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Samson Occom, sermon, Matthew 22:42; marriage ceremony

ms-number: 003222

[note (type: abstract): Occom's partial notes for a sermon on the theme "What think ye of Christ?" are written in the same booklet as the text of a marriage ceremony.][note (type: handwriting): Handwriting is largely clear and legible. There are several deletions and additions. As is common with Occom, there are uncrossed t's, crossed l's, undotted i's, and dotted e's, which the transcriber has corrected.][note (type: paper): Several small sheets are folded into a booklet and are in good-to-fair condition, with moderate wear and staining. A hole in the top left corner of one recto runs through the next three pages resulting in a minor loss of text.][note (type: ink): Brown ink varies in intensity.][note (type: noteworthy): The sermon notes end abruptly and, after a blank page, Occom has written the text for a marriage ceremony. The sermon is undated; however, given the references to its audience, as well as language that is identical to that used in a later letter that refers to Occom's travels in England (manuscript 771424), it is likely that these are notes for a sermon that Occom delivered on his fundraising trip to Great Britain. In instances where Occom's intention regarding a word is uncertain, the word has been left unmodified in the modernized transcription. An editor, likely 19th-century, has made notes on one recto; these notes have not been transcribed.]

events: Fundraising Tour of Great Britain

[note (type: editorial): Non-contemporary text, not transcribed.]

[note (type: editorial): Blank page.]

Matthew. 22:42
Saying what think ye
of [Chriſt | Christ]ChriſtChrist
It Looks to me Some like
a [Dareing | daring]Dareingdaring [Preſumtion | presumption]Preſumtionpresumption, that
I [Shou'd | should]Shou'dshould Stand before you
this Day as a Teacher,
what Can I Say to you,
you that are highly [Privi
ledg'd | privi
of the Lord of [Hoſts | hosts]Hoſtshosts,
to whom heGod has done
great and [Marvelouſs | marvelous]Marvelouſsmarvelous things
, You [thar | that]tharthat are Lifted within
Sight of Heaven, as it were,
in Point of [Goſpel | Gospel]GoſpelGospel [Bleſsings | Blessings]BleſsingsBlessings,
and you that are [refin'd | refined]refin'drefined with
Literature and kinds of Sciences
who am I [Shoud | should]Shoudshould that I Stand

Stand before this Great [Con‐
greget[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): t]tion | con
greget[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): t]tion
this Day, I [gap: hole][guess (h-dawnd): that]that
am but [above] aa Babe in Religion
that begun to think of it, as it
were but [Yeſterday | yesterday]Yeſterdayyesterday, and imper
fect every way, I Shall b[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): e]eut
ButBetray my Profound Ignoran[above] cece
in speaking to before you —
And what Shall do, for I have
not the [Wiſdom | wisdom]Wiſdomwisdom of the [Wiſe | wise]Wiſewise nor
Knowledge of the Learned nor
Eloquence of the [above] anan [oratour | orator]oratourorator — but
I [wiſh | wish]wiſhwish [Coud | could]Coudcould with Propriety say
to any one Poor Impotent Soul
in this great Congregation,
as Peter Said to a Poor [Criple | cripple]Criplecripple,
Silver and Gold have I none
but Such as I have give thee
In the Name of [Jeſus | Jesus]JeſusJesus [Chriſt | Christ]ChriſtChrist of
Nazareth, [Riſe | Rise]RiſeRise [illegible]up and walk
In[illegible]deed Sirs, when I [thuſ | thus]thuſthus [Conſider | consider]Conſiderconsider
with [my Self | myself]my Selfmyself I am ready to [wiſh | wish]wiſhwish

