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Nathaniel Whitaker, letter, to Eleazar Wheelock, 1765 December 18

ms-number: 765668

[note (type: abstract): Whitaker details the reasons for Occom's and his delay in sailing, and notes that Andrew Oliver was compelled to give up his position as Stamp Master.][note (type: handwriting): Whitaker's hand is formal and clear. It is occasionally difficult to differentiate between the letters “e” and “i” — in these instances the transcriber has used the correct spelling.][note (type: paper): Large single sheet is in good-to-fair condition, with light-to-moderate staining, creasing and wear. There is some light repair work on a particularly heavy crease.][note (type: ink): Black-brown.][note (type: signature): The signature is abbreviated.]

events: Fundraising Tour of Great Britain


My [Revd | Rev.]Revd Rev. [& | and]&and Dear Brother
You will [doubtleſs | doubtless]doubtleſsdoubtless wonder at the Date
of this Letter when you find I am Still in [Boſton | Boston]BoſtonBoston [place0013.ocp]
But he that rules all things hath So ordered it. I have
been [aſſured | assured]aſſuredassured by [Cap.t | Capt.]Cap.t Capt. [pers0356.ocp] [& | and]&and owner[pers0243.ocp] too that next week,
[& | and]&and next week the Ship Should Sail but one thing [& | and]&and
nother has prevented, [& | and]&and chiefly, I believe, [becauſe | because]becauſebecause the
[Cuſtom | custom]Cuſtomcustom [houſe | house]houſehouse was not open for clearances, [wch | which]wch which [yeſterday | yesterday]yeſterdayyesterday
was opened, but not on Stamps
We have had a [pleaſant | pleasant]pleaſantpleasant [& | and]&and odd farce here [yeſterday | yesterday]yeſterdayyesterday
Night before [laſt | last]laſtlast, notes were Set up about town requiring
[mr | Mr.]mr Mr. Oliver[pers0031.ocp] to appear at [ye | the]ye the tree of Liberty in order [publick­
ly | public
to renounce his [Commiſſion | commission]Commiſſioncommission of Stamp [Maſter | Master]MaſterMaster, which he
had [recd | received]recd received [illegible] Since the former mob; on this the Secretary
Sent to the [majeſtrates | magistrates]majeſtratesmagistrates [& | and]&and principle merchants to [waite | wait]waitewait on
him [& | and]&and protect him from [inſult | insult]inſultinsult; accordingly they went
[yeſterday | yesterday]yeſterdayyesterday in the rain to a certain [houſe | house]houſehouse, where [Governer | Governor]GovernerGovernor
[Mackentaſh | MacIntosh]MackentaſhMacIntosh [pers0811.ocp]
appointed, [& | and]&and there [mr | Mr.]mr Mr. Oliver[pers0031.ocp] renounced
his [commiſſn | commission]commiſſn commission before the [Majeſtrates | magistrates]Majeſtratesmagistrates [& | and]&and [Merchts. | merchants]Merchts. merchants to their
[Satiſfaction | satisfaction]Satiſfactionsatisfaction, judging that his honour was Sufficient to
[Satiſfy | satisfy]Satiſfysatisfy the world that he would not act — where on the writ­
ing in which he renounced his [commiſſion | commission]commiſſioncommission was Sent into
another room to be approved by [Gov.r | Gov.]Gov.r Gov. [Mackentaſh | MacIntosh]MackentaſhMacIntosh [pers0811.ocp]; [& | and]&and he Saw
fit to declare it would not do [unleſs | unless]unleſsunless he would walk to the
tree of liberty [& | and]&and [Sware | swear]Swareswear to it under [S.d | said]S.d said tree before the people.
[& | and]&and his Sovereign Mandates was immediate [illegible] obeyed, [& | and]&and the Se­
cretary, [Majeſtrates | magistrates]Majeſtratesmagistrates [& | and]&and [Merch.ts | merchants]Merch.ts merchants walked in the Storm of
rain near half a mile [illegible] in S [obediance | obedience]obedianceobedience to his Excellency's
[Com.d | command]Com.d command — So things Seem to be quiet — [Cap.t | Capt.]Cap.t Capt. Scot[pers0821.ocp] came
