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Theophilus Chamberlain, letter, to Eleazar Wheelock, 1766 April 26

ms-number: 766276

[note (type: abstract): Chamberlin writes of his religious epiphany.][note (type: handwriting): Handwriting is relatively clear, yet letter case (especially with regard to S and D) is often difficult to decipher. There are also many deletions and additions.][note (type: paper): Large sheet folded in half to make four pages is in good-to-fair condition, with moderate creasing, staining and wear.][note (type: ink): Brown-black.][note (type: signature): Signature is abbreviated.][note (type: noteworthy): The book that Chamberlain mentions on one recto is: Theron and Aspasio: or, A Series of Dialogues and Letters upon the Most Important and Interesting Subjects, in three volumes by James Hervey, London, 1755.]
[Opener]
[Rvd | Rev.]Rvd Rev. [& | and]&and Dear
 Sir
I take this Method to lay before
you [wt | what]wtwhat I was [latly | lately]latlylately mentioning of my Ex
periences since I left you [laſt | last]laſtlast fall. I shall
[uſe | use]uſeuse all [poſible | possible]poſiblepossible Brevity, and [ye | the]yethe [utmoſt | utmost]utmoſtutmost
[openeſs | openess]openeſsopeness, in [expreſsing | expressing]expreſsingexpressing [ye | the]yethe Real Sentiments
of my mind, in [ye | the]yethe Time of [theſe | these]theſethese Experiences.
about two years ago I had an [oppertunity | opportunity]oppertunityopportunity
to read [illegible], [above] [ye | the]yethe Letters on Theron [& | and]&and [Aſpaſio | Aspasio]AſpaſioAspasio[ye | the]yethe Letters on Theron [& | and]&and [Aſpaſio | Aspasio]AſpaſioAspasio [wc | which]wcwhich [servd | served]servdserved me no other [Purpoſe | purpose]Purpoſepurpose
[yn | than]ynthan to give me an [invetrate | inveterate]invetrateinveterate Prejudice [againſt | against]againſtagainst
[againſt | against]againſtagainst [ye | the]yethe Author of [ym | them]ymthem. when I was down [laſt | last]laſtlast fall
I began to read him again with [ye | the]yethe [diſadvantage | disadvantage]diſadvantagedisadvantage
of [ye | the]yethe Same Prejud[illegible]ice I had before imbibed. I had
Time to read but a [Smal | small]Smalsmall part of his [firſt | first]firſtfirst Volume
before I began my Journey in [Proſecution | prosecution]Proſecutionprosecution of my [miſion | mission]miſionmission
[illegible] among [ye | the]yethe Natives, to [ye | the]yethe [Weſtward | westward]Weſtwardwestward.
however I had read So far as to Set me a thinking
on his [difinition | definition]difinitiondefinition of Faith. before I reached Albany[place0001.ocp] it
once, and [yt | that]ytthat for [ye | the]yethe [firſt | first]firſtfirst Time, came into my mind [yt | that]ytthat
[ye | the]yethe faith [yr | ]yr [Diſcribed | described]Diſcribeddescribed, might be [ye | the]yethe faith of Gods Elect.
I See [yt | that]ytthat in [Caſe | case]Caſecase it was so, a Train of [Conſequences | consequences]Conſequencesconsequences [wld | would]wldwould
[folow | follow]folowfollow [wh | which]whwhich were [Extreamly | extremely]Extreamlyextremely [Diſagreable | disagreeable]Diſagreabledisagreeable to me, yet in
some [meaſure | measure]meaſuremeasure [aprihend[above] inging | apprehending]aprihend[above] ingingapprehending [ye | the]yethe Importance of my Knowing
the Truth, with regard to [ye | the]yethe Nature of faith, I determined
[illegible] as Soon as my [Buiſeneſs | businesses]Buiſeneſsbusinesses would permit to Examine
the Scripture [thorowly | thoroughly]thorowlythoroughly on [yt | that]ytthat head. [wn | when]wnwhen I got as far
as [Kanajoharry | Canajoharie]KanajoharryCanajoharie[place0026.ocp] I was obliged to [waite | wait]waitewait about three Weeks for
a Road and Company to [Onoida | Oneida]OnoidaOneida[place0179.ocp]. [Moſt | Most]MoſtMost of [ye | the]yethe [Leaſure | leisure]Leaſureleisure I
had here, I Spent in Reading the Scripture with an
Intent to find out [wt | what]wtwhat [above] [ye | the]yethe[ye | the]yethe faith [somuch | so much]somuchso much [Inſiſted | insisted]Inſiſtedinsisted on In [Script
ture | Scrip
ture]
Script
ture
Scrip
ture
and by Divines, truly contains. [Wn | When]WnWhen I come to
read [ye | the]yethe [Goſple | Gospel]GoſpleGospel of John, and other Parts of [ye | the]yethe New [Teſtament | Testament]TeſtamentTestament,
