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Samson Occom, journal, 1785 December 15 to 1786 January 22

ms-number: 785665

[note (type: abstract): Occom details his travels throughout Connecticut, New York, Vermont, and Massachusetts as he preaches among Native, Dutch, and African-American communities.][note (type: handwriting): Handwriting is largely clear and legible. The journal is minimally overwritten by an editor, likely 19th-century; these edits have not been transcribed. There are some uncrossed t's and crossed uprights that the transcriber has corrected.][note (type: paper): Several small sheets folded together and sewn into a booklet are in good condition, with light-to-moderate staining and wear. There is some repair work done on particularly worn edges.][note (type: ink): Dark brown.][note (type: noteworthy): This journal picks up where manuscript 785655 leaves off. On four recto, it is uncertain to which lake Occom refers; however, it is possbily Saratoga Lake. On four verso, the identity of the "Honorable Congress" is uncertain, although it is possibly the New York State legislature[org0134.ocp]. On 11 recto, the identity of the Captain's son is uncertain, and so he has been left untagged. On 14 recto, Occom uses the modern spelling of the word “boss,” which may predate OED's earliest citation by 25 years. On 24 verso, the name “John Shuneman” is written in a hand other than Occom's. When the spelling of a name or place name is illegible, the entity has been left untagged.]
I went home with [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Seeley[pers1440.ocp]
and in the evening a n[illegible]um
ber of People Came in to
[Exerciſe | exercise]Exerciſeexercise with my notes
and it was very [[agreable | agreeable]agreableagreeable | agreeable][agreable | agreeable]agreableagreeableagreeable
Meeting, Lodged here, —

[Thirdsday | Thursday]ThirdsdayThursday [Decr | December]DecrDecember 15[1785-12-15]:

10: O: c [Sot | set]Sotset [of | off]ofoff for [a nother | another]a notheranother meet
ing [a bout | about]a boutabout 2 miles to [[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. | Mr.][Mr | Mr.]MrMr.Mr.
and there was a
Small number of People
and I Spoke to them from
[gap: omitted][juſt | just]juſtjust before
meeting I was [Calld | called]Calldcalled by
a man from 5000 Aires[place0429.ocp]
to [mary | marry]marymarry a [Cupple | couple]Cupplecouple this even
ing, — and So as Soon as
the meeting was over

[gap: worn_edge][guess (lrb): I]I [Sot | set]Sotset [of | off]ofoff, and [illegible] got there
after [Sun Sit | sunset]Sun Sitsunset and I [Sot | sat]Sotsat a
[lettle | little]lettlelittle while at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Northrops[pers1018.ocp]
and then went to the [Houſe | house]Houſehouse
of wedding, and married
a [Cupple | couple]Cupplecouple and Soon after
marriage I [above] wentwent with home
with [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Benjamin[pers1005.ocp] and his
wife[pers1742.ocp] and there I Lodged —

[Fryday | Friday]FrydayFriday [Decr | December]DecrDecember 16[1785-12-16].

Soon after
[Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast, I went [of | off]ofoff to P[illegible][guess (lrb): ee]ee[ſsley | ssley]ſsleyssley
got there. about 12: and in
[a bout | about]a boutabout an Hour we began
the meeting, and there was
a [Conſiderable | considerable]Conſiderableconsiderable number of
People Chiefly Scotch People
and I Spoke from Isaiah [above] 1616 5.5
and the People were great[gap: worn_edge][guess (lrb): ly]ly
[bowd | bowed]bowdbowed before the word, an[gap: tear][guess (lrb): d]d
the Lord, I believe gave me
Some [Senſe | sense]Senſesense of his word,

as Soon as the meeting was
over I went [of | off]ofoff to [ball Town | Ballston]ball TownBallston[place0363.ocp]
got to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. L[illegible][guess (lrb): ac]acys [a bout | about]a boutabout Sun
down, and it was Rainy, yet
a Number of People Came to
gether, and we had [[agreable | agreeable]agreableagreeable | agreeable][agreable | agreeable]agreableagreeableagreeable
[Exerciſe | exercise]Exerciſeexercise with my Notes, [Sot | sat]Sotsat up
late, and Lodge at the Same
[Houſe | house]Houſehouse, and was kindly [en
tertain'd | en
. —

Saturday [Decr | December]DecrDecember 17[1785-12-17]:

in the
morning went to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Jeremiah
and took [breakfaſt | breakfast]breakfaſtbreakfast
with them, and Soon after
eating I went [of | off]ofoff, [Calld | called]Calldcalled a while
at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Benjamins[pers1005.ocp], and from
there went to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Cundys[pers1386.ocp] a
[Ducthman | Dutchman]DucthmanDutchman, and was [extream
ly | extreme
well received, [[Stayd | stayed]Staydstayed | stayed][Stayd | stayed]Staydstayedstayed the
[reſt | rest]reſtrest of the Day and the night
[enſuing | ensuing]enſuingensuing, — and we had
very [[agreable | agreeable]agreableagreeable | agreeable][agreable | agreeable]agreableagreeableagreeable [Exerceſe | exercise]Exerceſeexercise with

my Notes — —

[Sabb | Sabbath]SabbSabbath [Decr | December]DecrDecember 18[1785-12-18]

Soon after
[Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Cundy[pers1386.ocp] and
I went to [Gallaway | Galway]GallawayGalway[place0432.ocp] to meet
ing with the Scotch People
we got there [a bout | about]a boutabout 12: and
there was a great Number of
People, Chiefly Scotch People, and
I began the meeting Soon after
I got there, — I Spoke from [Eph | Ephesians]EphEphesians [above] V: 14V: 14
and I much freedom; and there
was very deep and Solemn atten
tion, many were greatly affected,
after Service, I took Dinner with
the Family where the meeting, the
mans Name was [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Mc kinſley | McKinsley]Mc kinſleyMcKinsley[pers1421.ocp]
Soon after Dinner, I [returnd | returned]returndreturned
to 5000 A[illegible][guess (lrb): cr]cres[place0429.ocp], I went alone, I got
to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Moorhouſe | Moorhouse]MoorhouſeMoorhouse's[pers1422.ocp] before [Sun
Sit | sun
, and [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped there for the nig[above] hht
and was affectionately [receivd | received]receivdreceived
in the Evening a number of

Young People and Some others
Came together, to have [Exerciſes | exercises]Exerciſesexercises
with my Notes, and it was
a it was a Comfortable meet
ing, the Company broke up
about 10, and after that we
[Sot | sat]Sotsat up Some Time, and we
went to Bed quietly — —

Monday [Decr | December]DecrDecember 19[1785-12-19]:

got very
Early, and got my Mare Shod
and after [Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast, I took
good leave of the Family, and
[Sot | set]Sotset [of | off]ofoff to take leave of my other
Friends as Soon as [Coud | could]Coudcould, for
a y[illegible]oung Came for me this
morning, to go to north part
of [Balls Town | Ballston]Balls TownBallston[place0363.ocp] 8. or 9. miles
from this Place, got [a way | away]a wayaway
from my Friends about 12
and So went on as [faſt | fast]faſtfast as
I [Coud | could]Coudcould, [Calld | could]Calldcould at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Seeley's[pers1440.ocp]
and took Dinner there, and

So went directly on again
got to the Place [a | [guess (h-dawnd): about]about]a[guess (h-dawnd): about]about 2, and Mar
ried a [Cupple | couple]Cupplecouple of [Engliſh | English]EngliſhEnglish, thei[above] rr
Names were, Sanford White[pers1454.ocp] [& | and]&and
Hannah Hide[pers1399.ocp][I | In]IIn the evening
I went to another [Houſe | house]Houſehouse one [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
and there we had a mee[above] tt
ing, and there was a goodly
Number of People, and it was
a [refreſhing | refreshing]refreſhingrefreshing meeting, many
I believe felt the Power of the
Word, I Spoke from Luke XVIII [above] 4141
after I had [diſmiſt | dismissed]diſmiſtdismissed them, a num
ber [Stay'd | stayed]Stay'dstayed, and [deſird | desired]deſirddesired to have
[Exerciſe | exercise]Exerciſeexercise with my Notes, and
there was great Solemnity [a
mongſt | a
them, many were
Deeply affected, there was a
flow Tears, from many Eyes
it was late before we break
up, and I went to bed once
more in Peace, thanks be
to God —

[Tueſday | Tuesday]TueſdayTuesday [Decr | December]DecrDecember 20[1785-12-20]:

got up very
Early and had my [Horſe | horse]Horſehorse got
for me, and went one [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
[Uni[illegible]ſtead | Unistead]Uni[illegible]ſteadUnistead's[pers1450.ocp]
a few Rods and there
took [Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast, after [Break
faſt | break
took my notes, handed out
to 3: or 4: Children, and then
I [Sot | set]Sotset [illegible][of | off]ofoff for [Eaſtward | Eastward]EaſtwardEastward, got to
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Weeds[pers1023.ocp] about 12: took din
ner with them, and Soon after
Dinner went on again one
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Naſh | Nash]NaſhNash[pers1423.ocp] Conducted me over
the North End of the Lake —
and [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Naſh | Nash]NaſhNash[pers1423.ocp] [deſired | desired]deſireddesired me to
go home with him and to
have a meeting in the [eveng | evening]evengevening
at his [Houſe | house]Houſehouse or Some other
and I [Conſented | consented]Conſentedconsented and we had
a meeting, and there was
great Number of People [& | and]&and
I Spoke from, [Hebak | Habakkuk]HebakHabakkuk 1.1[above] 33 To what
[purpoſs | purpose]purpoſspurpose [&c | etc.]&cetc.[Lodgd | Lodged]LodgdLodged at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Naſhs | Nashs]NaſhsNashs[pers1423.ocp]

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday [Decr | December]DecrDecember 21[1784-12-21].

was up
early, and got ready to go a
way, And [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Naſh | Nash]NaſhNash[pers1423.ocp] had a
notion of Exchanging mares
with me, and I [Conſiderd | considered]Conſiderdconsidered of
it a little while, and Conclud
ed to Swap with him, and
he took off my Saddle put it
the other, I gave him 2 Dollars
and an half, and I So I we[above] ntnt
on to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Beldens[pers1375.ocp] and took [Brea[above] [illegible][guess (lrb): k]k[illegible][guess (lrb): k]k | breakfast]Brea[above] [illegible][guess (lrb): k]k[illegible][guess (lrb): k]kbreakfast
and Soon after [Breakefaſt | breakfast]Breakefaſtbreakfast I
went on again; I [Juſt | just]Juſtjust now
heard Brother David[pers0155.ocp], had good
Luck in Selling his Roots, [& | and]&and
had Success with the Hono^ble
[Congreeſs | Congress]CongreeſsCongress, in his memorial
for help; — I got to [Capt | Capt.]CaptCapt. Bel[illegible]
den's a little while before
[illegible]Night, found them all well

and was kindly [receivd | received]receivdreceived by
them, — took Dinner at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
, — In the Evening I
went to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. gregorys[pers1107.ocp] to meeting
and there was a large num
ber of People, [tho | though]thothough it was exceed
ing bad [Traviling | traveling]Travilingtraveling both on
[horſe back | horseback]horſe backhorseback and foot. I Spoke
from Isaiah 1: to what [purpoſ | purpose]purpoſpurpose
and I think I had Some [Senſ[above] ee | sense]Senſ[above] eesense
of Divine things the [Powd | bowed]Powdbowed by
the Word, — [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged at mr gre

[Thirdsday | Thursday]ThirdsdayThursday [Decr | December]DecrDecember 22[1785-12-22]:

[Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast Some Time I went
to [Capt | Capt.]CaptCapt. Bel Dunnigs[pers1105.ocp] Stay [till | 'til]till'til
after Dinner, and then took
leave of the Family, and
[Sot | set]Sotset [of | off]ofoff for New Town[place0482.ocp], [Capt | Capt.]CaptCapt.
went with me a
bout 2: and half miles, and

and then a kind [Ducth | Dutch]DucthDutch
man [illegible]Conducted me, [till | 'til]till'til he
got me to a plain way, and
I got to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Taillar[pers0703.ocp], and was
[enquiring | inquiring]enquiringinquiring where the People
meet together to [worſhip | worship]worſhipworship and
he Said they had no meeting
and he found me out at [laſt | last]laſtlast
that I was a Preacher, and
[deſired | desired]deſireddesired [meto | me to]metome to light, and I
did, he was very kind to me
and to my mare, and [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged
there, — [Reſted | Rested]ReſtedRested very Comfort
ably —

[Fryday | Friday]FrydayFriday [Decr | December]DecrDecember 23[1785-12-23]:

got me
up [illegible] Some Time before Day
and made me up a fire, [& | and]&and
[Sot | sat]Sotsat down by it, — and here
I [[Stayd | stayed]Staydstayed | stayed][Stayd | stayed]Staydstayedstayed [till | 'til]till'til Some Time in the
[after noon | afternoon]after noonafternoon, and then I wen[above] tt
to [StillWaters | Stillwater]StillWatersStillwater[place0471.ocp], got to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.

