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Samson Occom, journal, 1765 November 21

ms-number: 765621.6

[note (type: abstract): Occom details the events of his time in Great Britain.][note (type: handwriting): Occom's hand is largely clear and legible. There are several uncrossed t’s, crossed l’s, undotted i’s, and dotted numeral I’s; these have been corrected by the transcriber. In several instances, Occom has dotted an e; although it is uncertain whether he intended to correct an e to an i or vice versa, the transcriber has used the correct spelling in each case. In cases where it is uncertain as to whether or not Occom is purposely indenting, transcriber has used her discretion.][note (type: paper): Several small sheets are folded into a book with a sewn binding and marbled-paper cover. The paper is in good condition, with light-to-moderate staining and wear.][note (type: ink): Brown-black.][note (type: noteworthy): There are red pencil marks throughout. Another hand, likely 19th-century, has underlined various names and words throughout in black ink. This editor's changes and additions have not been transcribed. On 12 recto, at the bottom of the page, the same hand has written “(see W–d vol 3. p. 339)” possibly a reference to the journals of George Whitefield. Beginning with 26 verso, the text is upside-down in relation to the first 24 pages of the journal. On 27 verso, Occom notes that he has written to “a Negro Girl Boston.” It is highly likely that this refers to the poet Phillis Wheatley[pers0428.ocp]. Place and person names that are not legible have not been tagged.]

events: Fundraising Tour of Great Britain, Occom’s inoculation

[note (type: editorial): Nineteeth-century editor not transcribed.][note (type: editorial): Not transcribed.]

Mohegan[place0143.ocp] [Novr | November]NovrNovember 21: 1765[1765-11-21]

The Honorable [Commiſsioners | Commissioners]CommiſsionersCommissioners
In Connecticut New England for
[propigating | propagating]propigatingpropagating [Chriſtian | Christian]ChriſtianChristian Knowledge [& | and]&and
[Letterature | Literature]LetteratureLiterature among the Indians[org0034.ocp]
ing Maturely [Conſulted | consulted]Conſultedconsulted the [Expeediancy | expediency]Expeediancyexpediency
of Sending Some fit [Perſon | person]Perſonperson to Europe[place0070.ocp]
to Cali[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): ect]ect [aſsiſtance | assistance]aſsiſtanceassistance from God's People
at Home in this Heavy and good Work —
and appointed the [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. Nathaniel
[Whetaker | Whitaker]WhetakerWhitaker[pers0037.ocp]
to go — and thought it
good to Send me to acompany him —
and [Acordingly | accordingly]Acordinglyaccordingly, not Doubting the
Call of god, and my Duty to go, on
[Thirdſday | Thursday]ThirdſdayThursday the 21 of [Novr | November]NovrNovember[1765-11-21] as above;
in [obediance | obedience]obedianceobedience to the Strange Call
of Providence, having Commited
[my Self | myself]my Selfmyself Family and Friends to
the Care of Almighty God, took
[Lieve | leave]Lieveleave of them about 11 A:M: and
went on my Journey towards [Boſton | Boston]BoſtonBoston[place0013.ocp]

[Boſton | Boston]BoſtonBoston[place0013.ocp] in order to take a
[voige | voyage]voigevoyage from thence to Europe[place0070.ocp]

Saturday [Novr | November]NovrNovember 23[1765-11-23]

[ariv'd | arrived]ariv'darrived
at [Boſton | Boston]BoſtonBoston about 3 in the
[after noon | afternoon]after noonafternoon, and put up at
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Moſes | Moses]MoſesMoses Peck[pers0032.ocp]'s and was
very kindly [receiv'd | received]receiv'dreceived by him
— on [Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday following [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
[Whetaker | Whitaker]WhetakerWhitaker[pers0037.ocp]
, [above] withwith [whome | whom]whomewhom I was to tra­
vel [return'd | returned]return'dreturned to [Boſton | Boston]BoſtonBoston[place0013.ocp] from
[Portſmouth | Portsmouth]PortſmouthPortsmouth[place0190.ocp], met with good
[incouragement | encouragement]incouragementencouragement by Friends
[Eaſtward | Eastward]EaſtwardEastward, he Brought with
him, [almoſt | almost]almoſtalmost Enough for our
voige [Paſage | passage]Paſagepassage, — Hea[above] rre we [Stay[above] dd | stayed]Stay[above] ddstayed
in [Boſton | Boston]BoſtonBoston[place0013.ocp] near 5 weeks, —
Friends in this place to the
affair we are upon appear
as [illegible] near [illegible]and Sincere as
ever and [increace | increase]increaceincrease Daily —

The [Adverſaries | adversaries]Adverſariesadversaries Stand at
a [Diſtance | distance]Diſtancedistance Like Shemei,
But they don't Speak [a
Loud | a
as they did, they now
Contrive their Projects in
Secret, — and it is [Suppoſe | suppose]Suppoſesuppose[above] dd
they are preparing whips
for us (Letters) for us to
Send to Europe by the Same
Ship, we are to igo in —

Monday [Decr | December]DecrDecember 23[1765-12-23]

[a bout | about]a boutabout
9 in the Morning went
[a Bo[above] aard | abroad]a Bo[above] aardabroad in [Boſton | Boston]BoſtonBoston[place0013.ocp] Pa[illegible]cket
a Ship, John [Marſhall | Marshall]MarſhallMarshall[pers0356.ocp]
[Capt | Capt.]CaptCapt., and at 9 and half
we Spread Sail to wind — [Truſt | Trust]TruſtTrust
ing in [above] [ye | the]yethe[ye | the]yethe Living god — there was
four [Paſanger | passenger]Paſangerpassenger of us [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. John
and [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Thomas Brom­
of [Boſton | Boston]BoſtonBoston, [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Whetaker | Whitaker]WhetakerWhitaker[pers0037.ocp]
and I —

we had very agreeable Company,
The [worſhip | worship]worſhipworship of god was [Caried | carried]Cariedcarried on
Daily, and had a Sermon every
Sabbath, the [goodneſs | goodness]goodneſsgoodness of god is very
great to us, — we had favourable
Winds except 3 Short Spells of hard
[Gail | gale]Gailgale, we lay tow, and when we
got within [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): 3]3200 Leagues of Lands
, moderate [Eaſterly | easterly]Eaſterlyeasterly winds
met us, SAnd [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped us 1520 days
and remarkable warm weather
we had [moſt | most]moſtmost of the Time — and
then we had Some favourable
winds, — and Sabbath the [2d | 2nd]2d2nd day
of [Feruary | February]FeruaryFebruary [above] 17661766[1766-02-02]
about 10 in the
morning we [diſcover'd | discovered]diſcover'ddiscovered the land
of England[place0068.ocp], — and the wind head
ed us again, and the next wDay
which was [ye | the]yethe 3 of [Febr | February]FebrFebruary[1766-02-03] we wen[above] tt
a Shore on great [Briton | Britain]BritonBritain[place0090.ocp] in
a [illegible][Fiſh | fish]Fiſhfish Boat, and land at
a Place [Call'd | called]Call'dcalled [Bricksham | Brixham]BrickshamBrixham[place0439.ocp], [illegible]

in [Tar Bay | Torbay]Tar BayTorbay[place0620.ocp] 1200 [mils | miles]milsmiles from Lan[above] dd
[Juſt | just]Juſtjust after [Sun Set | sunset]Sun Setsunset, and put
at one widow womans [Houſe | house]Houſehouse
[Beſsed | Blessed]BeſsedBlessed be [thiy | thy]thiythy great Name [oi | of]oiof
god for thy [goodneſs | goodness]goodneſsgoodness to us over
the waters and hast brought
us upon the Land, Lord wri[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): g]g[above] [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): te]te[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): te]te
a Law of [thankfullneſs | thankfulness]thankfullneſsthankfulness in our
Hearts, and [preſerve | preserve]preſervepreserve me on
the Land as wthou hast done
on the [illegible]Seas, and deliver
me from all Evil, [eſpecially | especially]eſpeciallyespecially
from the [Evetl | evil]Evetlevil of Sin — —

[Febr | February]FebrFebruary 4[1766-02-04]

went on our Journey
Early in the Morning on [Horſe | Horse]HorſeHorse
Back, got to [Exon | Exton]ExonExton[place0072.ocp] about 4 pm
30 [M' | miles]M'miles from [Bricksham | Brixham]BrickshamBrixham[place0439.ocp]
we were [Calld | called]Calldcalled up half after 10 in
the Night, [& | and]&and went off in a Coach [above] of [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): Six]Six [Horſe | Horse]HorſeHorseof [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): Six]Six [Horſe | Horse]HorſeHorse
at 11, from [Exon | Exton]ExonExton[place0072.ocp] [prety | pretty]pretypretty Large
City and [reachd | reached]reachdreached to a City [Call'd | called]Call'dcalled
[Salsbury | Salisbury]SalsburySalisbury[place0257.ocp] about 10 in the [even[above] gg | evening]even[above] ggevening
we went a 100 miles this Day

But we had very Cold Day,—
Thanks be to god for his [goodneſs | goodness]goodneſsgoodness to
us [heatherto | hitherto]heathertohitherto

[illegible] [Thirdsday | Thursday]ThirdsdayThursday [Fer | February]FerFebruary 6[1766-02-06]

we were [Calld | called]Calldcalled
up again [Juſt | just]Juſtjust before 2 and at
2 in the Morning we went on
our Journey — and by the [goodneſs | goodness]goodneſsgoodness
of [illegible]God, [above] wewe [ariv'd | arrived]ariv'darrived to London[place0128.ocp] about
7 in the Evening, and we [Call'd | called]Call'dcalled
upon [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Debert | DeBerdt]DebertDeBerdt[pers0014.ocp], and were Kin[above] dd
ly re[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): ie]ieivd, and [Lodg'd | lodged]Lodg'dlodged there, in
[ye | the]yethe Morning [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Smith[pers0497.ocp] of [Boſtn | Boston]BoſtnBoston[place0013.ocp]
Came to See us, and Conducted
us to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Whetfield | Whitefield]WhetfieldWhitefield[pers0038.ocp]s, and were
[Extreemly | extremely]Extreemlyextremely well [receiv'd | received]receiv'dreceived by him,
O how [marvillous | marvelous]marvillousmarvelous is gods [goodneſs | goodness]goodneſsgoodness
to us thus far — [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Whitfield | Whitefield]WhitfieldWhitefield[pers0038.ocp] [& | and]&and
other[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): del s]del s Friends here [adviſe | advise]adviſeadvise [illegible]not to
be open as yet, — we rode with
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [W[illegible]hitfield | Whitefield]W[illegible]hitfieldWhitefield[pers0038.ocp] [above] in his [Chaiſe | Chaise]ChaiſeChaisein his [Chaiſe | Chaise]ChaiſeChaise to a good Friends [above] [H | house]Hhouse[H | house]Hhouse
[above] and [Din'd | dined]Din'ddined thereand [Din'd | dined]Din'ddined there but we were Private about it,
[Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Whitefield[pers0038.ocp]s —

Saturday [Februr | February]FebrurFebruary 8[1766-02-08]:

was at
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Whitefield[pers0038.ocp]s [Conceil'd | concealed]Conceil'dconcealed — and
on Sabbath [9th | 9th]9th9th [Febr | February]FebrFebruary[1766-02-09] was Still [Conce[above] ldld | concealed]Conce[above] ldldconcealed

Monday [Februr | February]FebrurFebruary [ye | the]yethe [10th | 10th]10th10th[1766-02-10]

[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Whitefield[pers0038.ocp]
too[above] kk [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Whetaker | Whitaker]WhetakerWhitaker[pers0037.ocp] and I in his Coach
and [Introduc'd | introduced]Introduc'dintroduced us to my Lord Dart­
, and [apear'd | appeared]apear'dappeared like a worthy
Lord indeed, [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Whitefield[pers0038.ocp] Says
he is a [Chriſtian | Christian]ChriſtianChristian Lord and an [un­
Common | un
one — after we [Pay'd | paid]Pay'dpaid
our Compliments to my Lord[pers0153.ocp]
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Whitefield[pers0038.ocp] [Caried | carried]Cariedcarried us to my
Lady Hotham[pers1046.ocp]'s, and She [receiv'd | received]receiv'dreceived
us with all [Kindneſs | kindness]Kindneſskindness, and She is
an aged woman, and a mother
in Israel, and we w rode abou[above] tt
Both in the City and out, — the
Land about the City [above] [& | and]&and[& | and]&and in the Coun­
try is like one Continued CGar
den. — [laſt | last]laſtlast Sabbath [Evenig | evening]Evenigevening I
[walk'd | walked]walk'dwalked with [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Wright[pers0614.ocp] to [Cary | carry]Carycarry
a letter to my Lord Dartmouth[pers0153.ocp]
and Saw Such [Confution | confusion]Confutionconfusion as I
never Dreamt of — there was
Some at Churches Singing p[illegible]
[& | and]&and Preaching, in the Streets Some
[Curſing | cursing]Curſingcursing [illegible][Swaring | swearing]Swaringswearing [& | and]&and Damning

one another, others was holl[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): ow]owing,
[wheſtling | wrestling]wheſtlingwrestling, talking [gigling | giggling]giglinggiggling, [above] [& | and]&and[& | and]&and Laug[above] hh
ing, [above] [& | and]&and[& | and]&and Coaches and footmen [paſs | pass]paſspass­
ing and [repaſsing | repassing]repaſsingrepassing, [Croſsing | crossing]Croſsingcrossing and
[Creſs-Croſsing | criss-crossing]Creſs-Croſsingcriss-crossing, and the poor [Begers | beggars]Begersbeggars
Praying, Crying and [Beging | begging]Begingbegging up
on their knees — [Tueſday | Tuesday]TueſdayTuesday [Dind | dined]Dinddined
with [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Savage[pers0465.ocp], and in the [eveng | evening]evengevening
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Whitefield[pers0038.ocp] and his people had
Love [Feaſt | Feast]FeaſtFeast at the [Chappel | chapel]Chappelchapel[place0440.ocp]. [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
and I [Join'd | joined]Join'djoined with them

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday [Febr | February]FebrFebruary 12[1766-02-12]

rode out agai[above] nn

[Thirdſday | Thursday]ThirdſdayThursday [Febr | February]FebrFebruary 13[1766-02-13]

[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Whitefeld | Whitefield]WhitefeldWhitefield[pers0038.ocp]
[Caried | carried]Cariedcarried [above] usus to the [Parlament | Parliament]ParlamentParliament [Houſe | House]HouſeHouse[place0454.ocp]
there we Saw many [Curioſitees | curiosities]Curioſiteescuriosities,
from thence went over [Weſtmin­
ſter | Westmin
Bridge [a Croſs | across]a Croſsacross the River
made all of Stone —
thence went to Greenwich[place0445.ocp],
and [above] hadhad a glance of ˄ [Hoſpital | hospital]Hoſpitalhospital there
But it a Tedious Cold rainy [illegible]Day
[above] itit was — — we were [Introducd | introduced]Introducdintroduced by [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
[Whetefield | Whitefield]WhetefieldWhitefield[pers0038.ocp]
to [M | Mr.]MMr. [Faudagal | Fothergill]FaudagalFothergill[pers1038.ocp] a Quaker —

got home again in the Evening —

[Fryday | Friday]FrydayFriday [Febr | February]FebrFebruary 14[1766-02-14]

Early in the
morning [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Whitefield[pers0038.ocp] Carried tous to
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Romain[pers0456.ocp]s and [Introducd | introduced]Introducdintroduced tus to him
and to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Madin[pers1053.ocp] — and to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
and old [Apoſtolec | apostolic]Apoſtolecapostolic
german [Miniſter | minister]Miniſterminister, — and [returnd | returned]returndreturned
Home again — —
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Whetefield | Whitefield]WhetefieldWhitefield[pers0038.ocp] takes unwearied
Pains to Introduce us to the reli
gious Nobility and others, and
to the [beſt | best]beſtbest of men in the City of
London[place0128.ocp] — Yea he [above] isis a tender father
to us, he [provids | provides]providsprovides every thing
for us, hase has, [above] gotgot a [Houſe | house]Houſehouse for us, —
[above] [ye | the]yethe[ye | the]yethe Lord reward him a [thouſand | thousand]thouſandthousand
a [Thouſand | thousand]Thouſandthousand fold — He is indeed
[above] a fathera father in God, he has made him a
[Sprititual | spiritual]Sprititualspiritual Father to [thouſands | thousands]thouſandsthousands
and [thouſands | thousands]thouſandsthousands, and god has
made him a Temporal father
to the poor, — His [Houſe | house]Houſehouse is

Surrounded with the poor,
the Blingd, the Lame, the Halt
and the [mamed | maimed]mamedmaimed, the widow, [& | and]&and
the [Fatherleſs | fatherless]Fatherleſsfatherless, from Day to
Day, God Continue his [uſeful | useful]uſefuluseful Life,
Sabbath I [Preach'd | preached]Preach'dpreached in [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. White­
's Tabernacle[place0230.ocp]
to a great
Multitude of People; I felt .....

