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Samuel Savage, letter, to Eleazar Wheelock, 1768 March 5

ms-number: 768205

[note (type: abstract): Savage writes to Wheelock applauding his work and Whitaker’s efforts, hoping Occom will not be spoiled by the attention, distrusting the trustees’ management of the funds, and notifying him of a chest of books he has sent for use at the Indian Schools.][note (type: handwriting): Handwriting is small and somewhat stylized, yet mostly legible.][note (type: paper): Very large sheet is fragile, with moderate-to-heavy yellowing, creasing and wear. Large tear near remnants of seal results in no loss of text.][note (type: ink): Dark brown-black][note (type: noteworthy): There are many variations in spelling, punctuation and syntax. Trailer is in an unknown hand.][note (type: signature): Signature is abbreviated, and a postscript is initialed.]

events: Fundraising Tour of Great Britain

[Rev.d | Rev.]Rev.dRev. [& | and]&and Dear Sir
I owe you [above] aa letter of a long Standing. but a [backwardng | backwarding]backwardngbackwarding
to writing and other avocat[illegible]ions. have hitherto [hindred | hindered]hindredhindered: but could
not let this [opertunity | opportunity]opertunityopportunity Slip without Sending you [aline | a line]alinea line...
when I heard the great concerns you have
for the cause of the redeemer and the Spread of the [above] [everlaſting | everlasting]everlaſtingeverlasting[everlaſting | everlasting]everlaſtingeverlasting [gospell | Gospel]gospellGospel
hath made me love you: though I never Saw you nor is it
likely I ever Shall. in the present State. but hope to Meet
you in King Jesus'. upper house: where we [Shal | shall]Shalshall See as we
are Seen [& | and]&and know as we are known — when I heard of [Dr | Dr.]DrDr.
[& | and]&and [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Occoms; | Occom's]Occoms;Occom's[pers0030.ocp] coming it gave me pleasure but much more
When I heard them [& | and]&and Saw them!: [Dr | Dr.]DrDr. Whitaker[pers0037.ocp] hath been indefati­
gable in going about to collect money [above] in city [& | and]&and Countryin city [& | and]&and Country and Executed this work with
great [deligence | diligence]deligencediligence prudence zeal and [faithfulneſs | faithfulness]faithfulneſsfaithfulness: and [honnour | honour]honnourhonour: it
[allso | also]allsoalso added much to the [Succeſs | success]Succeſssuccess of it that [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Occom[pers0030.ocp] (the Indian)
was with him: as a fruit (under god) of your labour: and whom the
Lord hath done great things for.., and for whom many here [bleſs | bless]bleſsbless god
= but the poor indian hath been So [careſs'd | caressed]careſs'dcaressed [& | and]&and Such [reſpect | respect]reſpectrespect Shown him even
by the great and Noble. that I am [above] have beenhave been [affraid | afraid]affraidafraid the good man [Some times | sometimes]Some timessometimes
[left] hath [almoſt | almost]almoſtalmosthath [almoſt | almost]almoſtalmost forgot what he was —.— it is a great mercy to be kept Sitting at the
feet of Jesus;— [above] I hope he will be kept SoI hope he will be kept So [Dr | Dear]DrDear Sir I Esteem the cause in which you are engaged to
be great and glorious [& | and]&and So do many here: [illegible]; but it is not without
its Enemies for Satan hath been Stirring up all his force that he,
hath been [Sufferd | suffered]Sufferdsuffered to do against it: to Speak [evill | evil]evillevil of it [& | and]&and of those
that where engaged in it. even those from whom we Should
have expected better things: but when they [digg | dig]diggdig a [pitt | pit]pittpit for others
they may happen to fall in it their Selves —.
I am glad to find by [above] yours [& | and]&andyours [& | and]&and [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Kirtland[pers0315.ocp]s letters as likewise by your
s Journal to [mr | Mr.]mrMr. Kirtland[pers0315.ocp]. that the work goes on with Such
[Succeſs | success]Succeſssuccess. I pray the Lord may prosper it more and more.—
I hope ways and means will be found for you So to proceed