Bakers[pers1289.ocp] before [Sun Set | sunset]Sun Setsunset, and in
the Evening a number of People
Came in and [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Marſh | Marsh]MarſhMarsh[pers0907.ocp] a [Pre
cher | prea
[amongſt | amongst]amongſtamongst this People Came
in [alſo | also]alſoalso, and we had [Converſa
tion | Conversa
Some was not So [[agreable | agreeable]agreableagreeable | agreeable][agreable | agreeable]agreableagreeableagreeable
before we broke up we had
Some [Exerciſe | exercise]Exerciſeexercise with my notes
[illegible]and it was late before, we had
done, [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged here, —

Saturday [Decr | December]DecrDecember 24[1785-12-24]:

noon I went to See [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Camp[illegible][guess (lrb): el]el
and took dinner with them,
Soon after Dinner, I went
[of | off]ofoff to go back to New Town[place0482.ocp],
[Calld | called]Calldcalled at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Andruſss | Andruss's]AndruſssAndruss's[pers1373.ocp], but
he was not at Home, and I
went on, [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped at [illegible]old [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Mille[above] rsrs[pers0858.ocp]
and there I [Taried | tarried]Tariedtarried all night
and was kindly [entertaind | entertained]entertaindentertained
went to bed [pretty | ]pretty ear[illegible]ly —

[Sabb | Sabbath]SabbSabbath [Decr | December]DecrDecember 25[1785-12-25]:

got up Some
Time before Break of Day
and the Family got up too
and they got [Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast Soon
and a little after [Sun riſe | sunrise]Sun riſesunrise
we were getting ready to go
to meeting, — and [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Tayler[pers0703.ocp]
and I went [of | off]ofoff Soon, and to
his [Sun | son]Sunson[pers1741.ocp]s good while before
meeting, about 11: the People
began to flock in [faſt | fast]faſtfast, a[above] nnd
about 12 we began the [Ex
erciſe | ex
, and there was a pro
digious Number of People
Collected together, and I Spoke
from [Lucke | Luke]LuckeLuke 11.10: and there
was very great attention —
and in the Evening we had a
nother meeting, and there was
a large number of People, [tho' | though]tho'though

it was a Dreadful Storm of
Snow, and wind belew wvery
high, and the Snow flew and
it was Cold, — I Spoke from
the words — but one thing [&c | etc.]&cetc. Luke
and there was very good atten
tion again, — went to Bed
Soon this evening and had
a Comfortable [reſt | rest]reſtrest, —

Monday [Decr | December]DecrDecember 26[1785-12-26]:

SDid not
get up Soon — [illegible]Some Time
after [Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast, I [Sot | set]Sotset [of | off]ofoff for
[Still water | Stillwater]Still waterStillwater[place0471.ocp], and it was very
CCold, got there before noon
Call at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Andruſss | Andrusss]AndruſssAndrusss[pers1373.ocp] and [Sot | sat]Sotsat
a little while, and went [of | off]ofoff
and [Calld | called]Calldcalled at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Bakers[pers1289.ocp], and
they all [inſiſted | insisted]inſiſtedinsisted I [Shoud | should]Shoudshould and
preach, and finally I [Con
cented | con
, [Dind | dined]Dinddined with [Mrs | Mrs.]MrsMrs. Norton[pers1424.ocp]
and her Daughter [Loiſs | Loiss]LoiſsLoiss[pers1416.ocp]

Directly after Dinner went
to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Campels[pers0832.ocp] and [Preachd | preached]Preachdpreached
there to a Small Number of
People — Spoke from XV I kings
and 14, and there was good
[attendence | attendance]attendenceattendance, Soon after meet
ing, I went [of | off]ofoff in order to go
over the River[place0172.ocp], two men wen[above] tt
with me, but I [Coud | could]Coudcould not get
over, there was too much Ice
and So I [turnd | turned]turndturned my [Courſe | course]Courſecourse [illegible][guess (lrb): [& | and]&and][& | and]&and
went up to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Powerss[pers1121.ocp] a [bap
tiſt | bap
[miniſter | minister]miniſterminister, got there a little
after [Sun Sit | sunset]Sun Sitsunset, and put up
there, he and his wife[pers1427.ocp] [recei[above] vdvd | received]recei[above] vdvdreceived
me very kindly —

[Tueſday | Tuesday]TueſdayTuesday [Decr | December]DecrDecember 27[1785-12-27]

[Wat | Was]WatWas at
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Powerss[pers1121.ocp] all Day, and
it was [extream | extreme]extreamextreme Cold; in the
evening, went to meeting [a
mongſt | a
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Powerss[pers1121.ocp] People [& | and]&and
there was quite great many

People for the Cold [Seaſon | season]Seaſonseason
I Spoke from Psalm 125.1
and the People Seem to be [in
deferent | in
in their attention, their
Bodies were Cold and I believe
Hearts too, — after meeting wen[above] tt
back with Elder Powers[pers1121.ocp] and
Lodged there again, —

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday [Decr | December]DecrDecember 28[1785-12-28]:

Time after [Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast, I went
to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Kalleys[pers1109.ocp] [meating | meeting]meatingmeeting [Houſe | house]Houſehouse
to preach, got there about
12 [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Powers[pers1121.ocp] went with me
went into an [Houſe | house]Houſehouse [Juſt | just]Juſtjust by
the meeting, was there a few
minutes and [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Kalley[pers1109.ocp] Came
in with his Wife[pers1411.ocp], and it was
So Cold they Concluded to meet
in a Dwelling [Houſe | house]Houſehouse, and
we went [directy | directly]directydirectly, and there
was not great many People
I Spoke from I [Croni. | Corinthians]Croni.Corinthians 29:
and there was good attention

Some were affected, Soon after
meeting I went to about 2 [M[illegible] | miles]M[illegible]miles
further to preach [amongſt | amongst]amongſtamongst [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
People; one [Mrs | Mrs.]MrsMrs. [Ireiſh | Irish]IreiſhIrish[pers1406.ocp]
[Caried | carried]Cariedcarried me in her [Slay | sleigh]Slaysleigh, got to
the [Houſe | house]Houſehouse [Juſt | just]Juſtjust before [Sun Sit | sunset]Sun Sitsunset
[a bout | about]a boutabout Candle[illegible: [guess (h-dawnd): l]l] Lighting went to
meeting in a [School Houſe | schoolhouse]School Houſeschoolhouse [Juſt | just]Juſtjust
by, and there was a [Croud | crowd]Croudcrowd of
People, and I Spoke from
Luke Lord teach us to pray
[Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged this night at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Ireſhs | Irish's]IreſhsIrish's[pers1407.ocp]
and [Sot | sat]Sotsat up late, [Mrs | Mrs.]MrsMrs. [Ireiſh | Irish]IreiſhIrish[pers1406.ocp] [& | and]&and
I had very [agreable | agreeable]agreableagreeable [Converſation | conversation]Converſationconversation
after the [reſt | rest]reſtrest went to bed, after
a while I went to bed Quietly,
and had a Comfortable [reſt | rest]reſtrest

[Thirdsday | Thursday]ThirdsdayThursday [Decr | December]DecrDecember 29[1785-12-29]

got up very
early, and went [of | off]ofoff, [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped a [illegible]few
minutes at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Chatcham's[pers1382.ocp] and
So [paſt | passed]paſtpassed on, and [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Kal
and took [Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast [illegible]there
and Soon after [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Chatcham[pers1382.ocp]

Came along, and I got up on
[Horſe | horse]Horſehorse, and went along with him
and we [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Powerss[pers1121.ocp] and
got my things, and took my
good leave of him and his wife[pers1427.ocp]
and went on again, and [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
and parted n[illegible]ear
the River[place0172.ocp], I went up the river[place0172.ocp]
a little ways and [Croſst | crossed]Croſstcrossed the River[place0172.ocp]
and went on, and Came to an
[Houſe | house]Houſehouse of one [Capt | Capt.]CaptCapt. Wright[pers0614.ocp], and
he [deſired | desired]deſireddesired to go into his [Houſe | house]Houſehouse [& | and]&and
I did, and took Dinner with him
and he [deſired | desired]deſireddesired me to have meet
ing at his [Houſe | house]Houſehouse, the Sabbath
following, and I [Concented | consented]Concentedconsented, — and
So I [past | passed]pastpassed on Seeking after my
Daughter[pers1095.ocp], went to old [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Begles[pers1090.ocp]
and there they told me they were
gone towards the River[place0172.ocp], and So I
[turnd | turned]turndturned right about, and went
on and I [Calld | called]Calldcalled at Haukins[pers1394.ocp]
and there I was told, they [livd | lived]livdlived
about a mile [& | and]&and a Quarter,

got there about [Sun Sit | sunset]Sun Sitsunset, and
found them all well; thanks
be to Heaven for his [goodneſs | goodness]goodneſsgoodness to
me and to my Daughter[pers1095.ocp],
[Lodgd | Lodged]LodgdLodged here, once more —

[Fryday | Friday]FrydayFriday [Decr | December]DecrDecember 30[1785-12-30]:

it was a
Snowy Day and very Cold
[Stayd | Stayed]StaydStayed [till | 'til]till'til about 11: and then
I went [of | off]ofoff to go to meeting, but
I [Coud | could]Coudcould not get a Hor[above] sse to ride
to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Haukinss[pers1394.ocp] for my mare
was there, and I So I got a
young man to go for my [Hor[above] ſeſe | horse]Hor[above] ſeſehorse
and he Came back Soon, and So
I went [of | off]ofoff, and [Calld | called]Calldcalled on [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
, and it [Snowd | snowed]Snowdsnowed very
hard, and they [Sayd | said]Saydsaid it was
[moſt | most]moſtmost Night, and they [perſw[above] adedaded | persuaded]perſw[above] adedadedpersuaded
me to [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped and not to go on
and I [Complyd | complied]Complydcomplied, and Stay
there all Night and they
treated me with all [kindneſs | kindness]kindneſskindness
the woman[pers1787.ocp] I had knowledge of

when She was a little girl,
they have Six Children four
Boys and two girls, and they
[agreable | agreeable]agreableagreeable, Spent the evening
with them very [agreable | agreeable]agreableagreeable had
Some [Exerciſes | exercises]Exerciſesexercises with my Notes
after a while went to bed —

Saturday [Decr | December]DecrDecember 31[1785-12-31]:

Some Time
after [Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast, I took leave
of the Family, and went on
to the River[place0172.ocp] got over on the
I[illegible]ce [a bout | about]a boutabout 11, Call on [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
, and took Dinner
there, after Dinner took
leave of them, and went [illegible]
down the River[place0172.ocp], [Calld | called]Calldcalled on [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
[Mcearlys | McEarly]McearlysMcEarly[pers1420.ocp]
a few minutes [& | and]&and
So [paſt | passed]paſtpassed on, and [Calld | called]Calldcalled on
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Bacon[pers1088.ocp] and there I
Stop for the Night and was
kindly [entertaind | entertained]entertaindentertained

[Sabb | Sabbath]SabbSabbath [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 1. 1786[1785-01-01],

got me up
[Some what | somewhat]Some whatsomewhat Early, and took
[Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast, and Soon after
after Eating, had my Mare
got up, and I took leave of
the Family, and went over
the River[place0172.ocp] to [Capt | Capt.]CaptCapt. Write's[pers0614.ocp], and
about 11 the People Came [faſt | fast]faſtfast
and at 12 we began the meet
ing, and there was [Conſiderable | considerable]Conſiderableconsiderable
Number of People, and I Spoke
from [Gene | Genesis]GeneGenesis [gap: omitted] How old [&c | etc.]&cetc.
after meeting was at [Capt | Capt.]CaptCapt. Writes[pers0614.ocp]
and intended to Stay all Night
but [preſently | presently]preſentlypresently after [Sun Sit | sunset]Sun Sitsunset a
[Cupple | couple]Cupplecouple of Young Came to [Capt | Capt.]CaptCapt.
, and [Deſired | desired]Deſireddesired me to go with
them, and I went, and [Exerciſes | exercises]Exerciſesexercises
with my Notes with the Family
and [Sot | sat]Sotsat up late but at [laſt | last]laſtlast
I went to bed, —

Monday, [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 2[1786-01-02]:

got up ear[above] lyly
and went back to [Capt | Capt.]CaptCapt. Writes[pers0614.ocp]

