

Snow, — This morning I Baptized
a Child for one [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Stephen Picket[pers1637.ocp]
by the Name Stephen Gregory[pers1638.ocp], I
[Stayd | stayed]Staydstayed here all Day. it was Cold
Day, and it [Snowd | snowed]Snowdsnowed [till | 'til]till'til about 12
in the Evening, we had [exerciſe | exercise]exerciſeexercise
with my Cards, and it was very
[agreable | agreeable]agreableagreeable to the Company and was
much [Pleaſd | pleased]Pleaſdpleased; we [Sot | sat]Sotsat up Some
what late, and it was very Cold
all Night — —

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday [above] [Decr | December]DecrDecember[Decr | December]DecrDecemberNovr 6[1786-12-06],

It was [ex
tream | ex
Cold, and I Continued to be
here all Day again, in the
Evening a few Neighbours Came
in, and we [exerciſe | exercise]exerciſeexercise with my Cards
and we had quite [agreable | agreeable]agreableagreeable even
ing, the Company was much [gra
tifed | gratified]
gratified, and well [Pleaſd | pleased]Pleaſdpleased. —

[Thirdsday | Thursday]ThirdsdayThursday [above] [Decr | December]DecrDecember[Decr | December]DecrDecemberNovr 7[1786-12-07]:

Soon after eat
ing, [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Venderwarken[pers1182.ocp] [illegible]Got his
[Slay | sleigh]Slaysleigh ready, and took me and
Carried me to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Fundee[pers1208.ocp]’s ferry
I [calld | called]calldcalled at [mr | Mrs.]mrMrs. Fundee[pers1208.ocp]s, and

and took Dinner there, Soon
after Dinner, [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Funde[pers1208.ocp] took
me in his [Slay | sleigh]Slaysleigh, and we went
to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Fero[pers1205.ocp]’s, we [Calld | called]Calldcalled at [mr | Mr.]mrMr.
[illegible][Le[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): n]nghſen | Le[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): n]nghsen]Le[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): n]nghſenLe[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): n]nghsen[pers1639.ocp]
s and he went
with us, and we Came back
Soon, and we [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. John
[Lenghſen | Lenghsen]LenghſenLenghsen[pers1217.ocp]
s, and there we took
Tea; Soon after Tea, we went
[a long | along]a longalong; and I [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. R.
[Le[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): n]nghſen | Le[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): n]nghsen]Le[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): n]nghſenLe[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): n]nghsen[pers1218.ocp]
, where meeting is
to be this evening. [Juſt | Just]JuſtJust at
[Duſk | dusk]Duſkdusk, the People began to
Come together, and there was
a large number of People, and
I Spoke from III [illegible][Heb | Hebrews]HebHebrews two [laſt | last]laſtlast
[verſes | verses]verſesverses, and it [wa | was]wawas a Solemn
Time, the People attended
with great affection — I
Lodged at the Same [Houſe | house]Houſehouse
and was Treated with

great [Tenderneſs | tenderness]Tenderneſstenderness and [Friend­
ſhip | Friend
, went to bed in good [Sea­
ſon | Sea
and Comfortable [reſt | rest]reſtrest — —

[Fryday | Friday]FrydayFriday [Decr | December]DecrDecember 8[1786-12-08]:

I got up a
great while before Day, and
a Young Woman, a [Houſekeeper | housekeeper]Houſekeeperhousekeeper
got up too, and as I was going
[down Stares | downstairs]down Staresdownstairs, She took hold of
me, and [helpd | helped]helpdhelped me down; [& | and]&and
the old gentleman got up too
Soon after, and we had very
[agreable | agreeable]agreableagreeable [Converſation | conversation]Converſationconversation, upon
Religious Concerns; and before
Day we had our Breakfast;
after that we had [Exerciſe | exercise]Exerciſeexercise with
my Cards, there was only one
white [perſon | person]perſonperson, and Several Negroe[above] ss
and after that we [prayd | prayed]praydprayed, and
it was broad [Day light | daylight]Day lightdaylight, and [illegible]
my [Horſe | horse]Horſehorse was got up, and be
fore [Sun riſe | sunrise]Sun riſesunrise Some Time I was
on [Horſe | horse]Horſehorse back, and I [Juſt | just]Juſtjust [calld | called]calldcalled

on [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. John [Lenghſen | Lenghsen]LenghſenLenghsen[pers1217.ocp], and So
[past | passed]pastpassed on, [Call’d | called]Call’dcalled at [gap: omitted]
a few minutes, and so [paſt | passed]paſtpassed on
myy way to Albany[place0001.ocp]; got there
a [lilte | little]liltelittle after 9: put up at a Ta-
vern, — went to See Some Friends —
about 2 I left Albany[place0001.ocp], and
went over the River, got to
[Esqr | Esq.]EsqrEsq. Woodworth[pers0940.ocp]s [juſt | just]juſtjust after [Sun
Sit | sun
and found them well but
one girl, and there [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged
It is remarkable, that Since
I left [Onoida | Oneida]OnoidaOneida[place0179.ocp]; I have been [above] withwith
Dutch People almost altogether
I have [lodg’d | lodged]lodg’dlodged in [Engliſh | English]EngliſhEnglish [Familys | families]Familysfamilies
but twice, and I never was
treated better by any People
nor So well, — and I have [prea[above] chdchd | preached]prea[above] chdchdpreached
[amongſt | amongst]amongſtamongst [Chifely | chiefly]Chifelychiefly, and there is
a remarkable attention [a
mongſt | a
them, as ever was Seen
[amongt | amongst]amongtamongst hereabouts, indeed
there is great moving among[above] stst

them in Several Places, [eſpeci
al | especi
at Debought[place0493.ocp], I [preahd | preached]preahdpreached there
Six Times, Yea, theye [woud | would]woudwould get
together, [where ever | wherever]where everwherever I am, to get
[inſtruction | instruction]inſtructioninstruction, they Seem to be real
ly hungry after the word of god.
at half moon[place0494.ocp], the Dutch People
are the [forwardeſt | forwardest]forwardeſtforwardest for meetings
there are a great Number of
[Engliſh | English]EngliſhEnglish Families, but not half
So forward for meetings, as the
Dutch are, — I believe the [Ld | Lord]LdLord
is about to Call them by his
Divine [opperations | operations]opperationsoperations in a more
Remarkable manner, than they
have had Yet in this Country,
they have been [lookd | looked]lookdlooked upon, in
general, both by Christian People
and Heathen Indians, as a [Care
leſs | Care
profane People, as any that
[illegible] pretends to Christianity, or [thoſe | those]thoſethose
that are [Calld | called]Calldcalled Christian People

Saturday [Decr | December]DecrDecember 9[1786-12-09]

was at [Esqr | Esq.]EsqrEsq.
s all Day, and it [Snowd | snowed]Snowdsnowed
all Day, and it was quite Cold —

[Sabath | Sabbath]SabathSabbath [DecrDecember | ]DecrDecember 10[1786-12-10]:

It [Snowd | snowed]Snowdsnowed Still [& | and]&and
there was a great Body of Snow on
the ground, it was about 3: feet
and 3 [illegible]Inches Deep upon a level
and it was exceeding Cold, about
10 the People gbegan to Come toge
ther, and there was [afew | a few]afewa few got together
Yet as many again [Coud | could]Coudcould be [ex-
peted | ex-
for the weather and Snow,
and about 12: we be[illegible]gan the
Service, and I Spoke from
2 [Corin | Corinthians]CorinCorinthians VI. 17. 18 and the People at
tended well, — [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged at the Same
[Houſe | house]Houſehouse again, and it was [extrea[above] mm | extreme]extrea[above] mmextreme
Cold Night, I was [gap: omitted]

[note (type: editorial): Blank page.]
[right] }Griffin}Griffin
Brethren of the [above] NN Town,
Called [Brotherton | Brothertown]BrothertonBrothertown[place0023.ocp],
Send greetings to the
Brethren of [Canaharoha[above] rere | Kanawalohale]Canaharoha[above] rereKanawalohale[place0114.ocp]
and invite them to Come,
to our Town
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. David Write[pers1240.ocp] [illegible] Sarah[pers1241.ocp]
John [Robbinſon | Robbinson]RobbinſonRobbinson[pers1230.ocp]..Mertin[pers1231.ocp]
Cato [Quaſh | Quash]QuaſhQuash[pers1226.ocp]Simon[pers1227.ocp]
Seth Vedder[pers1640.ocp] of [Neſquney | Niskayuna]NeſquneyNiskayuna[place0481.ocp]
[note (type: editorial): Blank page.] [note (type: editorial): Blank Page.]

Stockbridge Tribe
The Stockbridge Indians were the inhabitants of the town of Stockbridge, Massachusetts, a Christian Indian town modeled on John Eliot’s 17th-century “praying towns” (Indian towns where the inhabitants lived an Anglicized life style). Established in 1734, Stockbridge was composed of Mahicans, Housatonics, Wappingers, and Esopus (at the end of the 18th century, the Stockbridge Indians also adopted many New Jersey Delaware). The Stockbridge Indians had close ties to the Brothertown Nation, a composite tribe of Algonquian Indians from around the Long Island Sound which was organized by alumni of Moor’s Indian Charity School. The town played host to a series of famous missionaries and ministers, including John Sergeant Sr., Gideon Hawley, Jonathan Edwards, and John Sergeant Jr. (Sergeant Sr. established a boarding school at Stockbridge that provided the model for Eleazar Wheelock’s Moor’s Indian Charity School.) Eventually, the problems that the Stockbridge Indians encountered with white families who owned land in their town (most notably the Williams family) convinced them of the dangers of white land expansion and influenced their later land policies. In 1785, the Stockbridge Indians relocated to a tract of land in Oneida territory adjacent to the Brothertown settlement. (During the Revolution, Stockbridge played host to displaced Brothertown and Oneida Indians who had fled central New York. These ties were extremely influential in the decision to relocate.) They called their town New Stockbridge. By the turn of the 19th century, land pressures again overwhelmed the Brothertown and Stockbridge Indians and, along with many Oneida, they sought land in the west where they could attempt to escape white expansion.
Oneida Nation
The Oneidas are one of the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) Six Nations. During the 18th century, they were largely considered the most Christianized Haudenosaunee tribe. The Oneidas had a rich tradition of indigenous ministers, including Good Peter, Deacon Thomas, and Isaac Dakayenensere, and played host to several Moor’s missionaries, including Samson Occom, David Fowler, Samuel Ashpo, Joseph Johnson, Joseph Woolley, Titus Smith, and Samuel Kirkland (who went on to found Hamilton Oneida Academy, now Hamilton College). They were also the interpreter James Dean’s adoptive tribe. Notable Oneida towns included Onaquaga, Kanawalohale, and Old Oneida. Onaquaga was the central fire of the Six Nations. By the 18th century, it also had a sizeable contingent of Onondagas and Tuscaroras. Good Peter and Isaac Dakayenensere taught there, as did Joseph Woolley. Kanawalohale and Old Oneida were more predominantly Oneida. The Oneidas were involved in several crucial moments in the history of Moor's Indian Charity School. Onaquaga was the site of the 1765 confrontation between Wheelock and the New England Company, in which the New England Company disrupted Titus Smith's mission, first by sending their own missionary, and second by repossessing Elisha Gunn, the interpreter they had agreed to "loan" to Titus Smith. Left without an interpreter, Titus Smith was forced to abandon his mission (Wheelock repaid the favor a few years later by hiring James Dean away from the New England Company). A few years later, in 1769, Deacon Thomas led the Oneidas in withdrawing all their children from Moor's. The Oneidas' departure struck a devastating blow against Wheelock's Indian education plans, and provided more momentum for his shift to educating predominantly Anglo-Americans. The Oneidas sided with the colonists during the Revolution, but they were still affected by the general devastation in Six Nations territory, especially the Sullivan Expedition (1779). After the Revolution, the Oneidas granted tracts of their land to two Christian Indian organizations: the Brothertown tribe, a composite tribe of Moor’s alumni from New England, and the Stockbridge Indians. It was not long before the groups came into conflict with one another. Encroachment from the new State of New York put increasing pressure on Oneida land, and the Oneidas tried to renegotiate their treaties with the Brothertown and Stockbridge Indians to compensate. The Brothertown and Stockbridge Indians fought back, but by the 1820s all three groups had lost, and many of them relocated to Wisconsin.
Blooming Grove

Blooming Grove is a town in New York's Orange County, on the western bank of the Hudson River north of New York City. The area was originally inhabited by the Minisink Indians, an Algonquian-speaking part of the Lenni-Lenape Nation, before colonists pressured them to sell their lands in the 17th and 18th centuries. By 1765, only 750 Minisinks remained in Orange County. When Henry Hudson sailed up the Hudson River in 1609, he dropped anchor near what would become Cornwall, NY. Blooming Grove was an area of the town of Cornwall until 1799, when it separated to form its own town. In his journal for 1775, Occom records a visit to Blooming Grove, which had a Presbyterian Church and, thus, an interested populace, as part of his preaching tour. He stayed with John Brewster, the Cornwall town clerk, and preached to the townspeople. In another undated journal entry, Occom fondly recounts a past visit to Blooming Grove during which he gave a young girl a book, and his later encounter with this woman as an adult while visiting near Fort Hunter, NY.