in [above] 7 weeks7 weeks from London[place0128.ocp] [laſt | last]laſtlast [Sab: | sabbath]Sab:sabbath brings no letters from [mr | Mr.]mr Mr. Smith[pers0497.ocp]
who wrote [& | and]&and sent by [Cap.t | Capt.]Cap.t Capt. Bruce[pers0803.ocp] a few days before. He
tells me that it Seems to be the general talk of [genlle­
men | gentle
at home, that it will never do to put the Stamp act
[left] From [M.r | Mr.]M.r Mr. Whitaker[pers0037.ocp] [Dec.r | December]Dec.r December 18. 1765[1765-12-18]
[Boſton | Boston]BoſtonBoston [place0013.ocp].
From [M.r | Mr.]M.r Mr. Whitaker[pers0037.ocp] [Dec.r | December]Dec.r December 18. 1765[1765-12-18]
[Boſton | Boston]BoſtonBoston [place0013.ocp].
into execution — If the weather favours we Shall Sail to
morrow or Saturday — One [mr | Mr.]mr Mr. [above] JohnJohn Williams[pers0827.ocp] of this town goes
[withs | with]withswith us. [illegible] He is going home to Seek the Superintendency of In­
dian affairs in [illegible] [Canady | Canada]CanadyCanada [place0303.ocp], [& | and]&and tis likely he will obtain it; [& | and]&and if he
does he Says he will give 5 or 600 per. [An: | annum]An:annum yto your [deſign | design]deſigndesign
He is a lover of good things [& | and]&and a generous gentleman, I [wiſh | wish]wiſhwish we
may help him in this affair — I can't but think he may be a
great [bleſſing | blessing]bleſſingblessinghis wife[pers0828.ocp] is a pious woman; [& | and]&and I hope he
is not void of religion —
What the [deſign | design]deſigndesign of providence is in detaining us here I
can't tell, but I believe [& | and]&and [truſt | trust]truſttrust that all is for the [beſt | best]beſtbest
[Mr | Mr.]Mr Mr. Occom[pers0030.ocp] is well, [& | and]&and I am hitherto much [pleaſed | pleased]pleaſedpleased with his conduct
he behaves with great [modeſty | modesty]modeſtymodesty [& | and]&and caution — he is [illegible] [guess (h-dawnd): noticed]noticed not in­
vited to preach by any [miniſter | minister]miniſterminister in town except [mr | Mr.]mr Mr. Morehead[pers0876.ocp]
but he does not [reſent | resent]reſentresent it — I have preached 5. or 6 evenings
every week, or thereabouts, Since I have been here, [& | and]&and never
Saw people more attentive [& | and]&and ready to crowd [to gather | together]to gathertogether, except
in times of awakening — I have not preached in [publick | public]publickpublic on a
week day except the [thirſday | Thursday]thirſdayThursday lecture [laſt | last]laſtlast week —
I hop [illegible] e you will endeavour to [bare | bear]barebear me on your heart
every day — The Eyes of all [ye | the]ye the continent [almoſt | almost]almoſtalmost are on me;
[& | and]&and if I should [miſcarry | miscarry]miſcarrymiscarry, what a wound would it give to religion
[& | and]&and to the [cauſe | cause]cauſecause I am on — o pray for me every day — [& | and]&and
for my family [& | and]&and people — [mr | Mr.]mr Mr. Peck[pers0032.ocp] [& | and]&and wife[pers0413.ocp] Send love to
their Son[pers0180.ocp] [& | and]&and to you all, [& | and]&and [mr | Mr.]mr Mr. Occom[pers0030.ocp] too — [& | and]&and how much, I
can't tell you, is Sent [above] you allyou all from
your brother in the [beſt | best]beſtbest bonds
[Nathl | Nathaniel]Nathl Nathaniel Whitaker[pers0037.ocp]
N.B. [Yeſterday | Yesterday]YeſterdayYesterday [mr | Mr.]mr Mr. Peck[pers0032.ocp] [recd | received]recd received from
[mr | Mr.]mr Mr. Little[pers0330.ocp] 17 Pair of Shoes [& | and]&and a bun­
dle of Striped cloth [&c | etc.]&cetc. in a bag
which he will Send to [mr[above] ss | Mrs.]mr[above] ss Mrs. Whitaker[pers0583.ocp] the [firſt | first]firſtfirst [oppertunity | opportunity]oppertunityopportunity
they were given [laſt | last]laſtlast Spring by that people for your
School —
[mr | Mr.]mr Mr. Wheelock[pers0036.ocp]