[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. L[illegible][guess (lrb): w]wis Williams[pers1456.ocp] Carried me
part of the way to the [Capts | Capt.'s]CaptsCapt.'s[pers0614.ocp] and
I got there [a bout | about]a boutabout 8. and was
[geting | getting]getinggetting to go on my way towards
Pitts Town[place0538.ocp], — and I was Saying
if any one to help towards up
per part of Saratoga[place0470.ocp], I [woud | would]woudwould go
and [Capt | Capt.]CaptCapt. Wright[pers0614.ocp] Said he [woud | would]woudwould
Continue to Carry me, and So I Con
cluded to go, and about 10.o.C.
[illegible]one of [Capts | Capt.]CaptsCapt.[pers0614.ocp]'s Sons got up a
[Slay | sleigh]Slaysleigh, and we [Sot | set]Sotset [of | off]ofoff, and we got
to good old Deacon Hewits[pers1397.ocp] a
bout 1: and there I [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped, and
they Concluded to have a meet
ing in the Evening, and [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
went back — Deacon
was not at Home, but his
was at Home with whom he
lives — in the evening a number
of People got together, and I Spoke
to them from [Jerem | Jeremiah]JeremJeremiah III.39.40 and
the People were exceedingly atten

tive and Solemn — went to
bed [illegible] Soon, and had a quiet
Sleep once more the Lord be
[Praiſed | praised]Praiſedpraised — Lord enable me to
live this year as if I knew it
was the [laſt | last]laſtlast, that I may live
to thee in all things that I may
[Conſecret | consecrate]Conſecretconsecrate my all unto Thee —

[Tueſday | Tuesday]TueſdayTuesday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 3[1785-01-03]:

got up very
early, and took [Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast
with [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Richard Hewet[pers1398.ocp] and
[a bout | about]a boutabout 10 [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Hewet[pers1398.ocp] took me
in his [Slay | sleigh]Slaysleigh, and we [wint | went]wintwent on
towards the North River[place0172.ocp], got
to the River about half after
11 and we were afraid to go
over the [Slay | sleigh]Slaysleigh on the Ice, and
I went over a foot, went to one
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Riders[pers1432.ocp] and [tryed | tried]tryedtried to hire
[Horſe | horse]Horſehorse, but I [Coud | could]Coudcould not get
any, and So [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Hewet[pers1398.ocp] went
back over the River[place0172.ocp], to fetch
his [Horſes | horses]Horſeshorses, and he Soon got

back, and I got on upon
one of them and we went
onto Boughten [illegible]Kill[place0530.ocp], and
we [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped at a [Houſe | house]Houſehouse, to [enqur[above] ee | inquire]enqur[above] eeinquire
of the way, and there we met
with one [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Lake[pers1413.ocp], he had
a [Slay | sleigh]Slaysleigh [goining | going]goininggoing directly to
the place where I was going
and he was So kind as to
take me in his [Slay | sleigh]Slaysleigh, and
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Hewet[pers1398.ocp] went back, and
I went on, and we got to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
[paſt | past]paſtpast middle of the
[after noon | afternoon]after noonafternoon, but there was
[no Body | nobody]no Bodynobody at Home, and we
went to old [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Foſters | Fosters]FoſtersFosters[pers0199.ocp], and
there I [Stayd | stayed]Staydstayed, there I took
Dinner, [Mrs | Mrs.]MrsMrs. Tanner[pers1666.ocp] was
there, [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Foſter | Foster]FoſterFoster[pers0199.ocp] and his
wife[pers1667.ocp] are old People, about
[Sun Sit | sunset]Sun Sitsunset I went back to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
, and meeting was

appointed here, and the People
began to Come in Soon, and
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Tanner[pers1446.ocp] got home after Sun
Set, and we Soon began the
[Exerciſe | exercise]Exerciſeexercise, there was but few
People, and I Spoke to them
from John 9: [gap: omitted] Soon after
meeting I went to bed —

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 4[1786-01-04]:

got up
early, and was at the [Houſe | house]Houſehouse
[till | 'til]till'til near 9, then [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Tanner's[pers1446.ocp]
Son Thomas[pers1447.ocp] Carried me in
a [Slay | sleigh]Slaysleigh to meeting, at the [Hou[above] ſeſe | house]Hou[above] ſeſehouse
of [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Forſter | Forster]ForſterForster[pers0199.ocp] [Mrs | Mrs.]MrsMrs. Tanner[pers1666.ocp]
and old [Mrs | Mrs.]MrsMrs. [Foſter | Foster]FoſterFoster[pers1667.ocp] were in the
[Slay | sleigh]Slaysleigh [alſo | also]alſoalso, b got to the [Houſe | house]Houſehouse a
bout 10 and there was a
great gathering of People
I began [ab | about]ababout 1 in the after
noon, and there was a
Solemn attention, many were
greatly affected, — Soon after

I went with [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Roſe | Rose]RoſeRose[pers1435.ocp] and
his Wife[pers1436.ocp] in his [Slay | sleigh]Slaysleigh, and
took Some Victuals with them
and Soon after eating we
went to meeting again, we
met at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Kinnion's[pers1412.ocp], and
there was a goodly number
of People, and I believe the
Lord was [preſent | present]preſentpresent with us
and I believe the Night will
not be forgot Soon, after [mg | meeting]mgmeeting
I went back with [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Roſe | Rose]RoſeRose[pers1435.ocp]
in his [Slay | sleigh]Slaysleigh, this [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Roſe | Rose]RoſeRose[pers1435.ocp] Came
from Block-Island[place0364.ocp], I was well
[aqainted | acquainted]aqaintedacquainted with his Brother
William[pers1437.ocp], — I lodged here —

[Thirdsday | Thursday]ThirdsdayThursday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 5[1786-01-05]:

got up
very early, and they got
[Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast directly, and
[a bout | about]a boutabout 9 [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Kinnion[pers1412.ocp] Came
to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Roſes | Roses]RoſesRoses[pers1435.ocp] to go with us [& | and]&and
we [Sot | set]Sotset [of | off]ofoff Soon, in a [Slay | sleigh]Slaysleigh

and went back to Saratoga[place0470.ocp]
got to generals Seat about
11: and we [paſt | passed]paſtpassed on to [Fiſh | Fish]FiſhFish Creek[place0531.ocp]
got to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Hewets[pers1397.ocp] [a bout | about]a boutabout 12: [& | and]&and
we [Stayd | stayed]Staydstayed a little while, and
we [returnd | returned]returndreturned back to General
Seat, got there about
2: S the men that brought
[Stayd | stayed]Staydstayed [a while | awhile]a whileawhile, and then wen[above] tt
[of | off]ofoff and I [Stayd | stayed]Staydstayed at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Tom[above] ſonsſons | Tomsons]Tom[above] ſonsſonsTomsons[pers1448.ocp]
in one of generals Schiliers[pers1438.ocp]
[Houſes | houses]Houſeshouses, and had a meeting
there in the evening, but
there was a Small Compa
ny, and they attended well
[illegible]they were Chiefly Dutch
People, and they attended
well, — after meeting Some
Time I had [Exerciſes | exercises]Exerciſesexercises with
my Notes, in the Family,
and it was a Solemn

Time, the poor Negroes
were [Surprizd | surprised]Surprizdsurprised with the
Texts they [Choſe | chose]Choſechose, Some
Time in the Evening I
went to bed quietly and
had a Comfortable [reſt | rest]reſtrest

[Fryday | Friday]FrydayFriday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 6[1786-01-06]

we got
up very early, got [Break | breakfast]Breakbreakfast
Soon, and a little after Sun
[riſe | rise]riſerise, a [Slay | sleigh]Slaysleigh and [Horſes | horses]Horſeshorses were
ready to Carry me down towar[above] dsds
the [Still Water | Stillwater]Still WaterStillwater[place0471.ocp], and, the [generls | General's]generlsGeneral's
[Boſs | boss]Boſsboss[pers1392.ocp]
[orderd | ordered]orderdordered one of the [genls | General's]genlsGeneral's[pers1438.ocp]
Negroes to Carry me, [Boſs | boss]Boſsboss
in [Engliſh | English]EngliſhEnglish is [Overſeers | overseers]Overſeersoverseers,
we had a fine Span of [illegible][Horſes | horses]Horſeshorses
we got to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Williams[pers0597.ocp], in
about an Hour, 6 miles [& | and]&and
half, the [Negroe | negro]Negroenegro return
right back, and I [Stayd | stayed]Staydstayed
a little while, and I took
my Skonk mare, and [Sot | set]Sotset

[of | off]ofoff after [takeng | taking]takengtaking good leave
leave of [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Williams[pers0597.ocp] and
his Family, and went on
towards Pitts Town[place0538.ocp], [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped a
[whele | while]whelewhile at [Capt | Capt.]CaptCapt. Wrights[pers0614.ocp] and
[Mrs | Mrs.]MrsMrs. Wright[pers1668.ocp], [woud | would]woudwould get me
Dinner, and as Soon as I
had done eating, I went on
again, [traveld | traveled]traveldtraveled [thro | through]throthrough Woods
the [bigeſt | biggest]bigeſtbiggest part of the way[illegible],
towards Night, I [miſt | missed]miſtmissed my
way, and was obliged to go
back, about half a mile
and Call at an [Houſe | house]Houſehouse, the
man was a [Black Smith | blacksmith]Black Smithblacksmith
his Name is [gap: omitted]
and they were quite will
ing to let me Stay, and
the man and I [lodgd | lodged]lodgdlodged toge
ther, and I had quite a
Comfortable Nights [Reſt | rest]Reſtrest
Saturday[1786-01-07] Morning got up
very early, and my mare
was got up and I went on
before [Sun riſe | sunrise]Sun riſesunrise, and I got
to one [Colol | Col.]CololCol. [Tomſon | Tomson]TomſonTomson's[pers1448.ocp] about
8:, and he knew me, and re
ceived kindly, and took [B | breakfast]Bbreakfast
there, and was there Some
Time after eating, I took
my old mare, and went to
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. John Lambs[pers1669.ocp]. and was
kindly received, and there
I [Stayd | stayed]Staydstayed and Lodged there
and found the [Cupple | couple]Cupplecouple very
[agreable | agreeable]agreableagreeable, both of them are
[Chriſtians | Christians]ChriſtiansChristians, I belive in Truth
they are youngerly [Cupple | couple]Cupplecouple
they are of the [Baptiſts | Baptists]BaptiſtsBaptists[org0124.ocp]

[Sabb | Sabbath]SabbSabbath [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 8[1786-01-08]

Some Time
[a bout | about]a boutabout 10 we went to meet
ing at the [Houſe | house]Houſehouse of one
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [gap: omitted]

[a bout | about]a boutabout 11: we went to [meetg | meeting]meetgmeeting
and the People began to
gather thick, [a bout | about]a boutabout 12 we
[be gan | began]be ganbegan the Divine [exec[above] ii[ſe | se]ſese | exercise]exec[above] ii[ſe | se]ſeseexercise
and there was a great [Num[above] rr | number]Num[above] rrnumber
of People, one half Could no[above] tt
Come into the [Houſe | house]Houſehouse, and
I was [obligd | obliged]obligdobliged to Stand at the
Door, and it was Cold, and
I Spoke from [Eph. | Epehsians]Eph.Epehsians V 14:
and the People attended with
great attention, and many
were deeply affected and
there were flow of [illegible] Tears
and I believe they will
not forget the Day very
Soon, — Soon after meeting
I went home with [Colo | Col.]ColoCol.
[Tomſon | Tomson]TomſonTomson[pers1448.ocp]
in his [Slay | sleigh]Slaysleigh. [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
[Holſted | Holsted]HolſtedHolsted[pers1401.ocp]
and his wife[pers1402.ocp] went
with us he is an old [Bap[above] tsts | Baptist]Bap[above] tstsBaptist

elder, took Dinner with
them, in the evening we
had a Meeting again and
there was a great Number
of People again, many[illegible]
[illegible][illegible: [guess (lrb): full]full] of People were [obligd | obliged]obligdobliged
to go back [becauſe | because]becauſebecause there
no Room for them in the
[Houſe | house]Houſehouse, and it was Cold, [& | and]&and
there was great attention
[a gain | again]a gainagain, [illegible]Lo[illegible]dged at the
[Colo | Col.]ColoCol.[pers1448.ocp] and was [extreamly | extremely]extreamlyextremely
kindly [entertaind | entertained]entertaindentertained, the [Colo | Col.]ColoCol.[pers1448.ocp]
and his Lady[pers1449.ocp] are very [a
greable | a
[Cupple | couple]Cupplecouple

