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Samson Occom, journal, 1774 December 19 to 1775 February 9

ms-number: 774672.3

[note (type: abstract): Occom's journal describes his travels as an itinerant preacher during the period from December 19, 1774, to February 9, 1775.][note (type: handwriting): Occom's hand is small but consistently clear and legible. As is common with Occom, there are several uncrossed t's and crossed l's; these have been corrected by the transcriber.][note (type: paper): Several small sheets folded into a booklet and bound with thread or twine are in good-to-fair condition, with light-to-moderate staining and wear. One recto/verso is heavily damaged, which results in a significant loss of text.][note (type: ink): Brown ink varies in intensity throughout.][note (type: noteworthy): Although the missing text on one recto/verso makes it difficult to tell for certain, the "Indian Town" mentioned on one recto is likely Farmington[place0074.ocp]. On four recto, it is uncertain to where Occom refers when he mentions the "Indian Place." Illegible person and place names have not been tagged. An editor, likely 19th-century, has overwritten several letters, words and phrases, as well as punctuation. These edits have not been transcribed.]
[gap: tear]
[gap: tear] River
[gap: tear]Some Time: I [reachd | reached]reachdreached
[gap: tear] [illegible]
[gap: tear] kept Sabbath at this
[gap: faded] [Preachd | Preached]PreachdPreached at m[gap: faded]
[gap: faded] to a tronged A[gap: faded]
[gap: faded] very [gap: faded][guess (h-dawnd): [pleaſent | pleasant]pleaſentpleasant][pleaſent | pleasant]pleaſentpleasant Day

Monday [Decr | December]DecrDecember 19[1774-12-19]:

left the place
about 10 [gap: faded] and [illegible] my way, and
it was a Dreadful Storm of
Rain and [illegible] in it all
[gap: faded] Farmingtown[place0074.ocp] got
[gap: faded] before Sun Set
[gap: faded] very wet Lodged at E[gap: faded]h[gap: faded]

[Dec.r | December]Dec.rDecember 20[1774-12-20]

[gap: faded] at the Place
[gap: faded]
[gap: tear]
hig[gap: tear]od [gap: tear]
a g[gap: tear]

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday [Decr | December]DecrDecember 21[1774-12-21]:

[gap: tear]
Indian Town about [gap: tear] the
morning, and it w[gap: tear] Cold;
towards Night [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped a[gap: tear][guess (h-dawnd): t]t one [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
Wiard[pers0870.ocp]
's and the People were urg[above] entent
to have me Stay [till | 'til]till'til next Day and
give them a [Diſcourſe | Discourse]DiſcourſeDiscourse and I [Com
plyd | complied]
Com
plyd
complied; that Night it [Snowd | snowed]Snowdsnowed very
hard, all Night— —

[Thirdſday | Thursday]ThirdſdayThursday [Decr | December]DecrDecember 22[1774-12-22]

it [Snowd | snowed]Snowdsnowed
Still Yet a great Number of People
Came together at the [apointed | appointed]apointedappointed Time
after meeting went home with one
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Weſt | West]WeſtWest[pers0569.ocp]. Seven Day [Baptiſt | Baptist]BaptiſtBaptist[org0124.ocp] Preacher.
a godly man I believe a very
meek and humble man and
well reported by his Neighbours,
his wife[pers1777.ocp] is a Moravian woman
by [Profeſsion | Profession]ProfeſsionProfession a Pious woman by
[gap: tear] with
them, this Night

[Fryday | Friday]FrydayFriday [Dec[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): r]r | December]Dec[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): r]rDecember 23[1774-12-23]

was with
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [weſt | West]weſtWest[pers0569.ocp] all Day Lodged with
them again —

Saturday [Decemr | December]DecemrDecember 24[1774-12-24]:

as this is
their Sabbath So the People got
together for meeting at their [Uſu
al | Usu
al]
Uſu
al
Usu
al
Hour and I [preachd | preached]preachdpreached to them
as Soon as I had done [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. green[pers0631.ocp]
[preachd | preached]preachdpreached, a Short [Diſcourſe | Discourse]DiſcourſeDiscourse, and
after meeting, I went back to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
Wiard[pers0870.ocp]
s and [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged there—

Monday[above] SabbathSabbath [Decem | December]DecemDecember 25[1774-12-25]:

People got
together about 11: a great [Numbr | number]Numbrnumber
and I [preachd | preached]preachdpreached to them twice in
the evening went to [M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. Mecham[pers0857.ocp]s
my good old Friend, he Came from
[Weſterly | Westerly]WeſterlyWesterly[place0619.ocp] and [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged there I was
very Poorly this Night I was Trou
bled with a [Diſorder | disorder]Diſorderdisorder in my Bow
els very much — —

Monday [Decem | December]DecemDecember 26[1774-12-26]:

was very Com
fortable this morning my [Diſorder | disorder]Diſorderdisorder
was gone, about 10 went to [Hering[above] ‐ton‐ton | Herington]Hering[above] ‐ton‐tonHerington[place0339.ocp]
Meeting [Houſe | House]HouſeHouse [Calld | called]Calldcalled on one [illegible]
from there went to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Wooddroff | Woodroff]WooddroffWoodroff[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): 's]'s[pers0873.ocp],
and there put up my [Horſe | horse]Horſehorse at
and went to meeting Preached to
a large [aſsemble | assembly]aſsembleassembly, and the People
attended with great Solemnity —
in the evening went to See [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
Batholomew[pers0830.ocp]
the old [miniſter | minister]miniſterminister of the
Place he has [layd | laid]laydlaid down Preaching
by [reaſon | reason]reaſonreason of Infirmities, he Seem
ed to be a good [ſort | sort]ſortsort of a man— [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged
with [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Wooddroff | Woodroff]WooddroffWoodroff[pers0873.ocp]

[Tueſday | Tuesday]TueſdayTuesday [Decer | December]DecerDecember 27[1774-12-27]

after Breakfast wen[above] tt
on my Journey, [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped at [Letchfield | Litchfield]LetchfieldLitchfield[place0127.ocp] a
few minutes [Juſt | just]Juſtjust to eat at a Tavern
and then [Sot | set]Sotset off again, and directed
my [Courſe | course]Courſecourse towards New Milford[place0348.ocp]; [reachd | reached]reachdreached
the Place [Juſt | just]Juſtjust before night. [Calld | called]Calldcalled on
one [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Balwin | Baldwin]BalwinBaldwin[pers1761.ocp] and Tarried there
all night, and appointed a meeting
10 [o:c | o'clock]o:co'clock for the next Day, this Night
we had a Terrible Storm of Snow —

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday [Decemr | December]DecemrDecember 28[1774-12-28]:

Storm Conti
nued very Hard Yet we went to meet
ing and there was a [Conſiderable | Considerable]ConſiderableConsiderable Num
ber of People, went to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Tallor | Taylor]TallorTaylor[pers0703.ocp]s the
[miniſter | minister]miniſterminister of the Place and was very
kindly and tenderly [entertaind | entertained]entertaindentertained

[Thirdsday | Thursday]ThirdsdayThursday [Decr 29 | December]Decr 29December[1774-12-29]:

went with
[M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. [Tallor | Taylor]TallorTaylor[pers0703.ocp] to attend upon a Lecture
which [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Ta[above] [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): y]y[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): y]yllor | Taylor]Ta[above] [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): y]y[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): y]yllorTaylor[pers0703.ocp] had appointed Some
Days before [a bout | about]a boutabout 7 miles South from
the Town, I [preachd | preached]preachdpreached, and there
was a Number of People got toge‐
ther, [Conſidering | considering]Conſideringconsidering the Deep Snow; after
Service, the people were very urgen[gap: faded][guess (h-dawnd): t]t
to have another meeting in the even
ing, and I [Conſented | consented]Conſentedconsented, and So [preachd | preached]preachdpreached
again; and we had very Solemn
meeting, the people in general
were greatly affected — after mee[above] tt
[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): ing]ing went home with one [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Hitchcoc[above] kk[pers0849.ocp]
and [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged there, I believe the man
and his wife[pers1778.ocp] were true [Chriſtians | Christians]ChriſtiansChristians,
[Sot | sat]Sotsat up [till | 'til]till'til late and then went to
Bed qui[above] eetly [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Ta[above] [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): y]y[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): y]yllor | Taylor]Ta[above] [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): y]y[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): y]yllorTaylor[pers0703.ocp] went home
this evening and I [deſird | desired]deſirddesired [above] himhim to Send
word to New [Preſton | Preston]PreſtonPreston[place0349.ocp], that I [woud | would]woudwould
be there on the next Day and give
them a Short [Diſcourſe | discourse]Diſcourſediscourse towards
evening,