[my ſelf | myself]my ſelfmyself in the [Meaneſt | Meanest]MeaneſtMeanest Corner
of the [Houſe | House]HouſeHouse of god, if there is
a[illegible]ny [ſuch | such]ſuchsuch Place, to attend
with Silence and [Prouud | proud]Prouudproud humi
liation, and [Sh[above] oou'd | should]Sh[above] oou'dshould [Esteeme | esteem]Esteemeesteem it
an [Ineſtimable | Inestimable]IneſtimableInestimable Privilege to Joi[above] nn
with the People of God in his
Divine [Worſhip | Worship]WorſhipWorship
Yet Since, God in [above] hishis [Miſterious | mysterious]Miſteriousmysterious,
you [almosſt | almost]almosſtalmost [Meraculous | miraculous]Meraculousmiraculous Pro‐
vidence, has taken me from
the Dung Hill, and from [Hea‐
theniſth | Hea‐
[Darkneſs | Darkness]DarkneſsDarkness and [Groſs | Gross]GroſsGross Ido‐
latry, — to this Sacred [Deſk | Desk]DeſkDesk, in
this very ꞈ before you, and be‐
fore the Eternal Jehovah, —
if it may be for gods Glory
and Honor, I think I am to
ready to Stand before you
all, if it is only as a [Spec‐
tic[illegible]al | spec‐
and a Gazing Stock,
But by the Importunity
of Some Friends an I am [willg | willing]willgwilling

willing to gratify you all,
and [Preſuming | presuming]Preſumingpresuming the Candor [gap: hole][guess (h-dawnd): of]of
the whole this Assembly,
I will [above] nownow freely begin with the
Text, with out any further
Apology, —
And here I have [Choſen | chosen]Choſenchosen an
[inexhauſtable | inexhaustible]inexhauſtableinexhaustible Text [above] no doubt you have hea[above] rdrdno doubt you have hea[above] rdrd which
[repreſents | represents]repreſentsrepresents the [above] veryvery Life and Marro[above] ww
of the [Chriſtian | Christian]ChriſtianChristian Religion, the
very Centre of the whole Bible
John V.39
our Text Contains the [above] [greateſt | greatest]greateſtgreatest[greateſt | greatest]greateſtgreatest [Queſtion | Question]QueſtionQuestion
in the [Chriſtian | Christian]ChriſtianChristian Religion —
Life [Everlaſting | Everlasting]EverlaſtingEverlasting is the reward
to them that [Anſweres | Answers]AnſweresAnswers it righ[above] tt
[illegible]but Eternal Death to them
that won't [Anſwere | Answer]AnſwereAnswer it right
But to make a way for
the Text let us [Conſider | consider]Conſiderconsider the
[ocation | occasion]ocationoccasion of this Important
[Queſtion | Question]QueſtionQuestion

you may Remember, that
S[gap: hole][guess (h-dawnd): e]everal Crafty [Queſtions | Questions]QueſtionsQuestions were
[Propoſed | proposed]Propoſedproposed to our [Bleſsed | Blessed]BleſsedBlessed by Differ‐
ent Sorts of People, to [Intangle | entangle]Intangleentangle
him, but they were taken in their
own Traps and were Confounded, [& | and]&and
while the [Pharaſees | Pharisees]PharaſeesPharisees were gathered
together, [Jeſus | Jesus]JeſusJesus took an [oppertunity | opportunity]oppertunityopportunity
to [Propoſe | propose]Propoſepropose unto them this one great
and [moſt | most]moſtmost Important [Queſtion | Question]QueſtionQuestion, which
was [Contain'd | contained]Contain'dcontained in their Religion,
Saying what think ye of [Chriſt | Christ]ChriſtChrist
[whoſe | whose]whoſewhose son is he, they Said the Son
of David, [&c | etc.]&cetc.
Hear we may Plainly see, how
what a [Reſtleſs | restless]Reſtleſsrestless thing Man's mind
is, (how [Buſy | busy]Buſybusy were the[ſe | se]ſese thoughts
of [theſe | these]theſethese Men about [Chriſt | Christ]ChriſtChrist,) —
Man's thoughts are always upon
ago, [illegible]on some object or other, it
is Like a Living Spring that runs
Continually; and Indeed it is this
that [Diſtinguiſhes | distinguishes]Diſtinguiſhesdistinguishes him from the
[Beaſts | Beasts]BeaſtsBeasts of the Field; — But all
the objects of thought [Chriſt | Christ]ChriſtChrist Shou[gap: worn_edge][guess (h-dawnd): d]d
be the only object of Meditation
But man is far Degenerated