Monday [Feby | February]FebyFebruary 17[1766-02-17]

[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Whitefield[pers0038.ocp]
[preſented | presented]preſentedpresented us to [Dr | Dr.]DrDr. Gifford[pers0221.ocp] a
famous [Paptiſt | Baptist]PaptiſtBaptist [Mi[ſ | s]ſsniſter | minister]Mi[ſ | s]ſsniſterminister and
were [receiv'd | received]receiv'dreceived [Extreamly | extremely]Extreamlyextremely well —
and Dined with him — — —

[Tueſday | Tuesday]TueſdayTuesday[1766-02-18]

we [Stayd | stayed]Staydstayed Home —

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday [Febr | February]FebrFebruary 19[1766-02-19]

we were Con­
ducted to See the King[pers0305.ocp]s [Horſes | horses]Horſeshorses
Carriages and [Horſemen | horsemen]Horſemenhorsemen [&c | etc.]&cetc.
and t[illegible]hen went to the [Pt | Parliament]PtParliament [Houſe | House]HouſeHouse[place0454.ocp]
and went in the Robing Room
and Saw the Crown [firſt | first]firſtfirst, and
Saw the King[pers0305.ocp], had [ye | the]yethe [Pleaſure | pleasure]Pleaſurepleasure

of [Seeng | seeing]Seengseeing him put on his Royal
Robes and Crown, — He is quite
a [Comly | comely]Comlycomely man — his Crown is
Richly [adorn'd | adorned]adorn'dadorned with Diamonds.
how grand and [Dazling | dazzling]Dazlingdazzling is it to
our Eyes — if an Earthly Crown
is So grand — How great and glo
rious [muſt | must]muſtmust the Crown of the gloriou[above] ss
Redeemer be at the right [above] handhand of
the [majeſty | majesty]majeſtymajesty on High — [illegible] [tho' | though]tho'though
he was once [Crown'd | crowned]Crown'dcrowned with
Thorns — The a[Atendence | attendance]Atendenceattendance
of King[illegible] greorge[pers0305.ocp] is [illegible]very [Sur­
prizing | sur
, as he went to the [Houſe | House]HouſeHouse
of [Parlament | Parliament]ParlamentParliament[place0454.ocp]
[above] he [& | and]&andhe [& | and]&and his glorious Coach
was was [atended | attended]atendedattended with [foot men | footmen]foot menfootmen
[Juſt | just]Juſtjust before and behind yea
all round, and the [Horſemen | horsemen]Horſemenhorsemen
[Juſt | just]Juſtjust behind and before the
[foot men | footmen]foot menfootmen, and the Bells [& | and]&and
all Sorts of [Muſickal | musical]Muſickalmusical [Inſtru | Instru]InſtruInstru

[Inſtruments | instruments]Inſtrumentsinstruments Playing, and the
[Cannan | cannon]Cannancannon Firing, and Multitude[above] ss
of all Sorts of People [Throning | thronging]Throningthronging
all Round — if an Earth King
with his [above] [atendc | attendance]atendcattendance[atendc | attendance]atendcattendance So great, — How grand
how Dreadful and g[illegible]lorious [muſt | must]muſtmust
the appearing of the Son of god
be — when he Shall [Deſend | descend]Deſenddescend
from Heaven, to Judge the
World, He will [deſend | descend]deſenddescend with
[Cherubems | cherubim]Cherubemscherubim and [Sarephems | seraphim]Sarephemsseraphim
with Angels and Archang[above] elsels,
and with Sound of the Trump[above] etet
and with great Power and
glory [above] with Thunder [& | and]&and [Lighting | lightning]Lightinglightningwith Thunder [& | and]&and [Lighting | lightning]Lightinglightning, — and the Family
of Heaven, and Earth, and
Hell Shall appear before
him, and the [Eliments | elements]Elimentselements Shall
melt with fervent Heat —
Lor [Jeſus | Jesus]JeſusJesus prepare me for thy
Second Coming —

we went [Emediately | immediately]Emediatelyimmediately from [Seing | seeing]Seingseeing
The King[pers0305.ocp], to Dine with a Noble
man My Lord [DartMouth | Dartmouth]DartMouthDartmouth[pers0153.ocp] a [moſt | most]moſtmost
religious [Noble-man | nobleman]Noble-mannobleman and his
[alſo | also]alſoalso, the [moſt | most]moſtmost Singular
[Cupple | couple]Cupplecouple [amongſt | amongst]amongſtamongst Nobility in
London [above] DinnerDinner, — This Day [alſo | also]alſoalso went
to [W[illegible]eſtminſter | Westminster]W[illegible]eſtminſterWestminster [Abey | Abbey]AbeyAbbey[place0462.ocp], and had
a [fuler | fuller]fulerfuller Vew of the [Moniments | monuments]Monimentsmonuments
[below] Saw Bedlem[place0621.ocp] [alſo | also]alſoalsoSaw Bedlem[place0621.ocp] [alſo | also]alſoalso in the [Evenig | evening]Evenigevening we [return'd | returned]return'dreturned again
to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Whitefield[pers0038.ocp]s — —

[Thurdſday | Thursday]ThurdſdayThursday [Febr– | February]Febr–February 20[1766-02-20]

this is
the [illegible]Queen [Chalotte | Charlotte]ChalotteCharlotte[pers0818.ocp]s Birth Day,
was Conducted to St James's[place0458.ocp] where
the Royal Family and the Nobi­
lity were to be together to keep
a Joyful Day — but we were too
late, however we [above] SawSaw Some of the
Nobility In their Shining Robes
and a throng of People all [a
'round | a
, — the Sight of the Nobi­
lity put me in mind of Dives and

and the Rich [Gluton | glutton]Glutonglutton, and the
poor reminded me of [Larzerus | Lazarus]LarzerusLazarus
what great Difference there is
Between the Rich and the Poor —
and what [Diference | difference]Diferencedifference there will is
and will be, Between [illegible]Gods poor
and the Devils Rich [&c | etc.]&cetc.
o Lord God [Amighty | Almighty]AmightyAlmighty let not my
Eyes be [Dazled | dazzled]Dazleddazzled with the [gliter­
ing | glitter
Toys of this World, but let
[my | mine]mymine be [fixt | fixed]fixtfixed and my Soul Long
after [JX | Jesus Christ]JXJesus Christ who is the only Pearl
of great Price — This even
ing went into our [Houſe | house]Houſehouse whic[above] [illegible][guess (h-dawnd): h]h[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): h]h
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Whitefie[above] lld[pers0038.ocp] Provided for us
and all the Furniture [alſo | also]alſoalso
and a [Made | maid]Mademaid to wait on us —
[Bleſsed | Blessed]BleſsedBlessed be god, that he has
Sent he Dear Servant before,
us —

[Fryday | Friday]FrydayFriday [Febr | February]FebrFebruary 21[1766-02-21]:

was Con­
ducted to the Tower[place0622.ocp] Saw the
King[pers0305.ocp]s Lions [Tygers | tigers]Tygerstigers Wolf and

Leopards [&C | etc.]&Cetc. — —
Saw the King[pers0305.ocp]s Guns and the
[monoments | monuments]monomentsmonuments of [antient | ancient]antientancient Kings
on [Horſe | horse]Horſehorse Back and their Soldier[above] ss
on foot with their [Antient | ancient]Antientancient Ar­
mour of [Braſs | brass]Braſsbrass and Tin — —
[Din'd | dined]Din'ddined with [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Keen[pers0301.ocp], and then
went to a funeral, [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. White­
gave and Exhortation to
the People and then [Pray'd | prayed]Pray'dprayed
Saturday [Febr | February]FebrFebruary 22[1766-02-22] went to
See [Docr | Dr.]DocrDr. Burton[pers1034.ocp] a [Miniſter | minister]Miniſterminister
of the Church of Endgland[org0024.ocp], was
[Introduc'd | introduced]Introduc'dintroduced by [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Smith[pers0497.ocp] of [Boſ­
ton | Bos
, and the [Docr | Doctor]DocrDoctor[pers1034.ocp] was very
Kind, he [wou'd | would]wou'dwould have feign
[perſwaded | persuaded]perſwadedpersuaded me to ˄ Holier Orders
and I [modeſtly | modestly]modeſtlymodestly [toold | told]tooldtold him,
had no Such [vew | view]vewview when I Came
from Home, and added, I had
been Ordained Six Years in a
[Diſsenting | dissenting]Diſsentingdissenting way. —

this [after Noon | afternoon]after Noonafternoon [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Whitaker[pers0037.ocp] [& | and]&and I
went to wait upon [Docr | Dr.]DocrDr. Chandler[pers0120.ocp]
an[illegible] old [Diſenting | dissenting]Diſentingdissenting [Miniſter | minister]Miniſterminister, found
him very Careful in his own way
Gave us Advice not to own
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Whitefield[pers0038.ocp] a Friend either
to [Deſenters | Dissenters]DeſentersDissenters, or to the old Stand
ards of the Church of England[org0024.ocp]
[Promiſ'd | Promised]Promiſ'dPromised his Countenance to the
Affair we are upon —

Sabbath [Feb.r | February]Feb.rFebruary 23[1766-02-23]

in the [morng | morning]morngmorning
I heard [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Davis[pers0158.ocp] in the Tabernacle
in the [after noon | afternoon]after noonafternoon I heard [Dr | Dr.]DrDr. Gifford[pers0221.ocp]
in the Evening I [Preachd | preached]Preachdpreached at
[Dr | Dr.]DrDr. Gifford[pers0221.ocp]s — and [Lodg'd | lodged]Lodg'dlodged at his [H– | house]H–house
this Night —

Monday [Feb.r | February]Feb.rFebruary 24[1766-02-24]

went home
Early in the morning —

[Tueſday | Tuesday]TueſdayTuesday [F | February]FFebruary 25[1766-02-25]

[Din'd | dined]Din'ddined with [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday [Febr | February]FebrFebruary 26[1766-02-26]:

this [af­
ter noon | af
ter noon
went to See [Dr | Dr.]DrDr. Gibbons[pers0219.ocp]
an Independent [Miniſter | minister]Miniſterminister, [receiv'd | received]receiv'dreceived

us kindly[illegible] and [promiſ'd | promised]promiſ'dpromised to [aſsiſt | assist]aſsiſtassist
us according to his [Influance | influence]Influanceinfluence,
in our Great [Buſineſs | business]Buſineſsbusiness, —

[Thurſday | Thursday]ThurſdayThursday [Febr | February]FebrFebruary 27[1766-02-27]

[Preach'd | Preached]Preach'dPreached at
[Docr | Dr.]DocrDr. Conder[pers0137.ocp]'s Meeting [Houſe | house]Houſehouse,
went from the meeting to Sup
with [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Randal[pers0439.ocp], —
I have kept [Houſe | house]Houſehouse now a
bove a week by [reaſon | reason]reaſonreason of a
Cold I have — —

March 11: 1766[1766-03-11] on [wedneſday | Wednesday]wedneſdayWednesday

about a [Quater | quarter]Quaterquarter after 3 PM —
I was Inoculated by the [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev.
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Whitaker[pers0037.ocp] Near [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [G– | George]G–George
s Tabernacle[place0230.ocp]

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday March 13[1766-03-13]:

I was
violently [Shoikd | shocked]Shoikdshocked with the
working of [Phiſi[above] ccks | physic]Phiſi[above] ccksphysic was very

full of Pain all Day —
was kindly [viſited | visited]viſitedvisited by [genn | gentlemen]genngentlemen
and Ladies [Conſtantly | constantly]Conſtantlyconstantly — and
had two [Dors | doctors]Dorsdoctors to do for me —
on the [20th | 20th]20th20th of March[1766-03-20] I began
to Break out — and had it bu[above] tt
light — and was attended like
a Child by my Friends — I
[Cou'd'n't | couldn't]Cou'd'n'tcouldn't be taken Care of better
by my own Relations, I had
a very tender and [Carefull | careful]Carefullcareful
[Nureſe | nurse]Nureſenurse a Young woman —
and by the [firſt | first]firſtfirst Day of April[1766-04-01]
I was [Intirely | entirely]Intirelyentirely well, all my
Pock Dried up, and Scabs
[Dropt | dropped]Droptdropped off — O how great is
gods [gooddneſs | goodness]gooddneſsgoodness and Mercy
to me — O that god [wou'd | would]wou'dwould
enable me to live [Anſwera
ble | answera
to the mercies and fa­
vours I [injoy | enjoy]injoyenjoy — and that he
[wou'd | would]wou'dwould Cure my Soul of

all Spiritual [Diſeaſes | diseases]Diſeaſesdiseases by the
Blood of [JX | Jesus Christ]JXJesus Christ which [Cleanſeth | cleanses]Cleanſethcleanses
of from all [Polution | pollution]Polutionpollution
and that he [above] [woud | would]woudwould[woud | would]woudwould fit and prepare
me for [himſelf | himself]himſelfhimself

April 5[1766-04-05]

went to Some [Diſtan[above] cece | distance]Diſtan[above] cecedistance
from our [Houſe | house]Houſehouse

Sabbath April 6[1766-04-06]:

took my
[laſt | last]laſtlast [Phyſick | physic]Phyſickphysic after my Pox —
[Juſt | just]Juſtjust at Night My Lady
Came to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
s, and we were
[Introduc'd | introduced]Introduc'dintroduced to her by [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
and She is [moſ[above] tt | most]moſ[above] ttmost
Heavenly [above] womanwoman I believe in the
World, She [apears | appears]apearsappears like a
Mother in Israel indeed — a
woman of great Faith —

Monday April 7[1766-04-07]

[illegible] I went
about the City good Deal —
I am [above] NowNow Continually Invited by my
our Good Friends, —

[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): Fri]Fri[Th[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): u]urſday | Thursday]Th[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): u]urſdayThursday April 10[1766-04-10]

went [above] overover Thames[place0460.ocp]
with [Mrs | Mrs.]MrsMrs. Webber[pers1077.ocp] to a Private
Meeting — —

[Fryday | Friday]FrydayFriday April 11[1766-04-11]

went with
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Weekes[pers1078.ocp] to Meeting at the

[Sabath | Sabbath]SabathSabbath April 13[1766-04-13]:

[Preach'd | Preached]Preach'dPreached
at [Dr | Dr.]DrDr. Chandler[pers0120.ocp]'s —
and was very ill [a midſt | amidst]a midſtamidst
my [Diſcource | discourse]Diſcourcediscourse

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday April 16[1766-04-16]:

we [Din'd | dined]Din'ddined with [Docr | Dr.]DocrDr. [S[above] ttennet | Stennett]S[above] ttennetStennett[pers0518.ocp]
a [Paptiſt | Baptist]PaptiſtBaptist [Mineſter | minister]Mineſterminister, a very
worthy Man — and hearty
Friend to the [Buſineſs | business]Buſineſsbusiness we

are upon — V — —

[Turſday | Thursday]TurſdayThursday[above] [wedneſday | Wednesday]wedneſdayWednesday[wedneſday | Wednesday]wedneſdayWednesday April 23[1766-04-23]

we [Break
faſted | break
with [Dr | Dr.]DrDr. [Stennet | Stennett]StennetStennett[pers0518.ocp]

[Thurſday | Thursday]ThurſdayThursday April 24[1766-04-24]:

I went
to See [Dr | Dr.]DrDr. Condor[pers0137.ocp], a very
worthy [Miniſter | minister]Miniſterminister and a Hearty
Friend to the [Buſineſs | business]Buſineſsbusiness we
are upon, — and went
from the [Dr | Doctor]DrDoctor[pers0137.ocp]s to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Brew
s, and was very kindly
[receivd | received]receivdreceived — he is a warm [Sevt | servant]Sevtservant
of [JX | Jesus Christ]JXJesus Christ

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday April 22[1766-04-22]:

[Preach'd | Preached]Preach'dPreached in the Evening at
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Whitefield[pers0038.ocp]'s [Capel | chapel]Capelchapel[place0230.ocp], to a
great Multidtude, andthe
[Ld | Lord]LdLord was [preſent | present]preſentpresent with us
I hope —

Sabbath April 27[1766-04-27]:

In the
[Preach'd | Preached]Preach'dPreached at Little St [Hellens | Helen's]HellensHelen's[place0449.ocp]
[illegible][illegible] the [Davenſhare | Devonshire]DavenſhareDevonshire Square[place0442.ocp]
and I [S[illegible]omthing | something]S[illegible]omthingsomething of a freedom
in the [after Noon | afternoon]after Noonafternoon

Monday April 28[1766-04-28]

to See Several [Gentn | gentlemen]Gentngentlemen [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
gave me 4 Book for
my own [uſe | use]uſeuse — —
[Din'd | dined]Din'ddined with [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Barber[pers0075.ocp]
a good [Diſenting | dissenting]Diſentingdissenting [Miniſter | minister]Miniſterminister
then went with [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Whitaker[pers0037.ocp]
to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Bailey[pers0071.ocp]s, and [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
[Baptiz'd | baptized]Baptiz'dbaptized a Child
for him, — and then went

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday April 30[1766-04-30]

we went
to wait upon his grace the
[Arch Biſhop | Archbishop]Arch BiſhopArchbishop of Canterbury[pers1027.ocp]

and he [apear'd | appeared]apear'dappeared quite [a
greable | a
and Friendly —
In the evening I [Preach'd | preached]Preach'dpreached
at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Whitefield[pers0038.ocp]'s [Tarberna­
cle | Taberna
to a [Crouded | crowded]Croudedcrowded Audience
and I believe the [Ld | Lord]LdLord was
with us of a [trouth | truth]trouthtruth

