Eleazar Wheelock, letter, to the Trust in England, 1767 October 8


[note (type: abstract): Wheelock copies an extract from his son Ralph’s journal describing a trip to Oneida Country, and relates the progress of the mission work there.][note (type: handwriting): Informal handwriting is small, crowded and frequently difficult to decipher. There are several deletions and additions, as well as uncrossed t’s and undotted i’s. Letter case frequently difficult to decipher][note (type: paper): Large sheet folded into four pages is in fair condition, with light-to-moderate staining, creasing and wear. There is evidence of old repair work on the central crease.][note (type: noteworthy): Persons whose identites are uncertain have been left untagged. This document is likely a draft.][note (type: layout): Addendum in left margin of one recto spills over onto two verso, indicating that the addendum was written with the paper laid flat, after the text on two verso was written.]
  To the [R.t | Right]R.tRight [Honle | Honourable]HonleHonourable the Earl of Dartmouth[pers0153.ocp]  and [illegible][illegible] [Honle | Honourable]HonleHonourable [& | and]&and worthy Gentlemen[org0103.ocp] who have  accepted the [Truſt | Trust]TruſtTrust of the [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): Fund]Fund for the Indian charity-  school[org0098.ocp] [&c | etc.]&cetc.  Dear [M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. Keen[pers0301.ocp].  My Noble [Honle | Honourable]HonleHonourable [& | and]&and worthy Sirs 
In mine to You[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. ^[above] Keen^Keen[pers0301.ocp] [& | and]&and [M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. Whitaker[pers0037.ocp] of [2d | 2nd]2d2nd [& | and]&and [3.d | 3rd]3.d3rd [ult.o | ultimo]ult.oultimo ^[above] which I [truſt | trust]truſttrust [y.o | you]y.oyou [ha' | have]ha'have [ſeen | seen]ſeenseen^which I [truſt | trust]truſttrust [y.o | you]y.oyou [ha' | have]ha'have [ſeen | seen]ſeenseen I [informd | informed]informdinformed   You [y.t | that]y.tthat I had Sent my Son[pers0578.ocp] into the [Wilderneſs | Wilderness]WilderneſsWilderness. he [returnd | returned]returndreturned from  his long [& | and]&and fatiguing Tour [25th | 25th]25th25th [ulto | ultimo ]ultoultimo the Copy of Sir William [Johnſon | Johnson]JohnſonJohnson[pers0292.ocp]'s  Letter [illegible][encloſed | enclosed]encloſedenclosed Sufficiently [expreſses | expresses]expreſsesexpresses the Tenor of his [Diſcourſe | discourse]Diſcourſediscourse with my  Son[pers0578.ocp] — on which My Son[pers0578.ocp] thought proper not to attempt to collect  [y.e | the]y.ethe Schools, or [ingage | engage]ingageengage [Miſsionaries | missionaries]Miſsionariesmissionaries ['till | 'til]'till'til [ſir | Sir]ſirSir John [Johnſon | Johnson]JohnſonJohnson[pers0621.ocp]'s Return, or  [till | 'til]till'til we could hear further hear of the Affair of [Miſsionaries | missionaries]Miſsionariesmissionaries from Home.  The following is an [Abſtract | abstract]Abſtractabstract of my Son[pers0578.ocp]'s Journal from thence to [Onoida | Oneida]OnoidaOneida [place0179.ocp]  viz;; [Sept.r | September]Sept.rSeptember [9th | 9th]9th9th [reachd | reached]reachdreached [Thompſon's | Thompson's]Thompſon'sThompson's[pers0540.ocp] [y.e | the]y.ethe [leſt | last]leſtlast [Engliſh | English]EngliſhEnglish Inhabitant on this Side  [M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. Kirtland[pers0315.ocp]s.  [10.th | 10th]10.th10th [Thurſday | Thursday]ThurſdayThursday — here find Indians Settling the Bounds of Lands ^[above] as I was [inform'd | informed]inform'dinformed ^as I was [inform'd | informed]inform'dinformed which ,  [ſir | Sir]ſirSir William[pers0292.ocp] ^[above] had^had bought of them for [ſir | Sir]ſirSir Henry Moore[pers0620.ocp], [& | and]&and other Gentlemen  in [N. | New]N.New York[place0166.ocp] — many of them were Drunk, but on hearing my Name  they treated me with [diſtinguiſhing | distinguishing]diſtinguiſhingdistinguishing ma[illegible]rks of [Reſpect | respect]Reſpectrespect. — I hired an  Indian [Ladd | lad]Laddlad to conduct me 36. miles [thro' | through]thro'through the Woods to [M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. Kirtland[pers0315.ocp]s  — a very wet Day and no ^[above] House for^House for [refreſhment | refreshment]refreſhmentrefreshment — reach [M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. Kirtland[pers0315.ocp]s [abo.t | about]abo.tabout 6 o'Clock  in [y.e | the]y.ethe Evening — was [agreably | agreeably]agreablyagreeably [Surprized | surprised]Surprizedsurprised to find his Situation [amidſt | amidst]amidſtamidst Such a Number  of [Hutts | huts]Huttshuts, and to See [y.e | the]y.ethe Active Appearance of So many Souls — and though ^[above] [Wett | wet]Wettwet [& | and]&and^[Wett | wet]Wettwet [& | and]&and much  tired, could Scarce find Time to Shift my [Cloths | clothes]Clothsclothes, or take [Refreſhment | refreshment]Refreſhmentrefreshment, the Sound of  my [Arival | arrival]Arivalarrival being Soon Spread [thro' | through]thro'through the Whole [Caſtle | Castle]CaſtleCastle[place0114.ocp]. The Grey headed, middle  aged youth [& | and]&and Children [flockd | flocked]flockdflocked in Swarms to [wellcome | welcome]wellcomewelcome me their Father, the  [fleſh | flesh]fleſhflesh of their GrandGreat Father[pers0036.ocp] (for [ſo | so]ſoso they [termd | termed]termdtermed it). And give me Gods [Bleſsing | blessing]Bleſsingblessing  and pray for one to be given ^[above] them^them by me, (for Such were the Terms they used) I was  [complemented | complimented]complementedcomplimented with friendly Salutations of all kinds, and Such as [appeard | appeared]appeardappeared hearty. —  this throng held ['till | 'til]'till'til 9 O'Clock when [M.r | Mr.]M.r Mr. Kirtland[pers0315.ocp] told them I was weary [& | and]&and wanted  [Reſt | rest]Reſtrest — that they [muſt | must]muſtmust come tomorrow morning for God's News [&c | etc.]&cetc.   I found [M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. Kirtland[pers0315.ocp] in high Spirits, full of Zeal, his whole Heart [& | and]&and Soul engaged  in his work — He has made [proviſion | provision]proviſionprovision for a comfortable [Subſiſtance | subsistence]Subſiſtancesubsistence [thro' | through]thro'through the  winter, for which he is none in Debt. his [Proſpects | prospects]Proſpectsprospects of [Succeſs | success]Succeſssuccess Among them  are great [& | and]&and [increaſing | increasing]increaſingincreasing — many added to his Congregation — there are now  upwards of 80 families — there were five new [Hutts | huts]Huttshuts then in building — [& | and]&and [M.r  | Mr.]M.r Mr. Kirtland[pers0315.ocp] told me he expected 1210. or 1512. more this fall —  [11th | 11th]11th11th friday — I was [rouſed | roused]rouſedroused from my [Blankett | blanket]Blankettblanket this morning by the Indians who  wanted to know whether I was Sick or Well — and impatient to See me by the  [Day light | daylight]Day lightdaylight — after [Brakefaſt | breakfast]Brakefaſtbreakfast I walked with [M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. Kirtland[pers0315.ocp] [thro' | through]thro'through the Town[place0114.ocp], we [calld | called]calldcalled   at every House that we might not give offence, and had all the [Reſpect | respect]Reſpectrespect [ſhewn | shown]ſhewnshown  me in their Power.