that his thoughts are Continu
ally runing other objects, up
on Creat[illegible]ure, more than upon the
Creator, — how apt isare maen [above] inin to
[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): this]thisour Day, to [Inq[above] iiure | inquire]Inq[above] iiureinquire after News
and if any [above] remarkableremarkable thing is done by our
Fellow Men, how ready are we
to [Aplaud | applaud]Aplaudapplaud and Admire such a
one, As in our Day, [Chriſt | Christ]ChriſtChrist has
greatly [Honord | honoured]Honordhonoured, the King of [Pruſ
ſia | Prus
in [Riſing | Rising]RiſingRising him, to Humble
his [Enemees | enemies]Enemeesenemies, how is he [admir'd | admired]admir'dadmired
[every w[illegible]here | everywhere]every w[illegible]hereeverywhere, but it is [above] toto be
[feard | feared]feardfeared [Chriſt | Christ]ChriſtChrist is forgot by ma[illegible]
ny, he [Shoud | should]Shoudshould be our admirati
on and give him the [Praiſe | Praise]PraiſePraise
for it is he [yt | that]ytthat has done this
all [theſe | these]theſethese [theſe | these]theſethese things by his
Servant, indeed Sirs [Ceeſar | Caesar]CeeſarCaesar
ought to have his Due

All that I shall have to
do with this Text is, to See
what Different opinions there
has been about [Chriſt | Christ]ChriſtChrist in all
Ages, Both under the old and
New [Teſtament | Testament]TeſtamentTestament,
and in doing of which I shall
give you Short [Acount | account]Acountaccount of [X | Christ]XChrist
According to Scripture [illegible]
1. as he was the [Promiſed | Promised]PromiſedPromised
[Miſſiah | Messiah]MiſſiahMessiah,
2. as he was Actually Con‐
ceived and Borne unto the wor[above] ldld
3. his [Puplick | public]Puplickpublic Appearance
and [Miniſtration | Ministration]MiniſtrationMinistration.
1. his Miracles
2. his Doctrine

4. his Death [illegible] Burial and [re‐
ſurrection | re‐
, and Appearance
to his [Diſciples | Disciples]DiſciplesDisciples
5. his [Asſention | Ascension]AsſentionAscension and Exalta‐
tion at the Right Hand of god
the Father
6. his [Interceſſion | Intercession]InterceſſionIntercession,

7. his Second Coming to Judge
the world at the [laſt | last]laſtlast Day
1 [firſt | first]firſtfirst then let us see how was
[Chriſt | Christ]ChriſtChrist [repreſented | represented]repreſentedrepresented to the world
under the old Covenant, and what
Treatment he met with in the
world, we find [Acording | according]Acordingaccording to Scrip
tures that was [Repreſented | Represented]RepreſentedRepresented by
various Names Titles and Sha
dows and Figures
he was [Calld | called]Calldcalled the [ſeed | seed]ſeedseed of the
woman the [ſeed | seed]ſeedseed of Abraham
Isa[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): e]ea and Jacob, his Name
was Shilo, [Miſſias | Messiahs]MiſſiasMessiahs Emanuel
a Servant the B[illegible]ranch a [tryed | tried]tryedtried
Stone the Chief [Corner Stone | Cornerstone]Corner StoneCornerstone
the Lord our [Righteouſnes | Righteousness]RighteouſnesRighteousness the
Root and the Rod of [Jeſſe | Jesse]JeſſeJesse the
Morning Star, the Prophet
[Prieſt | Priest]PrieſtPriest and King the wonder
ful [Counſeller | Counsellor]CounſellerCounsellor the mighty god
the [Ever laſting | Everlasting]Ever laſtingEverlasting Father the [Prin[above] cc | Prince]Prin[above] ccPrince
of Peace, [beſides | besides]beſidesbesides [theſe | these]theſethese he was
[Repreſented | represented]Repreſentedrepresented by various

