Joseph Woolley, letter, to Eleazar Wheelock, 1765 July 6


[note (type: abstract): Joseph Woolley writes to Wheelock with news from his mission to Onaquaga. He mentions the smallpox epidemic, the Shawnees' and Delawares' confirmation of the Covenant Chain, his cousin Jacob Woolley, and David Fowler’s abuse of his Indian students.][note (type: handwriting): Handwriting is largely clear and legible.][note (type: paper): Large sheet folded in half to make four pages is in good-to-fair condition, with moderate staining, creasing and wear.][note (type: ink): Brown.][note (type: noteworthy): Woolley makes unusual use of quotations to indicate asides placed in the left margin.]
  [Rev.d | Rev.]Rev.dRev. [S.r | Sir]S.rSir  
We have awaited for the [M.eſsurs | Messrs.]M.eſsursMessrs. Smith[pers0503.ocp] [& | and]&and  Chamberlain[pers0009.ocp], four Days, and I dont ^[above] think^think it is best for  me to wait any longer. then next Monday, I think  Providence calls me to go away from here [ſoon | soon]ſoonsoon.
The epidemical ^[above] [Small pox | smallpox]Small poxsmallpox^[Small pox | smallpox]Small poxsmallpox [Diſtemper | distemper]Diſtemperdistemper is here, ^[above] [& | and]&and^[& | and]&and proves very  mortal among the Indians — The Squash Cutter  died with it about ten Days ago; another died  last evening [& | and]&and was buried this afternoon here.
This poor Man was left destitute by all his Friends  [& | and]&and Relations, had nobody to tend him, "I felt So [con‐  cillegibleearned | con‐ cillegibleerned]con‐  cillegibleearnedcon‐ cillegibleerned for ^[above] him^him I like to gone there myself."
I illegibleam [ſorry | sorry]ſorrysorry [& | and]&and [greaved | grieved]greavedgrieved to [ſee | see]ſeesee ^[above] in the Indians^in the Indians [ſo | so]ſoso much [Brutallyity, | brutality]Brutallyity,brutality that  they [caired | cared]cairedcared no ^[above] not^not more for each other than the [Beaſts | beasts]Beaſtsbeasts do  "([tho | though]thothough I believe if a [Horſe | horse]Horſehorse knew there was [ſome | some]ſomesome^[above] thing^thing of a Mat‐  ter with his Mate, he would come and leap over him)  but there appeared no [ſuch | such]ſuchsuch Affection among them;"  however, [ſome | some]ſomesome ^[above] of^of them made ^[above] out^out to go and [aſsiſt | assist]aſsiſtassist in bury‐  ing him. — — —
The [Shawanees | Shawnees]ShawaneesShawnees[org0089.ocp] [& | and]&and [Dellawars | Delawares]DellawarsDelawares[org0038.ocp] came here the Day  before yesterday the in order to confirm the Covenant  Chain, which Captain Kill-Buck[pers0304.ocp] ^[above] Chief of the [Dellawares | Delawares]DellawaresDelawares[org0038.ocp]^Chief of the [Dellawares | Delawares]DellawaresDelawares[org0038.ocp] has been upon  ever [ſince | since]ſincesince last Spring — to whom, I had the Honour 
[left]   a Head [Warrier | Warrior]WarrierWarrior  of the Delawares[org0038.ocp]  who has done [ſo | so]ſoso much  [miſchief | mischief]miſchiefmischief [& | and]&and [exercſed | exercised]exercſedexercised  [ſo | so]ſoso much Inhumanity  to the [Engliſh | English]EngliſhEnglish
  a Head [Warrier | Warrior]WarrierWarrior  of the Delawares[org0038.ocp]  who has done [ſo | so]ſoso much  [miſchief | mischief]miſchiefmischief [& | and]&and [exercſed | exercised]exercſedexercised  [ſo | so]ſoso much Inhumanity  to the [Engliſh | English]EngliſhEnglish 
[left]   This ^[above] man^man with the  Squash Cutter  were ^[above] there as^there as [Hoſtages | hostages]Hoſtageshostages  from that Tribe
  This ^[above] man^man with the  Squash Cutter  were ^[above] there as^there as [Hoſtages | hostages]Hoſtageshostages  from that Tribe 
of Interpreting [thoſe | those]thoſethose Letters [& | and]&and the Parchment in which the  Covenant was written; [& | and]&and to his greatest [Satiſfaction | satisfaction]Satiſfactionsatisfaction.