as to have Occasion for all the [above] [mony | money]monymoney[mony | money]monymoney that is collected in England[place0068.ocp], while
we continue to live: for Methink I Should be Sorry to leave any
of it to another generation— for I See Such a [fickleneſs | fickleness]fickleneſsfickleness
in the minds of [above] Some ofSome of those who. like to have the management of it
that I Should be glad it could be (with [honnour | honour]honnourhonour) drawn for out
of their hands and I wish that whenever [above] youyou to write to the trustees
it may be [above] inin the most Solemn [& | and]&and Close manner (as also to give us
all the encouragement you can of the [Succes | success]Successuccess of the cause:) that none
may dare to oppose or hinder you in your plans or designs [above] [yt | that]ytthat[yt | that]ytthat you
may think best for the carrying out the work:; [above] butbut that every one of us
may be Obliged to Say: that to Straiten or to Stop your hands
would be to fight against god —
Dear Sir I hope these lines will find
you in health andboth in Soul [& | and]&and body as also your whole family
for whom I have. (in a Chest of books which are coming to
you:) Sent [illegible]a piece of [Stript | striped]Striptstriped [Camblett | camblet]Camblettcamblet of our manufacture
60 yards [wch | which]wchwhich may be of use to [ | Mrs.]M.rsMrs. Wheelock[pers0577.ocp] [& | and]&and your daughters [&c | etc.]&cetc.
[left] [& | and]&and family. —[& | and]&and family. — I need not Say I Shall be glad of a line from you whenever it
[Sutes | suits]Sutessuits— these books [ | which]w.chwhich are in the Chest: are: 100 of Baptist
Saints rest: a present from [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. [Benj | Benjamin]BenjBenjamin Fawcett[pers0729.ocp] of
Kidderminster[place0306.ocp] in Worstershire[place0307.ocp]: [& | and]&and many Sermons [& | and]&and [pampletts | pamphlets]pamplettspamphlets. from
[ | Mrs.]M.rsMrs. Brine[pers0725.ocp]: [Widdo | widow]Widdowidow of the late [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. John Brine[pers0726.ocp]. of [illegible]london[place0128.ocp].
all for the use of the Schools. [&c | etc.]&cetc. : at your discretion [& | and]&and Some are of
[Dr | Dr.]DrDr. Whitaker[pers0037.ocp]s [& | and]&and Some [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Occoms | Occom's]OccomsOccom's[pers0030.ocp]..— they will know their own,
and: now dear Sir I think I must take my leave of you for the present
least I weary you with my [Scrible | scribble]Scriblescribble: wishing [& | and]&and praying that great
Grace may be uppon you all — I remain yours in the Purest
Bonds of Christian love
[Sam.l | Samuel]Sam.lSamuel Savage[pers0465.ocp].
PS. Perhaps you may think that
what we have [allow.d | allowed]allow.dallowed [Dr | Dr.]DrDr. Whitaker[pers0037.ocp]
is but [Smal | small]Smalsmall:— in which I Joyn I cannot
but [Joyn | join]Joynjoin with you — I would [above] fainfain have
had it Doubled but they would not
[admitt | admit]admittadmit of it: a Very [Smal | small]Smalsmall consideration
for two years [& | and]&and half absence from his family
and Such a constant [illegible][guess (ivys): [Scean | scene]Sceanscene][Scean | scene]Sceanscene of labour
and [phatigue | fatigue]phatiguefatigue as he hath gone through.:
I am [dr S.r | dear Sir]dr S.rdear Sir once more [yr | your]yryour
 [freind | friend]freindfriend [& serv.t | and servant]& serv.tand servant for Christ Sake
 S. S —
From [M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. [Sam.l | Samuel]Sam.lSamuel Savage[pers0465.ocp]
 March [ | 5th]5.th5th 1768[1768-03-05]

[Rev.d | Rev.]Rev.dRev. [Doct.r | Dr.]Doct.rDr. [Wheellock | Wheelock]WheellockWheelock[pers0036.ocp]

 [ſhere | shere]ſhereshere

Kidderminster is a town located in the center of England, about 130 miles northwest of London. Kidderminster’s name is derived from “minster,” the Saxon word for a large church. The first written evidence of Kidderminster’s name can be found in the Domesday Book of 1086. The town would go on to become famous for its carpet industry in the 18th century. In 1768, the reverend of Kidderminster sent books, sermons and pamphlets to Wheelock for use at the Indian schools.


