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Robert Keen, letter, 1767 April 14

ms-number: 767264.2

[note (type: abstract): Keen writes to Whitaker regarding the funds raised in England. He includes an account of donations and a letter to Occom.][note (type: handwriting): Handwriting is formal, clear and legible.][note (type: paper): Large sheet folded in half to make four pages is heavily reinforced, which makes it difficult to gauge the exact condition of the paper; there appears to be moderate creasing, staining, and wear.][note (type: ink): Brown-black.][note (type: noteworthy): It is uncertain to what Keen refers when, on one verso, he mentions "the meeting of the General Assembly in Scotland." However, he is likely referring to the Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge[org0096.ocp]. In instances where Keen's intention regarding a word or abbreviation is uncertain, the word or abbreviation has been left unmodified in the modernized transcription. Money notation includes symbols for pounds, shillings, and pence. These have been transcribed with the pound sign before the number and the shilling and pence superscripted after. Due to account formatting, transcription line breaks may not exactly match those of the manuscript.]

events: Fundraising Tour of Great Britain

Dear [Sr | Sir]SrSir

The [Acco..ts | accounts]Acco..tsaccounts being as material as any part of our Correspondence
I shall begin with them [& | and]&and after you've [compar'd | compared]compar'dcompared them with Yours let me
know if they agree [& | and]&and if not wherein that I may properly post them [& | and]&and
you nor I need not overhale these any more, which takes in from your leaving
London[place0128.ocp] to [ye | the]yethe [9th | 9th]9th9th April[1767-04-09] [Includeing | including]Includeingincluding Worcester[place0247.ocp] — but begin regularly from thence —
at Hitchin[place0101.ocp] [below] and formerlyand formerly} J. Radcliffe [Esqr | Esq.]EsqrEsq.[pers1672.ocp] [above] GG 4 5. RM 2 [above] GG [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Moore[pers1673.ocp] [above] [illegible][illegible] 1 [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Flock[pers1674.ocp] 10/6 Unknown 10/6 — £9..9s.-d
at Olney[place0453.ocp] Collected at [ye | the]yethe [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Drake[above] ss[pers1675.ocp] £9..4s..7d at New Port[place0599.ocp] [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Bull[pers1676.ocp] 10/6 — 9..15.1
at Northampton[place0452.ocp] [Collectd | Collected]CollectdCollected at [ye | the]yethe [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Hextal[pers1044.ocp]s £24.3s at [ye | the]yethe [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Rylands[pers1677.ocp] £20.10s.11 1/2d [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Rylands[pers1677.ocp] £1.1s [& | and]&and 48..1..5 1/2
Welford[place0600.ocp] Collected at [ye | the]yethe [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. King[pers0306.ocp]s [above] £4..1s..6d£4..1s..6d [ | Mrs.]M.rsMrs. Bakewell[pers1678.ocp] £2..2s Unknown [above] of Sundry's £2..6..6—of Sundry's £2..6..6— £8..6s..6d [& | and]&and 0..14s..6d — — — 15..4..6
Willingborough[place0601.ocp] Collected at [ye | the]yethe [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Grant[above] ss[pers1679.ocp] — — — 9..1..1
Coventry[place0602.ocp] [Meſ | Messrs.]Meſs.rsMessrs. Jackson[pers1048.ocp]s [& | and]&and Lloyd[pers0334.ocp]s people £56..7..2 1/2
The [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Butterworth[pers1680.ocp] [illegible] 10..19..6
The [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [Meſsrs | Messrs.]MeſsrsMessrs. Simpson[pers1681.ocp] [& | and]&and Allcott[pers1682.ocp] 39..14..10 1/2
The [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [D.r | Dr.]D.rDr. Edwards[pers0177.ocp] [& | and]&and 3 of his Parishoners 3..13..6} — — —
110..15..0 3/4
[Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Keddle[pers1683.ocp]'s at Warwicke[place0603.ocp] £5..13s..4d [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Broadhurst[pers1733.ocp] at Alecoker[place0604.ocp] £2..4s..4d— — — 7..17..8
The [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Keddle[pers1683.ocp]'s at Evesham[place0605.ocp] £6..13s..2 1/2d given by the [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Whitmore[pers1684.ocp] of Hooknorton[place0606.ocp] £2..3s. — 8..16..2 1/2
at Bourton on [ye | the]yethe Water[place0014.ocp] [Collectd | collected]Collectdcollected at [ye | the]yethe [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Bedham | Beddome]BedhamBeddome[pers0662.ocp] £19..10s [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Wm | William]WmWilliam Snook[pers1685.ocp] £10..10 — — — 30..—..—
at Cirencester[place0040.ocp] [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Johnson[pers1686.ocp] 10s.6d [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Wavet[pers1687.ocp] 10/6 [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Kimber[pers1688.ocp] £1..1s [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Davis[pers1689.ocp] £1..11s..6d [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Freeman[pers1690.ocp] £2..2s [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Wilkins[pers1691.ocp] £1..1s [below] Francis Turner[pers1692.ocp] 10/6 Jn[illegible] Reeve[pers1693.ocp] [& | and]&and unknown 10sFrancis Turner[pers1692.ocp] 10/6 Jn[illegible] Reeve[pers1693.ocp] [& | and]&and unknown 10s} — 7..17..—
at Tewksbury[place0607.ocp] Collected at [ye | the]yethe [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [Meſ | Messrs.]Meſs.rsMessrs. Golsham[pers1694.ocp] [& | and]&and Haydon[pers1695.ocp]'s £21..00.10 John Humphries[pers1696.ocp] £10
[Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Jones[pers1697.ocp] £1..1 — [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. Hayward[pers1698.ocp]s 0..10..6 from Sundries £1..19.. — — — } —
at Parshore[place0608.ocp] Collected at [ye | the]yethe [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Aske[pers1699.ocp]'s £7..7..6 [Saml | Samuel]SamlSamuel Rickards[pers1700.ocp] £1..1 James Rickards[pers1701.ocp] £1..1s
[Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Dark[pers1702.ocp] 10s..6d [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Beal[pers1703.ocp] 10/6 [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Aske[pers1699.ocp] 10/6 [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Smith[pers0499.ocp] 5s — — —}
at Worcester[place0247.ocp] Collected at [ye | the]yethe [Revd | Mr.]RevdMr. [Meſ | Messrs.]Meſs.rsMessrs. Unwicke[pers1704.ocp] [& | and]&and Pointings[pers1705.ocp] £21..2..6 a private [below] GainGain
Subscription £21..[illegible]5..3 a Donation from the [Publick | public]Publickpublic Fund £7..13s..3d Cooke[pers1706.ocp] [& | and]&and Blackmon[pers1708.ocp] 3}
53..4.. —
then both [ye | the]yethe [ followg | following] followgfollowing [accot | account]accotaccount [& | and]&and a Bill for it was sent me by the [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. B. Boyce[pers1709.ocp]
[& | and]&and I sent him [& | and]&and [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Brown[pers0102.ocp] a letter each [acknowge | acknowledge]acknowgeacknowledge it [&c | etc.]&cetc.
£355..18..4 3/4
Kettering[place0609.ocp] Collected at [ye | the]yethe meeting in [ye | the]yethe afternoon [& | and]&and Evening £20..7s..3d
[Recd | received]Recdreceived by [Md | Mr.]MdMr. Whitaker[pers0037.ocp] from [ye | the]yethe [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Brown[pers0102.ocp] [& | and]&and put in [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Boyce[pers1709.ocp]'s hands 3..13..6
from The [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Matlock[pers1710.ocp] 0..14..6 several of [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Boyces | Boyce's]BoycesBoyce's[pers1709.ocp] people £6..8..9 }
£387..2....4 3
here follows all [ye | the]yethe Bills you've remitted me as there are before me none
being yet due but one of [ye | the]yethe [1st | 1st]1st1st from Northampton[place0452.ocp] [wch | which]wchwhich I took [ye | the]yethe [accot | account]accotaccount of [Vizt | viz.]Viztviz.
March [16th | 16th]16th16th.[1767-03-06] in [yr | your]yryour letter from Northampton[place0452.ocp] [Recd | received ]Recdreceived 2 Bills [Vizt | viz.]Viztviz. One on George [Roſs | Ross]RoſsRoss[pers1711.ocp] for £30..—..—
another on [Tho.s | Thomas]Tho.sThomas Orton[pers1712.ocp] in Woodstreet[place0610.ocp] made [payble | payable]payblepayable to [& | and]&and [Endors'd | endorsed]Endors'dendorsed by [W.m | William]W.mWilliam Cooper[pers1713.ocp] [& | and]&and [yr Self | yourself]yr Selfyourself 31..10..—
March 27th[1767-03-27] from Coventry[place0602.ocp]. Two Bills One [above] onon [Meſsrs | Messrs.]MeſsrsMessrs. S [pers1714.ocp] [& | and]&and W Smith[pers1715.ocp] drawn by [Meſsrs | Messrs.]MeſsrsMessrs. Little [pers1716.ocp][& | and]&and Lowke[pers1717.ocp] made