Fort Hunter

Located in Montgomery County, and named after Governor Hunter of New York, Fort Hunter refers to the land located where the Mohawk River and the Schoharie Creek converge in Old Albany County, New York, as well as to the fort built on that land. Fort Hunter was also referred to as the Lower Mohawk Castle, while Upper Mohawk Castle referred to another Mohawk village located near present day Danube, New York. The Mohawk people, who originally occupied this land, referred to the village as Tionondoroge (also spelled Thienderego, Teantontalago, Tiononderoga, Tienonderoga, and Icanderoga). In 1686, the city charter gave Albany the right to the land that would comprise Fort Hunter. According to a European account, "Four Mohawk Kings," including Hendrick Peters Tejonihokarawa who hailed from the Fort Hunter area, met with Queen Anne in 1710 to request protection from the French and aid for the Anglican missionaries; she complied in 1711 and authorized the building of the actual fort. The following year, Anglican clerics, who were funded by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in England, built a mission on the land. Because the Mohawk tribe fought with the British against the American colonists, most Mohawks from Fort Hunter fled to Montreal after the American Revolution.

Mohawk River
Fort Stanwix

Fort Stanwix (also known as Fort Schuyler) is located northeast of Syracuse in present-day Rome, New York. Under the direction of British General John Stanwix, for whom the fort is named, the British began constructing the fort in 1758 in order to control the Oneida Carry, which is the portage path between the Mohawk River and Wood Creek. During the French and Indian War, the British built several forts in the Oneida Carry area, but by August 1756, the British ordered all the forts destroyed when they received word that British posts nearby were quickly falling to the French. In 1758, the British attempted to reoccupy Oneida Carry by building Fort Stanwix. The building of the fort did in fact give the British the dominant position in the area, which they retained throughout the remainder of the French and Indian War. The British Army abandoned the fort in 1765. In October 1768, David Avery wrote a letter to Wheelock describing the possibility of recruiting students for the Indian Charity School from a gathering of Indians from the Six Nations, at Fort Stanwix. This gathering and the negotiations that took place resulted in the signing of the Treaty of Fort Stanwix on November 5, 1768. This treaty, between the British and the Six Nations, Shawnees, Delawares, Mingos and other tribes, delineated territory between the British and the Indians. The treaty drew a boundary line from Fort Stanwix down to the Ohio River, and followed the Ohio River west to where it meets the present-day Tennessee River. During the American Revolution, the colonists built a new fort in place of Fort Stanwix. This fort was named Fort Schuyler but was often referred to as Fort Stanwix.

Bowman's Creek

Bowman's Creek is a small village about four miles long within the town of Canajoharie in central New York's Montgomery County. Canajoharie (also known as Indian Castle or Upper Castle for the Mohawk fortifications surrounding the town) was a major Mohawk village that became a central location for the missionary activity of Wheelock and others. By the time Occom visited the area in the late 1780s, disease and war had decimated the Mohawk population and only around 250 Indians remained in the area. The village is named for Jacob Bowman, an English colonist who purchased land at the head of the creek in 1760. Occom notes the village as a location distinct from Canajoharie, which he also mentions visiting, and it was a frequent stop on his preaching tours of the 1780s. While in Bowman's Creek, Occom preached to the town's residents, likely at the Presbyterian church. In one entry, he notes baptizing a resident.

German Flatts

German Flatts is located in upper Mohawk Valley on the south side of the Mohawk River in Herkimer County, New York. The Oneidas had settled this land for centuries before Palatine German immigrants, for whom the town is named, settled there in the 1720s. The Palatines were granted leases from Governor Burnet to purchase land from the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) in 1723. The Germans and Oneidas sustained excellent relations and had both a trading and military alliance (and even had several inter-marriages). When the French and Indian War began, the German Flatts settlers and the Oneidas agreed to maintain peace and neutrality. Both the Palatines and the Oneidas resented nearby Fort Herkimer, believing it made the area a military target. The French refused to accept the neutrality of the Indians and Germans at German Flatts, and in 1757, the French and their Indian allies attacked a Palatine settlement in German Flatts with the help of a few Oneidas who succumbed to pressure from the French. The Germans could not defend themselves (40 were killed and 150 were taken captive back to New France), and the French and their Indian allies burned much of German Flatts. After the French and Indian War, the Germans and Haudenosaunee renewed their trading relationship and maintained peace throughout the 1760s. In two separate letters in September 1761, Wheelock refers to a July 7, 1761 letter from Occom, written from German Flatts, reporting his kind reception by the Six Nations. Wheelock also recounts a July 7th letter from General Johnson from German Flatts written by two Mohawk boys whom the General recommends as interpreters or missionaries for the Indian Charity School. In a 1767 letter to Robert Keen, Wheelock quotes letters from Samuel Kirtland that express the lack of provisions due to years of poor crops. In 1778 during the American Revolution, the Loyalists and Mohawks, led by Joseph Brant, attacked German Flatts, and residents withdrew to Fort Herkimer. While the majority of the Haudenosaunee sided with the British, the Oneidas supported the colonists in the Revolution.


Stockbridge is a town in Madison County in central New York state, named for the Stockbridge Indians of Western Massachusetts. During the Revolutionary war, the Stockbridge Indians had befriended the Oneidas, whose villages were burned down by Indians allied to the British. When the Stockbridge tribe lost ownership of their Christian Indian town, the Oneidas invited them to settle on a six-mile square township, known as "The New Stockbridge Indian Territory." Although the details are unclear, a letter from the Stockbridge chief, Hendrick Aupaumut, to Governor George Clinton of New York suggests that the Oneidas gave the Stockbridge Indians a written deed in 1784, possibly at the Treaty of Fort Stanwix that year. The state of New York confirmed the Tribe's ownership of the town on several later occasions, but would ultimately rescind its promise, forcing the Stockbridge Indians to remove further west to Indiana and Wisconsin, where they ultimately settled in the early 19th century. By 1785, the majority of the Stockbridge tribe from Massachusetts had moved to the town of New Stockbridge, originally called "Tuscarora" or "Old Oneida" by the white settlers. In 1787, the Scottish Society for the Propagation of Christian Knowledge hired John Sergeant, son of the original missionary in Massachusetts, as minister for the tribe; Sergeant travelled between his home in Stockbrige, MA, to New Stockbridge every year for nearly forty years in that capacity. In 1788, Occom, who had been invited as minister for the Brothertown settlement nearby, opposed Sergeant's mission but Occom's death in 1792 settled the conflict. In 1795, three New York Quakers visited New Stockbridge and began an exchange that helped the village to flourish. The first Europeans settlers arrived in 1791, and the present day town was created in 1836 from parts of four adjoining towns.

Oriskany Creek

Oriskany Creek is a 33 mile-long tributary of the Mohawk River in Oneida County, NY. The Oneida village of Oriskany grew up at the juncture of the Mohawk River and the Oriskany Creek, which was the beginning of an east-west trading route known as the Oneida Carry, part of an extensive trail and water-way system connecting the Atlantic to the Great Lakes. The creek provided fertile land and fish for the Oneida trading village.


Brothertown was a multi-tribal Indian settlement in the center of what is now New York state. In the 1760s, Indians in New England and New York were devastated by war, disease, and European settlement, and many who had converted to Christianity believed that pressures and influences from surrounding European settlers impeded them from living Christian lives. The Brothertown Indians began as a group of Christian Indians including members of the Mohegan, Pequot, Narragansett, Montauk, Tunxis, Wangunk, and Niantic tribes. In the 1770s, led by Occom and Joseph Johnson, this group of Indians moved to land granted to them by the Oneida in New York. They named the land Brothertown to both reflect their intention to live with fellow tribes as brothers and also to pay tribute to Brotherton, a Delaware Indian reservation in New Jersey that served as an inspiration for the Christian Indian settlement. When the Revolutionary War began, the Indians of Brothertown sided with the Patriots, and as a result, British sympathizers burnt the Brothertown settlement in 1777. After this, many Brothertown settlers moved east while others remained and fought alongside the colonists.In the 1780s, many more New England Indians, including Occom and his family, moved to Brothertown and the nearby settlement of New Stockbridge, forming a town government, church and schools. In the early 1800s, the state of New York began to purchase tracts of Oneida land, and the Indians were forced to leave New York and settle in Greenbay, Wisconsin.


Mohegan is a village in southeastern Connecticut at the site of the present-day town of Montville, and is the location of the Mohegan Indian Reservation. The village gets its name from the Mohegan Tribe, or wolf people, who split from the Pequots in the early 17th century under the leadership of the sachem Uncas. In the 1720s, the Mohegans requested the colony of Connecticut provide them with an English educator. An English minister and schoolteacher named John Mason (no relation to Captain John Mason) moved to Mohegan in order to provide English-styled education to the Mohegans, convinced his sponsors, the New England Company, to build a schoolhouse at Mohegan, which eventually served as a boarding school for other Native American children from the surrounding area. During the 17th century, the Mohegan Tribe became embroiled in a complicated controversy over control of Mohegan land — known as the Mason Land Case or, more specifically, Mohegan Indians v. Connecticut — that included the village of Mohegan. The Tribe claimed that it never authorized a transfer of their lands, held in trust by the Mason family, to the colonial government. In 1662, the colony of Connecticut was incorporated by a royal charter, which included the disputed tribal land. The land controversy was revived in 1704 when descendants of John Mason, the original trustee, petitioned the Crown on behalf of the Mohegans, but the suit was finally decided against the Tribe in 1773. Born in Mohegan, Occom became involved in the Mason Land Case and vehemently argued for the rights of the Mohegan Indians to maintain their land, opposing Eleazar Wheelock and other ministers in the area. Although Occom left Mohegan for a 12-year mission with the Montauk Indians of Long Island, he returned at the end of 1763 with his large family to build a house in Mohegan, establishing it as his base of operations. Even after the creation of the Brothertown settlement in Oneida country, for which he served as minister, Occom continued to commute back and forth from Mohegan; he didn't sell his house in Mohegan and move his family to Brothertown until 1789. Many members of his family remained in Mohegan, including his sister Lucy Tantaquidgeon, who lived there until her death at 99 in 1830.


Montauk is an unincorporated hamlet located on the eastern tip of Long Island in southeastern New York. The town was named after the Montaukett Indians who lived on much of eastern Long Island when Europeans first made contact in the 17th century. Archeological records show that Native Americans occupied eastern Long Island at least 3,000 years prior to European contact. The Montaukett Indians derived their name from the land they lived on, Montaukett meaning hilly country. The Montauketts made great use of Long Island’s abundant resources, and the nation subsisted by growing crops such as corn, squash, and beans as well as gathering berries, herbs, and roots. In addition to game such as deer and fish, the Montauketts also hunted whales and used every part of the whale, including its oil, which they burned in large clamshells. Living on an island at first isolated the Montaukett people, but they soon became a strong economic force in the region thanks to the production of the American Indian currency wampum. Wampum was constructed out of polished sea shells, which were found in abundance along Long Island’s beaches. The Montauketts' rich resources, however, led to wars with surrounding Indian nations, including the Pequots and Narragansetts to the north. The Pequots eventually forced the Montauketts to forfeit wampum as tribute. By the early 17th century, the Montauketts were faced with wars against surrounding Native Americans and an onslaught of European diseases, and in order to preserve his nation’s territorial integrity, the Montaukett sachem, Wyandanch, established an alliance with English settlers in Connecticut in 1637. Over time, however, the Montauketts' began selling off land to the English settlers, and disease further decimated their numbers. A 1650 smallpox epidemic killed around two-thirds of the Montaukett people. In 1665, Wyandanch granted the English permission to pasture livestock on Montaukett lands. In 1686 a group of East Hampton settlers known as the Proprietors bought the territory of Montauk from the Montauketts, and would continue to hold on to the land in a joint trust for the next 200 years. Despite attempts over the years, the town has never been incorporated as a village. Many years later, the Montauketts attempted to reassert their land rights on Long Island by petitioning New York State Judge Abel Blackmar in 1909. Blackmar refused to recognize the Montauketts as an Indian tribe, which has to this day left them without a reservation on the land that still bears their name.


Narragansett is a town in Washington County, Rhode Island, covering a narrow strip of land along the eastern bank of the Pettaquamscutt River to the Narragansett Bay in the southeastern part of the state. Today, it is known for its summer recreation and beaches. It is named for the most powerful Indian tribe in the area, the Narragansetts (meaning people of the small point), who are descendants of the aboriginal inhabitants of the area. Known as warriors, the Narragansetts customarily offered protection to the smaller tribes, the Nipmuck bands, the Niantics, Wampanoags and Manisseans, who paid tribute to them. Their sachem, Canonicus, met and befriended the English dissenter Roger Williams as he fled the Massachusetts Bay colony in 1636 and founded the settlement of Providence Plantation. The mutual respect they achieved disappeared in 1658 and 1659 as two groups of English investors hungry for land purchased two tracts of valuable land, which became known as "Narragansett Country," including what would become the town of Narragansett. This consisted of three peninsulas called "Boston Neck," "Little Neck," and "Point Judith Neck," which were used for grazing, farming and fishing. In 1675, the Narragansett allied themselves with the Wampanoag leader Metacom (aka King Philip), in his effort to regain tribal land in Massachusetts. A military force of English Puritans from Plymouth, Massaschusetts Bay and Connecticut massacred a group of Narragansetts, mostly women, children and the elderly living in their winter camp in the Great Swamp. The survivors retreated deep into the forest lands, which make up today's Reservation; others who refused to be subjected to the authority of the United Colonies were hunted down and killed, sold into slavery in the Caribbean, or migrated to Brothertown in upstate New York and Wisconsin. For the next 200 years, the population of the town expanded slowly, large plantations emerged, commerce evolved and the area became known for its cheese, sheep, horses, and grain. The Narragensett Pier was built in 1781 in the center of the village to accommodate shipping in Narragansett Bay.


