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Joseph Johnson, letter, to Eleazar Wheelock, 1775 February 14

ms-number: 775164

[note (type: abstract): Johnson asks Wheelock to recommend him to John Rodgers so that the latter can petition for donations on Johnson’s behalf.][note (type: handwriting): Handwriting is somewhat scratchy, though largely clear and legible. Letter case is occasionally difficult to decipher.][note (type: paper): Large single sheet is in fair conditon, with moderate-to-heavy creasing, staining and wear. There is no loss of text, though the condition of the paper occasionally renders it difficult to distinguish between punctuation and spotting.][note (type: ink): Brown-black.][note (type: noteworthy): Some of the contents of this letter are similar to those in manuscript 775165. The trailer is written in Wheelock's hand, as are some random notes in the right-hand margin of one verso.]
[Opener]

My kind and worthy Benefactor
with humility, Love and
Gratitude I sit [my ſelf | myself]my ſelfmyself down to write few lines to you my
[Hondd | Honoured]HonddHonoured Patron. (and with much [hast | haste]hasthaste. —) I [recieved | received]recievedreceived your kind
Letter, dated January [23,d | 23rd]23,d23rd[1775-01-23] last evening by the hand of [M.r | Mr.]M.rMr.
[R. | Ralph]R.Ralph [Pomery | Pomeroy]PomeryPomeroy[pers0433.ocp]
. for which I give you my hearty thanks, I had
thought that your worthy [Perſon | person]Perſonperson had not [deſigned | designed]deſigneddesigned to write to me.
or that you had heard [ſomething | something]ſomethingsomething, and did not [ſee | see]ſeesee it in your
way to help me. and I was greatly dejected, and [almoſt | almost]almoſtalmost [diſ­
­couraged | dis
couraged]
diſ­
­couraged
dis
couraged
. but the Lord in whom I trust, whom I fear, Love,
and [purpoſe | purpose]purpoſepurpose to Serve all my days, hath been [pleaſed | pleased]pleaſedpleased to [mani­
­feſt | mani
fest]
mani­
­feſt
mani
fest
his approbation, (towards the Noble Undertaking, in
which [cauſe | cause]cauſecause, I have given up my all, to bring [above] itit about,) in his
[provoiding | providing]provoidingproviding for my relief in a [wonderfull | wonderful]wonderfullwonderful manner, even when
I was in the greatest straits and [almoſt | almost]almoſtalmost in [Deſpair | despair]Deſpairdespair. — and
[Bleſsed | blessed]Bleſsedblessed be the Name of the God of [Iſrael | Israel]IſraelIsrael, who hath never
been found [Unfaithfull | unfaithful]Unfaithfullunfaithful, or unkind. who will provide for
[thoſe | those]thoſethose that doth really depend upon his Divine Beneficence.
[Revd | Rev.]RevdRev., [& | and]&and kind Sir; I have been to New York[place0308.ocp], and the Lord
hath [raiſed | raised]raiſedraised up, for me good Christian friends. — I was
in the City[place0308.ocp] 15, Days. and I preached there three [diffi­
­rent | diffe
rent]
diffi­
­rent
diffe
rent
DTimes. and a Collection was [propoſed | proposed]propoſedproposed for my relief
and Encouragement two [Diffirent | different]Diffirentdifferent times. and there was a
very honorable Collection made, worthy of the Generous, and
Noble Spirit, of the Wealthy Inhabitants of that renowned
City[place0308.ocp]
. for which [kindneſs | kindness]kindneſskindness I [bleſs | bless]bleſsbless the Lord daily. —
I had Sufficient Collected for me, to discharge all my
debts, and [alſo | also]alſoalso to [purchaſe | purchase]purchaſepurchase [above] thingsthings [neceſsary | necessary]neceſsarynecessary for my [preſent | present]preſentpresent [Sub­
­ſiſtance | sub
sistance]
Sub­
­ſiſtance
sub
sistance
. namely little [proviſion | provision]proviſionprovision. — I did not go to New
[­york | York]­york York[place0308.ocp]
[untill | until]untilluntil I was quite discouraged waiting for the
[anſwer | answer]anſweranswers to the Letter I [ſent | sent]ſentsent to your worthy [perſon | person]perſonperson. —
I believe that I [ſhall | shall]ſhallshall have encouragement, the [enſuing | ensuing]enſuingensuing year
or [Seaſon | season]Seaſonseason, from the Board of New York, or Philadelphia[org0102.ocp], I am
not certain howe[illegible]ver, the [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. Rodgers. D.D.[pers0640.ocp] [illegible][guess (cassandrah): in]inA [Pracher | preacher]Pracherpreacher
in the [Preſbeterian | Presbyterian]PreſbeterianPresbyterian [above] old Southold South Meeting [houſe | house]houſehouse[place0302.ocp] is a Member of that
Honorable Board[org0102.ocp], who is remarkably friendly. to whom
I humbly, and [earneſtly | earnestly]earneſtlyearnestly, [deſire | desire]deſiredesire you would write [ſoon | soon]ſoonsoon
as [poſsible | possible]poſsiblepossible, if your worthy [Perſon | person]Perſonperson can recommend me. to
him, and make him believe that you think that I am worthy [above] of noticeof notice
[illegible][guess (cassandrah): or]orand [deſerving | deserving]deſervingdeserving of Encouragement, I [ſhould | should]ſhouldshould be [illegible]Exceeding
glad. he believes Me to be worthy[above] [Deſerving | deserving]Deſervingdeserving[Deſerving | deserving]Deſervingdeserving of Encouragement. I
preached for him three times. and he was very [deſireous | desirous]deſireousdesirous
of helping me. but he thought proper, that [ſomething | something]ſomethingsomething
Should be had from thee: a Recommendation. — he [ſeems | seems]ſeemsseems
to think if proper Steps be taken. he can obtain for my
help, [illegible][guess (cassandrah): ob]ob Encouragement — fifty Pound Sterling Per Annum.
befriend me, if you [ſee | see]ſeesee it in your way. —