— [M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. Kirtland[pers0315.ocp] had heard of my being on the Road  and [leſt | lest]leſtlest I Should not extend my Journey further than the [Mohocks | Mohawks]MohocksMohawks[org0062.ocp], had Sent  3 of their Boys [& | and]&and one Girl forward the Day before to meet me at Buttlers‐ ‐burrough[place0250.ocp]. (one of these Boys was [y.e | the]y.ethe Son of Gawke[pers0630.ocp] their [Cheif | Chief]CheifChief who died the Spring  before [laſt | last]laſtlast, [& | and]&and when he was dying left charge with his Queen to Send her Children  to be [inſtructed | instructed]inſtructedinstructed at this School as Soon as they were old Enough) — the Queen  his mother [Sat | set]Satset out with them under the Care of David Fowler[pers0155.ocp] (whom my father[pers0036.ocp] had  Sent for to take care of his Aged [& | and]&and Suffering Parents [& | and]&and teach a School at [Muntauck | Montauk]MuntauckMontauk[place0144.ocp])  at fort Stanwix[place0081.ocp] they [loſt | lost]loſtlost one of their [Horſes | horses]Horſeshorses —#on which the Queen [& | and]&and two of the Boys^[above] her Son with [y.e | the]y.ethe Girl went forward with David[pers0155.ocp]^her Son with [y.e | the]y.ethe Girl went forward with David[pers0155.ocp]  returned ^[above] her Son with the Girl went forward with David[pers0155.ocp]. She came direct [ſhe | she]ſheshe hearing that I^her Son with the Girl went forward with David[pers0155.ocp]. She came direct [ſhe | she]ſheshe hearing that I And Seem [vaſtly | vastly]vaſtlyvastly [pleaſed | pleased]pleaſedpleased to [ſee | see]ſeesee me. I [aſked | asked]aſkedasked the Children if they would go  ^[left] [illegible] [illegible] [& | and]&and come with [y.e | the]y.ethe Boys direct to [M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. Kirtland[pers0315.ocp]s with [y.e | the]y.ethe Boys, [tho' | though]tho' though they were fatigued [& | and]&and [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): wet to [y.e | the]y.ethe ]wet to [y.e | the]y.ethe Skin^[illegible] [illegible] [& | and]&and come with [y.e | the]y.ethe Boys direct to [M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. Kirtland[pers0315.ocp]s with [y.e | the]y.ethe Boys, [tho' | though]tho' though they were fatigued [& | and]&and [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): wet to [y.e | the]y.ethe ]wet to [y.e | the]y.ethe Skin  [illegible] Seemd [vaſtly | vastly]vaſtlyvastly [pleaſd | pleased]pleaſdpleased[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): to] to [ſee | see]ſeesee me I [aſkd | asked]aſkdasked the Children [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): if]if they  [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): wo.d]wo.d 
[left] #on which the Queen and two of the [ye | the]yethe Boys returned her Son [& | and]&and the Girl went  forward with David[pers0155.ocp]. before the Queen came to town [ſhe | she]ſheshe heard that I  was come, and [tho' | though]tho'though [wetto | wet to]wettowet to the Skin [& | and]&and fatigued with her [travil | travel]traviltravel, She came  direct to [M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. Kirtland[pers0315.ocp]s with the Boys, to [ſee | see]ſeesee me  and [Seemd | seemed]Seemdseemed [vaſtly | vastly]vaſtlyvastly [pleaſd | pleased]pleaſdpleased [y.t | that]y.tthat [y.[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): a]a | they]y.[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): a]athey were come. I [aſked | asked]aſkedasked  the Boys if they would go with me [tomorro | tomorrow]tomorrotomorrow   morning
#on which the Queen and two of the [ye | the]yethe Boys returned her Son [& | and]&and the Girl went  forward with David[pers0155.ocp]. before the Queen came to town [ſhe | she]ſheshe heard that I  was come, and [tho' | though]tho'though [wetto | wet to]wettowet to the Skin [& | and]&and fatigued with her [travil | travel]traviltravel, She came  direct to [M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. Kirtland[pers0315.ocp]s with the Boys, to [ſee | see]ſeesee me  and [Seemd | seemed]Seemdseemed [vaſtly | vastly]vaſtlyvastly [pleaſd | pleased]pleaſdpleased [y.t | that]y.tthat [y.[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): a]a | they]y.[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): a]athey were come. I [aſked | asked]aſkedasked  the Boys if they would go with me [tomorro | tomorrow]tomorrotomorrow   morning   
with me tomorrow morning, they [conſented | consented]conſentedconsented to it with the [greateſt | greatest]greateſtgreatest [Chirfulneſs | cheerfulness]Chirfulneſscheerfulness  [& | and]&and Seeming [eagerneſs | eagerness]eagerneſseagerness to be on [y.e | the]y.ethe way —  12. Saturday —. this morning hired a Boy to carry a letter after David[pers0155.ocp] to Stop him at  [y.e | the]y.ethe [Mohock | Mohawk]MohockMohawk [Caſtle | Castle]CaſtleCastle[place0026.ocp] ^[above] [till | 'til]till'til I [& | and]&and [y.e | the]y.ethe other Boys [Shod | should]Shodshould come up with them^[till | 'til]till'til I [& | and]&and [y.e | the]y.ethe other Boys [Shod | should]Shodshould come up with them— And another to [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): [looke | look]lookelook ][looke | look]lookelook the [Horſe | horse]Horſehorse that was [loſt | lost]loſtlost — And another to carry  a Belt of Wampum to the Indian ^[above] [Cheif | Chief]CheifChief ^[Cheif | Chief]CheifChief at Old [Onoida | Oneida]OnoidaOneida [place0179.ocp] (where they have never had an [Engliſh | English]EngliſhEnglish  [Miſsionary | missionary]Miſsionarymissionary or [School Maſter | schoolmaster]School Maſterschoolmaster) [deſiring | desiring]deſiringdesiring Him to come [& | and]&and hear my [Meſsage | message]Meſsagemessage — the [1.st | 1st]1.st1st [& | and]&and [2d | 2nd]2d2nd   of these Boys effected their [Deſign | design]Deſigndesign — the [ 3d | 3rd] 3d3rd returned with a[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): [ye | the]yethe ][ye | the]yethe Belt [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): Same]Same Belt of [friendſhip | friendship]friendſhipfriendship  with this [meſsage | message]meſsagemessage [y.t | that]y.tthat he was then labouring under a fit of [y.e | the]y.ethe [Feaver | fever]Feaverfever [& | and]&and ague but [wod | would]wodwould   wait on me the next Day at 12 o'Clock. — I have not yet Spoke with  Jacob[pers0745.ocp] who went Home on a [viſit | visit]viſitvisit [laſt | last]laſtlast Spring, by my Fathers[pers0036.ocp] leave, but  through the Influence of his bad Aunts, has much [out Stayed | outstayed]out Stayedoutstayed his Time — I  have Seen him Several Times but have treated him and his Family with  Slight — Spent the Day with [M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. Kirtland[pers0315.ocp] in Settling the Affair of his  School — they [ingaged | engaged]ingagedengaged to Send 28 Children at [leaſt | least]leaſtleast — many of whom have  made [laudible | laudable]laudiblelaudable Proficiency already under David Fowler[pers0155.ocp].