The Tunxis Indians first established a village on the east side of a river (now named the Farmington River) and called it Tunxis Sepus, meaning at the bend of the little river. English settlers renamed it Plantation at Tunxis in 1640, and in 1645, the Connecticut General Assembly incorporated the land, in central Connecticut, as the town of Farmington. Throughout the 18th century, the Tunxis Indians attended church and school with the settlers. In a letter to George Whitefield, Wheelock wrote of a 14-year-old Farmington Indian who demonstrated a gift for learning and knew how to read and write English, indicating that the young Indian might make a great addition to his school. At least six male students who were possibly from Farmington entered the Indian Charity School between 1761 and 1762. Also, Occom's son-in-law, Joseph Johnson, resided in and wrote a letter from Farmington prior to establishing the Brothertown settlement in upstate New York. According to Calloway, the possible Farmington students were Moses, Samuel Ashpo, Daniel Mossuck, and Jacob Fowler, Enoch Closs, Samuel Tallman. However, the letter does not indicate whether the student Wheelock mentions ever attended the school.

Johns Town
New York City
Cherry Valley

A village, now within the town of Cherry Valley, in Otsego County, east central New York state. It was founded in 1739 by John Lindesay, a Scot who got a land grant from King George II, and who traded with the Indians throughout western New York. It became one of the strongest settlements on the frontier, and was the site during the Revoutionary War of the Cherry Valley Massacre of 1778 led by Mohawk war chief Joseph Brant and Tory rangers.


Schenectady is a city located in eastern New York State. The area that would become Schenectady was originally controlled by the Mohawk Indians, the easternmost and most powerful of the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) Confederacy. The land making up Schenectady was one stop on the much larger Mohawk Trail, which extended from Schenectady to what would become Albany, New York. The name of Schenectady was a derivation of the Mohawk word, Schau-naugh-ta-da, which meant the place beyond the open pines. The first Europeans to arrive at Schenectady were the Dutch who established a settlement there in 1661. Schenectady would come under British control as Dutch power in the Americas waned and the British established the colony of New York. In 1690 during King William’s War, Schenectady became the target of French and Indian soldiers who attacked the town and killed 60 of its residents, an event that became known as the Schenectady Massacre. There was a smallpox outbreak in Schenectady in 1767, as noted in this collection’s documents. In 1780, Oneidas found refuge from Loyalist and Mohawk attacks in Schenectady, and the town served as a stop on the way to Brothertown, the pan-Indian settlement founded by Occom and other graduates of Wheelock’s school. Schenectady was designated a borough in 1765 and eventually incorporated as a city 1798.


Niskayuna is a town in east central New York State on the Mohawk River, just east of the city Schenectady. The name Niskayuna means "extensive corn flats," and is said to come from the Connestigione Indians who occupied a large area on both sides of the river when Dutch settlers arrived around 1642. The Dutch negotiated land deals with several Connestigione chiefs, and began to build homes and farms in the area in the 1660's. In 1746, George Clinton, Governor of New York colony, built one of a line of blockhouses ranging from Fort Massachusetts to Fort Hunter in Niskayuna, and in 1799, the Albany-Schenectady Turnpike (now Route 5) was built through the town. In 1822, the Erie Canal crossed the Mohawk River into Niskayuna, and in 1843 the Troy and Schenectady Railroad was built along the Mohawk River with a station in Niskayuna. The reformed Church of Niskayuna, organized around 1750, is the church at which Occom mentions preaching in his journal of 1787. Around the time that Occom and other Moor's graduates founded Brothertown on Oneida land in upstate New York, Occom commuted back and forth from Mohegan to Brothertown, often stopping to preach to large, enthusiastic crowds in churches and settlements in the area. He mentions preaching at Niskayuna and staying with acquaintances in 1786, 1787 and 1790, often in winter and braving difficult traveling conditions. He likely traveled on the trail that in 1799 became the Albany-Schenectady Turnpike.


Albany is a city located in eastern New York. When Netherlander Henry Hudson arrived in what would become Albany in 1609, the Mohican Indians lived in several villages in the area. The Mohicans gave Hudson’s crew furs, and the Dutch East India Company sent representatives to trade with the Native peoples. The Dutch established the village of Beverwyck within the territory of the New Netherlands. Beverwyck hosted a diverse population of Germans, French, Swedes, English, Irish, Scots, Dutch, and Africans. After the fall of New Netherlands to Britain in 1664, Beverwyck was renamed Albany in honor of the colony’s proprietor James, Duke of York and Albany. In 1686, Albany was granted a charter that incorporated the city and provided it the sole right to negotiate trade with Native Americans. During the French and Indian War, Albany was designated as the British military headquarters in the Americas. During the Revolutionary War, most Albany residents supported the revolution because of their opposition to British trade restrictions.


Oneida is a city in Madison County located at the geographical center of New York state. Before European settlement of the area, the Oneida Tribe, one of the Six Nations of the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) Confederacy, inhabited a large territory adjacent to nearby Oneida Lake. Around 1533, they built their first village on the south shore of the lake, at or near the mouth of Oneida Creek. At the end of the 17th century, this area began suffering raids by parties from the French colony of Quebec, in a battle to control the fur trade. In 1696, Oneida village was burned by the French. As a result, the Oneidas moved their chief village east of the original site, called Old Oneida, to a new site called Kanawalohale, also known as Oneida Castle, which was fortified by tall palisades and a moat. This is the site of the present-day village of Oneida Castle, a small hamlet west of the city of Oneida in the northwest corner of the town of Vernon. When used in Occom Circle documents, the place name "Oneida" usually refers to the territory inhabited by the Tribe east of Oneida Lake, but can also refer specifically to Oneida Castle. Although the Oneidas sided with the patriots during the Revolutionary War, much of their territory was sold or appropriated by the state of New York. In 1790, the first European settlers moved into the area of Old Oneida village, and the district began to expand. In the 1830s, the state built a feeder from Oneida Creek through the present city site to provide water for the new canal system, which enabled canal boats to ship freight into the town. Eventually, the railroad came through the town and helped with its expansion. This led to the incorporation of the Village of Oneida in 1848 and the establishment of the Town of Oneida in 1896. The town was chartered as the City of Oneida in 1901, and with two more railroad lines transecting the area, it became a thriving manufacturing center for the first half of the 20th century.


Kanawalohale was a village located in the present-day town of Vernon in central New York state. In the 18th century, it was an Oneida village located about 60 miles west of the Mohawk village Canajoharie. Because the village’s name was similar to the Mohawk village of Canajoharie, many sources conflate the two. Founded in the mid-18th century, Kanawalohale was made up of a cluster of about 40 homes along the Oneida Creek, south of Oneida Lake. The name means head on a post in reference to an enemy soldier's skull displayed in the village. In 1765, David Fowler established an Indian school in Kanawalohale, where Wheelock’s son, Ralph, worked. Between the years of 1765 and 1767, Kanawalohale hosted many of Wheelock's missionaries including Samuel Kirkland, Joseph Johnson, David Avery, and Aaron Kinne. The Indians of Kanawalohale used their relationship with missionaries such as Kirkland to gain prestige over the formerly central Oneida village, Old Oneida. Kirkland often wrote in his journal about the dialogues he had with the Indians at Kanawalohale, who refused to receive his teachings silently. The Christian Indian population grew throughout the 1760s with at least 200 Indians attending church in the village. In 1780, Joseph Brant, a Mohawk allied with the British, led a war party against the revolting colonists, with whom the Oneidas had allied, that destroyed the Oneida village of Kanawalohale. This area is known today as Oneida Castle.

Occom, Samson

Samson Occom was a Mohegan leader and ordained Presbyterian minister. Occom began his public career in 1742, when he was chosen as a tribal counselor to Ben Uncas II. The following year, he sought out Eleazar Wheelock, a young Anglo-American minister in Lebanon, CT, in hopes of obtaining some education and becoming a teacher at Mohegan. Wheelock agreed to take on Occom as a student, and though Occom had anticipated staying for a few weeks or months, he remained with Wheelock for four years. Occom’s academic success inspired Wheelock to open Moor’s Indian Charity School in 1754, a project which gave him the financial and political capital to establish Dartmouth College in 1769. After his time with Wheelock, Occom embarked on a 12-year mission to the Montauk of Long Island (1749-1761). He married a Montauk woman, Mary Fowler, and served as both teacher and missionary to the Montauk and nearby Shinnecock, although he was grievously underpaid for his services. Occom conducted two brief missions to the Oneida in 1761 and 1762 before embarking on one of the defining journeys of his career: a fundraising tour of Great Britain that lasted from 1765 to 1768. During this journey, undertaken on behalf of Moor’s Indian Charity School, Occom raised £12,000 (an enormous and unanticpated amount that translates roughly to more than two-million dollars), and won wide acclaim for his preaching and comportment. Upon his return to Mohegan in 1768, Occom discovered that Wheelock had failed to adequately care for his family while he was gone. Additionally, despite the vast sums of money that he had raised, Occom found himself unemployed. Wheelock tried to find Occom a missionary position, but Occom was in poor health and disinclined to leave his family again after seeing the treatment with which they had met while he was in Britain. Occom and Wheelock’s relationship continued to sour as it became apparent to Occom that the money he had labored to raise would be going towards infrastructure at Dartmouth College, Wheelock’s new project, rather than the education of Native Americans. After the dissolution of his relationship with Wheelock, Occom became increasingly focused on the needs of the Mohegan community and increasingly vocal in criticizing Anglo-Americans’ un-Christian treatment of Native Americans. In September of 1772, he delivered his famous “Sermon on the Execution of Moses Paul,” which took Anglo-American spiritual hypocrisy as one of its major themes, and which went into four printings before the end of the year. In 1773, Occom became further disillusioned when the Mason Land Case was decided in favor of the Colony of Connecticut. The details of the Mason Case are complicated, but to summarize: the Colony of Connecticut had gained control of Mohegan land early in the 18th century under very suspect circumstances, and successfully fended off the Mohegan’s 70-year-long legal challenge. The conclusion of the case came as a blow to the Mohegans, and further convinced Occom of Anglo-American corruption. Along with David Fowler (Montauk Tribe), Occom's brother-in-law, and Joseph Johnson (Mohegan), Occom's son-in-law, Occom helped found Brothertown, an Indian tribe formed from the Christian Mohegans, Pequots, Narragansetts, Montauks, Tunxis, and Niantics. They eventually settled in Oneida country in upstate New York. Occom moved there with his family in 1789, spending the remaining years of his life serving as a minster to the Brothertown, Stockbridge, and Mohegan Indians. Harried by corrupt land agents, the Brothertown and Stockbridge groups relocated to the eastern shore of Lake Winnebago, though Occom died in 1792 before he could remove himself and his family there. Occom's writings and legacy have made him one of the best known and most eminent Native Americans of the 18th century and beyond.

Wheelock, Eleazar

Eleazar Wheelock was a New Light Congregationalist minister who founded Dartmouth College. He was born into a very typical Congregationalist family, and began studying at Yale in 1729, where he fell in with the emerging New Light clique. The evangelical network that he built in college propelled him to fame as an itinerant minister during the First Great Awakening and gave him many of the contacts that he later drew on to support his charity school for Native Americans. Wheelock’s time as an itinerant minister indirectly brought about his charity school. When the Colony of Connecticut retroactively punished itinerant preaching in 1743, Wheelock was among those who lost his salary. Thus, in 1743, he began operating a grammar school to support himself. He was joined that December by Samson Occom, a Mohegan Indian, who sought out an education in hopes of becoming a teacher among his people. Occom’s academic success inspired Wheelock to train Native Americans as missionaries. To that end, he opened Moor’s Indian Charity School in 1754 (where he continued to train Anglo-American students who paid their own way as well as students who functionally indentured themselves to Wheelock as missionaries in exchange for an education). Between 1754 and 1769, when he relocated to New Hampshire, Wheelock trained approximately 60 male and female Native American students from nearby Algonquian tribes and from the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) of central New York. At the same time, he navigated the complicated politics of missionary societies by setting up his own board of the Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge, although he continued to feud with the Boston Board of the SSPCK and the London Commissioners in Boston (more colloquially called the New England Company). By the late 1760s, Wheelock had become disillusioned with the idea of Native American education. He was increasingly convinced that educating Native Americans was futile (several of his students had failed to conform to his confusing and contradictory standards), and, in late 1768, he lost his connection to the Haudenosaunee. With his inclination and ability to sponsor Native American missionaries largely depleted, Wheelock sought instead to fulfill his ultimate ambition of obtaining a charter and opening a college, which he did in 1769. To fund this new enterprise, Wheelock drew on the £12,000 that Samson Occom had raised for Moor’s Indian Charity School during a two-and-a-half year tour of Great Britain (1765 to 1768). Much of this money went towards clearing land and erecting buildings in New Hampshire for the Charity School’s relocation — infrastructure that also happened to benefit Dartmouth. Many of Wheelock’s contemporaries were outraged by what they saw as misuse of the money, as it was clear that Dartmouth College was not intended for Indians and that Moor’s had become a side project. Although Wheelock tried to maintain at least some commitment to Native American education by recruiting students from Canadian communities, the move did a great deal of damage to his public image. The last decade of Wheelock’s life was not easy. In addition to the problems of trying to set up a college far away from any Anglo-American urban center, Wheelock experienced the loss of relationships with two of his most famous and successful students, Samson Occom and Samuel Kirkland (an Anglo-American protégé). He also went into debt for Dartmouth College, especially after the fund raised in Britain was exhausted.