My loving Patron, I want all help that a poor well
[diſpoſed | disposed]diſpoſeddisposed Creature can [deſire | desire]deſiredesire. I am empty handed. I have
no [purſe | purse]purſepurse neither have I any thing to put in one, if I
had a [purſe | purse]purſepurse. — [nevertheleſs | nevertheless]nevertheleſsnevertheless I will step forward. — and
Stagger not. — I am [Satisfyed | satisfied]Satisfyedsatisfied it is [beſt | best]beſtbest for me to know
and ever bear upon my mind that my [dependance | dependence]dependancedependence is
upon the Lord [a lone | alone]a lonealone. — O that I may ever live like a
poor [Dependant | dependent]Dependantdependent Creature. — having my Eyes, and heart
fixed on the Lord. —
I Shall write to my friends in New York[place0308.ocp] directly.
and I [deſire | desire]deſiredesire again that you would not fail to write for
the Honorable Board[org0102.ocp] of which I made Mention will
[ſet | set]ſetset, or meet together by the first of April[1775-04-01]. when the
[Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [Doctr | Dr.]DoctrDr. Ro[illegible]dgers[pers0640.ocp] will peti[illegible]tion for me. — and he will
do it with double Courage if he has few lines from you.
I know not the Gentlemans Christian Name. but he
[promiſed | promised]promiſedpromised to write to you, and [deſired | desired]deſireddesired me to write [alſo | also]alſoalso.
but if he has not wrote the [sureſt | surest]sureſtsurest way would be
to Send a Letter to [M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. James [Lazly | Lesley]LazlyLesley[pers0326.ocp], my old [Maſter | master]Maſtermaster,
who lives in the City of New York[place0308.ocp]. keeping a School there.
and [incloſe | enclose]incloſeenclose [Doctr | Dr.]DoctrDr. Rodgers[pers0640.ocp]'s Letter [therin | therein]therintherein. be [ſo | so]ſoso good as
to write full, and get as much help for me as ever
you can from that quarter. or from that Board[org0102.ocp] of
which [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Rodgers[pers0640.ocp] is a Member.. [&c | etc.]&cetc.: —
 I am [pleaſed | pleased]pleaſedpleased to [ſee | see]ſeesee the Indians in [theſe | these]theſethese parts [ſo | so]ſoso
engaged. I believe that there will be upwards of
Sixty young Indian [illegible]men from the Seven Tribes
that will [Sit of | set off]Sit ofset off from hence by the [13th | 13th]13th13th of March
next[1775-03-13]
. to be [deſtinguished | distinguished]deſtinguisheddistinguished as noble Spirited Indians, who
will do their [uttermoſt | uttermost]uttermoſtuttermost to get good, and do good, —
who will [diſtinguish | distinguish]diſtinguishdistinguish [themſelves | themselves]themſelvesthemselves from the [illegible][guess (cassandrah): [lazzy | lazy]lazzylazy][lazzy | lazy]lazzylazy
[Lazzy | lazy]Lazzylazy crew that [refuſes | refuses]refuſesrefuses the good offers made to
them in these Latter Days. — Pray for us. that
we may obtain [bleſsings | blessings]bleſsingsblessings from on high. and that we
might be [bleſsings | blessings]bleſsingsblessings on Earth. [bleſsings | blessings]bleſsingsblessings to one another
and [bleſsings | blessings]bleſsingsblessings to many of our Poor [Weſtern | Western]WeſternWestern Brethren
who are [periſhing | perishing]periſhingperishing for lack of knowledge. O pray for
me in a more particular Manner. that the Lord would
[bleſs | bless]bleſsbless me by implanting his divine fear in my heart
and in giving me true humility and [Stedfaſtneſs | steadfastness]Stedfaſtneſssteadfastness in
the ways of Religion, that he would give me grace
Sufficient for me. [&c | etc.]&cetc.: — I [purpoſe | purpose]purpoſepurpose by divine leave
to be at your [Reſidence | residence]Reſidenceresidence by next Commencement.
with my friend [Joſeph | Joseph]JoſephJoseph [Briant | Brant]BriantBrant[pers0093.ocp].