The capital and largest city of the United Kingdom, London is located in the southeastern region of England along the Thames River. The outpost that would become London originated as a military storage post for the Romans when they invaded Britain in the year 43. It soon developed as a trading center and financial hub for Roman Britain. During a revolt against the Romans in 61, London was burned to the ground; the rebuilt town appeared in Tacitus’s Annals as Londinium. With the decline of the Roman Empire in the 4th century, Londinium became a Saxon trading town. Following the Norman Conquest, London retained its central political and commercial importance. In the 14th century, under Edward II, Westminster became an administrative center and London became the capital of England. In the early 18th century, London was an important hub for evangelical Christianity and home to many influential people, like the charismatic Anglican minister, George Whitefield, who were sympathetic to Wheelock’s missionary endeavors. Occom arrived in London in February 1766 on his fundraising tour for Wheelock’s school and preached his first sermon at Whitefield’s Tabernacle. London would be Occom’s home base for the next two years, as he and Whitaker travelled throughout England and Scotland. Occom made many friends in London who would continue to support him after his break with Wheelock and the School. By the late 18th century, London had replaced Amsterdam as the center of world commerce, a role it would maintain until 1914.

Savage, Samuel

Samuel Savage was a London merchant and a member of the English Trust, the body formed to oversee money raised by Samson Occom and Nathaniel Whitaker in England between 1766 and 1768. His shop was on Gun Street, in Spitalfields, and he was likely a weaver. Few other personal details are known. Like most of Eleazar Wheelock’s English contacts, Savage was a follower of the evangelical George Whitefield, transatlantic celebrity of the First Great Awakening, and it was through Whitefield that Savage became involved in Wheelock’s initial attempts to gain a charter in the 1760s. Once Occom and Whitaker arrived in London in February 1766, Savage was part of the informal committee that handled their correspondence and suggested targets for fundraising. He was also made a member of the Trust when it was formally established in 1766. Savage, like John Thornton, continued to provide Wheelock with financial support after the fund was exhausted in 1775. Although most of the Englishmen who worked with Whitaker and Occom found Whitaker insufferable and praised Occom, Savage displayed a marked preference for Whitaker. Like Wheelock, he was worried that Occom would become prouder than he thought was appropriate for an Indian, and he expressed concerns that Whitaker had not been paid enough to compensate for his long absence from his family (no similar concerns about Occom’s family were voiced). Since Savage’s views on Occom were very close to the New England norm and represent a deviation from most Englishmen’s views, one is tempted to conclude that he had spent time in America or had been born there, but that is pure conjecture.

Wheelock, Eleazar

Eleazar Wheelock was a New Light Congregationalist minister who founded Dartmouth College. He was born into a very typical Congregationalist family, and began studying at Yale in 1729, where he fell in with the emerging New Light clique. The evangelical network that he built in college propelled him to fame as an itinerant minister during the First Great Awakening and gave him many of the contacts that he later drew on to support his charity school for Native Americans. Wheelock’s time as an itinerant minister indirectly brought about his charity school. When the Colony of Connecticut retroactively punished itinerant preaching in 1743, Wheelock was among those who lost his salary. Thus, in 1743, he began operating a grammar school to support himself. He was joined that December by Samson Occom, a Mohegan Indian, who sought out an education in hopes of becoming a teacher among his people. Occom’s academic success inspired Wheelock to train Native Americans as missionaries. To that end, he opened Moor’s Indian Charity School in 1754 (where he continued to train Anglo-American students who paid their own way as well as students who functionally indentured themselves to Wheelock as missionaries in exchange for an education). Between 1754 and 1769, when he relocated to New Hampshire, Wheelock trained approximately 60 male and female Native American students from nearby Algonquian tribes and from the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) of central New York. At the same time, he navigated the complicated politics of missionary societies by setting up his own board of the Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge, although he continued to feud with the Boston Board of the SSPCK and the London Commissioners in Boston (more colloquially called the New England Company). By the late 1760s, Wheelock had become disillusioned with the idea of Native American education. He was increasingly convinced that educating Native Americans was futile (several of his students had failed to conform to his confusing and contradictory standards), and, in late 1768, he lost his connection to the Haudenosaunee. With his inclination and ability to sponsor Native American missionaries largely depleted, Wheelock sought instead to fulfill his ultimate ambition of obtaining a charter and opening a college, which he did in 1769. To fund this new enterprise, Wheelock drew on the £12,000 that Samson Occom had raised for Moor’s Indian Charity School during a two-and-a-half year tour of Great Britain (1765 to 1768). Much of this money went towards clearing land and erecting buildings in New Hampshire for the Charity School’s relocation — infrastructure that also happened to benefit Dartmouth. Many of Wheelock’s contemporaries were outraged by what they saw as misuse of the money, as it was clear that Dartmouth College was not intended for Indians and that Moor’s had become a side project. Although Wheelock tried to maintain at least some commitment to Native American education by recruiting students from Canadian communities, the move did a great deal of damage to his public image. The last decade of Wheelock’s life was not easy. In addition to the problems of trying to set up a college far away from any Anglo-American urban center, Wheelock experienced the loss of relationships with two of his most famous and successful students, Samson Occom and Samuel Kirkland (an Anglo-American protégé). He also went into debt for Dartmouth College, especially after the fund raised in Britain was exhausted.

