Joseph Johnson, letter, to the Indians at Niantic, Mohegan, Groton, Stonington, Narragansett and Montauk, 1773 December 24


[note (type: abstract): On behalf of himself and six other Indian signatories, Johnson strongly urges each tribe to send a delegate to confer with the Oneidas and Sir William Johnson on the subject of lands.][note (type: handwriting): Johnson's hand is small and crowded, yet mostly formal and clear. He appears to use periods as commas. The trailer along the left edge of two verso appears to be in Occom's hand.][note (type: paper): Large sheet folded in half to make four pages is in good-to-fair condition, with light-to-moderate staining, creasing and wear.][note (type: ink): Dark-brown ink is faded in spots.][note (type: noteworthy): An editor, likely 19th-century, has added the note "Dec. 1773 from Farmington” after the trailer on two verso. This note has not been included in the transcription.][note (type: signature): The letter is signed by Johnson and six other Indians.]
  Our dear. [& | and]&and well beloved Brethren. 
we wish you all well.  your good. as well as our own. lies near at heart and we wish  you and yours the same [Proſperity | prosperity]Proſperityprosperity. as [ourſelves | ourselves]ourſelvesourselves. —  But not to be tedious in our Introduction. we will let you  know our [Deſign | design]Deſigndesign. [& | and]&and [deſire | desire]deſiredesire. in Sending to you this once more.  Our dear brethren. seeing that the time is nigh at hand. that  those [choſen | chosen]choſenchosen men. or others in [there | their]theretheir room. should go forth.  into the [Weſtern | Western]WeſternWestern Country. according to the appointment of  his Honour [Sr | Sir]SrSir William Johnson. Baronet[pers0292.ocp]. and the [deſire | desire]deſiredesire  of the [Onoida | Oneida]OnoidaOneida Indians[org0075.ocp]. We [ſay | say]ſaysay that the time is [almoſt | almost]almoſtalmost Come.  seeing then it is so nigh. we thought proper. to send to you  our dear Brethren this once more. humbly, and earnestly  [deſiring | desiring]deſiringdesiring that ye would [conſider | consider]conſiderconsider of things. and by all means  Let one out of each Town. or Tribe go up to the Mohawk Coun‐  ‐try[place0142.ocp]. what can we say more. we have [uſed | used]uſedused all proper means  yea we have been much concerned concerning you our  dear Brethren. and we are Sorry. to See. So much [Cold‐  ‐neſs | cold‐ ness]Cold‐  ‐neſscold‐ ness. [Luke warmneſs | lukewarmness]Luke warmneſslukewarmness. and [indifferency | indifference]indifferencyindifference. [amongſt | amongst]amongſtamongst you. as ye  have discovered. since last march. 1773[1773-03]. what shall we  [illegible] think of you. if ye do not send one out of Each Town. or Tribe.  Yea. what will General Johnson[pers0292.ocp] think of you. and what  will the Indians under his Special [Inſpection | inspection]Inſpectioninspection think of you,  who hath, by the Great Influence of his Honor Sir William[pers0292.ocp]  given us great. and unexpected Encouragement. We pray  you to [conſider | consider]conſiderconsider of things Seriously.
True. it is. that we are under a great disadvantage by  such a great body of Snow. which is upon the face of the Earth.  which Will hinder us. from making a proper [Obſervation | observation]Obſervationobservation  on the Land given to us. yet let not the [preſent | present]preſentpresent Snow Stop  you by no means. [tho | though]thothough we cant See the Land as we [wiſh | wish]wiſhwish  we could. yet we can [converſe | converse]converſeconverse with our [Weſtern | Western]WeſternWestern Brethren  the [Onoidas | Oneidas]OnoidasOneidas[org0075.ocp]. about the Land. yea it is highly [neceſsary | necessary]neceſsarynecessary  that we go. and talk with our [diſtant | distant]diſtantdistant friends. [illegible] and hear  for ourselves. and See how [thoſe | those]thoſethose Indians are [diſpoſed | disposed]diſpoſeddisposed [to ward | toward]to wardtoward  us. and [recieve | receive]recievereceive further orders or [adviſe | advise]adviſeadvise from our Great friend  the Honorable. Sir William [Johnſon | Johnson]JohnſonJohnson. Baronet[pers0292.ocp]. Yea we think  we could do much. by this Winters Journey. we could do [ſo | so]ſoso  much as that we need not go up again. [untill | until]untilluntil we go to Set‐  ‐tle the Land. Yea, we could have the Land Secured to us. or  rather. So much Land made over to us. and ours after us. as  the Indians will think proper. to grant us. be it more or  [Leſs | less]Leſsless. Our friednds. if ye had not Agreed to Send one out of each   