[Closer]
I am your humble
Pupil, and real [wellwiſher | well wisher]wellwiſherwell wisher
in great [haſt | haste]haſthaste. —
[Joſeph | Joseph]JoſephJoseph [Johnſon | Johnson]JohnſonJohnson[pers0288.ocp]. —
[Trailer]
[right] [Fr. | From]Fr.From [M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. [Jos. | Joseph]Jos.Joseph [Johnſon | Johnson]JohnſonJohnson[pers0288.ocp][Fr. | From]Fr.From [M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. [Jos. | Joseph]Jos.Joseph [Johnſon | Johnson]JohnſonJohnson[pers0288.ocp]
 [right] [Feb.y | February]Feb.yFebruary 17. 1775[1775-02-17].[Feb.y | February]Feb.yFebruary 17. 1775[1775-02-17].
[right] 25 Dollars £7,,10,25 Dollars £7,,10,
[right] 4 Crowns — 1,, 6,, 84 Crowns — 1,, 6,, 8
 [right] 11..611..6

[below] To the [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [Eleazer | Eleazar]EleazerEleazar Wheelock, D.D.[pers0036.ocp]To the [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [Eleazer | Eleazar]EleazerEleazar Wheelock, D.D.[pers0036.ocp]
 [below] and [Preſident | President]PreſidentPresident of Dartmouth College[org0037.ocp]. —and [Preſident | President]PreſidentPresident of Dartmouth College[org0037.ocp]. —
Synod of New York and Philadelphia
The Synod of New York and Philadelphia was the governing body of the Presbyterian Church in the mid-Atlantic region, including New York and New England. It worked closely with other Presbyterian organizations in the region, including the New York (and, after 1769, New Jersey) Board of the Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge, and the College of New Jersey. Like those organizations, the Synod was a potential source of funding for missionaries involved in Indian ministry, although it tended to support primarily Presbyterian efforts (e.g., John Brainerd’s long ministry among the Delaware). For a period of time, the New York and Pennsylvania synods existed independently. In 1745, the Presbyteries of New York, New Brunswick, and Newcastle split from the Synod of Philadelphia over tensions resulting from the First Great Awakening, a transatlantic evangelical movement that spanned roughly 1734 until 1742. As within the Congregationalist church, the major points of contention were focused on 1) itinerant ministry and 2) qualifications for new ministers (namely, whether a college degree or demonstration of new birth was more important in a minister). The two synods reunified in 1758 as the Synod of New York and Philadelphia, although the member presbyteries continued to disagree over many of the same issues. The fact that these disagreements continued may be why writers often refer to the Synod of New York or the Synod of Philadelphia in letters from the 1760s and 1770s, even though the two synods were nominally reunified.
Dartmouth College
Dartmouth College is small liberal arts institution in Hanover, New Hampshire. It has about four thousand undergraduate students taking courses in Arts and Sciences, and another two thousand in graduate schools in the Sciences, Comparative Literature, and Liberal Studies, as well as the Geisel School of Medicine, the Thayer School of Engineering, and the Tuck School of Business. It is a member of the Ivy League, and the ninth oldest institution of higher learning in the U.S. The charter establishing the College was signed in 1769 by John Wentworth, Royal Governor of New Hamsphire, who wanted an academy of higher learning in the colony. Its founder, Eleazar Wheelock, was a Congregational minister from Connecticut who, after his success in educating Samson Occom as a school teacher and Indian missionary in the 1740's, started Moor's Indian Charity School in 1754 to continue what he regarded as a divine mission to educate Native boys and girls to become missionaries. As the school grew, Wheelock began looking for a new location closer to Indian Country where he could expand. But in the 1760's he became