Samson Occom, Petition, to the Connecticut General Assembly, 1785


[note (type: abstract): Occom writes on behalf of five other signatories representing Mohegan and Niantic Indians, to express dismay over restrictive fishing prohibitions and to petition for their removal.][note (type: handwriting): Occom's hand is clear and legible.][note (type: paper): Single sheet is in fair condition, with moderate-to-heavy creasing, staining and wear that leads to a slight loss of text.][note (type: ink): Brown ink is somewhat faded.][note (type: noteworthy): This document appears to be a draft. An editor, likely 19th-century, has amended spellings, puncuation, etc., in dark ink. These edits occasionally obscure Occom's hand; however, the transcriber has attempted to ignore them whenever possible. The same editor has added the note "1785 by Occom &c" after the trailer; this note has not been included in the transcription.][note (type: signature): There are six signatures, all in Occom’s hand.]
  To the [moſt | most]moſtmost [Hon:l | Honourable]Hon:lHonourable general [Aſembly | Assembly]AſemblyAssembly of Connecticut[org0027.ocp] Convened  at Hartford[place0097.ocp], in may, in the Year of our Common Lord [& | and]&and  Saviour [Jeſus | Jesus]JeſusJesus Christ one [Thouſand | Thousand]ThouſandThousand Seven Hundred Eighty  and five[1785-05] Years 
Your Steady, [Cloſe | close]Cloſeclose and Faithful Friends the Tribe  of Mohegan[org0063.ocp], and the Tribe of [Nahantick | Niantic]NahantickNiantic[org0071.ocp] [Sendeth | send]Sendethsend  [greetting | greeting]greettinggreeting. —   Sincere Friends and Brethren May Talk freely  together without offence. Such we Conclude, the [Engliſh | English]EngliſhEnglish  of Connecticut[place0048.ocp], and Mohegans[org0063.ocp], and [Nahantick | Niantics]NahantickNiantics[org0071.ocp] are —  Your [Exellencies | Excellencies]ExellenciesExcellencies may well [remmember | remember]remmemberremember, that we Sent  a Memorial to the General [Aſembly | Assembly]AſemblyAssembly[org0027.ocp], held at New Haven[place0162.ocp]  last [Octor | October]OctorOctober[1784-10], [Requeſting | requesting]Requeſtingrequesting, not a [illegible][Privilledge | privilege]Privilledgeprivilege, which we  never had before, But a Protection in in our Natural  [Privillidges | privileges]Privillidgesprivileges, which the King of Heaven Gave to our [f[gap: hole][guess (h-dawnd): o]ore  Fathers | fore fathers]f[gap: hole][guess (h-dawnd): o]ore  Fathersfore fathers and to their Children forever, — When we [receiv'd | received]receiv'dreceived  an [Anſwere | answer]Anſwereanswer or Grant to our Petition, we were all amaze^[above] d^d  and [Aſtoniſhed | astonished]Aſtoniſhedastonished beyondd [Meaſure | measure]Meaſuremeasure, What? to have only  half a [Sein | seine]Seinseine allowed to M[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): o]onooya[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): u]uhegunnewuck[place0143.ocp], from  the [beſt | best]beſtbest Friends to the [leaſt | least]leaſtleast Friends — We are ready to Con clude, that the meaning [muſt | must]muſtmust be, that in Time to Come  we [muſt | must]muſtmust not have only one [Can[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): oo]oo | canoe]Can[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): oo]oocanoe, one Bow, one Hook  and Line, [among[gap: hole][guess (h-dawnd): ſt]ſt | amongst]among[gap: hole][guess (h-dawnd): ſt]ſtamongst two Tribes, and we [muſt | must]muſtmust have  Taxes [Impoſed | imposed]Impoſedimposed upon us [alſo | also]alſoalso, [&c | etc.]&cetc. [&c | etc.]&cetc.