Fortt, Simon
Gregg, James

James Gregg was a member of the New York Continental Infantry during the Revolutionary War. He was appointed 2nd Lieutenant on June 28, 1775 and 1st Lieutenant on June 26, 1776. He was a captain when the remarkable incident that Occom records in his journal for June 29, 1786 occurred. According to the military journal of Dr. Thatcher at Fort Stanwix in central New York, on June 25, 1777, Captain Gregg left the Fort with Corporal Madison, both of Colonel Gansevoort's regiment, to shoot pigeons. About a mile and a half from the Fort, they where shot down by two Indians. Though never identified, the attackers could have been from any of the Haudenosaunee tribes allied with the British. Madison was killed and scalped. Gregg was shot, tomahawked in the head and back, and scalped. A dog with them alerted nearby soldiers who brought Gregg and Madison back to the Fort. Gregg survived under the care of Dr. Thatcher, and was taken to a hospital in Albany. Thatcher reports that after a year or so of recovery, Gregg was back on duty. Another muster list records Gregg transferred to the 1st Regiment of New York in 1783. In the 1780s, Gregg and his wife were living in central New York along the Mohawk River in the area east of Brothertown where Occom frequently preached. Occom records dining and lodging with the Greggs on numerous occasions.


Mrs. Gregg was the wife of Captain James Gregg, veteran of the Relutionary War. While serving at Fort Stanwix in 1777, Gregg left the Fort to shoot pigeons and was shot, tomahawked and scalped by unidentified Indians. He recovered, returned to duty, and in the 1780s was living with his wife in central New York near the Mohawk River in the area east of Brothertown where Occom frequently traveled to preach. Occom records staying with the Greggs on numerous occasions. On June 26, 1786, he notes that he stopped at the Greggs to find only Mrs. Gregg at home, who told him that she was the daughter of a man he visited in Blooming Grove many years ago when she was very young, and showed him the book he gave her. There is no more information on Mrs. Gregg or how she and her husband came to know Occom so well, but Mrs. Gregg's memory of Occom and his gift seems to suggests how generous and renowned he was in the region.

Vedder, Albert Jr.
Vedder, Sr. the old gentleman

William Harper was the oldest brother of the Harper family, prominent in the settlement of central New York and the Revolutionary War. His grandfather, James Harper, emigrated from county Derry in Ireland to Maine in 1720, but because of conflicts with the Indians there, moved the family to Boston. His youngest son, John (1705-1785), married Abigail Montgomery of Hopkinton, CT in 1728. They had eight children: William (b. 1729), James (b. 1731), Mary (b. 1733), John (b. 1734), Margaret (b. 1740), Joseph, Alexander and Abigail (b. between 1747 and 1749). John Sr. moved the family from Middletown to Windsor, CT and then to Cherry Valley, NY in 1754, where they purchased land, and began to clear and cultivate. In 1768, John Sr. signed a patent for land between the Delaware and Charlotte Rivers purchased from the local Indians where members of the family moved in 1771, establishing the town of Harpersfield, selling lots to emigrants from New England, and distinguishing themselves. William became a member of the Provincial Congress, a judge in Montgomery and then Otsego Counties, and a member of the State Assembly from Tryon in 1781, 1782, 1784, and from Montgomery from 1785-89. James died of smallpox in 1760. John Jr. attained the rank of Colonel and was appointed commander of the Fifth Regiment of the New York State Tryon County militia during the Revolution, in which his younger brothers, Joseph and Alexander served as Lieutenant and Captain of a company, respectively. Joseph served on the committee of safety of Harpersfield. Alexander kept the first tavern in Harpersfield after the war, the site of town meetings, and served as justice of the peace and treasurer. Abigail married William McFarland, who served as town clerk, and moved, in 1798 with Joseph and Alexander to Ohio where they founded Harpersfield in that state. A history of Harpersfield reveals that during his youth, John Jr. (and possibly William and Alexander) attended Wheelock's School in Lebanon, CT, where he became life-long friends with Joseph Brant, a Mohawk Indian who attended between 1761 and 1763, and became a leader of the Tribe and supporter of the British. This friendship, and the Harper brothers’ knowledge of the Mohawk language and customs, made them valuable leaders and even saved lives; when Harpersfield was destroyed by Indians and British soldiers in 1777, Brant sent John Jr. a secret warning, which allowed the settlers to flee to safety. Occom records visiting "Esquire Harper" in or near Fort Hunter in 1786 and 1787. While this could refer to any of the Harper brothers, it is most likely William, who had the best claim to the title of “Esquire” (whereas John and Alexander would have been titled with their military ranks) and who was the only brother to move to Montgomery county, in which Fort Hunter is located. The Harper family history illustrates how the connections forged at Wheelock's school had wide effects on the course of late eighteenth century political events.

Paul, Anthony

Anthony Paul was born in Charlestown, Rhode Island, to Mary and James Paul. His family was a part of the Narragansett peoples who lived in Charlestown. There is not much information detailing Paul's early years, but he is believed to have attended Wheelock's school in Connecticut. It is through this connection that Paul is likely to have met Christiana Occom, daughter of Samson Occom and Mary Fowler. Paul married Christiana in 1777 and, after spending some time in Mohegan, the two settled in Brotherton in 1784. Paul worked as a preacher and helped raise at least six children with Christiana. Occom was fond of his son-in-law, and his journals tell of many happy times visiting the couple, including fishing trips and the day in 1787 when Samson baptized Paul and four of his children. As further indication of Occom's fondness for his son-in-law, he is believed to have left the books and papers that he kept in his New York home with Paul. In 1797, Paul and Christiana left Brotherton to live in Lake George, NY, where they spent the rest of their years.

Tuhy, John
Fonda, Jellis Douw

Jellis Douw (also spelled Jelles Douwse) Fonda was a prominent merchant and land speculator in the Mohawk Valley. He was the son of Douw Jellese Fonda (1700-1780) and Maritjie Vrooman, part of the extensive Fonda family in the area descended from Jellis and Hester Jans Fonda who immigrated from the Netherlands to Albany in 1651. Before the American Revolution, Douw Jellis (the father) founded the Dutch village of Fonda at the site of the Mohawk hamlet of Caughnawaga along the Mohawk River about 30 miles west of Albany. Jellis Douw, his son, was the most prominent of the early Fondas. He was the first merchant in the Mohawk Valley west of Schenectady and was a close friend and associate of Sir William Johnson, Superintendent of Indian Affairs. Fonda fought in the French and Indian War and the Revolutionary War, and though he was a Captain commanding a company of exempts in that war, he was known thereafter as Major Fonda, perhaps as an expression of respect. He served as a county judge, justice of the peace, county supervisor in Tryon and Montgomery counties, and Commissioner of Indian Affairs after Johnson's death. Fonda was also one of the executors of Johnson's will and designated guardian of his children. He was elected a state senator from 1779-81 and 1788-91, and died in office. In his preaching tours of the Mohawk Valley, Occom records lodging with Major Fonda several times during the period of 1786-89, and using the "ferry" Fonda had over the Mohawk River.

Kimball, Jesse

Jesse Kimball was a member of the extensive Kimball family, whose ancestors immigrated from England at the end of the 17th century and settled in Ipswich, Massachusetts. His father was John Kimball (b. December 12, 1731) of Preston, CT, and his mother was Ruhama Sanders of Lyme, CT; they married on September 21, 1752 and had three sons and 13 daughters. Jesse was the second son. John served in the Revolutionary war and Jesse, though quite young, took the place of his brother Samuel, who contracted measles on the eve of his enlistment. Jesse served three years under Captain Adam Chapley and was stationed in New London, CT. After his service, Jesse moved to the frontier settlement of Bowman's Creek, in the present-day town of Canajoharie in Oneida country, and joined the militia. There he entertained Occom several times on Occom's preaching tours of 1785-87; the two often fished in the creek, to Occom's delight. The date when Kimball's Bowman's Creek house burned down is uncertain, but real estate records have him buying and selling land in Bowman's Creek as late as 1790, and he is listed in the first US Census for New York in 1790 as being the head of a household. His first marriage ended in divorce and in 1793 he married Elizabeth Roelofson (d. 1843). By that time, he had moved to Kentucky, where he was a farmer and miller and started his family. Some records report that he also made whiskey, and when he would not sell it to the local Indians, he was driven from his home and settled in Posey County, Indiana, where he died in 1857.

White, John
Piohits, Joseph

Peter Pauquunnuppeet's wife


Peter Pauquunnuppeet's child

Piohits, Nakolas
Griffin, Hanna
Griffin, Isaac
Folts, Conrad Jacob

Conrad Folts was the son of Jacob Melchert Folts (1710-1808) and Anna Catherine Petrie Folts (1714-1799), who settled in the area around Herkimer, near the Mohawk River in central New York. The Folts were probably part of the large German settlement concentrated around German Flatts. Conrad was a Captain, though the records do not indicate where or whom he served. In the 1780s, when Occom, David Fowler and others from Mohegan and Stockbridge began moving Christian Indians up to the Oneida lands they had been given to settle, Occom met and befriended Folts and his family, who lived close to the settlements of Brothertown and New Stockbridge. On October 21, 1785, Occom recorded the first time he lodged with "one Mr. Folts," a phrase he used to denote this as an initial meeting. By September 11, 1786, however, Occom noted, "put up at my good friends Mr Conrod Fols." He lodged and "tarried" with the family several times during 1787 after visits to and from Brothertown. Folts is buried in the Oakview Cemetery in Frankfort, Herkimer County, NY.

Waucus, James
Simon, Abraham

Abraham Simon was a Narragansett Moor’s student who played a prominent role in Brothertown’s early civic life. Abraham was born in 1750 into the prominent Simon family, a Charlestown Narragansett family that sent five children to Moor’s (James, Emmanuel, Sarah, Abraham, and Daniel). The minister at Groton, Jacob Johnson, recommended Abraham Simon to Wheelock during the Fort Stanwix Congress in 1768 (how Jacob Johnson knew Abraham and why he had brought him to Stanwix is unclear. His ministry was only 30 miles away from Charlestown, so that may have been the connection). Abraham studied at Moor’s from 1768 until 1772, and, with his brother Daniel, was one of the few Indian students to relocate with Wheelock from Connecticut to New Hampshire. In 1772, Abraham made a brief journey on Wheelock’s behalf to the Tuscaroras, who proved uninterested in missionaries or schoolmasters. The next written record of Abraham Simon dates to 1774, when he wrote to Wheelock to inform him that he was going to keep school among the Pequots, which he did for approximately six months. In 1775, he enlisted in the army and served as a medic at Roxbury for at least part of the Revolution. Abraham immigrated to Brothertown in 1783 and was elected to the town’s first council. His house was a center of communal life, and appears many times in Occom’s diary as the location of religious meetings. Abraham died in Brothertown sometime before 1795, when his land was recorded under his widow’s name. Some confusion exists regarding Abraham’s death and burial. In 1925, some Dartmouth students became aware of an Indian named Abraham Symons who had lived in East Haddam, Connecticut, from 1790 until 1812. They assumed that this Abraham Symons was the Narragansett Abraham Simon, and erected a tombstone for him in East Haddam. Had they consulted William DeLoss Love’s account of Brothertown, perhaps they would not have done so. The town of East Haddam remains convinced that Abraham Simon is Abraham Symons, despite the fact that their account of Abraham’s life and connection to East Haddam relies on conflating his life with his brother Daniel Simon’s.

Corricomb, Andrew
Fowler, David

David Fowler was Jacob Fowler's older brother, Samson Occom's brother-in-law, and an important leader of the Brothertown Tribe. He came to Moor's in 1759, at age 24, and studied there until 1765. While at school, he accompanied Occom on a mission to the Six Nations in 1761. He was licensed as a school master in the 1765 mass graduation, and immediately went to the Six Nations to keep school, first at Oneida and then at Kanawalohale. Fowler saw himself as very close to Wheelock, but their relationship fragmented over the course of Fowler's mission, primarily because Wheelock wrote back to Kirkland, with whom Fowler clashed, but not to Fowler, and because Wheelock refused to reimburse Fowler for some expenses on his mission (767667.4 provides the details most clearly). Fowler went on to teach school at Montauk, and played a major role in negotiations with the Oneidas for the lands that became Brothertown. He was among the first wave of immigrants to that town, and held several important posts there until his death in 1807.

Waupieh, Roger

Roger Waupieh was one of the founders of the Brothertown community. In early life, he lived in Stonington and served in the Revolutionary War. The maiden name of Occom's mother, Sarah, was Wauby, suggesting that Occom and Roger Waupieh may have been related. Some sources suggest "Woyboy" as an alternate spelling of Waupieh; Roger Waupieh may have been related to the Woyboy who was an early student at Moor's.

