John Brainerd, letter, to Eleazar Wheelock, 1766 September 16


[note (type: abstract): Brainerd writes about the apprehension of the murderers of two Indian women, includes letters from Francis Alison and John Ewing recommending John G. Kals as a teacher and missionary, and gives his own recommendation of Kals, with reservations.][note (type: handwriting): Handwriting is bold, stylized and occasionally difficult to decipher.][note (type: paper): Large sheet folded in half to make four pages is in good-to-fair condition, with some yellowing and moderate-to-heavy creasing that leads to a minor loss of text. There is older preservation work on one verso and two recto. The outer edges appear to have been trimmed.][note (type: ink): Dark brown.][note (type: noteworthy): The text is dimmed somewhat by preservation work. An editor, likely 19th-century, had added the note "Ind Mis" to two verso; this note has not been included in the transcription.]

EventsFundraising Tour of Great Britain

[Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [& | and]&and Dear Sir, 
I wrote you Some Time ago, and left it  at Egg harbour[place0392.ocp] to go by the [firſt | first]firſtfirst Connecticut[place0048.ocp] [Veſsel | Vessel]VeſselVessel;  what its fate will be I know not. I now write  again, not knowing of any direct Opportunity,  but determining ^[above] to [imbrace | embrace]imbraceembrace^to [imbrace | embrace]imbraceembrace the [firſt | first]firſtfirst [& | and]&and [beſt | best]beſtbest that offers.  I [inform'd | informed]inform'dinformed you of the Murder of two Indian Women  in this Pr[gap: tear][guess (ivys): o]ovince[place0163.ocp], by a Couple of [Stragling | straggling]Straglingstraggling Stran=  gers, — of ^[above] [thier | their]thiertheir^[thier | their]thiertheir [Apprehenſion | Apprehension]ApprehenſionApprehension, and [Exeution | Execution]ExeutionExecution at Bur=  lington[place0391.ocp], the [firſt | first]firſtfirst of Aug. [ult. | ultimo]ult.ultimo[1766-08-01] This I did that  it might communicated to the remote Indi=  ans, who will [doubtleſs | doubtless]doubtleſsdoubtless hear of the Murder, and  ought to be [enformd | informed]enformdinformed of the Murderers being  brought to Justice. You will [doubtleſs | doubtless]doubtleſsdoubtless, [thro' | through]thro'through  [S.r | Sir]S.rSir William [Johnſon | Johnson]JohnſonJohnson[pers0292.ocp], or [otherwiſe | otherwise]otherwiſeotherwise have Oppor=  tunity to do it.
Since my [laſt | last]laſtlast I [receiv'd | received]receiv'dreceived a Letter from the  [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [D.r | Dr.]D.rDr. [Aliſon | Alison]AliſonAlison[pers0945.ocp], the Contents of which I [ſhall | shall]ſhallshall  give you, and they are as follows.
"[Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [& | and]&and [Dr | Dr.]DrDr. [S.r | Sir]S.rSir 
"I take this Opportunity to introduce to your  "Acquaintance the [Rev.d | Rev.]Rev.dRev. Mr John G. Kals[pers0950.ocp], a Minis= "ter of the Dutch [reform'd | reformed]reform'dreformed Churches[org0143.ocp]. He is a Gentle= "man of Piety [& | and]&and Learning, [& | and]&and zealous to promote the  "Kingdom of [Chriſt | Christ]ChriſtChrist, [& | and]&and well qualified many Ways to   Serve  ^[bottom] Letter from [M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. [Jn.o | John]Jn.oJohn Brainerd[pers0004.ocp]^Letter from [M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. [Jn.o | John]Jn.oJohn Brainerd[pers0004.ocp]  ^[bottom] [Sep.t | September]Sep.tSeptember 16. 1766[1766-09-16],—[abo.t | about]abo.tabout^[Sep.t | September]Sep.tSeptember 16. 1766[1766-09-16],—[abo.t | about]abo.tabout  ^[bottom] [M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. Kalls[pers0950.ocp]^[M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. Kalls[pers0950.ocp]   