[Fryday | Friday]FrydayFriday Janr [above] [Decr | December]DecrDecember[Decr | December]DecrDecember 29[1774-12-29]:

after Breakfast
[returnd | returned]returndreturned to [N. | New]N.New Milford[place0348.ocp] got about 12
and found [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Tayl[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): a]ar[pers0703.ocp] had not Sent
word to [N | New]NNew [Preſton | Preston]PreſtonPreston[place0349.ocp], and I [Past | passed]Pastpassed by
as Soon as [Coud | could]Coudcould, one Deacon Hoge
kins[pers0850.ocp]
[accompanyd | accompanied]accompanydaccompanied me, and we got
there a little before [Sun Set | sunset]Sun Setsunset, and
they gave notice to the People, and
begun our Meeting in the evening
and there was a great Number of
People, and they attended well,
as Soon as the meeting was done we
went back again to New Milford[place0348.ocp]
This Night Lodged with one [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
Camble[pers0832.ocp]
a [Seperate | Separate]SeperateSeparate [Miniſter | Minister]MiniſterMinister and
a very man I believe, — — —

Saturday [Decr | December]DecrDecember 31[1774-12-31]

had a meeting
at one Deacon [Balwin | Baldwin]BalwinBaldwin[pers1761.ocp]s, among
the [Seperates | Separates]SeperatesSeparates[org0136.ocp], had a Comfortable
meeting, after meeting went into
Town, [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged at Mr Taylor[pers0703.ocp], —

[Sabb | Sabbath]SabbSabbath [Decemr | December]DecemrDecember [above] [Janr | January]JanrJanuary[Janr | January]JanrJanuary 31[1775-01-01]

Preach at the
Place all Day to amazing Num
ber of People —
[Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Hynds | Hinds]HyndsHinds[pers0848.ocp] [whoſe | whose]whoſewhose wife[pers1779.ocp]
is a very good woman, was very
kindly [entertaind | entertained]entertaindentertained, this evening
two young women Came to me
under great Concern of Soul and
I gave them a word of advice
and [Coun[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): c]cel | counsel]Coun[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): c]celcounsel

Monday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 2[1775-01-02]

left New Milford[place0348.ocp]
early in the morning and went
on to New fairfield[place0347.ocp] got there about
10 [o:c | o'clock]o:co'clock Call in at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Sill[pers0863.ocp]s the
[Miniſter | Minister]MiniſterMinister of the Place a few [minue[above] testes | minutes]minue[above] testesminutes
and then went to meeting, [preachd | preached]preachdpreached
to a large Number of People, after
meeting went to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Sill[pers0863.ocp]s and [Dind | dined]Dinddined
and Soon after Dinner left the
Place and went on towards
Kint[place0342.ocp] [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Sill[pers0863.ocp] went with me, went
[thro | through]throthrough Pe[illegible]ſ[illegible]ttokook, [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped a few
Minutes at the Indian Place
but there was no Indians at home
[Scarſely | scarcely]Scarſelyscarcely, and So we [paſt | passed]paſtpassed on, got
to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Bodwell[pers0831.ocp] about 7 in the [eveng | evening]evengevening
and they Sent word all round that
Night to have a meeting next
Day about 10 in the morning

[Tueſday | Tuesday]TueſdayTuesday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 3[1775-01-03]:

went to [meetg | meeting]meetgmeeting
about 10 and had a great
Number of People to Preach to
and the People attended with
great Solemnity and affecti
on, after meeting went to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
Bodwell[pers0831.ocp]
s and [Din'd | dined]Din'ddined there, and
Soon after Dinner went on my
towards 9 Partners[place0351.ocp] and got to
[Esqr | Esq.]EsqrEsq. Hopkins[pers1753.ocp]s about 7 in the
evening and [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged there —

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday Jan.r 4[1775-01-04]:

[preachd | preached]preachdpreached
at the red meeting [Houſe | House]HouſeHouse, —

[Thirdsday | Thursday]ThirdsdayThursday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 5[1775-01-05]:

[preachd | preached]preachdpreached
at a [priv[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): a]att | private]priv[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): a]attprivate [Houſe | House]HouſeHouse, in the
Place — —

[Fryday | Friday]FrydayFriday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 6[1775-01-06]:

went to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
Knibloe[pers0854.ocp]
s in [Esqr | Esq.]EsqrEsq. Hopkins[pers1753.ocp]s
[Slay | sleigh]Slaysleigh, got there before noon
about 1 went to meeting
and it was [extre[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): am]am | extreme]extre[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): am]amextreme Cold, I
[deliverd | delivered]deliverddelivered a Short [Diſcourſe | discourse]Diſcourſediscourse,
after meeting went to [mr | Mr.]mrMr.
Plat[pers0861.ocp]
's and [Dind | dined]Dinddined there, and
than went on our way Home
to [Esqr | Esq.]EsqrEsq. Hopkins[pers1753.ocp], got there
[Juſt | just]Juſtjust after [Sun Set | sunset]Sun Setsunset — — —

Saturday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 7[1775-01-07]:

was at
[Esqr | Esq.]EsqrEsq. Hopkins[pers1753.ocp] all Day —

[Sabb | Sabbath]SabbSabbath [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 8[1775-01-08]:

[preachd | preached]preachdpreached here
all Day, [jut | just]jutjust at night left
the Place and went over
the Mountain to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Wood[pers0872.ocp]'s
[Weeting | meeting]Weetingmeeting [Houſe | House]HouſeHouse, and [preachd | preached]preachdpreached
there, and it was [extre[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): eam]eam | extreme]extre[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): eam]eamextreme
Cold, went home with [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
Fowler[pers0842.ocp]
in his [Slay | sleigh]Slaysleigh and
[Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged there — — — —

Monday [Jan r | January]Jan rJanuary 9[1775-01-09]:

left [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Fowler[pers0842.ocp]s early
in the morning and went on towards
[Pleaſent | Pleasant]PleaſentPleasant [Vally | Valley]VallyValley[place0355.ocp], Got to [mr | Mr.]mrMr. [Caſe | Case]CaſeCase[pers0833.ocp]'s before
Night, [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Caſe | Case]CaſeCase[pers0833.ocp] was not at Home
in the evening he Came Home
and we had a Joyful meeting he
and his Family were very well,
and his People [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged there —

[Tueſday | Tuesday]TueſdayTuesday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 10[1775-01-10]:

towards evening
went to the Hollow and [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Caſe | Case]CaſeCase[pers0833.ocp] went
with me I [preachd | preached]preachdpreached at the [Houſe | House]HouſeHouse of one
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Struit[pers0865.ocp], a Young Dutchman who
is under great Conviction of Soul
we had a great Number of People and
very Solemn meeting we had, — —

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 11[1775-01-11]:

we went 8: or 9
miles [Northweſt ward | northwestward]Northweſt wardnorthwestward to one [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Saml | Samuel]SamlSamuel
Smith[pers0864.ocp]
s and [preachd | preached]preachdpreached there in the [eveg | evening]evegevening
to a Crowd of People, and they attended
[e[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): c]ceeding | exceeding]e[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): c]ceedingexceeding well — [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged in the Same
[Houſe | house]Houſehouse one [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. ward[pers0868.ocp] brought [heither | hither]heitherhither
in his [Slay | sleigh]Slaysleigh from [mr | Mr.]mrMr. [Caſe | Case]CaſeCase[pers0833.ocp]'s —

[Thirdsday | Thursday]ThirdsdayThursday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 12[1775-01-12]:

went off very
early in the Morning towards States
bourough[place0545.ocp]
got there about 10 in the
morning put up at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Struit[pers0865.ocp]s young
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Struit[pers0865.ocp]
brought [above] usus here, [mr | Mr.]mrMr. Ham[pers0846.ocp]
Came with us in the [after noon | afternoon]after noonafternoon about
1 began a meeting, there was not a grea[above] tt
Number of People at this time they
Came by [miſtake | mistake]miſtakemistake the meeting
was appointed at evening, —
in the evening a great Number
Came together, and I gave them
another [Diſcource | discourse]Diſcourcediscourse, the People here
are Chiefly Dutch, and I found
Some excellent [Chriſtians | Christians]ChriſtiansChristians [amongſt | amongst]amongſtamongst
[Lodg'd | lodged]Lodg'dlodged at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Struit[pers0865.ocp]s [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): T]T

[Fryday | Friday]FrydayFriday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 13[1775-01-13]:

[Sot | Set]SotSet off very
early in the morning towards
[Pleaſent | Pleasant]PleaſentPleasant Valley[place0355.ocp], for we had
appointed meeting there at 1
[o'c | o'clock]o'co'clock this Day, got there [juſt | just]juſtjust a
bout meeting Time, and there
was a great Number of People
I [preachd | preached]preachdpreached, — after meeting I
went with one [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Newcom[pers0859.ocp] a [Bap
tiſt | Bap
tist]
Bap
tiſt
Bap
tist
[org0124.ocp]
Brother, a man of great Riches
was very kindly [entertaind | entertained]entertaindentertained, [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged
here, with much [Satiſfaction | satisfaction]Satiſfactionsatisfaction

Saturday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 14[1775-01-14]:

this morning
I made [uſe | use]uſeuse of my Printed Notes or
Christian Cards — [illegible] about
11 I [walkd | walked]walkdwalked Down to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Caſe | Case]CaſeCase[pers0833.ocp]'s
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Newcom[pers0859.ocp] went with me,
Spent [illegible] the [reſt | rest]reſtrest of the Day
with [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Caſe | Case]CaſeCase[pers0833.ocp], he is quite a
Clever Sort of a man —

