Eleazar Wheelock, letter, to George Whitefield, 1762 September 16


[note (type: abstract): Copy of a letter in which Wheelock discusses Occom's mission, those affected by Indian wars, the growth of the School, grants of money, and the donation of books.][note (type: handwriting): Informal handwriting is small and occasionally difficult to decipher; it is not Wheelock’s.][note (type: paper): Large sheet folded in half to make four pages is heavily reinforced, which makes it difficult to gauge the condition of the paper.][note (type: ink): Black-brown ink is somewhat dimmed by reinforcement.][note (type: noteworthy): This letter is a copy of manuscript 762516. It is uncertain to whom Wheelock refers when he mentions the "English Youth" in the second paragraph of one recto, and so he has been left untagged. The number 814 is circled in blue pencil at the top of one recto; it is likely a cataloguing number, possibly of a private collector. An editor, likely 19th-century, has added the note "To Whitefield" after the trailer on two verso. This note has not been included in the transcription.][note (type: signature): The signature is not in Wheelock’s hand.]

EventsOccom’s Second Mission to the Oneidas

  My dear [& | and]&and [Hond | honoured]Hondhonoured [Sr | Sir]SrSir
David[pers0155.ocp] my indian Scholar, [return'd | returned]return'dreturned july [18.th | 18th]18.th18th[1762-07-18] from  [ye | the]yethe Mohawk country[place0142.ocp], where I [inform'd | informed]inform'dinformed you in my [laſt | last]laſtlast  I [sint | sent]sintsent him, [& | and]&and brought with him four indian boys. 3  Mohawks [& | and]&and one of [ye | the]yethe Farmington tribe[org0044.ocp], [ye | the]yethe boys [& | and]&and girls  I expected from [Onida | Oneida]OnidaOneida[place0179.ocp], were [detain'd | detained]detain'ddetained by their Parents, on  account of a Rumour [& | and]&and [ſuspicion | suspicion]ſuspicionsuspicion of a [warr | war]warrwar full com‐ mencing between [ym | them]ymthem [& | and]&and [ye | the]yethe Nation on [ye | the]yethe Back of them [& | and]&and in  Such a [Caſe | case]Caſecase they did not [chuse | choose]chusechoose to have their Children  at [ſuch | such]ſuchsuch a distance from them, But perhaps they were  [ſuspicious | suspicious]ſuspicioussuspicious that they [ſhould | should]ſhouldshould be obliged to join these Nations  against [ye | the]yethe English — 
The English Youth of which I have [inform'd | informed]inform'dinformed you  who has been a Captive with [ye | the]yethe [Senecans | Senecas]SenecansSenecas[org0088.ocp] [till | until]tilluntil he is [maſter | master]maſtermaster of  their Language. [& | and]&and which I [ſent | sent]ſentsent for with a view to fit him  for an Interpreter to that Nation. was under such engagements  to a Trader at Black Fort[place0012.ocp], as that he could not get [illegible][clear'd | cleared]clear'dcleared  for the present, I have again wrote to [Gen.l | General]Gen.lGeneral Johnson[pers0292.ocp], who was  not at Home when I David[pers0155.ocp] was there [till | 'til]till'til [ye | the]yethe night before he came  away, [& | and]&and desired him to procure [& | and]&and [ſend | send]ſendsend [ye | the]yethe youth, if he [Eſteems | esteems]Eſteemsesteems him  likely to answer [ye | the]yethe design — [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. [Occum | Occom]OccumOccom[pers0030.ocp] writes me a very Me‐ ‐lancholy Letter. viz that, by an Untimely frost last fall,  their Indian Corn was all Cut [of | off]ofoff, that [ye | the]yethe [Onayadas | Oneidas]OnayadasOneidas[org0075.ocp] are almost  [ſtarv'd | starved]ſtarv'dstarved having nothing to live upon but what they get by  Hunting that they had just come in from their [Pidgeon | pigeon]Pidgeonpigeon [& | and]&and were going a fishing, as [ſoon | soon]ſoonsoon as they return  from that they will go after Deer, That he [follow'd | followed]follow'dfollowed them  but found it very difficult to get a number of them together  to preach to them, that by hard living ([tho | although]thoalthough they were as kind   to 
to him as they Could be) [& | and]&and especially by lying on [ye | the]yethe wet  Ground his old disorders (viz [Rhumatic | rheumatic]Rhumaticrheumatic) [return'd | returned]return'dreturned [& | and]&and he was  apprehensive he must return before [ye | the]yethe time appointed, That he  lived in fear of being [kill'd | killed]kill'dkilled. [tho | Although]thoAlthough [ye | the]yethe Indians had [promis'd | promised]promis'dpromised  him in [caſe | case]caſecase a [warr | war]warrwar [ſhould | should]ſhouldshould break out, they would [ſend | send]ſendsend  him under [ſufficient | sufficient]ſufficientsufficient guard down as far as [ye | the]yethe English  Settlements 
But there was something very good in his Letter viz that there were visibly good Effects of his Labours  among them last Year, [& | and]&and especially a Reformation among  them as to their Drinking 
