Samson Occom, autobiography, undated

ms-number768517

[note (type: abstract): Occom writes a second draft of his autobiography.][note (type: handwriting): The legibility of Occom's usually clear hand is heavily mitigated by editorial additions and deletions, likely 19th-century.][note (type: paper): Several small sheets of paper are folded into a booklet. The booklet appears to have been bound with twine or thread at one time; however, this binding is missing and, aside from the two outside pages, the pages are loose. The inner edges of these loose pages appear to have been trimmed. The paper is in good-to-poor condition with light-to-heavy staining and wear, which results in a minor loss of text. There is some repair work on the outside pages.][note (type: ink): Brown.][note (type: noteworthy): An editor, likely 19th-century, has overwritten Occom's hand in several places. The transcriber has attempted to decipher Occom's original hand and ignore editorial editions and deletions. There are pencil marks on 13 verso.]

EventsOccom leaves his studies, Occom’s Mission to the Montauketts, Occom’s Marriage, Occom’s Ordination, Fundraising Tour of Great Britain

[Haveng | Having]HavengHaving Seen and heard  Several [Repreſentations | representations]Repreſentationsrepresentations, in  England[place0068.ocp] and Scotland[place0203.ocp], ^[above] made wrote^made wrote by  Several ^[above] Some^Some gentlemen in America[place0003.ocp],  Concerning , me, and Finding many  [miſsrpreſentations | misrepresentations]miſsrpreſentationsmisrepresentations and  [groſs | gross]groſsgross [Miſtakes | mistakes]Miſtakesmistakes in their Ac‐ counts, I thought it my  Duty to give a Short Plain  and [Honeſt | honest]Honeſthonest Account of [my  ſelf | my self]my  ſelfmy self, that [thoſe | those]thoſethose who may [ſee | see]ſeesee  my Account hereafter ^[above] See it^See it, may  Know the ^[above] Truth^Truth Concerning me. — —  [Tho' | Though]Tho'Though it is [againſt | against]againſtagainst my mind  to give a [Hiſtory | history]Hiſtoryhistory of [my ſelf | myself]my ſelfmyself ^[above] [& | and]&and [publiſh | publish]publiſhpublish it^[& | and]&and [publiſh | publish]publiſhpublish it  [whilſt | whilst]whilſtwhilst I am alive, Yet to do  [Juſtice | Justice]JuſticeJustice to [my ſelf | myself]my ſelfmyself and to [th[gap: worn_edge][guess (h-dawnd): ]e | those]th[gap: worn_edge][guess (h-dawnd): ]ethose  who may ^[above] [deſire | desire]deſiredesire^[deſire | desire]deſiredesire have ^[above] mind^mind to know [Some  thing | some thing]Some  thingsome thing ^[above] concerning^concerning of me— and for the Honor  [gap: hole][guess (h-dawnd): of]of Religion I will venture to  give a Short Narrative of  my Life. — — 
From my birth [till | 'til]till'til I [receivd | received]receivdreceived  the [Chriſtian | Christian]ChriſtianChristian Religion.— 
I was Born a Heathen and  Brought up in In [Heatheniſm | Heathenism]HeatheniſmHeathenism  [till | 'til]till'til I was between 16 [& | and]&and 17 years  of age, at a Place [Calld | called]Calldcalled Mohe gan[place0143.ocp] in New London[place0164.ocp] Connecti cut[place0048.ocp], in New England[place0158.ocp]  my Parents [Livd | lived]Livdlived a wandering  life, So ^[above] as^as did all the Indians at  Mohegan[place0143.ocp]; they chiefly Depended  upon Hunting, [Fiſhing | Fishing]FiſhingFishing, ^[above] [& | and]&and^[& | and]&and Fowling  and Claming, for their Living  and had no Connections with  the [Engliſh | English]EngliſhEnglish, excepting to Tr[gap: worn_edge][guess (h-dawnd): af]af fic with them, with the in ^[above] their^their Smal[gap: tear][guess (h-dawnd): l]l  Trifles — and they Strictly  [maintain'd | maintained]maintain'dmaintained and [follow'd | followed]follow'dfollowed their  [Heatheniſh | Heathenish]HeatheniſhHeathenish ways, [Cuſtoms | Customs]CuſtomsCustoms [& | and]&and  Religion — [tho' | though]tho'though there was Some  Preaching among ^[above] them^them [theſe | these]theſethese Indi  ans, once a Fortnight, in y[gap: tear][guess (h-dawnd): e]e  Summer [Seaſon | Season]SeaſonSeason, a [Miniſter | Minister]MiniſterMinister 
from [N | New]NNew London[place0164.ocp] [illegible][uſed | used]uſedused to come  up — and the Indians [uſe | use]uſeuse to  attend; not that they regard ed the [Chriſtian | Christian]ChriſtianChristian Religion,  But they had Blankets give^[above] n^n  to them every Fall of the year  and for [theſe | these]theſethese things they [wou^[above] d^d | would]wou^[above] d^dwould  attend — and there was a ^[above] Sort^Sort  ^[above] of a^of a School kept, when I was  quite young,. but I believe  there never was one that  even Learn to read [any  thing | any thing]any  thingany thing — and when I was about  10 years of age there was a ^[above] Sort^Sort  of a School again in our  Place— a man ^[above] who went^who went [uſed | used]uſedused to go a  about among the Indian  Wigwams, and [where ever | wherever]where everwherever  he [Coud | could]Coudcould find the Indian [Child,r | children]Child,rchildren  he [woud | would]woudwould make them read —  but the Indian Children [uſd | used]uſdused  to take Care to keep out off  his way — and he [uſ'd | used]uſ'dused ^[above] to^to Catch  me [Some times | sometimes]Some timessometimes and make me  Say over my Letters, and I be 
believe I [Learnt | learned]Learntlearned Some of [illegible]them.  Litters, But this was soon over  too — and all this Time there was  ^[above] not^not one [amongſt | amongst]amongſtamongst us, that made a  [Chriſtian | Christian]ChriſtianChristian [Profeſsion | Profession]ProfeſsionProfession ^[above] of [Chriſtianity | Christianity]ChriſtianityChristianity^of [Chriſtianity | Christianity]ChriſtianityChristianity — Neither  did we Cultivate our Land, ^[above] nor^nor and  kept any Sort of Creatures, excep^[above] t^t  Dogs, which we [uſed | used]uſedused in Hunting,  and Dwelt in Wigwams, [the[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): y]y | these]the[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): y]ythese  are ^[above] a^a Sort of Tents [Coverd | covered]Coverdcovered with  [Matts | mats]Mattsmats, and [theſe | these]theſethese [Matts | mats]Mattsmats are made  of Flags — And to this Time  we were ^[above] [illegible]^[illegible] [unaquainted | unacquainted]unaquaintedunacquainted with the  [Engliſh | English]EngliſhEnglish [Tonug | tongue]Tonugtongue in general, ^[above] [tho' | though]tho'though^[tho' | though]tho'though there  ^[above] were^were a few, who [underſtood | understood]underſtoodunderstood a little  of ^[above] it^it the [Engliſh | English]EngliſhEnglish —– 
