Samson Occom, herbal remedies and letter fragment


[note (type: abstract): Herbal remedies and a letter fragment.][note (type: handwriting): Occom's hand is largely clear and legible; however, within the context, many letters and words are difficult to decipher.][note (type: paper): Several small sheets folded into a booklet and bound with thread are in good condition, with light-to-moderate staining and wear.][note (type: ink): Brown ink is faded on some pages. There is some spattering that occasionally makes it difficult to differentiate between ink spots and punctuation.][note (type: noteworthy): When Occom's intention regarding a word or abbreviation is uncertain, the word or abbreviation has been left unmodified in the modernized transcription. Lines separating each numbered section of the herbal remedies have not been transcribed. The contents of the letter fragment are very similar to those of manuscript 756900.2.][note (type: layout): The journal fragment is, relative to one recto, written upside-down and meant to be read from the back of the booklet.]
of [Aſhes | ashes]Aſhesashes — good for  [Pluracy | pleurisy]Pluracypleurisy  6  Indian [Alm | Elm]AlmElm  good for Sore mouth  7  geepbiyanbuſ[illegible][illegible] good  for ^[above] young^young Children that  are inclining to  fits, Start[illegible][guess (maggiec): l]led  8  — Cowachink  good for [Cole | [guess (): cold]cold]Cole[guess (): cold]cold  9  witch Root good for  Bait for [Muſk | musk]Muſkmusk  11
[wehſuc.k | wehsuck]wehſuc.kwehsuck or Bitter Root  good to kill [Liſe | lice]Liſelice  12  the Same Root with  Some Powder and Salt  [Soked | soaked]Sokedsoaked in water and  take [a bout | about]a boutabout one Spoon [full | ful]fullful at a time — then  wet the Same in  Salt water from the  Sea to Rub all over  the Body, for [Eich | itch]Eichitch  13 [Maſter w[illegible][guess (maggiec): or]ort | Masterwort]Maſter w[illegible][guess (maggiec): or]ortMasterwort good for  one Sort of [headake | headache]headakeheadache  14  the Same [Rt | root]Rtroot and the  Little [Sor | sort]Sorsort of willow [rt | root]rtroot  thetake [wil | willow]wilwillow [rt | root]rtroot [firſt | first]firſtfirst — one ^[above] Spoon^Spoon  good for kings Evil —  15
Eating [Rt | root]Rtroot [& | and]&and [Poiſon | poison]Poiſonpoison Iviy  wVine Sap  16  A Long Notched Leaf  good Boil  17  [Maſter | master]Maſtermaster over witch  [Rt | root]Rtroot  18  A [Rt | root]Rtroot for fits Pound  the [Rt | root]Rtroot and [Soke | soak]Sokesoak in  water about half an  hour 4 [Rts | roots]Rtsroots will do[illegible][guess (maggiec): e]e  19  Long Fever herb take  it the Leaves ^[above] [& | and]&and^[& | and]&and th^[above] r^row  them into hot water  and Put them upon  the [wrſts | wrists]wrſtswrists [hallow | hollow]hallowhollow of the  [illegible] feet and upon the  forehead  20
Indian fl[illegible]ax [illegible][guess (maggiec): a]a [Rt | root]Rtroot [Boil^[above] d^d | boiled]Boil^[above] d^dboiled  good for Bloody flux  21  Indian [hamp | hemp]hamphemp good  for to Draw anything  ^[above] out^out of Sores  22  Robbin Planting ^[above] Soup^Soup  good to Draw Corrup tion  23  an herb good for worm^[above] s^s  24  Poplar ^[above] [Rt | root]Rtroot^[Rt | root]Rtroot and teeth [Rt | root]Rtroot  [Boild | boiled]Boildboiled good for [Ruma^[above] tick^tick | rheumatic]Ruma^[above] tick^tickrheumatic  25  S[illegible][guess (maggiec): cen]cents good to make one  vomit  26