My School[org0098.ocp] is in a flourishing State through [ye | the]yethe  Great Mercy of God, I have 19. in Number. viz 15 Males [& | and]&and   4. females, [& | and]&and [ye | the]yethe most of them appearing quite likely, I hope  I [ſhall | shall]ſhallshall have several well fitted for Interpreters [& | and]&and [Misſionarys | missionaries]Misſionarysmissionaries  in due time. I have been [favour'd | favoured]favour'dfavoured with [ye | the]yethe best of  of [Maſters | masters]Maſtersmasters [ſucceſsively | successfully]ſucceſsivelysuccessfully for some Years — I have received  [ye | the]yethe Bell you sent and it is decently hung on [ye | the]yethe [Houſe | house]Houſehouse Which  is devoted to [ye | the]yethe [ſervice | service]ſerviceservice. [& | and]&and we now feel [ye | the]yethe Benefit of it  we can keep Hours with little Trouble [& | and]&and I hope in Gods  Time it will be [use'd | used]use'dused to call [to gather | together]to gathertogether a little black [Aſſembly | assemby]Aſſemblyassemby  to hear you Preach Christ.
A small Counsel of Ministers has been lately [Call'd | called]Call'dcalled to  [Examin. | examine]Examin.examine [Saml | Samuel]SamlSamuel [Aſhpo | Ashpo]AſhpoAshpo[pers0002.ocp]. an Indian of whom I once wrote you  [& | and]&and they were so [farr | far]farrfar [ſatisfied | satisfied]ſatisfiedsatisfied [& | and]&and [pleas'd | pleased]pleas'dpleased with him as that  they advised to his being fitted as fast as may be for a  [Miſſion | mission]Miſſionmission. and accordingly I Expect Him to this School[org0098.ocp] this  week. [ſeveral | several]ſeveralseveral others I expect here soon [& | and]&and my hope for  their [ſupport | support]ſupportsupport is only in Him what [ye | the]yethe Earth is, [& | and]&and [ye | the]yethe [fullneſs | fullness]fullneſsfullness thereof 
The [Gen.l | general]Gen.lgeneral [Aſſembly | assembly]Aſſemblyassembly of [ye | the]yethe province of [ye | the]yethe [Maſsachusetts | Massachusetts]MaſsachusettsMassachusetts Bay[org0046.ocp],  last fall, voted me [ye | the]yethe [uſe | use]uſeuse of a Legacy of [S.r | Sir]S.rSir Peter  Warren[pers0559.ocp]. of about £750 [ſterling | sterling]ſterlingsterling which he left in their hands  for [ye | the]yethe Education of [ye | the]yethe Youth of [ye | the]yethe Six Nations[org0090.ocp], but I Understood  by [Dr | Dr.]DrDr. Chauncy[pers0118.ocp] that [ye | the]yethe new [form'd | formed]form'dformed Society in [& | and]&and about [Boſton | Boston]BoſtonBoston[org0093.ocp]  design if they can to get it into their hands, as [ſoon | soon]ſoonsoon as my  years [improvt | improvement]improvtimprovement of it is Expired — Also his Majesty [Counsell | Counsel]CounsellCounsel  and house of Representatives in [ye | the]yethe province of New [Hampſhire | Hampshire]HampſhireHampshire[org0056.ocp]  have voted to [ye | the]yethe [uſe | use]uſeuse of this School[org0098.ocp] £50 [ſterling | sterling]ſterlingsterling per annum  for five years [succeſively | successively]succeſivelysuccessively, but there was not time for [ye | the]yethe  [Governour | Governor]GovernourGovernor[pers0799.ocp] to Consider of [ye | the]yethe Act before he [prorogud | prorogued]prorogudprorogued [ye | the]yethe  [Aſſembly | assembly]Aſſemblyassembly[org0046.ocp] [& | and]&and so it is not yet [ſign'd | signed]ſign'dsigned[& | and]&and who knows to what  a Height this School[org0098.ocp] may arise from low and [deſpicable | despicable]deſpicabledespicable Beginnings  and what Glory may redound to the great Redeemer thereby  to God alone be all [ye | the]yethe Glory!
[Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Smith[pers0497.ocp] [inform'd | informed]inform'dinformed me that there was some talk in England[place0068.ocp]  of collecting a Library for [ye | the]yethe use of this School[org0098.ocp], may God  incline [ye | the]yethe Hearts of his people to promote that design  is there not a [ſociety | society]ſocietysociety[org0092.ocp] in England[place0068.ocp] lately [form'd | formed]form'dformed with a [ſpecial | special]ſpecialspecial  view to [ye | the]yethe printing [& | and]&and [disſperſing | dispersing]disſperſingdispersing [Usefull | useful]Usefulluseful Books? I wish I  could be [inform'd | informed]inform'dinformed particularly about it [& | and]&and if you think fit  introduced to a [Corresſpondance | correspondence]Corresſpondancecorrespondence with some members of it. [Miſs | Miss]MiſsMiss  Williams[pers0598.ocp] before she left Wethersfield[place0240.ocp], sent me a Number of  valuable and useful to be [disperſed | dispersed]disperſeddispersed as I judged but among  Children [&c | etc.]&cetc. which I now suppose might likely come to her from  that Society[org0092.ocp]. I have lately been [ſick | sick]ſicksick [& | and]&and brought low with  a [Dyſentry | dysentery]Dyſentrydysentery but [thro | through]throthrough [ye | the]yethe mercy of God am now able to do [ſome | some]ſomesome  [Buſsineſs | business]Buſsineſsbusiness
pray for Your Unworthy [Br.o | brother]Br.obrother [&c | etc.]&cetc.   Eleazar Wheelock[pers0036.ocp]
[right] Rev. [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Wheelock[pers0036.ocp]   [Sep.r | September]Sep.rSeptember 1762.[1762-09]   America[place0003.ocp]
Rev. [Mr | Mr.]MrMr. Wheelock[pers0036.ocp]   [Sep.r | September]Sep.rSeptember 1762.[1762-09]   America[place0003.ocp]
Document Summary