Each Tribe last Spring. we would not have Sent to you  So often. but we are hoping that ye will not be angry  with us. Seeing that we have acquainted General [Johnſon | Johnson]JohnſonJohnson[pers0292.ocp],  Several times. what we agreed last Spring. at Mohegan[place0143.ocp].  and Sir William[pers0292.ocp] doth certainly expect you. or one out  of Each Tribe by all means at this time. he told us when  we were at his [houſe | house]houſehouse[place0112.ocp]. the Indians would think Strange if  only two or three come up to the [Congreſs | Congress]CongreſsCongress. when Six, or  Seven were expected. General [Johnſon | Johnson]JohnſonJohnson[pers0292.ocp] told us. that he  had Sent a word to them Indians telling them. that one  out of Each Tribe was Coming to [Converſe | converse]Converſeconverse with them. and  they Expect us. all. by the [ | 10th] Day of January next[1774-01-10]. So how  can ye help [yourſelves | yourselves]yourſelvesyourselves. Can ye deny that ye [promiſed | promised]promiſedpromised  to Send one out of Each Tribe. must we let the World know  that we are Indians by Nature. [& | and]&and by Practice. but we  must End. [beging. | begging]beging.begging. [intreating | entreating]intreatingentreating. and humbly [beſeeching | beseeching]beſeechingbeseeching you  all Our dear Brethren to do [thoſe | those]thoſethose things which are right.  which are [praiſe Worthy | praiseworthy]praiſe Worthypraiseworthy. Do [thoſe | those]thoſethose things which become  men. do [thoſe | those]thoſethose things which become [Chriſtians | Christians]ChriſtiansChristians.
So fare you well. we [wiſh | wish]wiſhwish you well. and We expect [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): Ind]Ind  Indians at least Some young men from Each town. by  the first day of January next[1774-01-01]. Which will be on Saturday.  So on the first Monday. of January[1774-01-03] we [purpoſe | propose]purpoſepropose to Set off.  but with what face. can we go alone again. O friends we  hardly dare ^[above] to^to go alone again. [Conſider | Consider]ConſiderConsider us. [Conſider | Consider]ConſiderConsider your[ſelves | selves]ſelvesselves  [conſider | consider]conſiderconsider of General [Johnſon | Johnson]JohnſonJohnson[pers0292.ocp]. [Conſider | Consider]ConſiderConsider of the Mohawks[org0062.ocp]. [&c | etc.]&cetc.:   
thus much at [preſent | present]preſentpresent from us your Brethren at   at Farmington[place0074.ocp]. [Joſeph | Joseph]JoſephJoseph Johnson[pers0288.ocp].  Solomon [Maſsuck | Massuck]MaſsuckMassuck[pers0715.ocp]}  Elijah [Wimpy | Wympy]WimpyWympy[pers0721.ocp]}  Daniel [Maſsuck | Massuck]MaſsuckMassuck[pers0714.ocp]}  Andrew Co[illegible]Comp[pers0709.ocp]}  Solomon Adams[pers0706.ocp]}  David Robin[pers0718.ocp].} 
[right] To all Indians at [Nihan  ‐tuck | Nian‐ tic]Nihan  ‐tuckNian‐ tic[place0168.ocp]. Mohegan[place0143.ocp]. [Grotton | Groton]GrottonGroton[place0092.ocp].  Stonington[place0226.ocp]. [Narraganſet | Narragansett]NarraganſetNarragansett[place0150.ocp].  and Long [Iſland | Island]IſlandIsland[place0129.ocp]. or at  Montauk[place0144.ocp].— — —
To all Indians at [Nihan  ‐tuck | Nian‐ tic]Nihan  ‐tuckNian‐ tic[place0168.ocp]. Mohegan[place0143.ocp]. [Grotton | Groton]GrottonGroton[place0092.ocp].  Stonington[place0226.ocp]. [Narraganſet | Narragansett]NarraganſetNarragansett[place0150.ocp].  and Long [Iſland | Island]IſlandIsland[place0129.ocp]. or at  Montauk[place0144.ocp].— — —   
[note (type: editorial): Blank page.]  
To the. Indians  Concerning Oneida[place0179.ocp]  Lands — 
To—  All, Who are [truely | truly]truelytruly  Engaged in the Mohawk[org0062.ocp]  Affair.
Document Summary