The first English immigrant to settle on a peninsula in a harbor on the northeastern coast of North America the local Algonquin Indians called "Shawmet" was William Blackstone in 1629. A year later, John Winthrop arrived with a group of English Puritans and other settlers and named the area Boston after his hometown in Lincolnshire, England. The colony quickly developed representative political institutions that would help shape a democratic nation. Over the next few centuries, Boston emerged as an intellectual and educational center, and, because of its excellent harbor, became a leading commercial hub and a primary port for North America. It is the capital and largest city of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, and the largest city in New England. Boston was the home for the Boards of Commissioners of several overseas religious societies who sent missionaries throughout the colonies in the 18th century, and was the site of many important events of the American Revolution.


Canada is a country located in the uppermost part of the North American continent bordering the United States to the south and the state of Alaska to to the west. Native peoples occupied Canada for tens of thousands of years prior to European arrival in 1497 when John Cabot, an Italian navigator commissioned by the English, set out to find the northwest passage. The name "Canada" derives from a Haudenosaunee (Iroquoian) word "kanata," meaning village or settlement. Throughout the 17th century, Canadian land changed hands among French Catholics, French Huguenots, the English, and Native peoples. Then, in 1754 the French and Indian War erupted in North America, an extension of the European conflict between Great Britain and France, which Great Britain won. According to the 1763 Treaty of Paris ending the war, France was forced to cede all of its territory east of the Mississippi River to Great Britain. The various provinces that developed in the geographic area confederated in 1867 as the country of Canada, which became independent of Britain in 1931. Today, it is both a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy, a member of the British Commonwealth, recognizing the Queen of England as its head of state, a multi-ethnic country recognizing its Native inhabitants as "First Peoples," and officially bilingual. Wheelock looked to Canada as a source of Native recruits after the Oneidas withdrew their children from his school in 1769. Wheelock himself, as well as other associates, went on recruiting parties and brought back students from the Mohawk community at Kahnawake, near Montreal, the Abenaki community at St. Francis, now Odanak, and the Huron community at Lorette near Quebec. While the rumblings of the American Revolution threatened to interrupt future missions, the positive relations already established brought Canadian tribes into the orbit of Wheelock's influence. He also argued that their presence in the town of Hanover, on a direct river route from Canada to Massachussetts, was the best safeguard against Indian attack from Canada. For the next 80 years, boys from the community of St. Francis made up more than half of the Indian students attending Dartmouth and preparatory schools funded with its monies.


The capital and largest city of the United Kingdom, London is located in the southeastern region of England along the Thames River. The outpost that would become London originated as a military storage post for the Romans when they invaded Britain in the year 43. It soon developed as a trading center and financial hub for Roman Britain. During a revolt against the Romans in 61, London was burned to the ground; the rebuilt town appeared in Tacitus’s Annals as Londinium. With the decline of the Roman Empire in the 4th century, Londinium became a Saxon trading town. Following the Norman Conquest, London retained its central political and commercial importance. In the 14th century, under Edward II, Westminster became an administrative center and London became the capital of England. In the early 18th century, London was an important hub for evangelical Christianity and home to many influential people, like the charismatic Anglican minister, George Whitefield, who were sympathetic to Wheelock’s missionary endeavors. Occom arrived in London in February 1766 on his fundraising tour for Wheelock’s school and preached his first sermon at Whitefield’s Tabernacle. London would be Occom’s home base for the next two years, as he and Whitaker travelled throughout England and Scotland. Occom made many friends in London who would continue to support him after his break with Wheelock and the School. By the late 18th century, London had replaced Amsterdam as the center of world commerce, a role it would maintain until 1914.