and to look Back to [ye | the]yethe faith of [ye | the]yethe [Antiensts | ancients]Antienstsancients [Quoated | quoted]Quoatedquoted from
[ye | the]yethe Old [Teſtament | Testament]TeſtamentTestament, I became fully [convincd | convinced]convincdconvinced [yt | that]ytthat the Word
Believe, so frequently [uſd | used]uſdused in Scripture, is [yr | ]yr [uſd | used]uſdused in its
[moſt | most]moſtmost plain and [commone | common]commonecommon [Senſe | sense]Senſesense; and [yt | that]ytthat [illegible] [above] [ye | the]yethe[ye | the]yethe faith
[uſed | used]uſedused as a Synonimy with Believe; and So frequently
connected with eternal[illegible] Life, is a Plain, every-day-Belief,
of [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): [ye | the]yethe][ye | the]yethe Truths Record in [ye | the]yethe Word of God. Having Got thus
far, I began to be greatly [Exerciſed | exercised]Exerciſedexercised about [wt | what]wtwhat, would be
my [finale | final]finalefinal Exit, and eternal State in [ye | the]yethe World of Spirits.
My whole Query was, how [Sll | shall]Sllshall I find [ye | the]yethe Truths [wh | which]whwhich give
Life, to every one who believes [ym | them]ymthem. My [firſt | first]firſtfirst thought
was [yt | that]ytthat [ye | the]yethe [neceſary | necessary]neceſarynecessary Truths [muſt | must]muſtmust undoubtedly be revealed in
[ye | the]yethe Word of [G. | God]G.God in plain and [intelegible | intelligible]intelegibleintelligible Terms; but [yn | then]ynthen it
[turnd | turned]turndturned in my mind [yt | that]ytthat [ye | the]yethe Bible [itſelf | itself]itſelfitself might be a fiction
I then Examined [ye | the]yethe Evidences [wh | which]whwhich had often Supported
me in belief of divine Revelation, and found [ym | them]ymthem [Suf
ficent | suf
ficient]
Suf
ficent
suf
ficient
to Support me Still in believing, [yt | that]ytthat [ye | the]yethe Bible is
in truth and reality [ye | the]yethe Word of God. I now read the
[Goſple | Gospel]GoſpleGospel of Luke; [illegible] I read it with Attention
and [Eagerneſs | eagerness]Eagerneſseagerness, hoping to [lite | light]litelight on Some Truth [wh | which]whwhich [wld | would]wldwould
Set me free, from [yt | that]ytthat Concern [illegible] [& | and]&and Anxiety [reſpecting | respecting]reſpectingrespecting
my future [Exiſtance | existence]Exiſtanceexistence [wh | which]whwhich was Such an [Exerciſe | exercise]Exerciſeexercise to
my mind. I attended to [ye | the]yethe coming of [ye | the]yethe son of God into
[ye | the]yethe World, his conduct in [ye | the]yethe World, [ye | the]yethe doctrines he [preachd | preached]preachdpreached
, [ye | the]yethe [oppoſion | opposition]oppoſionopposition of [ye | the]yethe World to him on account of his con­
duct, and Doctrines, and his [finaly | finally]finalyfinally Suffering even un
to Death. my next concern was to determine certainly
and [preciſly | precisely]preciſlyprecisely, [wt | what]wtwhat it was he [Sufferd | suffered]Sufferdsuffered for. I read [ye | the]yethe Book
of Isaiah; the Law given at Mount Sinai; took [per
ticuliar | par
ticular]
per
ticuliar
par
ticular
Notice of [ye | the]yethe [Curſes | curses]Curſescurses pronounced [againſt | against]againſtagainst every
offence, and [turnd | turned]turndturned [yn | then]ynthen to every [Paſage | passage]Paſagepassage I could find
in [ye | the]yethe New Testament [wh | which]whwhich gave any account of [wt | what]wtwhat
[Chriſt | Christ]ChriſtChrist died for. at length, I came to this [concluſion | conclusion]concluſionconclusion
[yt | that]ytthat [Chriſt | Christ]ChriſtChrist [Sufferd | suffered]Sufferdsuffered [ye | the]yethe whole length and Breadth of [yt | that]ytthat
Suffering [wh | which]whwhich [ye | the]yethe Law [threatend | threatened]threatendthreatened, for every offence
[yt | that]ytthat will [finaly | finally]finalyfinally be forgiven. This [concluſion | conclusion]concluſionconclusion im­
mediately [preſented | presented]preſentedpresented to my view a Character of God
[wh | which]whwhich was at once amiable and [awfull | awful]awfullawful. amiable in
[ys | this]ysthis, [yt | that]ytthat he is so [infinitly | infinitely]infinitlyinfinitely kind [& | and]&and [compaſionate | compassionate]compaſionatecompassionate [above] to his creaturesto his creatures, [yt | that]ytthat he
entertains thoughts of Pardon and [happineſs | happiness]happineſshappiness for [ym | them]ymthem