[Thur[illegible]dsday | Thursday]Thur[illegible]dsdayThursday April[above] MayMay [1st | 1st]1st1st[1766-05-01]

[illegible][Dr | Dr.]DrDr. [Stennet | Stennett]StennetStennett[pers0518.ocp] [Introduc'd | introduced]Introduc'dintroduced
us to the [Arch Biſhop | Archbishop]Arch BiſhopArchbishop of
, and we found him
[a greable | agreeable]a greableagreeable Gentleman, and
and Friendly [Diſpoſ'd | disposed]Diſpoſ'ddisposed to
our [Cauſe | cause]Cauſecause, and [Promiſ'd | promised]Promiſ'dpromised to
do Something towards it — and
then went from there to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
[onſlow | Onslow]onſlowOnslow[pers1058.ocp]
an old [Genttleman | gentleman]Genttlemangentleman
from Speaker in the [Houſe | House]HouſeHouse
of [Commens | Commons]CommensCommons[org0156.ocp]
— he [apear'd | appeared]apear'dappeared

w very [Freindly | friendly]Freindlyfriendly to us [& | and]&and
was well [pleaſd | pleased]pleaſdpleased to [above] [Heer | hear]Heerhear[Heer | hear]Heerhear the Indi­
ans in America[place0003.ocp] were [In­
clind | in
to [receiv'd | received]receiv'dreceived the [Goſpel | Gospel]GoſpelGospel

Sabbath may 4[1766-05-04]:

[Preachd | Preached]PreachdPreached
at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Barber[pers0075.ocp]'s meeting
and had Some Freedom
in Speaking — and in
the [after noon | afternoon]after noonafternoon I [Preach'd | preached]Preach'dpreached
at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Britton[pers1029.ocp]s Meeting
a worthy [Baptiſt | Baptist]BaptiſtBaptist — to a
[Crouded | crowded]Croudedcrowded [Audiance | audience]Audianceaudience and the
[Ld | Lord]LdLord was with us in a
[meaſure | measure]meaſuremeasure — — —

Monday May 5[1766-05-05]

went out with [Dr | Dr.]DrDr. [Stenne[above] tt | Stennett]Stenne[above] ttStennett[pers0518.ocp]
but we were [Diſapointed | disappointed]Diſapointeddisappointed
in our [viſets | visits]viſetsvisits
and we went to [Sr | Sir]SrSir Charles
to return thanks

to him for generous Donation
to our [Buſineſs | business]Buſineſsbusiness — found him
full of god, his talk was no­
thing but about [Jeſus | Jesus]JeſusJesus [X | Christ]XChrist

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday May 7[1766-05-07]

we [Din'd | dined]Din'ddined
with a Number of [Miniſters | ministers]Miniſtersministers
and other Gentlemen at Bar­
bers Hall[place0438.ocp]
, and found many
gentlemen well [Diſpoſd | disposed]Diſpoſddisposed to­
wards our [Buſineſs | business]Buſineſsbusiness — —

[Thurſday | Thursday]ThurſdayThursday May 8[1766-05-08]:

we went
to Clapham[place0041.ocp], found Some Friends
and [oppoſition | opposition]oppoſitionopposition — — —

Sabbath may 11[1766-05-11]:

[Preach'd | Preached]Preach'dPreached
at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Brewer[pers0094.ocp]s to a [Crouded | crowded]Croudedcrowded
Audience, and the [Ld | Lord]LdLord gave
me freedom to Speak, and
the People attended with grea[above] tt
affection — [Praiſe | praise]Praiſepraise be to god —

In the evening I [Preachd | preached]Preachdpreached at
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Shillon[pers1068.ocp]'s to a [throng'd | thronged]throng'dthronged
Congregation, and there
was a Solemn [appearence | appearance]appearenceappearance
of the People. the was with
us, Glory be to his great
Name forever [& | and]&and ever —

Monday May 12[1766-05-12]

we wen[above] tt
to wait upon [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [onſlow | Onslow]onſlowOnslow[pers1058.ocp]
and he [appeard | appeared]appeardappeared very
Friendly to our [Buſineſs | business]Buſineſsbusiness
highly aproved of it —

T[illegible] [Tueſday | Tuesday]TueſdayTuesday[1766-05-13]

we [Dind | dined]Dinddined
with [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Savage[pers0465.ocp] — —

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday[1766-05-14]

I [Din'd | dined]Din'ddined with
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Moriſon | Morison]MoriſonMorison[pers1055.ocp]

[Thurſday | Thursday]ThurſdayThursday[1766-05-15]

we [Din'd | dined]Din'ddined with

Thornton[pers0541.ocp] at Clapham[place0041.ocp]
a Sincere [Chriſtian | Christian]ChriſtianChristian [Gentn | gentleman]Gentngentleman
and a Hearty Friend to
our [afaire | affair]afaireaffair, and will
[uſe | use]uſeuse his Influence — we
have Seen much of the
[goodneſs | goodness]goodneſsgoodness of god this week
thanks be to his holy [N– | name]N–name

[Fryday | Friday]FrydayFriday may 16[1766-05-16]:

in the [Evg | evening]Evgevening
[Preach'd | preached]Preach'dpreached at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Clarke[pers0129.ocp]s [& | and]&and
the gave me Some [Strenght | strength]Strenghtstrength
to Preach — and the People
were very attentive —

Saturday may 17[1766-05-17]

we went
to wait on [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Jackſon | Jackson]JackſonJackson[pers1048.ocp] the
Second time Met Some what
cold reception, —

Sabbath may 18[1766-05-18]:

[Preachd | Preached]PreachdPreached
at [Docr | Dr.]DocrDr. Gifford[pers0221.ocp]'s AM: with

Some freedom, in the after
[Preach'd | preached]Preach'dpreached at [Dr | Dr.]DrDr. [Stennet | Stennett]StennetStennett[pers0518.ocp]'s with
Strength, [beſsed | blessed]beſsedblessed be god for his
[Assiſtance | Assistance]AssiſtanceAssistance

[wedneſday | Wednesday]wedneſdayWednesday may 21[1766-05-21]:

I went to
See [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Romain[pers0456.ocp] was kindly
[receiv'd | received]receiv'dreceived by him, he is freer
man to talk about religion
at Heart than [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Whitfield | Whitefield]WhitfieldWhitefield[pers0038.ocp]
we came into the Town together
in a Coach — and then [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
Conducted me to a
[Baptiſt | Baptist]BaptiſtBaptist Meeting where there
was a Number of [Baptiſts | Baptists]BaptiſtsBaptists
[Miniſters | ministers]Miniſtersministers about 20 of them
after meeting I Dined with
them, and they were very
civil to me — and then I
[returnd | returned]returndreturned home —

[Thurſday | Thursday]ThurſdayThursday may 22[1766-05-22]:

went to
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Skinner[pers1070.ocp]'s then Home, and
from thence to a Meeting with
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Told[pers1074.ocp] and his Family
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Told[pers1074.ocp] [Preach'd | preached]Preach'dpreached, — returning
home we heard [illegible] a Man
and woman [killd | killed]killdkilled By the
Coach's [over Setting | oversetting]over Settingoversetting, and a
Cart [runing | running]runingrunning over them —
this Evening I was taken
with a v[above] iiolent Purging. —

[Fryday | Friday]FrydayFriday May 23[1766-05-23]

was very
Sick with a Sort of Bloody
and Kept me down a week
before I was able to go out —

Sabbath June 1[1766-06-01]

I was able
to go out to Preach in [Prea[above] chdchd | preached]Prea[above] chdchdpreached
[illegible]at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Bulkley[pers1032.ocp]'s a [Baptiſt | Baptist]BaptiſtBaptist [Mir | minister]Mirminister
and had but few hearers

In the [after Noon | afternoon]after Noonafternoon [Preachd | Preached]PreachdPreached
for [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Winter[pers1082.ocp] to a great
Congregation found [my
Self | my
but [week | weak]weekweak in Body —
this [weak | week]weakweek I was [Buſiy | busy]Buſiybusy. [geting | getting]getinggetting
ready to Send Some things to
my Children, S

Saturday June 7[1766-06-07]

I went
to [North Hampton | Northampton]North HamptonNorthampton[place0452.ocp], got there
[Juſt | just]Juſtjust before Night, and was
[receivd | received]receivdreceived with all [kindneſs | kindness]kindneſskindness

Sabbath June 8[1766-06-08].

[Preach'd | Preached]Preach'dPreached
to at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Riland[pers1065.ocp]'s Meeting [Ho | house]Hohouse
to a [throngd | thronged]throngdthronged Congregation, [& | and]&and
the [Ld | Lord]LdLord gave me Some [Streng[above] htht | strength]Streng[above] hthtstrength
and the People attended with
great Solemnity and Affectio[above] nn
and was told afterwards one
young Man was Converted
and hopefully Converted —

in the [after Noon | afternoon]after Noonafternoon [Preach'd | preached]Preach'dpreached
in Riland[pers1065.ocp]'s Yard to about
3000 [recken'd | reckoned]recken'dreckoned, — . —

Monday June 9[1766-06-09]:

[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Newton[pers0653.ocp]
of olney[place0453.ocp] about 15 miles off
Came to fetch me to his Place
after [Breakfaſt | breakfast]Breakfaſtbreakfast we [Sot | set]Sotset off [illegible]
[illegible]got rode in a [Poſt | post]Poſtpost [chace | chaise]chacechaise
there a little after 12: this
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Newton[pers0653.ocp] is a [Miniſter | minister]Miniſterminister of
the Church of England[org0024.ocp], he
was a Sailor, and god [mar
vellouſly | mar
[turn'd | turned]turn'dturned him and
he is a flaming Preachder
of the [Goſpel | Gospel]GoſpelGospel, — at Evening
I [Preach'd | preached]Preach'dpreached at one of the mee[above] tt
ings in the Place, to a [Croud | crowd]Croudcrowd
of People, — [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
's, — a Number of
good [above] peoplepeople live in this place bu[above] tt
very [above] poorpoor in this world —

[Tueſday | Tuesday]TueſdayTuesday June 10[1766-06-10]

[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Newton[pers0653.ocp]
and I took a walk towards
Northampton[place0452.ocp] about miles —
and there [Breakfaſted | breakfasted]Breakfaſtedbreakfasted, —
and there we parted he
went Back afoot, and I
went on [Horſe | horse]Horſehorse to [Northampn | Northampton]NorthampnNorthampton[place0452.ocp]
got there about 12: [Din'd | dined]Din'ddined
with [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Hextal[pers1044.ocp] one[illegible] of the
[Deſenting | dissenting]Deſentingdissenting [Miniſters | ministers]Miniſtersministers of the
place, — at 6 in the [Even-g | evening]Even-gevening
I [Preachd | preached]Preachdpreached the Meeting [Houſe | house]Houſehouse
where Great [Docr | Dr.]DocrDr. Doddrege[pers1037.ocp]
was [Miniſter | minister]Miniſterminister, and there was
a great [Concourſe | concourse]Concourſeconcourse of people
and attended with great
[Solmenity | solemnity]Solmenitysolemnity[Lodgd | Lodged]LodgdLodged at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
's — there [above] isis a number
of warm [Chriſtians | Christians]ChriſtiansChristians in this
Town —

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday June 11[1766-06-11]

got up
a little after 3 and was in
a Coach before 4: and [retur[above] ndnd | returned]retur[above] ndndreturned
to London[place0128.ocp] — Got there a little
after 6: — found my frien[above] dsds
well. Thanks be to god for
[above] hishis [goodneſs | goodness]goodneſsgoodness

Sabbath June 15[1766-06-15]:

[Preachd | Preached]PreachdPreached
in the Morning at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Bur­
's Meeting had Some free­
dom — in the [after Noon | afternoon]after Noonafternoon I
[preachd | preached]preachdpreached at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Pitts[pers1062.ocp], with
[Since | sense]Sincesense of Divine things in
the Evening [Pr[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): ea]eacd | preached]Pr[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): ea]eacdpreached at [Shake
ſpears | Shake
s walk[place0457.ocp]
— and [Supd | supped]Supdsupped
with [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. ware[pers1075.ocp]'s this Evening —

Monday [above] June 16[1766-06-16]June 16[1766-06-16]

wendt to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Thornton[pers0541.ocp]s
at Clapham[place0041.ocp] and was [Entertain[above] dd | entertained]Entertain[above] ddentertained
with all [Kindneſs | kindness]Kindneſskindness. he is a [genn | gentleman]genngentleman
of [emence | immense]emenceimmense [fotune | fortune]fotunefortune, and he is
the right Sorts of [Chriſtiens | Christians]ChriſtiensChristians
and a very Charitable man —

[Lodgd | Lodged]LodgdLodged with him this Night —

[Tueſday | Tuesday]TueſdayTuesday Morning[1766-06-17]

[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Thornton[pers0541.ocp]
took me in his Chariot and
[Caried | carried]Cariedcarried me to my Lodgings —

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday June 18[1766-06-18]:

I went
in the Morning to See [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
a [Baptiſt | Baptist]BaptiſtBaptist [miniſter | minister]miniſterminister
of Saffron Walden[place0455.ocp] [Breakfaſt[illegible][above] 'd'd | Breakfasted]Breakfaſt[illegible][above] 'd'dBreakfasted
with him —

W Thurdsday June 19[1766-06-19]

[Preach'd | Preached]Preach'dPreached in [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. John [Weſley | Wesley]WeſleyWesley[pers1080.ocp]'s
[Toundry | Foundry]ToundryFoundry[place0461.ocp] to a [Crouded | crowded]Croudedcrowded Au­
dience begun at 7 in the
Evening — — —

Saturday June 21[1766-06-21]:

[Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
and I went to
Saffron Walden[place0455.ocp] got there

before Night [Lodg'd | lodged]Lodg'dlodged at [Mrs | Mrs.]MrsMrs.
's —

Sabbath June 22[1766-06-22]:

to Meeting [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Whitaker[pers0037.ocp] P[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): d]d
and in the [after Noon | afternoon]after Noonafternoon I
[Preachd | preached]Preachdpreached to a [Crouded | crowded]Croudedcrowded Con
gregation, and I was very
[illegible]Poorly, but I [belive | believe]belivebelieve the
[Ld | Lord]LdLord was with us of a truth
and in the evening [Preachd | preached]Preachdpreached
again to great [Aſsembly | assembly]Aſsemblyassembly
and I had Some Strength,
and the People made a
Collection — —

Monday June 23[1766-06-23]

we [re­
turn'd | re
to London[place0128.ocp], got ther[above] ee
Some time before night —
The [Ld | Lord]LdLord be [Praiſd | praised]Praiſdpraised for all
his [goodneſs | goodness]goodneſsgoodness to us — —

this Evening I heard, the Stage
Players, had been [Minicking | mimicking]Minickingmimicking
of me in their Plays, lately —
I never thought I [Shou'd | should]Shou'dshould ever
Come that Honor, — o' god [wou[above] 'd'd | would]wou[above] 'd'dwould
give me [grearter | greater]greartergreater Courage —

[Thurdſday | Thursday]ThurdſdayThursday June 2[illegible]6[1766-06-26]

[Din'd | dined]Din'ddined with
Savage[pers0465.ocp], in the Evening was
[viſeted | visited]viſetedvisited by [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Furly[pers1040.ocp] a [Miniſter | minister]Miniſterminister
from [Yorkſhare | Yorkshire]YorkſhareYorkshire[place0464.ocp], one who [truely | truly]truelytruly
Loves the [Ld | Lord]LdLord [Jx | Jesus Christ]JxJesus Christ I believe —

[Fryday | Friday]FrydayFriday June 27[1766-06-27].