Whitaker, Nathaniel

Nathaniel Whitaker was an outspoken Presbyterian minister with a long and wide-ranging career. Between his ordination in 1755 and his death in 1795, Whitaker ministered to five different congregations. His longest tenure was at Chelsea, CT (near Norwich), from 1761-1769, during which he joined Occom on his two-and-a-half-year fundraising tour of Britain. While in Chelsea, Whitaker was very involved in Wheelock's project. The two engaged in frequent correspondence, and Whitaker served on Eleazar Wheelock's Board of Correspondents in Connecticut, as well as on the Board of Trustees of Moor's Indian Charity School. At one time, he was Wheelock's presumed successor, but Dartmouth's Trustees demanded that Wheelock appoint another. Wheelock, in part due to his strongly-held belief that Native Americans were childlike and rash, was convinced that Occom needed an Anglo-American supervisor on his fundraising tour. After several candidates turned down the job, Wheelock selected Whitaker. He proved to be a poor choice; he was, by many accounts, a difficult man to get along with, and many of Wheelock’s British allies, including George Whitefield and the English Trust (the organization that took control of the money Occom raised in England) preferred to deal with Occom, although Whitaker insisted on handling the tour’s logistics. Furthermore, in Britain, Occom was the obvious star of the tour, and it was unclear to many why Whitaker asserted himself so prominently. Whitaker’s poor decisions seriously alienated the English Trust and increased their suspicion of Wheelock’s later dealings and treatment of Occom. He gave the English Trust the impression that they would have control over money raised in Scotland (which was in fact lodged with the parent organization of the SSPCK), and he was the executor of the “Eells Affair,” a plan initiated by the CT Board of the SSPCK to bring the money that Occom and Whitaker raised back to the colonies by investing it in trade goods and selling them at a profit (Eells was one of the merchants who was to help with the resale of goods). The English Trust learned about the plan by reading letters that Whitaker had given them permission to open in his absence, and were immediately shocked. The wording of certain letters made it appear that only a percentage of the profit from the resale of the goods would go towards Moor’s Indian Charity School, but beyond that detail, the English Trust was scandalized at the thought of money raised for charity being invested in trade. The English Trust blamed Whitaker entirely for these affairs, and issued specific instructions for Occom to notarize all documents requiring Whitaker’s signature. In short, they wanted Occom to supervise Whitaker, when Wheelock had envisioned the opposite relationship (both Occom and Whitaker seem to have ignored their instructions, preferring to have as little contact with one another as possible). In 1769, a year after his return to Connecticut in 1768, Whitaker found himself dismissed by his Chelsea congregation (likely because he had spent two and a half years away from them). He went on to serve several more congregations before his death in 1795. Whitaker was an outspoken Whig, and during the Revolution he published several pamphlets on his political opinions.