[illegible] [wn | when]wnwhen [deſerving | deserving]deſervingdeserving to [ye | the]yethe [laſt | last]laſtlast degree the tokens of his
eternal Anger and Indignation; and never [puniſhes | punishes]puniſhespunishes
[ym | them]ymthem for want of Benevolence. and [awfull | awful]awfullawful in [yt | that]ytthat
he never will forgive an Offence [againſt | against]againſtagainst his own
Law [till | 'til]till'til [ye | the]yethe [Sentance | sentence]Sentancesentence of [ye | the]yethe Law [againſt | against]againſtagainst [yt | that]ytthat offence
is [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): forgiven]forgiven inflicted to [ye | the]yethe full; and [yt | that]ytthat though his own
son is accountable for offences, he [muſt | must]muſtmust for every offence [bare | bear]barebear
[right] the full [puniſhment | punishment]puniſhmentpunishmentthe full [puniſhment | punishment]puniſhmentpunishment
I [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): was]was now saw [yt | that]ytthat [ye | the]yethe Law of God has in every [senſe | sense]senſesense
its own [meaſures | measures]meaſuresmeasures and never a Single [illegible] Creature
more is made [miſerable | miserable]miſerablemiserable, [yn | than]ynthan [wt | what]wtwhat [ye | the]yethe Law [abſoloutly | absolutely]abſoloutlyabsolutely
Required in order [yt | that]ytthat God [ye | the]yethe giver of it might remain
[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): a god]a god a God of truth, and [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): So Support his moral [gvt | government]gvtgovernment]So Support his moral [gvt | government]gvtgovernment
So Support his moral government in [ye | the]yethe [univerſe | universe]univerſeuniverse.
I got now [effectualy | effectually]effectualyeffectually [convincd | convinced]convincdconvinced [yt | that]ytthat nothing could be
more [abſurd | absurd]abſurdabsurd [yn | than]ynthan for me to [uſe | use]uſeuse [ye | the]yethe [leaſt | least]leaſtleast [indeavour | endeavour]indeavourendeavour[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): s]s
to bring [myſelf | myself]myſelfmyself to procure the favour of god, or to
gain Acceptance to Salvation. I now [realy | really]realyreally [believd | believed]believdbelieved
or I knew [yt | that]ytthat if God should [puniſh | punish]puniſhpunish me with eternal
[miſery | misery]miſerymisery for every offence, to his Law, I ever had [com
mited | com
mitted]
com
mited
com
mitted
, And [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): In]In [illegible] [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): [Criſis | crisis]Criſiscrisis,][Criſis | crisis]Criſiscrisis, nothing kept me from [illegible]
[illegible] it would [proceede | proceed]proceedeproceed
from no other [Diſpoſion | disposition]Diſpoſiondisposition [above] contrary to thatcontrary to that [illegible] he commands in [ye | the]yethe
Law, viz, thou shalt Love they Neighbour as [thy
self | thy
self]
thy
self
thy
self
. In this [Criſis | crisis]Criſiscrisis, I found no other [Reaſon | reason]Reaſonreason to hope
for Salvation, [yn | than]ynthan [barly | barely]barlybarely this [yt | that]ytthat God [diſignd | designed]diſignddesigned to save
some Creatures of my own Character. nor did this
foundation, appear [smal | small]smalsmall or [inconſiderable | inconsiderable]inconſiderableinconsiderable, for
I knew, [yt | that]ytthat nothing but gods [sovereignt | sovereignty]sovereigntsovereignty had laid
this foundation, and [yt | that]ytthat [above] [nither | neither]nitherneither[nither | neither]nitherneither I nor any of my Character
had [ye | the]yethe [leaſt | least]leaſtleast [Deſert | desert]Deſertdesert in us of even this foundation
of hope. Here I hoped, and Still hope with trem­
bling, and it is my glory and Joy [yt | that]ytthat a door of hope
is here Let open to me [wh | which]whwhich no man can shut.
[ſir | sir]ſirsir I have So little claim to your attention
[yt | that]ytthat I have [crouded | crowded]croudedcrowded [theſe | these]theſethese things, [illegible]So much [togeather | together]togeathertogether
, [yt | that]ytthat some [confuſion | confusion]confuſionconfusion is created. If you read it and
can [underſtand | understand]underſtandunderstand my meaning my End is [anſwerd | answered]anſwerdanswered.
[Closer]
Yours
[Theop | Theophilus]TheopTheophilus Chamberlain[pers0009.ocp]