From the Time of our Re‐ formation [till | 'til]till'til I left [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Wheelock[pers0036.ocp] 
When I was 1[illegible]6 years of age—  we heard a Strange Rumor amon^[above] g^g  the [Engliſh | English]EngliſhEnglish, that there were Ex‐ traordinary [Miniſters | Ministers]MiniſtersMinisters Preaching  from Place to Place and that  there was a Strange Concern a mong the white People — this  was in the Spring of the year. 
But we Saw nothing of [theſe | these]theſethese  things, [till | 'til]till'til [Some Time | sometime]Some Timesometime in the  Summer, then Some [Miniſters | Ministers]MiniſtersMinisters  began to [viſit | visit]viſitvisit us and Preachd  to us the Word of god; and the  [illegible]Common [illegible]People ^[above] [alſo | also]alſoalso^[alſo | also]alſoalso Came [freequen^[above] t^t ly | frequent ly]freequen^[above] t^t lyfrequent ly to us, and exhorted ^[above] us^us to the things  of god, and^[above] which^which it [pleaſed | pleased]pleaſedpleased the [Ld | Lord]LdLord,  as I humbly hope, to [Bleſs | Bless]BleſsBless and  [acompaniy | accompany]acompaniyaccompany ^[above] with^with their Endeavours by  ^[above] with^withhim Divine Influences, to the  Conviction and Saving [Converſi on | Conversi on]Converſi onConversi on of a Number of us; [Amongſt | Amongst]AmongſtAmongst  which I was one that was [Impreſ^[above] t^t | Impressed]Impreſ^[above] t^tImpressed  with the things, which we had hear^[above] d^d  and t[Theſe | These]TheſeThese Preachers did not only  Come to us, but we ^[above] frequently^frequently went to their  meetings and Churches [Conſtant ly | Constant ly]Conſtant lyConstant ly, after I ^[above] was awakened convicted^was awakened convicted found Trouble of mind  I went to all the meetings I ^[above] [Coud | could]Coudcould^[Coud | could]Coudcould Come  at; thus I[& | and]&and [Continud | continued]Continudcontinued under Trou‐ ble of Mind about 6 Months,  and [almoſt | almost]almoſtalmost as Soon as I found  [uneaſineſs | uneasiness]uneaſineſsuneasiness in my Mind, so I  ^[above] at which time I^at which time I began to Learn the [Engliſh | English]EngliſhEnglish  Letters; Got me a [Primmer | primer]Primmerprimer  and [uſed | used]uſedused to go to my [Engliſh | English]EngliſhEnglish 
Neighbours [freequently | frequently]freequentlyfrequently for  [Aſsiſtance | Assistance]AſsiſtanceAssistance in Reading, budt went  to no School — and my Neighbours  were very ready to help me  And when I was 1[illegible]7 years of  age, I hope I had ^[above] as I [truſt | trust]truſttrust,^as I [truſt | trust]truſttrust, a [Diſcovery | Discovery]DiſcoveryDiscovery  of the way of Salvation through  J[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): esus]esus and was [enabl'd | enabled]enabl'denabled to put my  [truſt | trust]truſttrust in him alone for Life [& | and]&and  Salvation, From this Time  the [Diſtreſs | Distress]DiſtreſsDistress and Burden of my  mind was [removd | removed]removdremoved, and I found  Serenity and [Pleaſure | Pleasure]PleaſurePleasure of Soul.  in Serving god, by this time I  [Juſt | Just]JuſtJust began to try to Read in  the New [Teſtament | Testament]TeſtamentTestament without  Spelling,— and I had Stronger  [Deſire | Desire]DeſireDesire Still to Learn to read  the Word of god, and at the  Same Time, had an uncommon  Pity and [Compaſsion | Compassion]CompaſsionCompassion to my  Poor [Brethern | brethren]Brethernbrethren According to the  [Fleſh | Flesh]FleſhFlesh, I [uſd | used]uſdused to [wiſh | wish]wiſhwish, I was  Capable of [Inſtructing | Instructing]InſtructingInstructing my  poor Kindred, I [uſe | use]uſeuse to thin[illegible]k  if I [Coud | could]Coudcould once Learn to Read 
I [woud | would]woudwould [Inſtruct | Instruct]InſtructInstruct poor Children  in Reading— and [uſd | used]uſdused [freequent‐ ly | frequent ly]freequent‐ lyfrequent ly to talk with our Indians Con‐ cerning Religion.— Thus I Con tinued, [till | 'til]till'til I was in my [19th | 19th]19th19th year;  by this Time I [Coud | could]Coudcould Read a lit tle in the B[illegible]ible, at this Time  my Poor Mother[pers0395.ocp] was going to  Lebanon[place0122.ocp], and having had  Some Knowledge of [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Wheeloc^[above] k^k[pers0036.ocp]  and hearing he had a Number  of [Engliſh | English]EngliſhEnglish ^[above] youth^youth under his Tuition,  I had a great Inclination to go  to him and to be with a week  or a Fortnight, and [Deſired | Desired]DeſiredDesired  my Mother[pers0395.ocp] to Ask [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Wheelock[pers0036.ocp],  whether he [woud | would]woudwould take me a little  while to [Inſtruct | Instruct]InſtructInstruct me in Reading;  Mother[pers0395.ocp] did So; and when She  Came Back, She Said [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.  Wheelock[pers0036.ocp] wanted to See me  as Soon as [poſsible | possible]poſsiblepossible,— So I wen^[above] t^t  up, thinking I [Shoud | should]Shoudshould be back  again in a few Days; when  I got up there, he [receivd | received]receivdreceived me  with [kindneſs | kindness]kindneſskindness and [Compaſsion | Compassion]CompaſsionCompassion  and [in Stead | instead]in Steadinstead of Staying a 