Figures Sacrifices and Cere‐
monies, and his Servants
the Pro[illegible]phets Did many Signs
and wonders by his opperati
yet [moſt | most]moſtmost all the world were
[againſt | against]againſtagainst them Except a few,
as the Jews were the Peculi
ar People of god all the world
was against them, and [illegible]
there there were but few true
godly People ever among the
Jews, the and they were hated
by [there | their]theretheir own [above] unbeunbe Brethren, and,
were Slain Chiefly by their
own Brethren
[2ly | Secondly]2lySecondly when [Chriſt | Christ]ChriſtChrist was Born
they [Roſe | Rose]RoſeRose up [againſt | against]againſtagainst him
and [woud | would]woudwould have Slew him
as Soon as he was born —
B And there were but few [yt | that]ytthat
[Rejoicd | rejoiced]Rejoicdrejoiced at his Birth, Such
as the Shepherds, and the [illegible][above] [illegible][illegible]
and Anna the [Prophetes | Prophetess]ProphetesProphetess

and [wiſe | wise]wiſewise men from the [Eaſt | East]EaſtEast [&c | etc.]&cetc.
/[3[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): l]l | Thirdly]3[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): l]lThirdly his [Publick | public]Publickpublic appearance
and [Mſiniſtration | ministration]Mſiniſtrationministration, 1 his mira
and [ſecondly | secondly]ſecondlysecondly his Doctrine
we find his [firſt | first]firſtfirst appearance in
the Temple of God, Sitting in
[midſt | midst]midſtmidst of the Doctors, Both hear
ing and Asking them [Queſtions | Questions]QueſtionsQuestions
and often this we have an
Account of his Miracles [&c | etc.]&cetc.
and now was the Time for
man to think of him, but
what did they think of him?
and his Preaching was now
[alſo | also]alſoalso [Publick | public]Publickpublic to every mans
[Conſideration | consideration]Conſiderationconsideration, but what did
they [ſay | say]ſaysay of him, there was
Indeed [Defferent | different]Defferentdifferent Judgments a
bout him Some [&c | etc.]&cetc.

[note (type: editorial): Blank page.]

you do take this woman to be
your Married Wife, and
do in the [Preſence | Presence]PreſencePresence of god
and before [theſe | these]theſethese [witneſses | witnesses]witneſseswitnesses,
[Promiſe | Promise]PromiſePromise to band Covenant
to be a loving and faithful
[Huſband | Husband]HuſbandHusband unto her, [untill | until]untilluntil
God shall [Separat | separate]Separatseparate you
by Death —
you do in like manner
take this Man, to be
your Married [Huſband | Husband]HuſbandHusband,
and do in [Preſence | Presence]PreſencePresence of god,
and before [theſe | these]theſethese [Witneſes | Witnesses]WitneſesWitnesses
[Promiſe | Promise]PromiſePromise to be loving [faithfl | faithful]faithflfaithful
and obedient wife unto
him, [till | 'til]till'til god Shall [sep[illegible] | separate]sep[illegible]separate
you by Death

I do then before god, and
[theſe | these]theſethese [witneſes | witnesses]witneſeswitnesses, Declare
you to be [Huſband | Husband]HuſbandHusband and
[wif | wife]wifwife — Therefore what
God has [Joind | joined]Joindjoined together
Let [gap: hole][guess (h-dawnd): no]no man but [aſund | asunder]aſundasunder

[note (type: editorial): Blank page.]