To [Rd | Rev.]RdRev. [E | Eleazar]EEleazar Wheelock[pers0036.ocp]
[Trailer]
[M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. Chamberlain[pers0009.ocp]s Experienc[illegible]
April [26.th | 26th]26.th26th — 1766[1766-04-26].
For
[Rvd | Rev.]Rvd Rev. [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Wheelock[pers0036.ocp]

Lebanon

Lebanon is a town located in the state of Connecticut southwest of the town of Hartford. The land that became Lebanon was inhabited at least 10,000 years ago based on the archeological record. By the 1600s, the land was permanently inhabited by the Mohegan Indians, who used the area primarily for hunting. Lebanon was officially formed in 1700 when English settlers consolidated a number of land tracts, including several land grants by the Connecticut General Assembly and lands purchased from the Mohegans. However, these purchases were controversial. In 1659, the Mohegans entrusted their reserve land to Major John Mason, and in the following year, Mason transferred this land to the Connecticut colonial government with the understanding that there would be enough land left for the Mohegans to farm. The Mohegans claimed that they never authorized a transfer to the colonial government and only Mason’s heirs were entrusted with their land. In 1662, Connecticut, which included the Mohegan land that had been entrusted to the Masons, was incorporated by a royal charter. Based on this charter, the colony argued that the land was now the property of the government. In 1687, the colony began granting the Mohegan land to townships, and in 1704 the Masons petitioned the Crown on behalf of the Mohegans, claiming that such transfers of land to townships were illegal. Between the years of 1705 and 1773 legal disputes and controversies persisted, finally ending in a verdict by the Crown against the Mohegans. In 1755, Wheelock received property and housing in Lebanon that he would use as his house and school. While Lebanon was originally incorporated as a part of New London County in 1700, in 1724 it became a part of New Windham, before once again becoming a part of New London County in 1826. Lebanon was central to the American Revolution with half of its adult population fighting for the colonists and hundreds of meetings convened in the town for the revolutionary cause.