Fortnight or 3 weeks, I  Spent 4 years with him —  After I had been with him  Some Time, he began to [a‐ quaint | ac quaint]a‐ quaintac quaint his Friends of my  being with him, and his Inten tions of Educating me, and  my [Circumſtances | Circumstances]CircumſtancesCircumstances,— and the  good People began to give  Some [Aſsiſtance | Assistance]AſsiſtanceAssistance to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Wheelock[pers0036.ocp],  and gave me Some old and Some  New [Cloaths | clothes]Cloathsclothes — Then he [repreſted | represented]repreſtedrepresented  the [Caſe | Case]CaſeCase to the Honorable [Com‐ miſsioners | Com missioners]Com‐ miſsionersCom missioners at [Boſton | Boston]BoſtonBoston[org0095.ocp], who were  [Commiſsion'd | Commissioned]Commiſsion'dCommissioned by the Honorable Socie ty in London for Propagating [ye | the]yethe  [goſpel | gospel]goſpelgospel among the Indians in  New England and parts adjacen^[above] t^t[org0095.ocp]  and they [alowed | allowed]alowedallowed him 60 £: [pr | per]prper  [An | annum]Anannum: both in old [Tennor | tenor]Tennortenor, which  was about 6 £: Sterling, and  they [Continu'd | continued]Continu'dcontinued it 2: or 3: years  I Can't tell exactly — while I  was at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Wheelock[pers0036.ocp]s, I was  very weakly and my Health  much [Empard | impaired]Empardimpaired, and at the  End of 4 years, I over [Straind | strained]Straindstrained 
my Eyes to Degree, I [Coud | could]Coudcould  not [perſue | pursue]perſuepursue my Studies any  Longer; and out [off | of]offof [theſe | these]theſethese  4 years, I [Loſt | Lost]LoſtLost [Juſt | Just]JuſtJust about  one Year; — And was [obligd | obliged]obligdobliged  to quit my Studies — — 
From the Time I left [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Wheel  ^[above] ock^ock[pers0036.ocp] [till | 'til]till'til I went and [illegible] Europe[place0070.ocp] 
As Soon as I left [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Wheelock[pers0036.ocp],  I [endeavourd | endeavoured]endeavourdendeavoured to find Some Em‐ ploy among the Indians; went  to [Nahantuck | Niantic]NahantuckNiantic[place0168.ocp], thinking, they  may want a [School Maſter | schoolmaster]School Maſterschoolmaster, bu^[above] t^t  they ^[above] had^had one; then went to [Narogan ſet | Narragan sett]Narogan ſetNarragan sett[place0150.ocp], and they were [Indeferent | indifferent]Indeferentindifferent  about School, and went back  to Mohegan[place0143.ocp], and heard a Num‐ ber of our Indians were going  to Montauk[place0144.ocp] on Long Island[place0129.ocp],—  and I went with them, and the  Indians there were very [deſirou^[above] s^s | desirous]deſirou^[above] s^sdesirous  to have me keep a School [among^[above] ſt^ſt | among^[above] st^st]among^[above] ſt^ſtamong^[above] st^st  them, and I [Conſented | Consented]ConſentedConsented, and  went back a while to Moheg^[above] an^an[place0143.ocp]  and Some in November I wen^[above] t^t  on the [Iſland | Island]IſlandIsland[place0129.ocp], I think it is 17 
17 years ago [laſt | last]laſtlast [Novr | November]NovrNovember  I agreed to keep a School with  them Half a year, and left it  with them to give ^[above] me^me what they  [Pleaſd | pleased]Pleaſdpleased, and they took turns  to Provide Food for me — I had  near 30 Scholars this winter,  I had evening School too for [thoſe | those]thoſethose  that [Coud | could]Coudcould not attend Day School  — and began to Carry on their meet ings, T[illegible] they ^[above] had^had a [Miniſter | Minister]MiniſterMinister, one [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.  Horton[pers0262.ocp], the Scotch Society[org0069.ocp]'s [Miſ ſionary | Mis sionary]Miſ ſionaryMis sionary, but he Spent, I think,  two thirds of his Time at [Sheene‐ cock | Shinne cock]Sheene‐ cockShinne cock[place0423.ocp], 30 Miles from Montauk[place0144.ocp],  We met together 3 times for Di‐ vine [Worſhip | worship]Worſhipworship every Sabbath  and once on ^[above] every^every [Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday even‐ ing— I to read the Scriptures  to them and [uſed | used]uſedused to expound  upon Some [perticular | particular]perticularparticular [Paſ ages | pass ages]Paſ agespass ages in my own [Tonuge | tongue]Tonugetongue I  [viſited | visited]viſitedvisited the Sick and attended  their Burials — when the half  year [expird | expired]expirdexpired, they [Deſird | desired]Deſirddesired me  to [Continud | continue]Continudcontinue with them, which  I [Complyd | complied]Complydcomplied with, for another 
half year, when I had [fulfild | fulfilled]fulfildfulfilled  that, they were urgent to have  me Stay Longer So I [Continud | continued]Continudcontinued  [till | 'til]till'til I was Married [amongſt | amongst]amongſtamongst ['em | them]'emthem  which was about 2 years after  I went there —  And I [Continu'd | continued]Continu'dcontinued to [Inſtruct | Instruct]InſtructInstruct them  in the Same manner as I did befor^[above] e^e  after I was [maried | married]mariedmarried a while, I found  there was ^[above] need^need of a Support, more, than  I needed while I was Single,— and  I made my [Caſe | Case]CaſeCase Known to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.  Buell[pers0006.ocp] and to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Wheelock[pers0036.ocp], and  [alſo | also]alſoalso the Needy [Circumſtances | circumstances]Circumſtancescircumstances,  and the [Deſires | desires]Deſiresdesires of [theſe | these]theſethese Indians  ^[above] [& | and]&and^[& | and]&and of my [Continuence | continuance]Continuencecontinuance [amongſt | amongst]amongſtamongst  them, and [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Wheelock[pers0036.ocp] and  other gentlemen, [Repreſented | represented]Repreſentedrepresented  my [Circumſtances | circumstances]Circumſtancescircumstances and the [Cir cumſtances | cir cumstances]Cir cumſtancescir cumstances, and the [Deſires | desires]Deſiresdesires of  [theſe | these]theſethese Indians of my Continuing  [amongſt | amongst]amongſtamongst them, and the [Com‐ miſsioners | Com missioners]Com‐ miſsionersCom missioners were So good as to  grant ^[above] £^£15 per [An | annum]Anannum: Sterling — —  And I kept on in ^[above] my^my Service as  [uſual | usual]uſualusual, yea I had additional  Service, I kept School as I  did before and Carried on the 
