Joseph Fish, letter, to Nathaniel Whitaker, 1766 July 30


[note (type: abstract): Fish writes to Whitaker about his mission to the Narragansetts, and about the visit he and his wife made to Mrs. Whitaker.][note (type: handwriting): Handwriting is formal and clear, yet it has been dimmed by preservation work. The trailer appears to be in Whitaker's hand.][note (type: paper): Large sheet folded in half to make four pages has been heavily reinforced, which makes it difficult to gauge the condition of the paper. It appears to be in poor condition, with heavy staining, creasing and wear that results in some loss of text.][note (type: ink): Brown ink is faded, and dimmed by the reinforcement.][note (type: noteworthy): An unknown editor has written the letter X in spots on the document. These edits have not been included in the transcription.][note (type: signature): Fish signs the document three times: once in full, twice with initials.]

EventsFundraising Tour of Great Britain

[Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [& | and]&and Dear   Sir, 
It was my [Unhappineſs | unhappiness]Unhappineſsunhappiness that I could not find a  [Lieſure | leisure]Lieſureleisure hour or two, for free [Converſation | conversation]Converſationconversation [gap: hole][guess (h-dawnd): [wh | with]whwith][wh | with]whwith you, before you Em ‐barked for England[place0068.ocp]. your Departure [& | and]&and important [Deſign | design]Deſigndesign, lay wi[gap: tear][guess (h-dawnd): th]th  Weight upon my Mind, as it has done ever Since. And it was m[gap: tear][guess (h-dawnd): y]y  fixed [purpoſe | purpose]purpoſepurpose to let you know my special Regard [& | and]&and Concern  for you [& | and]&and [Cauſe | cause]Cauſecause, by earlier writing: but have been so p[gap: worn_edge][guess (h-dawnd): er]er ‐petually crowded with [Buſineſs | business]Buſineſsbusiness, chiefly of a public nature;  that I cant say I have [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): had]had been at Liberty to write you,  when [Oppty | opportunity]Opptyopportunity [preſented | presented]preſentedpresented, [till | 'til]till'til now I snatch a few minutes  for that [purpoſe | purpose]purpoſepurpose.   The Situation of the [Indn | Indian]IndnIndian Charity School[org0098.ocp], Doings of [.y.e | the].y.ethe  Board[org0034.ocp], [Miſsions | missions]Miſsionsmissions [&c | etc.]&cetc.: I leave to the hands that are [employd | employed]employdemployed  in [thoſe | those]thoſethose public affairs; which, conclude, you will here‐ with, have full [Acc.t | account]Acc.taccount of.— Only [Obſerve | observe]Obſerveobserve, That the day of  the Dear [& | and]&and [excillent | excellent]excillentexcellent [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Kirtland[pers0315.ocp]s Ordination, [appeard | appeared]appeardappeared  to me very glorious, [promiſing | promising]promiſingpromising great [& | and]&and good events. — Can[gap: tear][guess (h-dawnd): t]t  but hope the [Iſsue | issue]Iſsueissue will be, The Advancement of the Re‐ deemers Kingdom. —   While Such important Steps are taken, to carry the  Gospel among the Savages, of far distant Tribes, it may,  perhaps afford you [& | and]&and Friends; some additional [Pleaſure | pleasure]Pleaſurepleasure,  to hear that Learning [& | and]&and Religion are hopefully, reviving, a‐ mong some of [y.e | the]y.ethe Indians near at hand   [Beſides | besides]Beſidesbesides the Indian School [& | and]&and Lectures, among [y.e | the]y.ethe [Indns | Indians]IndnsIndians[org0101.ocp]  of my own [Pariſh | parish]Pariſhparish, which I've had [ye | the]yethe Care of for Many years,  At the earnest Request of the [Honle | Honourable]HonleHonourable [Commiſrs | Commissioners]CommiſrsCommissioners Boston[org0095.ocp],  I have for nine months Past, been much [engagd | engaged]engagdengaged for [y.e | the]y.ethe  Indians of King [Ninnegrett | Ninigret]NinnegrettNinigret[pers0392.ocp]s Tribe, in Charlestown[place0031.ocp] Rhode‐  ‐Island[place0196.ocp]; where there are above Seventy Indian Families [& | and]&and  more than Three hundred Souls, pretty much in a Body  together.— [Authorizd | Authorized]AuthorizdAuthorized as above, I appointed them an  [Engliſh | English]EngliſhEnglish Schoolmaster[pers0161.ocp], of good Capacity [& | and]&and well [dispoſd | disposed]dispoſddisposed, for 
the [Buſineſs | business]Buſineſsbusiness, (to be Supported by the [Commiſ | Commissioners]Commiſs.rsCommissioners[org0095.ocp],)— Set them  up a [Commod.s | commodious]Commod.scommodious [Schoolhouſe | schoolhouse]Schoolhouſeschoolhouse, in which, ([tho' | though]tho'though [unfiniſhd | unfinished]unfiniſhdunfinished,)  the Master lives [& | and]&and the School is Steadily kept. He had, [laſt | last]laſtlast  winter, (in a private [houſe | house]houſehouse,) above [Fourſcore | fourscore]Fourſcorefourscore [Indn | Indian]IndnIndian [Schollars | scholars]Schollarsscholars  in a day, and about 120 that came to [y.ethe | ]y.ethe School, at times,  and their Proficiency at Reading [& | and]&and Writing was very [conſi ‐derable | consi‐ derable]conſi ‐derableconsi‐ derable. That [Laſt | last]Laſtlast being chiefly [calld | called]calldcalled off to [Buſineſs | business]Buſineſsbusiness, this  Summer, he has, of a [Smaler | smaller]Smalersmaller [Claſs | class]Claſsclass, about Thirty that  generally attend his School [& | and]&and [y.e | the]y.ethe number is [increaſing | increasing]increaſingincreasing.   I [Viſit | visit]Viſitvisit [& | and]&and Preach to them about once a month —  Have a [Conſiderable | considerable]Conſiderableconsiderable [Aſsembly | assembly]Aſsemblyassembly of Serious, Attentive In‐ dian Hearers, who [profeſs | profess]profeſsprofess Satisfaction, [beyound | beyond]beyoundbeyond my Thought.  