This Man Kill-Buck[pers0304.ocp] would [feaign | fain]feaignfain have me go to  Allegany[place0002.ocp] with him to his own Home, [& | and]&and to Spend my  Life [amongſt | amongst]amongſtamongst them There — But I have [Diſcourige‐  ‐ments | discourage‐ ments]Diſcourige‐  ‐mentsdiscourage‐ ments from [thoſe | those]thoſethose that ^[above] have^have been there."
As we was [paſing | passing]paſingpassing [thrō | through]thrōthrough Sheffield[place0210.ocp], one ^[above] a^a Man  [call'd | called]call'dcalled out to me, and [ask'd | asked]ask'dasked me whether I was  not the [ſame | same]ſamesame Man that lay [ſick | sick]ſicksick there [laſt | last]laſtlast Fall."  and [enqured | inquired]enquredinquired ^[above] asked^asked into my Name — But I told him not  who I was [& | and]&and what I was, that I might have the better  Chance to know what he had to [ſay | say]ſaysay about him — well, ^[above] hereupon^hereupon  he biegan to tell what he did after he got well with  the [Pluriſie | pleurisy]Pluriſiepleurisy — That he taught young Men [& | and]&and [Chilren | children]Chilrenchildren  to Sing read and write [& | and]&and [cypher | cipher]cyphercipher; That he had his Learn‐  ‐ing from [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Wheelock[pers0036.ocp], and went to the [Jerſey | Jersey]JerſeyJersey ^[above] College^College[org0067.ocp], and in his  [Laſt | last]Laſtlast Year went back again to [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Wheelock[pers0036.ocp]s. and after‐  ward ran away from him [& | and]&and went into the Service. ^[above] i.e of the War^i.e of the War
Moreover, he told me what that young ^[above] Man^Man [ſaid | said]ſaidsaid — The  [Reaſon | reason]Reaſonreason why he ran away, that he was [affraid | afraid]affraidafraid [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Wheelock[pers0036.ocp]  would make him Preach; Therefore now he [determins | determines]determinsdetermines ne‐  ver to [ſee | see]ſeesee you.— But I could get no Intelligence which  Way he went, whe^[above] ther^ther he is alive or no. he told it to  me ^[above] in^in [ſuch | such]ſuchsuch a light I could not help but thinking it was  [Couſin | cousin]Couſincousin Jacob [Wooley | Woolley]WooleyWoolley[pers0040.ocp]."
I have not heard about ^[above] of your^of your the Dutch [Horſe | horse]Horſehorse I am [affraid | afraid]affraidafraid  he is [loſt | lost]loſtlost, and if it[ſo | so]ſoso [illegible]it ſois [illegible]a great [Loſs | loss]Loſsloss.
I have been out of Health ever [ſince | since]ſincesince I arrived  here, a Sharp Pain in my [Breaſt | breast]Breaſtbreast and [ſo | so]ſoso [thrō | through]thrōthrough on  the other Side, continues bad.
"I have heard of Fowler[pers0155.ocp] [to Day | today]to Daytoday that he is yet  alive and well, begins to beat his [Schollers | scholars]Schollersscholars  very much, [ſ | s]ſs makes their Hands to Swell very much  which the Indians dont like very well; They  [ſay, | say,]ſay,say, he ought to have [ſuppreſsed | suppressed]ſuppreſsedsuppressed it longer, [& | and]&and not be‐  gin [ſo ſoon | so soon]ſo ſoonso soon — " I have no more Special to [ſay | say]ſaysay, you  know I was never a good News Monger. —
Pray ^[above] [Pleſe | please]Pleſeplease^[Pleſe | please]Pleſeplease [S.r | Sir]S.rSir to accept my DHumble Duty, ^[above] to you^to you [& | and]&and [Mrs | Mrs.]MrsMrs.  Wheelock[pers0577.ocp], and tell her I hope her unwearied Pains  for me wont be [qute | quite]qutequite [Loſt | lost]Loſtlost, but ^[above] that I^that I shall improve the  [beſt | best]beſtbest of my Ability to my People — ^[above] among my poor Brethren^among my poor Brethren [& | and]&and [alſo | also]alſoalso ^[above] Duty^Duty to kind Ma‐  ster Lathrop[pers0320.ocp] — I remain 
your Dutiful,   [& | and]&and very Humble [Servt | servant]Servtservant  Joseph [Wooley | Woolley]WooleyWoolley[pers0041.ocp]   
from [Joſeph | Joseph]JoſephJoseph Woolley[pers0041.ocp]  July 1765[1765-07] 
To  The [Rev.d | Rev.]Rev.dRev. [M.r | Mr.]M.rMr. [Eleazer | Eleazar]EleazerEleazar Wheelock[pers0036.ocp]   Connecticut[place0048.ocp].
Document Summary