Monday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 9[1786-01-09]:

after [Break | breakfast]Breakbreakfast
I [Sot | set]Sotset [of | off]ofoff and went to See a
Young man that was Sick
and found him quite poorly
and was under deep Concern
for his poor Soul, gave him
Some [Concel | counsel]Concelcounsel and [prayd | prayed]praydprayed
with him, and then went

towards the [Eaſt | East]EaſtEast, Betsy Hink[above] lyly[pers1400.ocp]
a Young Woman went with
me, and we got to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Bigalos[pers1376.ocp]
about 12. where the meeting
was to be — People began
to Collect Soon, and there
was not a great many
People, and I Spoke to
them from Luke VII 23:
and the People were very
much affected many of the[above] mm
[Juſt | Just]JuſtJust before the [Exerciſe | exercise]Exerciſeexercise was
over a [Cupple | couple]Cupplecouple of Young
men Came on [purpoſe | purpose]purpoſepurpose to
[invit | invite]invitinvite to go with them, to the
[diſtance | distance]diſtancedistance of 7: miles, and I
was at a Stand Some Time
what to Say to them, finally
Concluded to go with them, [& | and]&and
took Dinner and Soon after
went [of | off]ofoff with them in their
[Slay | sleigh]Slaysleigh and one of them Rode

my Mare, and it was about
[Sun Sit | sunset]Sun Sitsunset when we [Sot | set]Sotset [of | off]ofoff and
was [extreemly | extremely]extreemlyextremely [bay | bad]baybad way
and it Cold, we got to the
Place [Calld | called]Calldcalled [Hooſuck | Hoosick]HooſuckHoosick[place0533.ocp], put
up in the [Houſe | house]Houſehouse of one [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
, and there Lodged
and was well [receivd | received]receivdreceived

[Tueſday | Tuesday]TueſdayTuesday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 10[1786-01-10]:

[a bout | about]a boutabout 12
the People Collected fast, and
1: we began the [worſhip | worship]worſhipworship [& | and]&and
there was a great number
of People, and I Spoke to them
from [Matt | Matthew]MattMatthew IV: 10 and I believe
many felt the Power of the word
Soon after meeting, I went
[of | off]ofoff with [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Reed[pers1430.ocp], and his
, his wife ^ [above] in their [Slay | sleigh]Slaysleighin their [Slay | sleigh]Slaysleigh was from
New London[place0164.ocp] North [pariſh | parish]pariſhparish
where I was brought up
took Dinner ^ [above] withwith them and directly

after Dinner we went to meet
ing again, about 2. miles
off, and there was a great
number of People again
at was at the [Houſe | house]Houſehouse one [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
, and I Preach to them
from [Matt | Matthew]MattMatthew XI: 28, and there
was an affectionate attention
there was a Shower Tears,
the meeting was [apointed | appointed]apointedappointed
here on account of the woman
that was [goining | going]goininggoing to meeting
[Yeſterday | yesterday]Yeſterdayyesterday to hear me, and
She was Taken with a Fit
of Apoplexy [a bout | about]a boutabout half a
mile from her [Houſe | house]Houſehouse, and
was taken up [Speechleſs | speechless]Speechleſsspeechless, but
She is now better, Can Speak
but not very plain and
[illegible] She is Numb one Side
but She Can walk Some —
Soon after meeting I went

with [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Reed[pers1430.ocp] in their
[Slay | sleigh]Slaysleigh and [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged at their
[Houſe | house]Houſehouse, and was affectionate[above] lyly
[entertaind | entertained]entertaindentertained

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 11[1786-01-11]

got up
early and took [Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast
and a while after my
mare was brought, and I
took leave of the Family and
[Sot | set]Sotset [of | off]ofoff and had not gone more
than 60 rods before I met a
[Slay | sleigh]Slaysleigh from St Co[illegible] to fetch
me, and I got [of | off]ofoff my mare
and in the [Slay | sleigh]Slaysleigh and went
on [faſt | fast]faſtfast, it was about 8 [m | miles]mmiles
we had to go, and got to the
Place about 12 I put up
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Lathems[pers1671.ocp], and about 1
in the [after noon | afternoon]after noonafternoon we went
to meeting, — and there was
a Prodigious number of

People, and I Spoke from
[Isaaih | Isaiah]IsaaihIsaiah [illegible][guess (lrb ): IX]IX 6: and there was
very great and Solemn at
tention, many were much
affected, — after meeting
went back to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Lathem[pers1671.ocp]s
in the Evening went to [m– | meeting]m–meeting
again and there was a
Number of People, and I
Spoke to them from [Prov | Proverbs]ProvProverbs [above] 55 10
and there was great [atten[above] nn | attention]atten[above] nnattention
again, after meeting I
we[above] nnt with [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [gap: omitted] [Stopt | Stopped]StoptStopped at [Docr | Dr.]DocrDr.
to See his Wife, She was Sick
and they [deſired | desired]deſireddesired me to Stay
and Concluded to Stay, [Sot | sat]Sotsat
up very late, and went to
Bed about 11: had un-
comfortable Night it was
very Cold lay Cold,

[above] [Thidsday | Thursday]ThidsdayThursday[Thidsday | Thursday]ThidsdayThursday [below] [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 12[Janr | January]JanrJanuary 12[1786-01-12]

up Some Time before

Day and [Sot | sat]Sotsat up by the
fire, and the [Docrs | Dr.'s]DocrsDr.'s wife
got up and [Sot | sat]Sotsat up ad and
[Deſired | desired]Deſireddesired me to Sit by her
and I did, and She gave me
a [illegible]Relation of her Experien
ces, and they were [Some what | somewhat]Some whatsomewhat
weak but [a peared | appeared]a pearedappeared [luke | like]lukelike the
[goſpel | gospel]goſpelgospel, and I think had
good affect upon her, Soon
after Day, I went [a way | away]a wayaway
[Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped at the [Houſe | house]Houſehouse where we
meets, and Soon after I got
in a man Came in, and [deſir[above] dd | desired]deſir[above] dddesired
me to go[illegible] back a little way
to See a woman, that was pu[above] tt
to bed [laſt | last]laſtlast Night, in Child
Birth, and I went, they
were Dutch Folks, I [prayd | prayed]praydprayed
with them, and then went
back to [mr | Mr.]mrMr. Lathems[pers1671.ocp], and
there a [litle | little]litlelittle, and then

I expected a Company, but
they did not Come, So I [Sot | set]Sotset [of | off]ofoff
for Little White Creek[place0534.ocp], got to
the Place about 12: went into
an old Dutch man's [Houſe | house]Houſehouse
and he [appeard | appeared]appeardappeared very friendly
and took Care of my Mare
and the People began to ga
ther [preſently | presently]preſentlypresently, and about
1 I went to [above] thethe meeting [Houſe | house]Houſehouse, it
is a Log meeting [Houſe | house]Houſehouse, wher[above] ee
one Elder Wait[pers1740.ocp] Preaches,
and [illegible]there was a Multitude
of People, I began the meet
ing Soon after I got in, the
People [Coud | could]Coudcould not all get in
I Spoke from [Rom | Romans]RomRomans VIII 13: and
I believe the People felt the
Power of the word of god, for
there was a flood of Tears —
Soon after meeting, I got
up on my Mare and wen[above] tt
on to [illegible]wards [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Cro[illegible]ſss | Cross's]Cro[illegible]ſssCross's[pers1385.ocp], [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.

Downer[pers1389.ocp] a [Baptiſt | Baptist]BaptiſtBaptist Preacher
went with me, and we [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped
at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Dakes | Deake's]DakesDeake's[pers1009.ocp], [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Edward
[Dakes | Deake's]DakesDeake's[pers0161.ocp]
Brother formerly a
[Schoolmaſter | schoolmaster]Schoolmaſterschoolmaster at Charles
among the Indians[org0066.ocp]
here we took Dinner, Soon af
ter Eating we went on again
g[above] oot to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Croſss | Cross's]CroſssCross's[pers1385.ocp] about [Sun Sit | sunset]Sun Sitsunset
and the People began to [gathe | gather]gathegather
directly, and we began the
meeting, and there was a
[vaſt | vast]vaſtvast number of People [& | and]&and,
I Spoke to them from James [above] IV: 17IV: 17
and the People [we | were]wewere greatly
[bowd | bowed]bowdbowed with the word, — [Lodgd | Lodged]LodgdLodged
here, [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Croſs | Cross]CroſsCross[pers1385.ocp] is believe a
Sincere [Chriſtian | Christian]ChriſtianChristian, he gave
me an account of his Experi
ences and [Exerciſes | exercises]Exerciſesexercises, Some
in the Evening I went to bed
once more quietly, and had
Comfortable [Reſt | rest]Reſtrest, —

[Fryday | Friday]FrydayFriday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 13[1786-01-13]:

[Roſe | Rose]RoſeRose early
and, and we had Prayers and
after that [Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast Came
on, and Soon after Eating
I [Sot | set]Sotset [of | off]ofoff for Sharfburg[place0540.ocp] [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
[gap: omitted] and his wife
went with me, we [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped at
[Esqr | Esq.]EsqrEsq. [gap: omitted] from thence we
went to See [Mrs | Mrs.]MrsMrs. Burnhan[pers1380.ocp]
She was lately taken with
a fit, and She is very Sick
I [prayd | prayed]praydprayed with her, and then
went on to the meeting [H | house]Hhouse
got there about 12 [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped a
while at a [Tarvern | tavern]Tarverntavern, abou[above] tt
1 we went to the [Houſe | house]Houſehouse of god
and it was [Extreem | extreme]Extreemextreme Cold, ther[above] ee
was not a great many People
and I Spoke from [Psal. | Psalm]Psal.Psalm 32:1
after Service went to the Same
[Houſe | house]Houſehouse where I [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped took [dinr | dinner]dinrdinner
and directly after Dinner
I went on towards Benington[place0529.ocp]

[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Amos Burroughs[pers1381.ocp] went
with me a little ways and
we parted, I got to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Swifts[pers1445.ocp]
a little after [Sun Sit | sunset]Sun Sitsunset, and
was very kindly [Receivd | received]Receivdreceived [& | and]&and
[illegible]he [inſiſted | insisted]inſiſtedinsisted upon it that
[Shoud | should]Shoudshould keep Sabbath with
him, and Concluded to Stay,
[Loded | lodged]Lodedlodged here, —

[Sa[illegible]tud | Saturday]Sa[illegible]tudSaturday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 14[1786-01-14]:

was at Mthe
Place all Day, towards
Night went to the Printers
and Coming back I [Calld | called]Calldcalled
on [Mrs | Mrs.]MrsMrs. [Robbinſon | Robbinson]RobbinſonRobbinson[pers1433.ocp] an old
Mother in [Iſreal | Israel]IſrealIsrael, and had
[a greable | agreeable]a greableagreeable [Converſation | conversation]Converſationconversation, a
bout [Sun down | sundown]Sun downsundown went back
to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Swifts[pers1445.ocp] and Lodged
there again —

[Sabb | Sabbath]SabbSabbath [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 15[1786-01-05]:

about half
after 10 went into the [Houſe | house]Houſehouse

and there was a great
Multitude of People, it is
a large [Houſe | house]Houſehouse and it was
well filled, — I Spoke from
Luke XII: 21: and there
was a Serious attention —
in the [after noon | afternoon]after noonafternoon Spoke from
1 [Corin | Corinthians]CorinCorinthians XVI:22: and I believe
the Power of god accompanied
the word there was a great
Shower of Tears, and I
think they will not Soon for
get the Day, — after Service
went to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Swifts[pers1445.ocp], took [Dinr | dinner]Dinrdinner
and Directly after eating
went on to Pownal[place0539.ocp], [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Potter[pers0668.ocp]
took me in his [Slay | sleigh]Slaysleigh, this
Potter[pers0668.ocp] went from [Rhoad | Rhode]RhoadRhode Isla[above] ndnd
Some Years back
and I have been in his
[Houſe | house]Houſehouse before when he

[livd | lived]livdlived [weſt | west]weſtwest of [Seabrook | Saybrook]SeabrookSaybrook[place0204.ocp]
got to his [Houſe | house]Houſehouse about [Sun
Sit | sun
, and was kindly [entertad | entertained]entertadentertained
Slept Quietly. —