— at Evening I  attended their Singing Meeting and was [Surprized | surprised]Surprizedsurprised at the [Profeciency | proficiency]Profeciencyproficiency they  have made at which they Sang Several Sacred Hymns in their own Language  which [ M.r | Mr.] M.rMr. Kirtland[pers0315.ocp] has made [& | and]&and Set to [muſick | music]muſickmusic — and [illegible] ^[above] as [ſoon | soon]ſoonsoon as^as [ſoon | soon]ſoonsoon as he can have [leiſure | leisure]leiſureleisure for it  he [deſigns | designs]deſignsdesigns to [tranſlate | translate]tranſlatetranslate a Number of [Pſalms | Psalms]PſalmsPsalms [& | and]&and Sacred Hymns into Indian  metre (in addition to a few they already have, which was done many years  ago) and prepare them for the [Preſs | press]Preſspress — I found that I could [eaſily | easily]eaſilyeasily have [bro.t | brought]bro.tbrought away  — with me [9. 10ths | 9/10ths]9. 10ths9/10ths of the Children of that [Caſtle | Castle]CaſtleCastle[place0114.ocp] if I would.—  [13.th | 13th]13.th13th. Lords Day — at 10 o'Clock [y.e | the]y.ethe Horn Sounded for meeting — on which I could  not refrain from weeping at the Sight of Such a Swarm of [Tawney | tawny]Tawneytawny [immortels | immortals]immortelsimmortals in  their beggarly Habit flocking with [ſuch | such]ſuchsuch appearance of Zeal and [eagerneſs | eagerness]eagerneſseagerness to  their [Long House | longhouse]Long Houselonghouse for divine [worſhip | worship]worſhipworship — a more [Solomn | solemn]Solomnsolemn [Aſsembly | assembly]Aſsemblyassembly I [ſcarſely | scarcely]ſcarſelyscarcely  ever Saw in my Life — [M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. Kirtland[pers0315.ocp] [tho' | though]tho'though I could not [underſtand | understand]underſtandunderstand him, [appeard | appeared]appeardappeared   to act the Indian Orator to perfection — the [Aſsembly | assembly]Aſsemblyassembly heard with great  Attention — the Queen Sat near me both parts of [ye | the]yethe Day, and wept at hearing  the word — all parts of [y.e | the]y.ethe [worſhip | worship]worſhipworship were [performd | performed]performdperformed with Great Decency—   This morning a [Cherockee | Cherokee]CherockeeCherokee [org0021.ocp] Indian, who was [illegible][Sever.l | several]Sever.lseveral years ago taken captive by  the [Onoidas | Oneidas]OnoidasOneidas[org0075.ocp], and adopted into one of their families to Supply the Place of  one [y.t | that]y.tthat was [killd | killed]killdkilled in [ ye | the] yethe War, came ^[above] from [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): [uriſkne | Oriskany]uriſkneOriskany[place0183.ocp]][uriſkne | Oriskany]uriſkneOriskany[place0183.ocp]^from [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): [uriſkne | Oriskany]uriſkneOriskany[place0183.ocp]][uriſkne | Oriskany]uriſkneOriskany[place0183.ocp] to [Viſit | visit]Viſitvisit me, and [appeard | appeared]appeardappeared indeed  like a babe in [Chriſt | Christ]ChriſtChrist, [M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. Kirtland[pers0315.ocp] Hopes he is really converted, he had  been Seeking a birth for [himſelf | himself]himſelfhimself, wife, [& | and]&and one Child, in this Town[place0114.ocp] that  they might Enjoy [ M.r | Mr.] M.rMr. Kirtland[pers0315.ocp]s [Miniſtry | ministry]Miniſtryministry.   In the [Intermiſsion | intermission]Intermiſsionintermission, on my return from Meeting I met the [Cheif | Chief]CheifChief of old [Onoida | Oneida]OnoidaOneida[place0179.ocp]  ^[above] according to his appointment^according to his appointment accompanied [illegible]by one of his Council— he Saluted me kindly.  thanked me for Coming and hoped it would be for good to them —  I delivered him the Belt with my Speech, by the Same Title of [Bretheren | Brethren]BretherenBrethren   which My Father[pers0036.ocp] had used in his Letter to them — and as it was the  [3 d | 3rd]3 d3rd Time ^[above] my Father[pers0036.ocp] had Sent to them^my Father[pers0036.ocp] had Sent to them (which [acordg | according]acordgaccording to indian [Cuſtom | custom]Cuſtomcustom is [y.e | the]y.ethe [Laſt | last]Laſtlast) I was full plain [& | and]&and  severe with them — I told them my Father[pers0036.ocp] had Sent once More, an offer  of the Gospel to them, and it was the [laſt | last]laſtlast Time they were to expect it from  Him, And if they would not accept it, his hands were clear of their Blood,  they [muſt | must]muſtmust take the [Conſequences | consequences]Conſequencesconsequences [& | and]&and go to Hell in their own way.—  I immediately [roſe | rose]roſerose up [& | and]&and went out as tho' I had done with them — They [diſcourſd | discoursed]diſcourſddiscoursed  [togather | together]togathertogether about a quarter of an Hour, and after I was returned to [ye | the]yethe Room they  [Spake | spoke]Spakespoke to me — thanked me for coming — hoped the Hearts of their Tribe[org0075.ocp] [wod | would]wodwould come  [togather | together]togathertogether — were very Sorry they had behaved So bad [y.t | that]y.tthat I [co.d | could]co.dcould not call them  Children — Said they had [conſiderd | considered]conſiderdconsidered my [ſpeech | speech]ſpeechspeech — that they Should for [themſelves | themselves]themſelvesthemselves  be glad if their Indians would accept the offer. they could Speak only for [ymſelves | themselves]ymſelvesthemselves  and [promiſed | promised]promiſedpromised to Send his [Grandſon | grandson]Grandſongrandson which was [ye | the]yethe only one he could command —  Said they would call the [illegible]Tribe [togather | together]togathertogether the Next Day to hear my [Meſsage | message]Meſsagemessage  they [thankd | thanked]thankdthanked my Father[pers0036.ocp] that he had Sent to them twice before — [& | and]&and was very Sorry  they had behaved So Ill that their Great father[pers0036.ocp] could not give them the Title  of Children — I told them if they behaved well accepted of my Father[pers0036.ocp]s Offer  — treated mr. Kirtland[pers0315.ocp] well — Sent [y.r | their]y.rtheir Children to School — [& | and]&and behaved well [till | 'til]till'til   