disillusioned by the relative failure of his progam and began turning his attention to the education of Anglo-American men as missionaries. After a protracted search, he secured the royal charter in New Hampshire and in 1769 moved his family and base of operations to Hanover, where he established the College. It is named for William Legge, 2nd Earl of Dartmouth, who contributed to the funds raised by Occom and Whitaker on their fund-raising tour of Great Britain in 1766-68 and became a member of the London Trust that administered those funds. The College's charter announced its purpose as "the education and instruction of youth of the Indian tribes in this land [in] all parts of learning which shall appear necessary and expedient for civilizing and christianizing children of pagans…, and also of English youth and any others." But Wheelock's priorities were, in reality, the reverse. While he gave public notice in 1770 that "My Indian charity school … is now become a body corporate and politic, under the name of DARTMOUTH COLLEGE," he created this parallel structure to allow him to use the funds that were collected specifically for the education of Indians. Only around 75 Native students enrolled at the College before 1972, when it rededicated itself to educating Indians and established the Native American Studies Program. This is also the year Dartmouth went co-ed. Occom was angry and embittered at Wheelock’s abandonment of his “great design,” for which he had sacrificed so much. Their relations cooled after Occom’s return from England, and he never visited his mentor again, or, for that matter, Dartmouth College.
Mohegan

Mohegan is a village in southeastern Connecticut at the site of the present-day town of Montville, and is the location of the Mohegan Indian Reservation. The village gets its name from the Mohegan Tribe, or wolf people, who split from the Pequots in the early 17th century under the leadership of the sachem Uncas. In the 1720s, the Mohegans requested the colony of Connecticut provide them with an English educator. An English minister and schoolteacher named John Mason (no relation to Captain John Mason) moved to Mohegan in order to provide English-styled education to the Mohegans, convinced his sponsors, the New England Company, to build a schoolhouse at Mohegan, which eventually served as a boarding school for other Native American children from the surrounding area. During the 17th century, the Mohegan Tribe became embroiled in a complicated controversy over control of Mohegan land — known as the Mason Land Case or, more specifically, Mohegan Indians v. Connecticut — that included the village of Mohegan. The Tribe claimed that it never authorized a transfer of their lands, held in trust by the Mason family, to the colonial government. In 1662, the colony of Connecticut was incorporated by a royal charter, which included the disputed tribal land. The land controversy was revived in 1704 when descendants of John Mason, the original trustee, petitioned the Crown on behalf of the Mohegans, but the suit was finally decided against the Tribe in 1773. Born in Mohegan, Occom became involved in the Mason Land Case and vehemently argued for the rights of the Mohegan Indians to maintain their land, opposing Eleazar Wheelock and other ministers in the area. Although Occom left Mohegan for a 12-year mission with the Montauk Indians of Long Island, he returned at the end of 1763 with his large family to build a house in Mohegan, establishing it as his base of operations. Even after the creation of the Brothertown settlement in Oneida country, for which he served as minister, Occom continued to commute back and forth from Mohegan; he didn't sell his house in Mohegan and move his family to Brothertown until 1789. Many members of his family remained in Mohegan, including his sister Lucy Tantaquidgeon, who lived there until her death at 99 in 1830.