[Preach'd | Preached]Preach'dPreached
Early in the Morning at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
[Richadſon | Richardson]RichadſonRichardson[pers1064.ocp]
's Meeting,

Sabbath June 29[1766-06-29]:

[Preachd | Preached]PreachdPreached
at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Brewers[pers0094.ocp] in the [illegible]latter
Part of the Day to a [Crouded | crowded]Croudedcrowded
Congregation, and they th

made a Collection for us to
the amount of 100:.[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): 3]30.
the [Ld | Lord]LdLord reward them a many
fold in this life and in the
world to Come Life [everlaſ­
ting | everlas

Monday June 30[1766-06-30]

[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Smith[pers0497.ocp]
of [Boſton | Boston]BoſtonBoston[place0013.ocp] in America[place0003.ocp], and I
went Down the River Thames[place0460.ocp]
to [Shearneſs | Sheerness]ShearneſsSheerness[place0208.ocp] by the [Sea Side | seaside]Sea Sideseaside
near Sixty miles from London[place0128.ocp]
we went by water So far as [gra-[above] vesves
end | Graves
gra-[above] vesves
, a fine [Proſpect | prospect]Proſpectprospect we had
each Side of the River[place0460.ocp], flat
Land, and very Fruitful,
indeed it is like one [Continue[above] eded | continued]Continue[above] ededcontinued
garden — But the [maloncholy | melancholy]maloncholymelancholy
Sight was to See So many

Malefactors Hung up in Irons
by the River[place0460.ocp] — we took Coach
at Gravesend[place0444.ocp] to Chatham[place0441.ocp]
and then [wen | went]wenwent by water a
gain, and we [Sail'd | sailed]Sail'dsailed through
a great Number of Man of
War all the way to [Share­
neſs | Sheer
. Got there between and
eleven, —

[Tueſday | Tuesday]TueſdayTuesday, July 1[1766-07-01].

we went
all about [Shearneſs | Sheerness]ShearneſsSheerness[place0208.ocp], [vewing | viewing]vewingviewing
every thing we [Cou'd | could]Cou'dcould See, to­
wards night we went to Bath­
ing in Salt water, —

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday July 2[1766-07-02]:

we [re­
turn'd | re
went by water So far
as Chatham[place0441.ocp], and it [Rian'd | rained]Rian'drained
and [Thunder'd | thundered]Thunder'dthundered very hard —
while we were on the water

got to Chatham[place0441.ocp] about 9
and there took [Poſt | post]Poſtpost [Chaiſe | chaise]Chaiſechaise
and went on to London[place0128.ocp], got
there about 6, found my friends
well, and [receiv'd | received]receiv'dreceived Some Letters
from America[place0003.ocp] and by them
my family was well the 29
of April [laſt | last]laſtlast[1766-04-29]
[Bleſsed | Blessed]BleſsedBlessed be god
for his tender Mercies to me
and to mine, O that the [Ld | Lord]LdLord
[wou'd | would]wou'dwould teach us to be thankful
at all times —

Sabbath Junely 6[1766-07-06]:

[Preachd | Preached]PreachdPreached at
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Webb[pers1076.ocp]'s Meeting to a Small
Congregation — in the afternoon
I heard [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Preach, —

Monday June 7[1766-07-07]

I went to Clap­
to See [Esqr | Esq.]EsqrEsq. Thornton[pers0541.ocp], and
was very kindly [recev'd | received]recev'dreceived, after
Dinner [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Thornton[pers0541.ocp] and I went

in [Chace | chaise]Chacechaise to [gap: omitted] and
[illegible]ode all the [after Noon | afternoon]after Noonafternoon and
had very agreeable w ride —
and we had [a greable | agreeable]a greableagreeable [Con­
verſation | con
about religion
of [Jx | Jesus Christ]JxJesus Christ — — [Juſt | Just]JuſtJust at Night
[illegible]we went to See his Sister [above] [Willber– | Wilberforce]Willber–Wilberforce[Willber– | Wilberforce]Willber–Wilberforce[pers1081.ocp] at
[winbleton | Wimbledon]winbletonWimbledon[place0463.ocp], and they were
very urgent to have me
Stay there that Night, and
[Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged there —

[Tueſday | Tuesday]TueſdayTuesday Junely 8[1766-07-08]:

[Mrs | Mrs.]MrsMrs.
[Willberforce | Wilberforce]WillberforceWilberforce[pers1081.ocp] [Caried | carried]Cariedcarried me in [above] herher
Coach to London[place0128.ocp] — She is a
Sound [Chriſtian | Christian]ChriſtianChristian — in the [after
Noon | after
I [Din'd | dined]Din'ddined with [Miſs | Miss]MiſsMiss gideon[pers1041.ocp]
a [Jewis | Jewess]JewisJewess [illegible]by [Birt | birth]Birtbirth but a true
[Chriſtian | Christian]ChriſtianChristian, had a Sweet [Con­
verſation | con
with her — from
there went to See [Sr | Sir]SrSir Jame[pers1051.ocp]

Jay of new York[place0308.ocp] in [Ameria | America]AmeriaAmerica[place0003.ocp]
and then went [above] toto See [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Wint[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): forth]forth
worth | Went
Wint[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): forth]forth
of [illegible][Portſmouth | Portsmouth]PortſmouthPortsmouth[place0190.ocp] in Ame[illegible]rica[place0003.ocp]
and then went home —

[wedneſday | wednesday]wedneſdaywednesday July 9[1766-07-09]

went to
[viſeting | visiting]viſetingvisiting [a gain | again]a gainagain but found none
that I wanted to See —

[Thurdſday | Thursday]ThurdſdayThursday July 10[1766-07-10]

with [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Whitaker[pers0037.ocp] to Several
Places, and then went to
Stepney[place0224.ocp] and [Din'd | dined]Din'ddined with a
Number of [Miniſters | ministers]Miniſtersministers and
were very kindly [receivd | received]receivdreceived
by them — from thence I went
thome —

[Fryday | Friday]FrydayFriday July 11[1766-07-11]

went to [above] waitwait upon
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Penn[pers1060.ocp] but he was not at
Home and it [Thundred | thundered]Thundredthundered and
[rain'd | rained]rain'drained very hard in the [morn.g | morning]morn.gmorning
and [returnd | returned]returndreturned home again —

Sabbath July the 13[1766-07-13]

went in the
morning to Dodford[place0443.ocp] and at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
's Meeting, a good Purita
nical Independent, and we had
a very [Crouded | crowded]Croudedcrowded Audience, and
they made a Collection for us.
went Directly to London[place0128.ocp] and
[Preachd | preached]Preachdpreached at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Stafford[pers0515.ocp]'s [Meetg | meeting]Meetgmeeting
But it was not very [Crouded | crowded]Croudedcrowded
after Meeting went with one
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Cocks[pers1035.ocp] to Drink DTea and
while we were at Tea I [Se­
riouſly | se
[above] [aſ | as]aſas[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): k]kd[aſ | as]aſas[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): k]kd [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Cocks[pers1035.ocp], who was to
Preach at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [whitefields | Whitefield]whitefieldsWhitefield[pers0038.ocp]'s T.[place0230.ocp]
he with all gravity Said [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.
, [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Occom[pers0030.ocp]? Says I, Yes
Says he, I [kown | know]kownknow nothing of it
Say I again, it is So Conclud
ed Says he — So I [emediately | immediately]emediatelyimmediately
went and [Preachd | preached]Preachdpreached to a mul­
titude of People, and the [Ld | Lord]LdLord
gave me Some Strength

[Bleſseded | Blessed]BleſsededBlessed be his great Name

[Tueſday | Tuesday]TueſdayTuesday July 15[1766-07-15]

went to [Din'd | dined]Din'ddined
M[Docr | Dr.]DocrDr. Gifford[pers0221.ocp], after Dinner we[above] ntnt
with Sir James Jay[pers1051.ocp] to wait on
one [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Perſon | Person]PerſonPerson[pers1061.ocp], and Saw many
of [illegible] his [Curioſsities | curiosities]Curioſsitiescuriosities — and then
went home —

[Wedneſday | Wednesday]WedneſdayWednesday July 16[1766-07-16]:

in the
Evening [Preach'd | preached]Preach'dpreached at [Dr | Dr.]DrDr. Gifford[pers0221.ocp]s
Meeting — to a Small number
of People —

[Thuirdſday | Thursday]ThuirdſdayThursday July 17[1766-07-17]:

[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. W[pers0037.ocp].
and I went to Hitchin[place0101.ocp] in a
Stage Coach, about forty
Miles from London[place0128.ocp], got there
[Jut | just]Jutjust about 12. and were [re­
ceiv'd | re
with all [kindneſs | kindness]kindneſskindness by
our Friends — I [Lodgd | lodged]Lodgdlodged at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.

Thomas[pers1073.ocp]'s and [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. LWhitaker[pers0037.ocp]
[Lodg'd | lodged]Lodg'dlodged at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Wellſhare | Wellshare]WellſhareWellshare[pers1079.ocp]'s —

[Fryday | Friday]FrydayFriday July 18[1766-07-18]:

we w[Viſited | visited]Viſitedvisited
all Day at Hitchin[place0101.ocp]

Saturday July 19[1766-07-19]:

we went
to Southwell[place0459.ocp] I [Preach'd | preached]Preach'dpreached to a Small
number of People — the People
made a Collection for us
they a bCollected [a bout | about]a boutabout [£15 | £15]£15£15
[returnd | returned]returndreturned again in the Eve[above] nn
ing to Hitchin[place0101.ocp]

Sabbath July 20[1766-07-20]

I [Preachd | preached]Preachdpreached
in the Morning at [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Hick­
Man | Hick
's Meeting a very worthy
[Minſter | minister]Minſterminister of [Jx | Jesus Christ]JxJesus Christ, — and in the
[after Noon | afternoon]after Noonafternoon [Preach'd | preached]Preach'dpreached at
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. James[pers1049.ocp]'s a [Baptiſt | Baptist]BaptiſtBaptist [Min– | minister]Min–minister
and a very worthy Man —
the Meeting very Much [Crouded | crowded]Croudedcrowded

and as Soon as the meeting
was done — a [Poſt | post]Poſtpost [Chaiſe | chaise]Chaiſechaise
was re[above] aady for mey at the Door
and I went [Emediatly | immediately]Emediatlyimmediately to
Luton[place0451.ocp] about 9 Miles from
Hitchin[place0101.ocp], and in [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Hall[pers0240.ocp]'s
Meeting, to a great Multitude
and as Soon as the was done
I went Back to Hitchin[place0101.ocp]
got there about 10. —
the Lord gave me Some
[Since | sense]Sincesense of Divine Things
this Day, and gave me
Some Strength — Glory be to
his g[illegible]reat N[illegible]ame for his
[Condeſention | condescension]Condeſentioncondescension

Monday July 21[1766-07-21]

Back to London[place0128.ocp] — got there
about 5 PM

[Tueſday | Tuesday]TueſdayTuesday July 22[1766-07-22],

about to leave of my
good Friends and [wed­
neſday | Wed
and [thurſday | Thursday]thurſdayThursday to
Leave of my good Friends
[Heitherto | hitherto]Heithertohitherto the [Ld | Lord]LdLord helped
us and glory be to his
great and holy Name —

[note (type: editorial): blank page] [note (type: editorial): blank page] [note (type: editorial): blank page]
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Matth Meller[pers1054.ocp]
[Lennin | Linen]LenninLinen Draper Ro[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): [ſs | ss]ſsss][ſs | ss]ſsss
[Herrefor[illegible]d Shire | Herefordshire]Herrefor[illegible]d ShireHerefordshire[place0446.ocp]
[Briſtol | Bristol]BriſtolBristol[place0020.ocp], [Coriſpodent | Correspondent]CoriſpodentCorrespondent
[Mrs | Mrs.]MrsMrs. Sarah [Pearſe | Pearse]PearſePearse[pers1059.ocp]
[Mrs | Mrs.]MrsMrs. Mary Pollard[pers1063.ocp]

[note (type: editorial): blank page]
Letters Sent to America[place0003.ocp] [above] March 1766[1766-03]March 1766[1766-03]
 to [Mrs | Mrs.]MrsMrs. Occom[pers0029.ocp] — — — — 4
 to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Peck[pers0032.ocp] [above] [illegible][illegible] of [Boſton | Boston]BoſtonBoston[place0013.ocp] — — 1
 to [Mrs | Mrs.]MrsMrs. Wheatley[pers0574.ocp] [Boſton | Boston]BoſtonBoston[place0013.ocp] 1
 to a [Nergro | Negro]NergroNegro Girl [Boſton | Boston]BoſtonBoston 1
 to [Capt | Capt.]CaptCapt. Shaw[pers0477.ocp] [N. | New]N.New London[place0164.ocp] — 1
 to Jo Uppauquiyantup[pers0824.ocp] — 1
 to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Buell[pers0006.ocp] — — — — 1
 to [Mrs | Mrs.]MrsMrs. Tallmadge[pers1072.ocp] [& | and]&and Daughters. 2
 to Ben Hedges[pers1043.ocp] — 1
 to Loper[pers1052.ocp] — — — 1
 to Mulford[pers1056.ocp] — — 1
to [Mrs | Mrs.]MrsMrs. Occom[pers0029.ocp] April — 15 — 3[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): 2]2
to [Mrs | Mrs.]MrsMrs. Occom[pers0029.ocp] Ju[illegible]ne 2
to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. wWells[pers0565.ocp] New York[place0308.ocp] — — 1
to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Wood[pers0872.ocp] Shady Grove[place0456.ocp] — 1
to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Bruſh | Brush]BruſhBrush[pers1031.ocp] [Goſhen | Goshen]GoſhenGoshen[place0293.ocp] — 1

[Mrs | Mrs.]MrsMrs. Routledge[pers1067.ocp]s St Mart[illegible]
Legrand in Deans C[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): ourt]ourt

[note (type: editorial): blank page]
Connecticut Board of Correspondents of the Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge
The Connecticut Board of Correspondents of the SSPCK was founded in 1764 at Wheelock's request. He wanted a public board's support so that his school would seem more credible since it was a private organization with no charter. The Boston Board of the SSPCK would not do since they generally opposed Wheelock, so his solution was to petition the SSPCK for his own board. The SSPCK acquiesed, and the board met for the first time on July 4, 1764. While the board was nominally separate from Wheelock's school, in practice, he exercised considerable control over it. The members of the board were Wheelock's handpicked friends and supporters: Jonathan Huntington, Elisha Sheldon, Samuel Huntington, Solomon Williams, Joseph Fish, William Gaylord, Samuel Moseley, Benjamin Pomeroy, Richard Salter, Nathaniel Whitaker, David Jewett, and Wheelock himself. Wheelock used this board to send Occom and Whitaker to England, hold exams for Moor's Indian Charity School, and generally support his designs. When Wheelock moved to New Hampshire, he tried to establish a New Hampshire Board as well, but by that point the SSPCK was much more cautious when it came to Wheelock's plans and refused. The Connecticut Board dissolved in 1771 as Wheelock was its raison d'etre.
Church of England
The Church of England is the governing body of the Anglican Church in Britain and the Episcopalian Church in America. In the eighteenth century, the Church of England was at odds with the “dissenting” sects that had broken off from it during the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries, including the Congregationalists and Presbyterians. The divide continued in the colonies. The southern colonies (Virginia, Carolina, etc) and New York were predominantly Anglican, while the mid-Atlantic and New England colonies were home to an assortment of dissenting sects. Wheelock and Occom both had conflicts with Episcopalians. Wheelock feuded with the Anglican Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts (SPG), a functional arm of the Church of England, over access to the Six Nations (the other important Anglican missionary organization, the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, or SPCK, was more concerned with book distribution). Meanwhile, Episcopalian ministers in America ordained their own Indian minister and sent him to England prior to Occom’s 1765 fundraising tour to distract attention away from Occom. However, this Indian spoke no English and was not a success. Once in England, Occom met with a cool reception from Anglican clergy, and Occom doubted their sympathy for the Indian cause. He wrote, "they never gave us one single brass farthing. It seems to me that they are very indifferent whether the poor Indians go to Heaven or Hell. I can’t help my thoughts; and I am apt to think they don’t want the Indians to go to Heaven with them" (quoted J. Brooks 86-87). In the broader history of Moor’s Indian Charity School, notable Anglicans include George Whitefield, the famous New Light preacher, and Sir William Johnson, the Superintendent for British Indian Affairs in the North East. Anglican influence, especially via Sir William Johnson, was a large part of the reason why the Mohawks sided with the British during the Revolution.
House of Commons
The House of Commons, also called the Commons, is the popularly elected legislative body of the bicameral British Parliament. The House of Lords is the other body of the British government, though the term "Parliament" is often used to refer solely to the House of Commons. Its origins date from the 1250s, when property owners began sending representatives to Parliament to present grievances and petitons to the king. These representatives, mostly knights and burgesses (or commoners) started to meet in a chamber separate from the one used by nobles and high clergy (the lords). The House of Commons was initially less powerful than that of the Lords, but its powers have gradually increased over time. It is the legislative authority in Great Britain with the power to originate laws, impose taxes, and vote subsidies; its acts are not subject to judicial review.

The first English immigrant to settle on a peninsula in a harbor on the northeastern coast of North America the local Algonquin Indians called "Shawmet" was William Blackstone in 1629. A year later, John Winthrop arrived with a group of English Puritans and other settlers and named the area Boston after his hometown in Lincolnshire, England. The colony quickly developed representative political institutions that would help shape a democratic nation. Over the next few centuries, Boston emerged as an intellectual and educational center, and, because of its excellent harbor, became a leading commercial hub and a primary port for North America. It is the capital and largest city of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, and the largest city in New England. Boston was the home for the Boards of Commissioners of several overseas religious societies who sent missionaries throughout the colonies in the 18th century, and was the site of many important events of the American Revolution.


A city in the southwest of England. In the mid-18th century, Bristol became England's second biggest city due to its thriving importation of sugar cane, tobacco, rum, and cocoa, all products of the slave trade. Its affluence made it an important and lucrative stop for Occom and Whitaker on the fundraising trip to the west of England.


A district in southwest London, England, in the Borough of Lambeth, known for its large green space, Clapham Common. Originally a Saxon village, it began to grow in the late 17th century as refugees poured in from the Great Plague of London in 1665 and the Great Fire of 1666. By the late 18th century, it became a fashionable location for the rich, who wanted to live in a rural setting close to the amenities of the city.


Exton, Somerset is a village located in the southwest region of England. Somerset borders Bristol, Gloucester, Wiltshire, Dorset, and Devon counties. In a letter to Whitaker, Thomas Ludlow refers to the town of Exon, which is most likely Exton, Somerset, given its proximity to Bristol (where the letter was written). Furthermore, there is speculation that the Somerset dialect favored the pronunciation Exon over Exton. Exton was one intended stop on Occom and Whitaker's fundraising tour of England.