People identified in this document:

id Text in document Role in header Authorized Name
pers0292.ocp S r Sir William Johnson. Baronet mentioned Johnson, William
pers0292.ocp General Johnson mentioned Johnson, William
pers0292.ocp Sir William mentioned Johnson, William
pers0292.ocp Sir William Johnſon Johnson . Baronet mentioned Johnson, William
pers0292.ocp General Johnſon Johnson mentioned Johnson, William
pers0292.ocp Sir William mentioned Johnson, William
pers0288.ocp Joſeph Joseph Johnson writer Johnson, Joseph
pers0715.ocp Solomon Maſsuck Massuck mentioned Massuck, Solomon
pers0721.ocp Elijah Wimpy Wympy mentioned Wympy, Elijah
pers0714.ocp Daniel Maſsuck Massuck mentioned Massuck, Daniel
pers0709.ocp Andrew Co Comp mentioned Cocomp, Andrew
pers0706.ocp Solomon Adams mentioned Adams, Solomon
pers0718.ocp David Robin mentioned Robin, David

Places identified in this document:

id Text in document Authorized Name
place0074.ocp Farmington Farmington
place0142.ocp Mohawk Coun‐ ‐try Mohawk Country
place0143.ocp Mohegan Mohegan
place0112.ocp his houſe house Johnson Hall
place0168.ocp Nihan ‐tuck Nian‐ tic Niantic
place0092.ocp Grotton Groton Groton
place0226.ocp Stonington Stonington
place0150.ocp Narraganſet Narragansett Narragansett
place0129.ocp Long Iſland Island Long Island
place0144.ocp Montauk Montauk
place0179.ocp Oneida Oneida

Organizations identified in this document:

id Text in document Authorized Name
org0075.ocp OnoidaOneida Indians Oneida Nation
org0075.ocp OnoidasOneidas Oneida Nation
org0062.ocp Mohawks Mohawk Nation
org0062.ocp Mohawk Mohawk Nation

Dates identified in this document:

Standard Form Text
1773-12-24 December 24th24th AD 1773
1773-03 last march. 1773
1774-01-10 Day of January next
1774-01-01 the first day of January next
1774-01-03 first Monday. of January

Regularized text:

Type Original Regularized
modernization 24th 24th
modernization Proſperity prosperity
modernization ourſelves ourselves
modernization Deſign design
modernization deſire desire
modernization choſen chosen
variation there their
modernization Weſtern Western
variation Onoida Oneida
modernization ſay say
modernization almoſt almost
modernization deſiring desiring
modernization conſider consider
modernization uſed used
modernization Cold‐  ‐neſs cold‐ ness
variation Luke warmneſs lukewarmness
variation indifferency indifference
modernization amongſt amongst
modernization Inſpection inspection
modernization Obſervation observation
modernization preſent present
variation tho though
modernization wiſh wish
modernization converſe converse
variation Onoidas Oneidas
modernization neceſsary necessary
modernization diſtant distant
modernization thoſe those
modernization diſpoſed disposed
variation to ward toward
variation recieve receive
modernization adviſe advise
modernization Johnſon Johnson
modernization ſo so
variation untill until
modernization Leſs less
modernization houſe house
modernization Congreſs Congress
modernization Converſe converse
modernization 10th
modernization yourſelves yourselves
modernization promiſed promised
variation beging. begging
variation intreating entreating
modernization beſeeching beseeching
modernization praiſe Worthy praiseworthy
modernization Chriſtians Christians
variation purpoſe propose
modernization Conſider Consider
modernization ſelves selves
modernization &c etc.
modernization Joſeph Joseph
modernization Maſsuck Massuck
variation Wimpy Wympy
variation Nihan  ‐tuck Nian‐ tic
variation Grotton Groton
variation Narraganſet Narragansett
modernization Iſland Island
variation truely truly

Expanded abbreviations:

Abbreviation Expansion
& and
Sr Sir

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Summary of errors found in this document:

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