New York City
Philadelphia
Old South Meeting House
Johnson, Joseph

Joseph Johnson was a Mohegan who studied at Moor’s Indian Charity School and became one of the most important organizers of the Brothertown Movement (a composite tribe composed of Christian members of seven Southern New England Algonquian settlements). He was a prolific writer and his papers are relatively well-preserved. Johnson’s writing is especially noteworthy for his skillful use of Biblical allusion and his awareness of the contradiction that he, as an educated Native American, presented to white colonists. Johnson arrived at Moor’s in 1758, when he was seven years old, and studied there until 1766, when he became David Fowler’s usher at Kanawalohale. He continued teaching in Oneida territory until the end of 1768, when Samuel Kirkland sent him home in disgrace for drunkeness and bad behavior. After a stint teaching at Providence, Rhode Island, and working on a whaling ship, Johnson returned to Mohegan in 1771 and became a zealous Christian. He opened a school at Farmington, CT, in 1772, for which he seems to have received some minimal support from the New England Company. From his base at Farmington, he began organizing Southern New England Algonquians for the Brothertown project. The goal was to purchase land from the Oneidas, the most Christianized of the Six Nations, and form a Christian Indian town incorporating Algonquian and Anglo-American elements. Johnson spent the rest of his short life garnering necessary support and legal clearance for the Brothertown project. Johnson died sometime between June 10, 1776 and May 1777, at 25 or 26 years old, six or seven years before Brothertown was definitively established in 1783. He was married to Tabitha Occom, one of Samson Occom’s daughters. She lived at Mohegan with their children even after Brothertown’s founding, and none of their children settled at Brothertown permanently. Like most of Wheelock’s successful Native American students, Johnson found that he could not satisfy his teacher's contradictory standards for Native Americans. Although Johnson's 1768 dismissal created a hiatus in their relationship, Johnson reopened contact with Wheelock after his re-conversion to a degree that other former students, such as Samson Occom, David Fowler, and Hezekiah Calvin, never did.

Wheelock, Eleazar

Eleazar Wheelock was a New Light Congregationalist minister who founded Dartmouth College. He was born into a very typical Congregationalist family, and began studying at Yale in 1729, where he fell in with the emerging New Light clique. The evangelical network that he built in college propelled him to fame as an itinerant minister during the First Great Awakening and gave him many of the contacts that he later drew on to support his charity school for Native Americans. Wheelock’s time as an itinerant minister indirectly brought about his charity school. When the Colony of Connecticut retroactively punished itinerant preaching in 1743, Wheelock was among those who lost his salary. Thus, in 1743, he began operating a grammar school to support himself. He was joined that December by Samson Occom, a Mohegan Indian, who sought out an education in hopes of becoming a teacher among his people. Occom’s academic success inspired Wheelock to train Native Americans as missionaries. To that end, he opened Moor’s Indian Charity School in 1754 (where he continued to train Anglo-American students who paid their own way as well as students who functionally indentured themselves to Wheelock as missionaries in exchange for an education). Between 1754 and 1769, when he relocated to New Hampshire, Wheelock trained approximately 60 male and female Native American students from nearby Algonquian tribes and from the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) of central New York. At the same time, he navigated the complicated politics of missionary societies by setting up his own board of the Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge, although he continued to feud with the Boston Board of the SSPCK and the London Commissioners in Boston (more colloquially called the New England Company). By the late 1760s, Wheelock had become disillusioned with the idea of Native American education. He was increasingly convinced that educating Native Americans was futile (several of his students had failed to conform to his confusing and contradictory standards), and, in late 1768, he lost his connection to the Haudenosaunee. With his inclination and ability to sponsor Native American missionaries largely depleted, Wheelock sought instead to fulfill his ultimate ambition of obtaining a charter and opening a college, which he did in 1769. To fund this new enterprise, Wheelock drew on the £12,000 that Samson Occom had raised for Moor’s Indian Charity School during a two-and-a-half year tour of Great Britain (1765 to 1768). Much of this money went towards clearing land and erecting buildings in New Hampshire for the Charity School’s relocation — infrastructure that also happened to benefit Dartmouth. Many of Wheelock’s contemporaries were outraged by what they saw as misuse of the money, as it was clear that Dartmouth College was not intended for Indians and that Moor’s had become a side project. Although Wheelock tried to maintain at least some commitment to Native American education by recruiting students from Canadian communities, the move did a great deal of damage to his public image. The last decade of Wheelock’s life was not easy. In addition to the problems of trying to set up a college far away from any Anglo-American urban center, Wheelock experienced the loss of relationships with two of his most famous and successful students, Samson Occom and Samuel Kirkland (an Anglo-American protégé). He also went into debt for Dartmouth College, especially after the fund raised in Britain was exhausted.