Dean, James

James Dean, an adopted member of the Oneida tribe, was an interpreter and American government agent. When he was nine years old, his parents sent him to live with the Oneidas at Onaquaga; they may have thought that interpreting would be a secure career, or they may have acted out of a missionary impulse. Dean lived at Onaquaga for four or five years and was formally adopted by the Oneidas. He may have lived at Good Peter's house. Dean learned an array of Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) and Indian languages. In 1762, Rev. Forbes retrieved Dean on a mission to Onaquaga under the Society for Propagating Christian Knowledge. After that Society folded, the New England Company educated Dean and employed him as a missionary. Naturally, Wheelock coveted the services of this Anglo-American boy who was fluent in multiple Indian languages. Dean was also interested in working for Wheelock because he wanted a college education, which the New England Company was not going to provide. Thus, Dean became yet another point of contention between Wheelock and the New England Company: the New England Company's Boston Board accused Wheelock of trying to poach their best interpreter, while Wheelock maintained that it was Dean who was pursuing him. Dean finally joined Dartmouth College in November of 1769; as Chase points out, by this time Wheelock's relations with the Boston Board were irreparable and he had nothing to lose by accepting Dean as a student. Dean graduated from Dartmouth in 1773 and served Wheelock for the next two years. He worked primarily with Abenakis in Canada and the Oneidas, and was often paired with Kirkland. In August of 1775, Wheelock gave Dean his blessing to leave the missionary service and work as an interpreter and Indian agent for the Continental Army. Dean interpreted at several important conferences and, along with Kirkland, was instrumental in convincing the Oneidas to side with the colonies during the Revolution. After the war, Dean continued to work as a liaison between Indian tribes and American governments, especially between the Oneidas and the New York Government. Although one might expect Dean to have protected his adoptive tribe's interests, he did not. Dean was heavily involved in land speculation, and did not see a cooperative future between Indians and Anglo-Americans. He helped New York State acquire massive amounts of Oneida land, and amassed substantial territory for himself in the process. While Dean did not help the Oneidas hold on to their land, he did make some efforts to defend Oneida sovereignty from New York intervention. Dean farmed his land and turned it into the settlement of Westmoreland. He was a prominent citizen in Central New York: he served as a judge and assemblyman and played an important role in establishing the region's trade lines. Occom refers to visiting Dean several times in his later diaries.

Fowler, Jacob

Jacob Fowler was a Montauk Indian whose life was dramatically shaped by Samson Occom, his brother-in-law. Occom taught Jacob when he was a child, and in 1762, Jacob followed his older brother David Fowler to Moor's. After three years he was approved as an usher in the 1765 examination, and in 1766 he went to assist Samuel Johnson at Canajoharie. He taught among the Six Nations until at least mid-1767. In early 1770, Occom procured him a job teaching at Mushantuxet through the Boston Board of the Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge. Jacob taught and preached among the Pequots at Mushantuxet and Stonington until 1774, when Wheelock hired him to teach at Moor's, which had relocated to Hanover, NH as a complement to Dartmouth College. During this time, Jacob also assisted Joseph Johnson with efforts to rally the New England Christian tribes for a move to Oneida territory (the Brothertown Movement). By 1776, there were no Indians enrolled in Moor's and Jacob moved on to serve Governor John Trumbull of CT as a messenger to the Six Nations during the Revolution. After the Revolution, he continued organizing the Brothertown Movement and was among those who initially emigrated in 1784. He was elected clerk at Brothertown, and died sometime in the spring of 1787.

Pauquunnuppeet, Peter

Sir Peter Pauquunnuppeet (there are several variant spellings), a son of an Indian deacon by the same name, was a Stockbridge Mohican Indian and student of Eleazar Wheelock, who studied at Moor’s Indian Charity School from 1771 until 1775, and graduated from Dartmouth College in 1780. Together with Daniel Simon, class of 1777, and Lewis Vincent, class of 1781, he was one of the three Indian students to graduate before the turn of the century, and they became the last native graduates until 1835. The “Sir” that precedes Pohquonnoppeet’s forename originated from his status as a senior in school, and remained a part of his name for the rest of his life. After graduating, Pauquunnuppeet returned to Stockbridge, where he taught school and was involved in tribal affairs. Joseph Quanaukaunt (Quinney) became sachem in 1777, and along with Hendrick Aupaumut and John Konkapot, Pauquunnuppeet was a member of the his council. Pauquunnuppeet was also influential in the Brothertown movement and the founding of New Stockbridge six miles from Brothertown, New York. In 1785, when Americans in New York were driving the Oneidas to cede land that bordered Pennsylvania, Pauquunnuppeet represented the Stockbridge Indians in what became the Treaty of Herkimer. Pauquunnuppeet had an influential friendship with Samson Occom. Occom recorded many occasions in his diary during his missionary tours of 1785-1787 when Peter hosted him, and noted a few instances when they traveled together. Often during Occom’s visits to New Stockbridge Captain Hendrick and Pauquunnuppeet would translate his sermons for those who could not understand English. The Stockbridge Indians favored Occom over the white missionary John Sergeant, Jr., and on August 29, 1787 Pauquunnuppeet was one of nine Indians to write to Occom declaring their devotion and inviting Occom to become their minister. However, the tribe had no means by which to pay Occom, and so, in the winter of 1787 Pauquunnuppeet, Occom, and David Fowler embarked on a fundraising journey through New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and New York. They were not, however, able to raise as much money as they had sought to collect. Pauquunnuppeet’s strong presence within the tribe may have led to his death, although the precise date and circumstances of his decease is unknown. Sectionalism within New Stockbridge was growing due to the friction between those who supported Occom and those who preferred Sergeant, Jr. as their minister. The politics of Brothertown as an independent entity contributed to the tension. Finally, when Hendrick Aupaumet rose to the position of chief, Pauquunnuppeet became the leader of a rival faction. It has been suggested that Pauquunnuppeet’s increasing authority provoked his enemies to poison him.

Concoppot, Jacob
Wympy, Elijah

Elijah Wympy was a prominent Farmington Indian who was instrumental in establishing Brothertown, yet he subsequently led a group that disregarded the primary vision of the community. In his early years he was a student at the school in Farmington, CT, and in 1757 he served in the Seven Years’ War. During negotiations around 1773 between the Oneida and New England Indians concerning a tract of land, Wympy acted as a delegate for Farmington and asked other tribes to send envoys too. The Oneidas granted the territory the following year, and in 1775 Wympy was among the first to move to what became Brothertown. He was chosen as a trustee of the town in 1785, but around this time the Oneidas attempted to reclaim the land. Accordingly, Wympy participated in the effort to maintain the territory. Fortunately, when the state of New York gained Oneida territory in 1788, it acknowledged the Christian Indians’ right to the tract as it had originally been granted; the state passed an act in 1789 that recognized the Indians’ property and instituted a 10-year limit on leases for lots. Wympy and his followers, comprised mainly of outsiders, thus leased numerous parcels, including invaluable ones, to white settlers. Occom strongly opposed this and petitioned the Assembly, which passed an act in 1791 restricting the power to lease lands to the council. While Occom and Wympy had previously been friends -- Wympy had even partaken in the movement to establish Occom as the local minister -- their disagreement on the issue of leasing Brothertown lands to whites opened a strong divide between them. Wympy apparently regretted his actions, for in 1794 he was among the signers of an address to the governor seeking to remove the whites. He remained in Brothertown until his death around 1802.

Wympy, Elijah Jr.

Elijah Wympy Jr. was a Farmington-Tunxis Indian involved in the Brothertown movement. He was born in 1765 in Farmington, Connecticut to Elijah and Eunice Wympy. Wympy Sr. was a key figure in the establishment of Brothertown, and Wympy Jr. supported his father. Like the Mohegans, Pequots, Narragansetts, Niantics and Montauketts, the Tunxis Indians shared a history of encroachment by Europeans and increasing governmental authority that produced the shared identity fueling the creation of Brothertown. Occom notes Wympy Jr.'s presence in Brothertown several times in his journals for 1786-87. Wympy Sr. was a controversial figure who initially supported leasing lands to white settlers in Brothertown, but when he changed his position on this policy, he and his son signed a petition identifying white settlers as trespassers. Wympy Jr. married the widowed Elizabeth Peters, who had a daughter from her first marriage. Together, he and Elizabeth had a son and a daughter. In 1796, Wympy Jr. served as the schoolmaster for the school in Brothertown, but he was discharged after three months and replaced by Hannah Fowler, David Fowler's daughter. Wympy Jr. died in Brothertown in 1812.

Fowler, Hannah (née Garrett)

Hannah Fowler (née Garrett) was a Pequot woman who married David Fowler. The Garrett family boasted sachems and interpreters and was influential among the Stonington Pequots. Hannah grew up among the Charlestown Narragansetts, as her parents had affiliated with that tribe (a not-uncommon occurrence, given the close ties between the groups, especially in the realm of Christian spirituality). At Charlestown, Hannah received her basic education and was recruited for Moor’s Indian Charity School. She studied at the school from 1763 until she married David Fowler in 1766. Hannah and David’s marriage is especially noteworthy because it is the only instance where a female Moor’s student married a Native American missionary from Moor’s and joined him on missions — which had been Wheelock’s intent in admitting Native American women in the first place. Hannah assisted David on his mission to Kanawalohale from the time of their marriage in 1766 until his departure for Montauk in 1767. In 1783, the pair moved to Brothertown, where their house was the town center. Both Fowlers proved influential in town affairs, and their children and grandchildren also played a central role in the town’s administration.

Lowe, Nicholas
Stansel, Henry
Pickard Family

A family in Cherry Valley, New York, whose members include, at least, Nicholas, Adolf, Jona and Susanna (spelling uncertain). Occom lodged with members of the Pickard family and preached at Nicholas Pickard's home during his travels in 1786 and 1787. There appear to be no published sources that verify this family. Some amateur genealogy sites suggest that a family by this name had been residing in Cherry Valley before and after the "Cherry Valley Massacre" in 1778, including one Nicholas Pickard who was killed in 1776.

Quinney, Widow
Cornelus, Uncle
Skesuk, Sally
Aupaumut, Hendrick

Hendrick Aupaumut, most likely a descendant of the Mohawk chief Hendrick, was a Mahican Indian who was born in Stockbridge, Massachusetts in 1757. He was educated by the Moravians and became very involved in tribal affairs and relations with the United States. Along with other Stockbridge Indians, Aupaumut fought as part of Captain William Goodrich’s company in the Revolutionary War, rising to captain in 1778. In 1777, when Joseph Quanaukaunt became sachem, Aupaumut became a member of his council along with Peter Pohqunnoppeet and John Konkapot. He also became close friends with Samson Occom and would often host the preacher or translate his sermons when the latter visited New Stockbridge, to where the Stockbridges moved in the mid 1780s. In 1787 he was one of nine Indians to write to Occom declaring their faith and asking Occom to become their minster. He was also one of the Indians to sign the proclamation that Occom, Pohqunnooppeet, and David Fowler carried during their tour to raise funds to support Occom as their pastor. By the 1790s, Aupaumut was acting as an agent for the United States. He helped the government combat Tecumseh and his brother Elskwatawa, and he fought under General Harrison in the War of 1812. Both conflicts interrupted the various land deals between tribes, as well as treaties and other negotiations, in which he was involved. Although he encouraged Indians to convert to Christianity and learn English, Aupaumut opposed leasing land to whites. Occom and Aupaumut agreed that the Stockbridges must move west to escape the influence of outside cultures, and to preserve their Christianity. In the 1820s, Aupaumut led land deals with Wisconsin tribes, and he finally moved west in 1829 along with the remainder of the Stockbridge tribe.

Quinney, Catty
Fowler, Elizabeth

Elizabeth Fowler was the daughter of David Fowler, Occom's brother-in-law, and Hannah Garrett.

Corricomb, Eliza
Frank, Lawrence

Lawrence Frank, also identified in histories of Frankfort as "Lewis," was one of the earliest settlers of the town of Frankfort (originally Frank's Ford), located east of present-day Utica, which was named in his honor. He was the son of Henry Frank (c 1725-1790) and Maria Catharine. Henry immigrated to Pennsylvania from Germany, probably Bavaria, with his brother Christopher in 1740 and was a trader between the Mohawk and Lehigh Valleys in the 1740s and 50s. He settled in German Flatts, an area originally belonging to the Mohawk Nation but populated with German immigrants who bought up the fertile river lands. Lawrence married Mary Myers in 1769 and they helped found the new town of Frankfort on land originally bought from the Mohawks by Dutch settlers. The land was set off as a separate town from German Flatts by an act of the NY Legislature on February 5, 1796. Lawrence Frank owned a large tract of land, and town history reflects that he actively promoted the industrial and agricultural progress of Frankfort, which was severely damaged in the French and Indian and Revolutionary Wars. In fact, Frank and a group of other patriots were taken as prisoners of war during the Revolution and housed in Quebec from August 31 1778 until May 15 1781, when he was released and made his way back home. His popularity is reflected in the fact that the village of Howard's Bush was renamed Frankfort Center and McGowansville was renamed East Frankfort. Later in life, Frank moved with some of his family to a new settlement called Busti in Chautauqua County, NY, which is where he died. On his first journey to the Oneidas in 1761, Occom records paying for lodging at Mr. Franks, a tavern keeper in German Flatts. Although there is no historical record of such a place, Occom returned to this tavern many times on his preaching tours of the area between 1786 and 1790. Frank's Tavern must have been a major establishment because in early July of 1761, Occom notes that William Johnson met him and David Fowler there, and that the next day Johnson met with chiefs of the Oneidas to work out an agreement about an Oneida who killed a Dutchman. In June 1789, Occom records preaching in Esquire Frank's barn to "a vast number of people."