Wheelock, Eleazar

Eleazar Wheelock was a New Light Congregationalist minister who founded Dartmouth College. He was born into a very typical Congregationalist family, and began studying at Yale in 1729, where he fell in with the emerging New Light clique. The evangelical network that he built in college propelled him to fame as an itinerant minister during the First Great Awakening and gave him many of the contacts that he later drew on to support his charity school for Native Americans. Wheelock’s time as an itinerant minister indirectly brought about his charity school. When the Colony of Connecticut retroactively punished itinerant preaching in 1743, Wheelock was among those who lost his salary. Thus, in 1743, he began operating a grammar school to support himself. He was joined that December by Samson Occom, a Mohegan Indian, who sought out an education in hopes of becoming a teacher among his people. Occom’s academic success inspired Wheelock to train Native Americans as missionaries. To that end, he opened Moor’s Indian Charity School in 1754 (where he continued to train Anglo-American students who paid their own way as well as students who functionally indentured themselves to Wheelock as missionaries in exchange for an education). Between 1754 and 1769, when he relocated to New Hampshire, Wheelock trained approximately 60 male and female Native American students from nearby Algonquian tribes and from the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) of central New York. At the same time, he navigated the complicated politics of missionary societies by setting up his own board of the Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge, although he continued to feud with the Boston Board of the SSPCK and the London Commissioners in Boston (more colloquially called the New England Company). By the late 1760s, Wheelock had become disillusioned with the idea of Native American education. He was increasingly convinced that educating Native Americans was futile (several of his students had failed to conform to his confusing and contradictory standards), and, in late 1768, he lost his connection to the Haudenosaunee. With his inclination and ability to sponsor Native American missionaries largely depleted, Wheelock sought instead to fulfill his ultimate ambition of obtaining a charter and opening a college, which he did in 1769. To fund this new enterprise, Wheelock drew on the £12,000 that Samson Occom had raised for Moor’s Indian Charity School during a two-and-a-half year tour of Great Britain (1765 to 1768). Much of this money went towards clearing land and erecting buildings in New Hampshire for the Charity School’s relocation — infrastructure that also happened to benefit Dartmouth. Many of Wheelock’s contemporaries were outraged by what they saw as misuse of the money, as it was clear that Dartmouth College was not intended for Indians and that Moor’s had become a side project. Although Wheelock tried to maintain at least some commitment to Native American education by recruiting students from Canadian communities, the move did a great deal of damage to his public image. The last decade of Wheelock’s life was not easy. In addition to the problems of trying to set up a college far away from any Anglo-American urban center, Wheelock experienced the loss of relationships with two of his most famous and successful students, Samson Occom and Samuel Kirkland (an Anglo-American protégé). He also went into debt for Dartmouth College, especially after the fund raised in Britain was exhausted.

Marshall, John
Hancock, John
Oliver, Andrew

Andrew Oliver was an influential Boston merchant and politician, who was a member of several societies that funded Eleazar Wheelock, including the Boston Board of the New England Company (treasurer) and Massachusetts General Assembly (secretary). Oliver played an important political role in pre-Revolutionary Massachusetts and, as a firm advocate of Indian missions, attended multiple conferences with Indian tribes. He believed that Anglican and Dissenter missionaries and societies could cooperate, and after Oliver and Wheelock were introduced in 1756, Oliver helped Wheelock access funding from the New England Company, the Massachusetts Assembly, and the Boston Board of the Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge. Their relationship deteriorated, however, when the London Board of the New England Company turned against Wheelock late in 1765. Wheelock became aware of the London Board’s change of heart through the “Oliver letter,” a letter purportedly written by Oliver (actually written by Ebenezer Pemberton) that was “injurious” to the characters of Wheelock, Whitaker, and Occom. In 1765, Wheelock also lost his funding from the Massachusetts Assembly. It is unclear what role Oliver played in these events. On the one hand, the breach between Wheelock and the New England Company coincided with the collapse of Oliver’s political career over his attempts to enforce the Stamp Act. Oliver may have been too preoccupied to be involved in the London Board’s change of heart; after all, Boston mobs were burning him in effigy. On the other hand, if Oliver was not involved, it is more difficult to explain why his correspondence with Wheelock ended abruptly in 1767 or why Wheelock lost funding from the Assembly and the London Board at the same time. Oliver would be the obvious link; but of course, Wheelock had many detractors in Boston and another explanation is certainly possible.