payable to [& | and]&and [Endor'd | endorsed]Endor'dendorsed by [Saml | Samuel]SamlSamuel Reader[pers1718.ocp] .. for — — — } —
the other dated Coventry[place0602.ocp] [28th | 28th]28th28th March[1767-03-28] drawn by T [& | and]&and S Oldham[pers1720.ocp] on [Meſsrss. | Messrs.]Meſsrss.Messrs. Fletcher[pers1721.ocp] [& | and]&and Hunt[pers1722.ocp] [& | and]&and [endors'd | endorsed]endors'dendorsed [below] by [Nath.l | Nathaniel]Nath.lNathaniel Whitaker[pers0037.ocp]by [Nath.l | Nathaniel]Nath.lNathaniel Whitaker[pers0037.ocp] for } 89..5..—
Apl. 2[1767-04-02] One dated [illegible] date at 7 [above] daysdays Sight drawn by W. Palmer[pers1723.ocp] on [Meſ | Messrs.]Meſs.rsMessrs. Pearson[pers1724.ocp] [& | and]&and Co [& | and]&and [endors'd | endorsed]endors'dendorsed by [N. | Nathaniel]N.Nathaniel [below] WhitakerWhitaker[pers0037.ocp] for — — — } 44..2..—
[6th. | 6th]6th.6th[1767-04-06] [Recd | Received]RecdReceived a Bill on [W.m | William]W.mWilliam Mee[pers1725.ocp] pay[above] ableable to [& | and]&and [Endors'd | endorsed]Endors'dendorsed by [J. | John]J.John Humphries[pers1696.ocp] [& | and]&and [y.r self | yourself]y.r selfyourself for — — — 20..—..—
d.o a Bank Post Bill [N.o | number]N.onumber 6552 payable to [Richd | Richard]RichdRichard Durnford[pers1726.ocp] [& | and]&and [Endors'd | endorsed]Endors'dendorsed by [yose | yourself]yoseyourself 10..—..—
[9th. | 9th]9th.9th[1767-04-09] [Reced | Received]RecedReceived a Bill dated [Ap.l | April]Ap.lApril [9th | 9th]9th9th[1767-04-09] from Worcester[place0247.ocp] [pay[above] bleble | payable]pay[above] bleblepayable to [& | and]&and [Endors'd | endorsed]Endors'dendorsed by [N. | Nathaniel]N.Nathaniel Whitaker[pers0037.ocp] on W[pers1727.ocp] [& | and]&and J. Ewer[pers1728.ocp] 90..—..—
[Recd | Received]RecdReceived a Bill from Kettering[place0609.ocp] dated [27th | 27th]27th27th March[1767-03-27] due [ye | the]yethe [30th | 30th]30th30th April[1767-04-30] drawn by Epm[pers1729.ocp] [& | and]&and [Saml | Samuel]SamlSamuel Burwell[pers1730.ocp]
made payable to [Robt | Robert]RobtRobert Keen[pers0301.ocp] or Order on [Meſsrs | Messrs.]MeſsrsMessrs. Sawbridge[pers1731.ocp] [& | and]&and Barnston[pers1732.ocp] — for}
thus stands the [Accots | accounts]Accotsaccounts [& | and]&and the reason of your differing in [ye | the]yethe Bill of £40..14s..6d (whereof you say
£31..13) [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Saml | Samuel]SamlSamuel Reader[pers1718.ocp] explains at [ye | the]yethe end of your letter from Coventry[place0602.ocp] March [27th | 27th]27th27th[1767-03-27] — but his is
dated 4 days after [vizt | viz.]viztviz. on [ye | the]yethe [31st | 31st]31st31st[1767-03-31]. he says The [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Whitaker[pers0037.ocp] left my house yesterday morning [& | and]&and gave me
£22..8 with what was Collected at the [ye | the]yethe [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [Meſsrs | Messrs.]MeſsrsMessrs. Simpson[pers1681.ocp] [& | and]&and Allicott[pers1682.ocp]s meeting doors [wch | which]wchwhich was in my hands [& | and]&and [order'd | ordered]order'dordered
me to have £7.7 from [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Buxton[pers1734.ocp] which I had [& | and]&and £1..18.. from [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Euson[pers1735.ocp] but [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Euson[pers1735.ocp] had £9..1..6 more left at
his house beside 2 bad [Shillgs | shillings]Shillgsshillings [reced | received]recedreceived at [ye | the]yethe Collection which makes the sum £40..14..6 which I have here [enclos'd | enclosed]enclos'denclosed a
Bill for — besides a Bill of £89..5 — which [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Whitaker[pers0037.ocp] left to go in this letter — I am [Dr | dear]Drdear [Sr | Sir]SrSir [yr | your]yryour Very [Hble | humble]Hblehumble [Servt | servant]Servtservant [below] [Saml | Samuel]SamlSamuel Reader[pers1718.ocp][Saml | Samuel]SamlSamuel Reader[pers1718.ocp]
I've inserted his Note as above [ | which]w.chwhich will set you right — — — — as you are at Birmingham[place0611.ocp] it will be
by [farr | far]farrfar be [ye | the]yethe best way to go through with it, [wether | whether]wetherwhether you get little or much — there will be a vast
Number of places you'll not be able to go to [above] atat all, much [leſs | less]leſsless when you're at or near a place their
[desireing | desiring]desireingdesiring you to take another Opportunity — I Gave [Dr | Dr.]DrDr. Gibbons[pers0219.ocp] [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Parry[pers0405.ocp]'s letter [&c | etc.]&cetc.
he'll write no more about it, the thing is done if [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Parry[pers0405.ocp] has [hinder'd | hindered]hinder'dhindered you
of 30 or £40 [& | and]&and ['twill | it will]'twillit will be made up another way [ye | the]yethe [D.r | Dr.]D.rDr. is not for your regarding
him or any others but be content [& | and]&and raise Money upon the laudible plan
it has hitherto been conducted with — as you go farther North you go
among the circle of his acquaintance [& | and]&and he will write letters of recom‐
‐mendations [& | and]&and send them — [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Whitefield[pers0038.ocp] went out of Town in 3 or 4
days after you left London[place0128.ocp] [& | and]&and then [return'd | returned]return'dreturned for a week after which he
went to Cambridge[place0262.ocp] [&c | etc.]&cetc. & is now at Norwich[place0276.ocp] but is expected home by
Friday next.... I sent a large [parcell | parcel]parcellparcel of Narratives [& | and]&and Appendix directed
as this letter is. [Vizt | viz.]Viztviz. To The [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. Howel[pers1736.ocp] [&.c | etc.]&.cetc. & among is I believe several
of [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Wheelock[pers0036.ocp]'s Narratives or those printed at Boston[place0013.ocp] [wch | which]wchwhich is those you so
much want, if not when you write again, the mor I'll send you some of them
or any others you write for — The Meeting of the General [aſsembly | assembly]aſsemblyassembly
in Scotland[place0203.ocp] is the [24th | 24th]24th24th of May[1767-05-24]. if you are there a week or 10 days before
I imagine will do — so that you may visit as many of [ye | the]yethe Capital places
in your way thither as you can — you repeatedly write for your [Recommendts | recommendations]Recommendtsrecommendations
from America[place0003.ocp] [& | and]&and your [commiſsion | commission]commiſsioncommission from the Board of Connecticut[org0034.ocp] [sign'd | signed]sign'dsigned by
[Solomn | Solomon]SolomnSolomon Williams[pers0039.ocp], Titus Smith[pers0503.ocp]'s, [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Salter[pers0033.ocp]s letters [&c. | etc.]&c.etc. to be sent you as thinking
you'll greatly need them in Scotland[place0203.ocp] — what recommendations can you want
more then you have? or what better [acco..ts | accounts]acco..tsaccounts can you [shew | show]shewshow then is in the
Narratives, Appendix's [&c | etc.]&cetc.? — If you have any thoughts of Collecting Monies
in Scotland[place0203.ocp] or [else where | elsewhere]else whereelsewhere [illegible] to run in any other channel then this One plan
already [pursu'd | pursued]pursu'dpursued, reject such thoughts, for the [Gentn | gentlemen]Gentngentlemen of the Trust[org0103.ocp] will not be
[concern'd | concerned]concern'dconcerned if any other methods takes place — mind this [& | and]&and let all your intentions
be upright, never fear but providence will provide Sufficient — only let our
Eye be single [& | and]&and all will prosper — you see I've [illegible]here no [Accots | accounts]Accotsaccounts yet from Rothwell[place0612.ocp]
Adington[place0613.ocp], Harborough[place0614.ocp], Lutterworth[place0615.ocp] [&c. | etc.]&c.etc. but when I do I shall let you know — I'm
going to write a short [illegible][guess (lrb): letter]letter to [M,r | Mr.]M,rMr. Occom[pers0030.ocp] as we have never heard from [& | and]&and very
little of him [above] since he left London[place0128.ocp]since he left London[place0128.ocp] but as here is room enough in this, it may do as well — [desireing | desiring]desireingdesiring
he may read the whole of this, as he ought to do all the letters you receive
from me or the trust[org0103.ocp] — I'm glad to hear your [hoarseneſs | hoarseness]hoarseneſshoarseness is abated in part
[& | and]&and hope you'll be [illegible][Restor'd | restored]Restor'drestored to all your wonted [usefulneſs | usefulness]usefulneſsusefulness — may the Lord
Guide you by his Counsel [& | and]&and protect you by his power, is the earnest Wish
[& | and]&and prayer of [Dr | dear]Drdear [S.r | Sir]S.rSir
[ | Yours]Y.rsYours in the best of Bonds
[Robt | Robert]RobtRobert Keen[pers0301.ocp]