For they have had Religion Among them [theſe | these]theſethese Twenty  years, [& | and]&and an [Indn | Indian]IndnIndian [Ordaind | ordained]Ordaindordained Minister[pers0391.ocp], for a number of years:  but they are all of the [Seperate | separate]Seperateseparate Stamp,— Very Ignorant:  scarce any of them able to read a word,— unhappily [leaven'd | leavened]leaven'dleavened with,  yea full of [Falſe | false]Falſefalse Religion, — tenacious of their ^[above] wild^wild Imaginations  [& | and]&and [Viſionary | visionary]Viſionaryvisionary things, (which they cannot bear to hear [touchd | touched]touchdtouched,  though they'll readily hear [y.e | the]y.ethe [Opoſite | opposite]Opoſiteopposite Truths,) And, [till | 'til]till'til now,  Set against, at [leaſt | least]leaſtleast, mortally afraid of [y.e | the]y.ethe Standing Ministers.—  So that I must think my self highly [Favourd | favoured]Favourdfavoured, by [y.e | the]y.ethe Respect  they [Shew | show]Shewshow to my [Perſon | person]Perſonperson [& | and]&and Regard for my Labours among [ym | them]ymthem.  Am in hopes they will, by little [& | and]&and little, come off from their  wild notions, and have a [reliſh | relish]reliſhrelish for nothing but Truth.   Oh that I may have no other View but their best good,  and the Redeemers Intrest. —   I have been much in Journeying, Since you left us.  [Laſt | Last]LaſtLast Week, returning, with my Wife[pers1809.ocp], from [Viſiting | visiting]Viſitingvisiting our [Childn | children]Childnchildren  New Haven[place0162.ocp], we Spent an hour at your [Houſe | house]Houſehouse, [Chelſea | Chelsea]ChelſeaChelsea[place0035.ocp]. And  had the [Pleaſure | pleasure]Pleaſurepleasure of Dining [& | and]&and [Converſing | conversing]Converſingconversing with your Dear  Wife[pers0583.ocp]: It afforded us real Satisfaction, to See [Mrs | Mrs.]MrsMrs. Whitaker[pers0583.ocp],  with her Little ones all about her, [illegible] not only in [⅌fect | perfect]⅌fectperfect  Health, but more especially, to find her [Chearfull | cheerful]Chearfullcheerful, Sociable  [& | and]&and entertaining, (as [uſual | usual]uſualusual,) — Evidence that She has happily 
overcome the late Severe Trials of parting with her [beſt | best]beſtbest Friend.  She Seems really to enjoy [her Self | herself]her Selfherself as well as your [Abſence | absence]Abſenceabsence can  admit, — your very [deſirable | desirable]deſirabledesirable Children appear with that  Decorum [y.t | that]y.tthat be[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): comes]comes a well [orderd | ordered]orderdordered Family. [Tis | It is]TisIt is rare to See So  fine, So lovely a Child, as that of yours, [wh | which]whwhich you never Saw.  [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Woodward[pers0610.ocp], ([till | 'til]till'til now unknown to me,) appears to be Sui‐ tably attentive to [y.e | the]y.ethe good of the Family. — I thought him  quite an [agreable | agreeable]agreableagreeable, Obliging young [Gentn | gentleman]Gentngentleman. — On [y.e | the]y.ethe Whole,  was well [pleaſd | pleased]pleaſdpleased with the [Oeconomy | economy]Oeconomyeconomy of your [Houſe | house]Houſehouse.—  May you, in due [Seaſon | season]Seaſonseason, return [Succeſsfull | successful]Succeſsfullsuccessful, and happ[gap: tear][guess (h-dawnd): ily]ily  find your Tabernacle in peace. —   My Time is Out— Have only to wish you much [gap: tear][guess (h-dawnd): of]of  the Divine [Preſence | presence]Preſencepresence, The [Smils | smiles]Smilssmiles of Heaven on your Im‐ portant undertaking,— The Hearts [& | and]&and Hands of all Brittain  Britain[place0090.ocp] for [newfull | new full]newfullnew full [Supplys | supplies]Supplyssupplies.— That you may, in all res‐ pects, conduct with [y.e | the]y.ethe utmost prudence [& | and]&and Fidelity, — Be  kept [unſpotted | unspotted]unſpottedunspotted from [y.e | the]y.ethe Vanities of [y.e | the]y.ethe World, And return  to us richly laden with the [Vertues | virtues]Vertuesvirtues, the Rarities of our  mother Country, And am, [Dr | Dear]DrDear Sir, [illegible]with high Esteem,   
your very Sincere Friend [& | and]&and unworthy Brother,  Joseph [Fiſh | Fish]FiſhFish[pers0015.ocp] 
P.S. My hearty Regards to the [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev.  [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Occum | Occom]OccumOccom[pers0030.ocp] — am really glad  to hear [y.t | that]y.tthat he Stands firm, — be‐ haves so well, [& | and]&and meets with so  much Respect. — The Lord keep  him from Pride, Self-Exaltation,  and the Vices of [y.e | the]y.ethe Place [& | and]&and Times.—  [yrs | Yours]yrsYours [& | and]&and his J. F.[pers0015.ocp] 
I know not of any Other Man, that I am acquainted with in [Londn | London]LondnLondon[place0128.ocp]  or Europe, except the [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Whitefield[pers0038.ocp]: Am very glad [& | and]&and [thank‐ full | thank‐ ful]thank‐ fullthank‐ ful that he takes proper Notice of you, [& | and]&and So much befriends the  [Cauſe | cause]Cauſecause. Let my k[gap: tear] Love [& | and]&and Service be acceptable to him. J. F.[pers0015.ocp] 
[Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. N[gap: tear][guess (h-dawnd): [athanl | athaniel]athanlathaniel [Whitakar | Whitaker]WhitakarWhitaker][athanl | athaniel]athanlathaniel [Whitakar | Whitaker]WhitakarWhitaker[pers0037.ocp] 
From [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [mr | Mr.]mrMr. [Joſeph | Joseph]JoſephJoseph  [Fiſh | Fish]FiſhFish[pers0015.ocp] Stonington[place0226.ocp]  July 30 1766[1766-07-30]   
Fish[pers0015.ocp]  To  The [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Nathaniel [Whitakar | Whitaker]WhitakarWhitaker[pers0037.ocp]  In  London[place0128.ocp]  To be left at the New England Coffee [Houſe | House]HouſeHouse[place0159.ocp]
Document Summary