"Serve God, [& | and]&and to do Service in the Church if a Door  "of [uſefulneſs | usefulness]uſefulneſsusefulness were opened. He [underſtands | understands]underſtandsunderstands Hebrew,  "Chaldaic [&c | etc.]&cetc. beyond any that I know on the Continent,  "and might be of great Service to teach Candi= "dates for the Ministry to read the Bible in Hebrew.  "I lament that we are [ſo | so]ſoso [careleſs | careless]careleſscareless how we teach Divi= "nity, and particularly to make our Students migh= "ty in the Scriptures, [& | and]&and I am amazed that in the  "[Coleges | Colleges]ColegesColleges of Princeton[org0067.ocp] ^[above] [& | and]&and^[& | and]&and [Philad.a | Philadelphia]Philad.aPhiladelphia[org0142.ocp] this is neglected or ra= "ther [deſpiſed | despised]deſpiſeddespised for this Gentleman c[gap: tear][guess (ivys): an]an teach it to  "great Perfection, and is willing to teach it on any  "terms, [ſo | so]ſoso as he can have but food [& | and]&and Raiment [& | and]&and  "our neglect of what is in our Power will be [chargd | charged]chargdcharged  "to our Account. He has heard of [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Wheelock[pers0036.ocp]'s  "unwearied Endeavours to convert the Indians, [& | and]&and  "would think [himſelf | himself]himſelfhimself greatly [honour'd | honoured]honour'dhonoured could he  "be any Way [uſeful | useful]uſefuluseful in this great Work. I [ad= "viſed | ad vised]ad= "viſedad vised him [firſt | first]firſtfirst to [viſit | visit]viſitvisit [& | and]&and [converſe | converse]converſeconverse with you, [& | and]&and to  "Stay Some Days [& | and]&and [viſit | visit]viſitvisit the Indians in their [Houſes | Houses]HouſesHouses,  "to See them attend [Worſhip | Worship]WorſhipWorship, and how the Children  "learn: [& | and]&and [poſsibly | possibly]poſsiblypossibly from thence he might form a bet= "ter Judgement how he is qualified to do [any thing | anything]any thinganything  "in this great Work. he is poor, but very frugal;  "what regard you [ſhow | show]ſhowshow to him I [ſhall | shall]ſhallshall account as  "a favour done to   [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. Sir,   your [&c | etc.]&cetc." — —
At the Same Time I [receiv'd | received]receiv'dreceived the following from  the [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. Ewing[pers0774.ocp].
"As [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Kalls[pers0950.ocp] Showed me the [in= cloſd | en‐ closed]in= cloſden‐ closed 
" Letter from [Dr | Dr.]DrDr. [Aliſon | Alison]AliſonAlison[pers0945.ocp] before the Sealing of it,  "I can say from my own Knowledge that what he relates  "of that Gentleman I can heartily [Subſcribe | Subscribe]SubſcribeSubscribe. I would only  "add that Such was his Zeal to Spread the Gospel a= "mong the benighted Heathen that he voluntarily under= "took a Voyage to Surinam[place0465.ocp] with proper [Teſtimontials | testimontials]Teſtimontialstestimontials  "from the Synod of Holland[org0145.ocp] [& | and]&and [Claſsis | Classis]ClaſsisClassis of [Amſterdam | Amsterdam]AmſterdamAmsterdam[org0144.ocp]. But left  "it, when he found that there was no effectual Door [open'd | opened]open'dopened for  "him in that Place. His heart is [illegible][guess (ivys): So much]So much Set upon this  "Work that he has wrote a large Quarto [Vol. | Volume]Vol.Volume upon the Sub= "ject in Low Dutch as a [Teſtimony | Testimony]TeſtimonyTestimony to the World of his  "[Deſire | Desire]DeſireDesire to contribute to So good a [Cauſe | Cause]CauſeCause, in hopes that Some  "might be excited thereby to engage in the arduous [& | and]&and [Selfde= "nying | self-de nying]Selfde= "nyingself-de nying Work. If you have need of Such [Aſsiſtance | assistance]Aſsiſtanceassistance as he can  "give, I doubt not but he would be very glad of an  "Opportunity of being [employd | employed]employdemployed in any Way that you may  "think will have the [beſt | best]beſtbest [Tendancy | tendency]Tendancytendency to promote your truly  "benevolent [Deſigns | designs]Deſignsdesigns both to the Indians [& | and]&and white People  "in your wide, extended [Dioſecſe | diocese]Dioſecſediocese.   [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. Sir,   your [&c | etc.]&cetc." —