Religious meeting as often as  ever, and attended the Sick  and their Funerals, and did  what writings they wanted,  and often Sat as Judge  to reconcile and [Deſide | decide]Deſidedecide their  Matters between them, and  had [viſiters | visitors]viſitersvisitors of Indians, from  all Quarters; and, as our  [Cuſtom | custom]Cuſtomcustom is, we freely Entertain  all [viſiters | visitors]viſitersvisitors,— And was [fetchd | fetched]fetchdfetched  often from my Tribe and  from others [gap: stain] See into  their Affairs Both Religious  ^[above] [& | and]&and^[& | and]&and Temporal,— [Beſides | besides]Beſidesbesides my  [Domeſtick | domestic]Domeſtickdomestic Concerns,— and  it [Pleaſed | pleased]Pleaſedpleased the Lord to [Increac^[above] e^e | increas^[above] e^e]Increac^[above] e^eincreas^[above] e^e  my Family [faſt | fast]faſtfast — and Soon  after I was [Maried | married]Mariedmarried, [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Horton[pers0262.ocp]  left [theſe | these]theſethese Indians, and the  [Sheenecock | Shinnecock]SheenecockShinnecock Indians[org0157.ocp] ^[above] [& | and]&and after this I was [licencd | licenced]licencdlicenced to [p | preach]ppreach^[& | and]&and after this I was [licencd | licenced]licencdlicenced to [p | preach]ppreach and then  I had the whole Care of [theſe | these]theſethese  Indians at Montauk[place0144.ocp], and  [uſed | used]uſedused to [viſitd | visited]viſitdvisited the [Shenecock | Shinnecock]ShenecockShinnecock[org0157.ocp] 
Indians often — [uſed | used]uſedused to Set  out Saturdays towards Night  and back again on Mondays  I have ^[above] been^been obliged to Set out from  Home after [Sun Set | sunset]Sun Setsunset, and Ride  30 Miles in the Night, to [Prea^[above] h^h | preach]Prea^[above] h^hpreach  to the^[above] se^se Indians at [Shenecock | Shinnecock]ShenecockShinnecock[place0423.ocp]  And Some Indians at [Shenecock | Shinnecock]ShenecockShinnecock[place0423.ocp]  Sent their Children to my School  at Montauk[place0144.ocp], I kept one  of ['em | them]'emthem Some Time, and had  a young Man half year from  Mohegan[place0143.ocp], A Lad from [Na‐ hantuck | Ni antic]Na‐ hantuckNi antic[place0168.ocp], who was with me  [almoſt | almost]almoſtalmost a year,— [illegible] [& | and]&and had  had very little for all [theſe | these]theſethese  and had little or nothing  for Keeping them, —  My Method in the School  was, as Soon as the Children  got together, and have took  their proper Seats, I [Prayd | prayed]Praydprayed  with them, then began to  hear them, I [generaly | generally]generalygenerally began 
(after some of ['em | them]'emthem [Coud | could]Coudcould Spell  and Read,) with [thoſe | those]thoſethose, that  were yet in their Alphabets;  So around, as they were pro‐ perly Seat, [till | 'til]till'til I got [thro' | through]thro'through  and I [obligd | obliged]obligdobliged them to Study  their Books, and to help one  another, when they [Coud | could]Coudcould not  make out a hard, they  Brought to me — and I [Uſu‐ ally | usu ally]Uſu‐ allyusu ally heard them, in the Sum mer [Seaſon | season]Seaſonseason 8 Times a Day  4 in the morning, and in [ye | the]yethe  [after Noon | afternoon]after Noonafternoon — In the MWinter  [Seaſon | season]Seaſonseason 6 Time a Day, as  Soon as they [coud | could]coudcould Spell, they  were [obligd | obliged]obligdobliged to spell [when ever | whenever]when everwhenever  they wanted to go out; [Conclud‐ ded | conclu ded]Conclud‐ dedconclu ded with Prayer, I ^[above] generally^generally heard my  AEvening scholars 3 ^[above] [T | times]Ttimes^[T | times]Ttimes Rou^[above] n^nd,  And as they ^[above] go^go out the School,  [every one | everyone]every oneeveryone that Can Spell,  is [obligd | obliged]obligdobliged to spell a word,  and So go out [Leaſurely | leisurely]Leaſurelyleisurely one  after another, — I [Catechiſed | Catechised]CatechiſedCatechised 
3 or 4 Times a weeks accor ding to the [Aſembly | Assembly]AſemblyAssembly's Shor^[above] t^t er [C[illegible]atechiſm | C[illegible]atechism]C[illegible]atechiſmC[illegible]atechism, and many  Times [Propoſ'd | proposed]Propoſ'dproposed [Queſtions | questions]Queſtionsquestions  of my own, and in my  own [Tonugue | tongue]Tonuguetongue, — I found  Som D[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): e]efficulty with Some  Children, who were Some‐ what Dull, [moſt | most]moſtmost of [theſe | these]theſethese  Can Soon learn to say over  their Letters, they [Diſtingu^[above] iſh^iſh | Distinguish]Diſtingu^[above] iſh^iſhDistinguish  the Sounds by the Ear, but  their Eyes Can't [Diſtinguiſh | Distinguish]DiſtinguiſhDistinguish  the Letters, and the way  I took to cure ['em | them]'emthem, was  by taking making an  Alhphabet on Small bits  of paper, and glued them  on Small Chips of Cedar,  after this manner [illegible]  A B ^[right] [&c. | etc.]&c.etc. I put [theſe | these]theſethese on^[&c. | etc.]&c.etc. I put [theſe | these]theſethese on  ^[right] Letters in order on^Letters in order on  a Bench, [than | then]thanthen point to one Letter  and bid a Child to take notice 
of it, and then I dorder the Child  to fetch me the Letter from [ye | the]yethe Ben^[above] ch^ch  if it Brings the Letter, it is well,  if not it [muſt | must]muſtmust go again and  again [till | 'til]till'til it bring ^[above] [ye | the]yethe^[ye | the]yethe right [Lr | letter]Lrletter  [Wheny | When]WhenyWhen they Can bring any of  Letters, this way, then I [Juſt | Just]JuſtJust  Jumble them together, and  b[illegible]d them to Set them in Al‐ phabetical order, and it is  a [Pleaſure | pleasure]Pleaſurepleasure to ['em | them]'emthem; and they Soon  learn their letters this way —  I [freequently | frequently]freequentlyfrequently [Diſcouſd | discussed]Diſcouſddiscussed or [illegible]Exhor ted my Scholars, in Religious  matters — My Method in  our Religious Meetings was  this; Sabbaths Mornings we  [Aſsemble | assemble]Aſsembleassemble together about 10:o.C.  and begin with Singing; we  [generaly | generally]generalygenerally Sung [Dr | Dr.]DrDr. Watts[pers0683.ocp]'s  Psalms or Hymns, I [diſting^[above] ly^ly | distinctly]diſting^[above] ly^lydistinctly,  read the Psalm or Hymn [firſt | first]firſtfirst,  and then give the meaning of  it to them, after that sing, then  Pray, and Sing again, after [Prayr | prayer]Prayrprayer 