S[illegible][guess (maggiec): cen]cents [alſo | also]alſoalso good for  humerous Sores  27  Toad [Sorril | sorrel]Sorrilsorrel good for  [bruiſe | bruise]bruiſebruise  28  [Winter-green | Wintergreen]Winter-greenWintergreen and  anothter [herbe | herb]herbeherb [boild | boiled]boildboiled  in 3 Quarts of water  [till | 'til]till'til it is [Conſum’d | consumed]Conſum’dconsumed to  a pint and then take  a [jill | gill]jillgill honey to it  good for Throat [Cankerd | cankered]Cankerdcankered  29  an herb good to make  women bear Children  [Prety | Pretty]PretyPretty high [Sto[illegible][guess (maggiec): r]rk | stalk]Sto[illegible][guess (maggiec): r]rkstalk and  Long Leaves  30
wores [Rt | root]Rtroot good to Draw  young mens to Young  women  31  a [wead | weed]weadweed good to [Reſtrain | restrain]Reſtrainrestrain  women from bearing  Children —  32  [Horſe | horse]Horſehorse [Penroial | pennyroyal]Penroialpennyroyal and  five fingers Leaves  [boild | boiled]boildboiled [togather | together]togathertogether good  for Fever-Ague  33  [illegible] An [herbe | herb]herbeherb good for  [Rattle Snakes | rattlesnake's]Rattle Snakesrattlesnake's bite  34  [Solonom Seal | Solomon's Seal]Solonom SealSolomon's Seal and Swamp  penro^[above] a^al [penroial | pennyroyal]penroialpennyroyal and water  [Criſſis | Crissis]CriſſisCrissis Seal [m[illegible][guess (maggiec): oſ]oſt | most]m[illegible][guess (maggiec): oſ]oſtmost [boild | boiled]boildboiled  [togather | together]togathertogether — good for [Conſum tion | consump tion]Conſum tionconsump tion  35
Prickly [Leav’d | leaved]Leav’dleaved and  Thorns [Rts | roots]Rtsroots [moſt | most]moſtmost of the  thorn. [boild | boiled]boildboiled in about  3 Quarts of water [till | 'til]till'til  [Conſumd | consumed]Conſumdconsumed to a Quart —  good for [Heart born | heartburn]Heart bornheartburn  36  An herb good for green  wound a Small [Slinder | slender]Slinderslender  Stalk with [Buſhee | bushy]Buſheebushy top  37  another [wead | weed]weadweed Some w[illegible]hat Like the other herb  good for Sore Eyes [Cauſed | caused]Cauſedcaused  by Cold with a So[illegible][guess (maggiec): r]re  heated Put upon the  hinder part the Neck  38
water Dock [Rt | root]Rtroot take  and boil and take the  [Rt | root]Rtroot after it is [boil’d | boiled]boil’dboiled and  Pound it fine to mLay  upon f[illegible][guess (maggiec): a]ax Sore and  [illegible]ce of the water of  for it is good for it  39  Sweet flag good for  [Cloted | clotted]Clotedclotted Blood  40  Augeet good for [buſt | bust]buſtbust  take the [Rt | root]Rtroot and Pound  it in hot water and  [lett | let]lettlet about a [jill | gill]jillgill at once  twice a Day  41  A little Sort of India^[above] n^n  flax for a [Perſon | person]Perſonperson to  take 2 Days together  that has French Pox
and then take [Saſarfax | sassafras]Saſarfaxsassafras  and [milk wead | milkweed]milk weadmilkweed and  Pound them together  2 [thrids | thirds]thridsthirds of the [firſt | first]firſtfirst and  third of the [Laſt | last]Laſtlast  42  the [Docter | doctor]Docterdoctor [muſt | must]muſtmust [kake | cake]kakecake  an herb and Rub  his hands with it  [wile | while]wilewhile he is [Dreſſing | dressing]Dreſſingdressing  the [Patien | patient]Patienpatient  43  [Muſk | Musk]MuſkMusk, with Some his fat  and [Furr | fur]Furrfur w[Mixt | mixed]Mixtmixed [togather | together]togathertogether  good for [Ear ake | earache]Ear akeearache  44