Monday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 16[1786-01-16]:

got up
very Early, and about 12
the People began to Collect [& | and]&and
there was a large Congrega
tion, and I Spoke to them from
[Roam | Romans]RoamRomans VIII [gap: omitted] and there was a
good attention of People and
they attend well, but I had not
much freedom — as Soon as the
meeting was over, I went in
a [Slay | sleigh]Slaysleigh to [Esqr | Esq.]EsqrEsq. Jewets[pers1409.ocp], and
[preachd | preached]preachdpreached there in the evening,
and there was a great Num
ber of People, and I Spoke
to them from 1 [Jon | John]JonJohn V:10 and
I had but a little [Senſe | sense]Senſesense of the
word, yet there was good

attention, — Lodged there, —

[Tueſday | Tuesday]TueſdayTuesday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 17[1786-01-17]:

went on my
way Soon after [Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast
went [thro' | through]thro'through Williams Town[place0541.ocp] [& | and]&and
[Lainſbourgh | Lainsbourgh]LainſbourghLainsbourgh[place0534.ocp], got to Pitts
in the Evening, and
Lodged at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Ingaſals | Ingasals]IngaſalsIngasals[pers1404.ocp] a [Pub | public]Pubpublic
[illegible] [Houſe | house]Houſehouse, and found him [& | and]&and
his wife[pers1405.ocp] very [agreable | agreeable]agreableagreeable

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 18[1786-01-18]:

[Sot | Set]SotSet [of | off]ofoff
after [Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast, and it was
[Extream | extreme]Extreamextreme Cold, [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped a little
at Brother David Fowlers[pers0155.ocp] in
Richmond[place0384.ocp], they were all well
in the [after Noon | afternoon]after Noonafternoon Some Time
I [paſt | passed]paſtpassed on, got to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Sajants | Sergeant's]SajantsSergeant's[pers0470.ocp] after
[Sun Sit | sunset]Sun Sitsunset and Lodged there, —

[Thirdsday | Thursday]ThirdsdayThursday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 19[1786-01-19],

it was
[Some what | somewhat]Some whatsomewhat [pleaſant | pleasant]pleaſantpleasant Day

went about 10: Call on [Capt | Capt.]CaptCapt.
, and they were well,
but [moſt | most]moſtmost of the Indians[org0121.ocp] were
much [Scaterd | scattered]Scaterdscattered, [Sot | sat]Sotsat but a little
while and So [paſt | passed]paſtpassed on, — got to
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Heccocks[pers1396.ocp] in Sheffield[place0210.ocp] a
[Tarvern | tavern]Tarverntavern, and Lodged there —

[Fryday | Friday]FrydayFriday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 20[1786-01-20]:

I Conclud
ed to go with a [Cupple | couple]Cupplecouple of men
to Hills Deals[place0532.ocp] in Noble Town[place0169.ocp]
and they had to go a mile a two
to Iron Works, and they were
gone all Day, about KCan-
dle Lighting, they returned bac[above] kk
to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Hecocks[pers1396.ocp] and I went there
in their [illegible][Slay | sleigh]Slaysleigh and left my
mare at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Hecocks[pers1396.ocp], and
it was about 18 miles we
had to go, and [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped [illegible]Ti[illegible: [guess (h-dawnd): ice]ice]
and we got to the Place at

[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Jordan's[pers1410.ocp] and it was a
bout midnight, and I was
much [Fateagued | fatigued]Fateaguedfatigued, and went
to Sleep Soon, and had a Com
fortable [reſt | rest]reſtrest

Saturday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 21[1786-01-21]:

was at
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Jurdans[pers1410.ocp] all Day, Some
Time after [Sun Sit | sunset]Sun Sitsunset [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Jorda[above] nn[pers1410.ocp]
Carried me in a [Slay | sleigh]Slaysleigh to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
about a mile, and
there I Lodged, and was kind
ly [entertaind | entertained]entertaindentertained, he is a Rich
man, and it was a [plea‐
ſent | plea‐
evening, and it [thawd | thawed]thawdthawed
all Night, —

[Sabb. | Sabbath]Sabb.Sabbath [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 22[1786-01-22]:

about 9
the People Came [prety | pretty]pretypretty thick
and there was a great num
ber of people Collected toge-
there and I Spoke from

[Rom | Romans]RomRomans IV 17: and the [Peple | people]Peplepeople
attended Solemnly, Soon after
meeting [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Philip Lott[pers1417.ocp] took
me in his [Slay | sleigh]Slaysleigh and Carried
to a Dutch meeting [Houſe | house]Houſehouse[org0143.ocp]
about 5 miles [of | off]ofoff we got
there, about [Sun Sit | sunset]Sun Sitsunset, and
[preſent | present]preſentpresent after we went in
to the[illegible] [Houſe | house]Houſehouse of god, and there
was a large number of
People, and Spoke from
Acts 9 [gap: omitted] Soon after [m | meeting]mmeeting
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Lott[pers1417.ocp] took me again in
his [Slay | sleigh]Slaysleigh and went home
with him, and it was
very bad [Slaying | sleighing]Slayingsleighing by this
Time, and there I [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged
and was [Extreamly | extremely]Extreamlyextremely [wel | well]welwell
[receivd | received]receivdreceived, and [reſted | rested]reſtedrested quiet
ly once more
John [illegible] Schuneman[pers1443.ocp]
New York State Legislature
The Legislature of the State of New York is composed of two houses: the Senate, or upper house, led by the President (a post held ex officio by the Lieutenant Governor but usually filled by the Majority Leader), and the Assembly, or lower house, led by the Speaker. It meets at the New York State capitol in Albany. Members of both houses are elected for two year terms. The number of Senators varies, according to population, and stands now at 63. The Assembly has 150 members. The Legislature originated in the revolutionary New York Provincial Congress, assembled by patriots during the Revolutionary War, and has had a history of corruption. It is empowered to make laws subject to the governor's veto, which may be overridden by a two-thirds majority. It can also propose amendments to the New York State Constitution. In the late eighteenth century, this Legislature played a key role in the establishment of Brothertown. On a preaching tour of New York in 1784 to raise funds for Indian families moving up to Oneida country, Occom reported meeting a group of "agreeable" gentlemen who were members of the New York Assembly on a sloop he took to Albany, who are very pleased by the prospect of New England Indians moving to New York. Occom's journals for this period indicate that he was actively campaigning for the move, raising monies and meeting sympathetic ministers in upstate New York. He apparently made a good impresion, becaue in 1791, the New York Assembly and Senate paid Occom £15 for expenses to attend the Legislature on behalf of the Brotherton and New Stockbridge Indians (ms. 791174), indicating recognition of Occom's leadership. But the new settlement was beset with land troubles. In Fall 1786, the Oneidas, who had granted the New England Indians a tract of land in 1774 without reservations, wanted them to surrender the grant. Occom advised the Brothertown group to reject this dangerous proposal. When the Oneidas ceded all their lands to the State of New York in the Fort Schuyler Treaty of 1788, the Legislature intervened to recognize the Brothertown deed of 1774. But Occom and his group could not form the town's government and elect trustees until they ejected a group of whites who had won a ten-year lease from a group of trusting Indians. Again, the Legislature took action, passing the Act of March 31, 1795, insuring a large part of the Brothertown and New Stockbridge lands. Occom was responsible for this important measure, but it only slowed down the land grabbing that, after Occom's death, would eventually force the Brothertown Indians to move further west.
Dutch Reformed Church
The Dutch Reformed Church developed during the Protestant Reformation in the 16th century as part of the Netherlands' bid for freedom from Spanish Catholic control. It followed the teachings of John Calvin, a Swiss Protestant theologian, and adopted a presbyterian form of church governance. Dutch settlers to New Amsterdam brought the Church over in 1628, and when the colony passed into English hands in 1664, 11 Dutch Reformed Churches existed. This increased to 34 Churches at the beginning of the 18th century, under the jurisdiction of the Classis of Amsterdam. In 1738, the American Dutch Reformed Churches wrote a petition for independence from Amsterdam, which was granted in 1755. Practitioners and Churches spread throughout New York and New England, and in the 19th century to the mid-West. In 1766 the missionary John Brainerd passed on to Wheelock a recommendation for John Kals, a minister of the Dutch Reformed Church, as a potential missionary and teacher of sacred languages. Occom recorded in his journal for 1787 that he preached several times in Dutch Reformed Churches and meeting houses in upstate New York to large and enthusiastic audiences.
Narragansett Tribe
The Narragansetts are an Algonquian tribe based in Southern Rhode Island. Narragansett students (including the Simons, the Shattocks, and the Secutors) attended Eleazar Wheelock’s Moor’s Indian Charity School, and Charlestown, RI, was also one of the seven communities that participated in the Brothertown movement (the pan-Algonquian coalition organized by former Moor’s students). The Narragansetts were recognized in the 18th-century for their indigenous Christian Separatism, and a Separatist congregation under the leadership of Samuel Niles commanded much of the Tribe’s spiritual life from the 1740s onward. While Separatism is an imprecise word, it generally denotes congregations that formally separated from Congregationalist churches and were characterized by an increased emphasis on charismatic Christianity. Samuel Niles was an illiterate preacher who had himself been ordained by lay persons (thus breaking with the formal laying on of hands by an ordained person that created a theoretical chain from the Apostles to contemporary clergy). The congregation’s practices and theology diverged from the Anglo-American norm in meaningful ways, which shocked many Anglo-American observers but also gave the Narragansetts the autonomy needed to expel Rev. Joseph Fish, a New England Company (NEC) sponsored minister, and Edmund Deake, the schoolmaster who accompanied him, in 1776. Like other New England tribes, the Narragansetts struggled with land dispossession. In this case, the sachem and colony cooperated with one another to the Tribe’s disadvantage: the sachem family, the Ninigrets, had tied themselves closely to the colony of Rhode Island when they converted to the Anglican Church in 1727. They adopted a lavish English lifestyle and funded it by selling off tribal land. By the 1760s, land sales were a massive problem, and the anti-sachem party began trying to put a halt to them. Narragansetts with powerful connections, including former Moor’s students, appealed to Eleazar Wheelock and Sir William Johnson and, in 1767, secured a temporary halt to land sales through the intervention of NEC treasurer Andrew Oliver. The next year, Tobias and John Shattock traveled to London to appeal to the privy council for a permanent solution; however, Tobias died of smallpox, and John failed. Sachem Thomas Ninigret died in 1769, and the Tribe solved the land sales problem by abolishing the office of sachem in the 1770s. The Narragansetts continued to struggle with the state of Rhode Island after the Revolution. Rhode Island unilaterally (and illegally) dissolved the Narragansett’s tribal standing in 1880, but the Narragansetts maintained tribal structures and, as much as possible, residence on their territory. They were officially re-recognized in 1983.
Stockbridge Tribe
The Stockbridge Indians were the inhabitants of the town of Stockbridge, Massachusetts, a Christian Indian town modeled on John Eliot’s 17th-century “praying towns” (Indian towns where the inhabitants lived an Anglicized life style). Established in 1734, Stockbridge was composed of Mahicans, Housatonics, Wappingers, and Esopus (at the end of the 18th century, the Stockbridge Indians also adopted many New Jersey Delaware). The Stockbridge Indians had close ties to the Brothertown Nation, a composite tribe of Algonquian Indians from around the Long Island Sound which was organized by alumni of Moor’s Indian Charity School. The town played host to a series of famous missionaries and ministers, including John Sergeant Sr., Gideon Hawley, Jonathan Edwards, and John Sergeant Jr. (Sergeant Sr. established a boarding school at Stockbridge that provided the model for Eleazar Wheelock’s Moor’s Indian Charity School.) Eventually, the problems that the Stockbridge Indians encountered with white families who owned land in their town (most notably the Williams family) convinced them of the dangers of white land expansion and influenced their later land policies. In 1785, the Stockbridge Indians relocated to a tract of land in Oneida territory adjacent to the Brothertown settlement. (During the Revolution, Stockbridge played host to displaced Brothertown and Oneida Indians who had fled central New York. These ties were extremely influential in the decision to relocate.) They called their town New Stockbridge. By the turn of the 19th century, land pressures again overwhelmed the Brothertown and Stockbridge Indians and, along with many Oneida, they sought land in the west where they could attempt to escape white expansion.
Baptists/Seventh Day Baptists
The Baptists were a dissenter sect that became especially popular in New England after the First Great Awakening. They diverged from Protestant belief mainly in insisting that only believers should be baptized, and that it should be done by immersion in water and not by sprinkling or pouring water, but they represented the most radical of the radical New Lights and were known for lay preaching and personal spirituality. Wheelock and most of his former students were more moderate New Lights and opposed this sort of radical Christianity. Occom, however, had many connections with Baptist ministers in central New York. On his preaching tour in 1774, he records visiting several Baptist ministers, largely white, and speaking to large crowds, sometimes in the woods. He also records meeting with a "Seven Day Baptist" minister. The Seventh Day or Sabbatarian Baptists differ from Baptist beliefs mainly in observing the Sabbath on Saturday, in accordance with the ten commandments. Baptist belief held a strong attraction for Native peoples because it protected their autonomy and embraced preaching and leadership by lay people. Divides over theology became problematic at Brothertown, where Occom’s moderate sect clashed with the more Baptist sect over whether or not to lease their land to Americans. After Occom’s death, Samuel Ashpo, a Baptist Mohegan minister known for his separatism, began spending more time at Brothertown and built up a substantial Baptist congregation there.
5000 Aires

Ballston is a town in central New York state, north of Albany. The area was occupied by Mohawk Indians, who resented the appropriation of their sacred grounds by European settlers. The first settlers, the MacDonald brothers, built a homestead on the west bank of Ballston Lake in 1763. Reverend Eliphalet Ball arrived in 1770 with his three sons and members of his congregation from Bedford, NY, bought the land from the MacDonalds, named it Ball's Town, and established a Presbyterian church there in 1771. Soon, settlers arrived from other parts of New England, New Jersey, Scotland and north of Ireland. In 1774, a stockaded fort was built in Ballston, which was attacked by the British and their Indian allies from Canada in 1780 and 1781. It became a town of Albany county in 1785 and was part of the religious circuit in upstate New York in which Occom travelled.