then proceed to Read Some  [Sutable | suitable]Sutablesuitable portion of Scripture,  and So [Juſt | Just]JuſtJust give the plain  [Senſe | Sense]SenſeSense of it, in Familiar [Diſcourſe | Discourse]DiſcourſeDiscourse  and [applyd | applied]applydapplied to them, [illegible]So Con  [illegible]clude with Pray, and Sing ing, In the [after-Noon | afternoon]after-Noonafternoon and  Evening we Proceed in the  Same Manner, and So in  [Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday Evenings, — Some  Time after [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Horton[pers0262.ocp] left  [theſe | these]theſethese Indians, there was  a remarkable revival of  religion among [theſe | these]theſethese Indi ans and many were hope fully Converted to the Saving  knowledge of god a in J[illegible]  It is to be [obſerved | observed]obſervedobserved, before [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.  Horton[pers0262.ocp] left [theſe | these]theſethese Indians  they had Some Prejudices [infuſd | infused]infuſdinfused  in their minds, by Some  [Inthuſiaſtical | enthusiastical]Inthuſiaſticalenthusiastical Exhorters from  [N. | New]N.New England[place0158.ocp], [againſt | against]againſtagainst [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.  Horton[pers0262.ocp], an[illegible] Many of ['em | them]'emthem 
had left him, by this means  he was[illegible] [Diſcourag'd | discouraged]Diſcourag'ddiscouraged, and Su[illegible]d  a [Diſmiſsion | Dismission]DiſmiſsionDismission, and was [diſmiſt | dismissed]diſmiſtdismissed  from [theſe | these]theſethese Indians, — And being  acquainted with the [Enthu‐ Siaſts | Enthu siasts]Enthu‐ SiaſtsEnthu siasts in New England[place0158.ocp], [& | and]&and  the make and the [Diſpoſiſti ons | Dispositi ons]Diſpoſiſti onsDispositi ons of the Indians, took a  mil[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): e]e way to reclaim them,  I [oppoſd | opposed]oppoſdopposed them not openly  but let them go on in their  way, and [when ever | whenever]when everwhenever I  had an opportunity, I  [woud | would]woudwould read Such [paſages | passages]paſagespassages  of the Scriptures, as I  thought, [woud | would]woudwould Confound  their Notions, [illegible] and I [woud | would]woudwould  come to them with all Au‐ thority, Saying thus Saith  the Lord, and by this  means, the Lord was  [pleaſd | pleased]pleaſdpleased to [Bleſs | Bless]BleſsBless my poor 
Endeavours, and they were  reclaimed, and Brought to  hear [moſt | most]moſtmost any of the [Miniſ‐ ters | Minis ters]Miniſ‐ tersMinis ters — I am now to  give an Account o[illegible]f my  [Circumſtances | Circumstances]CircumſtancesCircumstances and manner  of [Livineng | living]Livinengliving, — I Dwelt in  a wigwam, a Small [Hutt | hut]Hutthut, [fraim^[above] d^d | framed]fraim^[above] d^dframed  with Small Poles and [Coverd | covered]Coverdcovered  with [Matts | mats]Mattsmats made of Flags,  and I was [oblig'd | obliged]oblig'dobliged to move  twice a year, about 2 Miles  [Diſtance | Distance]DiſtanceDistance, by [reaſon | reason]reaſonreason of the  Scarcity of wood, for in our  Neck of Land they Planted  their Corn, and ^[above] in^in [anather | another]anatheranother, they  had their wood,— and I was  [obligd | obliged]obligdobliged to hire my Corn Carted  and my Hay [alſo | also]alſoalso, — and  I got my Ground [Plow'd | plowed]Plow'dplowed every  year, which [Coſt | Cost]CoſtCost me about  [illegible]^[above] [illegible]^[illegible] 12 an Acre; and I kept  a Cow and a [Horſe | Horse]HorſeHorse, for  which I paid ^[above] £^£ 21: every year 
York Currency, And went 18  miles to Mill for every [Duſt | Dust]DuſtDust  of meal we [uſ'd | used]uſ'dused in my family  I Hired or Joined with my  Neighbours to go to Mill wit[illegible]h  a [Horſe | Horse]HorſeHorse or ox Cart, or on  [Horſe Back | horseback]Horſe Backhorseback, and [Some tim^[above] es^es | sometim^[above] es^es]Some tim^[above] es^essometim^[above] es^es  go^[above] went^went [my ſelf | myself]my ſelfmyself; my Family [In‐ creaſing | in creasing]In‐ creaſingin creasing [faſt | fast]faſtfast, and my [viſiters | visitors]viſitersvisitors  [alſo | also]alſoalso, I was [obligd | obliged]obligdobliged to Continue  every way to Support my  Family; I took all [opper‐ tunities | oppor tunities]opper‐ tunitiesoppor tunities, to get [Some thing | something]Some thingsomething,  to feed my Family daily, —  I Planted my own Corn, Po‐ tatoes and [illegible]Beans; I [uſe | use]uſeuse to  be out [whoeing | hoeing]whoeinghoeing my Corn  [Some times | sometimes]Some timessometimes before [Sun Riſe | sunrise]Sun Riſesunrise  and after my School is  [Diſmiſt | dismissed]Diſmiſtdismissed, and by this means I  was able to [raiſe | raise]raiſeraise my own  Pork, for I was [alowd | allowed]alowdallowed to keep  5 Swine, Some Mornings [& | and]&and  Evenings I woud be out with  my Hook and Line to Catch 
[fiſh | fish]fiſhfish, and in the Fall of  year and in the Spring, I  [uſ'd | used]uſ'dused my [Gunn | gun]Gunngun, for we [livd | lived]livdlived  very handy for Fowl, and I  was very expert with [gunn | gun]gunngun,  and fed my Family with  Fowl, I [Coud | could]Coudcould more than pay  for my Powder [& | and]&and [Shott | shot]Shottshot, with  Feathers, at other Times I  Bound ^[above] old^old Books for [Eaſthamp^[above] ton^ton | East Hamp^[above] ton^ton]Eaſthamp^[above] ton^tonEast Hamp^[above] ton^ton[place0062.ocp]  People, Made wooden Spoons  and Ladles, [Stackd | stacked]Stackdstacked Guns, [& | and]&and  [workd | worked]workdworked on SCedar to make Pails,  [Piggans | piggins]Pigganspiggins and Churns [&c | etc.]&cetc.  [beſides | besides]beſidesbesides all [theſe | these]theſethese Difficulties  I wMet with [adverſe | adverse]adverſeadverse Providence^[above] s^s,  I bought a Mare, had it bu^[above] t^t  little while, and She fell into  the [Quick Sands | quicksands]Quick Sandsquicksands and Died, after  a while Bought another, I kep^[above] t^t  ^[above] her^her about half Year, and She was  gone, and I never heard nor  Seen her from that Day to  this, it was [Suppoſd | supposed]Suppoſdsupposed Some  Rogue [Stold | stole]Stoldstole her, and got 