Great Britain
Bethlehem Royal Hospital

Mohegan is a village in southeastern Connecticut at the site of the present-day town of Montville, and is the location of the Mohegan Indian Reservation. The village gets its name from the Mohegan Tribe, or wolf people, who split from the Pequots in the early 17th century under the leadership of the sachem Uncas. In the 1720s, the Mohegans requested the colony of Connecticut provide them with an English educator. An English minister and schoolteacher named John Mason (no relation to Captain John Mason) moved to Mohegan in order to provide English-styled education to the Mohegans, convinced his sponsors, the New England Company, to build a schoolhouse at Mohegan, which eventually served as a boarding school for other Native American children from the surrounding area. During the 17th century, the Mohegan Tribe became embroiled in a complicated controversy over control of Mohegan land — known as the Mason Land Case or, more specifically, Mohegan Indians v. Connecticut — that included the village of Mohegan. The Tribe claimed that it never authorized a transfer of their lands, held in trust by the Mason family, to the colonial government. In 1662, the colony of Connecticut was incorporated by a royal charter, which included the disputed tribal land. The land controversy was revived in 1704 when descendants of John Mason, the original trustee, petitioned the Crown on behalf of the Mohegans, but the suit was finally decided against the Tribe in 1773. Born in Mohegan, Occom became involved in the Mason Land Case and vehemently argued for the rights of the Mohegan Indians to maintain their land, opposing Eleazar Wheelock and other ministers in the area. Although Occom left Mohegan for a 12-year mission with the Montauk Indians of Long Island, he returned at the end of 1763 with his large family to build a house in Mohegan, establishing it as his base of operations. Even after the creation of the Brothertown settlement in Oneida country, for which he served as minister, Occom continued to commute back and forth from Mohegan; he didn't sell his house in Mohegan and move his family to Brothertown until 1789. Many members of his family remained in Mohegan, including his sister Lucy Tantaquidgeon, who lived there until her death at 99 in 1830.


The capital and largest city of the United Kingdom, London is located in the southeastern region of England along the Thames River. The outpost that would become London originated as a military storage post for the Romans when they invaded Britain in the year 43. It soon developed as a trading center and financial hub for Roman Britain. During a revolt against the Romans in 61, London was burned to the ground; the rebuilt town appeared in Tacitus’s Annals as Londinium. With the decline of the Roman Empire in the 4th century, Londinium became a Saxon trading town. Following the Norman Conquest, London retained its central political and commercial importance. In the 14th century, under Edward II, Westminster became an administrative center and London became the capital of England. In the early 18th century, London was an important hub for evangelical Christianity and home to many influential people, like the charismatic Anglican minister, George Whitefield, who were sympathetic to Wheelock’s missionary endeavors. Occom arrived in London in February 1766 on his fundraising tour for Wheelock’s school and preached his first sermon at Whitefield’s Tabernacle. London would be Occom’s home base for the next two years, as he and Whitaker travelled throughout England and Scotland. Occom made many friends in London who would continue to support him after his break with Wheelock and the School. By the late 18th century, London had replaced Amsterdam as the center of world commerce, a role it would maintain until 1914.

New London

New London is a city located in southeastern Connecticut along an estuary of the Atlantic Ocean called Long Island Sound. The area that would become New London was inhabited by the Pequots who called it Nameaug when the Europeans arrived in North America. Pequot villages bordered Long Island Sound and the Tribe had authority over the neighboring Tribes of the Mohegans and Niantics (all Algonquian-speaking tribes). The Dutch first explored this land in 1614 and established trade with the Native peoples, but the English soon gained possession of the land east of the Hudson in the 1630s. English animosity toward their Indian neighbors led to the Pequot War (1634-38), part of which took place in the present city of New London. The Pequots lost the war and their population deteriorated due to the violence and disease. The General Court of Massachusetts granted John Winthrop possession of Pequot territory in 1644 after which it was to be opened for settlement. By 1646, which is considered the official year of its founding, New London had permanent colonial inhabitants and municipal laws, and jurisdiction was granted to the colony of Connecticut in 1647. In 1658, the inhabitants renamed the town New London after London, England. New London was the colony of Connecticut’s first trading port and was a hub of trade with the West Indies and other colonies. Though initially part of the town of New London when it was first settled by the colonists, Groton, Montville, and Waterford were each separated from New London in 1705, 1786, and 1801 respectively. Present-day Salem was also part of New London when it was settled, but in 1819, it became a separate incorporated town composed of parts of Lyme, Colchester, and Montville. Occom kept a school in New London in the winter in 1748. New London was the home of Captain Nathaniel Shaw, one of the wealthiest merchants in the area, who gave money to Occom in the 1750s for the missionary cause and also sold materials to Occom for the building of his home. However, their positive relationship ended when Shaw refused to provide supplies for Mary Occom while Occom was in England. New London served as the port from which Occom and other missionaries traveled to reach Long Island. During the American Revolution, New London’s location and its status as a seaport made it both vulnerable to invasion and integral to colonial naval operations as well as the exchange of prisoners.New London was incorporated as a city in 1784.

New York City

Portsmouth is a city located in southeastern New Hampshire. Europeans began settling along the Piscataqua River in 1623. By 1640, the first four plantations, or towns, in what is now the state of New Hampshire — Dover, Portsmouth, Exeter, and Hampton — were settled by the British. In the wake of this influx, native settlements, specifically that of the Abanakis who historically fished and hunted in Portsmouth, were largely reduced by disease and war. Originally called Strawbery Banke, the settlement was renamed in 1653 in honor of Captain John Mason (not to be confused with the John Mason of the Mason Land Case) who hailed from Portsmouth, England. Located along the Atlantic Ocean and the Piscataqua River, Portsmouth quickly became a regional center for trade and served as New Hampshire’s colonial capital from 1679 until the middle of the American Revolution. Following Queen Anne’s War, American colonists and the Wabanaki Confederacy of Native Americans signed an agreement in Portsmouth called The Portsmouth Indian Treaty of 1713 establishing peace between colonists and surrounding Native Americans. In 1763, Wheelock went to Portsmouth to solicit money for the funding of his school, and in 1765, Occom and Whitaker accompanied him to Portsmouth to fundraise for their trip to England.


Stepney is a district between the Thames River and Mile End Road in the East End of London that developed out of Stibenhede, a medieval village surrounding St. Dunstan’s Church. Because of its docks and Mile End Road, a busy thoroughfare running east from London, Stepney expanded in the 16th century, and in the 17th century, it became a locus for Protestant dissenters, independents, and separatists who were forced to meet outside London. In 1644, a congregation of dissenters began to meet in the area and created the Stepney Meeting in 1674, also known as the Broad Street Church, which became the largest dissenting congregation in London. From 1746 until 1796, Reverend Samuel Brewer, a close associate of George Whitefield and a popular figure in London religious circles, preached at Stepney Meeting. In 1765, Brewer was one of the eminent clergymen who welcomed Occom and Whitaker to London during their fundraising tour, using Stepney Meeting as a base to connect Occom to other area churches. While in London, Occom preached at Stepney Meeting several times to crowded audiences and raised a significant amount of money for Wheelock’s school. Today, Stepney is a working-class, immigrant neighborhood home to many post-war tower blocks and housing estates.

Tabernacle at Moorfields

The Tabernacle at Moorfields was George Whitefield’s first London church, built in 1741, two years after his return from North America. When touring abroad, Whitefield preached to crowds too large for any existing church, so he held outdoor revivals. This practice, combined with his zealous preaching style, spurred the First Great Awakening. Upon returning to London, the Anglican-ordained Whitefield found most church doors closed to him because his methods and theology had become controversial with the Church of England. As a result, Whitefield began delivering outdoor sermons in London, preaching in Moorfields, one of the city’s last open spaces. At the same time, John Wesley, who converted Whitefield to Methodism during their time at Oxford, opened the Moorfields Foundry, where he also preached to large crowds. After preaching in America, however, Whitefield moved closer to Calvinism, which deviated from Wesleyan doctrine. Although he occasionally preached at the Foundry and avoided a public break with John Wesley and his brother Charles, Whitefield found it necessary to build his own church in 1741. The first building was a temporary wooden structure, named for the tabernacle the Israelites built and carried through the wilderness. In 1753, this makeshift structure was replaced by a brick one that could hold up to 4,000 people, and was the spectacular setting for Occom’s first sermon in England, in February of 1766, as well as the site of his smallpox inoculation that March. Occom preached several more times to huge crowds accommodated by the Tabernacle. Robert Keen and Daniel West, who managed the Tabernacle for many years, took its helm upon Whitefield’s death in 1770. The Tabernacle was replaced by a smaller stone structure in 1868, which no longer stands. Today, London’s Tabernacle Street runs by the former site of Whitefield’s Moorfield church.


Goshen is a town located in the Northwest Hills in Litchfield County, Connecticut, first settled by the British colonists in 1738 and incorporated in 1739. In the 18th century, Goshen was a farming town and soon became successful producing musket rifles for the colonists during the American Revolution. In 1765, Occom wrote a sermon in Goshen that is an exegesis on Ezekiel 33:11, specifically dealing with the choices of sinners and the death of the wicked.

Lands End
Tottenham Court Road Chapel

Tottenham Court Road Chapel

Tower of London
Parliament House
Westminster Abbey
the Foundry
Thames River
St. James's
Little St. Helens
Devonshire Square
Barber's Hall
Shakespeares Walk
Saffron Walden
Shady Grove
Occom, Samson

Samson Occom was a Mohegan leader and ordained Presbyterian minister. Occom began his public career in 1742, when he was chosen as a tribal counselor to Ben Uncas II. The following year, he sought out Eleazar Wheelock, a young Anglo-American minister in Lebanon, CT, in hopes of obtaining some education and becoming a teacher at Mohegan. Wheelock agreed to take on Occom as a student, and though Occom had anticipated staying for a few weeks or months, he remained with Wheelock for four years. Occom’s academic success inspired Wheelock to open Moor’s Indian Charity School in 1754, a project which gave him the financial and political capital to establish Dartmouth College in 1769. After his time with Wheelock, Occom embarked on a 12-year mission to the Montauk of Long Island (1749-1761). He married a Montauk woman, Mary Fowler, and served as both teacher and missionary to the Montauk and nearby Shinnecock, although he was grievously underpaid for his services. Occom conducted two brief missions to the Oneida in 1761 and 1762 before embarking on one of the defining journeys of his career: a fundraising tour of Great Britain that lasted from 1765 to 1768. During this journey, undertaken on behalf of Moor’s Indian Charity School, Occom raised £12,000 (an enormous and unanticpated amount that translates roughly to more than two-million dollars), and won wide acclaim for his preaching and comportment. Upon his return to Mohegan in 1768, Occom discovered that Wheelock had failed to adequately care for his family while he was gone. Additionally, despite the vast sums of money that he had raised, Occom found himself unemployed. Wheelock tried to find Occom a missionary position, but Occom was in poor health and disinclined to leave his family again after seeing the treatment with which they had met while he was in Britain. Occom and Wheelock’s relationship continued to sour as it became apparent to Occom that the money he had labored to raise would be going towards infrastructure at Dartmouth College, Wheelock’s new project, rather than the education of Native Americans. After the dissolution of his relationship with Wheelock, Occom became increasingly focused on the needs of the Mohegan community and increasingly vocal in criticizing Anglo-Americans’ un-Christian treatment of Native Americans. In September of 1772, he delivered his famous “Sermon on the Execution of Moses Paul,” which took Anglo-American spiritual hypocrisy as one of its major themes, and which went into four printings before the end of the year. In 1773, Occom became further disillusioned when the Mason Land Case was decided in favor of the Colony of Connecticut. The details of the Mason Case are complicated, but to summarize: the Colony of Connecticut had gained control of Mohegan land early in the 18th century under very suspect circumstances, and successfully fended off the Mohegan’s 70-year-long legal challenge. The conclusion of the case came as a blow to the Mohegans, and further convinced Occom of Anglo-American corruption. Along with David Fowler (Montauk Tribe), Occom's brother-in-law, and Joseph Johnson (Mohegan), Occom's son-in-law, Occom helped found Brothertown, an Indian tribe formed from the Christian Mohegans, Pequots, Narragansetts, Montauks, Tunxis, and Niantics. They eventually settled in Oneida country in upstate New York. Occom moved there with his family in 1789, spending the remaining years of his life serving as a minster to the Brothertown, Stockbridge, and Mohegan Indians. Harried by corrupt land agents, the Brothertown and Stockbridge groups relocated to the eastern shore of Lake Winnebago, though Occom died in 1792 before he could remove himself and his family there. Occom's writings and legacy have made him one of the best known and most eminent Native Americans of the 18th century and beyond.

Wheatley, Phillis

Phillis Wheatley is the first African-American woman to publish her writing. Born in West Africa around 1753, she was brought to America as a slave when she was eight. She was purchased by John Wheatley, a Boston merchant, as a servant for his wife, Susanna; they named her Phillis after the ship that transported her. The Wheatley children tutored Phillis, who was an avid student and quickly learned to read Greek and Latin classics as well as the Bible. Recognizing her abilities, the Wheatley family curtailed Wheatley's household duties and encouraged her reading. The Wheatleys supported the Revolutionary cause, as well as the same evangelical and missionary movements as Wheelock. Wheatley began writing elegies, occasional poems, and poems with religious and political themes in the Augustan style, several addressed to famous men of the time, which brought her acclaim. In 1770, she wrote a tribute to the English evangelical preacher George Whitefield, and in 1775 she wrote "To his Excellency George Washington," then general of the Continental Army, which solicited an invitation to visit him in Cambridge. Occom corresponded with Susanna Wheatley, who supported his activities, and from those letters we know that Wheatley and Occom also corresponded, as early as 1765. The only surviving letter of that correspondence, which was reprinted in several New England newspapers, is by Wheatley and dated February 11, 1774, in which she deplores the practice of slavery and points out the hypocrisy of Americans’ demands for freedom. Despite her renown, Bostonians doubted that a young slave girl could write poetry, and in 1772, the Wheatleys invited a group of illustrious men to "examine" Phillis, including Reverend Charles Chauncy, John Hancock, Thomas Hutchinson, the Royal governor of Massachusetts, and his lieutenant governor, Andrew Oliver, who was also treasurer of the Boston Board of the New England Company, which funded some of Wheelock's endeavors. Not finding a publisher, she traveled to England where she was supported by the Countess of Huntingdon and the Earl of Dartmouth, a member of the English Trust that handled the funds raised for Wheelock's School by Occom. "Poems on Various Subjects Religious and Moral" appeared in 1773. Freed in 1778, Wheatley married a free black man named John Peters. They struggled with poverty, and lost two children in infancy. Shortly after Peters was imprisoned for debt in 1784, Wheatley and her third infant child died; there is evidence that she had written another volume of poetry, but it has never been found.

Whitaker, Nathaniel

Nathaniel Whitaker was an outspoken Presbyterian minister with a long and wide-ranging career. Between his ordination in 1755 and his death in 1795, Whitaker ministered to five different congregations. His longest tenure was at Chelsea, CT (near Norwich), from 1761-1769, during which he joined Occom on his two-and-a-half-year fundraising tour of Britain. While in Chelsea, Whitaker was very involved in Wheelock's project. The two engaged in frequent correspondence, and Whitaker served on Eleazar Wheelock's Board of Correspondents in Connecticut, as well as on the Board of Trustees of Moor's Indian Charity School. At one time, he was Wheelock's presumed successor, but Dartmouth's Trustees demanded that Wheelock appoint another. Wheelock, in part due to his strongly-held belief that Native Americans were childlike and rash, was convinced that Occom needed an Anglo-American supervisor on his fundraising tour. After several candidates turned down the job, Wheelock selected Whitaker. He proved to be a poor choice; he was, by many accounts, a difficult man to get along with, and many of Wheelock’s British allies, including George Whitefield and the English Trust (the organization that took control of the money Occom raised in England) preferred to deal with Occom, although Whitaker insisted on handling the tour’s logistics. Furthermore, in Britain, Occom was the obvious star of the tour, and it was unclear to many why Whitaker asserted himself so prominently. Whitaker’s poor decisions seriously alienated the English Trust and increased their suspicion of Wheelock’s later dealings and treatment of Occom. He gave the English Trust the impression that they would have control over money raised in Scotland (which was in fact lodged with the parent organization of the SSPCK), and he was the executor of the “Eells Affair,” a plan initiated by the CT Board of the SSPCK to bring the money that Occom and Whitaker raised back to the colonies by investing it in trade goods and selling them at a profit (Eells was one of the merchants who was to help with the resale of goods). The English Trust learned about the plan by reading letters that Whitaker had given them permission to open in his absence, and were immediately shocked. The wording of certain letters made it appear that only a percentage of the profit from the resale of the goods would go towards Moor’s Indian Charity School, but beyond that detail, the English Trust was scandalized at the thought of money raised for charity being invested in trade. The English Trust blamed Whitaker entirely for these affairs, and issued specific instructions for Occom to notarize all documents requiring Whitaker’s signature. In short, they wanted Occom to supervise Whitaker, when Wheelock had envisioned the opposite relationship (both Occom and Whitaker seem to have ignored their instructions, preferring to have as little contact with one another as possible). In 1769, a year after his return to Connecticut in 1768, Whitaker found himself dismissed by his Chelsea congregation (likely because he had spent two and a half years away from them). He went on to serve several more congregations before his death in 1795. Whitaker was an outspoken Whig, and during the Revolution he published several pamphlets on his political opinions.