[M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. Kals[pers0950.ocp] accordingly [tarrid | tarried]tarridtarried here near a Week,  preachd twice attended the School [ſome | some]ſomesome [& | and]&and [viſitd | visited]viſitdvisited at  [ſome | some]ſomesome of the Indian [Houſes | Houses]HouſesHouses.. He is a Man of about  65 Years of Age, a great [Linguiſt | Linguist]LinguiſtLinguist [gap: worn_edge][guess (ivys): and]and a [gap: worn_edge][guess (ivys): c]close Student.  He tells me he can make [uſe | use]uſeuse of 16 Languages viz  Latin, Greek Hebrew, Chaldea, Syriac, Arabic Ethiopi[gap: worn_edge]  [Parſie | Parsi]ParſieParsi, German, Low Dutch, French, [Spaniſh | Spanish]SpaniſhSpanish, Italian  [Turkiſh | Turkish]TurkiſhTurkish, [Ruſsian | Russian]RuſsianRussian [& | and]&and [Engliſh | English]EngliſhEnglish. The [laſt | last]laſtlast of [theſe | these]theſethese he Seems  to be well acquainted with, but does not Speak  plain, which renders it [Somwhat | somewhat]Somwhatsomewhat laborious to [con= verſe | con verse]con= verſecon verse with him. This I apperehend to be the great=   [eſt | est]eſtest 
[eſt | est]eſtest Difficulty in his Way of [Inſtructing | Instructing]InſtructingInstructing, [eſpe= cially | espe cially]eſpe= ciallyespe cially in [ſuch | such]ſuchsuch a School as yours[org0098.ocp]. I have  a good deal of [Reaſon | Reason]ReaſonReason to think him well  capable of [Inſtructing | Instructing]InſtructingInstructing in other Branches of  Learning [beſides | besides]beſidesbesides the Languages, [illegible][eſpecially | especially]eſpeciallyespecially Di=  vinity, [& | and]&and that he would be very [acurate | accurate]acurateaccurate there=  in, but his want of Speaking the [Engliſh | English]EngliſhEnglish  well is a great Difficulty. I thought it my  Duty to write, as I know him to be in many [Re= ſpect | re spect]Re= ſpectre spect[gap: worn_edge][guess (ivys): s]s Qualified to do Service in the teaching  Way; yet I am not without Some Secret Fears  he [wont | won't]wontwon't Suit you, as it is [ſomewhat | somewhat]ſomewhatsomewhat Difficult  to [underſtand | understand]underſtandunderstand him, and [muſt | must]muſtmust be much more  So for [thoſe | those]thoſethose that have not [illegible]the [Engliſh | English]EngliſhEnglish Tongue  perfectly. But that his Talents might not  be buried, and that your School[org0098.ocp] (if it may be)  may receive Help [& | and]&and Benefit I have written:  And now commit the Matter to the [Diſpoſal | Disposal]DiſpoſalDisposal of Pro=  vidence. This Gentleman at [preſent | present]preſentpresent [reſides | resides]reſidesresides in  Philadelphia[place0186.ocp].
I See by the [laſt | last]laſtlast Paper that our Friends [M.r | Mr.]M.rMr.  Whitaker[pers0037.ocp] [& | and]&and [M[gap: worn_edge][guess (ivys): r]r | Mr.]M[gap: worn_edge][guess (ivys): r]rMr. [Occum | Occom]OccumOccom[pers0030.ocp] collected upward of 133 £ at  the [Rev.d | Rev.]Rev.dRev. [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Brewer[pers0094.ocp]s [Chh | Church]ChhChurch in Stepney[place0224.ocp]. May Heaven  [ſend | send]ſendsend them Prosperity [every where | everywhere]every whereeverywhere, and make your  School[org0098.ocp] a [Bleſsing | blessing]Bleſsingblessing to the [illegible] [Posterty | Posterity]PostertyPosterity. I long  to hear from you.
My [beſt | best]beſtbest Regards to [ | Mrs.]M.rsMrs. Wheelock[pers0036.ocp] (in which my  Wife[pers1771.ocp] very heartily Joins [tho' | though]tho'though unknown).  and accept the Same from,   
[Rev.d | Rev.]Rev.dRev. [Hon.d | Honoured]Hon.dHonoured Sir; your most affectionate John Brainerd[pers0004.ocp] 
[left] P'S If you Should entertain any thoughts of employing this Gentleman it might be well to [enquire | inquire]enquireinquire further  I had no [Acquaitance | Acquaintance]AcquaitanceAcquaintance with him [till | 'til]till'til [t'other | the other]t'otherthe other Day. [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. William Tennent[pers0960.ocp] might be a proper [Perſon | person]Perſonperson. — —
P'S If you Should entertain any thoughts of employing this Gentleman it might be well to [enquire | inquire]enquireinquire further  I had no [Acquaitance | Acquaintance]AcquaitanceAcquaintance with him [till | 'til]till'til [t'other | the other]t'otherthe other Day. [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. William Tennent[pers0960.ocp] might be a proper [Perſon | person]Perſonperson. — — 
Document Summary