Next Spring they Should have the Title of Children.  About 9 o'Clock this Evening [on | one]onone of the Council came in to [aſk | ask]aſkask [forgiveneſs | forgiveness]forgiveneſsforgiveness for  Jacob[pers0745.ocp]s Aunts for keeping him at Home — and to plead for him that he [mig.t | might]mig.tmight   return to School — they were afraid to come — I told him I had nothing to do  in that Matter but with them — they were able to come and Speak for [ym[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): ſls]ſls | themselves]ym[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): ſls]ſlsthemselves  — And when they were Sorry enough they [wod | would]wodwould do it — and So Sent him  off —  ^[left] 14^14 Monday — This morning gave orders ^[above] advice^advice to the Council of many things, viz  to remove their [School House | schoolhouse]School Houseschoolhouse to a Dry Place — to be kind to their Father  — to keep their [Promiſe | promise]Promiſepromise with Regard to drink — to Send their Children to  School — attend the [worſhip | worship]worſhipworship of God — [&c | etc.]&cetc. [&c | etc.]&cetc. all which they [Promiſed | promised]Promiſedpromised  to mind — they [bro.t | brought]bro.tbrought 6 of their Boys to Me wh[illegible][illegible][guess (h-dawnd): om]om I [underſtood | understood]underſtoodunderstood to be of  the [cheif | chief]cheifchief [famities | families]famitiesfamilies in the place and urged me to take them — [offerd | offered]offerdoffered to  give them to me — two of [ye | the]yethe Boys [cryed | cried]cryedcried to comego with me, whom I paci‐ ‐fied with [bitts | bits]bittsbits of Silver—   Jacob[pers0745.ocp]s two Aunts came and in a humble manner, and one of them with  Tears [aſked | asked]aſkedasked [forgivneſs | forgiveness]forgivneſsforgiveness for detaining Jacob[pers0745.ocp]. they [confeſsd | confessed]confeſsdconfessed their Ingratitude [prayd | prayed]praydprayed me to take him [& | and]&and do as I [pleaſed | pleased]pleaſedpleased with him — I [appeard | appeared]appeardappeared [careleſs | careless]careleſscareless About  his coming told them I did not want him I could get boys enough. If he  had a mind to turn Indian again he might [&c | etc.]&cetc. — finally [conſented | consented]conſentedconsented he [ſhould | should]ſhouldshould  come [& | and]&and accordingly [bro.t | brought]bro.tbrought him with me.   [abo.t | about]abo.tabout 2 oClock took my leave of this [Caſtle | Castle]CaſtleCastle[place0114.ocp] — and an Affecting parting it  was — [Sat | set]Satset off with [Rev.d | Rev.]Rev.dRev. [M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. Kirtland[pers0315.ocp], Jacob[pers0745.ocp] and my two little Boys —  [reachd | reached]reachdreached Old [Onoida | Oneida]OnoidaOneida [place0179.ocp] a little before Night— the Town, what of them were at  Home had been [togather | together]togathertogether and had agreed to Supply a School with 14. Children  which they can command [beſides | besides]beſidesbesides the Children of those that were abroad.— two  [famities | families]famitiesfamilies yet remain as inveterate [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): haters]haters of [M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. Kirtland[pers0315.ocp] and his [meaſures | measures]meaſuresmeasures as ever.  this is a [Surpizing | surprising]Surpizingsurprising change Since [laſt | last]laſtlast Spring when there were but two or three of  their [Hutts | huts]Huttshuts [y.t | that]y.tthat [M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. Kirtland[pers0315.ocp] [tho't | thought]tho'tthought it Safe ^[above] for him^for him to go into. — they [deſired | desired]deſireddesired me as my  Father[pers0036.ocp]'s [Repreſentative | representative]Repreſentativerepresentative to order [M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. Kirtland[pers0315.ocp] to preach to them half the time   I told them they been So ungrateful, and behaved [them Selves | themselves]them Selvesthemselves So [baſely | basely]baſelybasely while their  [Bretheren | Brethren]BretherenBrethren at [Kanwarohare | Kanawalohale]KanwarohareKanawalohale[place0114.ocp] had received the Gospel, left [of | off]ofoff their old vices and behaved  So well, that they [muſt | must]muſtmust now be content with [M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. Kirtland[pers0315.ocp] every [3.d | 3rd]3.d3rd [Sabath | Sabbath]SabathSabbath.—  they thanked me for that and [promiſed | promised]promiſedpromised they [wod | would]wodwould attend upon his preaching.  they [promiſed | promised]promiſedpromised to [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): Send]Sendkeep their children [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): to]toat School, and I [promiſed | promised]promiſedpromised to Send  them a [maſter | master]maſtermaster in two months — The Enemies to this work on Every head[ſide | side]ſideside  are very Numerous, their Friends very few, and their Temptations, and  the opposition to it every way greater than can be [eaſily | easily]eaſilyeasily conceived.   I Sent a [Meſsage | message]Meſsagemessage to the [Onondages | Onondagas]OnondagesOnondagas[org0078.ocp], and [diſired | desired]diſireddesired [M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. Kirtland[pers0315.ocp] to accom‐ ‐pany it with a Belt, in my Father[pers0036.ocp]s Name, that I was there on Such an Errand  and expected to come into those parts again Next Spring, and if they [Deſired | desired]Deſireddesired it ^[above] I would make [y.m | them]y.mthem a [viſit | visit]viſitvisit [& | and]&and give them [ye | the]yethe [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): offer]offer^I would make [y.m | them]y.mthem a [viſit | visit]viſitvisit [& | and]&and give them [ye | the]yethe [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): offer]offer  they might [illegible]^[above] [illegible]^[illegible]to have ^[above] a^a [Miſsionary | missionary]Miſsionarymissionary[illegible] [& | and]&and [School Maſter | schoolmaster]School Maſterschoolmaster Sent Among them.