[Sab | Sabbath]SabSabbath: [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 15[1775-01-15]:

[preachd | preached]preachdpreached at
the place again to a [vaſt | vast]vaſtvast
Crowd of People, and we had
a very Solemn meeting many
were brought to Floods of Tears
[illegible][illegible] it was
a Sacrament with the People
and I Join the People it was
a Comfortable [Seaſon | Season]SeaſonSeason, — as Soon
as the service was over we
went to a Place [Calld | called]Calldcalled [Oswago | Oswego]OswagoOswego[place0256.ocp]
about 6 miles off, got there
in the [Duſk | dusk]Duſkdusk of the evening
found a prodigious Number
of People, [preachd | preached]preachdpreached to them,
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Caſe | Case]CaſeCase[pers0833.ocp] made the last Prayer
I [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged with one [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Plat[pers0861.ocp]

: Monday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 16[1775-01-16]:

went to a
nother part of [Oswago | Oswego]OswagoOswego[place0256.ocp] about
7 miles off, to a Baptist meet
ing [Houſe | House]HouſeHouse[org0124.ocp]
, meeting began [abot | about]abotabout
1 in the afternoon, and there
was a great multitude of
People of all Sorts and Deno
minations, the greater part
of the People [Cou'd | could]Cou'dcould not get in
to the [Houſe | House]HouſeHouse, and we had a
Solemn meeting — as Soon as
the meeting was done we went to
wards [Poughkeepsy | Poughkeepsie]PoughkeepsyPoughkeepsie[place0191.ocp], and had a
meeting in the evening at one
[Capt | Capt.]CaptCapt. Hagman[pers0845.ocp]s and had a pro
digious great Number of People
and the People attended with much
affection —

Monday [Tueſday | Tuesday]TueſdayTuesday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 17[1775-01-17]:

early
in the morning went on to [Pough
keepſy | Pough
keepsie]
Pough
keepſy
Pough
keepsie
[place0191.ocp]
and [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped a Little while at
a [publick | public]publickpublic [Houſe | House]HouſeHouse, and So [paſt | passed]paſtpassed by
and went on towards the Ferry
about four miles Down the River
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Caſe | Case]CaſeCase[pers0833.ocp] and [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Ward[pers0868.ocp] went with
me about a mile out the Town
and there took leave of me each
other in [Friendſhip | friendship]Friendſhipfriendship — and I wen[above] tt
to the Ferry, there met with mag
major Durgee[pers0840.ocp] of Norwich[place0174.ocp] in
his return Home from [Suſqueha
nah | Susquehan
na]
Suſqueha
nah
Susquehan
na
[place0360.ocp]
, got over before [Sun Set | sunset]Sun Setsunset [& | and]&and
went Down to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Debois[pers1496.ocp]'s and
[Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged there Found them all
well except his wife[pers1780.ocp], they were
very glad to See me, and [receivd | received]receivdreceived
with all [kindneſs | kindness]kindneſskindness — —

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 18[1775-01-18]:

after [Break
faſt | break
fast]
Break
faſt
break
fast
went Down to New [Windſor | Windsor]WindſorWindsor[place0350.ocp] [Calld | called]Calldcalled
on [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Luml Co[illegible]ling[pers1096.ocp] and [alſo | also]alſoalso one
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Cl[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): ea]eark | Clark]Cl[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): ea]earkClark[pers0129.ocp] my old friends and ac
quaintances they were [extree[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): m]mly | extremely]extree[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): m]mlyextremely
glad to See me and [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped no more
[till | 'til]till'til I got Butter Hill[place0333.ocp] where one
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Joſeph | Joseph]JoſephJoseph Wood[pers0871.ocp] Lives he is an old
[Diſciple | disciple]Diſcipledisciple indeed, we had a joy‐
ful meeting, we had not Seen each
other in Ten Years I felt as if
I was in my Fathers [Houſe | house]Houſehouse [S[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): o]ot | Sat]S[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): o]otSat
up [till | 'til]till'til good bed Time and then
took our [Repoſe | repose]Repoſerepose for the Night

[Thirdſday | Thursday]ThirdſdayThursday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 19[1775-01-19]:

was at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
Wood[pers0872.ocp]
s [till | 'til]till'til towards Night, then
went to meeting at [mr | Mr.]mrMr. [Cl[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): ea]eark | Clark]Cl[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): ea]earkClark[pers0129.ocp]s
there were So many People they
[Coud | could]Coudcould not all get in, and we
had a Comfortable meeting
after meeting [returnd | returned]returndreturned Home
with [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Wood[pers0872.ocp] again and [S[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): o]ot | sat]S[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): o]otsat
up Some Time after we got Home

[Fryday | Friday]FrydayFriday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 20[1775-01-20]:

was at
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Wood[pers0872.ocp]s again [till | 'til]till'til toward Nig[above] htht
again and went to New [Windſor | Windsor]WindſorWindsor[place0350.ocp]
for Meeting had a meeting in
one of Elders [Houſe | House]HouſeHouse, [returnd | returned]returndreturned
home again with [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Wood[pers0872.ocp]s —

Saturday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 21[1775-01-21]:

left [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. wood[pers0872.ocp]s
early in the Morning and on
towards Malborough[place0343.ocp]. [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped at
New [Windſor | Windsor]WindſorWindsor[place0350.ocp] [Breakfaſted | Breakfasted]BreakfaſtedBreakfasted with
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Cloſe | Close]CloſeClose[pers0835.ocp], after [Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast wen[above] tt
on my way got to Malborough[place0343.ocp]
before Night [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Cl[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): ea]ear[above] kk | Clark]Cl[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): ea]ear[above] kkClark[pers0129.ocp]s
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Caſe | Case]CaſeCase[pers0833.ocp] the general Postmas‐
ter Brought me here in his
[Slay | sleigh]Slaysleigh from [Newborough | Newburgh]NewboroughNewburgh[place0346.ocp] he
is one of my good old Friends
here I [above] wentwent[Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged and [mr | Mr.]mrMr. [Caſe | Case]CaſeCase[pers0833.ocp] wen[above] tt
home, and [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged with him —

[Sab | Sabbath]SabSabbath [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 22[1775-01-22]:

about 10
went to the meeting [Houſe | House]HouſeHouse and
a Multitude of People Came to
meeting, and we had a Solemn
meeting in the evening went
to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Debois[pers1496.ocp]s [Houſe | House]HouſeHouse and had
a meeting there and a great
Number of People were toge‐
ther again I Baptized two
Children we had the power
of god with us many were
brought to floods of Tears —
I [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged here,

Monday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 23[1775-01-23]:

in the morning
went back again to [Newborough | Newburgh]NewboroughNewburgh[place0346.ocp]
and [preachd | preached]preachdpreached there in the Church
of England[org0024.ocp]
to a great Number of
People as Soon as the meeting was
over I went up to Malborough[place0343.ocp] [& | and]&and
[preachd | preached]preachdpreached in the School [Houſe | House]HouſeHouse to
a Crowded People and they atten
ded with affection — after [meetg | meeting]meetgmeeting
—went back to [mr | Mr.]mrMr. [Cl[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): ea]eark | Clark]Cl[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): ea]earkClark[pers0129.ocp]s and
[Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged there — —

[Tueſday | Tuesday]TueſdayTuesday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 24[1775-01-24]:

went away
early in the morning [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Cl[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): ea]eark | Clark]Cl[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): ea]earkClark[pers0129.ocp]
went with me. and [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Dayton[pers0838.ocp]
[alſo | also]alſoalso went to wards Wall Hill[place0361.ocp] got
to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Tolton[pers0866.ocp]'s about 11 where
we were to have a meeting, a
bout 12 [illegible] we begun Meeting [& | and]&and
there was a Multitude of People
I had Some freedom in Speaking
this Night [Stayd | Mr.]StaydMr. with [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Tolton[pers0866.ocp]

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 25[1775-01-25]:

Held
a meeting not far from [Mr | Mr. ]MrMr.
Tolton[pers0866.ocp]
's in a Dutch mans [H | house]Hhouse
a great number of People
came together again — —
in the evening had another
meeting not far the Place
where had a meeting in the
Day and I believe the Lord
was with us of a Truth there
was great Trembling in the
Congregation This night
[Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged with one [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Norton[pers0860.ocp]
had a long [Converſation | Conversation]ConverſationConversation with
them, [the | they]thethey were [Baptiſts | Baptists]BaptiſtsBaptists[org0124.ocp]

[Thirdsday | Thursday]ThirdsdayThursday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 26[1775-01-26]:

in the
morning went away to anothe[above] rr
place, about 6 miles off, g
where we had [apointed | appointed]apointedappointed a
meeting at a Dutch mans
[Houſe | house]Houſehouse, we got there about 11
about 12 went to meeting in
a Barn, the [Peopl | people]Peoplpeople [Crouded | crowded]Croudedcrowded
like Bees and we had a [Solem | solemn]Solemsolemn
meeting, after meeting I went
with a gentleman 2 or 3 miles
[Norward | northward]Norwardnorthward, in the evening a [Numr | number]Numrnumber
of Neighbours Came in to
meeting [tho | though]thothough we did not men‐
tion any meeting, and I gav[above] ee
a word of HExhortation
[Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged here — —