Whitaker, Nathaniel

Nathaniel Whitaker was an outspoken Presbyterian minister with a long and wide-ranging career. Between his ordination in 1755 and his death in 1795, Whitaker ministered to five different congregations. His longest tenure was at Chelsea, CT (near Norwich), from 1761-1769, during which he joined Occom on his two-and-a-half-year fundraising tour of Britain. While in Chelsea, Whitaker was very involved in Wheelock's project. The two engaged in frequent correspondence, and Whitaker served on Eleazar Wheelock's Board of Correspondents in Connecticut, as well as on the Board of Trustees of Moor's Indian Charity School. At one time, he was Wheelock's presumed successor, but Dartmouth's Trustees demanded that Wheelock appoint another. Wheelock, in part due to his strongly-held belief that Native Americans were childlike and rash, was convinced that Occom needed an Anglo-American supervisor on his fundraising tour. After several candidates turned down the job, Wheelock selected Whitaker. He proved to be a poor choice; he was, by many accounts, a difficult man to get along with, and many of Wheelock’s British allies, including George Whitefield and the English Trust (the organization that took control of the money Occom raised in England) preferred to deal with Occom, although Whitaker insisted on handling the tour’s logistics. Furthermore, in Britain, Occom was the obvious star of the tour, and it was unclear to many why Whitaker asserted himself so prominently. Whitaker’s poor decisions seriously alienated the English Trust and increased their suspicion of Wheelock’s later dealings and treatment of Occom. He gave the English Trust the impression that they would have control over money raised in Scotland (which was in fact lodged with the parent organization of the SSPCK), and he was the executor of the “Eells Affair,” a plan initiated by the CT Board of the SSPCK to bring the money that Occom and Whitaker raised back to the colonies by investing it in trade goods and selling them at a profit (Eells was one of the merchants who was to help with the resale of goods). The English Trust learned about the plan by reading letters that Whitaker had given them permission to open in his absence, and were immediately shocked. The wording of certain letters made it appear that only a percentage of the profit from the resale of the goods would go towards Moor’s Indian Charity School, but beyond that detail, the English Trust was scandalized at the thought of money raised for charity being invested in trade. The English Trust blamed Whitaker entirely for these affairs, and issued specific instructions for Occom to notarize all documents requiring Whitaker’s signature. In short, they wanted Occom to supervise Whitaker, when Wheelock had envisioned the opposite relationship (both Occom and Whitaker seem to have ignored their instructions, preferring to have as little contact with one another as possible). In 1769, a year after his return to Connecticut in 1768, Whitaker found himself dismissed by his Chelsea congregation (likely because he had spent two and a half years away from them). He went on to serve several more congregations before his death in 1795. Whitaker was an outspoken Whig, and during the Revolution he published several pamphlets on his political opinions.