People identified in this document:

id Text in document Role in header Authorized Name
pers0292.ocp William Johnſon Johnson mentioned Johnson, William
pers0945.ocp Rev d Rev. D. r Dr. Aliſon Alison mentioned Alison, Francis
pers0950.ocp Rev. d Rev. Mr John G. Kals mentioned Kals, John G.
pers0004.ocp M. r Mr. Jn. o John Brainerd writer Brainerd, John
pers0950.ocp M. r Mr. Kalls mentioned Kals, John G.
pers0036.ocp M r Mr. Wheelock recipient Wheelock, Eleazar
pers0774.ocp Rev d Rev. M. r Mr. Ewing mentioned Ewing, John
pers0950.ocp M r Mr. Kalls mentioned Kals, John G.
pers0945.ocp Dr Dr. Aliſon Alison mentioned Alison, Francis
pers0950.ocp M. r Mr. Kals mentioned Kals, John G.
pers0037.ocp Whitaker mentioned Whitaker, Nathaniel
pers0030.ocp M r Mr. Occum Occom mentioned Occom, Samson
pers0094.ocp Rev. d Rev. M r Mr. Brewer mentioned Brewer, Samuel
pers0036.ocp M. rs Mrs. Wheelock recipient Wheelock, Eleazar
pers1771.ocp Wife mentioned Brainerd, Elizabeth
pers0004.ocp John Brainerd writer Brainerd, John
pers0960.ocp M r Mr. William Tennent mentioned Tennent, William

Places identified in this document:

id Text in document Authorized Name
place0551.ocp Brotherton Edgepillock (Brotherton)
place0392.ocp Egg harbour Egg Harbor
place0048.ocp Connecticut Connecticut
place0163.ocp Pr o vince New Jersey
place0391.ocp Bur= lington Burlington
place0465.ocp Surinam Surinam
place0186.ocp Philadelphia Philadelphia
place0224.ocp Stepney Stepney