[Fryday | Friday]FrydayFriday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 27[1775-01-27]:

[Sot | Set]SotSet off in
the morning and to Blooming
grove[place0332.ocp]
, about 20 miles off got
there about 5 in the after
Noon was kindly [entertaind | entertained]entertaindentertained
by one [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Brewster[pers0095.ocp] [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged
there — —

Saturday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 28[1775-01-28]:

was at
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Brewster[pers0095.ocp]s all Day in
the evening one Hoseah[pers0851.ocp] Came
to See me he is a [multoe | mulatto]multoemulatto man
[Reckend | reckoned]Reckendreckoned a Christian man
we had Some [Converſation | Conversation]ConverſationConversation
together in Prodigious mat
ters — —

[Sab | Sabbath]SabSabbath: [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 29[1775-01-29]:

[preachd | preached]preachdpreached at the
Place to a vast [Croud | crowd]Croudcrowd of People
and I had but little [Senſe | sense]Senſesense of
Divine things, ho[illegible]e however,
the People attended with great
attention — — towards Night went
Oxford[place0352.ocp] about 4 miles off there
we had an evening meeting to
a [Crouded | crowded]Croudedcrowded Audience and I had
Some [Senſe | sense]Senſesense of [Divene | Divine]DiveneDivine things [& | and]&and
the People were much affected
I believe Lord was with us of
Truth,— [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged at Deacon Little[pers0330.ocp]'s

Monday [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 30[1775-01-30]:

in the morning
quite early I [Sot | set]Sotset off for Smiths
Clove[place0357.ocp]
Deacon Little[pers0330.ocp] accompanied
me, got the there about 10 a
bout 12 we began [Div[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): e]e | Divine]Div[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): e]eDivine Service
and there was a great multi
tude of People, and I had much free
dom in Mind and Speech and many
People were melted into floods of
Tears, as Soon as the Meeting was
done I went Down to [Murtherers | Murderers]MurtherersMurderers
Ch Creek[place0345.ocp]
got there before night
went to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Wood[pers0872.ocp]s found them all
well, in the evening went meet
ing towards the Creek, and had
Some what Solemn meeting, af
ter meeting went to the Creek
and [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged there with one [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. –][Mr | Mr.]MrMr.

[Tueſday | Tuesday]TueſdayTuesday Febru [Janr | January]JanrJanuary 31[1775-01-31]:


went off early in the morning
in order to get over the River,
[Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped a little while with [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Cloſe | Close]CloſeClose[pers0835.ocp]
at New [Windſor | Windsor]WindſorWindsor[place0350.ocp] there was no
[paſsing | passing]paſsingpassing there, and So I went to
[Newborough | Newburgh]NewboroughNewburgh[place0346.ocp], [Breakfaſted | Breakfasted]BreakfaſtedBreakfasted at
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [gap: omitted] and then went
to the ferry, about 11 went over
to [Fiſhkill | Fishkill]FiſhkillFishkill[place0338.ocp]s Side, and went one
to the Center of the Place, got to
the [Preſbyterians | Presbyterians]PreſbyteriansPresbyterians[org0133.ocp] Meeting [Houſe | House]HouſeHouse
about 3 in the [after-Noon | afternoon]after-Noonafternoon, the
People [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped me to have a [meetng | meeting]meetngmeeting
on the next Day, and I went
to one [gap: omitted] and [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged
there, and was very kindly
treated and [entertaind | entertained]entertaindentertained, —

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday: [Febr | February]FebrFebruary 1: 1775[1775-02-01]

about 11 [O:C | o'clock]O:Co'clock went to meeting
and there was a great multi
tude of People, and had a Solemn
meeting, As Soon as the meeting
was over, I went on towards the
mountains, [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged with one [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
Judge[pers0853.ocp]
— and was very kind
ly [entertaind | entertained]entertaindentertained and he [Sayd | said]Saydsaid, [yt | that]ytthat
ever I [Shoud | should]Shoudshould Come there again I
[Shoud | should]Shoudshould make his [Houſe | house]Houſehouse my Home

[Thirdsday | Thursday]ThirdsdayThursday: [Febr | February]FebrFebruary 2[1775-02-02]:

went off very
early in the morning, to a Place
[Calld | called]Calldcalled the Mills[place0344.ocp], there I had a meet
ing, begun about 12: [preachd | preached]preachdpreached
in a Barn to a vast great [Concorſ[above] ee | concourse]Concorſ[above] eeconcourse
of People, and the Power of God
was [manifeſt | manifest]manifeſtmanifest [amongſt | amongst]amongſtamongst us, there
was great [trebling | trembling]treblingtrembling among the
People after meeting went with
one [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Lawrence[pers0855.ocp] a [Baptiſt | Baptist]BaptiſtBaptist[org0124.ocp] Minis
ter he lives in the mountains, and
I [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged at his [Houſe | house]Houſehouse, —

[Fryday | Friday]FrydayFriday: [Febr | February]FebrFebruary 3[1775-02-03]:

about 12 went
to meeting, [preachd | preached]preachdpreached to Amazing Num
ber of People in the woods, and we [above] hadhad
very good meeting the Spirit of god
moved upon the people, after meet
ing went Home with Mr Lawrence[pers0855.ocp], in
the Evening [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Lawrence[pers0855.ocp] and I went
to [Capt | Capt.]CaptCapt. [Champlin | Champlen]ChamplinChamplen[pers0117.ocp]s, and we had long
and Friendly [Converſation | conversation]Converſationconversation together
in Religious Matters, [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged here this
Night, and was [extre[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): am]amly | extremely]extre[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): am]amlyextremely [we[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): ell]ell | well]we[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): ell]ellwell [uſ'd | used]uſ'dused
and entertain —

Saturday Morning [Febr | February]FebrFebruary 4[1775-02-04]:


left the Place and went over
to Dover[place0336.ocp] [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Miller[pers0858.ocp] went with
me we got to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Waldo[pers0867.ocp]s about
10: he is a [Baptiſt | Baptist]BaptiſtBaptist[org0124.ocp] [Miniſter | Minister]MiniſterMinister of
the Place, and he [receivd | received]receivdreceived me
with Brotherly [kindneſs | kindness]kindneſskindness and Love
[Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged here —

[Sabb | Sabbath]SabbSabbath [Febr | February]FebrFebruary 5[1775-02-05]

about 10 went
to meeting, and there was grea[above] tt
Number of People Got toge‐
ther, and I [preachd | preached]preachdpreached with
much freedom the People were
affected many of [ 'em | them] 'emthem, after
meeting, went Down to New
Fairfield[place0347.ocp]
, got to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Sill[pers0863.ocp]s be‐
fore Night, the meeting was
appointed at his [Houſe | house]Houſehouse, and
the People Came in So thick
there was not half Room [above] enoughenough for
them, and [juſt | just]juſtjust as we were
about to begin Divine Service
a [Meſsenger | messenger]Meſsengermessenger Came from the
meeting [Houſe | House]HouſeHouse which [above] isis a mile
off and Said there was great
Number of People got together
there, and we were [obligd | obliged]obligdobliged to
remove to the [above] [meetg | meeting]meetgmeeting[meetg | meeting]meetgmeeting [Houſe | House]HouſeHouse and when
we got there we found a great
Number of People, the [meetig | meeting]meetigmeeting
[Houſe | House]HouſeHouse was [Crouded | crowded]Croudedcrowded, and the
Lord gave me [freedome | freedom]freedomefreedom in
Speaking, after meeting
went back with [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Sill[pers0863.ocp] and
Lodged there —

Monday: [Febr | February]FebrFebruary 6[1775-02-06]:

in the morn-
ing went Down to a Town [Houſe | House]HouſeHouse
of Fairfield[place0337.ocp] and there [Preac[above] hd;hd; | preached]Preac[above] hd;hd;preached
began about 12 and there was
a great Number of People got
together and we had a Comfortable
meeting, as Soon as the [metetg | meeting]metetgmeeting
was over I went towards New
Milford[place0348.ocp]
, got there towards Nig[above] htht
[Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Hinds[pers0848.ocp]s: and
there were very urgent to have
me Stay and have a meeting
they Pled So hard it was very
hard for [above] meme to [paſs | pass]paſspass by the them,
there was one Young Convert
in particular [Intreated | entreated]Intreatedentreated with
Tears in her Eyes to have me
Stay they [pul'd | pulled]pul'dpulled very hard
upon my very Heart Strings
and it Hard work to get
[a way | away]a wayaway from them, however
I did get [a way | away]a wayaway, and went
on towards New [Preſton | Preston]PreſtonPreston[place0349.ocp], got
there Some Time in the [eveng | evening]evengevening
put up at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Cogswell | Coggswell]CogswellCoggswell[pers0836.ocp]s a
[Tarvern | tavern]Tarverntavern and he gave me my
Entertainment —

[Tueſday | Tuesday]TueſdayTuesday [Febr | February]FebrFebruary 7[1775-02-07]:

[Sot | set]Sotset [of | off]ofoff very
early in the morning, and
[reachd | reached]reachdreached to Farmington[place0074.ocp] Some
Time in the Evening, put
up at Elijah Wympy[pers0721.ocp]'s
found them all well — —

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday [Febr | February]FebrFebruary 8,[1775-02-08]

went
off very early in the morning
and Got So far as [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
Cornwell[pers0837.ocp]
s East Side of the
Connecticut River[place0050.ocp] [a bout | about]a boutabout
10 miles, I intended to have
gone further, but the Land
Lord Cornwell[pers0837.ocp] [u[above] rrgd | urged]u[above] rrgdurged to have
me Stay, and I [Conſented | consented]Conſentedconsented
at [laſt | last]laſtlast, and [preſently | presently]preſentlypresently it
was [Noiſed | noised]Noiſednoised about I was
there, and they had a Notio[below] nn
of [haveing | having]haveinghaving a meeting, and
at last I [Conſented | consented]Conſentedconsented, this
was about half an hour
after [Sun Set | sunset]Sun Setsunset, and in about
more the [Houſe | House]HouſeHouse was [Crouded | crowded]Croudedcrowded
with People. and I preached
and I had Some Freedom—
and after meeting went
to [Reſt | rest]Reſtrest quietly, —

[Thirdsday | Thursday]ThirdsdayThursday [Febr | February]FebrFebruary 9[1775-02-09]:

took
leave of [[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): 'em]'em | them][illegible][guess (h-dawnd): 'em]'emthem very early
in the morning, and on
my way, made but little
Stops by the way, [arriv'd | arrived]arriv'darrived
to my [Houſe | house]Houſehouse [Juſt | just]Juſtjust before
Night, and found all my
family in good State of
Health, — [Bleſsed | Blessed]BleſsedBlessed be the
Lord god of Heaven [& | and]&and Earth
for his [goodneſs | goodness]goodneſsgoodness to me and
to my Family, that he has
carried me out and brought

Baptists/Seventh Day Baptists
The Baptists were a dissenter sect that became especially popular in New England after the First Great Awakening. They diverged from Protestant belief mainly in insisting that only believers should be baptized, and that it should be done by immersion in water and not by sprinkling or pouring water, but they represented the most radical of the radical New Lights and were known for lay preaching and personal spirituality. Wheelock and most of his former students were more moderate New Lights and opposed this sort of radical Christianity. Occom, however, had many connections with Baptist ministers in central New York. On his preaching tour in 1774, he records visiting several Baptist ministers, largely white, and speaking to large crowds, sometimes in the woods. He also records meeting with a "Seven Day Baptist" minister. The Seventh Day or Sabbatarian Baptists differ from Baptist beliefs mainly in observing the Sabbath on Saturday, in accordance with the ten commandments. Baptist belief held a strong attraction for Native peoples because it protected their autonomy and embraced preaching and leadership by lay people. Divides over theology became problematic at Brothertown, where Occom’s moderate sect clashed with the more Baptist sect over whether or not to lease their land to Americans. After Occom’s death, Samuel Ashpo, a Baptist Mohegan minister known for his separatism, began spending more time at Brothertown and built up a substantial Baptist congregation there.
Radical New Lights/Separatists
Separatism in late 18th-century colonial New England refers to the radical New Light congregations that split off (separated) from antirevivalist churches, often called Old Lights. These separatist groups were spawned by the preaching of evangelical ministers like Englishman George Whitefield and Anglo-Americans James Davenport and Gilbert Tennent who spread their message through the British Atlantic world during a period called the First Great Awakening (1730s and 1740s). These revivals involved various groups—Baptists, Congregationalists, Moravians, Presbyterians and even Anglicans—and aided the formation of new movements such as Methodism and the Separate movement specific to New England. This movement shared elements of the Separatism of the late 16th and 17th centuries, in which dissenting Protestants in England, often called Puritans, separated from the Church of England because they felt it was not sufficiently reformed or pure. The group misnamed "the Pilgrims" who settled Plimouth Plantation in 1620 were separatists. These elements include an extemporaneous style of preaching that emphasized personal conversion and relatively unmediated spiritual experiences. In the early phase of the revival in New England, prominent conservative ministers welcomed the renewal but the revivals soon became more democratic, anti-authoritarian, and experiential. Thus, the Old Lights opposed revivals while moderate New Lights embraced the Awakening but rejected its excesses and radical practices like stirring up crowds and calling out ministers they considered unconverted. Not all New Lights were Separatists, and though they always remained a minority, many Separate churches split off from Congregational churches during the 1740s across New England; some came to sympathize with local Baptist congregations. Linford Fisher identifies a specific form of Native Separatism during this period modeled on the Anglo-American movement that retained Christian practices but eschewed conventional institutional affiliation.
Church of England
The Church of England is the governing body of the Anglican Church in Britain and the Episcopalian Church in America. In the eighteenth century, the Church of England was at odds with the “dissenting” sects that had broken off from it during the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries, including the Congregationalists and Presbyterians. The divide continued in the colonies. The southern colonies (Virginia, Carolina, etc) and New York were predominantly Anglican, while the mid-Atlantic and New England colonies were home to an assortment of dissenting sects. Wheelock and Occom both had conflicts with Episcopalians. Wheelock feuded with the Anglican Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts (SPG), a functional arm of the Church of England, over access to the Six Nations (the other important Anglican missionary organization, the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, or SPCK, was more concerned with book distribution). Meanwhile, Episcopalian ministers in America ordained their own Indian minister and sent him to England prior to Occom’s 1765 fundraising tour to distract attention away from Occom. However, this Indian spoke no English and was not a success. Once in England, Occom met with a cool reception from Anglican clergy, and Occom doubted their sympathy for the Indian cause. He wrote, "they never gave us one single brass farthing. It seems to me that they are very indifferent whether the poor Indians go to Heaven or Hell. I can’t help my thoughts; and I am apt to think they don’t want the Indians to go to Heaven with them" (quoted J. Brooks 86-87). In the broader history of Moor’s Indian Charity School, notable Anglicans include George Whitefield, the famous New Light preacher, and Sir William Johnson, the Superintendent for British Indian Affairs in the North East. Anglican influence, especially via Sir William Johnson, was a large part of the reason why the Mohawks sided with the British during the Revolution.
Presbyterian Church
The Presbyterian Church is a branch of Protestantism that traces its origins to Martin Luther, a German priest and scholar who posted a list of 95 grievances against the Roman Catholic Church on the door of Wittenberg Cathedral in 1517. Twenty years later, a French theologian living in Switzerland named John Calvin further refined this criticism into what became known as Reformed theology, which was brought to Scotland by John Knox, a Scotsman who studied with Calvin in Geneva, and then spread to England. This new theology, eventually codified in the Westminster Confession of Faith, emphasized literacy, education, and lifelong study and interpretation of the scriptures. It also advocated an ascending order of church governance beginning on the local level with the congregation, led by ministers and elders; they were ratified by the next level of governance called a presbytery (from the Greek for “elder”), which was a district court made up of representatives from individual churches. Presbyteries were governed by a synod. This system distinguished Presbyterianism from congregationalism, in which power lies with the local churches, and episcopacy, in which power lies with bishops. In 1640, a congregation in Southampton, Long Island, organized what is considered the oldest Presbyterian church in America. The eastern portion of Long Island, where Occom lived and was ordained, was largely Presbyterian and was culturally more a part of southern New England than New York, an important religious and kinship connection for both Indians and English. The Saybrook Platform, adopted by Connecticut Congregationalists in 1708, acknowledged Presbyterian polity in its creation of “consociations” of regional supervision, an influence that spread through central and western Massachusetts, and later New Hampshire, due to the trade and travel along the Connecticut River. The College of New Jersey (now Princeton), though non-denominational, was founded by a Presbyterian and disseminated those beliefs. In 1741, the Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge sent the Presbyterian missionary Azariah Horton to eastern Long Island where he met with some success until Occom arrived, and Samuel Buell, the Presbyterian minister who presided over Occom’s ordination in 1759, led the church at East Hampton, the closest English church to the Montauketts. For teaching and missionary purposes, Occom used the standard Calvinist Presbyterian and Congregational catechism, dating back to 1647. He preached at many Presbyterian churches across New England throughout his career, and in 1791 reported that the new church in New Stockbridge, near Brothertown, which he helped found, “willingly and Cheerfully adopted The Confession of Faith of the Presbyterian Church of the United States in America” (manuscript 791676).
Farmington

The Tunxis Indians first established a village on the east side of a river (now named the Farmington River) and called it Tunxis Sepus, meaning at the bend of the little river. English settlers renamed it Plantation at Tunxis in 1640, and in 1645, the Connecticut General Assembly incorporated the land, in central Connecticut, as the town of Farmington. Throughout the 18th century, the Tunxis Indians attended church and school with the settlers. In a letter to George Whitefield, Wheelock wrote of a 14-year-old Farmington Indian who demonstrated a gift for learning and knew how to read and write English, indicating that the young Indian might make a great addition to his school. At least six male students who were possibly from Farmington entered the Indian Charity School between 1761 and 1762. Also, Occom's son-in-law, Joseph Johnson, resided in and wrote a letter from Farmington prior to establishing the Brothertown settlement in upstate New York. According to Calloway, the possible Farmington students were Moses, Samuel Ashpo, Daniel Mossuck, and Jacob Fowler, Enoch Closs, Samuel Tallman. However, the letter does not indicate whether the student Wheelock mentions ever attended the school.