Occom, Samson

Samson Occom was a Mohegan leader and ordained Presbyterian minister. Occom began his public career in 1742, when he was chosen as a tribal counselor to Ben Uncas II. The following year, he sought out Eleazar Wheelock, a young Anglo-American minister in Lebanon, CT, in hopes of obtaining some education and becoming a teacher at Mohegan. Wheelock agreed to take on Occom as a student, and though Occom had anticipated staying for a few weeks or months, he remained with Wheelock for four years. Occom’s academic success inspired Wheelock to open Moor’s Indian Charity School in 1754, a project which gave him the financial and political capital to establish Dartmouth College in 1769. After his time with Wheelock, Occom embarked on a 12-year mission to the Montauk of Long Island (1749-1761). He married a Montauk woman, Mary Fowler, and served as both teacher and missionary to the Montauk and nearby Shinnecock, although he was grievously underpaid for his services. Occom conducted two brief missions to the Oneida in 1761 and 1762 before embarking on one of the defining journeys of his career: a fundraising tour of Great Britain that lasted from 1765 to 1768. During this journey, undertaken on behalf of Moor’s Indian Charity School, Occom raised £12,000 (an enormous and unanticpated amount that translates roughly to more than two-million dollars), and won wide acclaim for his preaching and comportment. Upon his return to Mohegan in 1768, Occom discovered that Wheelock had failed to adequately care for his family while he was gone. Additionally, despite the vast sums of money that he had raised, Occom found himself unemployed. Wheelock tried to find Occom a missionary position, but Occom was in poor health and disinclined to leave his family again after seeing the treatment with which they had met while he was in Britain. Occom and Wheelock’s relationship continued to sour as it became apparent to Occom that the money he had labored to raise would be going towards infrastructure at Dartmouth College, Wheelock’s new project, rather than the education of Native Americans. After the dissolution of his relationship with Wheelock, Occom became increasingly focused on the needs of the Mohegan community and increasingly vocal in criticizing Anglo-Americans’ un-Christian treatment of Native Americans. In September of 1772, he delivered his famous “Sermon on the Execution of Moses Paul,” which took Anglo-American spiritual hypocrisy as one of its major themes, and which went into four printings before the end of the year. In 1773, Occom became further disillusioned when the Mason Land Case was decided in favor of the Colony of Connecticut. The details of the Mason Case are complicated, but to summarize: the Colony of Connecticut had gained control of Mohegan land early in the 18th century under very suspect circumstances, and successfully fended off the Mohegan’s 70-year-long legal challenge. The conclusion of the case came as a blow to the Mohegans, and further convinced Occom of Anglo-American corruption. Along with David Fowler (Montauk Tribe), Occom's brother-in-law, and Joseph Johnson (Mohegan), Occom's son-in-law, Occom helped found Brothertown, an Indian tribe formed from the Christian Mohegans, Pequots, Narragansetts, Montauks, Tunxis, and Niantics. They eventually settled in Oneida country in upstate New York. Occom moved there with his family in 1789, spending the remaining years of his life serving as a minster to the Brothertown, Stockbridge, and Mohegan Indians. Harried by corrupt land agents, the Brothertown and Stockbridge groups relocated to the eastern shore of Lake Winnebago, though Occom died in 1792 before he could remove himself and his family there. Occom's writings and legacy have made him one of the best known and most eminent Native Americans of the 18th century and beyond.

Kirkland, Samuel

Samuel Kirkland (b. Kirtland) was Eleazar Wheelock’s most famous Anglo American student. He conducted a 40-year mission to the Oneidas and founded Hamilton College (established in 1793 as Hamilton Oneida Academy). Kirkland won acclaim as a missionary at a young age by conducting an adventurous and risky mission to the Senecas, the westernmost of the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) Six Nations. After his year and a half among them, which was well publicized by Wheelock, he was ordained and sent as a missionary to the Oneidas under the auspices of the Connecticut Board of the Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge. He spent most of the rest of his life serving the Oneidas as a minister. Kirkland’s sincere devotion to serving as a missionary was excellent publicity for Wheelock’s program, but it also brought the two men into conflict. Wheelock became jealous of Kirkland when the school’s British benefactors began urging Wheelock to make Kirkland his heir, and Kirkland, meanwhile, was upset that Wheelock had failed to provide him with sufficient supplies on his mission — a complaint that he was unafraid to publicize (and that almost all of Wheelock’s other students shared). The breaking point came in 1770, when Kirkland split from Wheelock’s Connecticut Board and affiliated with the New England Company, a missionary society that had abruptly turned against Wheelock in 1765. Wheelock and Kirkland briefly made up in 1771, but their relationship quickly dissolved into further acrimony. Although Kirkland spent most of his life as a missionary to the Six Nations, he generally held disparaging views of Native Americans. He did not approve of Wheelock’s plan to educate Indians as missionaries, and was haughty towards the Moor’s alumni that worked with him (notably David Fowler, Joseph Johnson, and Joseph Woolley). Prior to the Revolution, Kirkland had been stringent in his refusals to take Oneida land, even when offered to him. The Revolution seems to have shifted his loyalties from the Oneidas to local Anglo Americans. Kirkland served as a chaplain in the American army and was instrumental in convincing the Oneidas to remain neutral (or, more accurately, to side with the Americans). At one point he was the chaplain with General Sullivan’s army, the force sent to ransack Seneca and Cayuga territory in 1779. It is unclear what emotions this aroused in Kirkland, who had served the Senecas less than 15 years earlier, yet after the war, Kirkland freely engaged in Oneida dispossession. Along with James Dean, another Wheelock alumnus with close ties to the Oneidas, Kirkland played a pivotal role in urging the Oneidas to sell land illegally to the state of New York. The land deals that resulted gave Kirkland the property, financial capital, and connections to establish Hamilton Oneida Academy. The last decades of Kirkland’s life were difficult. He found himself in a three-way battle with Samson Occom and John Sergeant Jr., who were also ministers in Oneida territory, for the hearts and minds of their congregations; he was fired as a missionary in 1797, although he continued to serve sans salary; one of his son’s business enterprises failed, leaving Kirkland nearly destitute; and two of his three sons died unexpectedly. Hamilton Oneida Academy, like Moor’s Indian Charity School, largely failed at its goal of educating Indians, and in 1812, four years after Kirkland’s death, it was re-purposed as Hamilton College, a largely Anglo-American institution. At some point in the mid-to-late 18th century, Kirkland changed his name from Kirtland, although the reasons for this are uncertain.