[M:r | Mr.]M:rMr. Occom[pers0030.ocp]
[illegible]How can you be so [remiſs | remiss]remiſsremiss as never to write here
you have been at Bedford[place0616.ocp], Stroude Hampton[place0617.ocp] [& | and]&and many other
places, beside those in company with Your Inseperable Companion
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Whitaker[pers0037.ocp] — has the Lord done nothing for you nor by You ?
you could tell us when preaching on these words, the master is come [& | and]&and
calleth for You — how he was a Good Master, a kind master, a [loveing | loving]loveingloving
Master, a Never failing Master [& | and]&and so on ad infinitum — pray let
us hear [wether | whether]wetherwhether he is the same to you in the Country, as he was
when you [illegible] found him so in London[place0128.ocp] — he is unchangeable I trust
you [& | and]&and I shall find him so, not only to [ye | the]yethe end of our Lives [above] only,only, but to Eternity
— however from this day we desire you would write once a week
or at farthest once a fortnight — beside it will give us more satisfaction
to find [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Whitaker[pers0037.ocp] [& | and]&and you consulting [& | and]&and [illegible]Advising with one another
that you see [& | and]&and read all my letters [& | and]&and sign your name with his
when you are together [& | and]&and sometimes write [your self | yourself]your selfyourself, as a beginning let
me receive a letter from you before you leave Birmingham[place0611.ocp] [& | and]&and acquaint
that as a beginning to do [busineſs | business]busineſsbusiness you have read not only this part
directed to you but the whole letter as all is directed to you the same
as to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Whitaker[pers0037.ocp] — I must conclude to save the post — wishing you
both — health of Body [& | and]&and [gap: tear][guess (lrb): pro]prosperity of Soul
I remain [ | yours]y.rsyours in
our dear Redeemer

[Robt | Robert]RobtRobert Keen[pers0301.ocp]
London[place0128.ocp] [14th | 14th]14th14th April 1767[1767-04-14]
From [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Keen[pers0301.ocp]
Apr 14, 1767[1767-04-17]