MacIntosh, Ebenezer
Whitaker, Sarah (née Smith)

Sarah Whitaker (maiden name Smith) was the wife of the prominent Presbyterian minister Nathaniel Whitaker. They had seven or eight children, the first being born in 1756. She wrote to him and raised their children while Nathaniel was away on his fundraising tour with Samson Occom (1765-1768). She must have lived at least until the birth of their last child, Jonathan Whitaker (born December 10, 1771), but she does not appear in the historical record after that time.

Smith, John

John Smith was an affluent Boston merchant who supported Wheelock’s school throughout the 1760s. It is likely that Smith and Wheelock were introduced by George Whitefield or someone similarly involved in evangelical and missionary efforts in the British Atlantic world: John Smith made somewhat regular trips to London for business, and had been in contact with Whitefield since the 1740s. Like the other Boston merchants who supported Moor’s Indian Charity School (including Moses Peck, William Hyslop, and Nathaniel Eells), Smith traded with Wheelock and kept him up to date on political developments in Boston, especially as they concerned attitudes towards Moor’s Indian Charity School. However, Smith was better educated (and likely more affluent) than the other merchants that Wheelock worked with, and, correspondingly, played a more important role than his brethren in Wheelock’s efforts. Smith publicized the school independently (his letter to an unnamed friend, catalogued as 764318.2, is one of the most cited letters on the organization of Moor’s) and assisted Wheelock in publishing the Narratives. John Smith’s greatest contribution to Wheelock’s design was his support during Samson Occom and Nathaniel Whitaker’s fundraising tour of Great Britain (1765-1768). Smith set out for Britain in July 1765 to improve his health, and while there, acted as a vanguard for Occom and Whitaker. He managed their correspondence, suggested destinations, and served on an ad hoc advisory council that included George Whitefield, Samuel Savage, Robert Keen, and several other influential men. The pace of the journey caught up with John Smith, however, and he died in 1768 while in Britain.

Williams, John
Occom, Samson

Samson Occom was a Mohegan leader and ordained Presbyterian minister. Occom began his public career in 1742, when he was chosen as a tribal counselor to Ben Uncas II. The following year, he sought out Eleazar Wheelock, a young Anglo-American minister in Lebanon, CT, in hopes of obtaining some education and becoming a teacher at Mohegan. Wheelock agreed to take on Occom as a student, and though Occom had anticipated staying for a few weeks or months, he remained with Wheelock for four years. Occom’s academic success inspired Wheelock to open Moor’s Indian Charity School in 1754, a project which gave him the financial and political capital to establish Dartmouth College in 1769. After his time with Wheelock, Occom embarked on a 12-year mission to the Montauk of Long Island (1749-1761). He married a Montauk woman, Mary Fowler, and served as both teacher and missionary to the Montauk and nearby Shinnecock, although he was grievously underpaid for his services. Occom conducted two brief missions to the Oneida in 1761 and 1762 before embarking on one of the defining journeys of his career: a fundraising tour of Great Britain that lasted from 1765 to 1768. During this journey, undertaken on behalf of Moor’s Indian Charity School, Occom raised £12,000 (an enormous and unanticpated amount that translates roughly to more than two-million dollars), and won wide acclaim for his preaching and comportment. Upon his return to Mohegan in 1768, Occom discovered that Wheelock had failed to adequately care for his family while he was gone. Additionally, despite the vast sums of money that he had raised, Occom found himself unemployed. Wheelock tried to find Occom a missionary position, but Occom was in poor health and disinclined to leave his family again after seeing the treatment with which they had met while he was in Britain. Occom and Wheelock’s relationship continued to sour as it became apparent to Occom that the money he had labored to raise would be going towards infrastructure at Dartmouth College, Wheelock’s new project, rather than the education of Native Americans. After the dissolution of his relationship with Wheelock, Occom became increasingly focused on the needs of the Mohegan community and increasingly vocal in criticizing Anglo-Americans’ un-Christian treatment of Native Americans. In September of 1772, he delivered his famous “Sermon on the Execution of Moses Paul,” which took Anglo-American spiritual hypocrisy as one of its major themes, and which went into four printings before the end of the year. In 1773, Occom became further disillusioned when the Mason Land Case was decided in favor of the Colony of Connecticut. The details of the Mason Case are complicated, but to summarize: the Colony of Connecticut had gained control of Mohegan land early in the 18th century under very suspect circumstances, and successfully fended off the Mohegan’s 70-year-long legal challenge. The conclusion of the case came as a blow to the Mohegans, and further convinced Occom of Anglo-American corruption. Along with David Fowler (Montauk Tribe), Occom's brother-in-law, and Joseph Johnson (Mohegan), Occom's son-in-law, Occom helped found Brothertown, an Indian tribe formed from the Christian Mohegans, Pequots, Narragansetts, Montauks, Tunxis, and Niantics. They eventually settled in Oneida country in upstate New York. Occom moved there with his family in 1789, spending the remaining years of his life serving as a minster to the Brothertown, Stockbridge, and Mohegan Indians. Harried by corrupt land agents, the Brothertown and Stockbridge groups relocated to the eastern shore of Lake Winnebago, though Occom died in 1792 before he could remove himself and his family there. Occom's writings and legacy have made him one of the best known and most eminent Native Americans of the 18th century and beyond.