Albany

Albany is a city located in eastern New York. When Netherlander Henry Hudson arrived in what would become Albany in 1609, the Mohican Indians lived in several villages in the area. The Mohicans gave Hudson’s crew furs, and the Dutch East India Company sent representatives to trade with the Native peoples. The Dutch established the village of Beverwyck within the territory of the New Netherlands. Beverwyck hosted a diverse population of Germans, French, Swedes, English, Irish, Scots, Dutch, and Africans. After the fall of New Netherlands to Britain in 1664, Beverwyck was renamed Albany in honor of the colony’s proprietor James, Duke of York and Albany. In 1686, Albany was granted a charter that incorporated the city and provided it the sole right to negotiate trade with Native Americans. During the French and Indian War, Albany was designated as the British military headquarters in the Americas. During the Revolutionary War, most Albany residents supported the revolution because of their opposition to British trade restrictions.

Oneida

Oneida is a city in Madison County located at the geographical center of New York state. Before European settlement of the area, the Oneida Tribe, one of the Six Nations of the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) Confederacy, inhabited a large territory adjacent to nearby Oneida Lake. Around 1533, they built their first village on the south shore of the lake, at or near the mouth of Oneida Creek. At the end of the 17th century, this area began suffering raids by parties from the French colony of Quebec, in a battle to control the fur trade. In 1696, Oneida village was burned by the French. As a result, the Oneidas moved their chief village east of the original site, called Old Oneida, to a new site called Kanawalohale, also known as Oneida Castle, which was fortified by tall palisades and a moat. This is the site of the present-day village of Oneida Castle, a small hamlet west of the city of Oneida in the northwest corner of the town of Vernon. When used in Occom Circle documents, the place name "Oneida" usually refers to the territory inhabited by the Tribe east of Oneida Lake, but can also refer specifically to Oneida Castle. Although the Oneidas sided with the patriots during the Revolutionary War, much of their territory was sold or appropriated by the state of New York. In 1790, the first European settlers moved into the area of Old Oneida village, and the district began to expand. In the 1830s, the state built a feeder from Oneida Creek through the present city site to provide water for the new canal system, which enabled canal boats to ship freight into the town. Eventually, the railroad came through the town and helped with its expansion. This led to the incorporation of the Village of Oneida in 1848 and the establishment of the Town of Oneida in 1896. The town was chartered as the City of Oneida in 1901, and with two more railroad lines transecting the area, it became a thriving manufacturing center for the first half of the 20th century.

Canajoharie

The historical Mohawk village of Canajoharie was located about 50 miles northwest of Albany, New York, in the central part of the state. Today, both a town and village in the same vicinity of the Mohawk village of Canajoharie have taken the Mohawk name, but the location of the present-day village is slightly east of the historical village. Because the village’s name was similar to the Oneida village of Kanawalohale, where David Fowler established a school in 1765, many sources conflate the two villages. Canajoharie, which in English means a washed kettle, was also known by the names Indian Castle and Upper Castle, which refers to the late 17th-century Mohawk fortifications that were built around the town following a series of French attacks during King William’s War. The term Upper Castle served to differentiate Canajoharie from Lower Mohawk Castle located in the Mohawk village of Tionondoroge near Fort Hunter. Canajoharie contained the Indian Castle church, which still stands today and was built in 1769 by the British Superintendent of Indian Affairs, Sir William Johnson, with help from the Mohawk siblings Molly and Joseph Brant, who donated land to the cause. Throughout the span of the 18th century, war, disease, and emigration severely reduced the Mohawk population in Canajoharie, and an influx of both white and non-Mohawk Native Americans resulted in a diverse and ethnically mixed culture. Wheelock's missionary work in this village in the 1760s was headed by Theophilus Chamberlain, while Abraham major, Abraham minor, and Peter (Mohawk) maintained missionary schools near Canajoharie.