Organizations identified in this document:

id Text in document Authorized Name
org0143.ocp Dutch reform'dreformed Churches Dutch Reformed Church
org0067.ocp Princeton Princeton University
org0142.ocp Philad.aPhiladelphia University of Pennsylvania
org0145.ocp Synod of Holland Synod of Holland
org0144.ocp ClaſsisClassis of AmſterdamAmsterdam Classis of Amsterdam
org0098.ocp a School as yours Moor’s Indian Charity School
org0098.ocp your School Moor’s Indian Charity School

Dates identified in this document:

Standard Form Text
1766-09-16 16.th16th Sep.rSeptember 1766
1766-08-01 firſtfirst of Aug. ult.ultimo
1766-09-16 Sep.tSeptember 16. 1766

Regularized text:

Type Original Regularized
modernization 16th
modernization Revd Rev.
modernization firſt first
modernization Veſsel Vessel
variation imbrace embrace
modernization beſt best
variation Stragling straggling
variation thier their
modernization Apprehenſion Apprehension
modernization doubtleſs doubtless
variation enformd informed
modernization Johnſon Johnson
modernization otherwiſe otherwise
modernization laſt last
modernization D.r Dr.
modernization Aliſon Alison
modernization ſhall shall
modernization Dr Dr.
modernization Rev.d Rev.
modernization Chriſt Christ
modernization M.r Mr.
modernization uſefulneſs usefulness
modernization underſtands understands
modernization &c etc.
modernization ſo so
modernization careleſs careless
variation Coleges Colleges
modernization deſpiſed despised
modernization Mr Mr.
modernization himſelf himself
modernization uſeful useful
modernization ad= "viſed ad vised
modernization viſit visit
modernization converſe converse
modernization Houſes Houses
modernization Worſhip Worship
modernization poſsibly possibly
variation any thing anything
modernization ſhow show
variation in= cloſd en‐ closed
modernization Subſcribe Subscribe
modernization Teſtimontials testimontials
modernization Claſsis Classis
modernization Amſterdam Amsterdam
modernization Teſtimony Testimony
modernization Deſire Desire
modernization Cauſe Cause
modernization Selfde= "nying self-de nying
modernization Aſsiſtance assistance
variation Tendancy tendency
modernization Deſigns designs
modernization Dioſecſe diocese
variation tarrid tarried
modernization ſome some
modernization viſitd visited
modernization Linguiſt Linguist
modernization uſe use
variation Parſie Parsi
modernization Spaniſh Spanish
modernization Turkiſh Turkish
modernization Ruſsian Russian
modernization Engliſh English
modernization theſe these
variation Somwhat somewhat
modernization con= verſe con verse
modernization eſt est
modernization Inſtructing Instructing
modernization eſpe= cially espe cially
modernization ſuch such
modernization Reaſon Reason
modernization beſides besides
modernization eſpecially especially
variation acurate accurate
modernization Re= ſpect re spect
variation wont won't
modernization ſomewhat somewhat
modernization underſtand understand
modernization muſt must
modernization thoſe those
modernization Diſpoſal Disposal
modernization preſent present
modernization reſides resides
variation Occum Occom
modernization ſend send
variation every where everywhere
modernization Bleſsing blessing
modernization Mrs.
variation enquire inquire
variation till 'til
modernization Perſon person

Expanded abbreviations:

Abbreviation Expansion
Sep.r September
& and
inform'd informed
ult. ultimo
thro' through
S.r Sir
receiv'd received
reform'd reformed
Jn.o John
Sep.t September
abo.t about
Philad.a Philadelphia
chargd charged
honour'd honoured
open'd opened
Vol. Volume
employd employed
Chh Church
tho' though
Hon.d Honoured
t'other the other

This document's header does not contain any mixed case attribute values.

Summary of errors found in this document:

Number of dates with invalid 'when' attributes: 0
Number of nested "hi" tags: (consider merging the @rend attributes, or using other tags) 0
Number of tags with invalid 'rend' attributes: 0 (out of 44)
Number of people/places/organizations with unknown keys: 0 (out of 33)
Number of "add" tags with unknown 'place' attributes: 0 (out of 7)
Mixed case attribute values in header (potential error): 0 (out of 140)