People identified in this document:

id Text in document Role in header Authorized Name
pers0036.ocp M. r Mr. Wheelock writer Wheelock, Eleazar
pers0155.ocp David mentioned Fowler, David
pers0292.ocp Gen. l General Johnson mentioned Johnson, William
pers0030.ocp M r Mr. Occum Occom mentioned Occom, Samson
pers0002.ocp Sam l Samuel Aſhpo Ashpo mentioned Ashpo, Samuel
pers0559.ocp S. r Sir Peter Warren mentioned Warren, Peter
pers0118.ocp D r Dr. Chauncy mentioned Chauncy, Charles
pers0799.ocp Governour Governor mentioned Wentworth, Benning
pers0497.ocp M r Mr. Smith mentioned Smith, John
pers0598.ocp Miſs Miss Williams mentioned Williams
pers0036.ocp Eleazar Wheelock writer Wheelock, Eleazar
pers0036.ocp Rev. M r Mr. Wheelock writer Wheelock, Eleazar

Places identified in this document:

id Text in document Authorized Name
place0122.ocp Lebanon Lebanon
place0142.ocp Mohawk country Mohawk Country
place0179.ocp Onida Oneida Oneida
place0012.ocp Black Fort Black Fort
place0068.ocp England England
place0240.ocp Wethersfield Wethersfield
place0003.ocp America America