The [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Nathl | Nathaniel]NathlNathaniel Whitaker[pers0037.ocp]
at [ye | the]yethe [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Howel[pers1736.ocp]'s
From [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Keen[pers0301.ocp]
Apr. 14, 1767
Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge
The Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge (SSPCK) is a Presbyterian missionary society formed in 1709 and still active today. The SSPCK was founded to anglicize the Scottish Highlands, which at the time were predominantly Gaelic and had little in common with lowland Scotland. British Protestants identified many of the same “problems” in Gaelic and Native American society, and in 1730, the SSPCK expanded into the colonies via a board of correspondents in Boston. Although most of Wheelock’s contact with the SSPCK took place through its Boston, New Jersey/New York, and Connecticut boards, he did work directly with the SSPCK parent organization during Occom’s fundraising tour of Great Britain (1765-1768). Since Occom was technically sent to England by the Connecticut Board of the SSPCK, it was only natural that his tour include a visit to the parent organization in Edinburgh. The SSPCK, headed by the Marquis of Lothian, issued a bulletin to its member churches which allowed Whitaker and Occom to collect a substantial sum of money with little time or travel. While most of the money that Occom raised went into a trust under the Earl of Dartmouth (the English Trust), the money he raised in Scotland (approximately £2,500) went into an SSPCK-controlled fund that ultimately proved difficult to access. While the English Trust essentially gave Wheelock a blank check for the money it controlled (much of which went toward clearing land and erecting buildings for Dartmouth College), the SSPCK was much more stringent about requiring that the money Occom had raised be applied only to Native American education. As was often the case in the 18th-century British-Atlantic world, religious politics were a powerful motivator. Wheelock and the SSPCK both practiced Reformed Protestant Christianity, but New Hampshire was an Episcopalian colony. To make Wheelock’s Reformed Protestantism more palatable to Episcopalian New Hampshire, the New Hampshire governor attempted to make the Anglican Bishop of London a member of the English Trust and possibly the Dartmouth Trustees (the Bishop of London seems to have never replied to the invitation). Dartmouth’s geographic association with the Episcopalian Church, in addition to concerns about the use of the fund, gave the SSPCK an incentive to withhold money from Wheelock. It only issued Wheelock £190 throughout his life, although it did provide financial support to Samuel Kirkland out of the fund. It is worth noting that Wheelock seems to have been well aware that he would have trouble getting money from the SSPCK: he went through the entirety of the English Trust’s fund before soliciting the SSPCK. Subsequent Dartmouth presidents struggled to access the money, with limited success, until 1893. In 1922, the SSPCK concluded that since Moor’s Indian Charity School had become defunct, it was within its rights to devote the remainder of the fund—then valued at £10,000—to other missionary operations.
Connecticut Board of Correspondents of the Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge
The Connecticut Board of Correspondents of the SSPCK was founded in 1764 at Wheelock's request. He wanted a public board's support so that his school would seem more credible since it was a private organization with no charter. The Boston Board of the SSPCK would not do since they generally opposed Wheelock, so his solution was to petition the SSPCK for his own board. The SSPCK acquiesed, and the board met for the first time on July 4, 1764. While the board was nominally separate from Wheelock's school, in practice, he exercised considerable control over it. The members of the board were Wheelock's handpicked friends and supporters: Jonathan Huntington, Elisha Sheldon, Samuel Huntington, Solomon Williams, Joseph Fish, William Gaylord, Samuel Moseley, Benjamin Pomeroy, Richard Salter, Nathaniel Whitaker, David Jewett, and Wheelock himself. Wheelock used this board to send Occom and Whitaker to England, hold exams for Moor's Indian Charity School, and generally support his designs. When Wheelock moved to New Hampshire, he tried to establish a New Hampshire Board as well, but by that point the SSPCK was much more cautious when it came to Wheelock's plans and refused. The Connecticut Board dissolved in 1771 as Wheelock was its raison d'etre.
Trust in England
The Trust in England was an organization formed in 1766 to safeguard money raised by Samson Occom and Nathaniel Whitaker on their fundraising tour of Great Britain. Initially, no trust had been planned, but less than a year into their trip, Occom and Whitaker had raised so much money it became clear that a trust was necessary to keep the money raised reputable and thus protect the images of those involved. On November 28, 1766, a trust was formed consisting of William Legge (the Earl of Dartmouth), Baron Smyth, John Thornton, Samuel Roffey, Charles Hardey, Daniel West, Samuel Savage, Josiah Robarts, and Robert Keen. These men all had prominent public reputations, and by association provided a guarantee that funds would be used for the purposes for which they had been given. All told, Occom and Whitaker raised nearly £10,000 (not including £2,000 in Scotland, which was put under the control of the Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge), a far greater sum than initially projected. The amount raised attracted intense public scrutiny and, given that its members had tied their reputations to the money’s collection and maintenance, the trust became enormously concerned with how Wheelock would employ it. Despite a minor scandal involving an impolitic and ultimately abandoned plan to transmit funds to America by buying trade goods and selling them at a profit, Wheelock and the English Trust managed to avoid any serious breach until March 1770, when Wheelock informed the men in England that he had obtained a charter for Dartmouth College. Wheelock had tried to get a charter for Moor’s Indian Charity School in Connecticut throughout the late 1750s and early 1760s, and there were two components to his plan: he wanted to move the school to a place where he could have room to expand, and he wanted to obtain a charter to open a college. The English Trust supported the first goal, but not the second, as a charter would interfere with its control of the funds. Wheelock was determined to have his charter, however, and when the time came, he told the English Trust only about his plan to move. The trust helped Wheelock select New Hampshire as the site for his relocation, but it did not learn about the charter -- granted by New Hampshire governor John Wentworth, with whom Wheelock had been secretly negotiating -- until more than three months after it had been issued. Adding insult to injury, Wheelock, without consultation, named the college after Lord Dartmouth, informing the man himself after the fact. (After the charter was issued, Dartmouth never wrote to Wheelock again.) The members of the English Trust were outraged; to placate them, Wheelock made superficial motions to keep Moor’s and Dartmouth separate, though in practice the institutions were one and the same. Despite its displeasure, the English Trust continued to honor Wheelock’s requests for money until 1775, when the fund ran out. It also drew from the fund to support Occom, whom it believed Wheelock had mistreated, and Kirkland, whom it saw as more faithful to the design of Christianizing Indians than Wheelock. Once the fund ran out, Thornton and Savage continued to provide Wheelock with some financial assistance when he found himself in debt.

The first English immigrant to settle on a peninsula in a harbor on the northeastern coast of North America the local Algonquin Indians called "Shawmet" was William Blackstone in 1629. A year later, John Winthrop arrived with a group of English Puritans and other settlers and named the area Boston after his hometown in Lincolnshire, England. The colony quickly developed representative political institutions that would help shape a democratic nation. Over the next few centuries, Boston emerged as an intellectual and educational center, and, because of its excellent harbor, became a leading commercial hub and a primary port for North America. It is the capital and largest city of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, and the largest city in New England. Boston was the home for the Boards of Commissioners of several overseas religious societies who sent missionaries throughout the colonies in the 18th century, and was the site of many important events of the American Revolution.

Bourton on the Water

A village in Gloucestershire, southwest England, in the Cotswolds area on the river Windrush, Bourton-on-the-Water is often called the "Little Venice" because of its series of low bridges.


A market town of Roman origins in east Gloucestershire, southwestern England. Formerly producing wool and grain, it is now the largest town in Cotswold region with a thriving tourist industry.


The capital and largest city of the United Kingdom, London is located in the southeastern region of England along the Thames River. The outpost that would become London originated as a military storage post for the Romans when they invaded Britain in the year 43. It soon developed as a trading center and financial hub for Roman Britain. During a revolt against the Romans in 61, London was burned to the ground; the rebuilt town appeared in Tacitus’s Annals as Londinium. With the decline of the Roman Empire in the 4th century, Londinium became a Saxon trading town. Following the Norman Conquest, London retained its central political and commercial importance. In the 14th century, under Edward II, Westminster became an administrative center and London became the capital of England. In the early 18th century, London was an important hub for evangelical Christianity and home to many influential people, like the charismatic Anglican minister, George Whitefield, who were sympathetic to Wheelock’s missionary endeavors. Occom arrived in London in February 1766 on his fundraising tour for Wheelock’s school and preached his first sermon at Whitefield’s Tabernacle. London would be Occom’s home base for the next two years, as he and Whitaker travelled throughout England and Scotland. Occom made many friends in London who would continue to support him after his break with Wheelock and the School. By the late 18th century, London had replaced Amsterdam as the center of world commerce, a role it would maintain until 1914.