—  the old School The [Mohocks | Mohawks]MohocksMohawks [org0062.ocp] [illegible]I [underſtood | understood]underſtoodunderstood by [diſcourſing | discoursing]diſcourſingdiscoursing with individuals were  willing have a [Miſsiony | missionary]Miſsionymissionary [& | and]&and [School Maſter | schoolmaster]School Maſterschoolmaster [ſent | sent]ſentsent among them, but as Sir  William[pers0292.ocp] was Expecting Supplies from Europe I [tho't | thought]tho'tthought [beſt | best]beſtbest to do nothing  in [illegible] with [illegible]them for [illegible]the [preſent | present]preſentpresent. —   I invited the Queen ^[above] before mentioned^before mentioned to make a [viſit | visit]viſitvisit here next Spring — [& | and]&and [ſee | see]ſeesee for [herſelf | herself]herſelfherself [& | and]&and  [deſired | desired]deſireddesired [M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. Kirtland[pers0315.ocp] to [chuſe | choose]chuſechoose a meet [perſon | person]perſonperson to accompany her. She was [pleaſd | pleased]pleaſdpleased  with the proposal. [M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. Kirtland[pers0315.ocp] [Eſteems | esteems]Eſteemsesteems her a virtuous woman, and hopes [ſhe | she]ſheshe is  become a real [Chriſtian | Christian]ChriſtianChristian. She is much [Reſpected | respected]Reſpectedrespected and her influence is great among  the Nations." thus far my Son[pers0578.ocp]s [Acco.t | account]Acco.taccount   By the [accot | account]accotaccount of my Son[pers0578.ocp]'s and by ^[above] [ye | the]yethe Copy of^[ye | the]yethe Copy of [M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. Kirtland[pers0315.ocp]s Letter of a few Days earlier  Date which I [encloſe | enclose]encloſeenclose, you [ſee | see]ſeesee, Much-[Hond | honoured]Hondhonoured Sirs, how [gloriouſly | gloriously]gloriouſlygloriously the [Proſpect | prospect]Proſpectprospect  open   
opens in that Quarter and of what importance it is to lay  [cloſe | close]cloſeclose [Seige | siege]Seigesiege to that part. that dear man of God [M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. Kirtland[pers0315.ocp], and  the [School Maſters | schoolmasters]School Maſtersschoolmasters in those Towns [muſt | must]muſtmust be Supported, so that they  may devote [themſelves | themselves]themſelvesthemselves wholly to their work let the [coſt | cost]coſtcost be  what it will, and it [muſt | must]muſtmust [neceſsarily | necessarily]neceſsarilynecessarily be great, and if it be £300  Sterling a year (and I don't expect it can be Done for much [leſs | less]leſsless [till | 'til]till'til  he can [raiſe | raise]raiſeraise his [Proviſions | provisions]Proviſionsprovisions there) there is no [cauſe | cause]cauſecause of grudging ^[above] to [regrett | regret]regrettregret it^to [regrett | regret]regrettregret it  Since he is doing more for [Chriſt | Christ]ChriſtChrist than perhaps Some Scores of Clergy  men who live at [Eaſe | ease]Eaſeease, and have their £100 [Sterlg | sterling]Sterlgsterling per [An. | annum]An.annum  I am now Sending [M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. [Phin.s | Phineas]Phin.sPhineas Dodge[pers0169.ocp] a pious young man, [& | and]&and Joseph  [Johnſon | Johnson]JohnſonJohnson[pers0288.ocp] ^[above] a mohegan Indian[org0063.ocp]^a mohegan Indian[org0063.ocp] who was an usher in that School [Laſt | last]Laſtlast Year, and  who has in a good [Meaſure | measure]Meaſuremeasure made [himſelf | himself]himſelfhimself [maſter | master]maſtermaster of that Language  to keep the School at Old [Onoida | Oneida]OnoidaOneida[place0179.ocp] ^[above] according to my [ſons | sons]ſonssons[pers0578.ocp] appointment^according to my [ſons | sons]ſonssons[pers0578.ocp] appointment— I have also [adviſed | advised]adviſedadvised  [M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. Kirtland[pers0315.ocp] to hire a faithful Labourer to get their Wood, take  care of their [Horſes | horses]Horſeshorses, fetch their [Proviſions | provisions]Proviſionsprovisions [&c | etc.]&cetc.[&c | etc.]&cetc. that their Time  might not be half, or more [conſumd | consumed]conſumdconsumed in Such Service—   But I have not heardhad a word from a Line from London[place0128.ocp] [ſince | since]ſincesince yours of  March [23.d | 23rd]23.d23rd [1767-03-23] I have Sent many but know not whether they or my [accots | accounts]accotsaccounts   have ^[above] ever^ever [illegible][arived | arrived]arivedarrived you — I know not what acceptance My [laſt | last]laſtlast [Meaſures | measures]Meaſuresmeasures have  found with you— but have this to comfort me under the [moſt | most]moſtmost gloomy  Imaginations that I have [honeſtly | honestly]honeſtlyhonestly^[above] [earneſtly | earnestly]earneſtlyearnestly^[earneſtly | earnestly]earneſtlyearnestly [deſired | desired]deſireddesired [& | and]&and [honſtly | honestly]honſtlyhonestly Endeavoured to  Serve the [cauſe | cause]cauſecause Redeemers [cauſe | cause]cauſecause to the [Utmoſt | utmost]Utmoſtutmost of my Power. and am  not only approved by my own [Conſcience | conscience]Conſcienceconscience but I have the [Univerſal | universal]Univerſaluniversal [Approbatn | approbation]Approbatnapprobation   of all ^[above] the [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): [wiſe | wise]wiſewise][wiſe | wise]wiſewise and Good^the [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): [wiſe | wise]wiſewise][wiſe | wise]wiſewise and Good who are acquainted with my Conduct Plans [& | and]&and the [meaſures | measures]meaſuresmeasures  I have taken in Exerting them.   I [encloſe | enclose]encloſeenclose a Power of Attorney and Hope it will be acceptable to You.  and if You Repent Your [Generoſity | generosity]Generoſitygenerosity [& | and]&and [Condeſention | condescension]Condeſentioncondescension in accepting the [Truſt | Trust]TruſtTrust, on  [acco.t | account]acco.taccount of any Real or Supposed Imprudence or [Miſconduct | misconduct]Miſconductmisconduct on my part, I  determine, much [Hond | honoured]Hondhonoured Sirs, when I meet You [togather | together]togathertogether in Yonder World  of Glory to open to you all the trying Scenes which [illegible] have [paſsd | passed]paſsdpassed ^[above] over^over me, in  this So Difficult [& | and]&and ^[above] so^so arduous ^[above] an^an undertaking, and [tho' | though]tho'though I Shall be [aſhamed | ashamed]aſhamedashamed that  I have done no more nor better than I have ^[above] for the Glorious Immanuel^for the Glorious Immanuel done yet I know you will not be  weary to hear how often the Lord has helped, [& | and]&and how ^[above] much^much he has forgiven.  him who is with [higheſt | highest]higheſthighest [Eſteem | esteem]Eſteemesteem, and all filial Duty. may it please [y.r | your]y.ryour [Lordſ[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): ps]ps | Lordships]Lordſ[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): ps]psLordships   
Your Obliged and  [Moſt | Most]MoſtMost Obedient and  [moſt | most]moſtmost Humble [Serv.t | Servant]Serv.tServant   Eleazar Wheelock[pers0036.ocp] 
To the Trustees in England[org0103.ocp]  [Oct.r | October]Oct.rOctober [8..th | 8th]8..th8th 1767[1767-10-08]   
Document Summary