Wheelock, Rodulphus

Ralph Rodulphus Wheelock was Wheelock's oldest son and heir apparent. While Wheelock believed that Ralph showed great aptitude for the "Indian business," others saw Ralph as arrogant and abrasive. He also suffered from epilepsy, which seriously impeded his ability to work. He died in Hanover as an invalid under almost constant care and guardianship. Wheelock's struggle to accept his son's illness and his son's struggle to overcome it provide an undercurrent for some of the stranger events in the history of Moor's Indian Charity School and Dartmouth College. Ralph grew up surrounded by and dedicated to Indian education, but also with an inflated sense of Wheelock's, and his own, importance, which stayed with him for much of his life. Joseph Brant recounts a telling anecdote: Ralph once ordered William Major, Sir William Johnson's son, to saddle his horse on the grounds that he was the son of a gentleman and William Major was not. Ralph was unable to finish coursework at the College of New Jersey, which he attended from 1761-1763, although he graduated from Yale in 1765. He made three tours of the Six Nations (in 1766, 1767, and 1768), assisting ministers in bringing back children and negotiating with tribes. He taught at Moor's for two years, and was briefly considered as a companion for Occom on the Fundraising Tour. Wheelock formally named him as his heir in the 1768 draft of his will. However, Wheelock's reliance on Ralph brought disastrous consequences for the school. In the spring of 1768, Wheelock sent Ralph to the Onondagas and Oneidas to negotiate about schoolmasters and missionaries. Once there, Ralph managed to offend the assembled chiefs beyond repair. Ralph blamed his failure on Kirkland, and it was not until 1772 that Wheelock learned the truth of the matter. It is likely that Ralph's conduct influenced the Oneidas' decision to pull their children out of Moor's later in 1768: Wheelock himself implied as much in his 1771 Journal. By the early 1770s, Wheelock had realized that Ralph was never going to take over Dartmouth College. In a later will, Wheelock provided Ralph with £50 per annum for his care, to be paid out by the College, and stipulated that his other heirs should look after his oldest son. Because Ralph was unable to serve as Wheelock's heir, the presidency of the College passed to John Wheelock, a soldier who had no theological training or desire to run a college.

Wheelock, Mary (née Brinsmead)

Mary Wheelock was born Mary Brinsmead on July 26, 1714 in Milford, Connecticut. In the year following the death of his first wife, Eleazar began to court Mary Brinsmead, and the two married on November 21, 1747. Mary and Eleazar had five children together, including John, who would succeed his father as President of Dartmouth College. Little appears in the historical record about Mary, but many of the people who wrote to Wheelock, especially his Native correspondents who often lived with the family, referred to her warmly. In September 1770, Mary dismantled her longtime home in Connecticut, and travelled with her children to the Wheelocks' new home in the wilderness of New Hampshire. They rode in a coach sent over from England by John Thornton, accompanied by 30 Charity School students on foot. Eleazar, who had gone ahead to build housing for everyone, wrote a letter to Mary with many instructions about the move; the disposition of domestic animals, people, supplies; and the acquisition of money that suggests she was an able and trustworthy manager (manuscript 770510.1; this manuscript is not included in Occom Circle documents). She died in 1784 in Hanover, New Hampshire, where she is buried in the Dartmouth College Cemetery.