Pomeroy, Ralph

Ralph Pomeroy was the son of Rev. Benjamin Pomeroy and Abigail Wheelock and the nephew of Eleazar Wheelock. Although he was not as involved in Wheelock's mission as his father, he still had close ties to Moor's Indian Charity School. After graduating from the College of New Jersey in 1758 (unlike his brother Josiah, Ralph did not attend Moor's), he was the master at Moor's for a year. Following this tenure, he studied law and became, in effect, Wheelock's lawyer on retainer. During the war, Ralph was a paymaster in the Continental Army. He remained involved in state politics, acting as State Controller after the war. Ralph appears in a letter from Brainerd to Wheelock on March 23, 1757, quoted in McCallum, about a religious revival at the College of New Jersey.

Lesley, James
Brant, Joseph

Joseph Brant studied briefly with Wheelock and went on to be a very influential Mohawk leader. He was born into a prominent Mohawk family, and his connections only improved when his sister, Molly, began a long-lasting relationship with Sir William Johnson. Brant came to study with Wheelock in 1761. He played the part of a model pupil, as he was already partially assimilated and took to his studies quickly. Wheelock had high hopes for him, but in 1763, Brant visited Mohawk country with CJ Smith and never returned. This was likely a result of Johnson's increasing desire to promote only Anglican missionary efforts, as Brant seems to have harbored no ill-will towards Wheelock: Calloway hypothesizes that Brant's influence protected Dartmouth during the Revolution, and in 1800 Brant sent two of his sons to Moor's Indian Charity School. After leaving Wheelock, Brant went on to accumulate influence both as a British civil servant and Mohawk leader (historians debate how much genuine power and influence he had among the Mohawks and Six Nations more generally). The British government employed him as an interpreter, and in 1775, he visited England to argue for Mohawk interests. During the Revolution, he remained loyal to the British and encouraged other tribes to do the same. After the Revolution, when the British abandoned Indian land interests, he battled militarily and politically for Native land rights. Culturally, Brant was very much a pro-assimilation Anglican. He translated the Gospel of Mark, as well as other religious documents, into Mohawk, and lived a generally anglicized lifestyle, although he criticized what he saw as severe moral failings in white society.

Document Summary

People identified in this document:

id Text in document Role in header Authorized Name
pers0433.ocp M. r Mr. R. Ralph Pomery Pomeroy mentioned Pomeroy, Ralph
pers0640.ocp Rev d Rev. M. r Mr. Rodgers. D.D. mentioned Rodgers
pers0640.ocp Rev d Rev. Doct r Dr. Ro dgers mentioned Rodgers
pers0326.ocp M. r Mr. James Lazly Lesley mentioned Lesley, James
pers0640.ocp Doct r Dr. Rodgers mentioned Rodgers
pers0640.ocp M r Mr. Rodgers mentioned Rodgers
pers0093.ocp Joſeph Joseph Briant Brant mentioned Brant, Joseph
pers0288.ocp Joſeph Joseph Johnſon Johnson writer Johnson, Joseph
pers0288.ocp M. r Mr. Jos. Joseph Johnſon Johnson writer Johnson, Joseph
pers0036.ocp Rev d Rev. Eleazer Eleazar Wheelock, D.D. recipient Wheelock, Eleazar