Wright, David
Wright, Sarah
Robbinson, John
Robbinson, Martin
Quash, Cato
Quash, Simon
Marcelus, Ahasuerus
Connoot, John
Hogeboom, John
Guisley, Elias
Fordt Simon

Simon Fordt was a resident of Niskayuna, a town in east central New York State on the Mohawk River just east of the city of Schenectady and the site of a blockhouse built by Governor George Clinton in 1746. Fordt was probably of Dutch descent, as were many of the settlers in this area. He hosted Occom several times in 1786 and 1787 as Occom preached across the area, and should not be confused with a Mr. Fordt (also spelled Ford), who on June 19, 1787, had his slave give Occom breakfast and then took him over the Mohawk River to the house of Simon Fordt. The name Simon Fordt also appears, with only one other name, on the first page of Occom's journal for June 1786. There were many Fords and Fordts in this area of New York. A Roster of State Troops in New York during its colonial history lists 17 Fords, one Forde and eight Fordts, including two Simons: a quarter master who served in Van Schoonhoven's Regiment and a private who served in the same regiment, Vandenburgh's company.

Vendenbergh, Cornelius
Fero, Henry
Fero, David
Lawnson, Jacob
Lawnson, Levinus
Kirkland, Samuel

Samuel Kirkland (b. Kirtland) was Eleazar Wheelock’s most famous Anglo American student. He conducted a 40-year mission to the Oneidas and founded Hamilton College (established in 1793 as Hamilton Oneida Academy). Kirkland won acclaim as a missionary at a young age by conducting an adventurous and risky mission to the Senecas, the westernmost of the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) Six Nations. After his year and a half among them, which was well publicized by Wheelock, he was ordained and sent as a missionary to the Oneidas under the auspices of the Connecticut Board of the Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge. He spent most of the rest of his life serving the Oneidas as a minister. Kirkland’s sincere devotion to serving as a missionary was excellent publicity for Wheelock’s program, but it also brought the two men into conflict. Wheelock became jealous of Kirkland when the school’s British benefactors began urging Wheelock to make Kirkland his heir, and Kirkland, meanwhile, was upset that Wheelock had failed to provide him with sufficient supplies on his mission — a complaint that he was unafraid to publicize (and that almost all of Wheelock’s other students shared). The breaking point came in 1770, when Kirkland split from Wheelock’s Connecticut Board and affiliated with the New England Company, a missionary society that had abruptly turned against Wheelock in 1765. Wheelock and Kirkland briefly made up in 1771, but their relationship quickly dissolved into further acrimony. Although Kirkland spent most of his life as a missionary to the Six Nations, he generally held disparaging views of Native Americans. He did not approve of Wheelock’s plan to educate Indians as missionaries, and was haughty towards the Moor’s alumni that worked with him (notably David Fowler, Joseph Johnson, and Joseph Woolley). Prior to the Revolution, Kirkland had been stringent in his refusals to take Oneida land, even when offered to him. The Revolution seems to have shifted his loyalties from the Oneidas to local Anglo Americans. Kirkland served as a chaplain in the American army and was instrumental in convincing the Oneidas to remain neutral (or, more accurately, to side with the Americans). At one point he was the chaplain with General Sullivan’s army, the force sent to ransack Seneca and Cayuga territory in 1779. It is unclear what emotions this aroused in Kirkland, who had served the Senecas less than 15 years earlier, yet after the war, Kirkland freely engaged in Oneida dispossession. Along with James Dean, another Wheelock alumnus with close ties to the Oneidas, Kirkland played a pivotal role in urging the Oneidas to sell land illegally to the state of New York. The land deals that resulted gave Kirkland the property, financial capital, and connections to establish Hamilton Oneida Academy. The last decades of Kirkland’s life were difficult. He found himself in a three-way battle with Samson Occom and John Sergeant Jr., who were also ministers in Oneida territory, for the hearts and minds of their congregations; he was fired as a missionary in 1797, although he continued to serve sans salary; one of his son’s business enterprises failed, leaving Kirkland nearly destitute; and two of his three sons died unexpectedly. Hamilton Oneida Academy, like Moor’s Indian Charity School, largely failed at its goal of educating Indians, and in 1812, four years after Kirkland’s death, it was re-purposed as Hamilton College, a largely Anglo-American institution. At some point in the mid-to-late 18th century, Kirkland changed his name from Kirtland, although the reasons for this are uncertain.

Vasnderwarker, John
Picket, Stephen
Picket, Stephen Gregory
Lenghson, John
Lenghsen, R
Vedder, Seth
Post, John
Document Summary

People identified in this document:

id Text in document Role in header Authorized Name
pers1539.ocp M r Mr. Simon For d tt mentioned Fortt, Simon
pers1166.ocp M r Mr. Cragues Gregg's mentioned Gregg, James
pers1224.ocp M rs Mrs. mentioned Gregg
pers1235.ocp M r Mr. Vedder mentioned Vedder, Albert Jr.
pers1237.ocp M rs Mrs. Vedder mentioned Vedder
pers1234.ocp Molley Molly mentioned Molley
pers1235.ocp her Sons mentioned Vedder, Albert Jr.
pers1236.ocp old gentleman mentioned Vedder, Sr. the old gentleman
pers1237.ocp old Lady mentioned Vedder
pers1169.ocp Esq r Esq. Harper mentioned
pers1166.ocp Cap t Capt. Crage ues Gregg mentioned Gregg, James
pers1235.ocp M r Mr. Young Vedder mentioned Vedder, Albert Jr.
pers1087.ocp Anthony mentioned Paul, Anthony
pers1132.ocp John Tuhy mentioned Tuhy, John
pers1221.ocp Esq r Esq. M c Maſter McMaster mentioned McMaster
pers1166.ocp Cap t Capt. Crague Gregg mentioned Gregg, James
pers1166.ocp Cap t Capt. mentioned Gregg, James
pers1208.ocp Major Fun- dee mentioned Fonda, Jellis Douw
pers1111.ocp Esq r Esq. Maybee mentioned Mabee
pers1111.ocp Eq r Esq. MayBee mentioned Mabee
pers1110.ocp Esq r Esq. Kem bel mentioned Kimball, Jesse
pers1110.ocp Esq rs Esq.'s mentioned Kimball, Jesse
pers1110.ocp Esq r Esq. Ki b bel mentioned Kimball, Jesse
pers1239.ocp M r Mr. John White mentioned White, John
pers1082.ocp M r Mr. Winter mentioned Winter
pers1631.ocp Joſeph Joseph mentioned Piohits, Joseph
pers1225.ocp M r Nakolas Piohits mentioned Piohits, Nakolas
pers1209.ocp M r Mr. Griffin mentioned Griffin
pers1632.ocp Hanna mentioned Griffin, Hanna
pers0858.ocp M r Miller mentioned Miller
pers1633.ocp Isaac mentioned Griffin, Isaac
pers1209.ocp M r Mr. griffin mentioned Griffin
pers1106.ocp M r Conrod Conrad Fol Folt mentioned Folts, Conrad Jacob
pers1276.ocp M r Mr. Tygert mentioned Tygert
pers1137.ocp James Fowler Waucus mentioned Waucus, James
pers0487.ocp Abraham Simon mentioned Simon, Abraham
pers1137.ocp Jame mentioned Waucus, James
pers1199.ocp Andrew Corricom b mentioned Corricomb, Andrew
pers0155.ocp David Fowler mentioned Fowler, David
pers1139.ocp Roger Wawby mentioned Waupieh, Roger
pers0163.ocp M r Mr. Dean mentioned Dean, James
pers0018.ocp Jacob s Fowler mentioned Fowler, Jacob
pers0155.ocp David mentioned Fowler, David
pers1106.ocp M r Mr. Conrod Conrad Fol Folt mentioned Folts, Conrad Jacob
pers0018.ocp Jacob Fowler mentioned Fowler, Jacob
pers0018.ocp Jacob mentioned Fowler, Jacob
pers1139.ocp Roger Wauby mentioned Waupieh, Roger
pers0431.ocp Sir Peter Pauk quunppeat Pauq uunnuppeet mentioned Pauquunnuppeet, Peter
pers1195.ocp Jacob Cunk cuppot Conc oppot mentioned Concoppot, Jacob
pers0431.ocp Sir Peter mentioned Pauquunnuppeet, Peter
pers1139.ocp Roger Wauby mentioned Waupieh, Roger
pers0155.ocp Brothe Brother David mentioned Fowler, David
pers1347.ocp Elyjah Wimpy Elijah Wympy mentioned Wympy, Elijah Jr.
pers0155.ocp Da vid Fowler mentioned Fowler, David
pers0018.ocp Jacob Fowler mentioned Fowler, Jacob
pers0163.ocp M r Mr. James Dean mentioned Dean, James
pers0742.ocp Hannah Fowler mentioned Fowler, Hannah (née Garrett)
pers0431.ocp Peter Pauhquunnupeat Pauquunnuppeet mentioned Pauquunnuppeet, Peter
pers0487.ocp Abraham Sim ons mentioned Simon, Abraham
pers1347.ocp Elijah Wympy mentioned Wympy, Elijah Jr.
pers1106.ocp M r Mr. Conrod Conrad Fols Folt mentioned Folts, Conrad Jacob
pers1220.ocp M r Mr. Nicholas Lowe mentioned Lowe, Nicholas
pers1082.ocp M r Mr. Winters mentioned Winter
pers1209.ocp m r Mr. grif fin mentioned Griffin
pers1178.ocp M r Mr. Stanſel Stansel mentioned Stansel, Henry
pers1203.ocp M r Mr. Dick mentioned Dick
pers1151.ocp M r Mr. Crippin mentioned Crippen
pers1176.ocp M r Mr. mentioned Pickard Family
pers1176.ocp Nicholas Pickard mentioned Pickard Family
pers1176.ocp M r Mr. Pickard mentioned Pickard Family
pers1642.ocp Deacon Child mentioned Child
pers1151.ocp M r Mr. Crippe ns mentioned Crippen
pers1176.ocp M r Mr. Nicholas Pickard mentioned Pickard Family
pers1176.ocp the old gentleman mentioned Pickard Family
pers1176.ocp his wife mentioned Pickard Family
pers1106.ocp M r Mr. Fol Folt mentioned Folts, Conrad Jacob
pers0721.ocp E Elijah Wimpy Wympy mentioned Wympy, Elijah
pers1229.ocp widow Quinny mentioned Quinney, Widow
pers1195.ocp Jacob Concoppot mentioned Concoppot, Jacob
pers0431.ocp Sir Peter mentioned Pauquunnuppeet, Peter
pers0431.ocp Sir Peter Pokquunnuppeet Pauquunnuppeet mentioned Pauquunnuppeet, Peter
pers0155.ocp David Fowler mentioned Fowler, David
pers1198.ocp un cle Cornelus mentioned Cornelus, Uncle
pers0431.ocp Sir Peter Pokqun– Pauquunnuppeet mentioned Pauquunnuppeet, Peter
pers1233.ocp Sally Skeſuck Skesuck mentioned Skesuk, Sally
pers1229.ocp Widow Quinnee mentioned Quinney, Widow
pers1233.ocp Sally mentioned Skesuk, Sally
pers1750.ocp wife mentioned Pauquunnuppeet
pers1751.ocp Child mentioned Pauquunnuppeet
pers1139.ocp Brother Ro ger Wauby mentioned Waupieh, Roger
pers0257.ocp Cap t Capt. Hind Hendrick mentioned Aupaumut, Hendrick
pers0257.ocp Cap t Capt. Hindrick Hendrick mentioned Aupaumut, Hendrick
pers1139.ocp Roger Wauby mentioned Waupieh, Roger
pers0155.ocp Brother David mentioned Fowler, David
pers0431.ocp Sir Peter Puhquennappeet Pauquunnuppeet mentioned Pauquunnuppeet, Peter
pers1228.ocp Catty Quinney mentioned Quinney, Catty
pers1162.ocp Betſy Betsy Fowler mentioned Fowler, Elizabeth
pers1200.ocp Elizy Corricomb mentioned Corricomb, Eliza
pers1106.ocp M r Mr. Fols mentioned Folts, Conrad Jacob
pers0843.ocp Esq r Esq. Frank mentioned Frank, Lawrence
pers1151.ocp Brother Crippin mentioned Crippen
pers1162.ocp Betſey Betsey Fow– Fowler mentioned Fowler, Elizabeth
pers1200.ocp Eliza Corricomb mentioned Corricomb, Eliza
pers1151.ocp m r Mr. Crippin mentioned Crippen
pers1176.ocp m r Mr. Pick ard mentioned Pickard Family
pers1176.ocp Brother Nicholas Pickard mentioned Pickard Family
pers1132.ocp Brother Tuhy mentioned Tuhy, John
pers0431.ocp Peter mentioned Pauquunnuppeet, Peter
pers1176.ocp Siſter Sister Pickard mentioned Pickard Family
pers1555.ocp M r Mr. Way mentioned Way
pers1110.ocp Esq r Esq. Kimbel mentioned Kimball, Jesse
pers1132.ocp John mentioned Tuhy, John
pers1208.ocp Major Fundee mentioned Fonda, Jellis Douw
pers0431.ocp Peter Pokquonnoppeet Pauquunnuppeet mentioned Pauquunnuppeet, Peter
pers1166.ocp Cap t Capt. Grig Gregg mentioned Gregg, James
pers1235.ocp M r Mr. Albert Vedder mentioned Vedder, Albert Jr.
pers1147.ocp M r Mr. Bartlet mentioned Bartlet
pers1214.ocp M r Mr. Keene mentioned Keene
pers1240.ocp M r Mr. David Wright mentioned Wright, David
pers1241.ocp Sarah mentioned Wright, Sarah
pers1230.ocp M r Mr. John Robbin ſon Robbin son mentioned Robbinson, John
pers1231.ocp Martin mentioned Robbinson, Martin
pers1226.ocp Cato Quaſh Quash mentioned Quash, Cato
pers1227.ocp Simon mentioned Quash, Simon
pers0182.ocp M r Mr. Eliot mentioned Elliot
pers1222.ocp M r Mr. Ha Ahaſuerus Ahasuerus Mercelus mentioned Marcelus, Ahasuerus
pers1196.ocp M r Mr. John Connoot mentioned Connoot, John
pers1212.ocp M r Mr. John H o eg e boom mentioned Hogeboom, John
pers1196.ocp M r Mr. John Cannoot mentioned Connoot, John
pers1542.ocp m r Mr. Elias Guiſley Guisley mentioned Guisley, Elias
pers0922.ocp M r Mr. John Poſt Post mentioned Post, John
pers1207.ocp M r Mr. Fordt mentioned Fordt Simon
pers1232.ocp M r Mr. Sanford mentioned Sanford
pers1238.ocp M r Mr. Cornelius Vendenberg h mentioned Vendenbergh, Cornelius
pers1205.ocp M r Mr. David Fero mentioned Fero, David
pers1208.ocp Major Fondee mentioned Fonda, Jellis Douw
pers1205.ocp M r Mr. Fero mentioned Fero, David
pers1206.ocp M r Mr. Henry Fero mentioned Fero, Henry
pers1215.ocp M r Mr. Jacob Lawnſon Lawnson mentioned Lawnson, Jacob
pers1215.ocp M r Mr. Lawnſon Lawnson mentioned Lawnson, Jacob
pers1216.ocp M r Mr. Levinus Lawnſon Lawnson mentioned Lawnson, Levinus
pers1216.ocp M r Mr. Levinus Le e ghſon Le e ghson mentioned Lawnson, Levinus
pers1192.ocp M r Mr. Blackney mentioned Blackney
pers0431.ocp Brother Peter Pohquonuppeet Pauquunnuppeet mentioned Pauquunnuppeet, Peter
pers0315.ocp M r Mr. Kirkland mentioned mentioned Kirkland, Samuel
pers1219.ocp M r Mr. M c Do l na l McDonal mentioned McDonal
pers1636.ocp M r Mr. Leighſen Leighsen mentioned Leighson
pers1208.ocp M r Mr. Fundee mentioned Fonda, Jellis Douw
pers1636.ocp M r Mr. Le e ghſen Le e ghsen mentioned Leighson
pers1152.ocp M r Mr. Clute mentioned Clute
pers1153.ocp M r Mr. Comſtock Comstock mentioned Compstock
pers1182.ocp M r Mr. John Ven V kan R. Vender war ken mentioned Vasnderwarker, John
pers1223.ocp Cap t Capt. Morgan mentioned Morgan
pers1182.ocp M r Mr. John R. Venderwarken mentioned Vasnderwarker, John
pers1637.ocp M r Mr. Stephen Picket mentioned Picket, Stephen
pers1638.ocp Stephen Gregory mentioned Picket, Stephen Gregory
pers1182.ocp M r Mr. Venderwarken mentioned Vasnderwarker, John
pers1208.ocp m r Mrs. Fundee mentioned Fonda, Jellis Douw
pers1208.ocp M r Mr. Funde mentioned Fonda, Jellis Douw
pers1639.ocp m r Mr. Le n ghſen Le n ghsen mentioned Lenghsen
pers1217.ocp M r Mr. John Lenghſen Lenghsen mentioned Lenghson, John
pers1218.ocp M r Mr. R. Le n ghſen Le n ghsen mentioned Lenghsen, R
pers1217.ocp M r Mr. John Lenghſen Lenghsen mentioned Lenghson, John
pers0940.ocp Esq r Esq. Woodworth mentioned Woodworth
pers1240.ocp M r Mr. David Write mentioned Wright, David
pers1230.ocp John Robbinſon Robbinson mentioned Robbinson, John
pers1231.ocp Mertin mentioned Robbinson, Martin
pers1640.ocp Seth Vedder mentioned Vedder, Seth