Pitts Town
Hudson River

The Hudson River, frequently referred to as the North River in Occom Circle documents, runs 315 miles from Newcomb in upstate New York to the Long Island Sound. The Algonquin-speaking tribes that originally inhabited both sides of the river called it Mahicantuck, or river that flows both ways. In 1609, Henry Hudson, an English explorer employed by the Dutch East India Company, sailed up the river while looking for a passage to India and instead found thousands of Algonquians living in the river's valley. Hudson sailed as far north as Albany before turning back. Dutch traders settled the river’s banks and established trade in the colony that would become New Netherland. The Dutch called it Noort Rivier, or North River, by contrast to South River, the Delaware River. Only when the English began to assert their claim over the North River in the 1600s did it become commonly referred to as the Hudson River, to emphasize its "discovery" by an Englishman. The Dutch eventually ceded the river to the English in 1674 under the Treaty of Westminster, but the name North River persisted into the early 20th century. In their writings, Occom and his contemporaries refer to the Hudson as North River. Occom travelled along the North River from Mohegan to Albany during his preaching tours in the mid-1780s. Eventually, Occom sailed up North River for good, settling in New Stockbridge in 1789. Today, the name North River still refers to the section of the Hudson between New Jersey and New York City.

Boughten Kill
Block Island

Block Island, roughly 10 square miles in area and composed primarily of beaches, cliffs, and grasslands, is nine miles south of mainland Rhode Island and 18 miles north of Montauk on the eastern edge of Long Island. The Narragansett Indians, Block Island’s original inhabitants, called the island Manisses, meaning “Island of the Little God.” Perhaps because of this, the Narragansetts who occupied Block Island are sometimes referred to as Manissean Indians. The island derives its current name from Dutch explorer Adriaen Block, who sighted it in 1614. In 1636, an Englishman, Captain John Oldham, was murdered while trying to establish trade with the Narragansetts on Block Island. Henry Vane, Governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony, used Oldham’s murder as justification to seize the land. The English slaughtered 14 Narragansett warriors and burned nearly all the crops and wigwams they found on the island. From then on, the island’s Narragansetts were outnumbered by the English settlers and subject to colonial rule. Possession of Block Island passed to several private families in 1658 before being incorporated into Rhode Island as the town of New Shoreham in 1672. By 1700, the Indian population of Block Island had been reduced to about 300. During his preaching tours of New England, Occom interacted with inhabitants from Block Island, though these interactions occurred on the mainland.Although Occom’s early residence in Montauk was not far from Block Island by water, no evidence indicates that he ever visited there.

Fish Creek
New London

New London is a city located in southeastern Connecticut along an estuary of the Atlantic Ocean called Long Island Sound. The area that would become New London was inhabited by the Pequots who called it Nameaug when the Europeans arrived in North America. Pequot villages bordered Long Island Sound and the Tribe had authority over the neighboring Tribes of the Mohegans and Niantics (all Algonquian-speaking tribes). The Dutch first explored this land in 1614 and established trade with the Native peoples, but the English soon gained possession of the land east of the Hudson in the 1630s. English animosity toward their Indian neighbors led to the Pequot War (1634-38), part of which took place in the present city of New London. The Pequots lost the war and their population deteriorated due to the violence and disease. The General Court of Massachusetts granted John Winthrop possession of Pequot territory in 1644 after which it was to be opened for settlement. By 1646, which is considered the official year of its founding, New London had permanent colonial inhabitants and municipal laws, and jurisdiction was granted to the colony of Connecticut in 1647. In 1658, the inhabitants renamed the town New London after London, England. New London was the colony of Connecticut’s first trading port and was a hub of trade with the West Indies and other colonies. Though initially part of the town of New London when it was first settled by the colonists, Groton, Montville, and Waterford were each separated from New London in 1705, 1786, and 1801 respectively. Present-day Salem was also part of New London when it was settled, but in 1819, it became a separate incorporated town composed of parts of Lyme, Colchester, and Montville. Occom kept a school in New London in the winter in 1748. New London was the home of Captain Nathaniel Shaw, one of the wealthiest merchants in the area, who gave money to Occom in the 1750s for the missionary cause and also sold materials to Occom for the building of his home. However, their positive relationship ended when Shaw refused to provide supplies for Mary Occom while Occom was in England. New London served as the port from which Occom and other missionaries traveled to reach Long Island. During the American Revolution, New London’s location and its status as a seaport made it both vulnerable to invasion and integral to colonial naval operations as well as the exchange of prisoners.New London was incorporated as a city in 1784.


Charlestown is located in Washington County in southwestern Rhode Island along the Block Island sound. For thousands of years before European settlement, the area was inhabited by Native Americans who lived by hunting, fishing and agriculture. When the English dissenter, Roger Williams, fled Massachusetts Bay in 1636 and stepped ashore in what would become the Plantation of Providence, he was welcomed by Canonicus, sachem of the Narragansett Indians. From Canonicus, Williams purchased a large tract of land that included the settlement of Misquamicut, which would become the site of an English settlement named Charlestown after King Charles II. It was incorporated in 1783. After the Great Swamp Fight in which the United Colonies massacred many Narragansetts — and hunted down and killed or enslaved those who escaped — 500 survivors (from a pre-war population of 5,000) signed a 1682 peace treaty and received permission to join with the Eastern Niantic tribe, which had remained neutral throughout the war and had a small reservation near Charlestown. Settlers continued to acquire land from the Naragansetts, and by 1880, the tribe ceased to exist as a legal entity. A portion of tribal lands were returned to Narragansett ownership in 1978 by the courts and state legislation, and the tribe was officially recognized in 1983. Charlestown is the present-day headquarters of the Narragansett Tribe and the location of their reservation.

Rhode Island

Rhode Island is a U.S. state located in southern New England along the Atlantic coast. What would become Rhode Island was originally inhabited by the Narragansett, Niantic, and Wampanoag peoples, who established semi-permanent villages of longhouses. They hunted deer, fished for tautog and striped bass, grew corn, beans, pumpkin, and squash, and gathered clams, oysters, and quahogs. From the quahog shell, the Narragansett Indians made the Native American currency wampum, which bolstered their wealth among other tribes in the region. In 1636, Roger Williams founded Providence following his expulsion from the Massachusetts Bay colony for what was perceived as his radical religious beliefs. Williams advocated dealing fairly with Native Americans and purchased the lands for Providence from the Narragansett sachems Canonicus and Miantonomi. In 1644, Williams received a charter from the British Parliament incorporating the towns of Providence, Portsmouth, and Newport as Providence Plantation and guaranteeing religious liberty. A 1663 charter issued by Charles II more firmly established the colony of Rhode Island, which tolerated different religions and maintained friendly relations with Native Americans until the outbreak of King Philip's War in 1675. This conflict resulted in the destruction of many colonial towns, including Providence. The Narragansett tribe was initially skeptical of missionaries, because of their experience of English land-grabbing, and because the church in Charlestown, RI had its own homegrown minister, a Narragansett separatist named Samuel Niles. Although the Narragansett tribal council approved the mission of Joseph Fish in 1765, which met with initial success, the tribe eventually asked Fish and Edward Deake, the schoolmaster he engaged, to leave Rhode Island in favor of Native ministers and teachers. Rhode Island residents actively protested British rule over the colonies and openly agitated for war. In 1772, a number of Rhode Islanders attacked and destroyed the British ship the Gaspee, and Rhode Island was the first state to openly declare independence from Great Britain prior to the adoption of the Declaration of Independence. Between two and five percent of Rhode Island Native Americans migrated to Brothertown.

Old Saybrook

Old Saybrook is a town located in southeastern Connecticut on the west bank of the Connecticut River, where it meets the Long Island Sound. The land that would become Old Saybrook was the territory of the Niantic Indians until the late 16th century when they were conquered by the Pequots. The first Europeans to settle in the area were Dutch, but by 1623 the colony failed due to harsh conditions. In 1635, English Puritans led by John Winthrop Jr. established a colony called Saybrook Plantation, hoping to deter the return of the Dutch. During the Pequot War of 1636, the powerful Pequot tribe conducted a siege of Saybrook Fort for eight months, but their population was ultimately decimated by the effort. Yale University, originally called Collegiate School of Connecticut, was founded in Old Saybrook in 1700 and then moved to New Haven in 1718. Because of its location, Old Saybrook was a convenient stopping point for Occom on his trips between Mohegan and Montauk, on Long Island, and was a point of embarkation for travel to other coastal cities by water. At least one Native American in Old Saybrook, the son of Josiah Wolcott, wanted to attend Wheelock’s school. Old Saybrook is one of the oldest towns in the state and was incorporated in 1854.

Williams Town
Hills Deals
Occom, Samson

Samson Occom was a Mohegan leader and ordained Presbyterian minister. Occom began his public career in 1742, when he was chosen as a tribal counselor to Ben Uncas II. The following year, he sought out Eleazar Wheelock, a young Anglo-American minister in Lebanon, CT, in hopes of obtaining some education and becoming a teacher at Mohegan. Wheelock agreed to take on Occom as a student, and though Occom had anticipated staying for a few weeks or months, he remained with Wheelock for four years. Occom’s academic success inspired Wheelock to open Moor’s Indian Charity School in 1754, a project which gave him the financial and political capital to establish Dartmouth College in 1769. After his time with Wheelock, Occom embarked on a 12-year mission to the Montauk of Long Island (1749-1761). He married a Montauk woman, Mary Fowler, and served as both teacher and missionary to the Montauk and nearby Shinnecock, although he was grievously underpaid for his services. Occom conducted two brief missions to the Oneida in 1761 and 1762 before embarking on one of the defining journeys of his career: a fundraising tour of Great Britain that lasted from 1765 to 1768. During this journey, undertaken on behalf of Moor’s Indian Charity School, Occom raised £12,000 (an enormous and unanticpated amount that translates roughly to more than two-million dollars), and won wide acclaim for his preaching and comportment. Upon his return to Mohegan in 1768, Occom discovered that Wheelock had failed to adequately care for his family while he was gone. Additionally, despite the vast sums of money that he had raised, Occom found himself unemployed. Wheelock tried to find Occom a missionary position, but Occom was in poor health and disinclined to leave his family again after seeing the treatment with which they had met while he was in Britain. Occom and Wheelock’s relationship continued to sour as it became apparent to Occom that the money he had labored to raise would be going towards infrastructure at Dartmouth College, Wheelock’s new project, rather than the education of Native Americans. After the dissolution of his relationship with Wheelock, Occom became increasingly focused on the needs of the Mohegan community and increasingly vocal in criticizing Anglo-Americans’ un-Christian treatment of Native Americans. In September of 1772, he delivered his famous “Sermon on the Execution of Moses Paul,” which took Anglo-American spiritual hypocrisy as one of its major themes, and which went into four printings before the end of the year. In 1773, Occom became further disillusioned when the Mason Land Case was decided in favor of the Colony of Connecticut. The details of the Mason Case are complicated, but to summarize: the Colony of Connecticut had gained control of Mohegan land early in the 18th century under very suspect circumstances, and successfully fended off the Mohegan’s 70-year-long legal challenge. The conclusion of the case came as a blow to the Mohegans, and further convinced Occom of Anglo-American corruption. Along with David Fowler (Montauk Tribe), Occom's brother-in-law, and Joseph Johnson (Mohegan), Occom's son-in-law, Occom helped found Brothertown, an Indian tribe formed from the Christian Mohegans, Pequots, Narragansetts, Montauks, Tunxis, and Niantics. They eventually settled in Oneida country in upstate New York. Occom moved there with his family in 1789, spending the remaining years of his life serving as a minster to the Brothertown, Stockbridge, and Mohegan Indians. Harried by corrupt land agents, the Brothertown and Stockbridge groups relocated to the eastern shore of Lake Winnebago, though Occom died in 1792 before he could remove himself and his family there. Occom's writings and legacy have made him one of the best known and most eminent Native Americans of the 18th century and beyond.