Chamberlain, Theophilus

Theophilus Chamberlain was a Yale graduate and missionary employed by Wheelock. His interest in Indian ministry may have started during the French and Indian War, when he was taken captive by a tribe allied with the French (it is unclear which tribe) at Fort William Henry and spent a year in Nova Scotia. After his return to New England, Chamberlain attended Yale. Wheelock recruited Chamberlain, along with fellow Yale graduate Titus Smith, to spearhead Moor's 1765 mission to the Six Nations. Chamberlain was examined as a missionary on March 12, 1765, and ordained on April 24, 1765. During the mission, he was stationed at Canajoharie (the Mohawk "Upper Castle") and oversaw the mission to the Mohawks. While on his mission, he converted to Sandemanianism, a decision that profoundly shaped the rest of his life. It is difficult to evaluate his efficacy as a missionary: he had high praise for himself, and David Fowler said the Mohawks were affectionate towards him, but Occom described him as overzealous. Chamberlain served the duration of his contract, but clashed with Wheelock afterwards over who was responsible for debts he had incurred on his mission (e.g. transportation costs, support for schoolmasters and interpreters). After departing from Wheelock's service, Chamberlain was ordained as a Sandemanian bishop. He fled to New York and later Nova Scotia during the American Revolution because of his religious and political beliefs. In Nova Scotia, Chamberlain oversaw the establishment of the settlement of Preston.

Wheelock, Eleazar

Eleazar Wheelock was a New Light Congregationalist minister who founded Dartmouth College. He was born into a very typical Congregationalist family, and began studying at Yale in 1729, where he fell in with the emerging New Light clique. The evangelical network that he built in college propelled him to fame as an itinerant minister during the First Great Awakening and gave him many of the contacts that he later drew on to support his charity school for Native Americans. Wheelock’s time as an itinerant minister indirectly brought about his charity school. When the Colony of Connecticut retroactively punished itinerant preaching in 1743, Wheelock was among those who lost his salary. Thus, in 1743, he began operating a grammar school to support himself. He was joined that December by Samson Occom, a Mohegan Indian, who sought out an education in hopes of becoming a teacher among his people. Occom’s academic success inspired Wheelock to train Native Americans as missionaries. To that end, he opened Moor’s Indian Charity School in 1754 (where he continued to train Anglo-American students who paid their own way as well as students who functionally indentured themselves to Wheelock as missionaries in exchange for an education). Between 1754 and 1769, when he relocated to New Hampshire, Wheelock trained approximately 60 male and female Native American students from nearby Algonquian tribes and from the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) of central New York. At the same time, he navigated the complicated politics of missionary societies by setting up his own board of the Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge, although he continued to feud with the Boston Board of the SSPCK and the London Commissioners in Boston (more colloquially called the New England Company). By the late 1760s, Wheelock had become disillusioned with the idea of Native American education. He was increasingly convinced that educating Native Americans was futile (several of his students had failed to conform to his confusing and contradictory standards), and, in late 1768, he lost his connection to the Haudenosaunee. With his inclination and ability to sponsor Native American missionaries largely depleted, Wheelock sought instead to fulfill his ultimate ambition of obtaining a charter and opening a college, which he did in 1769. To fund this new enterprise, Wheelock drew on the £12,000 that Samson Occom had raised for Moor’s Indian Charity School during a two-and-a-half year tour of Great Britain (1765 to 1768). Much of this money went towards clearing land and erecting buildings in New Hampshire for the Charity School’s relocation — infrastructure that also happened to benefit Dartmouth. Many of Wheelock’s contemporaries were outraged by what they saw as misuse of the money, as it was clear that Dartmouth College was not intended for Indians and that Moor’s had become a side project. Although Wheelock tried to maintain at least some commitment to Native American education by recruiting students from Canadian communities, the move did a great deal of damage to his public image. The last decade of Wheelock’s life was not easy. In addition to the problems of trying to set up a college far away from any Anglo-American urban center, Wheelock experienced the loss of relationships with two of his most famous and successful students, Samson Occom and Samuel Kirkland (an Anglo-American protégé). He also went into debt for Dartmouth College, especially after the fund raised in Britain was exhausted.

Document Summary

People identified in this document:

id Text in document Role in header Authorized Name
pers0009.ocp Theo p Theophilus Chamberlain writer Chamberlain, Theophilus
pers0036.ocp E Eleazar Wheelock recipient Wheelock, Eleazar
pers0009.ocp M. r Mr. Chamberlain writer Chamberlain, Theophilus
pers0036.ocp M r Mr. Wheelock recipient Wheelock, Eleazar

Places identified in this document:

id Text in document Authorized Name
place0122.ocp Lebanon Lebanon
place0001.ocp Albany Albany
place0026.ocp Kanajoharry Canajoharie Canajoharie
place0179.ocp Onoida Oneida Oneida

This document does not contain any tagged organizations.