[whileſt | whilst]whileſtwhilst the Kings  Of England had authority over here they [orderd | ordered]orderdordered no Such  things upon us[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): , —], — alas where are we — if we were Slaves  under Tyrants, we [muſt | must]muſtmust have [illegible][Submitt | submit]Submittsubmit; if we were Cap tives we [muſt | must]muſtmust be Silent and if we were Strangers we  [muſt | must]muſtmust be Contented, — ^[above] or if we had [fo[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): rfeted]rfeted | forfeited]fo[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): rfeted]rfetedforfeited our Privile[illegible] at your Hands^or if we had [fo[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): rfeted]rfeted | forfeited]fo[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): rfeted]rfetedforfeited our Privile[illegible] at your Hands ^[below] by any of our [agreaments | agreements]agreamentsagreements we [Shoud | should]Shoudshould have nothing to Say^by any of our [agreaments | agreements]agreamentsagreements we [Shoud | should]Shoudshould have nothing to Say [when ever | whenever]when everwhenever we went to war [againſt | against]againſtagainst  your and our Enemies, one Bow, and ^[above] [illegible]^[illegible] Hatchet will ^[above] [woud | would]woudwould^[woud | would]woudwould  not do, for two Tribes — And what will the Various Tri[gap: hole][guess (h-dawnd): be]be[gap: worn_edge][guess (h-dawnd): s]s  of Indians, of this [Boundleſs | boundless]Boundleſsboundless Continent Say, when they  hear of this [Reſtraint | restraint]Reſtraintrestraint of Fishing upon us[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): ;]; will they  not all Cry out mmauh, mmauh, [theſe | these]theſethese are the good  that the Mohegans[org0063.ocp] ever gloried and [Boaſted | boasted]Boaſtedboasted of — Certain^[above] ly^ly  We can not Hunt [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): to]to the Public ^[above] by [fiſhing | fishing]fiſhingfishing^by [fiſhing | fishing]fiſhingfishing we never had more ^[above] than^than  [tow | two]towtwo [S[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): o]oins | seines]S[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): o]oinsseines in Mohegan[place0143.ocp] and two in [Nahantick | Niantic]NahantickNiantic[place0168.ocp] and  and many Times not one in Mohegan[place0143.ocp] for [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): 10]10 or 15 years together   
and we [fiſh | fish]fiſhfish but very little in the [Seaſon | season]Seaſonseason  We Conclude Your Excellencies [muſh | must]muſhmust have  [miſt | mist]miſtmist[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): ook]ook our [Requeſt | request]Requeſtrequest[illegible] — And therefore we [earneſtly | earnestly]earneſtlyearnestly  Pray again, that the Honorable [Aſembly | Assembly]AſemblyAssembly[org0027.ocp] [woud | would]woudwould Protect  us in our Natural [Privilledges | privileges]Privilledgesprivileges, that none may forbid  hinder, or [Reſtrain | restrain]Reſtrainrestrain us from [Fiſhing | fishing]Fiſhingfishing in any of the where  we [uſe | use]uſeuse to [fiſh | fish]fiſhfish heretofore[illegible] — This is the [earneſt | earnest]earneſtearnest Reques[gap: worn_edge][guess (h-dawnd): t]t  and [P[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): i]itition | petition]P[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): i]ititionpetition of   
your approved and True Friends   [Samſon | Samson]SamſonSamson Occom[pers0030.ocp]  Henry Quaquaquid[pers0817.ocp]  Robert Ashpo[pers0767.ocp]  Phillip [Cuiſh | Cuish]CuiſhCuish[pers0772.ocp]  [Joſeph | Joseph]JoſephJoseph Upp[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): uc]ucqui^[above] yantu[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): p]p^yantu[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): p]p[pers0824.ocp]  Isaac Upp[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): uc]ucqui[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): y]yantup[pers0790.ocp] 
Petition to the  Connecticut [Asbly | Assembly]AsblyAssembly[org0027.ocp]   
Document Summary