Herington
Litchfield

The town of Litchfield is located in central Connecticut. The land was inhabited by the Potatuck Tribe, members of the Paugussett confederacy, when the British colonists arrived in the seventeenth century. In the earliest written records, the town’s Native American name is referred to as Bantam, or alternatively Peantam, meaning "he prays" in Algonquian. The name Peantam may have derived from Christian Indians who lived in the area. In 1715, colonists John Mitchell, Joseph Minor, and John Minor purchased a 44,800 acre tract of land for fifteen pounds from the Potatucks, but a provision in the deed stipulated that the Potatucks reserve a piece of land near Mount Tom for their hunting houses. The town was incorporated in 1719 by the Colonial Assembly of Connecticut, and the name was changed to Litchfield after a market center in England. Throughout the 1720s, colonists inhabiting the town built forts and sent alerts to stave off the threat of Native American raids, but throughout the 1730s and 1740s, threats diminished and the town began to stabilize. During the American Revolution, Litchfield served as a center of patriotic activity.

New Milford

New Milford is a town in Litchfield County on the western border of Connecticut along the Housatonic River. At almost 62 square miles, it is the largest town in the state. The Weantinock Indians, a sub-group of the Paugusset Nation, lived in the area of modern-day New Milford before and during the colonial period. They farmed and fished in freshwater areas. In 1702, 14 Indians conveyed a deed of "A Certain Tract of Land called Weeantenock" to the "Proprietors of New Milford" for "Sixty pounds Current money of this Colony of Connecticut and Twenty pounds in Goods." The Weantinocks left their Fort Hill land, where they had a large settlement and a fort. In 1707 the earliest settlers arrived and began creating farms and homesteads; they petitioned and were granted the privileges of a town in 1712. Many residents fought in the colonial wars and the Revolutionary War. Occom passed through New Milford at the end of December in 1774 during a fierce snow storm, but preached to a large gathering of people.

New Preston
New Fairfield
9 Partners
Pleasant Valley
Staatsburg
Norwich

Norwich is a city in New London County in the southeast corner of Connecticut. It was founded in 1659 when Major John Mason and Reverend James Fitch led English settlers inland from Old Saybrook, CT, on the coast. They bought land from Uncas, sachem of the local Mohegan tribe, and divided it into farms and businesses mainly in the three-mile area around the Norwichtown Green. In 1668, a wharf was built at Yantic Cove and in 1694 a public landing was built at the head of the Thames River, which allowed trade with England to flourish. The center of Norwich soon moved to the neighborhood around the harbor called "Chelsea." During the revolutionary period, when transatlantic trade was cut off, Norwich developed large mills and factories along the three rivers that cross the town: the Yantic, Shetucket and Thames, and supported the war effort by supplying soldiers, ships, and munitions. Norwich was the largest town in the vicinity in which Occom, Wheelock and their associates lived and worked, and it was possible to get there by water because of the harbor and access to the Long Island Sound. Lebanon, CT, the site of Wheelock's school, is 11 miles north and present-day Uncasville, the center of the Mohegan tribe, is a few miles south of Norwich. James Fitch did missionary work among the Mohegans in Norwich until his death in 1702, and Samuel Kirkland, the most important Protestant missionary to the Six Nations trained by Wheelock, was born in Norwich in 1741. On his evangelical tour of North America in 1764, George Whitefield planned to travel to Norwich to meet with Wheelock. The Connecticut Board of Correspondents of the Scottish Society for the Propagation of Christian Knowledge frequently met in Norwich, and many letters by people involved in the missionary efforts of Wheelock were written from Norwich.

Susquehanna
New Windsor
Butter Hill
Marlborough
Newburgh

Newburgh is a city located in southeastern New York state along the Hudson River. It is also the name of an adjacent town, which was part of the city until 1865 when the city split off from the town. Before the arrival of Europeans, the area was inhabited by the Waoranek Indians, members of the Lenape Tribe of the Algonquin people. In 1684, the governor of New York bought the area that would be Newburgh, along with the land comprising New Windsor, from the Waoranek Tribe for $200, cooking pots, scissors, cloth, shoes and other domestic items. In 1752, England officially recognized the Parish of Newburgh, named after Newborough, Scotland. Newburgh served as an encampment site for many troops during the American Revolution, and the British occupation of New York City caused the population of Newburgh to swell with colonial refugees. In 1800, Newburgh was incorporated.

Wall Hill
Blooming Grove

Blooming Grove is a town in New York's Orange County, on the western bank of the Hudson River north of New York City. The area was originally inhabited by the Minisink Indians, an Algonquian-speaking part of the Lenni-Lenape Nation, before colonists pressured them to sell their lands in the 17th and 18th centuries. By 1765, only 750 Minisinks remained in Orange County. When Henry Hudson sailed up the Hudson River in 1609, he dropped anchor near what would become Cornwall, NY. Blooming Grove was an area of the town of Cornwall until 1799, when it separated to form its own town. In his journal for 1775, Occom records a visit to Blooming Grove, which had a Presbyterian Church and, thus, an interested populace, as part of his preaching tour. He stayed with John Brewster, the Cornwall town clerk, and preached to the townspeople. In another undated journal entry, Occom fondly recounts a past visit to Blooming Grove during which he gave a young girl a book, and his later encounter with this woman as an adult while visiting near Fort Hunter, NY.

Smiths Clove
Murderers Creek
the Mills
Fairfield
Connecticut River

The Connecticut River is the largest and longest in New England. It originates in northern New Hampshire, runs south through western Massachusetts and Connecticut and empties into Long Island Sound. Although Governor Wentworth offered several parcels of land in the colony of New Hampshire as potential sites for the Indian school and college, Wheelock lobbied hard to locate them in Hanover, on a parcel that bordered the Upper Connecticut River, in part because the waterway provided an important means of transportation in unsettled territory with few roads. It gave him access to western Massachusetts and Connecticut, where, in fact, many of the settlers already in the area had come up the river from Connecticut, and also provided proximity to the Canadian Indian tribes, who, after the Oneidas pulled all their children from the School in 1769, became Wheelock’s prime target for recruitment.

Poughkeepsie

Poughkeepsie is a city in New York’s Dutchess County on the eastern shore of the Hudson River, located about halfway between Albany and New York City. The area was originally inhabited by the Algonquin-speaking Wappinger Indians who named the area Apokeepsing, meaning "safe harbor." Europeans were slow to colonize the eastern bank of the Hudson, but in 1683 the expanding English presence in New York prompted a Wappinger named Massany to sign a deed granting Wappinger land to two Dutch settlers who planned to build a mill on the land. In 1687, a colonial land patent given to Thomas Sanders and Myndert Harmse superseded this deed, and Wappinger land was quickly parceled off to the Dutch and English as homesteads. Wappingers continued to inhabit the area until the mid-1700s, when disease and overcrowding forced them to migrate to Stockbridge, MA, an Indian Town to which many New England Indian tribes fled. Occom often preached in Poughkeepsie beginning in the 1760s until the end of his life, though it was to a primarily European audience. He stopped by the town while traveling between Albany and New York on a route known as the Indian Trail. Poughkeepsie was spared during the American Revolution and, as a result, it became the capital of New York in 1778, until Albany took that honor in 1797.