Cambridge is a town located in southeastern England about 60 miles north of London in the county of Cambridgeshire. When the Iron Age Belgic tribe built the first settlement in the area in the first century BCE, Cambridge was the site of dense forests and marshes on the River Cam (at the time known as the River Granta). In 40 CE, the Romans first acquired the territory on which Cambridge would be built, followed later by the Saxons and the Normans. Cambridge’s roots as an intellectual center and university town date back to the Middle Ages. In 1209, scholars began arriving in Oxford, and 75 years later Hugh de Balsham, the Bishop of Ely, founded the first college in Cambridge. Five more colleges were established in the 13th century and ten more in the 15th and 16th centuries.


Norwich is a city on the River Wensum in the mid-eastern area of England. In the middle ages, it was the largest city in England after London, and until the Industrial Revolution, it was the capital of the most populous county in England, vying with Bristol for the position of England's second city. The area was originally the capital of the Iceni tribe, but became the Roman capital of East Anglia following an uprising led by Boudica around AD 60. The Anglo-Saxons settled on the site of the modern city between the 5th and 7th centuries, calling it "Northwic." It became a major center of the wool trade, markets and export, with many churches, a castle and a cathedral. Norwich experienced a strong Reformation movement in the mid-16th century and was home to various dissident minorities, such as the French Hugenots and the Belgian Walloon communities. After the Restoration of 1660, Norwich excelled in cloth manufacture, which brought increasing urbanization and a flourishing of intellectual life. The city's fortunes suffered in the 19th century until the railroad connection was established in 1845, and several manufacturing industries developed in the early 20th century. Norwich was an important stop for Occom and Whitaker on their fundraising tour of England.


Great Addington and Little Addington are neighboring villages in Northamptonshire, England, with a collective population of around 600. The two Addingtons, as they are known, are similar in size, although Great Addington is about 100 acres larger. The Addingtons were established in the 800s under the manorial system. There are two Anglican churches in the Addingtons, both built in the 13th century. Robert Keen mentions Addington and surrounding villages in Northamptonshire to Nathaniel Whitaker as possible sites for Occom to visit on their fundraising tour.

Stroude Hampton
Keen, Robert

Robert Keen was a London wool merchant and an ardent supporter of George Whitefield, the eminent evangelical. Although it is unclear when Keen and Whitefield first came into contact, by the 1760s Whitefield was writing to Keen frequently. In 1763, Keen, along with Daniel West, was given the task of managing Whitefield’s religious enterprises in London (specifically, his Tottenham Court Chapel and the Tabernacle, another London church), which they continued to do after Whitefield’s death. Keen was also one of the four executors of Whitefield’s affairs in England (along with West and Charles Hardy). As a result of his relationship with Whitefield, Keen was introduced to Occom and Whitaker upon their arrival in February 1766. He was a member of the informal committee that collected donations before October 1766 and provided Occom and Whitaker with advice on their route and strategies. Keen also became a member of the English Trust, the formal organization formed in October 1766 to safeguard donations. As secretary and deputy treasurer of the Trust, Keen played an important role in transmitting accounts and correspondence between the Trust and Wheelock during the tour and the long process of Wheelock’s relocation to New Hampshire. Along with fellow Trust members Samuel Savage and John Thornton, Keen continued to provide financial support to Wheelock after the Trust had been exhausted.

Whitaker, Nathaniel

Nathaniel Whitaker was an outspoken Presbyterian minister with a long and wide-ranging career. Between his ordination in 1755 and his death in 1795, Whitaker ministered to five different congregations. His longest tenure was at Chelsea, CT (near Norwich), from 1761-1769, during which he joined Occom on his two-and-a-half-year fundraising tour of Britain. While in Chelsea, Whitaker was very involved in Wheelock's project. The two engaged in frequent correspondence, and Whitaker served on Eleazar Wheelock's Board of Correspondents in Connecticut, as well as on the Board of Trustees of Moor's Indian Charity School. At one time, he was Wheelock's presumed successor, but Dartmouth's Trustees demanded that Wheelock appoint another. Wheelock, in part due to his strongly-held belief that Native Americans were childlike and rash, was convinced that Occom needed an Anglo-American supervisor on his fundraising tour. After several candidates turned down the job, Wheelock selected Whitaker. He proved to be a poor choice; he was, by many accounts, a difficult man to get along with, and many of Wheelock’s British allies, including George Whitefield and the English Trust (the organization that took control of the money Occom raised in England) preferred to deal with Occom, although Whitaker insisted on handling the tour’s logistics. Furthermore, in Britain, Occom was the obvious star of the tour, and it was unclear to many why Whitaker asserted himself so prominently. Whitaker’s poor decisions seriously alienated the English Trust and increased their suspicion of Wheelock’s later dealings and treatment of Occom. He gave the English Trust the impression that they would have control over money raised in Scotland (which was in fact lodged with the parent organization of the SSPCK), and he was the executor of the “Eells Affair,” a plan initiated by the CT Board of the SSPCK to bring the money that Occom and Whitaker raised back to the colonies by investing it in trade goods and selling them at a profit (Eells was one of the merchants who was to help with the resale of goods). The English Trust learned about the plan by reading letters that Whitaker had given them permission to open in his absence, and were immediately shocked. The wording of certain letters made it appear that only a percentage of the profit from the resale of the goods would go towards Moor’s Indian Charity School, but beyond that detail, the English Trust was scandalized at the thought of money raised for charity being invested in trade. The English Trust blamed Whitaker entirely for these affairs, and issued specific instructions for Occom to notarize all documents requiring Whitaker’s signature. In short, they wanted Occom to supervise Whitaker, when Wheelock had envisioned the opposite relationship (both Occom and Whitaker seem to have ignored their instructions, preferring to have as little contact with one another as possible). In 1769, a year after his return to Connecticut in 1768, Whitaker found himself dismissed by his Chelsea congregation (likely because he had spent two and a half years away from them). He went on to serve several more congregations before his death in 1795. Whitaker was an outspoken Whig, and during the Revolution he published several pamphlets on his political opinions.