Places identified in this document:

id Text in document Authorized Name
place0143.ocp Mohegan Mohegan
place0308.ocp New York New York City
place0308.ocp the City New York City
place0308.ocp that renowned City New York City
place0308.ocp New ­york York New York City
place0302.ocp old South Meeting houſe house Old South Meeting House
place0308.ocp City of New York New York City

Organizations identified in this document:

id Text in document Authorized Name
org0102.ocp Board of New York, or Philadelphia Synod of New York and Philadelphia
org0102.ocp Honorable Board Synod of New York and Philadelphia
org0102.ocp that Board Synod of New York and Philadelphia
org0037.ocp Dartmouth College Dartmouth College

Dates identified in this document:

Standard Form Text
1775-02-14 February 14th.14th AD 1775
1775-01-23 January 23,d23rd
1775-04-01 first of April
1775-03-13 13th13th of March next
1775-02-17 Feb.yFebruary 17. 1775

Regularized text:

Type Original Regularized
modernization 14th. 14th
variation my ſelf myself
variation hast haste
variation recieved received
modernization 23,d 23rd
modernization M.r Mr.
variation Pomery Pomeroy
modernization Perſon person
modernization deſigned designed
modernization ſomething something
modernization ſee see
modernization almoſt almost
modernization diſ­
­couraged
dis
couraged
modernization purpoſe purpose
modernization pleaſed pleased
modernization mani­
­feſt
mani
fest
modernization cauſe cause
variation provoiding providing
variation wonderfull wonderful
modernization Deſpair despair
modernization Bleſsed blessed
modernization Iſrael Israel
variation Unfaithfull unfaithful
modernization thoſe those
modernization Revd Rev.
modernization raiſed raised
variation diffi­
­rent
diffe
rent
modernization propoſed proposed
variation Diffirent different
modernization kindneſs kindness
modernization bleſs bless
modernization alſo also
modernization purchaſe purchase
modernization neceſsary necessary
modernization preſent present
modernization Sub­
­ſiſtance
sub
sistance
modernization proviſion provision
variation ­york York
variation untill until
modernization anſwer answer
modernization ſent sent
modernization perſon person
modernization ſhall shall
modernization enſuing ensuing
modernization Seaſon season
variation Pracher preacher
variation Preſbeterian Presbyterian
modernization houſe house
modernization earneſtly earnestly
modernization deſire desire
modernization ſoon soon
modernization poſsible possible
modernization deſerving deserving
modernization ſhould should
modernization Deſerving deserving
variation deſireous desirous
modernization ſeems seems
modernization diſpoſed disposed
modernization purſe purse
modernization nevertheleſs nevertheless
variation Satisfyed satisfied
modernization beſt best
variation dependance dependence
variation a lone alone
variation Dependant dependent
modernization ſet set
modernization Doctr Dr.
modernization promiſed promised
modernization deſired desired
modernization sureſt surest
variation Lazly Lesley
modernization Maſter master
variation incloſe enclose
variation therin therein
modernization ſo so
modernization Mr Mr.
modernization &c etc.
modernization theſe these
variation Sit of set off
modernization 13th 13th
variation deſtinguished distinguished
modernization uttermoſt uttermost
modernization diſtinguish distinguish
modernization themſelves themselves
variation lazzy lazy
variation Lazzy lazy
modernization refuſes refuses
modernization bleſsings blessings
modernization Weſtern Western
modernization periſhing perishing
variation Stedfaſtneſs steadfastness
modernization Reſidence residence
modernization Joſeph Joseph
variation Briant Brant
variation wellwiſher well wisher
variation haſt haste
modernization Johnſon Johnson
variation Eleazer Eleazar
modernization Preſident President

Expanded abbreviations:

Abbreviation Expansion
Hondd Honoured
R. Ralph
& and
Fr. From
Jos. Joseph
Feb.y February

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HomeJoseph Johnson, letter, to Eleazar Wheelock, 1775 February 14
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