People identified in this document:

id Text in document Role in header Authorized Name
pers0315.ocp M r Mr. Kirtland mentioned Kirkland, Samuel
pers0392.ocp King Ninnegrett Ninigret mentioned Ninigret, Thomas
pers0161.ocp Engliſh English Schoolmaster mentioned Deake, Edward
pers0391.ocp Ind n Indian Ordaind ordained Minister mentioned Niles, Samuel
pers1809.ocp my Wife mentioned Fish, Rebecca (née Pabodie)
pers0583.ocp Wife mentioned Whitaker, Sarah (née Smith)
pers0583.ocp M rs Mrs. Whitaker mentioned Whitaker, Sarah (née Smith)
pers0610.ocp M r Mr. Woodward mentioned Woodward, Bezaleel
pers0015.ocp Joseph Fiſh Fish writer Fish, Joseph
pers0030.ocp M r Mr. Occum Occom mentioned Occom, Samson
pers0015.ocp J. F. writer Fish, Joseph
pers0038.ocp M r Mr. Whitefield mentioned Whitefield, George
pers0015.ocp J. F. writer Fish, Joseph
pers0037.ocp N athan l athaniel Whitakar Whitaker recipient Whitaker, Nathaniel
pers0015.ocp Joſeph Joseph Fiſh Fish writer Fish, Joseph
pers0015.ocp Fish writer Fish, Joseph
pers0037.ocp Nathaniel Whitakar Whitaker recipient Whitaker, Nathaniel