Occom, Samson

Samson Occom was a Mohegan leader and ordained Presbyterian minister. Occom began his public career in 1742, when he was chosen as a tribal counselor to Ben Uncas II. The following year, he sought out Eleazar Wheelock, a young Anglo-American minister in Lebanon, CT, in hopes of obtaining some education and becoming a teacher at Mohegan. Wheelock agreed to take on Occom as a student, and though Occom had anticipated staying for a few weeks or months, he remained with Wheelock for four years. Occom’s academic success inspired Wheelock to open Moor’s Indian Charity School in 1754, a project which gave him the financial and political capital to establish Dartmouth College in 1769. After his time with Wheelock, Occom embarked on a 12-year mission to the Montauk of Long Island (1749-1761). He married a Montauk woman, Mary Fowler, and served as both teacher and missionary to the Montauk and nearby Shinnecock, although he was grievously underpaid for his services. Occom conducted two brief missions to the Oneida in 1761 and 1762 before embarking on one of the defining journeys of his career: a fundraising tour of Great Britain that lasted from 1765 to 1768. During this journey, undertaken on behalf of Moor’s Indian Charity School, Occom raised £12,000 (an enormous and unanticpated amount that translates roughly to more than two-million dollars), and won wide acclaim for his preaching and comportment. Upon his return to Mohegan in 1768, Occom discovered that Wheelock had failed to adequately care for his family while he was gone. Additionally, despite the vast sums of money that he had raised, Occom found himself unemployed. Wheelock tried to find Occom a missionary position, but Occom was in poor health and disinclined to leave his family again after seeing the treatment with which they had met while he was in Britain. Occom and Wheelock’s relationship continued to sour as it became apparent to Occom that the money he had labored to raise would be going towards infrastructure at Dartmouth College, Wheelock’s new project, rather than the education of Native Americans. After the dissolution of his relationship with Wheelock, Occom became increasingly focused on the needs of the Mohegan community and increasingly vocal in criticizing Anglo-Americans’ un-Christian treatment of Native Americans. In September of 1772, he delivered his famous “Sermon on the Execution of Moses Paul,” which took Anglo-American spiritual hypocrisy as one of its major themes, and which went into four printings before the end of the year. In 1773, Occom became further disillusioned when the Mason Land Case was decided in favor of the Colony of Connecticut. The details of the Mason Case are complicated, but to summarize: the Colony of Connecticut had gained control of Mohegan land early in the 18th century under very suspect circumstances, and successfully fended off the Mohegan’s 70-year-long legal challenge. The conclusion of the case came as a blow to the Mohegans, and further convinced Occom of Anglo-American corruption. Along with David Fowler (Montauk Tribe), Occom's brother-in-law, and Joseph Johnson (Mohegan), Occom's son-in-law, Occom helped found Brothertown, an Indian tribe formed from the Christian Mohegans, Pequots, Narragansetts, Montauks, Tunxis, and Niantics. They eventually settled in Oneida country in upstate New York. Occom moved there with his family in 1789, spending the remaining years of his life serving as a minster to the Brothertown, Stockbridge, and Mohegan Indians. Harried by corrupt land agents, the Brothertown and Stockbridge groups relocated to the eastern shore of Lake Winnebago, though Occom died in 1792 before he could remove himself and his family there. Occom's writings and legacy have made him one of the best known and most eminent Native Americans of the 18th century and beyond.

Salter, Richard
Wheelock, Eleazar

Eleazar Wheelock was a New Light Congregationalist minister who founded Dartmouth College. He was born into a very typical Congregationalist family, and began studying at Yale in 1729, where he fell in with the emerging New Light clique. The evangelical network that he built in college propelled him to fame as an itinerant minister during the First Great Awakening and gave him many of the contacts that he later drew on to support his charity school for Native Americans. Wheelock’s time as an itinerant minister indirectly brought about his charity school. When the Colony of Connecticut retroactively punished itinerant preaching in 1743, Wheelock was among those who lost his salary. Thus, in 1743, he began operating a grammar school to support himself. He was joined that December by Samson Occom, a Mohegan Indian, who sought out an education in hopes of becoming a teacher among his people. Occom’s academic success inspired Wheelock to train Native Americans as missionaries. To that end, he opened Moor’s Indian Charity School in 1754 (where he continued to train Anglo-American students who paid their own way as well as students who functionally indentured themselves to Wheelock as missionaries in exchange for an education). Between 1754 and 1769, when he relocated to New Hampshire, Wheelock trained approximately 60 male and female Native American students from nearby Algonquian tribes and from the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) of central New York. At the same time, he navigated the complicated politics of missionary societies by setting up his own board of the Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge, although he continued to feud with the Boston Board of the SSPCK and the London Commissioners in Boston (more colloquially called the New England Company). By the late 1760s, Wheelock had become disillusioned with the idea of Native American education. He was increasingly convinced that educating Native Americans was futile (several of his students had failed to conform to his confusing and contradictory standards), and, in late 1768, he lost his connection to the Haudenosaunee. With his inclination and ability to sponsor Native American missionaries largely depleted, Wheelock sought instead to fulfill his ultimate ambition of obtaining a charter and opening a college, which he did in 1769. To fund this new enterprise, Wheelock drew on the £12,000 that Samson Occom had raised for Moor’s Indian Charity School during a two-and-a-half year tour of Great Britain (1765 to 1768). Much of this money went towards clearing land and erecting buildings in New Hampshire for the Charity School’s relocation — infrastructure that also happened to benefit Dartmouth. Many of Wheelock’s contemporaries were outraged by what they saw as misuse of the money, as it was clear that Dartmouth College was not intended for Indians and that Moor’s had become a side project. Although Wheelock tried to maintain at least some commitment to Native American education by recruiting students from Canadian communities, the move did a great deal of damage to his public image. The last decade of Wheelock’s life was not easy. In addition to the problems of trying to set up a college far away from any Anglo-American urban center, Wheelock experienced the loss of relationships with two of his most famous and successful students, Samson Occom and Samuel Kirkland (an Anglo-American protégé). He also went into debt for Dartmouth College, especially after the fund raised in Britain was exhausted.

Whitefield, George

George Whitefield, the English itinerant preacher who helped spark the Great Awakening, was an essential supporter of Eleazar Wheelock’s project. Whitefield studied at Pembroke College, Oxford, where he met the pioneers of Methodism, John and Charles Wesley. He was ordained in 1736, and he made the first of his seven trips to America two years later. While abroad in 1740, Whitefield founded an orphanage in Georgia, and went on a preaching tour during which he met Wheelock and spread ideals that prompted the Great Awakening. Although Whitefield was ordained in the Church of England, his enthusiastic preaching style and charismatic personality made him a controversial figure, and traditional clergyman on both sides of the Atlantic censured him. Nonetheless, he continued to be an important contact and friend of Wheelock’s, and his dedication to Wheelock’s vision was evident. He contributed money to the cause, secured various other funders, and donated an eighty-pound prayer bell to the school. More importantly, Whitefield not only suggested to Wheelock the idea of a fundraising tour in Great Britain, he hosted Occom and Whitaker shortly after they arrived in England, provided a house for them to reside in for the remainder of their tour, and introduced the pair to influential figures such as William Legge, the Earl of Dartmouth. Whitefield tabernacle’s was the setting of Occom’s first sermon in England on February 16, 1766, and many believe that Whitefield wrote the introduction to a pamphlet printed in London during the campaign (although he was not credited). Whitefield continued to be involved in Wheelock’s work until he died in Newburyport, MA in September of 1770.