Peck, Moses

Watchmaker Moses Peck took collections for Occom, and Wheelock had an account with him that involved shipping items to Lebanon and debits/credits for funding Occom. It is possible that Peck was Occom’s credit source in Boston. He was enthusiastic about and involved in the Indian education mission, and offered Wheelock advice about how to deal with Anglicans. Wheelock had Peck print his brief defense of Occom to counter the London Society’s rumors. Peck paid to send his son Elijah to school with Wheelock, although Elijah eventually failed his graduation examinations.

Marshall, John
Williams, John
Bromfield, Thomas
Whitefield, George

George Whitefield, the English itinerant preacher who helped spark the Great Awakening, was an essential supporter of Eleazar Wheelock’s project. Whitefield studied at Pembroke College, Oxford, where he met the pioneers of Methodism, John and Charles Wesley. He was ordained in 1736, and he made the first of his seven trips to America two years later. While abroad in 1740, Whitefield founded an orphanage in Georgia, and went on a preaching tour during which he met Wheelock and spread ideals that prompted the Great Awakening. Although Whitefield was ordained in the Church of England, his enthusiastic preaching style and charismatic personality made him a controversial figure, and traditional clergyman on both sides of the Atlantic censured him. Nonetheless, he continued to be an important contact and friend of Wheelock’s, and his dedication to Wheelock’s vision was evident. He contributed money to the cause, secured various other funders, and donated an eighty-pound prayer bell to the school. More importantly, Whitefield not only suggested to Wheelock the idea of a fundraising tour in Great Britain, he hosted Occom and Whitaker shortly after they arrived in England, provided a house for them to reside in for the remainder of their tour, and introduced the pair to influential figures such as William Legge, the Earl of Dartmouth. Whitefield tabernacle’s was the setting of Occom’s first sermon in England on February 16, 1766, and many believe that Whitefield wrote the introduction to a pamphlet printed in London during the campaign (although he was not credited). Whitefield continued to be involved in Wheelock’s work until he died in Newburyport, MA in September of 1770.

Legge, William

William Legge, the second Earl of Dartmouth, was the reluctant namesake of Dartmouth College. Like many of his countrymen, Legge became involved in Eleazar Wheelock’s plans through George Whitefield, the famous evangelical who introduced Samson Occom and Nathaniel Whitaker to Legge shortly after the pair’s February 1766 arrival in London. Legge proved critical in promoting Occom’s tour among the nobility, and took on a logistical role by helping to collect and oversee donations. Although Legge and Whitefield both felt it would be best if Wheelock were in total control of the funds raised in England, Occom eventually collected so much money that a formal trust was necessary to preserve propriety. This trust was formed in late 1766, with Legge as its president, to guarantee that Wheelock used the money appropriately. It soon proved that the Trust and Wheelock had different ideas as to what was, in fact, appropriate, but they were largely able to cooperate until 1769, when Wheelock obtained a charter for his school without informing the trust. (The trust, feeling that a charter would obviate its control over the British funds, had vehemently opposed it.) Adding insult to injury, Wheelock named the resulting institution Dartmouth—again without consulting Legge, and perhaps more to reassure the multitudes who had donated money than to honor the Earl. Legge never wrote to Wheelock again. Outside of his involvement with Wheelock, Legge had a brief political career. Although he was generally more concerned with religious and philanthropic matters, his station and connections (he was the step-brother of Frederick North, who was prime minister from 1770 to 1782) led him to take his first political post in 1765 as a member of the Board of Trade. During his tenure (1765-1767), and again while he was Secretary of State for the Colonies (1772-1775), Legge’s search for cooperative solutions proved unsuccessful during the build-up to the Revolution. His later positions were primarily ceremonial.

Savage, Samuel

Samuel Savage was a London merchant and a member of the English Trust, the body formed to oversee money raised by Samson Occom and Nathaniel Whitaker in England between 1766 and 1768. His shop was on Gun Street, in Spitalfields, and he was likely a weaver. Few other personal details are known. Like most of Eleazar Wheelock’s English contacts, Savage was a follower of the evangelical George Whitefield, transatlantic celebrity of the First Great Awakening, and it was through Whitefield that Savage became involved in Wheelock’s initial attempts to gain a charter in the 1760s. Once Occom and Whitaker arrived in London in February 1766, Savage was part of the informal committee that handled their correspondence and suggested targets for fundraising. He was also made a member of the Trust when it was formally established in 1766. Savage, like John Thornton, continued to provide Wheelock with financial support after the fund was exhausted in 1775. Although most of the Englishmen who worked with Whitaker and Occom found Whitaker insufferable and praised Occom, Savage displayed a marked preference for Whitaker. Like Wheelock, he was worried that Occom would become prouder than he thought was appropriate for an Indian, and he expressed concerns that Whitaker had not been paid enough to compensate for his long absence from his family (no similar concerns about Occom’s family were voiced). Since Savage’s views on Occom were very close to the New England norm and represent a deviation from most Englishmen’s views, one is tempted to conclude that he had spent time in America or had been born there, but that is pure conjecture.

Fothergill, John
Gifford, Andrew

Andrew Gifford was the leading Baptist minister in England in the 18th century. He was born in Bristol, the son of Emmanuel Gifford (1673–1723), a Baptist minister, and his wife, Eleanor Lancaster (1662–1738); and grandson of Andrew Gifford, also a Bristol Baptist minister. He served as a Baptist minister in Nottingham (1725–1726) and Bristol (1727-1729). In January 1730, Gifford became Baptist minister at Little Wild Street, London, but was ostracized because of charges of sodomy that were never proven, and in 1736, he formed a new congregation in Eagle Street, where he remained as pastor for the rest of his life. Also a noted coin collector, he was a fellow of the Society of Antiquaries and was appointed assistant librarian in the British Museum in 1757. With the fortune of his second wife, Gifford encouraged an educated Baptist ministry through his support of Bristol Baptist College. His unusual combination of Calvinist theology with evangelical passion made him a partisan of George Whitefield, whose "Eighteen Sermons" (1771) Gifford edited; it was a volume that sold widely in England and America. He also supported Wheelock's missionary efforts; in his "Narrative" for June 1764, Wheelock records that Gifford sent the school “a neat Pair of Globes, and a valuable Collection of Books," and appeals to him for help in advancing the School's interests in London. Gifford was one of several prominent clergymen who befriended Occom and Whitaker on their fundraising tour in England. Occom records hearing Gifford preach, preaching at his church, and dining and lodging at his house. A measure of Occom's affection for Gifford is that he and Mary Occom named their youngest son Andrew Gifford (b 1774 in Mohegan).

Frederick, George William

George William Frederick (King George III) became heir to the throne of England in 1751 upon the death of his father Frederick, Prince of Wales. He became King George III of England in the fall of 1760 at age 22, following the death of his grandfather King George II. George III passed many important edicts during his reign including that of the Royal Marriage Act of 1772; the Treaty of Paris in 1762, which ended the Seven Years War; the Stamp Act of 1765; and the Townshend Duties of 1767. However, he is most well-known for being the reigning monarch during the Revolutionary War. After the surrender of British forces to the Americans in 1782, George III considered abdicating the throne, but chose not to do so because he felt it would be too detrimental to Britain. The last 30 years of George's life were plagued with illness. In 1788 he had the first of many attacks of insanity, now believed to have been caused by an inherited disease known as porphyria. With George III unfit to rule, it was decided that his son George would become regent, an arrangement which was made permanent in 1810. King George III died on January 29, 1820 at the age of 81 after a reign of nearly 60 years (the third longest in British history). He was succeeded by his son George IV.

Legge, Frances Catherine (née Nicholl)
Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Keen, Robert

Robert Keen was a London wool merchant and an ardent supporter of George Whitefield, the eminent evangelical. Although it is unclear when Keen and Whitefield first came into contact, by the 1760s Whitefield was writing to Keen frequently. In 1763, Keen, along with Daniel West, was given the task of managing Whitefield’s religious enterprises in London (specifically, his Tottenham Court Chapel and the Tabernacle, another London church), which they continued to do after Whitefield’s death. Keen was also one of the four executors of Whitefield’s affairs in England (along with West and Charles Hardy). As a result of his relationship with Whitefield, Keen was introduced to Occom and Whitaker upon their arrival in February 1766. He was a member of the informal committee that collected donations before October 1766 and provided Occom and Whitaker with advice on their route and strategies. Keen also became a member of the English Trust, the formal organization formed in October 1766 to safeguard donations. As secretary and deputy treasurer of the Trust, Keen played an important role in transmitting accounts and correspondence between the Trust and Wheelock during the tour and the long process of Wheelock’s relocation to New Hampshire. Along with fellow Trust members Samuel Savage and John Thornton, Keen continued to provide financial support to Wheelock after the Trust had been exhausted.

Chandler, Samuel
Smith, John

John Smith was an affluent Boston merchant who supported Wheelock’s school throughout the 1760s. It is likely that Smith and Wheelock were introduced by George Whitefield or someone similarly involved in evangelical and missionary efforts in the British Atlantic world: John Smith made somewhat regular trips to London for business, and had been in contact with Whitefield since the 1740s. Like the other Boston merchants who supported Moor’s Indian Charity School (including Moses Peck, William Hyslop, and Nathaniel Eells), Smith traded with Wheelock and kept him up to date on political developments in Boston, especially as they concerned attitudes towards Moor’s Indian Charity School. However, Smith was better educated (and likely more affluent) than the other merchants that Wheelock worked with, and, correspondingly, played a more important role than his brethren in Wheelock’s efforts. Smith publicized the school independently (his letter to an unnamed friend, catalogued as 764318.2, is one of the most cited letters on the organization of Moor’s) and assisted Wheelock in publishing the Narratives. John Smith’s greatest contribution to Wheelock’s design was his support during Samson Occom and Nathaniel Whitaker’s fundraising tour of Great Britain (1765-1768). Smith set out for Britain in July 1765 to improve his health, and while there, acted as a vanguard for Occom and Whitaker. He managed their correspondence, suggested destinations, and served on an ad hoc advisory council that included George Whitefield, Samuel Savage, Robert Keen, and several other influential men. The pace of the journey caught up with John Smith, however, and he died in 1768 while in Britain.

Hastings, Selina (née Shirley)

Selina Hastings, better known as the Countess of Huntington or Lady Huntington, was an evangelical English aristocrat and one of the many George Whitefield devotees to meet with Nathaniel Whitaker and Samson Occom during their fundraising tour of Great Britain (1765-1768). Moor’s Indian Charity School was, for a brief time, among the objects of Lady Huntington’s charity. Lady Huntington first discovered evangelism in 1739, when she converted to Methodism. By 1744, she had embraced Calvinism instead and become a devotee of George Whitefield—such a prominent one, in fact, that he bequeathed his Bethesda orphanage to her (she did not prove to be a successful steward: the deputy she appointed was so disliked that the locals burned Bethesda down, and the property was confiscated after the Revolution). Lady Huntington was known for promoting evangelism among the aristocracy, providing dissenters with opportunities for ministerial education, establishing chapels, and mollifying the Church of England’s attitude towards dissenters. When Lady Huntington finally seceded from the Church of England in 1782, she opened Lady Huntington’s Connexion, an organization that ordained evangelical ministers and sent them out as itinerant preachers. However, her controversial efforts caught up with her. She became increasingly paranoid during the last decades of her life (the 1770s and 1780s), and died in debt.

Stennett, Samuel
Brewer, Samuel

Samuel Brewer was a minister who served for 50 years at the Broad Street Church, also called the Stepney Meeting, the largest of the dissenting congregations (Congregational or Presbyterian) of London. Starting in the late 17th century, many dissenters, separatists, and independents congregated in Stepney, now a working-class and immigrant neigborhood in London's east end, but originally a village developed around the Church of St. Dunstan's on the outskirts of the city. Brewer took over the ministry at Stepney in 1746, when the congregation had dwindled, and increased attendance over the years, leaving a very successful church at his death in 1796. Though an independent, he was friendly with clergy from the Church of England, and was part of the group of eminent clergymen clustered around the evangelical preacher George Whitefield, his particular friend, who welcomed Occom and Whitaker when they arrived in London in 1765. Occom calls Brewer "a warm Servant of Jesus Christ," and records preaching at Mr. Brewer's meeting several times to crowded audiences who made generous collections for the Indian Charity School. Robert Keen mentioned Brewer as part of a group that met weekly to advise Occom and Nathaniel Whitaker on their activities and send letters of introduction and recommendation to the leading men of surrounding churches. Whitaker urged Wheelock to write to Brewer, among other energetic supporters, but there is no evidence that he did so.

Secker, Thomas
Drummond, Robert Hay
Hotham, Charles
Thornton, John

John Thornton was born in Yorkshire on April 1, 1720. As a young man, Thornton inherited money from his father Robert Thornton, who was the Director of the Bank of England, which he used to begin his career as a merchant. In 1753, Thornton married Lucy Watson, with whom he had four children. Watson had a Christianizing influence on Thornton, which ultimately led to his 1754 conversion to evangelical Anglicanism under Henry Venn, the curate of Clapham. Thornton's and Venn’s sons would continue their fathers’ religious traditions, going on to form the “Clapham sect,” an influential group of evangelical Christians who championed social reforms. As a result of his conversion, Thornton pursued charity just as much as trade, a major part of which involved managing the English Trust that oversaw the funds Occom and Whitaker collected for Wheelock’s Indian Charity School. Thornton met and hosted Occom several times during his stay in England, and eventually became the Treasurer of the Trust. After Wheelock moved the School to Hanover, however, he focused on the establishment of Dartmouth College to educate Anglo-American men as missionaries, and was accused of using the Trust's funds to this end. This shift in focus contributed to the rift that developed between Occom and Wheelock upon Occom’s return to America –- a rift Thornton tried to repair. Thornton thought of Occom as an equal and, in his role as Treasurer of the Trust, often reminded Wheelock of Occom's vital role in securing the funds that made the School possible. Thornton financed Occom's further missionary activities and insured that Wheelock did not forget Occom's hard work and Christian morals. In addition, Wheelock –- who knew that Occom respected Thornton –- often called upon the merchant when he himself could not convince Occom to undertake further missionary activity. The exchanges between Wheelock and Thornton ended once Wheelock had used up the funds that Occom had raised in England, yet Occom and Thornton kept in touch up through the Revolutionary War, with Thornton remaining one of Occom's most prominent supporters. He died on November 7th, 1790 as one of the wealthiest men in England, despite giving away nearly half his salary each year. In 1828, Thornton's role in the establishment of Dartmouth was memorialized in the College's naming of Thornton Hall.

Newton, Samuel
Wesley, John
Wilberforce, Hannah
Jay, James
Penn, Thomas
Thomas, W.
Meller, Matt
Pearse, Sarah
Pollard, Mary
Occom, Mary (née Fowler)

Mary Occom (née Fowler) was a Montaukett woman who married Samson Occom. Although information about her is limited and often comes from male, Anglo-American sources, it offers a tantalizing glimpse of her strength, as well as an alternative to the Eleazar Wheelock-centered narrative of Occom’s life that often dominates the latter’s biography. Mary was born into the influential Fowler family at Montauk, Long Island. She met Samson during his missionary service there (1749-1761). Mary studied at Samson’s school along with her brothers David and Jacob, and was almost certainly literate. She and Samson married in 1751. Wheelock and several other Anglo-American powers opposed their union because they worried it might distract Occom from being a missionary (as, indeed, family life did), and thus many scholars have read in Samson and Mary’s marriage an act of resistance against Samson’s domineering former teacher. Little information about the minutiae of Mary’s life survives, but existing sources speak volumes about her character and priorities. In front of Anglo-American missionaries visiting the Occoms' English-style house at Mohegan, Mary would insist on wearing Montaukett garb and, when Samson spoke to her in English, she would only reply in Montaukett, despite the fact that she was fluent in English. Mary Occom was, in many ways, Wheelock’s worst fear: that his carefully groomed male students would marry un-Anglicized Indian women. It is not a stretch to imagine that Mary provided much of the incentive for Wheelock to begin taking Indian girls into his school, lest his other protégés replicate Samson’s choice. Much of our information about Mary comes from between 1765 and 1768, when Samson was fundraising in Great Britain. Despite promising to care for Samson’s wife and family (at the time they had seven children), Wheelock, by every objective measure, failed to do so, and Mary’s complaints are well documented. Hilary Wyss reads in Wheelock’s neglect (and in letters from the time) a more sinister story, and concludes that on some level Wheelock was holding Samson’s family hostage, in return for Occom curtailing his political beliefs on the Mason Case. Wyss also notes Mary’s remarkable survivance in this situation. Mary drew on various modes of contact, from letters to verbal communication with influential women (including Sarah Whitaker, the wife of Samson’s traveling companion, and Wheelock’s own daughters), to shame Wheelock into action and demand what she needed. One of the major struggles in Mary’s life, and in Samson’s, was with their sons. Both Aaron and Benoni failed to live up to their parents’ expectations. Aaron attended, and left, Moor’s Indian Charity School three times, and both Aaron and Benoni struggled with alcohol and refused to settle down. The Occom daughters did not cause similar problems. Given the nature of existing sources, little is known about Mary after Samson and Wheelock lessened their communication in 1771. Joanna Brooks has conjectured that Mary was likely influential in Samson’s Mohegan community involvement later in life, for instance, in his continued ministry to Mohegan and, perhaps, his increasingly vehement rejection of Anglo-American colonial practices.