Sealy, Jeremiah
White, Sanford
Hide, Hannah

Unidentified Smith.

Fowler, David

David Fowler was Jacob Fowler's older brother, Samson Occom's brother-in-law, and an important leader of the Brothertown Tribe. He came to Moor's in 1759, at age 24, and studied there until 1765. While at school, he accompanied Occom on a mission to the Six Nations in 1761. He was licensed as a school master in the 1765 mass graduation, and immediately went to the Six Nations to keep school, first at Oneida and then at Kanawalohale. Fowler saw himself as very close to Wheelock, but their relationship fragmented over the course of Fowler's mission, primarily because Wheelock wrote back to Kirkland, with whom Fowler clashed, but not to Fowler, and because Wheelock refused to reimburse Fowler for some expenses on his mission (767667.4 provides the details most clearly). Fowler went on to teach school at Montauk, and played a major role in negotiations with the Oneidas for the lands that became Brothertown. He was among the first wave of immigrants to that town, and held several important posts there until his death in 1807.

Norton, Loiss
Williams, Lwis
Hewitt, Walter
Hewitt, Richard
Tanner, Thomas
Rose, William
Schuyler, Philip John
Unknown, the General's boss
Lamb, John
Hinkley, Betsy
Deake, Edward

Edward Deake was an Anglo-American missionary and schoolmaster born in Rhode Island in 1732. After receiving reluctant approval from the Narragansett tribal council for the support of a schoolhouse and schoolmaster on Nov. 26 1765, Reverend Joseph Fish, who had been living among the Narragansetts, hired Edward Deake to serve as schoolmaster to the tribe in Charlestown, Rhode Island. Funded by the New England Company, Deake taught his students to read English, write, and cypher, following the pattern of other missionary schools for Native people in New England. Out of 151 school-aged Narragansetts, 53 students, boys and girls, attended Deake’s school. Deake regularly consulted a council of Indians for input on the best course of action for educating his students. In addition to his 24 pounds per year salary, Deake also received living quarters for himself and his family in the schoolhouse. After Tobias Shattock left for England in 1767, Deake became the main recruiter among the Narragansetts for Wheelock’s school, often corresponding with Wheelock to recommend students. But the Narragansetts, under the leadership of the charismatic Native preacher Samuel Niles, soon became disillusioned with Fish and Deake, distrusting the purpose and motivations of the school and fearing the colonial appropriation of their lands and right to self-government. In 1770, Narragansett leader John Shattock Sr. told Fish that the Narragansetts wanted Deake to leave, and attendance at Deake’s school evaporated in the next few years. Finally, on January 2, 1776, Deake requested relief from his position as schoolmaster and left soon after. There is some evidence he moved to New York state and worked as a minister. Deake died in 1794.

Paul, Christiana (née Occom)

Christiana Occom was born in 1757 in Mohegan, CT as the ninth child of Samson Occom and Mary Fowler. Christiana spent her childhood in Mohegan, where she married the Reverend Anthony Paul in 1777. The couple eventually settled in Brotherton in 1784. There, they raised at least six children, four of which Samson Occom baptized. Occom's journals tell of many joyful visits he paid to his daughter and son-in-law while on his travels. Christiana and Anthony finally left Brotherton in 1797 to settle in Lake George, NY.

Burroughs, Amos
Sergeant, Jr., John

John Sergeant Jr., like his father, served as a minister in Stockbridge, MA. In 1773, Stephen West, the minister to the Stockbridge Indians since 1757, decided to leave his post and turned over ministering duties to John Sergeant Jr. Stockbridge, MA, which John Sergeant Sr. helped establish, failed as a Christian Indian town when the Stockbridge Indians lost ownership of their land. When the Oneida Tribe offered the Stockbridgers land in central New York after the American Revolution, many of them moved to the Brothertown and New Stockbridge settlements. The Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge funded Sergeant Jr. in 1787 to continue serving as a minister to the Stockbridge Indians who moved to New York. Sergeant travelled from Stockbridge, MA, to New Stockbridge every year to serve as their minister. In 1788, the Stockbridge Indians at New Stockbridge were divided in their support for Occom or John Sergeant as the town’s minister. Mohican sachem Hendrick Aupaumut led the community members who favored Occom. According to Sergeant, 30 members of the Tribe were in favor of Occom while 50 were in favor of him (later, half of Occom’s supporters defected to Sergeant). The relationship between Sergeant and Occom was contentious, with Occom disliking Sergeant’s manner of preaching. Occom moved to Munhegunnack or New Stockbridge in 1791 and suggests in a letter that many of Sergeant’s supporters were shifting support to Occom. In his sermons, Sergeant blamed the Indians’ loss of land on what he described as their drunkenness and idleness. He suggested that the whites’ encroachment on their lands was God’s punishment for their sins. Sergeant remained the New Stockbridge minister until his death in 1824.

Yoke, Jehoiakim

Captain Jehoiakim Yoke is likely a Stockbridge Indian who enlisted with colonial forces during the American Revolution. Yoke rose through the ranks to become the Captain of a company of Indian rangers. It appears that he primarily fought on the war's western front, often against Native Americans loyal to Great Britain, and was a part of the infamous Sullivan Expedition. In response to a number of successful raids by Native allies of the British, George Washington tasked General John Sullivan with destroying Indian villages and decimating Indian food supplies in western New York. By the end of the expedition, General Sullivan’s army had destroyed more than 40 villages. A Captain Jehoiakim Yoke is mentioned in the Revolutionary War writing of David Freemoyer. In Freemoyer’s account, Captain Yoke and Freemoyer’s men were involved in conflicts with Native American troops under the command of the Mohawk leader (and Moor's alumnus) Joseph Brant. In his Revolutionary War journal, Chaplain William Rogers refers to a Captain Jehoiakim, an Indian from Stockbridge. In his entries from June of 1779, Rogers describes an incident where Native allies of the British attempted to reconnoiter the Colonial encampment but were driven away. This Captain Jehoiakim and two other Stockbridge Indians pursued the Native Americans but were unsuccessful in capturing them. William DeLoss Love writes about a Timothy Yokens, who became a captain of a company of Indian rangers. Given the similar descriptions of this Stockbridge Indian captain, it seems that the sources may be referring to the same man, with whom Occom lodged several times in 1786.

Lott, Philip
Shuneman, John
Document Summary

People identified in this document:

id Text in document Role in header Authorized Name
pers1440.ocp M r Mr. Seeley mentioned Seeley
pers1383.ocp M r Mr. Mr. Coles mentioned Cole
pers1018.ocp M r Mr. Northrops mentioned Northrop
pers1005.ocp M r Mr. Benjamin mentioned Benjamin
pers1742.ocp wife mentioned Benjamin
pers1439.ocp M r Mr. Jeremiah Sealeys mentioned Sealy, Jeremiah
pers1005.ocp M r Mr. Benjamins mentioned Benjamin
pers1386.ocp M r Mr. Cundys mentioned Cundy
pers1386.ocp M r Mr. Cundy mentioned Cundy
pers1421.ocp M r Mr. M c kinſley McKinsley mentioned McKinsley
pers1422.ocp M r Mr. Moorhouſe Moorhouse 's mentioned Moorhouse
pers1440.ocp M r Mr. Seeley's mentioned Seeley
pers1454.ocp Sanford White mentioned White, Sanford
pers1399.ocp Hannah Hide mentioned Hide, Hannah
pers0499.ocp M r Mr. Smith's mentioned Smith
pers1450.ocp M r Mr. Uni ſtead Unistead 's mentioned Unistead
pers1023.ocp M r Mr. Weeds mentioned Weed
pers1423.ocp M r Mr. Naſh Nash mentioned Nash
pers1423.ocp M r Mr. Naſhs Nashs mentioned Nash
pers1375.ocp M r Mr. Beldens mentioned Belden
pers0155.ocp Brother David mentioned Fowler, David
pers1107.ocp M r Mr. Gregorys mentioned Gregory
pers1107.ocp M r Mr. gregorys mentioned Gregory
pers1107.ocp m r gre gorys mentioned Gregory
pers1105.ocp Cap t Capt. Bel Dunnigs mentioned Dunning
pers1105.ocp Cap t Capt. Dunning mentioned Dunning
pers0703.ocp M r Mr. Taillar mentioned Taylor
pers1289.ocp Bakers mentioned Baker
pers0907.ocp M r Mr. Marſh Marsh mentioned Marsh
pers1373.ocp M r Mr. Andruſss Andruss's mentioned Andrus
pers0858.ocp M r Mr. Mille rs mentioned Miller
pers0703.ocp M r Mr. Tayler mentioned Taylor
pers1741.ocp his Sun son mentioned Taylor
pers1373.ocp M r Mr. Andruſss Andrusss mentioned Andrus
pers1289.ocp M r Mr. Bakers mentioned Baker
pers1424.ocp M rs Mrs. Norton mentioned Norton
pers1416.ocp Loiſs Loiss mentioned Norton, Loiss
pers0832.ocp M r Mr. Campels mentioned Camble
pers1121.ocp M r Mr. Powerss mentioned Powers
pers1427.ocp his wife mentioned Powers
pers1121.ocp Elder Powers mentioned Powers
pers1109.ocp M r Mr. Kalleys mentioned Kalley
pers1121.ocp M r Mr. Powers mentioned Powers
pers1109.ocp M r Mr. Kalley mentioned Kalley
pers1411.ocp his Wife mentioned Kalley
pers1406.ocp M rs Mrs. Ireiſh Irish mentioned Ireish
pers1407.ocp M r Mr. Ireſhs Irish's mentioned Iresh
pers1382.ocp M r Mr. Chatcham's mentioned Chatcham
pers1109.ocp M r Mr. Kal leys mentioned Kalley
pers1382.ocp M r Mr. Chatcham mentioned Chatcham
pers0614.ocp Cap t Capt. Wright mentioned Wright
pers1095.ocp Daughter mentioned Paul, Christiana (née Occom)
pers1090.ocp M r Mr. Begles mentioned Begle
pers1394.ocp Haukins mentioned Haukins
pers1095.ocp my Daughter mentioned Paul, Christiana (née Occom)
pers1394.ocp M r Mr. Haukinss mentioned Haukins
pers1394.ocp M r Mr. Haukins mentioned Haukins
pers1787.ocp the woman mentioned Haukins
pers0597.ocp M r Mr. williams mentioned Williams
pers1420.ocp M r Mr. M c earlys McEarly mentioned McEarly
pers1088.ocp M r Mr. Bacon mentioned Bacon
pers0614.ocp Cap t Capt. Write's mentioned Wright
pers0614.ocp Cap t Capt. Writes mentioned Wright
pers1456.ocp L w is Williams mentioned Williams, Lwis
pers0614.ocp Cap ts Capt.'s mentioned Wright
pers0614.ocp Cap ts Capt. mentioned Wright
pers1397.ocp Deacon Hewits mentioned Hewitt, Walter
pers0614.ocp M r Mr. Write mentioned Wright
pers1397.ocp Deacon Hewet mentioned Hewitt, Walter
pers1398.ocp his Son mentioned Hewitt, Richard
pers1398.ocp M r Mr. Richard Hewet mentioned Hewitt, Richard
pers1398.ocp M r Mr. Hewet mentioned Hewitt, Richard
pers1432.ocp M r Mr. Riders mentioned Rider
pers1413.ocp M r Mr. Lake mentioned Lake
pers1446.ocp M r Mr. Tanner's mentioned Tanner
pers0199.ocp M r Mr. Foſters Fosters mentioned Foster
pers1666.ocp M rs Mrs. Tanner mentioned Tanner
pers0199.ocp M r Mr. Foſter Foster mentioned Foster
pers1446.ocp M r Mr. Tanners mentioned Tanner
pers1446.ocp M r Mr. Tanner mentioned Tanner
pers1447.ocp Thomas mentioned Tanner, Thomas
pers0199.ocp M r Mr. Forſter Forster mentioned Foster
pers1667.ocp M rs Mrs. Foſter Foster mentioned Foster
pers1435.ocp M r Mr. Roſe Rose mentioned Rose
pers1436.ocp his Wife mentioned Rose
pers1412.ocp M r Mr. Kinnion's mentioned Kinnion
pers1437.ocp William mentioned Rose, William
pers1412.ocp M r Mr. Kinnion mentioned Kinnion
pers1435.ocp M r Mr. Roſes Roses mentioned Rose
pers1397.ocp M r Mr. Hewets mentioned Hewitt, Walter
pers1438.ocp General Schilers mentioned Schuyler, Philip John
pers1448.ocp M r Mr. Tom ſons Tomsons mentioned Thomson
pers1438.ocp generals Schiliers mentioned Schuyler, Philip John
pers1392.ocp generls General's Boſs boss mentioned Unknown, the General's boss
pers1438.ocp genls General's mentioned Schuyler, Philip John
pers0597.ocp M r Mr. Williams mentioned Williams
pers0614.ocp Cap t Capt. Wrights mentioned Wright
pers1668.ocp M rs Mrs. Wright mentioned Wright
pers1448.ocp Colo l Col. Tomſon Tomson 's mentioned Thomson
pers1669.ocp M r Mr. John Lambs mentioned Lamb, John
pers1448.ocp Colo Col. Tomſon Tomson mentioned Thomson
pers1401.ocp M r Mr. Holſted Holsted mentioned Holsted
pers1448.ocp Colo Col. mentioned Thomson
pers1449.ocp his Lady mentioned Thomson
pers1400.ocp Betsy Hink ly mentioned Hinkley, Betsy
pers1376.ocp M r Mr. Bigalos mentioned Bigalo
pers1426.ocp M r Mr. Porter mentioned Porter
pers1430.ocp M r Mr. Reed mentioned Reed
pers1428.ocp M r Mr. Prue mentioned Prue
pers1671.ocp M r Mr. Lathems mentioned Lathem
pers1671.ocp M r Mr. Lathem mentioned Lathem
pers1671.ocp m r Mr. Lathems mentioned Lathem
pers1740.ocp Elder Wait mentioned Wait
pers1385.ocp M r Mr. Cro ſss Cross's mentioned Cross
pers1389.ocp Downer mentioned Downer
pers1009.ocp M r Mr. Dakes Deake's mentioned Deake
pers0161.ocp M r Mr. Edward Dakes Deake's mentioned Deake, Edward
pers1385.ocp M r Mr. Croſs Cross mentioned Cross
pers1380.ocp M rs Mrs. Burnhan mentioned Burnhan
pers1381.ocp M r Mr. Amos Burroughs mentioned Burroughs, Amos
pers1445.ocp M r Mr. Swifts mentioned Swift
pers1433.ocp M rs Mrs. Robbinſon Robbinson mentioned Robinson
pers0668.ocp M r Mr. Potter mentioned Potter
pers0668.ocp Potter mentioned Potter
pers1409.ocp Esq r Esq. Jewets mentioned Jewet
pers1404.ocp M r Mr. Ingaſals Ingasals mentioned Ingasal
pers0155.ocp David Fowlers mentioned Fowler, David
pers0470.ocp M r Mr. Sajants Sergeant's mentioned Sergeant, Jr., John
pers0941.ocp Cap t Capt. Yoke mentioned Yoke, Jehoiakim
pers1396.ocp M r Mr. Heccocks mentioned Hecock
pers1396.ocp M r Mr. Hecocks mentioned Hecock
pers1410.ocp M r Mr. Jordan's mentioned Jordan
pers1410.ocp M r Mr. Jurdans mentioned Jordan
pers1410.ocp M r Mr. Jorda n mentioned Jordan
pers1414.ocp M r Mr. Latins mentioned Latin
pers1417.ocp M r Mr. Philip Lott mentioned Lott, Philip
pers1417.ocp M r Mr. Lott mentioned Lott, Philip
pers1443.ocp John Schuneman mentioned Shuneman, John