Wauhtouwox and Grape  Vine Sap good for [flme | film]flmefilm over  the Eye  45  another herb and [Saſſar‐ fax | sassa‐ fras]Saſſar‐ faxsassa‐ fras heart and [Speccle | speckle]Specclespeckle  beans Good for Sore  Eyes  46  Herb good ^[above] to^to heal  [brocken | broken]brockenbroken bones fingers and ^[above] about the^about the ^[below] foot^foot  47  Pitch Pine [Budes | buds]Budesbuds and  Small [wiled | wild]wiledwild Cherry Tree  but 2 third of the Latter  [Boild | boiled]Boildboiled [togeg | together]togegtogether — good for  young Women [whoſe | whose]whoſewhose  Flowers are [Stopt | stopped]Stoptstopped by  [weakneſs | weakness]weakneſsweakness of Nature  48
[Dears | Deer's]DearsDeer's horn [illegible] and Mut  [illegible][guess (maggiec): ly youbuck]ly youbuck, but the  horn [ſhoud | should]ſhoudshould be [gated | grated]gatedgrated  [mak | make]makmake about a [jill | gill]jillgill  and boil it in about  6 [jills | gills]jillsgills of water and  Let it boil away half  then the other into it  [goo | Good]gooGood for Young Women  When their Monthly  [Sickneſs | sickness]Sickneſssickness [over flows | overflows]over flowsoverflows  49  an herb [boild | boiled]boildboiled in 2  gallon of water and  boil it about half away  and then Cool it. and  then Put about 3 [Qurts | quarts]Qurtsquarts  of [Pound it | [guess (): pounded]pounded]Pound it[guess (): pounded]pounded flax Seed  good [fror | for]frorfor to [Eaſe | ease]Eaſeease women  that are ^[above] in^in [Traval | travail]Travaltravail  40 ^[above] 50^50
S[illegible][guess (maggiec): uqee]uqeet and [illegible] Sp[illegible][guess (maggiec): ec]ecknand  and healing [wead | weed]weadweed, that  are [buſhee | bushy]buſheebushy sgood to heal  [brocken | broken]brockenbroken bones about  Thighs Legs and arms  51 41
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Montauk[place0144.ocp] January [ye | the]yethe 13[1754-01-13]  [the[illegible][guess (maggiec): ſe]ſe | these]the[illegible][guess (maggiec): ſe]ſethese far from my thoughts
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Look upon [my Self | myself]my Selfmyself of all  Creatures [moſt | most]moſtmost [InDebtted | indebted]InDebttedindebted to god  in that he has [Shewn | shown]Shewnshown [Suck | such]Sucksuch  [Diſtinguiſhing | distinguishing]Diſtinguiſhingdistinguishing Favours to me  in giving [illegible]greater advantages  to me, to know him and his  ways, Particularly By [Stir‐ ing | stir‐ ring]Stir‐ ingstir‐ ring up the Hearts of many of  his People, to take notice of  me with an Eye of Pity and  [Compaſsion | compassion]Compaſsioncompassion, in that they have  received me in their Favour  and have [manifeſted | manifested]manifeſtedmanifested their  Pity to me, in [Endleſs | endless]Endleſsendless [Inſtances | instances]Inſtancesinstances  [amongſt | amongst]amongſtamongst [illegible][guess (maggiec): which]which which your  Self is on ^[above] one^one of the
and Shall always Look  upon [my Self | myself]my Selfmyself ^[above] [illegible]^[illegible] Greatly  beholden to you, [illegible]Even as  Long as I Shall have my  [wright | right]wrightright [Sinces | senses]Sincessenses about me,  for the Book and Money  that you have Sent me  by the Hands of the [Revd | Rev.]RevdRev. [Mr | Mr.]MrMr.  Wheelock[pers0036.ocp] of Lebanon[place0122.ocp], may  god Reward you out of his  [Emence | immense]Emenceimmense [Treaſure | treasure]Treaſuretreasure of Spiritua^[above] l^l  Rewards and gifts, the Psal^[above] [illegible]^[illegible]  Says, [Beleſsed | Blessed]BeleſsedBlessed is he that [Con ſidereth | con sidereth]Con ſiderethcon sidereth the Poor — and Since  you have [Shewn | shown]Shewnshown Such Favou^[above] r^r  to me, Maynt I have an [In‐ truſt | in‐ terest]In‐ truſtin‐ terest in your [addreſses | addresses]addreſsesaddresses at  the T^[above] h^hrone of grace
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Document Summary