Peck, Moses

Watchmaker Moses Peck took collections for Occom, and Wheelock had an account with him that involved shipping items to Lebanon and debits/credits for funding Occom. It is possible that Peck was Occom’s credit source in Boston. He was enthusiastic about and involved in the Indian education mission, and offered Wheelock advice about how to deal with Anglicans. Wheelock had Peck print his brief defense of Occom to counter the London Society’s rumors. Peck paid to send his son Elijah to school with Wheelock, although Elijah eventually failed his graduation examinations.

Peck, Elijah

Son of Moses Peck. Moses paid to send Elijah to school. He occurs first in Moses' letter to Wheelock, dated December 24 1765. On September 18 1767, Wheelock wrote to inform Moses that Elijah had failed his examinations. It is unclear whether Elijah retook the examinations. He traveled home to Boston on September 23rd, and appears to have stayed there, as he went for a pleasure-ride on a boat with David McClure and John Wheelock on September 28 1769. Although both McClure and J. Wheelock were involved in Moor's/Dartmouth at the time (McClure as teacher, John Wheelock as student), it is unlikely that Elijah re-enrolled. He never graduated from Dartmouth, and although two Pecks graduated in the early years of the 19th century (1800 and 1807), neither was his son. Elijah disappears from written history around the time of his father's death in 1801.

Peck, Elizabeth (née Townsend)
Little, Ebenezer

Ebenezer Little was a Massachusetts merchant and a supporter of Wheelock's school, who shipped goods to Wheelock and helped the design however he could. His commitment to Wheelock's Indian School was such that the Reverend Parsons mentioned it in his sermon at Little's funeral. Manuscript 764662, not included in the Occom Circle, relates to Wheelock and Little's trade relationship. Little was very involved in the Presbyterian Church at Newburyport, as well as local government.

Fundraising Tour of Great Britain
After many months of planning and shifting personnel, Occom, accompanied by the minister Nathaniel Whitaker, sets sail in December 1765 for a two-and-a-half year tour of England and Scotland in order to solicit contributions to Wheelock’s Indian Charity School and missionary efforts. Introduced to aristocrats and prominent clergy by the minister George Whitefield, Occom preaches many sermons, travels widely, and collects a large sum of money.
Document Summary