Places identified in this document:

id Text in document Authorized Name
place0226.ocp Stonington Stonington
place0068.ocp England England
place0031.ocp Charlestown Charlestown
place0196.ocp Rhode‐ ‐Island Rhode Island
place0162.ocp New Haven New Haven
place0035.ocp Chelſea Chelsea Chelsea Landing
place0090.ocp Britain Great Britain
place0128.ocp Lond n London London
place0128.ocp London London
place0159.ocp New England Coffee Houſe House New England Coffee House

Organizations identified in this document:

id Text in document Authorized Name
org0098.ocp IndnIndian Charity School Moor’s Indian Charity School
org0034.ocp Board Connecticut Board of Correspondents of the Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge
org0101.ocp IndnsIndians Stonington Pequots
org0095.ocp HonleHonourable CommiſrsCommissioners Boston The Company for Propagation of the Gospel in New England and the parts adjacent in America
org0095.ocp the Commiſs.rsCommissioners The Company for Propagation of the Gospel in New England and the parts adjacent in America

Dates identified in this document:

Standard Form Text
1766-07-30 July 30. 1766
1766-07-30 July 30 1766

Regularized text:

Type Original Regularized
modernization Revd Rev.
modernization Unhappineſs unhappiness
variation Lieſure leisure
modernization Converſation conversation
modernization Deſign design
modernization purpoſe purpose
modernization Cauſe cause
modernization Buſineſs business
modernization preſented presented
variation till 'til
modernization .y.e the
modernization Miſsions missions
modernization &c etc.
variation employd employed
modernization thoſe those
modernization Obſerve observe
variation excillent excellent
modernization Mr Mr.
variation appeard appeared
modernization promiſing promising
modernization Iſsue issue
modernization Pleaſure pleasure
modernization y.e the
modernization Beſides besides
modernization Pariſh parish
modernization ye the
variation engagd engaged
variation Ninnegrett Ninigret
variation Authorizd Authorized
modernization Engliſh English
variation dispoſd disposed
modernization Schoolhouſe schoolhouse
variation unfiniſhd unfinished
modernization laſt last
modernization houſe house
modernization Fourſcore fourscore
variation Schollars scholars
modernization conſi ‐derable consi‐ derable
modernization Laſt last
variation calld called
variation Smaler smaller
modernization Claſs class
modernization increaſing increasing
modernization Viſit visit
modernization Conſiderable considerable
modernization Aſsembly assembly
modernization profeſs profess
variation beyound beyond
modernization theſe these
variation Ordaind ordained
variation Seperate separate
modernization Falſe false
modernization Viſionary visionary
variation touchd touched
variation Opoſite opposite
modernization leaſt least
variation Favourd favoured
modernization Perſon person
modernization ym them
modernization reliſh relish
modernization Laſt Last
modernization Viſiting visiting
modernization Houſe house
modernization Chelſea Chelsea
modernization Converſing conversing
modernization Mrs Mrs.
variation Chearfull cheerful
modernization uſual usual
modernization beſt best
variation her Self herself
modernization Abſence absence
modernization deſirable desirable
modernization y.t that
variation orderd ordered
variation agreable agreeable
variation pleaſd pleased
variation Oeconomy economy
modernization Seaſon season
variation Succeſsfull successful
modernization Preſence presence
variation Smils smiles
variation Supplys supplies
modernization unſpotted unspotted
variation Vertues virtues
modernization Fiſh Fish
variation Occum Occom
variation thank‐ full thank‐ ful
variation Whitakar Whitaker
modernization mr Mr.
modernization Joſeph Joseph
modernization Houſe House

Expanded abbreviations:

Abbreviation Expansion
& and
wh with
Oppty opportunity
Indn Indian
Acc.t account
Indns Indians
Honle Honourable
Commiſrs Commissioners
Commiſ Commissioners
Commod.s commodious
tho' though
leaven'd leavened
Childn children
⅌fect perfect
Tis It is
wh which
Gentn gentleman
Dr Dear
yrs Yours
Londn London
athanl athaniel

This document's header does not contain any mixed case attribute values.

Summary of errors found in this document:

Number of dates with invalid 'when' attributes: 0
Number of nested "hi" tags: (consider merging the @rend attributes, or using other tags) 0
Number of tags with invalid 'rend' attributes: 0 (out of 89)
Number of people/places/organizations with unknown keys: 0 (out of 33)
Number of "add" tags with unknown 'place' attributes: 0 (out of 1)
Mixed case attribute values in header (potential error): 0 (out of 142)