Dates identified in this document:

Standard Form Text
1766-04-26 April 26— 1766
1766-04-26 April 26.th26th — 1766

Regularized text:

Type Original Regularized
modernization Rvd Rev.
variation latly lately
modernization laſt last
modernization uſe use
variation poſible possible
modernization ye the
modernization utmoſt utmost
modernization openeſs openess
modernization expreſsing expressing
modernization theſe these
variation oppertunity opportunity
modernization Aſpaſio Aspasio
variation servd served
modernization Purpoſe purpose
modernization yn than
variation invetrate inveterate
modernization againſt against
modernization ym them
modernization diſadvantage disadvantage
variation Smal small
modernization firſt first
modernization Proſecution prosecution
modernization miſion mission
modernization Weſtward westward
variation difinition definition
modernization yt that
modernization Diſcribed described
modernization Caſe case
modernization Conſequences consequences
variation folow follow
variation Extreamly extremely
modernization Diſagreable disagreeable
modernization meaſure measure
variation aprihend[above] inging apprehending
modernization Buiſeneſs businesses
variation thorowly thoroughly
variation Kanajoharry Canajoharie
variation waite wait
variation Onoida Oneida
modernization Moſt Most
modernization Leaſure leisure
modernization Inſiſted insisted
variation Script
ture
Scrip
ture
modernization Goſple Gospel
modernization Teſtament Testament
variation Antiensts ancients
variation Quoated quoted
variation convincd convinced
modernization uſd used
modernization moſt most
variation commone common
modernization Senſe sense
modernization uſed used
modernization Exerciſed exercised
variation finale final
modernization neceſary necessary
modernization muſt must
variation intelegible intelligible
modernization yn then
variation turnd turned
modernization itſelf itself
variation Suf
ficent
suf
ficient
modernization Eagerneſs eagerness
variation lite light
modernization reſpecting respecting
variation Exiſtance existence
modernization Exerciſe exercise
modernization oppoſion opposition
variation finaly finally
modernization preciſly precisely
variation Sufferd suffered
variation per
ticuliar
par
ticular
modernization Curſes curses
modernization Paſage passage
modernization Chriſt Christ
modernization concluſion conclusion
variation threatend threatened
modernization preſented presented
variation awfull awful
modernization ys this
variation infinitly infinitely
modernization compaſionate compassionate
modernization happineſs happiness
modernization deſerving deserving
modernization puniſhes punishes
variation till 'til
variation Sentance sentence
variation bare bear
modernization puniſhment punishment
modernization senſe sense
modernization meaſures measures
modernization miſerable miserable
modernization abſoloutly absolutely
modernization univerſe universe
variation effectualy effectually
modernization abſurd absurd
modernization leaſt least
variation indeavour endeavour
modernization myſelf myself
variation realy really
variation believd believed
modernization puniſh punish
modernization miſery misery
variation com
mited
com
mitted
modernization Criſis crisis
variation proceede proceed
modernization Diſpoſion disposition
variation thy
self
thy
self
modernization Reaſon reason
variation barly barely
modernization diſignd designed
variation smal small
modernization inconſiderable inconsiderable
variation nither neither
modernization Deſert desert
modernization ſir sir
variation crouded crowded
variation togeather together
modernization confuſion confusion
modernization underſtand understand
modernization anſwerd answered
modernization Rd Rev.
modernization M.r Mr.
modernization 26.th 26th
modernization Rvd Rev.
modernization Mr Mr.

Expanded abbreviations:

Abbreviation Expansion
& and
wt what
wc which
wld would
wh which
wn when
Wn When
Sll shall
G. God
preachd preached
gvt government
Theop Theophilus
E Eleazar

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Number of tags with invalid 'rend' attributes: 0 (out of 133)
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HomeTheophilus Chamberlain, letter, to Eleazar Wheelock, 1766 April 26
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