Places identified in this document:

id Text in document Authorized Name
place0429.ocp 5000 Aires 5000 Aires
place0363.ocp ball Town Ballston Ballston
place0432.ocp Gallaway Galway Galway
place0429.ocp 5000 A cr es 5000 Aires
place0363.ocp Balls Town Ballston Ballston
place0482.ocp New Town New Town
place0471.ocp StillWaters Stillwater Stillwater
place0471.ocp Still water Stillwater Stillwater
place0172.ocp the River Hudson River
place0172.ocp the river Hudson River
place0538.ocp Pitts Town Pitts Town
place0470.ocp Saratoga Saratoga
place0172.ocp North River Hudson River
place0172.ocp the River Hudson River
place0530.ocp Boughten Kill Boughten Kill
place0364.ocp Block-Island Block Island
place0531.ocp Fiſh Fish Creek Fish Creek
place0471.ocp Still Water Stillwater Stillwater
place0533.ocp Hooſuck Hoosick Hoosick
place0164.ocp New London New London
place0534.ocp Little White Creek Lainsebourgh
place0031.ocp Charles Town Charlestown
place0540.ocp Sharfburg Sharfburg
place0529.ocp Benington Benington
place0539.ocp Pownal Pownal
place0196.ocp Rhoad Rhode Isla nd Sta y te Rhode Island
place0204.ocp Seabrook Saybrook Old Saybrook
place0541.ocp Williams Town Williams Town
place0534.ocp Lainſbourgh Lainsbourgh Lainsebourgh
place0188.ocp Pitts Field Pittsfield
place0384.ocp Richmond Richmond
place0210.ocp Sheffield Sheffield
place0532.ocp Hills Deals Hills Deals
place0169.ocp Noble Town Nobletown

Organizations identified in this document:

id Text in document Authorized Name
org0124.ocp BaptiſtsBaptists Baptists/Seventh Day Baptists
org0066.ocp Indians Narragansett Tribe
org0143.ocp Dutch meeting Houſehouse Dutch Reformed Church

Dates identified in this document:

Standard Form Text
1785-12-15 ThirdsdayThursday DecrDecember 15
1785-12-16 FrydayFriday DecrDecember 16
1785-12-17 Saturday DecrDecember 17
1785-12-18 SabbSabbath DecrDecember 18
1785-12-19 Monday DecrDecember 19
1785-12-20 TueſdayTuesday DecrDecember 20
1784-12-21 WedneſdayWednesday DecrDecember 21
1785-12-22 ThirdsdayThursday DecrDecember 22
1785-12-23 FrydayFriday DecrDecember 23
1785-12-24 Saturday DecrDecember 24
1785-12-25 SabbSabbath DecrDecember 25
1785-12-26 Monday DecrDecember 26
1785-12-27 TueſdayTuesday DecrDecember 27
1785-12-28 WedneſdayWednesday DecrDecember 28
1785-12-29 ThirdsdayThursday DecrDecember 29
1785-12-30 FrydayFriday DecrDecember 30
1785-12-31 Saturday DecrDecember 31
1785-01-01 SabbSabbath JanrJanuary 1. 1786
1786-01-02 Monday, JanrJanuary 2
1785-01-03 TueſdayTuesday JanrJanuary 3
1786-01-04 WedneſdayWednesday JanrJanuary 4
1786-01-05 ThirdsdayThursday JanrJanuary 5
1786-01-06 FrydayFriday JanrJanuary 6
1786-01-07 Saturday
1786-01-08 SabbSabbath JanrJanuary 8
1786-01-09 Monday JanrJanuary 9
1786-01-10 TueſdayTuesday JanrJanuary 10
1786-01-11 WedneſdayWednesday JanrJanuary 11
1786-01-12 ThidsdayThursday JanrJanuary 12
1786-01-13 FrydayFriday JanrJanuary 13
1786-01-14 SatudSaturday JanrJanuary 14
1786-01-05 SabbSabbath JanrJanuary 15
1786-01-16 Monday JanrJanuary 16
1786-01-17 TueſdayTuesday JanrJanuary 17
1786-01-18 WedneſdayWednesday JanrJanuary 18
1786-01-19 ThirdsdayThursday JanrJanuary 19
1786-01-20 FrydayFriday JanrJanuary 20
1786-01-21 Saturday JanrJanuary 21
1786-01-22 Sabb.Sabbath JanrJanuary 22

Regularized text:

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variation Still water Stillwater
modernization Andruſss Andrusss
modernization inſiſted insisted
variation Shoud should
variation Con
variation Dind dined
modernization Mrs Mrs.
modernization Loiſs Loiss
modernization Preachd preached
variation attendence attendance
variation turnd turned
modernization Courſe course
modernization bap
modernization miniſter minister
variation extream extreme
modernization Seaſon season
variation in
variation meating meeting
variation Ireiſh Irish
variation Caried carried
variation Slay sleigh
modernization School Houſe schoolhouse
variation Croud crowd
variation Ireſhs Irish's
modernization Converſation conversation
variation paſt passed
variation Croſst crossed
variation Concented consented
variation past passed
variation livd lived
modernization goodneſs goodness
variation Stayd Stayed
variation Snowd snowed
variation Sayd said
modernization moſt most
variation perſw[above] adedaded persuaded
variation Complyd complied
modernization kindneſs kindness
modernization Mcearlys McEarly
variation Some what somewhat
modernization preſently presently
modernization Deſired desired
modernization Capts Capt.'s
variation geting getting
variation woud would
modernization Capts Capt.
modernization Praiſed praised
variation Conſecret consecrate
variation wint went
variation tryed tried
modernization Horſes horses
variation enqur[above] ee inquire
variation goining going
modernization paſt past
variation no Body nobody
modernization Foſters Fosters
modernization Foſter Foster
modernization Forſter Forster
modernization Roſe Rose
modernization preſent present
variation aqainted acquainted
modernization Roſes Roses
modernization Fiſh Fish
variation a while awhile
modernization Tom[above] ſonsſons Tomsons
modernization Houſes houses
variation Surprizd surprised
modernization Choſe chose
modernization riſe rise
variation Still Water Stillwater
variation generls General's
modernization Boſs boss
variation orderd ordered
variation genls General's
modernization Overſeers overseers
variation Negroe negro
variation takeng taking
variation whele while
variation traveld traveled
variation thro through
variation bigeſt biggest
variation miſt missed
variation Black Smith blacksmith
variation lodgd lodged
modernization Reſt rest
variation Colol Col.
modernization Tomſon Tomson
modernization Chriſtians Christians
modernization Baptiſts Baptists
variation be gan began
variation exec[above] ii[ſe | se]ſese exercise
modernization ſe se
variation obligd obliged
variation Colo Col.
modernization Holſted Holsted
modernization becauſe because
variation a gain again
variation extreamly extremely
variation a
variation Concel counsel
variation prayd prayed
modernization Eaſt East
modernization Juſt Just
modernization purpoſe purpose
variation invit invite
modernization diſtance distance
variation extreemly extremely
variation Hooſuck Hoosick
modernization pariſh parish
variation apointed appointed
modernization Yeſterday yesterday
modernization Speechleſs speechless
variation Isaaih Isaiah
variation Stopt Stopped
modernization Docr Dr.
variation Thidsday Thursday
modernization Docrs Dr.'s
variation a peared appeared
modernization goſpel gospel
modernization mr Mr.
variation litle little
variation appeard appeared
modernization Cro[illegible]ſss Cross's
modernization Baptiſt Baptist
variation Dakes Deake's
modernization Schoolmaſter schoolmaster
modernization vaſt vast
modernization Croſs Cross
modernization Chriſtian Christian
modernization Esqr Esq.
variation Tarvern tavern
variation Extreem extreme
variation Receivd received
variation Loded lodged
modernization Robbinſon Robbinson
variation Iſreal Israel
variation Sun down sundown
variation Rhoad Rhode
modernization weſt west
variation Seabrook Saybrook
variation preachd preached
variation Jon John
modernization Lainſbourgh Lainsbourgh
modernization Ingaſals Ingasals
variation Sot Set
variation Extream extreme
variation after Noon afternoon
variation Sajants Sergeant's
modernization pleaſant pleasant
variation Scaterd scattered
variation Fateagued fatigued
variation plea‐
variation thawd thawed
variation prety pretty
variation Peple people
variation Slaying sleighing
variation Extreamly extremely
variation wel well
modernization reſted rested

Expanded abbreviations:

Abbreviation Expansion
Decr December
Sabb Sabbath
Eph Ephesians
& and
Stay'd stayed
Hebak Habakkuk
Brea[above] [illegible][guess (lrb): k]k[illegible][guess (lrb): k]k breakfast
tho' though
Croni. Corinthians
M[illegible] miles
Janr January
Gene Genesis
Jerem Jeremiah
ab about
mg meeting
B breakfast
meetg meeting
Num[above] rr number
Eph. Epehsians
Bap[above] tsts Baptist
obligd obliged
Matt Matthew
m miles
m– meeting
Prov Proverbs
atten[above] nn attention
deſir[above] dd desired
Rom Romans
gathe gather
we were
H house
Psal. Psalm
dinr dinner
Sa[illegible]tud Saturday
Corin Corinthians
Dinr dinner
entertad entertained
Roam Romans
thro' through
Pub public
Sabb. Sabbath
m meeting

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Number of nested "hi" tags: (consider merging the @rend attributes, or using other tags) 0
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Mixed case attribute values in header (potential error): 0 (out of 394)
HomeSamson Occom, journal, 1785 December 15 to 1786 January 22
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