People identified in this document:

id Text in document Role in header Authorized Name
pers0503.ocp Smith mentioned Smith, Titus
pers0009.ocp Chamberlain mentioned Chamberlain, Theophilus
pers0304.ocp Captain Kill-Buck mentioned Kill-Buck
pers0304.ocp Kill-Buck mentioned Kill-Buck
pers0036.ocp M r Mr. Wheelock recipient Wheelock, Eleazar
pers0040.ocp Jacob Wooley Woolley mentioned Woolley, Jacob
pers0155.ocp Fowler mentioned Fowler, David
pers0577.ocp M rs Mrs. Wheelock mentioned Wheelock, Mary (née Brinsmead)
pers0320.ocp Ma‐ ster Lathrop mentioned Lathrop, John
pers0041.ocp Joseph Wooley Woolley writer Woolley, Joseph
pers0041.ocp Joſeph Joseph Woolley writer Woolley, Joseph
pers0036.ocp Eleazer Eleazar Wheelock recipient Wheelock, Eleazar

Places identified in this document:

id Text in document Authorized Name
place0112.ocp Johnſon-Hall Johnson Hall Johnson Hall
place0002.ocp Allegany Allegheny River
place0210.ocp Sheffield Sheffield
place0048.ocp Connecticut Connecticut

Organizations identified in this document:

id Text in document Authorized Name
org0089.ocp ShawaneesShawnees Shawnee Tribe
org0038.ocp DellawarsDelawares Delaware Tribe
org0038.ocp DellawaresDelawares Delaware Tribe
org0038.ocp Delawares Delaware Tribe
org0067.ocp JerſeyJersey College Princeton University

Dates identified in this document:

Standard Form Text
1765-07-06 July 6.th6th
1765-07 July 1765

Regularized text:

Type Original Regularized
variation Johnſon-Hall Johnson Hall
modernization 6th
modernization Rev.d Rev.
modernization M.eſsurs Messrs.
modernization ſoon soon
variation Small pox smallpox
modernization Diſtemper distemper
variation con‐  cillegibleearned con‐ cillegibleerned
modernization ſorry sorry
variation greaved grieved
modernization ſee see
modernization ſo so
variation Brutallyity, brutality
variation caired cared
modernization Beaſts beasts
variation tho though
modernization Horſe horse
modernization ſome some
modernization ſuch such
modernization aſsiſt assist
variation Shawanees Shawnees
variation Dellawars Delawares
variation Dellawares Delawares
modernization ſince since
variation Warrier Warrior
modernization miſchief mischief
variation exercſed exercised
modernization Engliſh English
modernization Hoſtages hostages
modernization thoſe those
modernization Satiſfaction satisfaction
variation feaign fain
modernization amongſt amongst
variation Diſcourige‐  ‐ments discourage‐ ments
variation paſing passing
modernization ſame same
modernization ſick sick
modernization laſt last
variation enqured inquired
modernization ſay say
variation Pluriſie pleurisy
variation Chilren children
variation cypher cipher
modernization Mr Mr.
modernization Jerſey Jersey
modernization Laſt last
modernization ſaid said
modernization Reaſon reason
variation affraid afraid
variation determins determines
modernization Couſin cousin
variation Wooley Woolley
modernization loſt lost
modernization Loſs loss
modernization Breaſt breast
variation to Day today
variation Schollers scholars
modernization ſ s
modernization ſay, say,
modernization ſuppreſsed suppressed
modernization ſo ſoon so soon
variation Pleſe please
modernization Mrs Mrs.
variation qute quite
modernization Loſt lost
modernization beſt best
modernization alſo also
modernization Joſeph Joseph
modernization M.r Mr.
variation Eleazer Eleazar

Expanded abbreviations:

Abbreviation Expansion
S.r Sir
& and
thrō through
call'd called
ask'd asked
Servt servant

This document's header does not contain any mixed case attribute values.

Summary of errors found in this document:

Number of dates with invalid 'when' attributes: 0
Number of nested "hi" tags: (consider merging the @rend attributes, or using other tags) 0
Number of tags with invalid 'rend' attributes: 0 (out of 26)
Number of people/places/organizations with unknown keys: 0 (out of 23)
Number of "add" tags with unknown 'place' attributes: 0 (out of 29)
Mixed case attribute values in header (potential error): 0 (out of 115)