People identified in this document:

id Text in document Role in header Authorized Name
pers0036.ocp Rev d Rev. M r Mr. Wheelock mentioned Wheelock, Eleazar

Places identified in this document:

id Text in document Authorized Name
place0144.ocp Montauk Montauk
place0122.ocp Lebanon Lebanon

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Dates identified in this document:

Standard Form Text
1754-01-13 January yethe 13

Regularized text:

Type Original Regularized
modernization Aſhes ashes
variation Pluracy pleurisy
variation Alm Elm
variation Cole [guess (): cold]cold
modernization Muſk musk
modernization wehſuc.k wehsuck
modernization Liſe lice
variation Soked soaked
variation a bout about
variation full ful
variation Eich itch
modernization Maſter w[illegible][guess (maggiec): or]ort Masterwort
variation headake headache
variation Sor sort
modernization firſt first
modernization Poiſon poison
modernization Maſter master
variation Soke soak
variation hallow hollow
variation Boil^[above] d^d boiled
variation hamp hemp
modernization alſo also
variation Sorril sorrel
modernization bruiſe bruise
variation Winter-green Wintergreen
variation herbe herb
variation boild boiled
variation till 'til
variation jill gill
variation Cankerd cankered
variation Prety Pretty
variation Sto[illegible][guess (maggiec): r]rk stalk
variation wead weed
modernization Reſtrain restrain
modernization Horſe horse
variation Penroial pennyroyal
variation togather together
variation Rattle Snakes rattlesnake's
variation Solonom Seal Solomon's Seal
variation penroial pennyroyal
modernization Criſſis Crissis
modernization m[illegible][guess (maggiec): oſ]oſt most
modernization Conſum tion consump tion
modernization Conſumd consumed
variation Heart born heartburn
variation Slinder slender
modernization Buſhee bushy
modernization Cauſed caused
variation Cloted clotted
modernization buſt bust
variation lett let
modernization Perſon person
modernization Saſarfax sassafras
variation milk wead milkweed
modernization Laſt last
variation Docter doctor
modernization muſt must
variation kake cake
variation wile while
modernization Dreſſing dressing
modernization Muſk Musk
variation Furr fur
variation Mixt mixed
variation Ear ake earache
variation flme film
variation Saſſar‐ fax sassa‐ fras
variation Speccle speckle
variation brocken broken
variation Budes buds
variation wiled wild
modernization whoſe whose
variation Stopt stopped
modernization weakneſs weakness
variation Dears Deer's
modernization ſhoud should
variation gated grated
variation mak make
variation jills gills
modernization Sickneſs sickness
variation over flows overflows
variation Pound it [guess (): pounded]pounded
modernization Eaſe ease
variation Traval travail
modernization buſhee bushy
modernization ye the
modernization the[illegible][guess (maggiec): ſe]ſe these
variation my Self myself
variation InDebtted indebted
variation Shewn shown
modernization Diſtinguiſhing distinguishing
variation Stir‐ ing stir‐ ring
modernization Compaſsion compassion
modernization manifeſted manifested
modernization Endleſs endless
modernization Inſtances instances
modernization amongſt amongst
variation wright right
variation Sinces senses
modernization Revd Rev.
modernization Mr Mr.
variation Emence immense
modernization Treaſure treasure
modernization Beleſsed Blessed
modernization Con ſidereth con sidereth
modernization In‐ truſt in‐ terest
modernization addreſses addresses

Expanded abbreviations:

Abbreviation Expansion
Rt root
rt root
wil willow
& and
Rts roots
wrſts wrists
Ruma^[above] tick^tick rheumatic
Conſum’d consumed
Leav’d leaved
boil’d boiled
Patien patient
togeg together
goo Good
Qurts quarts

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Summary of errors found in this document:

Number of dates with invalid 'when' attributes: 0
Number of nested "hi" tags: (consider merging the @rend attributes, or using other tags) 0
Number of tags with invalid 'rend' attributes: 0 (out of 12)
Number of people/places/organizations with unknown keys: 0 (out of 3)
Number of "add" tags with unknown 'place' attributes: 0 (out of 23)
Mixed case attribute values in header (potential error): 0 (out of 93)