Occom, Samson

Samson Occom was a Mohegan leader and ordained Presbyterian minister. Occom began his public career in 1742, when he was chosen as a tribal counselor to Ben Uncas II. The following year, he sought out Eleazar Wheelock, a young Anglo-American minister in Lebanon, CT, in hopes of obtaining some education and becoming a teacher at Mohegan. Wheelock agreed to take on Occom as a student, and though Occom had anticipated staying for a few weeks or months, he remained with Wheelock for four years. Occom’s academic success inspired Wheelock to open Moor’s Indian Charity School in 1754, a project which gave him the financial and political capital to establish Dartmouth College in 1769. After his time with Wheelock, Occom embarked on a 12-year mission to the Montauk of Long Island (1749-1761). He married a Montauk woman, Mary Fowler, and served as both teacher and missionary to the Montauk and nearby Shinnecock, although he was grievously underpaid for his services. Occom conducted two brief missions to the Oneida in 1761 and 1762 before embarking on one of the defining journeys of his career: a fundraising tour of Great Britain that lasted from 1765 to 1768. During this journey, undertaken on behalf of Moor’s Indian Charity School, Occom raised £12,000 (an enormous and unanticpated amount that translates roughly to more than two-million dollars), and won wide acclaim for his preaching and comportment. Upon his return to Mohegan in 1768, Occom discovered that Wheelock had failed to adequately care for his family while he was gone. Additionally, despite the vast sums of money that he had raised, Occom found himself unemployed. Wheelock tried to find Occom a missionary position, but Occom was in poor health and disinclined to leave his family again after seeing the treatment with which they had met while he was in Britain. Occom and Wheelock’s relationship continued to sour as it became apparent to Occom that the money he had labored to raise would be going towards infrastructure at Dartmouth College, Wheelock’s new project, rather than the education of Native Americans. After the dissolution of his relationship with Wheelock, Occom became increasingly focused on the needs of the Mohegan community and increasingly vocal in criticizing Anglo-Americans’ un-Christian treatment of Native Americans. In September of 1772, he delivered his famous “Sermon on the Execution of Moses Paul,” which took Anglo-American spiritual hypocrisy as one of its major themes, and which went into four printings before the end of the year. In 1773, Occom became further disillusioned when the Mason Land Case was decided in favor of the Colony of Connecticut. The details of the Mason Case are complicated, but to summarize: the Colony of Connecticut had gained control of Mohegan land early in the 18th century under very suspect circumstances, and successfully fended off the Mohegan’s 70-year-long legal challenge. The conclusion of the case came as a blow to the Mohegans, and further convinced Occom of Anglo-American corruption. Along with David Fowler (Montauk Tribe), Occom's brother-in-law, and Joseph Johnson (Mohegan), Occom's son-in-law, Occom helped found Brothertown, an Indian tribe formed from the Christian Mohegans, Pequots, Narragansetts, Montauks, Tunxis, and Niantics. They eventually settled in Oneida country in upstate New York. Occom moved there with his family in 1789, spending the remaining years of his life serving as a minster to the Brothertown, Stockbridge, and Mohegan Indians. Harried by corrupt land agents, the Brothertown and Stockbridge groups relocated to the eastern shore of Lake Winnebago, though Occom died in 1792 before he could remove himself and his family there. Occom's writings and legacy have made him one of the best known and most eminent Native Americans of the 18th century and beyond.

Bartholomew
Baldwin, Theophilus

Theophilus Baldwin served as the Separatist Congregationalist Deacon of New Milford, Connecticut. According to Occom's journal, Occom lodged at his home and met with him on at least two occasions.

Hitchcock
Hitchcock
Smith, Samuel
Wood, Joseph
Little, Ebenezer

Ebenezer Little was a Massachusetts merchant and a supporter of Wheelock's school, who shipped goods to Wheelock and helped the design however he could. His commitment to Wheelock's Indian School was such that the Reverend Parsons mentioned it in his sermon at Little's funeral. Manuscript 764662, not included in the Occom Circle, relates to Wheelock and Little's trade relationship. Little was very involved in the Presbyterian Church at Newburyport, as well as local government.

Champlen, Nathan
Coggswell
Wympy, Elijah

Elijah Wympy was a prominent Farmington Indian who was instrumental in establishing Brothertown, yet he subsequently led a group that disregarded the primary vision of the community. In his early years he was a student at the school in Farmington, CT, and in 1757 he served in the Seven Years’ War. During negotiations around 1773 between the Oneida and New England Indians concerning a tract of land, Wympy acted as a delegate for Farmington and asked other tribes to send envoys too. The Oneidas granted the territory the following year, and in 1775 Wympy was among the first to move to what became Brothertown. He was chosen as a trustee of the town in 1785, but around this time the Oneidas attempted to reclaim the land. Accordingly, Wympy participated in the effort to maintain the territory. Fortunately, when the state of New York gained Oneida territory in 1788, it acknowledged the Christian Indians’ right to the tract as it had originally been granted; the state passed an act in 1789 that recognized the Indians’ property and instituted a 10-year limit on leases for lots. Wympy and his followers, comprised mainly of outsiders, thus leased numerous parcels, including invaluable ones, to white settlers. Occom strongly opposed this and petitioned the Assembly, which passed an act in 1791 restricting the power to lease lands to the council. While Occom and Wympy had previously been friends -- Wympy had even partaken in the movement to establish Occom as the local minister -- their disagreement on the issue of leasing Brothertown lands to whites opened a strong divide between them. Wympy apparently regretted his actions, for in 1794 he was among the signers of an address to the governor seeking to remove the whites. He remained in Brothertown until his death around 1802.

Document Summary

People identified in this document:

id Text in document Role in header Authorized Name
pers0870.ocp M r Mr. Wiard mentioned Wiard
pers0569.ocp M r Mr. Weſt West mentioned West
pers1777.ocp his wife mentioned West
pers0569.ocp M r Mr. weſt West mentioned West
pers0631.ocp M r Mr. green mentioned Green
pers0857.ocp M. r Mr. Mecham mentioned Mecham
pers0873.ocp M r Mr. Wooddroff Woodroff 's mentioned Woodroff
pers0830.ocp M r Mr. Batholomew mentioned Bartholomew
pers0873.ocp M r Mr. Wooddroff Woodroff mentioned Woodroff
pers1761.ocp M r Mr. Balwin Baldwin mentioned Baldwin, Theophilus
pers0703.ocp M r Mr. Tallor Taylor mentioned Taylor
pers0703.ocp M. r Mr. Tallor Taylor mentioned Taylor
pers0703.ocp M r Mr. Ta y llor Taylor mentioned Taylor
pers0849.ocp M r Mr. Hitchcoc k mentioned Hitchcock
pers1778.ocp his wife mentioned Hitchcock
pers0703.ocp M r Mr. Tayl a r mentioned Taylor
pers0850.ocp Deacon Hoge kins mentioned Hogekins
pers0832.ocp M r Mr. Camble mentioned Camble
pers1761.ocp Deacon Balwin Baldwin mentioned Baldwin, Theophilus
pers0703.ocp M r Taylor mentioned Taylor
pers0848.ocp M r Mr. Hynds Hinds mentioned Hinds
pers1779.ocp wife mentioned Hinds
pers0863.ocp M r Mr. Sill mentioned Sill
pers0831.ocp M r Mr. Bodwell mentioned Bodwell
pers1753.ocp Esq r Esq. Hopkins mentioned Hopkins
pers0854.ocp M r Mr. Knibloe mentioned Knibloe
pers0861.ocp m r Mr. Plat mentioned Plat
pers0872.ocp M r Mr. Wood mentioned Wood
pers0842.ocp M r Mr. Fowler mentioned Fowler
pers0833.ocp m r Mr. Caſe Case mentioned Case
pers0833.ocp M r Mr. Caſe Case mentioned Case
pers0865.ocp M r Mr. Struit mentioned Struit
pers0864.ocp M r Mr. Sam l Samuel Smith mentioned Smith, Samuel
pers0868.ocp M r Mr. ward mentioned Ward
pers0865.ocp young M r Mr. Struit mentioned Struit
pers0846.ocp m r Mr. Ham mentioned Ham
pers0859.ocp M r Mr. Newcom mentioned Newcom
pers0861.ocp M r Mr. Plat mentioned Plat
pers0845.ocp Cap t Capt. Hagman mentioned Hagman
pers0868.ocp M r Mr. Ward mentioned Ward
pers0840.ocp major Durgee mentioned Durgee
pers1496.ocp M r Mr. Debois mentioned Deboise
pers1096.ocp M r Mr. Lum l Co ling mentioned Concling
pers0129.ocp M r Mr. Cl ea rk Clark mentioned Clark
pers0871.ocp M r Mr. Joſeph Joseph Wood mentioned Wood, Joseph
pers0129.ocp m r Mr. Cl ea rk Clark mentioned Clark
pers0872.ocp M r Mr. wood mentioned Wood
pers0835.ocp M r Mr. Cloſe Close mentioned Close
pers0833.ocp m r Mr. Caſe Case mentioned Case
pers0838.ocp M r Mr. Dayton mentioned Dayton
pers0866.ocp M r Mr. Tolton mentioned Tolton
pers0860.ocp M r Mr. Norton mentioned Norton
pers0095.ocp M r Mr. Brewster mentioned Brewster
pers0851.ocp Hoseah mentioned Hoseah
pers0330.ocp Deacon Little mentioned Little, Ebenezer
pers0853.ocp M r Mr. Judge mentioned Judge
pers0855.ocp M r Mr. Lawrence mentioned Lawrence
pers0855.ocp M r Lawrence mentioned Lawrence
pers0117.ocp Cap t Capt. Champlin Champlen mentioned Champlen, Nathan
pers0858.ocp M r Mr. Miller mentioned Miller
pers0867.ocp M r Mr. Waldo mentioned Waldo
pers0848.ocp M r Mr. Hinds mentioned Hinds
pers0836.ocp M r Mr. Cogswell Coggswell mentioned Coggswell
pers0721.ocp Elijah Wympy mentioned Wympy, Elijah
pers0837.ocp M r Mr. Cornwell mentioned Cornwell
pers0837.ocp Cornwell mentioned Cornwell