People identified in this document:

id Text in document Role in header Authorized Name
pers0153.ocp Earl of Dartmouth mentioned Legge, William
pers0301.ocp M. r Mr. Keen mentioned Keen, Robert
pers0301.ocp M r Mr. Keen mentioned Keen, Robert
pers0037.ocp M. r Mr. Whitaker mentioned Whitaker, Nathaniel
pers0578.ocp my Son mentioned Wheelock, Rodulphus
pers0292.ocp Sir William Johnſon Johnson mentioned Johnson, William
pers0578.ocp Son mentioned Wheelock, Rodulphus
pers0578.ocp My Son mentioned Wheelock, Rodulphus
pers0621.ocp ſir Sir John Johnſon Johnson mentioned Johnson, John
pers0540.ocp Thompſon's Thompson's mentioned Thompson
pers0315.ocp M. r Mr. Kirtland mentioned Kirkland, Samuel
pers0292.ocp ſir Sir William mentioned Johnson, William
pers0620.ocp ſir Sir Henry Moore mentioned Moore, Henry
pers0315.ocp M. r Mr. Kirtland mentioned Kirkland, Samuel
pers0036.ocp Great Father writer Wheelock, Eleazar
pers0315.ocp M. r Mr. Kirtland mentioned Kirkland, Samuel
pers0630.ocp Gawke mentioned Gawke
pers0155.ocp David Fowler mentioned Fowler, David
pers0036.ocp my father writer Wheelock, Eleazar
pers0155.ocp David mentioned Fowler, David
pers0745.ocp Jacob mentioned Jacob
pers0036.ocp my Fathers writer Wheelock, Eleazar
pers0155.ocp David Fowler mentioned Fowler, David
pers0315.ocp M. r Mr. Kirtland mentioned Kirkland, Samuel
pers0036.ocp My Father writer Wheelock, Eleazar
pers0036.ocp my Father writer Wheelock, Eleazar
pers0036.ocp my Father writer Wheelock, Eleazar
pers0036.ocp Great father writer Wheelock, Eleazar
pers0315.ocp mr. Kirtland mentioned Kirkland, Samuel
pers0036.ocp Father writer Wheelock, Eleazar
pers0292.ocp Sir William mentioned Johnson, William
pers0169.ocp M. r Mr. Phin. s Phineas Dodge mentioned Dodge, Phineas
pers0288.ocp Joseph Johnſon Johnson mentioned Johnson, Joseph
pers0578.ocp my ſons sons mentioned Wheelock, Rodulphus
pers0036.ocp Eleazar Wheelock writer Wheelock, Eleazar