another and [Dyed | died]Dyeddied with a [Diſ temper | dis temper]Diſ temperdis temper, and [laſt | last]laſtlast of all I [Bou^[above] t^t | bought]Bou^[above] t^tbought  a Young Mare, and kept  her [till | 'til]till'til She had one Colt, and  She broke her Leg and Died  and [Preſently | Presently]PreſentlyPresently after the Coldt  Died [alſo | also]alſoalso, In the whole I  [Loſt | Lost]LoſtLost 5 [Horſe | Horse]HorſeHorse Kind, all [theſe | these]theſethese  [Loſes | losses]Loſeslosses helped to pull me down  and by this Time I got greatly  in Debt, and acquain^[above] t^ted my  [Circumſtances | Circumstances]CircumſtancesCircumstances to Some of my  Friends, and they [Repreſented | Represented]RepreſentedRepresented  my [Caſe | Case]CaſeCase to the [Commiſsioners | Commissioners]CommiſsionersCommissioners  of [Boſton | Boston]BoſtonBoston[org0095.ocp], and [Interceeded | interceded]Interceededinterceded with  them for me, and [illegible]they ^[above] were^were [pleaſed | pleased]pleaſedpleased  to [illegible]Vote 15 for my Help; and  Soon after Sent a Letter to my  good Friend at [N. | New]N.New London[place0164.ocp],  acquainting him, that they  had [Superſeded | Superseded]SuperſededSuperseded their vote; [& | and]&and  my Friends were So good as to  [repreſent | represent]repreſentrepresent my Needy [Circumſta^[above] nces^nces | Circumsta^[above] nces^nces]Circumſta^[above] nces^ncesCircumsta^[above] nces^nces  Still to them, and they were So  good at [Laſt | Last]LaſtLast, as to vote ^[above] £^£15  and Sent it, for which I am 
very thankful, and ^[above] the good^the good [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Buell[pers0006.ocp]  was ^[above] So^So Kind as to write in my  behalf to the gentlemen of Bos‐  ton[org0095.ocp]; and he told me they  were much [Diſpleaſ'd | Displeased]Diſpleaſ'dDispleased with  him; and heard [alſo | also]alſoalso once  and again, that they [blaimed | blamed]blaimedblamed  me for being Extravagant, I  Cant Conceive how [theſe | these]theſethese [gentlen | gentlemen]gentlengentlemen  [woud | would]woudwould have me Live, I am rea dy to ^[above] [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): i]imputed [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): it]it^[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): i]imputed [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): it]it their Ignorance, and [woud | would]woudwould  [wiſh | wish]wiſhwish they had [Changd | changed]Changdchanged [Circumſtan^[above] es^es | circumstances]Circumſtan^[above] es^escircumstances  with me but one Month, that  they may know, by experience  what my [Caſe | case]Caſecase really was, but  I am now fully [Convincd | convinced]Convincdconvinced, that i[illegible]t  was not Ignorance For I believ^[above] e^e  it Can be [provd | proved]provdproved to the world, that  [theſe | these]theſethese Same Gentlemen, gave a  young [Miſsionary | Missionary]MiſsionaryMissionary, a Single  man, one Hundred Pounds for  one year, and fifty Pounds for  an Interpreter, and thirty Pounds  for an Introducer, So it [Coſt | Cost]CoſtCost them  [illegible]one [illegible]Hundred [& | and]&and Eighty Pounds  in one Single year, and they  Sent too where there was no  Need of a [Miſsionary | Missionary]MiſsionaryMissionary, 
Now you See what difference  they made between ^[above] me^me and other  [Miſsionarys | missionaries]Miſsionarysmissionaries, they gave me  180 Pounds for 12 years Service,  which they gave for one years  Service in another [Miſſion | Mission]MiſſionMission  In my Service, (I Speak like a  fool, but I am [Conſtrain'd | constrained]Conſtrain'dconstrained)  I was my own Int[illegible]erpreter  I was both a C[School maſter | schoolmaster]School maſterschoolmaster,  and [Miniſter | minister]Miniſterminister to the Indians,  yea I was their Ear, Eye [& | and]&and  Hand, as well Mouth, — I  leave it with world, as wick ed as it is, to Judge, whether  I ought [illegible] not to have had haldf  as much, they gave a young  man [Juſt | Just]JuſtJust [mention'd | mentioned]mention'dmentioned, which  [woud | would]woudwould have been but ^[above] £^£50 ^[above] a^a Year;  and if they ought to have  given me that, I am not un der obligations to them, I owe  them nothing at all; Now wha^[above] t^t  Can be the [Reaſon | Reason]ReaſonReason? that they 
[uſed | used]uſedused me after ^[above] this^this manner; I  Can't think of [any thing | anything]any thinganything, but  this as a poor Indian Boy  Said, who was Bound out to  an [Engliſh | English]EngliſhEnglish Family, and  he [uſ'd | used]uſ'dused to Drive Plow for a  young man, and he [whipt | whipped]whiptwhipped  and Beat him [allmoſt | almost]allmoſtalmost every  Day, and the young man  found fault with him, and  [Complaind | complained]Complaindcomplained of him to his [maſter | master]maſtermaster  and the poor boy was [Calld | called]Calldcalled to  [anſwere | answer]anſwereanswer for him^[above] [ſelf | self]ſelfself^[ſelf | self]ſelfself before his  [maſter | master]maſtermaster, — and he was [aſk'd | asked]aſk'dasked,  what it was he did, Cthat he  was So [Complaind | complained]Complaindcomplained of and beat  [almoſt | almost]almoſtalmost every Day? he Said,  he did not know, but he [Suppoſd | supposed]Suppoſdsupposed  it was, [becauſe | because]becauſebecause he [Coud | could]Coudcould not ^[above] drive^drive any  better, but Says he, I Drive as  well as I know ^[above] how^how and at other  Times he Beats me, [becauſe | because]becauſebecause he  is mind to beat me, but Says,  he, ^[above] I believe^I believe he Beats for the [moſt | most]moſtmost of the  [illegible] Time, [becauſe | because]becauſebecause I am an In‐ dian— 
So I am ready to Say, they have  [uſd | used]uſdused thus, [becauſe | because]becauſebecause I Cant [Inſtru^[above] ct^ct | Instruct]Inſtru^[above] ct^ctInstruct  they Indians So well as other  [Miſsionaries | Missionaries]MiſsionariesMissionaries, but I Can [aſure | assure]aſureassure  them I have [endearvourd | endearvoured]endearvourdendearvoured to teach  them as well as I how — but I  [muſt | must]muſtmust Say, I believe, it is,  [becauſe | because]becauſebecause I am poor Indian,  I Cant help that [illegible] God has  made me So; I did not make  my Se[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): ft]ft So — 
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Document Summary