Williams, Solomon

Solomon Williams was a Congregationalist pastor in Lebanon, CT from 1722 until his death in 1776. As pastor at Lebanon, Williams rose to prominence as a theologian and engaged in extensive correspondence and debate with some of the most eminent minds of the day. He was one of the rare truly moderate New Lights during the Great Awakening: he managed to maintain the respect of both Charles Chauncy, the rabid anti-revivalist, and George Whitefield, the famous evangelical. Williams also established a library in Lebanon and a very well-known grammar school, which became something of a feeder for Yale. Williams supported Eleazar Wheelock and Moor’s Indian Charity School through much of the 1750s and 1760s. He was something of a mentor to Samson Occom, and he became president of Wheelock’s Connecticut Board of the Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge (SSPCK). It is unclear why Williams is not named as a trustee of Moor’s in Wheelock’s 1768 will; perhaps Wheelock feared that Williams would not outlive him. Williams continued to run the Connecticut Board even after Wheelock relocated to New Hampshire in 1770. Despite the SSPCK’s disappointment in Wheelock, Williams and Wheelock seem to have remained on cordial terms. Their correspondence ceased in 1772, after Wheelock tried (and failed) to open a New Hampshire Board to replace the one in Connecticut (with, it might be added, the Connecticut Board’s blessing).


Unidentified Smith.

Smith, Titus

Titus Smith was a Yale graduate whom Wheelock trained and ordained as a missionary and sent to the Six Nations with the 1765 mission. Together with Theophilus Chamberlain, a Yale student with whom he was examined and ordained, Smith led the band of newly-examined schoolteachers and ushers into the Six Nations to set up day schools. After Ebenezer Moseley replaced him, Smith retired from the missionary life and became an itinerant preacher in Connecticut until 1768, when he converted to Sandemanianism and was re-ordained. Because of his religion (Sandemanians opposed violence), as well as his Tory politics, Smith found himself in danger when the Revolution broke out. His family fled to Long Island, and from there to Halifax, Nova Scotia, where Smith lived out his remaining years.

Radcliffe, J.
Snook, William
Turner, Francis
Reeve, Jn.
Humphries, John
Rickards, Samuel
Rickards, James
Boyce, B.
Ross, George
Orton, Thomas
Cooper, William
Smith, S
Smith, W
Reader, Samuel
Oldham, S.
Fletcher, S.
Palmer, W.
Mee, William
Durnford, Richard
Ewer, W.
Ewer, J.
Burwell, Ep.m
Burwell, Samuel
Fundraising Tour of Great Britain
After many months of planning and shifting personnel, Occom, accompanied by the minister Nathaniel Whitaker, sets sail in December 1765 for a two-and-a-half year tour of England and Scotland in order to solicit contributions to Wheelock’s Indian Charity School and missionary efforts. Introduced to aristocrats and prominent clergy by the minister George Whitefield, Occom preaches many sermons, travels widely, and collects a large sum of money.
Document Summary

People identified in this document:

id Text in document Role in header Authorized Name
pers1672.ocp J. Radcliffe Esq r Esq. mentioned Radcliffe, J.
pers1673.ocp M r Mr. Moore mentioned Moore
pers1674.ocp M r Mr. Flock mentioned Flock
pers1675.ocp Rev d Rev. M r Mr. Drake s mentioned Drake
pers1676.ocp Rev d Rev. M r Mr. Bull mentioned Bull
pers1044.ocp Rev d Rev. M r Mr. Hextal mentioned Hextal
pers1677.ocp Rev d Rev. M r Mr. Rylands mentioned Rylands
pers0306.ocp Rev d Rev. M r Mr. King mentioned King
pers1678.ocp M. rs Mrs. Bakewell mentioned Bakewell
pers1679.ocp Rev d Rev. M r Mr. Grant s mentioned Grant
pers1048.ocp Jackson mentioned Jackson
pers0334.ocp Lloyd mentioned Lloyd
pers1680.ocp Rev d Rev. M r Mr. Butterworth mentioned Butterworth
pers1681.ocp Simpson mentioned Simpson
pers1682.ocp Allcott mentioned Allcott
pers0177.ocp The Rev d Rev. D. r Dr. Edwards mentioned Edwards
pers1683.ocp Rev d Rev. M r Mr. Keddle mentioned Keddle
pers1733.ocp Rev d Rev. M r Mr. Broadhurst mentioned Broadhurst
pers1683.ocp The Rev d Rev. M r Mr. Keddle mentioned Keddle
pers1684.ocp Rev d Rev. M r Mr. Whitmore mentioned Whitmore
pers0662.ocp Rev d Rev. M r Mr. Bedham Beddome mentioned Beddome
pers1685.ocp M r Mr. W m William Snook mentioned Snook, William
pers1686.ocp Rev d Rev. M r Mr. Johnson mentioned Johnson
pers1687.ocp M r Mr. Wavet mentioned Wavet
pers1688.ocp M r Mr. Kimber mentioned Kimber
pers1689.ocp Rev d Rev. M r Mr. Davis mentioned Davis
pers1690.ocp M r Mr. Freeman mentioned Freeman
pers1691.ocp M r Mr. Wilkins mentioned Wilkins
pers1692.ocp Francis Turner mentioned Turner, Francis
pers1693.ocp Jn Reeve mentioned Reeve, Jn.
pers1694.ocp Golsham mentioned Golsham
pers1695.ocp Haydon mentioned Haydon
pers1696.ocp John Humphries mentioned Humphries, John
pers1697.ocp Rev d Rev. M r Mr. Jones mentioned Jones
pers1698.ocp Rev d Rev. Hayward mentioned Hayward
pers1699.ocp Rev d Rev. M r Mr. Aske mentioned Aske
pers1700.ocp Sam l Samuel Rickards mentioned Rickards, Samuel
pers1701.ocp James Rickards mentioned Rickards, James
pers1702.ocp Rev d Rev. M r Mr. Dark mentioned Dark
pers1703.ocp Rev d Rev. M r Mr. Beal mentioned Beal
pers0499.ocp M r Mr. Smith mentioned Smith
pers1704.ocp Unwicke mentioned Unwicke
pers1705.ocp Pointings mentioned Pointings
pers1706.ocp Cooke mentioned Cooke
pers1708.ocp Blackmon mentioned Blackmon
pers1709.ocp Rev d Rev. B. Boyce mentioned Boyce, B.
pers0102.ocp Rev d Rev. M r Mr. Brown mentioned Brown
pers0037.ocp M d Mr. Whitaker recipient Whitaker, Nathaniel
pers1709.ocp M r Mr. Boyce mentioned Boyce, B.
pers1710.ocp Rev d Rev. M r Mr. Matlock mentioned Matlock
pers1709.ocp M r Mr. Boyce s Boyce's mentioned Boyce, B.
pers1711.ocp George Roſs Ross mentioned Ross, George
pers1712.ocp Tho. s Thomas Orton mentioned Orton, Thomas
pers1713.ocp W. m William Cooper mentioned Cooper, William
pers1714.ocp S mentioned Smith, S
pers1715.ocp W Smith mentioned Smith, W
pers1716.ocp Little mentioned Little
pers1717.ocp Lowke mentioned Lowke
pers1718.ocp Sam l Samuel Reader mentioned Reader, Samuel
pers1720.ocp T & and S Oldham mentioned Oldham, S.
pers1721.ocp Fletcher mentioned Fletcher, S.
pers1722.ocp Hunt mentioned Hunt
pers0037.ocp Nath. l Nathaniel Whitaker recipient Whitaker, Nathaniel
pers1723.ocp W. Palmer mentioned Palmer, W.
pers1724.ocp Pearson mentioned Pearson
pers0037.ocp N. Nathaniel Whitaker recipient Whitaker, Nathaniel
pers1725.ocp W. m William Mee mentioned Mee, William
pers1696.ocp J. John Humphries mentioned Humphries, John
pers1726.ocp Rich d Richard Durnford mentioned Durnford, Richard
pers0037.ocp N. Nathaniel Whitaker recipient Whitaker, Nathaniel
pers1727.ocp W mentioned Ewer, W.
pers1728.ocp J. Ewer mentioned Ewer, J.
pers1729.ocp Ep m mentioned Burwell, Ep.m
pers1730.ocp Sam l Samuel Burwell mentioned Burwell, Samuel
pers0301.ocp Rob t Robert Keen writer Keen, Robert
pers1731.ocp Sawbridge mentioned Sawbridge
pers1732.ocp Barnston mentioned Barnston
pers1718.ocp M r Mr. Sam l Samuel Reader mentioned Reader, Samuel
pers0037.ocp Rev d Rev. M r Mr. Whitaker recipient Whitaker, Nathaniel
pers1682.ocp Allicott mentioned Allcott
pers1734.ocp M r Mr. Buxton mentioned Buxton
pers1735.ocp M r Mr. Euson mentioned Euson
pers0037.ocp M r Mr. Whitaker recipient Whitaker, Nathaniel
pers0219.ocp D r Dr. Gibbons mentioned Gibbons
pers0405.ocp M r Mr. Parry mentioned Parry
pers0038.ocp M r Mr. Whitefield mentioned Whitefield, George
pers1736.ocp Rev d Rev. M. r Mr. Howel mentioned Howel
pers0036.ocp M r Mr. Wheelock mentioned Wheelock, Eleazar
pers0039.ocp Solom n Solomon Williams mentioned Williams, Solomon
pers0503.ocp Titus Smith mentioned Smith, Titus
pers0033.ocp M r Mr. Salter mentioned Salter, Richard
pers0030.ocp M, r Mr. Occom mentioned Occom, Samson
pers0030.ocp M: r Mr. Occom mentioned Occom, Samson
pers0301.ocp M r Mr. Keen writer Keen, Robert
pers0037.ocp Rev d Rev. M r Mr. Nath l Nathaniel Whitaker recipient Whitaker, Nathaniel
pers1736.ocp Rev d Rev. M r Mr. Howel mentioned Howel