Places identified in this document:

id Text in document Authorized Name
place0122.ocp Lebanon Lebanon
place0179.ocp Onoida Oneida Oneida
place0166.ocp N. New York New York
place0114.ocp Whole Caſtle Castle Kanawalohale
place0114.ocp the Town Kanawalohale
place0250.ocp Buttlers‐ ‐burrough Buttlersborough
place0144.ocp Muntauck Montauk Montauk
place0081.ocp fort Stanwix Fort Stanwix
place0026.ocp Mohock Mohawk Caſtle Castle Canajoharie
place0179.ocp Old Onoida Oneida Oneida
place0114.ocp that Caſtle Castle Kanawalohale
place0183.ocp uriſkne Oriskany Oriskany
place0114.ocp this Town Kanawalohale
place0179.ocp old Onoida Oneida Oneida
place0114.ocp this Caſtle Castle Kanawalohale
place0114.ocp Kanwarohare Kanawalohale Kanawalohale
place0179.ocp Old Onoida Oneida Oneida
place0128.ocp London London

Organizations identified in this document:

id Text in document Authorized Name
org0103.ocp HonleHonourable &and worthy Gentlemen Trust in England
org0098.ocp Indian charity- school Moor’s Indian Charity School
org0062.ocp MohocksMohawks Mohawk Nation
org0021.ocp CherockeeCherokee Cherokee Tribe
org0075.ocp OnoidasOneidas Oneida Nation
org0075.ocp their Tribe Oneida Nation
org0078.ocp OnondagesOnondagas Onondaga Nation
org0062.ocp MohocksMohawks Mohawk Nation
org0063.ocp mohegan Indian Mohegan Tribe
org0103.ocp Trustees in England Trust in England

Dates identified in this document:

Standard Form Text
1767-10-08 Oct.rOctober 8..th 8th 1767
1767-03-23 March 23.d23rd
1767-10-08 Oct.rOctober 8..th8th 1767

Regularized text:

Type Original Regularized
modernization 8..th 8th
modernization Truſt Trust
modernization &c etc.
modernization M.r Mr.
modernization Mr Mr.
modernization 2d 2nd
modernization 3.d 3rd
modernization truſt trust
modernization ſeen seen
variation informd informed
modernization y.t that
modernization Wilderneſs Wilderness
variation returnd returned
modernization 25th 25th
modernization Johnſon Johnson
modernization encloſed enclosed
modernization expreſses expresses
modernization Diſcourſe discourse
modernization y.e the
variation ingage engage
modernization Miſsionaries missionaries
variation 'till 'til
modernization ſir Sir
variation till 'til
modernization Abſtract abstract
variation Onoida Oneida
modernization 9th 9th
variation reachd reached
modernization Thompſon's Thompson's
variation leſt last
modernization Engliſh English
modernization 10.th 10th
modernization Thurſday Thursday
modernization diſtinguiſhing distinguishing
modernization Reſpect respect
variation Ladd lad
modernization refreſhment refreshment
variation agreably agreeably
variation Surprized surprised
modernization amidſt amidst
variation Hutts huts
variation Wett wet
variation Cloths clothes
modernization Refreſhment refreshment
variation Arival arrival
modernization Caſtle Castle
variation flockd flocked
variation wellcome welcome
modernization fleſh flesh
modernization ſo so
variation termd termed
modernization Bleſsing blessing
variation complemented complimented
variation appeard appeared
modernization M.r Mr.
modernization Reſt rest
modernization muſt must
modernization proviſion provision
variation Subſiſtance subsistence
modernization Proſpects prospects
modernization Succeſs success
modernization increaſing increasing
modernization 11th 11th
modernization rouſed roused
variation Blankett blanket
variation Day light daylight
variation Brakefaſt breakfast
variation calld called
variation ſhewn shown
modernization leſt lest
variation Mohocks Mohawks
variation Cheif Chief
modernization laſt last
modernization inſtructed instructed
variation Sat set
variation Muntauck Montauk
modernization loſt lost
modernization Horſes horses
modernization ſhe she
modernization vaſtly vastly
modernization pleaſed pleased
modernization ſee see
modernization aſked asked
variation pleaſd pleased
variation aſkd asked
modernization ye the
variation travil travel
variation Seemd seemed
modernization y.[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): a]a they
variation tomorro tomorrow
modernization conſented consented
modernization greateſt greatest
variation Chirfulneſs cheerfulness
modernization eagerneſs eagerness
variation Mohock Mohawk
variation looke look
modernization Horſe horse
modernization Miſsionary missionary
variation School Maſter schoolmaster
modernization deſiring desiring
modernization Meſsage message
modernization 1.st 1st
modernization Deſign design
modernization 3d 3rd
modernization friendſhip friendship
modernization meſsage message
variation Feaver fever
modernization viſit visit
variation out Stayed outstayed
variation ingaged engaged
modernization leaſt least
variation laudible laudable
variation Profeciency proficiency
modernization M.r Mr.
variation muſick music
modernization ſoon soon
modernization leiſure leisure
modernization deſigns designs
modernization tranſlate translate
modernization Pſalms Psalms
modernization Preſs press
modernization eaſily easily
modernization 9. 10ths 9/10ths
modernization 13.th 13th
variation Tawney tawny
variation immortels immortals
modernization ſuch such
variation Long House longhouse
modernization worſhip worship
variation Solomn solemn
modernization Aſsembly assembly
variation ſcarſely scarcely
modernization underſtand understand
variation performd performed
variation Cherockee Cherokee
variation Onoidas Oneidas
variation killd killed
modernization ye the
modernization uriſkne Oriskany
modernization Viſit visit
modernization Chriſt Christ
modernization himſelf himself
modernization Miniſtry ministry
modernization Intermiſsion intermission
variation Bretheren Brethren
modernization 3 d 3rd
modernization Cuſtom custom
modernization Laſt last
modernization Conſequences consequences
modernization roſe rose
variation diſcourſd discoursed
variation togather together
variation Spake spoke
variation conſiderd considered
modernization ſpeech speech
modernization themſelves themselves
modernization ymſelves themselves
modernization promiſed promised
modernization Grandſon grandson
variation thankd thanked
modernization y.r their
variation on one
modernization aſk ask
modernization forgiveneſs forgiveness
modernization ym[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): ſls]ſls themselves
variation School House schoolhouse
modernization Promiſe promise
modernization Promiſed promised
modernization underſtood understood
variation cheif chief
variation offerd offered
variation cryed cried
variation bitts bits
modernization forgivneſs forgiveness
variation confeſsd confessed
variation prayd prayed
modernization careleſs careless
modernization ſhould should
modernization Rev.d Rev.
modernization beſides besides
modernization meaſures measures
variation Surpizing surprising
modernization deſired desired
modernization Repreſentative representative
variation them Selves themselves
modernization baſely basely
variation Kanwarohare Kanawalohale
variation of off
variation Sabath Sabbath
modernization maſter master
modernization ſide side
variation Onondages Onondagas
modernization diſired desired
modernization Deſired desired
modernization y.m them
modernization diſcourſing discoursing
modernization ſent sent
modernization beſt best
modernization preſent present
modernization herſelf herself
variation chuſe choose
modernization perſon person
modernization Eſteems esteems
modernization Chriſtian Christian
modernization Reſpected respected
modernization encloſe enclose
modernization gloriouſly gloriously
modernization Proſpect prospect
modernization cloſe close
variation Seige siege
variation School Maſters schoolmasters
modernization coſt cost
modernization neceſsarily necessarily
modernization leſs less
modernization raiſe raise
modernization Proviſions provisions
modernization cauſe cause
variation regrett regret
modernization Eaſe ease
modernization Meaſure measure
modernization ſons sons
modernization adviſed advised
variation conſumd consumed
modernization ſince since
modernization 23.d 23rd
variation arived arrived
modernization Meaſures measures
modernization moſt most
modernization honeſtly honestly
modernization earneſtly earnestly
variation honſtly honestly
modernization Utmoſt utmost
modernization Conſcience conscience
modernization Univerſal universal
modernization wiſe wise
modernization Generoſity generosity
variation Condeſention condescension
modernization Miſconduct misconduct
variation paſsd passed
modernization aſhamed ashamed
modernization higheſt highest
modernization Eſteem esteem
modernization Moſt Most
modernization 8..th 8th

Expanded abbreviations:

Abbreviation Expansion
Oct.r October
R.t Right
Honle Honourable
& and
ult.o ultimo
y.o you
ha' have
ulto ultimo
Sept.r September
inform'd informed
N. New
thro' through
abo.t about
tho' though
tho' though
Shod should
wod would
bro.t brought
Sever.l several
acordg according
co.d could
mig.t might
tho't thought
Miſsiony missionary
Acco.t account
accot account
Hond honoured
Sterlg sterling
An. annum
Phin.s Phineas
accots accounts
Approbatn approbation
acco.t account
y.r your
Lordſ[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): ps]ps Lordships
Serv.t Servant

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Summary of errors found in this document:

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Number of nested "hi" tags: (consider merging the @rend attributes, or using other tags) 0
Number of tags with invalid 'rend' attributes: 0 (out of 132)
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