People identified in this document:

id Text in document Role in header Authorized Name
pers0036.ocp M r Mr. Wheelock mentioned Wheelock, Eleazar
pers0395.ocp my Poor Mother mentioned Occom, Sarah
pers0395.ocp my Mother mentioned Occom, Sarah
pers0395.ocp Mother mentioned Occom, Sarah
pers0036.ocp M r Mr. Wheel ock mentioned Wheelock, Eleazar
pers0262.ocp M r Mr. Horton mentioned Horton, Azariah
pers0006.ocp M r Mr. Buell mentioned Buell, Samuel
pers0036.ocp M r Mr. Wheelock mentioned Wheelock, Eleazar
pers0683.ocp D r Dr. Watts mentioned Watts, John
pers0262.ocp M r Mr. Horton mentioned Horton, Azariah
pers0006.ocp M r Mr. Buell mentioned Buell, Samuel

Places identified in this document:

id Text in document Authorized Name
place0068.ocp England England
place0203.ocp Scotland Scotland
place0003.ocp America America
place0143.ocp Mohe gan Mohegan
place0164.ocp New London New London
place0048.ocp Connecti cut Connecticut
place0158.ocp New England New England
place0164.ocp N New London New London
place0122.ocp Lebanon Lebanon
place0070.ocp Europe Europe
place0168.ocp Nahantuck Niantic Niantic
place0150.ocp Narogan ſet Narragan sett Narragansett
place0144.ocp Montauk Montauk
place0129.ocp Long Island Long Island
place0129.ocp the Iſland Island Long Island
place0423.ocp Sheene‐ cock Shinne cock Shinnecock
place0423.ocp Shenecock Shinnecock Shinnecock
place0168.ocp Na‐ hantuck Ni antic Niantic
place0158.ocp N. New England New England
place0062.ocp Eaſthamp ton East Hamp ton East Hampton
place0164.ocp N. New London New London