Buell, Samuel

Buell was a popular Presbyterian minister during the second half of the 18th century in Long Island, as well as a close friend of Samson Occom. He was ordained in November 1743, and was a popular itinerant minister before settling at Easthampton. He preached at Occom's ordination, published the sermon in 1761 to raise funds for Occom (he also wrote the letter addressed to Bostwick prefacing his publication), and stayed in close contact with Occom even after Occom's public break from Wheelock. Occom's diary is full of references to visiting Buell and to their close friendship. During the Revolution, Buell was the only minister on Long Island for 40 miles, and was very active in assisting the American cause. He also founded Clinton Academy on Long Island in 1785, which was the first private school chartered by the New York Board of Regents. This academy was also remarkable in that it admitted women. Multiple historical sources have misconstrued Samuel Buell as Sol or Solomon Buell, likely because Buell sometimes signed his name Sa.l, a creative abbreviation of Samuel. However, there was no Reverend Solomon Buell in Easthampton, or, it seems, Long Island, in the second half of the 18th century: Samuel had no brothers, and were there to be two Reverend S. Buell's within 10 miles of one another during the same period, related or not, doubtlessly someone would have commented on it. In addition, the handwriting in letters ascribed to "Sol" and those assigned to Samuel is identical. Lastly, the only source besides collection manuscript 765530.3 describing a "Solomon Buell" is an anthology of letters from the Revolution, which contain letters from a Rev. Sol. Buell, or S. Buell, about aiding the American cause. These letters correspond well with descriptions of Samuel's life in an 1809 biography of his life, and, as he was the only Reverend but one for 40 miles during the Revolution, it is likely that these letters belong to him.

Wheatley, Susanna

Susanna Wheatley was the mistress of Phillis Wheatley, a slave who became famous as the as poet and the first African-American woman to be published. In 1741, Wheatley married John Wheatley, a prosperous tailor, merchant, moneylender and constable of Boston. In 1761 John purchased a young African girl who had been kidnapped from West Africa to be Susanna's servant. They named her Phillis, after the ship that transported her. As active Congregationalists, they felt it their duty to teach the girl to read the Bible. Phillis showed uncommon aptitude and was soon reading Greek and Latin as well as English. Susanna Wheatley was engaged in missionary work through correspondence (her correspondence with Occom dates from 1765), financial donations, and entertaining guests, including Presbyterian and Anglican Methodist missionaries who stayed in the Wheatley house in Boston. Phillis was allowed to mix freely with political, religious, and socially prominent guests. When she began writing poetry, often dedicated to Susanna's extended family and influential acquaintances, Susanna encouraged and promoted her through a series of drawing room performances. Not able to find a publisher in Boston, Susanna sent Phillis to England with the Wheatley son Nathaniel, where, through her connections to the evangelical George Whitefield, Phillis met Selina, Countess of Huntingdon, who became her patron, and helped publish her collection of verse in 1773. When Susanna Wheatley died in 1774 after a long illness, Phillis wrote to John Thornton, the English philanthropist and treasurer of the Trust for Wheelock's Indian School, "By the great loss I have sustain'd of my best friend, I feel like One forsaken by her parent in a desolate Wilderness." Although critics debate Phillis' status in the Wheatley home, in a letter to her friend Obour Tanner, Phillis thanked Susanna Wheatley for adopting her and treating her "more like her child than her servant."

Shaw, Nathaniel

Captain Nathaniel Shaw was one of the wealthiest merchants in New London during the mid-18th century. In the early 1730s, after building a fortune through sea trade with Ireland, he settled in New London to oversee his business. Captain Shaw was sympathetic to the Company for Propagation of the Gospel in New England and the Parts Adjacent in America (often called the New England Company), and assisted them by transmitting money to Samson Occom in the 1750s, when the New England Company was providing him with financial support. Captain Shaw also had a private trade relationship with Occom, and sold him many household supplies and much of the equipment for his house at Mohegan. However, while Occom was in England (late 1765-mid 1768), Shaw refused to supply Mary Occom with goods, which put her in severe straits. Eleazar Wheelock hypothesized that Shaw was lashing out at Mary over Samson’s stance in the Mason Case, which, along with other circumstances, had turned the New England Company vehemently against Wheelock and Occom. However, it is perhaps more likely that Shaw refused to supply Mary because Wheelock had shown no indication that he planned to pay Occom’s debts (see 768114). During the Revolution, Captain Shaw and his son Nathaniel Shaw Jr., who took over much of the business around 1763, were noted patriots. They opened their mansion to wounded sailors, as well as to George Washington himself, helped to organize New London’s participation in the war, and turned their merchant ships into a privateering fleet.

DeBerdt, Dennys

Dennys DeBerdt was a London merchant of Dutch descent, a dissenter who took an avid interest in American affairs and politics. Although he was not especially prominent in British eyes, many Americans, including Wheelock, venerated him as a valuable ally. DeBerdt tried to help Wheelock secure a charter for Moor's, but his efforts failed because the Connecticut Assembly was opposed. Otherwise, DeBerdt helped Wheelock in much the same way as other supporters did: he collected and forwarded donations and circulated information. He also hosted Occom, Whitaker, and J. Smith on their fundraising tour. In 1765, the Massachusetts Assembly elected DeBerdt as their agent in London, a post he held until his death in 1770. He also served as an agent for the Assemblies of Connecticut and Delaware. He frequently advocated for American interests in London, and was instrumental in the repeal of the Stamp Act. DeBerdt invested heavily in American trade, with poor results for his estate. Perhaps because he was a Dissenter and enjoyed limited opportunities in England, he thought American religious freedom was well worth defending. Virtually all correspondence between DeBerdt and Wheelock dates from between 1757 and 1763. DeBerdt's last letter to Wheelock was written in 1763, and Wheelock wrote to DeBerdt only sporadically after that (his last two letters are dated October 1765 and February 1767). It is not clear why the two men stopped corresponding.

Uppucquiyantup, Joseph
Hedges, Ben
Wentworth, John

Sir John Wentworth was the last of the Royal Governors of the Province of New Hampshire. He served as governor from 1767-1775, succeeding his uncle Benning Wentworth. He also shares a name with his grandfather, John Wentworth (1671-1730), who served as Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of New Hampshire from 1717-1730. During his tenure, Wentworth worked to develop the interior of New Hampshire through the creation of the five original counties, the granting of tracts of land and the building of roads between the seacoast and the Connecticut River. He also secured the land and signed the charter for Dartmouth College in 1769. Wentworth remained loyal to the crown throughout his time in office. The increasing tensions created by his loyalist sentiments in the years leading up to the American Revolution eventually ended his reign as governor in 1775. Wentworth was later appointed Lieutenant-Governor of Nova Scotia.

Fundraising Tour of Great Britain
After many months of planning and shifting personnel, Occom, accompanied by the minister Nathaniel Whitaker, sets sail in December 1765 for a two-and-a-half year tour of England and Scotland in order to solicit contributions to Wheelock’s Indian Charity School and missionary efforts. Introduced to aristocrats and prominent clergy by the minister George Whitefield, Occom preaches many sermons, travels widely, and collects a large sum of money.
Occom’s inoculation
On March 11, 1766, during their tour of London, Nathaniel Whitaker inoculates Occom against smallpox, a controversial practice that involves inserting scabs into an incision, causing a mild case of the disease, which produces immunity to it.
Document Summary

People identified in this document:

id Text in document Role in header Authorized Name
pers0037.ocp Nathaniel Whetaker Whitaker mentioned Whitaker, Nathaniel
pers0032.ocp Moſes Moses Peck mentioned Peck, Moses
pers0037.ocp M r Mr. Whetaker Whitaker mentioned Whitaker, Nathaniel
pers0356.ocp John Marſhall Marshall mentioned Marshall, John
pers0827.ocp John Williams mentioned Williams, John
pers1030.ocp Thomas Brom­ field mentioned Bromfield, Thomas
pers0014.ocp M r Mr. Debert DeBerdt mentioned DeBerdt, Dennys
pers0497.ocp M r Mr. Smith mentioned Smith, John
pers0038.ocp M r Mr. Whetfield Whitefield mentioned Whitefield, George
pers0038.ocp M r Mr. Whitfield Whitefield mentioned Whitefield, George
pers0038.ocp M r Mr. Whitefield mentioned Whitefield, George
pers0153.ocp Lord Dart­ mouth mentioned Legge, William
pers0153.ocp my Lord mentioned Legge, William
pers1046.ocp Lady Hotham mentioned Hotham
pers0614.ocp M r Mr. Wright mentioned Wright
pers0153.ocp Lord Dartmouth mentioned Legge, William
pers0465.ocp M r Mr. Savage mentioned Savage, Samuel
pers0037.ocp M r Mr. Whitaker mentioned Whitaker, Nathaniel
pers0038.ocp M r Mr. Whitefeld Whitefield mentioned Whitefield, George
pers0038.ocp M r Mr. Whetefield Whitefield mentioned Whitefield, George
pers1038.ocp M Mr. Faudagal Fothergill mentioned Fothergill, John
pers0456.ocp M r Mr. Romain mentioned Romain
pers1053.ocp M r Mr. Madin mentioned Madin
pers1069.ocp M r Mr. Singenhagan mentioned Singenhagen
pers0038.ocp M r Mr. White­ field mentioned Whitefield, George
pers0221.ocp D r Dr. Gifford mentioned Gifford, Andrew
pers0305.ocp the King mentioned Frederick, George William
pers0305.ocp the King mentioned Frederick, George William
pers0305.ocp King g r eorge mentioned Frederick, George William
pers0305.ocp The King mentioned Frederick, George William
pers0153.ocp Lord DartMouth Dartmouth mentioned Legge, William
pers0152.ocp his Lady mentioned Legge, Frances Catherine (née Nicholl)
pers0818.ocp Queen Chalotte Charlotte mentioned Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
pers0305.ocp King mentioned Frederick, George William
pers0301.ocp M r Mr. Keen mentioned Keen, Robert
pers1034.ocp Doc r Dr. Burton mentioned Burton
pers1034.ocp the Doc r Doctor mentioned Burton
pers0120.ocp Doc r Dr. Chandler mentioned Chandler, Samuel
pers0158.ocp M r Mr. Davis mentioned Davis
pers0219.ocp D r Dr. Gibbons mentioned Gibbons
pers0137.ocp Doc r Dr. Conder mentioned Conder
pers0439.ocp M r Mr. Randal mentioned Randall
pers0038.ocp G– George Whitefield mentioned Whitefield, George
pers1047.ocp Lady Huntington mentioned Hastings, Selina (née Shirley)
pers1077.ocp M rs Mrs. Webber mentioned Webber
pers1078.ocp M r Mr. Weekes mentioned Weeks
pers0120.ocp D r Dr. Chandler mentioned Chandler, Samuel
pers0518.ocp Doc r Dr. S t ennet Stennett mentioned Stennett, Samuel
pers0518.ocp D r Dr. Stennet Stennett mentioned Stennett, Samuel
pers0137.ocp D r Dr. Condor mentioned Conder
pers0137.ocp D r Doctor mentioned Conder
pers0094.ocp M r Mr. Brew er mentioned Brewer, Samuel
pers1036.ocp M r Mr. Dilly mentioned Dilly
pers0075.ocp M r Mr. Barber mentioned Barber
pers0071.ocp M r Mr. Bailey mentioned Bailey
pers1027.ocp Arch Biſhop Archbishop of Canterbury mentioned Secker, Thomas
pers1028.ocp Arch Biſhop Archbishop of York mentioned Drummond, Robert Hay
pers1058.ocp M r Mr. onſlow Onslow mentioned Onslow
pers1029.ocp M r Mr. Britton mentioned Britton
pers0263.ocp S r Sir Charles Hotham mentioned Hotham, Charles
pers1068.ocp M r Mr. Shillon mentioned Shillon
pers1055.ocp M r Mr. Moriſon Morison mentioned Morison
pers0541.ocp Thornton mentioned Thornton, John
pers0129.ocp M r Mr. Clarke mentioned Clark
pers1048.ocp M r Mr. Jackſon Jackson mentioned Jackson
pers0221.ocp Doc r Dr. Gifford mentioned Gifford, Andrew
pers1032.ocp M r Mr. Bulkley mentioned Bulkley
pers1070.ocp M r Mr. Skinner mentioned Skinner
pers1074.ocp M r Mr. Told mentioned Told
pers1082.ocp M r Mr. Winter mentioned Winter
pers1065.ocp M r Mr. Riland mentioned mentioned Riland
pers1065.ocp Riland mentioned mentioned Riland
pers0653.ocp M r Mr. Newton mentioned Newton, Samuel
pers1044.ocp M r Mr. Hextal mentioned Hextal
pers1037.ocp Doc r Dr. Doddrege mentioned Doddrege
pers1033.ocp M r Mr. Bur­ ford mentioned Burford
pers1062.ocp M r Mr. Pitts mentioned Pitts
pers1075.ocp M r Mr. ware mentioned Ware
pers0541.ocp M r Mr. Thornton mentioned Thornton, John
pers1042.ocp M r Mr. Guinap mentioned Guinap
pers1080.ocp John Weſley Wesley mentioned Wesley, John
pers0037.ocp M r Mr. w Whitaker mentioned Whitaker, Nathaniel
pers1039.ocp M rs Mrs. Fuller mentioned Fuller
pers0465.ocp Savage mentioned Savage, Samuel
pers1040.ocp M r Mr. Furly mentioned Furley
pers1064.ocp M r Mr. Richadſon Richardson mentioned Richadson
pers0094.ocp M r Mr. Brewers mentioned Brewer, Samuel
pers1076.ocp M r Mr. Webb mentioned Webb
pers0541.ocp Esq r Esq. Thornton mentioned Thornton, John
pers1081.ocp his Sister Willber– Wilberforce mentioned Wilberforce, Hannah
pers1081.ocp Willberforce Wilberforce mentioned Wilberforce, Hannah
pers1041.ocp M iſs Miss gideon mentioned Gideon
pers1051.ocp S r Sir Jame mentioned Jay, James
pers0567.ocp M r Mr. Wint forth worth Went worth mentioned Wentworth, John
pers1060.ocp M r Mr. Penn mentioned Penn, Thomas
pers1057.ocp M r Mr. olding mentioned Olding
pers0515.ocp M r Mr. Stafford mentioned Stafford
pers1035.ocp M r Mr. Cocks mentioned Cocks
pers0038.ocp M r Mr. whitefields Whitefield mentioned Whitefield, George
pers0030.ocp M r Mr. Occom writer Occom, Samson
pers1051.ocp Sir James Jay mentioned Jay, James
pers1061.ocp M r Mr. Perſon Person mentioned Person
pers0037.ocp M r Mr. W mentioned Whitaker, Nathaniel
pers1073.ocp Thomas mentioned Thomas, W.
pers0037.ocp M r Mr. L Whitaker mentioned Whitaker, Nathaniel
pers1079.ocp M r Mr. Wellſhare Wellshare mentioned Wellshare
pers1045.ocp M r Mr. Hick­ Man Hick man mentioned Hickman
pers1049.ocp M r Mr. James mentioned James
pers0240.ocp M r Mr. Hall mentioned Hall
pers1054.ocp M r Mr. Matth Meller mentioned Meller, Matt
pers1059.ocp M rs Mrs. Sarah Pearſe Pearse mentioned Pearse, Sarah
pers1063.ocp M rs Mrs. Mary Pollard mentioned Pollard, Mary
pers0029.ocp M rs Mrs. Occom mentioned Occom, Mary (née Fowler)
pers0032.ocp M r Mr. Peck mentioned Peck, Moses
pers0574.ocp M rs Mrs. Wheatley mentioned Wheatley, Susanna
pers0477.ocp Cap t Capt. Shaw mentioned Shaw, Nathaniel
pers0824.ocp Jo Uppauquiyantup mentioned Uppucquiyantup, Joseph
pers0006.ocp M r Mr. Buell mentioned Buell, Samuel
pers1072.ocp M rs Mrs. Tallmadge mentioned Tallmadge
pers1043.ocp Ben Hedges mentioned Hedges, Ben
pers1052.ocp Loper mentioned Loper
pers1056.ocp Mulford mentioned Mulford
pers0565.ocp M r Mr. w Wells mentioned Wells
pers0872.ocp M r Mr. Wood mentioned Wood
pers1031.ocp M r Mr. Bruſh Brush mentioned mentioned Brush
pers1067.ocp M rs Mrs. Routledge mentioned Routledge