Fawcett, Benjamin
Brine, John
Fundraising Tour of Great Britain
After many months of planning and shifting personnel, Occom, accompanied by the minister Nathaniel Whitaker, sets sail in December 1765 for a two-and-a-half year tour of England and Scotland in order to solicit contributions to Wheelock’s Indian Charity School and missionary efforts. Introduced to aristocrats and prominent clergy by the minister George Whitefield, Occom preaches many sermons, travels widely, and collects a large sum of money.
Document Summary

People identified in this document:

id Text in document Role in header Authorized Name
pers0037.ocp D r Dr. Whitaker mentioned Whitaker, Nathaniel
pers0030.ocp M r Mr. Occom s ; Occom's mentioned Occom, Samson
pers0030.ocp M r Mr. Occom mentioned Occom, Samson
pers0315.ocp M r Mr. Kirtland mentioned Kirkland, Samuel
pers0578.ocp your Son mentioned Wheelock, Rodulphus
pers0315.ocp m r Mr. Kirtland mentioned Kirkland, Samuel
pers0577.ocp M. rs Mrs. Wheelock mentioned Wheelock, Mary (née Brinsmead)
pers0729.ocp Rev d Rev. M. r Mr. Benj Benjamin Fawcett mentioned Fawcett, Benjamin
pers0725.ocp M. rs Mrs. Brine mentioned Brine
pers0726.ocp Rev d Rev. M r Mr. John Brine mentioned Brine, John
pers0030.ocp M r Mr. Occom s Occom's mentioned Occom, Samson
pers0465.ocp Sam. l Samuel Savage writer Savage, Samuel
pers0036.ocp Doct. r Dr. Wheellock Wheelock recipient Wheelock, Eleazar

Places identified in this document:

id Text in document Authorized Name
place0128.ocp London London
place0068.ocp England England
place0306.ocp Kidderminster Kidderminster
place0307.ocp Worstershire Worstershire
place0128.ocp london London

This document does not contain any tagged organizations.

Dates identified in this document:

Standard Form Text
1768-03-05 March 5:th5th 1768
1768-03-05 March 5.th5th 1768

Regularized text:

Type Original Regularized
modernization 5:th 5th
modernization Rev.d Rev.
variation backwardng backwarding
variation hindred hindered
variation opertunity opportunity
variation aline a line
modernization everlaſting everlasting
variation gospell Gospel
variation Shal shall
modernization Dr Dr.
modernization Mr Mr.
modernization Occoms; Occom's
variation deligence diligence
modernization faithfulneſs faithfulness
variation honnour honour
variation allso also
modernization Succeſs success
modernization bleſs bless
modernization reſpect respect
variation affraid afraid
variation Some times sometimes
modernization almoſt almost
variation Sufferd suffered
variation evill evil
variation digg dig
variation pitt pit
modernization mr Mr.
variation mony money
modernization fickleneſs fickleness
variation Succes success
modernization yt that
variation Stript striped
variation Camblett camblet
modernization Mrs.
modernization &c etc.
variation Sutes suits
modernization Revd Rev.
modernization M.r Mr.
variation pampletts pamphlets
variation Widdo widow
modernization Occoms Occom's
variation Scrible scribble
variation Smal small
variation Joyn join
variation admitt admit
variation Scean scene
variation phatigue fatigue
variation freind friend
modernization 5th
modernization Doct.r Dr.
variation Wheellock Wheelock
modernization ſhere shere

Expanded abbreviations:

Abbreviation Expansion
& and
careſs'd caressed
Dr Dear
wch which which
Benj Benjamin
Sam.l Samuel
allow.d allowed
dr S.r dear Sir
yr your
& serv.t and servant

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Summary of errors found in this document:

Number of dates with invalid 'when' attributes: 0
Number of nested "hi" tags: (consider merging the @rend attributes, or using other tags) 0
Number of tags with invalid 'rend' attributes: 0 (out of 46)
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HomeSamuel Savage, letter, to Eleazar Wheelock, 1768 March 5
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