Organizations identified in this document:

id Text in document Authorized Name
org0095.ocp the Honorable Com‐miſsionersCommissioners at BoſtonBoston The Company for Propagation of the Gospel in New England and the parts adjacent in America
org0095.ocp the Honorable Society in London for Propagating yethe goſpelgospel among the Indians in New England and parts adjacent The Company for Propagation of the Gospel in New England and the parts adjacent in America
org0069.ocp the Scotch Society The New York/New Jersey Board of the Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge
org0157.ocp SheenecockShinnecock Indians Shinnecock Tribe
org0157.ocp ShenecockShinnecock Shinnecock Tribe
org0095.ocp CommiſsionersCommissioners of BoſtonBoston The Company for Propagation of the Gospel in New England and the parts adjacent in America
org0095.ocp the gentlemen of Bos‐ ton The Company for Propagation of the Gospel in New England and the parts adjacent in America

This document does not contain any tagged dates.

Regularized text:

Type Original Regularized
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modernization kindneſs kindness
variation in Stead instead
variation a‐ quaint ac quaint
modernization Circumſtances Circumstances
variation Cloaths clothes
modernization Caſe Case
modernization Com‐ miſsioners Com missioners
modernization Boſton Boston
modernization ye the
modernization goſpel gospel
variation alowed allowed
variation Tennor tenor
variation Empard impaired
variation Straind strained
variation perſue pursue
variation off of
modernization Loſt Lost
variation obligd obliged
variation endeavourd endeavoured
variation Nahantuck Niantic
variation School Maſter schoolmaster
modernization Narogan ſet Narragan sett
variation Indeferent indifferent
modernization deſirou^[above] s^s desirous
modernization Conſented Consented
modernization Iſland Island
modernization laſt last
variation Pleaſd pleased
modernization Miſ ſionary Mis sionary
variation Sheene‐ cock Shinne cock
modernization Worſhip worship
modernization Wedneſday Wednesday
variation perticular particular
variation Paſ ages pass ages
variation Tonuge tongue
modernization viſited visited
variation expird expired
variation Deſird desired
variation Continud continue
variation Complyd complied
variation fulfild fulfilled
variation maried married
modernization Circumſtances circumstances
modernization Deſires desires
variation Continuence continuance
modernization Repreſented represented
modernization uſual usual
variation Deſide decide
variation viſiters visitors
modernization Cuſtom custom
variation fetchd fetched
modernization Beſides besides
variation Domeſtick domestic
modernization Pleaſed pleased
variation Increac^[above] e^e increas^[above] e^e
modernization faſt fast
variation Maried married
variation Sheenecock Shinnecock
variation licencd licenced
variation viſitd visited
variation Shenecock Shinnecock
variation Sun Set sunset
variation Na‐ hantuck Ni antic
variation Prayd prayed
variation generaly generally
modernization Uſu‐ ally usu ally
modernization Seaſon season
variation after Noon afternoon
variation coud could
variation when ever whenever
variation Conclud‐ ded conclu ded
variation every one everyone
variation Leaſurely leisurely
modernization Catechiſed Catechised
variation Aſembly Assembly
modernization C[illegible]atechiſm C[illegible]atechism
modernization Queſtions questions
variation Tonugue tongue
modernization moſt most
modernization Diſtingu^[above] iſh^iſh Distinguish
modernization &c. etc.
variation than then
modernization muſt must
modernization Pleaſure pleasure
variation Diſcouſd discussed
modernization Aſsemble assemble
modernization Dr Dr.
modernization diſting^[above] ly^ly distinctly
modernization firſt first
variation Sutable suitable
modernization Senſe Sense
modernization Diſcourſe Discourse
variation applyd applied
variation after-Noon afternoon
modernization obſerved observed
variation infuſd infused
variation Inthuſiaſtical enthusiastical
modernization Diſmiſsion Dismission
variation diſmiſt dismissed
modernization Enthu‐ Siaſts Enthu siasts
modernization Diſpoſiſti ons Dispositi ons
variation oppoſd opposed
variation paſages passages
variation pleaſd pleased
modernization Miniſ‐ ters Minis ters
variation Livineng living
variation Hutt hut
modernization Diſtance Distance
modernization reaſon reason
variation anather another
modernization Coſt Cost
modernization Horſe Horse
modernization Duſt Dust
variation Horſe Back horseback
modernization In‐ creaſing in creasing
variation opper‐ tunities oppor tunities
variation whoeing hoeing
variation Sun Riſe sunrise
variation Diſmiſt dismissed
modernization raiſe raise
variation alowd allowed
modernization fiſh fish
variation Gunn gun
variation livd lived
variation gunn gun
variation Shott shot
variation Eaſthamp^[above] ton^ton East Hamp^[above] ton^ton
variation Stackd stacked
variation workd worked
variation Piggans piggins
modernization &c etc.
modernization beſides besides
modernization adverſe adverse
variation Quick Sands quicksands
variation Suppoſd supposed
variation Stold stole
variation Dyed died
modernization Diſ temper dis temper
modernization Preſently Presently
variation Loſes losses
modernization Repreſented Represented
modernization Commiſsioners Commissioners
variation Interceeded interceded
modernization Superſeded Superseded
modernization repreſent represent
modernization Laſt Last
variation blaimed blamed
variation Changd changed
variation Circumſtan^[above] es^es circumstances
modernization Caſe case
variation Convincd convinced
variation provd proved
modernization Miſsionary Missionary
variation Miſsionarys missionaries
modernization Miſſion Mission
variation School maſter schoolmaster
modernization Miniſter minister
modernization Reaſon Reason
variation whipt whipped
variation allmoſt almost
variation Complaind complained
modernization maſter master
variation anſwere answer
modernization ſelf self
modernization becauſe because
modernization Miſsionaries Missionaries
variation aſure assure
variation endearvourd endearvoured

Expanded abbreviations:

Abbreviation Expansion
Tho' Though
& and
maintain'd maintained
follow'd followed
tho' though
N New
Child,r children
uſ'd used
Ld Lord
Impreſ^[above] t^t Impressed
enabl'd enabled
uſd used
repreſted represented
Commiſsion'd Commissioned
pr per
An annum
Continu'd continued
Novr November
'em them
p preach
Prea^[above] h^h preach
thro' through
T times
Propoſ'd proposed
Lr letter
Prayr prayer
N. New
Diſcourag'd discouraged
fraim^[above] d^d framed
oblig'd obliged
Plow'd plowed
Bou^[above] t^t bought
Diſpleaſ'd Displeased
gentlen gentlemen
Conſtrain'd constrained
mention'd mentioned
aſk'd asked

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Number of nested "hi" tags: (consider merging the @rend attributes, or using other tags) 0
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