Places identified in this document:

id Text in document Authorized Name
place0128.ocp London London
place0247.ocp Worcester Worcester
place0101.ocp Hitchin Hitchin
place0453.ocp Olney Olney
place0599.ocp New Port New Port
place0452.ocp Northampton Northampton
place0600.ocp Welford Welford
place0601.ocp Willingborough Willingborough
place0602.ocp Coventry Coventry
place0603.ocp Warwicke Warwick
place0604.ocp Alecoker Alecoker
place0605.ocp Evesham Evesham
place0606.ocp Hooknorton Hooknorton
place0014.ocp Bourton on y e the Water Bourton on the Water
place0040.ocp Cirencester Cirencester
place0607.ocp Tewksbury Tewksbury
place0608.ocp Parshore Parshore
place0609.ocp Kettering Kettering
place0610.ocp Woodstreet Woodstreet
place0611.ocp Birmingham Birmingham
place0262.ocp Cambridge Cambridge
place0276.ocp Norwich Norwich
place0013.ocp Boston Boston
place0203.ocp Scotland Scotland
place0003.ocp America America
place0612.ocp Rothwell Rothwell
place0613.ocp Adington Addington
place0614.ocp Harborough Harborough
place0615.ocp Lutterworth Lutterworth
place0616.ocp Bedford Bedford
place0617.ocp Stroude Hampton Stroude Hampton

Organizations identified in this document:

id Text in document Authorized Name
org0034.ocp Board of Connecticut Connecticut Board of Correspondents of the Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge
org0103.ocp Trust Trust in England
org0103.ocp the trust Trust in England

Dates identified in this document:

Standard Form Text
1767-04-14 14:th14th April 1767
1767-04-09 9th9th April
1767-03-06 March 16th16th.
1767-03-27 March 27th
1767-03-28 28th28th March
1767-04-02 Apl. 2
1767-04-06 6th.6th
1767-04-09 9th.9th
1767-04-09 Ap.lApril 9th9th
1767-03-27 27th27th March
1767-04-30 30th30th April
1767-03-27 March 27th27th
1767-03-31 31st31st
1767-05-24 24th24th of May
1767-04-14 14th14th April 1767
1767-04-17 Apr 14, 1767

Regularized text:

Type Original Regularized
modernization 14:th 14th
modernization ye the
modernization 9th 9th
variation Includeing including
modernization Esqr Esq.
modernization Mr Mr.
modernization Revd Rev.
modernization Mrs.
modernization Meſ Messrs.
modernization Meſsrs Messrs.
modernization D.r Dr.
variation Bedham Beddome
modernization Revd Mr.
variation Publick public
modernization &c etc.
modernization Md Mr.
modernization Boyces Boyce's
modernization 1st 1st
modernization Vizt viz.
modernization 16th 16th
modernization Roſs Ross
variation yr Self yourself
modernization 28th 28th
modernization Meſsrss. Messrs.
modernization 6th. 6th
variation y.r self yourself
modernization 9th. 9th
modernization 27th 27th
modernization 30th 30th
modernization vizt viz.
modernization 31st 31st
variation farr far
variation wether whether
modernization leſs less
variation desireing desiring
modernization Dr Dr.
variation parcell parcel
modernization M.r Mr.
modernization &.c etc.
modernization aſsembly assembly
modernization 24th 24th
modernization commiſsion commission
modernization &c. etc.
variation shew show
variation else where elsewhere
modernization M,r Mr.
modernization hoarseneſs hoarseness
modernization usefulneſs usefulness
modernization M:r Mr.
modernization remiſs remiss
variation loveing loving
variation your self yourself
modernization busineſs business
modernization 14th 14th

Expanded abbreviations:

Abbreviation Expansion
Sr Sir
Acco..ts accounts
& and
compar'd compared
Collectd Collected
Collectd collected
Wm William
Saml Samuel
followg following
accot account
acknowge acknowledge
Recd received
wch which
yr your
Recd received
Tho.s Thomas
payble payable
Endors'd endorsed
W.m William
Endor'd endorsed
endors'd endorsed
Nath.l Nathaniel
N. Nathaniel
Recd Received
J. John
N.o number
Richd Richard
yose yourself
Reced Received
Ap.l April
Robt Robert
Accots accounts
order'd ordered
Shillgs shillings
reced received
enclos'd enclosed
Dr dear
Hble humble
Servt servant which
hinder'd hindered
'twill it will
return'd returned
Recommendts recommendations
sign'd signed
Solomn Solomon
acco..ts accounts
pursu'd pursued
Gentn gentlemen
concern'd concerned
Restor'd restored
S.r Sir Yours yours
Nathl Nathaniel

This document's header does not contain any mixed case attribute values.

Summary of errors found in this document:

Number of dates with invalid 'when' attributes: 0
Number of nested "hi" tags: (consider merging the @rend attributes, or using other tags) 0
Number of tags with invalid 'rend' attributes: 0 (out of 259)
Number of people/places/organizations with unknown keys: 0 (out of 160)
Number of "add" tags with unknown 'place' attributes: 0 (out of 20)
Mixed case attribute values in header (potential error): 0 (out of 355)
HomeRobert Keen, letter, 1767 April 14
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