People identified in this document:

id Text in document Role in header Authorized Name
pers0356.ocp Cap. t Capt. mentioned Marshall, John
pers0243.ocp owner mentioned Hancock, John
pers0031.ocp m r Mr. Oliver mentioned Oliver, Andrew
pers0811.ocp Governer Governor Mackentaſh MacIntosh mentioned MacIntosh, Ebenezer
pers0811.ocp Gov. r Gov. Mackentaſh MacIntosh mentioned MacIntosh, Ebenezer
pers0821.ocp Cap. t Capt. Scot mentioned Scot
pers0497.ocp m r Mr. Smith mentioned Smith, John
pers0803.ocp Cap. t Capt. Bruce mentioned Bruce
pers0037.ocp M. r Mr. Whitaker writer Whitaker, Nathaniel
pers0827.ocp m r Mr. John Williams mentioned Williams, John
pers0828.ocp his wife mentioned Williams
pers0030.ocp M r Mr. Occom mentioned Occom, Samson
pers0876.ocp m r Mr. Morehead mentioned Morehead
pers0032.ocp m r Mr. Peck mentioned Peck, Moses
pers0413.ocp wife mentioned Peck, Elizabeth (née Townsend)
pers0180.ocp their Son mentioned Peck, Elijah
pers0030.ocp m r Mr. Occom mentioned Occom, Samson
pers0037.ocp Nath l Nathaniel Whitaker writer Whitaker, Nathaniel
pers0032.ocp m r Mr. Peck mentioned Peck, Moses
pers0330.ocp m r Mr. Little mentioned Little, Ebenezer
pers0583.ocp m r s Mrs. Whitaker mentioned Whitaker, Sarah (née Smith)
pers0036.ocp m r Mr. Wheelock recipient Wheelock, Eleazar

Places identified in this document:

id Text in document Authorized Name
place0013.ocp Boſton Boston Boston
place0013.ocp Boſton Boston Boston
place0128.ocp London London
place0303.ocp Canady Canada Canada

This document does not contain any tagged organizations.

Dates identified in this document:

Standard Form Text
1765-12-18 Dec:December 18. 1765
1765-12-18 Dec.r December 18. 1765

Regularized text:

Type Original Regularized
modernization Boſton Boston
modernization Revd Rev.
modernization doubtleſs doubtless
modernization aſſured assured
modernization Cap.t Capt.
modernization becauſe because
modernization Cuſtom custom
modernization houſe house
modernization yeſterday yesterday
modernization pleaſant pleasant
modernization laſt last
modernization mr Mr.
modernization ye the
variation publick­
modernization Commiſſion commission
modernization Maſter Master
variation majeſtrates magistrates
variation waite wait
modernization inſult insult
variation Governer Governor
variation Mackentaſh MacIntosh
variation Majeſtrates magistrates
modernization Satiſfaction satisfaction
modernization Satiſfy satisfy
modernization commiſſion commission
modernization Gov.r Gov.
modernization unleſs unless
variation Sware swear
variation obediance obedience
modernization M.r Mr.
variation Canady Canada
modernization deſign design
modernization wiſh wish
modernization bleſſing blessing
modernization truſt trust
modernization beſt best
modernization Mr Mr.
modernization pleaſed pleased
modernization modeſty modesty
modernization miniſter minister
modernization reſent resent
variation to gather together
variation publick public
variation thirſday Thursday
variation bare bear
modernization almoſt almost
modernization miſcarry miscarry
modernization cauſe cause
modernization Yeſterday Yesterday
modernization mr Mr.
modernization &c etc.
modernization mr[above] ss Mrs.
modernization firſt first
variation oppertunity opportunity

Expanded abbreviations:

Abbreviation Expansion
Dec: December
& and
wch which
recd received
commiſſn commission
Merchts. merchants
S.d said
Merch.ts merchants
Com.d command
Sab: sabbath
Dec.r December
An: annum
Nathl Nathaniel
recd received

This document's header does not contain any mixed case attribute values.

Summary of errors found in this document:

Number of dates with invalid 'when' attributes: 0
Number of nested "hi" tags: (consider merging the @rend attributes, or using other tags) 0
Number of tags with invalid 'rend' attributes: 0 (out of 35)
Number of people/places/organizations with unknown keys: 0 (out of 28)
Number of "add" tags with unknown 'place' attributes: 0 (out of 5)
Mixed case attribute values in header (potential error): 0 (out of 139)
HomeNathaniel Whitaker, letter, to Eleazar Wheelock, 1765 December 18
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