Organizations identified in this document:

id Text in document Authorized Name
org0044.ocp Farmington tribe Farmington Tribe
org0088.ocp SenecansSenecas Seneca Nation
org0075.ocp OnayadasOneidas Oneida Nation
org0098.ocp School Moor’s Indian Charity School
org0098.ocp this School Moor’s Indian Charity School
org0046.ocp Gen.lgeneral Aſſemblyassembly of yethe province of yethe MaſsachusettsMassachusetts Bay General Assembly of the Province of the Massachusetts Bay
org0090.ocp Six Nations Six Nations
org0093.ocp Society in &and about BoſtonBoston Society for Propagating Christian Knowledge among the Indians of North America
org0056.ocp his Majesty CounsellCounsel and house of Representatives in yethe province of New HampſhireHampshire His Majesty Counsell and House of Representatives in the Province of New Hampshire
org0098.ocp this School Moor’s Indian Charity School
org0046.ocp Aſſemblyassembly General Assembly of the Province of the Massachusetts Bay
org0092.ocp ſocietysociety Society for Propagating Religious Knowledge Among the Poor
org0092.ocp that Society Society for Propagating Religious Knowledge Among the Poor

Dates identified in this document:

Standard Form Text
1762-09-16 Sep. tSeptember 16. 1762
1762-07-18 july 18.th18th
1762-09 Sep.rSeptember 1762.

Regularized text:

Type Original Regularized
modernization M.r Mr.
modernization Hond honoured
modernization Sr Sir
variation return'd returned
modernization 18.th 18th
modernization ye the
modernization laſt last
variation sint sent
variation Onida Oneida
variation detain'd detained
modernization ſuspicion suspicion
variation warr war
modernization ym them
modernization Caſe case
variation chuse choose
modernization ſuch such
modernization ſuspicious suspicious
modernization ſhould should
variation inform'd informed
variation Senecans Senecas
variation till until
modernization maſter master
modernization ſent sent
modernization Gen.l General
variation till 'til
modernization ſend send
modernization Eſteems esteems
modernization Mr Mr.
variation Occum Occom
variation of off
variation Onayadas Oneidas
modernization ſtarv'd starved
variation Pidgeon pigeon
modernization ſoon soon
variation follow'd followed
variation tho although
variation Rhumatic rheumatic
variation kill'd killed
variation tho Although
variation promis'd promised
modernization caſe case
modernization ſufficient sufficient
modernization ſhall shall
modernization Misſionarys missionaries
variation favour'd favoured
modernization Maſters masters
modernization ſucceſsively successfully
modernization Houſe house
modernization ſervice service
variation to gather together
modernization Aſſembly assemby
variation Call'd called
variation Examin. examine
modernization Saml Samuel
modernization Aſhpo Ashpo
variation farr far
modernization ſatisfied satisfied
variation pleas'd pleased
modernization Miſſion mission
modernization ſeveral several
modernization ſupport support
modernization fullneſs fullness
modernization Gen.l general
modernization Aſſembly assembly
modernization Maſsachusetts Massachusetts
modernization uſe use
modernization S.r Sir
modernization ſterling sterling
modernization Dr Dr.
variation form'd formed
modernization Boſton Boston
variation improvt improvement
variation Counsell Counsel
modernization Hampſhire Hampshire
modernization succeſively successively
variation Governour Governor
modernization prorogud prorogued
modernization ſign'd signed
modernization deſpicable despicable
modernization ſociety society
modernization ſpecial special
modernization disſperſing dispersing
variation Usefull useful
modernization Corresſpondance correspondence
modernization Miſs Miss
modernization disperſed dispersed
modernization &c etc.
modernization ſick sick
modernization Dyſentry dysentery
variation thro through
modernization ſome some
modernization Buſsineſs business
modernization Br.o brother

Expanded abbreviations:

Abbreviation Expansion
Sep. t September
& and
inform'd informed
clear'd cleared
return'd returned
use'd used
Sep.r September

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