Places identified in this document:

id Text in document Authorized Name
place0074.ocp Farmingtown Farmington
place0619.ocp Weſterly Westerly Westerly
place0339.ocp Hering ‐ton Herington Herington
place0127.ocp Letchfield Litchfield Litchfield
place0348.ocp New Milford New Milford
place0349.ocp New Preſton Preston New Preston
place0348.ocp N. New Milford New Milford
place0349.ocp N New Preſton Preston New Preston
place0348.ocp New Milford New Milford
place0347.ocp New fairfield New Fairfield
place0342.ocp Kint Kint
place0351.ocp 9 Partners 9 Partners
place0355.ocp Pleaſent Pleasant Vally Valley Pleasant Valley
place0545.ocp States bourough Staatsburg
place0355.ocp Pleaſent Pleasant Valley Pleasant Valley
place0256.ocp Oswago Oswego Oswego
place0191.ocp Poughkeepsy Poughkeepsie Poughkeepsie
place0191.ocp Pough keepſy Pough keepsie Poughkeepsie
place0174.ocp Norwich Norwich
place0360.ocp Suſqueha nah Susquehan na Susquehanna
place0350.ocp New Windſor Windsor New Windsor
place0333.ocp Butter Hill Butter Hill
place0343.ocp Malborough Marlborough
place0346.ocp Newborough Newburgh Newburgh
place0361.ocp Wall Hill Wall Hill
place0332.ocp Blooming grove Blooming Grove
place0352.ocp Oxford Oxford
place0357.ocp Smiths Clove Smiths Clove
place0345.ocp Murtherers Murderers Ch Creek Murderers Creek
place0338.ocp Fiſhkill Fishkill Fishkill
place0344.ocp the Mills the Mills
place0336.ocp Dover Dover
place0347.ocp New Fairfield New Fairfield
place0337.ocp Fairfield Fairfield
place0074.ocp Farmington Farmington
place0050.ocp Connecticut River Connecticut River

Organizations identified in this document:

id Text in document Authorized Name
org0124.ocp Seven Day BaptiſtBaptist Baptists/Seventh Day Baptists
org0136.ocp the SeperatesSeparates Radical New Lights/Separatists
org0124.ocp BaptiſtBaptist Baptists/Seventh Day Baptists
org0124.ocp Baptist meeting HouſeHouse Baptists/Seventh Day Baptists
org0024.ocp Church of England Church of England
org0124.ocp BaptiſtsBaptists Baptists/Seventh Day Baptists
org0133.ocp PreſbyteriansPresbyterians Presbyterian Church

Dates identified in this document:

Standard Form Text
1774-12-19 Monday DecrDecember 19
1774-12-20 Dec.rDecember 20
1774-12-21 WedneſdayWednesday DecrDecember 21
1774-12-22 ThirdſdayThursday DecrDecember 22
1774-12-23 FrydayFriday DecrDecember 23
1774-12-24 Saturday DecemrDecember 24
1774-12-25 DecemDecember 25
1774-12-26 Monday DecemDecember 26
1774-12-27 TueſdayTuesday DecerDecember 27
1774-12-28 WedneſdayWednesday DecemrDecember 28
1774-12-29 ThirdsdayThursday Decr 29December
1774-12-29 FrydayFriday Janr DecrDecember 29
1774-12-31 Saturday DecrDecember 31
1775-01-01 SabbSabbath DecemrDecember JanrJanuary 31
1775-01-02 Monday JanrJanuary 2
1775-01-03 TueſdayTuesday JanrJanuary 3
1775-01-04 WedneſdayWednesday Jan.r 4
1775-01-05 ThirdsdayThursday JanrJanuary 5
1775-01-06 FrydayFriday JanrJanuary 6
1775-01-07 Saturday JanrJanuary 7
1775-01-08 SabbSabbath JanrJanuary 8
1775-01-09 Monday Jan rJanuary 9
1775-01-10 TueſdayTuesday JanrJanuary 10
1775-01-11 WedneſdayWednesday JanrJanuary 11
1775-01-12 ThirdsdayThursday JanrJanuary 12
1775-01-13 FrydayFriday JanrJanuary 13
1775-01-14 Saturday JanrJanuary 14
1775-01-15 SabSabbath: JanrJanuary 15
1775-01-16 Monday JanrJanuary 16
1775-01-17 TueſdayTuesday JanrJanuary 17
1775-01-18 WedneſdayWednesday JanrJanuary 18
1775-01-19 ThirdſdayThursday JanrJanuary 19
1775-01-20 FrydayFriday JanrJanuary 20
1775-01-21 Saturday JanrJanuary 21
1775-01-22 SabSabbath JanrJanuary 22
1775-01-23 Monday JanrJanuary 23
1775-01-24 TueſdayTuesday JanrJanuary 24
1775-01-25 WedneſdayWednesday JanrJanuary 25
1775-01-26 ThirdsdayThursday JanrJanuary 26
1775-01-27 FrydayFriday JanrJanuary 27
1775-01-28 Saturday JanrJanuary 28
1775-01-29 SabSabbath: JanrJanuary 29
1775-01-30 Monday JanrJanuary 30
1775-01-31 TueſdayTuesday Febru JanrJanuary 31
1775-02-01 WedneſdayWednesday: FebrFebruary 1: 1775
1775-02-02 ThirdsdayThursday: FebrFebruary 2
1775-02-03 FrydayFriday: FebrFebruary 3
1775-02-04 Saturday Morning FebrFebruary 4
1775-02-05 SabbSabbath FebrFebruary 5
1775-02-06 Monday: FebrFebruary 6
1775-02-07 TueſdayTuesday FebrFebruary 7
1775-02-08 WedneſdayWednesday FebrFebruary 8,
1775-02-09 ThirdsdayThursday FebrFebruary 9

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variation priv[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): a]att private
variation Slay sleigh
variation extre[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): am]am extreme
variation deliverd delivered
modernization mr Mr.
variation extre[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): eam]eam extreme
variation Jan r January
variation Pleaſent Pleasant
variation Vally Valley
modernization Caſe Case
variation Northweſt ward northwestward
variation e[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): c]ceeding exceeding
modernization Houſe house
modernization heither hither
variation after noon afternoon
modernization miſtake mistake
modernization Diſcource discourse
modernization amongſt amongst
variation Sot Set
modernization juſt just
modernization Satiſfaction satisfaction
modernization uſe use
variation walkd walked
modernization reſt rest
modernization vaſt vast
modernization Seaſon Season
variation Oswago Oswego
modernization Duſk dusk
variation Poughkeepsy Poughkeepsie
modernization Capt Capt.
modernization Pough
keepſy
Pough
keepsie
variation publick public
modernization Friendſhip friendship
variation Suſqueha
nah
Susquehan
na
variation receivd received
modernization kindneſs kindness
modernization Break
faſt
break
fast
modernization Windſor Windsor
modernization alſo also
variation Cl[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): ea]eark Clark
variation extree[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): m]mly extremely
modernization Joſeph Joseph
modernization Diſciple disciple
variation S[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): o]ot Sat
modernization Repoſe repose
modernization Breakfaſted Breakfasted
modernization Cloſe Close
variation Newborough Newburgh
modernization Stayd Mr.
modernization Mr Mr.
modernization Converſation Conversation
variation the they
modernization Baptiſts Baptists
variation Peopl people
variation Crouded crowded
variation Solem solemn
variation Norward northward
variation tho though
variation multoe mulatto
variation Reckend reckoned
variation Croud crowd
modernization Senſe sense
variation Divene Divine
variation Murtherers Murderers
modernization paſsing passing
modernization Fiſhkill Fishkill
modernization Preſbyterians Presbyterians
variation after-Noon afternoon
variation meetng meeting
variation Sayd said
modernization yt that
variation Shoud should
variation Concorſ[above] ee concourse
modernization manifeſt manifest
variation trebling trembling
variation Champlin Champlen
modernization Converſation conversation
variation extre[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): am]amly extremely
variation we[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): ell]ell well
modernization Meſsenger messenger
variation obligd obliged
variation freedome freedom
variation Preac[above] hd;hd; preached
modernization paſs pass
variation Intreated entreated
variation a way away
variation Cogswell Coggswell
variation Tarvern tavern
variation of off
modernization laſt last
modernization preſently presently
modernization Noiſed noised
variation haveing having
modernization Reſt rest
modernization Bleſsed Blessed
modernization goodneſs goodness

Expanded abbreviations:

Abbreviation Expansion
Decr December
Dec.r December
Decemr December
Decem December
Numbr number
Decer December
o:c o'clock
Decr 29 December
N. New
N New
Sabb Sabbath
Janr January
thro through
meetg meeting
Din'd dined
Saml Samuel
eveg evening
Lodg'd lodged
o'c o'clock
Sab Sabbath
abot about
Cou'd could
& and
H house
Numr number
Div[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): e]e Divine
Febr February
O:C o'clock
uſ'd used
'em them
meetig meeting
metetg meeting
pul'd pulled
eveng evening
u[above] rrgd urged
[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): 'em]'em them
arriv'd arrived

This document's header does not contain any mixed case attribute values.

Summary of errors found in this document:

Number of dates with invalid 'when' attributes: 0
Number of nested "hi" tags: (consider merging the @rend attributes, or using other tags) 0
Number of tags with invalid 'rend' attributes: 0 (out of 154)
Number of people/places/organizations with unknown keys: 0 (out of 159)
Number of "add" tags with unknown 'place' attributes: 0 (out of 34)
Mixed case attribute values in header (potential error): 0 (out of 276)
HomeSamson Occom, journal, 1774 December 19 to 1775 February 9
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