Places identified in this document:

id Text in document Authorized Name
place0469.ocp the River Mohawk River
place0469.ocp the River Mohawk River
place0332.ocp Blooming grove Blooming Grove
place0496.ocp Hunt ter Hunter
place0078.ocp fort Huntter Hunter Fort Hunter
place0081.ocp Fort Standwix Stanwix Fort Stanwix
place0476.ocp B mans Bow mans Creek Bowman's Creek
place0219.ocp Springfield Springfield
place0084.ocp Garmanflats German Flats German Flatts
place0165.ocp Town of Stockbridgers Stockbridge
place0084.ocp Flats Flatts German Flatts
place0500.ocp Oriſco Orisco Oriskany Creak creek Oriskany Creek
place0165.ocp Stockbridgers Stockbridge
place0023.ocp Brotherton Brothertown Brothertown
place0482.ocp New Town New Town
place0165.ocp New Stockbridge Stockbridge
place0143.ocp Mohegan Mohegan
place0144.ocp Montauk Montauk
place0150.ocp Naroganſet Narraganssett Narragansett
place0074.ocp Farmington Farmington
place0165.ocp Stockbridge Stockbridge
place0167.ocp Niega ra Niagara Niagara
place0497.ocp Johns Town Johns Town
place0084.ocp garman German Flats Flatts German Flatts
place0308.ocp New York New York City
place0499.ocp old Town Old Town
place0165.ocp Stockbridg Stockbridge er s Stockbridge
place0482.ocp New-Town New Town
place0499.ocp old T Town Old Town
place0023.ocp our Town Brothertown
place0025.ocp Ca n aſerake aserake Canaseraga Canaseraga
place0499.ocp old Town Old Town
place0219.ocp Spring Field Springfield
place0219.ocp Spring- Field Springfield
place0037.ocp Cherry-Vally Cherry Valley Cherry Valley
place0476.ocp Bowmans Creek Bowman's Creek
place0202.ocp Schenactada Schenactady Schenectady
place0481.ocp Neſquney Niskayuna Niskayuna
place0493.ocp Be u ght Debought Boght
place0001.ocp Albany Albany
place0179.ocp Oneida Oneida
place0493.ocp Debought Boght
place0494.ocp half Moon Halfmoon
place0179.ocp Onoida Oneida Oneida
place0494.ocp half moon Halfmoon
place0114.ocp Canaharoha re Kanawalohale Kanawalohale

Organizations identified in this document:

id Text in document Authorized Name
org0121.ocp StocbridgersStockbridgers Stockbridge Tribe
org0121.ocp Stocbred gersStockbridgers Stockbridge Tribe
org0121.ocp Stockbridgers Stockbridge Tribe
org0075.ocp OnoydaOneida Oneida Nation
org0121.ocp Stock bridgers Stockbridge Tribe
org0075.ocp oniedaOneidas Oneida Nation
org0121.ocp Stockbridge Stockbridge Tribe

Dates identified in this document:

Standard Form Text
1786-06-26 Monday June 26
1786-06-27 TueſdayTuesday June 27
1786-06-28 WedneſdayWednesday June 28
1786-06-29 ThirdsdayThursday June 29
1786-06-30 FrydayFriday June 30
1786-07-01 Saturday July 1
1786-07-02 SabbSabbath July 2
1786-07-03 Monday July 3
1786-07-04 TueſdayTuesday July 4
1786-07-06 ThirdsdayThursday July 6
1786-07-07 FrydayFriday July 7
1786-07-08 Saturday July 8
1786-07-07 SabbSabbath July 9
1786-07-10 Monday July 10
1786-07-14 FrydayFriday July 14
1786-07-16 Sabb July 16
1786-07-23 SabbSabbath July 23
1786-07-30 SabbSabbath July the 30
1786-07-31 Monday July 31
1786-08-02 WedneſdayWednesday AugſtAugust 2
1786-08-06 SabbSabbath AugtAugust 6
1786-08-08 TueſdayTuesday, AugtAugust 8
1786-08-12 Saturday AugtAugust 12
1786-08-13 SabbSabbath AugtAugust 13
1786-08-14 Monday AugtAugust 14
1786-08-16 WedneſdayWednesday AugtAugust 16
1786-08-20 SabbSabbath AugtAugust 20
1786-08-03 WedneſdayWednesday AugtAugust 23
1786-08-27 SabbSabbath AugtAugust 27
1786-08-30 WedneſdayWednesday AugtAugust 30
1786-08-31 ThirdsdayThursday AugtAugust 31
1786-09-01 FrydayFriday SeprSeptember 1
1786-09-02 Saturday SeprSeptember 2
1786-09-03 Sabb:Sabbath SeprSeptember 3
1786-09-06 WedneſdayWednesday SeprSeptember 6
1786-09-10 SabbSabbath SeprSeptember 10
1786-09-11 Monday SeprSeptember 11
1786-09-12 TueſdayTuesday SeprSeptember 12
1786-09-13 WedneſdayWednesday SeprSeptember 13
1786-09-14 ThirdsdayThursday SeprSeptember 14
1786-09-15 FrydFriday
1786-09-16 Saturday SeprSeptember 16
1786-09-17 SabbSabbath SeprSeptember 1617
1786-09-18 Monday SeprSeptember 18
1786-09-19 TuſdayTuesday SeprSeptember 19
1786-09-20 WedneſdayWednesday SeprSeptember 20
1786-09-25 SabbSabbath Sepr 24
1786-09-25 Monday SeprSeptember 25
1786-09-26 TueſdayTuesday SeprSeptember 26
1786-09-28 FrydayFriday SeprSeptember 28
1786-10-01 SabathSabbath, OctorOctober 1
1786-10-04 WedneſdayWednesday OctrOctober 4
1786-10-06 SaturdSaturday morning SeprSeptember 6
1786-10-07 SabbSabbath OctorOctober 7
1786-10-11 WedneſdayWednesday OctrOctober 11
1786-10-15 SabbSabbath OctrOctober 15
1786-10-16 Monday OctorOctober 16
1786-10-17 TueſdayTuesday OctorOctober 17
1786-10-18 WedneſdayWednesday OctorOctober 18
1786-10-19 ThirdsdayThursday OctrOctober 19
1786-10-20 FrydayFriday OctrOctober 20
1786-10-21 Saturday OctrOctober 21
1786-10-22 SabbSabbath OctrOctober 22
1786-10-23 Monday OctrOctober 23
1786-10-24 TueſdayTuesday OctrOctober 24
1786-10-25 WedneſdayWednesday OctrOctober 25
1786-10-28 Saturday OctrOctober 28
1786-10-29 Sabb. Octor 29
1786-11-01 WedneſdayWednesday NovrNovember 1
1786-11-04 Saturday NovrNovember 4
1786-11-05 Sabb.Sabbath NovrNovember 5
1786-11-06 Monday NorNovember 6
1786-11-04 TueſdayTuesday NovrNovember 4
1786-11-08 WedneſdayWednesday NovrNovember 8
1786-11-09 ThirdsdayThursday, NovrNovembers 9
1786-11-10 FrydayFriday NovrNovember 10
1786-11-11 Saturday NovrNovember 11
1786-11-12 SabbSabbath NovrNovember 12
1786-11-18 Monday NovrNovember 13
1786-11-14 TueſdayTuesday NovrNovember 14
1786-11-15 WedneſdayWednesday NovrNovember 15
1786-11-16 ThirdsdayThursday NovrNovember 16
1786-11-18 FrydayFriday Novr November 17
1786-11-18 Saturday 18
1786-11-10 SabbSabbath NovrNovember 19
1786-11-20 Monday NovrNovember 20
1786-11-21 TueſdayTuesday NovrNovember 21
1786-11-12 WedneſdayWednesday NovrNovember 22
1786-11-23 ThirdsdayThursday NovrNovember 23
1786-11-26 SabbSabbath NovrNovember 26
1786-11-27 Monday NovrNovember 27
1786-11-28 TuſdayTuesday NovrNovember 28
1786-11-29 WedneſdayWednesday NovrNovember 29
1786-11-30 ThirdſdayThursday NovrNovember 30
1786-12-01 FrydayFriday DecrDecember 1
1786-12-02 Saturday NovrNovember 2
1786-12-03 SabbSabbath NovrDecrDecember 3
1786-12-04 Monday DecrDecember 4
1786-12-05 TueſdayTuesday Novr 6DecrDecember 5
1786-12-06 WedneſdayWednesday DecrDecemberNovr 6
1786-12-07 ThirdsdayThursday DecrDecemberNovr 7
1786-12-08 FrydayFriday DecrDecember 8
1786-12-09 Saturday DecrDecember 9
1786-12-10 SabathSabbath DecrDecember 10

Regularized text:

Type Original Regularized
modernization Mr Mr.
variation 'rid ride
variation Cragues Gregg's
modernization Mrs Mrs.
modernization whoſe whose
modernization Houſe house
variation Showd showed
variation prety pretty
modernization handſome handsome
variation talkd talked
modernization Senſible sensible
variation Sot sat
variation Molley Molly
modernization Juſt Just
variation entertaind entertained
variation agrea
modernization Tueſday Tuesday
variation a bout about
variation till 'til
variation Slatchd slacked
modernization Esqr Esq.
variation Huntter Hunter
modernization Wedneſday Wednesday
modernization Breakfaſt breakfast
variation rid ride
variation calld called
modernization Capt Capt.
variation Crage[above] uesues Gregg
variation past passed
variation Stopt stopped
variation diſcoverd discovered
variation Connoo canoe
variation paſt passed
modernization Courſe course
modernization Juſt just
variation Calld called
variation en
modernization McMaſter McMaster
modernization deſired desired
variation acepted accepted
variation Thirdsday Thursday
variation Lowerry lowery
variation Sot set
variation inform[above] dd informed
variation turn[above] dd turned
variation Crague Gregg
variation Dind dined
variation agreable agreeable
variation killd killed
variation Standwix Stanwix
variation Shott shot
variation through
variation Tomy Hawkd tomahawked
variation a live alive
variation likly likely
variation lodgd lodged
variation Fryday Friday
modernization Eqr Esq.
variation of off
variation receivd received
modernization Esqrs Esq.'s
variation tho though
variation Sulferous sulphurous
modernization Cloſe close
variation beg big
variation Barel's barrel's
modernization taſte taste
modernization Brimſtone brimstone
variation Cold coal
variation Burnt burned
variation Smelt smelled
variation returnd returned
variation Lodgd lodged
modernization juſt just
variation diſparſd dispersed
variation woud would
variation Experamental experimental
modernization Exerciſe exercise
modernization amongſt amongst
modernization Baptiſed baptised
modernization Joſeph Joseph
modernization Mr
variation Garmanflats German Flats
variation Conrod Conrad
variation Fol Folt
variation Sun Si[illegible]t sunset
modernization reſt rest
variation thro through
variation reachd reached
modernization Horſes horses
variation obligd obliged
variation Coud could
variation after noon afternoon
variation a way away
modernization proviſions provisions
variation Stocbridgers Stockbridgers
modernization almoſt almost
variation Preachd Preached
modernization Jeſus Jesus
modernization &c etc.
variation Stocbred
variation Aſembly assembly
variation puſht pushed
variation Some what somewhat
variation woried wearied
variation preachd preached
variation Onoyda Oneida
variation dreſt dressed
variation Compleat complete
variation Shind shined
modernization Claſps clasps
modernization ſe se
modernization Breaſt breast
variation powderd powdered
modernization Heatheniſm heathenism
modernization Hoſea Hosea
variation dis
variation Flats Flatts
variation hom home
variation Sun down sundown
variation fore Noon forenoon
variation after Noon afternoon
modernization Fiſhing fishing
modernization Oriſco [Orisco | Oriskany]OriscoOriskany
variation Orisco Oriskany
variation Creak creek
variation Catchd catched
variation removd removed
variation Pauk
variation Cunk
variation Luk Luke
variation August
variation Brotherton Brothertown
modernization Break
variation abot about
modernization Inſtruction instruction
modernization Diſcourſe discourse
modernization ſ s
variation Prayd prayed
variation orderd ordered
variation Elyjah Wimpy Elijah Wympy
modernization firſt first
modernization mani
modernization thankfulneſs thankfulness
modernization Bleſs bless
modernization Wiſe wise
variation what white
modernization reſted rested
modernization in
variation Prover Proverbs
modernization Exerciſed exercised
variation Awd awed
modernization purpoſe purpose
modernization Engliſh English
modernization alſo also
modernization Choſe chose
variation Caried carried
variation a coun[above] tt account
modernization Sickneſs sickness
modernization Preſence presence
variation flowd flowed
variation Ginſhang ginseng
variation travild traveled
variation incamp[above] dd encamped
modernization Siſter Sister
variation Hedious hideous
modernization Wilderneſs wilderness
variation markd marked
variation Trac track
variation arrivd arrived
modernization kindneſs kindness
variation Sund down sundown
variation runing running
variation pufing puffing
variation a fome afoam
variation Ra
variation Racoon raccoon
variation Pauhquunnupeat Pauquunnuppeet
variation Som Some
modernization exer
variation a
variation broak broke
modernization viſited visited
modernization yeſterday yesterday
modernization laſt last
modernization worſhip worship
modernization wilderneſs wilderness
modernization preſent present
modernization Senſe sense
variation Auful awful
variation Atention attention
variation Asem
variation new Comers newcomers
modernization Laſt last
modernization Naroganſet Narraganssett
modernization rehearſed rehearsed
modernization verſes verses
modernization Choſen chosen
variation Niega[above] rara Niagara
variation garman German
variation Fols Folt
variation Some somewhat
variation waried wearied
variation miſt missed
modernization weſt west
variation Sowerry lowery
variation thankd thanked
variation Stayd stayed
variation Stayd stay
modernization ouſe ouse
modernization mr Mr.
modernization Stanſel Stansel
variation a
variation aſhamd ashamed
modernization maſter master
variation oppoſd opposed
modernization moſt most
modernization Converſation conversation
modernization Reſted rested
modernization Chriſtian Christian
variation Experi
variation acording according
modernization goſpel gospel
variation Ire[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): i]iſh Irish
modernization Chriſtians Christians
variation Coverd covered
modernization verſe verse
variation receve recieve
variation paſages passages
variation recievd received
variation evenig evening
modernization Solemn
variation Tuſday Tuesday
variation Wimpy Wympy
variation there their
variation bigeſt biggest
modernization preſence presence
variation prayd prayed
modernization Praiſed praised
variation mid Day midday
variation lookd looked
variation Stockbridg Stockbridge
variation Spok spoke
variation Sabath Sabbath
variation Awfull awful
variation aſembly assembly
modernization Compaſsion compassion
variation reharſd rehearsed
variation reharſal rehearsal
variation Pokquunnuppeet Pauquunnuppeet
modernization Confeſsion confession
variation Askd asked
modernization forgiveneſs forgiveness
modernization a
modernization Paſ
variation auful awful
modernization senſe Sense
modernization Miſerable miserable
modernization goodneſs goodness
variation meet
modernization reaſon reason
variation Traviling traveling
modernization greatneſs greatness
variation onieda Oneida
variation Chuſe choose
variation Councell council
modernization elſewhere elsewhere
variation Vermine vermin
variation our Selves ourselves
modernization tranſacti
variation a gain again
variation refuſd refused
variation diſmiſt dismissed
variation reſumd resumed
variation finiſhd finished
variation reharſe rehearse
variation deliverd delivered
modernization re
variation alround all 'round
modernization Conſideration consideration
variation wer were
variation recived received
modernization oldeſt oldest
modernization Buſineſs business
variation home ward homeward
variation Stopd stopped
variation Buriing burying
modernization Skeſuck Skesuck
variation Maloncholy melancholy
variation Crouded crowded
modernization againſt against
modernization Miſery misery
variation tryd tried
variation Sabbath
modernization uſual usual
variation aſemb[illegible]yle assembly
variation mentiond mentioned
modernization Manifeſted manifested
modernization Exer
variation awake[above] nnd awakened
variation Confeſt confessed
variation evel evil
variation Baptizd baptized
variation any thing anything
modernization Caſe case
modernization preſs press
modernization paſt past
modernization Duſk dusk
variation Concluſe
variation October
variation Ca[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): n]n[aſerake | aserake]aſerakeaserake Canaseraga
modernization aſerake aserake
variation Sotpt stopped
modernization paſs pass
modernization Conſented consented
variation reharſeing rehearsing
variation diliverd delivered
variation aſkd asked
variation Shoud should
variation formd formed
variation inter enter
modernization Fellowſhip fellowship
modernization themſelves themselves
variation Cary carry
modernization Worſhip worship
variation Explination explanation
modernization Conſtantly constantly
variation Concernd concerned
modernization Viſit visit
modernization Conſiderable considerable
modernization Noiſe noise
variation dropt dropped
variation Confeſt Confessed
variation deter
modernization Jouſhua Joshua
variation acom
variation Bowd bowed
variation Eving evening
modernization re
modernization Seaſon season
variation Hindrick Hendrick
modernization Baptiſm baptism
variation eving evening
variation geting getting
variation homward homeward
variation Viſted visited
modernization buſy busy
variation Puhquennappeet Pauquunnuppeet
modernization Betſy Betsy
variation Hutt hut
variation ta
variation Sun riſe sunrise
modernization breakfaſt breakfast
variation Exerciſd exercised
variation movd moved
variation Strengthen’d strengthened
modernization Betſey Betsey
modernization faſt fast
variation Cherry-Vally Cherry Valley
variation Novr November
variation Break breakfast
variation Pokquonnoppeet Pauquunnuppeet
variation Grig Gregg
modernization Conſide
variation ordernance ordinance
modernization Robbin
modernization Quaſh Quash
modernization Exer
modernization Ahaſuerus Ahasuerus
variation Sot Set
modernization Conſidera-
variation Schenactada Schenactady
variation Call’d called
modernization Guiſley Guisley
modernization Poſt Post
variation Cloah cloth
modernization Deſired desired
variation extream extreme
variation Neſquney Niskayuna
variation Hebrew Hebrews
modernization Eaſtward eastward
variation Be[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): u]u[illegible]ght Debought
modernization Lawnſon Lawnson
variation exceead
I ingly
variation Thirdſday Thursday
variation numbr number
variation Diniel Daniel
modernization Le[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): e]eghſon Le[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): e]eghson
modernization Caſt cast
variation Pohquonuppeet Pauquunnuppeet
modernization McDolna[above] ll McDonal
modernization Mi[ſ | s]ſsniſter minister
variation Preſſbeterian Presbyterian
variation opportunety opportunity
modernization preſently presently
variation appeard appeared
modernization helpleſs helpless
modernization Leighſen Leighsen
modernization Le[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): e]eghſen Le[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): e]eghsen
modernization Colol Col.
variation Super supper
variation Marke Mark
variation bowd bowed
variation afect
modernization Comſtock Comstock
modernization Engliſhman Englishman
variation Day Time daytime
variation rememberd remembered
variation uper upper
variation elogant elegant
modernization exerciſe exercise
variation a while awhile
modernization aſk ask
modernization Queſtions questions
modernization univerſal universal
variation Snowd snowed
modernization Con
variation Pleaſd pleased
variation ex
variation gra
variation Slay sleigh
modernization mr Mrs.
modernization Le[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): n]nghſen Le[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): n]nghsen
variation a long along
modernization Tenderneſs tenderness
modernization Friend­
modernization Sea­
modernization Houſekeeper housekeeper
variation down Stares downstairs
variation helpd helped
modernization perſon person
variation Day light daylight
modernization Horſe horse
variation lilte little
variation Sun
variation Onoida Oneida
variation Familys families
variation Chifely chiefly
variation amongt amongst
modernization eſpeci
variation preahd preached
variation where ever wherever
modernization inſtruction instruction
modernization forwardeſt forwardest
variation opperations operations
modernization Care
modernization thoſe those
variation afew a few
variation Canaharoha[above] rere Kanawalohale
modernization Robbinſon Robbinson

Expanded abbreviations:

Abbreviation Expansion
Call'd called
Yrs years
Dinr dinner
& and
rain'd rained
R river
Southw southward
alit a little
Scalp'd scalped
N. noon
B, brimstone
Sabb Sabbath
Numb number
m' meeting
Ecleſi Ecclesiastes
Cron Corinthians
Rom Romans
Matt Matthew
Augſt August
[above] AugtAugt August
Preach'd Preached
Dozn dozen
Jerem Jeremiah
eatg eating
Sal[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): va]va salvation
Stay'd stayed
whi while
'em them
Gene. Genesis
Fa family
Sepr September
Sabb: Sabbath
Sing[above] rsrs singers
Nt night
Virn vermin
ask'd asked
wou[above] dd would
Fryd Friday
Psa Psalm
meetg meeting
k–ndneſs kindness
E Elijah
num number
Corin Corinthians
Preach[above] dd preached
Gala Galatians
Octor October
Ezek Ezekiel
Octr October
Prover Proverbs
Saturd Saturday
Chapr chapter
I Isaiah
Gene Genisis
Teſtamt Testament
Cou'd could
B Brother
T Town
Pokqun– Pauquunnuppeet
Corn. Corinthians
P. people
Corin. Corinthians
afn affection
Novr November
Peop people
Hind Hendrick
diſcover’d discovered
Sabb. Sabbath
P people
mg meeting
No[illegible]r November
Novr Novembers
thro’ through
rain’d rained
refreſh’d refreshed
Fow– Fowler
Call[above] dd called
rece[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): v’]v’d received
Novr November
entertain’d entertained
Poep people
call’d called
Epes Epistles
Rom. Romans
Decr December
tho’ though
Dr dinner
Heb Hebrews
Call’d called
lodg’d lodged
Ld Lord

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Number of nested "hi" tags: (consider merging the @rend attributes, or using other tags) 0
Number of tags with invalid 'rend' attributes: 0 (out of 220)
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Number of "add" tags with unknown 'place' attributes: 0 (out of 103)
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HomeSamson Occom, Journal, 1786 June 26
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