Places identified in this document:

id Text in document Authorized Name
place0143.ocp Mohegan Mohegan
place0070.ocp Europe Europe
place0013.ocp Boſton Boston Boston
place0190.ocp Portſmouth Portsmouth Portsmouth
place0448.ocp Lands End Lands End
place0068.ocp England England
place0090.ocp great Briton Britain Great Britain
place0439.ocp Bricksham Brixham Brixham
place0620.ocp Tar Bay Torbay Torbay
place0072.ocp Exon Exton Exton
place0257.ocp Salsbury Salisbury Salisbury
place0128.ocp London London
place0013.ocp Boſtn Boston Boston
place0440.ocp the Chappel chapel Tottenham Court Road Chapel
place0454.ocp Parlament Parliament Houſe House Parliament House
place0460.ocp River Thames Thames River
place0445.ocp Greenwich Greenwich
place0230.ocp M r Mr. White­ field 's Tabernacle Tabernacle at Moorfields
place0454.ocp P t Parliament Houſe House Parliament House
place0454.ocp Houſe House of Parlament Parliament Parliament House
place0462.ocp W eſtminſter Westminster Abey Abbey Westminster Abbey
place0621.ocp Bedlem Bethlehem Royal Hospital
place0458.ocp St James's St. James's
place0622.ocp the Tower Tower of London
place0013.ocp Boſ­ ton Bos ton Boston
place0230.ocp M r Mr. G– George Whitefield s Tabernacle Tabernacle at Moorfields
place0460.ocp Thames Thames River
place0450.ocp the Lock the Lock
place0230.ocp M r Mr. Whitefield 's Capel chapel Tabernacle at Moorfields
place0449.ocp Little St Hellens Helen's Little St. Helens
place0442.ocp Davenſhare Devonshire Square Devonshire Square
place0230.ocp M r Mr. Whitefield 's Tarberna­ cle Taberna cle Tabernacle at Moorfields
place0003.ocp America America
place0438.ocp Bar­ bers Hall Barber's Hall
place0041.ocp Clapham Clapham
place0452.ocp North Hampton Northampton Northampton
place0453.ocp olney Olney
place0452.ocp Northampton Northampton
place0452.ocp Northamp n Northampton Northampton
place0457.ocp Shake ſpears Shake speare s walk Shakespeares Walk
place0455.ocp Saffron Walden Saffron Walden
place0461.ocp Toundry Foundry the Foundry
place0464.ocp Yorkſhare Yorkshire Yorkshire
place0208.ocp Shearneſs Sheerness Sheerness
place0444.ocp gra- ves end Graves end Gravesend
place0460.ocp the River Thames River
place0460.ocp River Thames River
place0444.ocp Gravesend Gravesend
place0441.ocp Chatham Chatham
place0208.ocp Share­ neſs Sheer ness Sheerness
place0041.ocp Clap­ ham Clapham
place0463.ocp winbleton Wimbledon Wimbledon
place0308.ocp new York New York City
place0003.ocp Ameria America America
place0224.ocp Stepney Stepney
place0443.ocp Dodford Dodford
place0230.ocp T. Tabernacle at Moorfields
place0101.ocp Hitchin Hitchin
place0459.ocp Southwell Southwell
place0451.ocp Luton Luton
place0446.ocp Herrefor d Shire Herefordshire Herefordshire
place0020.ocp Briſtol Bristol Bristol
place0164.ocp N. New London New London
place0308.ocp New York New York City
place0456.ocp Shady Grove Shady Grove
place0293.ocp Goſhen Goshen Goshen

Organizations identified in this document:

id Text in document Authorized Name
org0034.ocp Honorable CommiſsionersCommissioners In Connecticut New England for propigatingpropagating ChriſtianChristian Knowledge &and LetteratureLiterature among the Indians Connecticut Board of Correspondents of the Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge
org0024.ocp Church of Endgland Church of England
org0024.ocp Church of England Church of England
org0156.ocp HouſeHouse of CommensCommons House of Commons

Dates identified in this document:

Standard Form Text
1765-11-21 NovrNovember 21: 1765
1765-11-21 21 of NovrNovember
1765-11-23 NovrNovember 23
1765-12-23 DecrDecember 23
1766-02-02 2d2nd day of FeruaryFebruary 1766
1766-02-03 3 of FebrFebruary
1766-02-04 FebrFebruary 4
1766-02-06 FerFebruary 6
1766-02-08 FebrurFebruary 8
1766-02-09 9th9th FebrFebruary
1766-02-10 FebrurFebruary yethe 10th10th
1766-02-12 FebrFebruary 12
1766-02-13 FebrFebruary 13
1766-02-14 FebrFebruary 14
1766-02-17 FebyFebruary 17
1766-02-18 TueſdayTuesday
1766-02-19 FebrFebruary 19
1766-02-20 Febr–February 20
1766-02-21 FebrFebruary 21
1766-02-22 FebrFebruary 22
1766-02-23 Feb.rFebruary 23
1766-02-24 Feb.rFebruary 24
1766-02-25 FFebruary 25
1766-02-26 FebrFebruary 26
1766-02-27 FebrFebruary 27
1766-03-11 March 11: 1766
1766-03-13 March 13
1766-03-20 20th20th of March
1766-04-01 firſtfirst Day of April
1766-04-05 April 5
1766-04-06 April 6
1766-04-07 April 7
1766-04-10 April 10
1766-04-11 April 11
1766-04-13 April 13
1766-04-16 April 16
1766-04-23 April 23
1766-04-24 April 24
1766-04-22 April 22
1766-04-27 April 27
1766-04-28 April 28
1766-04-30 April 30
1766-05-01 May 1st1st
1766-05-04 may 4
1766-05-05 May 5
1766-05-07 May 7
1766-05-08 May 8
1766-05-11 may 11
1766-05-12 May 12
1766-05-13 T TueſdayTuesday
1766-05-14 WedneſdayWednesday
1766-05-15 ThurſdayThursday
1766-05-16 may 16
1766-05-17 may 17
1766-05-18 may 18
1766-05-21 may 21
1766-05-22 may 22
1766-05-23 May 23
1766-06-01 June 1
1766-06-07 June 7
1766-06-08 June 8
1766-06-09 June 9
1766-06-10 June 10
1766-06-11 June 11
1766-06-15 June 15
1766-06-16 June 16
1766-06-17 TueſdayTuesday Morning
1766-06-18 June 18
1766-06-19 June 19
1766-06-21 June 21
1766-06-22 June 22
1766-06-23 June 23
1766-06-26 June 26
1766-06-27 June 27
1766-06-29 June 29
1766-06-30 June 30
1766-07-01 July 1
1766-07-02 July 2
1766-04-29 29 of April laſtlast
1766-07-06 Junely 6
1766-07-08 Junely 8
1766-07-09 July 9
1766-07-10 July 10
1766-07-11 July 11
1766-07-13 July the 13
1766-07-15 July 15
1766-07-16 July 16
1766-07-17 July 17
1766-07-18 July 18
1766-07-19 July 19
1766-07-20 July 20
1766-07-21 July 21
1766-07-22 July 22
1766-03 March 1766

Regularized text:

Type Original Regularized
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variation propigating propagating
modernization Chriſtian Christian
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modernization aſsiſtance assistance
modernization Revd Rev.
variation Whetaker Whitaker
variation Acordingly accordingly
variation Thirdſday Thursday
variation obediance obedience
variation my Self myself
variation Lieve leave
modernization Boſton Boston
variation voige voyage
variation after noon afternoon
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modernization Moſes Moses
modernization Wedneſday Wednesday
variation whome whom
modernization Portſmouth Portsmouth
variation incouragement encouragement
modernization Eaſtward Eastward
modernization almoſt almost
modernization Paſage passage
variation Stay[above] dd stayed
variation increace increase
modernization Adverſaries adversaries
modernization Diſtance distance
variation a
modernization Suppoſe suppose
variation a bout about
variation a Bo[above] aard abroad
modernization Marſhall Marshall
modernization Capt Capt.
modernization Truſt Trust
modernization ye the
modernization Paſanger passenger
modernization worſhip worship
variation Caried carried
modernization goodneſs goodness
variation Gail gale
modernization Eaſterly easterly
variation Stopt stopped
modernization moſt most
modernization 2d 2nd
variation Feruary February
variation Briton Britain
modernization Fiſh fish
variation Bricksham Brixham
variation Tar Bay Torbay
modernization Juſt just
variation Sun Set sunset
modernization Houſe house
variation Beſsed Blessed
variation thiy thy
variation oi of
modernization thankfullneſs thankfulness
modernization preſerve preserve
modernization eſpecially especially
variation Evetl evil
modernization Horſe Horse
variation Exon Exton
variation Calld called
variation prety pretty
variation reachd reached
variation Salsbury Salisbury
variation heatherto hitherto
variation Thirdsday Thursday
variation Debert DeBerdt
modernization Boſtn Boston
variation Whetfield Whitefield
variation Extreemly extremely
variation marvillous marvelous
variation Whitfield Whitefield
modernization adviſe advise
modernization Chaiſe Chaise
variation Lodgd lodged
modernization 9th 9th
variation Conce[above] ldld concealed
modernization 10th 10th
variation un­
variation Pay'd paid
modernization Kindneſs kindness
modernization laſt last
variation Evenig evening
variation Cary carry
variation Confution confusion
modernization Curſing cursing
variation Swaring swearing
variation wheſtling wrestling
variation gigling giggling
modernization paſs pass
modernization repaſsing repassing
modernization Croſsing crossing
variation Creſs-Croſsing criss-crossing
variation Begers beggars
variation Beging begging
modernization Tueſday Tuesday
variation Dind dined
variation eveng evening
modernization Feaſt Feast
variation Chappel chapel
variation Whitefeld Whitefield
variation Parlament Parliament
modernization Houſe House
variation Curioſitees curiosities
modernization Weſtmin­
variation a Croſs across
modernization Hoſpital hospital
variation Introducd introduced
variation Whetefield Whitefield
variation Faudagal Fothergill
variation Fryday Friday
variation Apoſtolec apostolic
modernization Miniſter minister
variation returnd returned
modernization beſt best
variation provids provides
modernization thouſand thousand
modernization Thouſand thousand
variation Sprititual spiritual
modernization thouſands thousands
variation mamed maimed
modernization Fatherleſs fatherless
modernization uſeful useful
modernization preſented presented
modernization Dr Dr.
variation Paptiſt Baptist
modernization Mi[ſ | s]ſsniſter minister
modernization ſ s
variation Extreamly extremely
modernization Horſes horses
modernization Horſemen horsemen
modernization &c etc.
modernization firſt first
modernization Pleaſure pleasure
variation Seeng seeing
variation Comly comely
variation Dazling dazzling
modernization muſt must
modernization majeſty majesty
variation Atendence attendance
variation Sur­
variation atended attended
variation foot men footmen
variation Muſickal musical
modernization Inſtru Instru
modernization Inſtruments instruments
variation Cannan cannon
variation Throning thronging
variation Deſend descend
variation deſend descend
variation Cherubems cherubim
variation Sarephems seraphim
variation Lighting lightning
variation Eliments elements
modernization Jeſus Jesus
variation Emediately immediately
variation Seing seeing
variation DartMouth Dartmouth
variation Noble-man nobleman
modernization alſo also
variation Cupple couple
modernization amongſt amongst
modernization W[illegible]eſtminſter Westminster
variation Abey Abbey
variation fuler fuller
variation Moniments monuments
variation Thurdſday Thursday
variation Chalotte Charlotte
variation a
variation Gluton glutton
variation Larzerus Lazarus
variation Diference difference
variation Amighty Almighty
variation Dazled dazzled
variation gliter­
variation my mine
variation fixt fixed
variation Made maid
modernization Bleſsed Blessed
variation Tygers tigers
modernization &C etc.
variation monoments monuments
variation antient ancient
modernization Horſe horse
variation Antient ancient
modernization Braſs brass
modernization Docr Dr.
modernization Boſ­
variation perſwaded persuaded
modernization modeſtly modestly
variation toold told
variation vew view
modernization Diſsenting dissenting
variation after Noon afternoon
variation Diſenting dissenting
variation Deſenters Dissenters
variation morng morning
variation Preachd preached
variation af­
ter noon
modernization aſsiſt assist
variation Influance influence
modernization Buſineſs business
modernization Thurſday Thursday
modernization reaſon reason
modernization wedneſday Wednesday
variation Quater quarter
variation Shoikd shocked
variation Phiſi[above] ccks physic
modernization viſited visited
modernization Conſtantly constantly
modernization 20th 20th
variation Cou'd'n't couldn't
variation Carefull careful
variation Nureſe nurse
variation Intirely entirely
variation Dropt dropped
modernization gooddneſs goodness
modernization Anſwera
variation injoy enjoy
modernization Diſeaſes diseases
variation Cleanſeth cleanses
variation Polution pollution
variation woud would
modernization himſelf himself
variation Phyſick physic
variation apears appears
modernization Mrs Mrs.
variation Sabath Sabbath
variation a midſt amidst
variation Diſcource discourse
variation S[above] ttennet Stennett
variation Mineſter minister
modernization Turſday Thursday
modernization Break
variation receivd received
variation Capel chapel
modernization preſent present
variation Hellens Helen's
variation Davenſhare Devonshire
variation S[illegible]omthing something
modernization uſe use
variation Arch Biſhop Archbishop
variation a
variation Tarberna­
variation Crouded crowded
variation trouth truth
variation Thur[illegible]dsday Thursday
modernization 1st 1st
variation a greable agreeable
modernization Cauſe cause
modernization onſlow Onslow
variation Genttleman gentleman
variation Commens Commons
variation Freindly friendly
variation pleaſd pleased
variation Heer hear
variation In­
modernization Goſpel Gospel
variation Preachd Preached
modernization Baptiſt Baptist
variation Audiance audience
modernization meaſure measure
variation Diſapointed disappointed
variation viſets visits
modernization Miniſters ministers
variation Diſpoſd disposed
modernization oppoſition opposition
modernization Praiſe praise
variation appearence appearance
variation appeard appeared
modernization Moriſon Morison
variation afaire affair
variation Strenght strength
modernization Jackſon Jackson
variation beſsed blessed
modernization Assiſtance Assistance
modernization Baptiſts Baptists
variation killd killed
variation over Setting oversetting
variation runing running
variation my
variation week weak
variation weak week
modernization Buſiy busy
variation geting getting
variation North Hampton Northampton
modernization kindneſs kindness
variation throngd thronged
modernization Breakfaſt breakfast
variation Sot set
modernization Poſt post
variation chace chaise
modernization mar
variation Croud crowd
modernization Breakfaſted breakfasted
variation Deſenting dissenting
modernization Concourſe concourse
variation Solmenity solemnity
variation Lodgd Lodged
modernization Chriſtians Christians
variation preachd preached
variation Since sense
variation Pr[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): ea]eacd preached
variation Shake
variation Supd supped
variation Entertain[above] dd entertained
variation emence immense
variation fotune fortune
variation Chriſtiens Christians
modernization miniſter minister
modernization Weſley Wesley
variation belive believe
modernization Aſsembly assembly
variation Praiſd praised
variation Minicking mimicking
variation grearter greater
variation viſeted visited
variation Yorkſhare Yorkshire
variation truely truly
variation Richadſon Richardson
modernization everlaſ­
variation Shearneſs Sheerness
variation Sea Side seaside
variation gra-[above] vesves
modernization Proſpect prospect
variation Continue[above] eded continued
variation maloncholy melancholy
variation Share­
variation vewing viewing
modernization Chaiſe chaise
modernization Esqr Esq.
variation Chace chaise
modernization Con­
modernization Juſt Just
variation winbleton Wimbledon
variation Willberforce Wilberforce
variation after
modernization Miſs Miss
variation Jewis Jewess
variation Birt birth
variation Ameria America
variation Wint[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): forth]forth
modernization wedneſday wednesday
variation viſeting visiting
variation a gain again
variation Thundred thundered
modernization Se­
modernization aſ as
variation whitefields Whitefield
variation kown know
variation emediately immediately
modernization Perſon Person
variation Curioſsities curiosities
variation Thuirdſday Thursday
modernization Wellſhare Wellshare
modernization Viſited visited
modernization £15 £15
variation Hick­
modernization Minſter minister
variation Emediatly immediately
variation Condeſention condescension
modernization wed­
modernization thurſday Thursday
variation Heitherto hitherto
variation Lennin Linen
modernization ſs ss
variation Herrefor[illegible]d Shire Herefordshire
modernization Briſtol Bristol
variation Coriſpodent Correspondent
modernization Pearſe Pearse
variation Nergro Negro
modernization Bruſh Brush
modernization Goſhen Goshen

Expanded abbreviations:

Abbreviation Expansion
Novr November
& and
ariv'd arrived
receiv'd received
return'd returned
Decr December
diſcover'd discovered
Febr February
Call'd called
mils miles
M' miles
even[above] gg evening
Fer February
Lodg'd lodged
H house
Din'd dined
Februr February
Conceil'd concealed
Introduc'd introduced
apear'd appeared
walk'd walked
Join'd joined
M Mr.
Preach'd preached
Feby February
Pt Parliament
adorn'd adorned
tho' though
Crown'd crowned
atendc attendance
Febr– February
JX Jesus Christ
Pray'd prayed
Docr Doctor
wou'd would
Promiſ'd Promised
Feb.r February
H– house
F February
promiſ'd promised
Preach'd Preached
G– George
genn gentlemen
Dors doctors
Dr Doctor
Sevt servant
Ld Lord
Gentn gentlemen
Baptiz'd baptized
Diſpoſ'd disposed
Promiſ'd promised
Sr Sir
X Christ
throng'd thronged
Gentn gentleman
N– name
Evg evening
Mir minister
Ho house
recken'd reckoned
turn'd turned
Northampn Northampton
Even-g evening
genn gentleman
Breakfaſt[illegible][above] 'd'd Breakfasted
Shou'd should
Jx Jesus Christ
Sail'd sailed
Cou'd could
Rian'd rained
Thunder'd thundered
recev'd received
Willber– Wilberforce
rain'd rained
morn.g morning
Meetg meeting
Min– minister
N. New

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HomeSamson Occom, journal, 1765 November 21
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