People identified in this document:

id Text in document Role in header Authorized Name
pers0030.ocp Samſon Samson Occom writer Occom, Samson
pers0817.ocp Henry Quaquaquid mentioned Quaquaquid, Henry
pers0767.ocp Robert Ashpo mentioned Ashpo, Robert
pers0772.ocp Phillip Cuiſh Cuish mentioned Cuish, Phillip
pers0824.ocp Joſeph Joseph Upp uc qui yantu p mentioned Uppucquiyantup, Joseph
pers0790.ocp Isaac Upp uc qui y antup mentioned Uppucquiyantup, Isaac

Places identified in this document:

id Text in document Authorized Name
place0097.ocp Hartford Hartford
place0048.ocp Connecticut Connecticut
place0162.ocp New Haven New Haven
place0143.ocp M o nooya u hegunnewuck Mohegan
place0143.ocp Mohegan Mohegan
place0168.ocp Nahantick Niantic Niantic

Organizations identified in this document:

id Text in document Authorized Name
org0027.ocp general AſemblyAssembly of Connecticut Colony of Connecticut
org0063.ocp Tribe of Mohegan Mohegan Tribe
org0071.ocp Tribe of NahantickNiantic Niantic Tribe
org0063.ocp Mohegans Mohegan Tribe
org0071.ocp NahantickNiantics Niantic Tribe
org0027.ocp General AſemblyAssembly Colony of Connecticut
org0027.ocp Honorable AſemblyAssembly Colony of Connecticut
org0027.ocp Connecticut AsblyAssembly Colony of Connecticut

Dates identified in this document:

Standard Form Text
1785-05 may, in the Year of our Common Lord &and Saviour JeſusJesus Christ one ThouſandThousand Seven Hundred Eighty and five
1784-10 last OctorOctober

Regularized text:

Type Original Regularized
modernization moſt most
variation Aſembly Assembly
modernization Jeſus Jesus
modernization Thouſand Thousand
modernization Cloſe close
variation Nahantick Niantic
variation Sendeth send
variation greetting greeting
modernization Engliſh English
variation Nahantick Niantics
variation Exellencies Excellencies
variation remmember remember
modernization Requeſting requesting
variation Privilledge privilege
variation Privillidges privileges
variation f[gap: hole][guess (h-dawnd): o]ore  Fathers fore fathers
variation Anſwere answer
modernization Aſtoniſhed astonished
modernization Meaſure measure
variation Sein seine
modernization beſt best
modernization leaſt least
modernization muſt must
variation Can[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): oo]oo canoe
modernization among[gap: hole][guess (h-dawnd): ſt]ſt amongst
modernization Impoſed imposed
modernization alſo also
modernization &c etc.
variation whileſt whilst
variation orderd ordered
variation Submitt submit
variation fo[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): rfeted]rfeted forfeited
variation agreaments agreements
variation Shoud should
variation when ever whenever
modernization againſt against
variation woud would
modernization Boundleſs boundless
modernization Reſtraint restraint
modernization theſe these
modernization Boaſted boasted
modernization fiſhing fishing
variation tow two
variation S[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): o]oins seines
modernization fiſh fish
modernization Seaſon season
modernization miſt mist
modernization Requeſt request
modernization earneſtly earnestly
variation Privilledges privileges
modernization Reſtrain restrain
modernization Fiſhing fishing
modernization uſe use
modernization earneſt earnest
variation P[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): i]itition petition
modernization Samſon Samson
modernization Cuiſh Cuish
modernization Joſeph Joseph

Expanded abbreviations:

Abbreviation Expansion
Hon:l Honourable
& and
Octor October
receiv'd received
Asbly Assembly

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Summary of errors found in this document:

Number of dates with invalid 'when' attributes: 0
Number of nested "hi" tags: (consider merging the @rend attributes, or using other tags) 0
Number of tags with invalid 'rend' attributes: 0 (out of 4)
Number of people/places/organizations with unknown keys: 0 (out of 22)
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