Occom, Samson

Samson Occom was a Mohegan leader and ordained Presbyterian minister. Occom began his public career in 1742, when he was chosen as a tribal counselor to Ben Uncas II. The following year, he sought out Eleazar Wheelock, a young Anglo-American minister in Lebanon, CT, in hopes of obtaining some education and becoming a teacher at Mohegan. Wheelock agreed to take on Occom as a student, and though Occom had anticipated staying for a few weeks or months, he remained with Wheelock for four years. Occom’s academic success inspired Wheelock to open Moor’s Indian Charity School in 1754, a project which gave him the financial and political capital to establish Dartmouth College in 1769. After his time with Wheelock, Occom embarked on a 12-year mission to the Montauk of Long Island (1749-1761). He married a Montauk woman, Mary Fowler, and served as both teacher and missionary to the Montauk and nearby Shinnecock, although he was grievously underpaid for his services. Occom conducted two brief missions to the Oneida in 1761 and 1762 before embarking on one of the defining journeys of his career: a fundraising tour of Great Britain that lasted from 1765 to 1768. During this journey, undertaken on behalf of Moor’s Indian Charity School, Occom raised £12,000 (an enormous and unanticpated amount that translates roughly to more than two-million dollars), and won wide acclaim for his preaching and comportment. Upon his return to Mohegan in 1768, Occom discovered that Wheelock had failed to adequately care for his family while he was gone. Additionally, despite the vast sums of money that he had raised, Occom found himself unemployed. Wheelock tried to find Occom a missionary position, but Occom was in poor health and disinclined to leave his family again after seeing the treatment with which they had met while he was in Britain. Occom and Wheelock’s relationship continued to sour as it became apparent to Occom that the money he had labored to raise would be going towards infrastructure at Dartmouth College, Wheelock’s new project, rather than the education of Native Americans. After the dissolution of his relationship with Wheelock, Occom became increasingly focused on the needs of the Mohegan community and increasingly vocal in criticizing Anglo-Americans’ un-Christian treatment of Native Americans. In September of 1772, he delivered his famous “Sermon on the Execution of Moses Paul,” which took Anglo-American spiritual hypocrisy as one of its major themes, and which went into four printings before the end of the year. In 1773, Occom became further disillusioned when the Mason Land Case was decided in favor of the Colony of Connecticut. The details of the Mason Case are complicated, but to summarize: the Colony of Connecticut had gained control of Mohegan land early in the 18th century under very suspect circumstances, and successfully fended off the Mohegan’s 70-year-long legal challenge. The conclusion of the case came as a blow to the Mohegans, and further convinced Occom of Anglo-American corruption. Along with David Fowler (Montauk Tribe), Occom's brother-in-law, and Joseph Johnson (Mohegan), Occom's son-in-law, Occom helped found Brothertown, an Indian tribe formed from the Christian Mohegans, Pequots, Narragansetts, Montauks, Tunxis, and Niantics. They eventually settled in Oneida country in upstate New York. Occom moved there with his family in 1789, spending the remaining years of his life serving as a minster to the Brothertown, Stockbridge, and Mohegan Indians. Harried by corrupt land agents, the Brothertown and Stockbridge groups relocated to the eastern shore of Lake Winnebago, though Occom died in 1792 before he could remove himself and his family there. Occom's writings and legacy have made him one of the best known and most eminent Native Americans of the 18th century and beyond.

Frederick II
Fundraising Tour of Great Britain
After many months of planning and shifting personnel, Occom, accompanied by the minister Nathaniel Whitaker, sets sail in December 1765 for a two-and-a-half year tour of England and Scotland in order to solicit contributions to Wheelock’s Indian Charity School and missionary efforts. Introduced to aristocrats and prominent clergy by the minister George Whitefield, Occom preaches many sermons, travels widely, and collects a large sum of money.
Document Summary

People identified in this document:

id Text in document Role in header Authorized Name
pers1630.ocp King of Pruſ ſia Prus sia mentioned Frederick II

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Regularized text:

Type Original Regularized
modernization Chriſt Christ
variation Dareing daring
variation Preſumtion presumption
variation Privi
modernization Hoſts hosts
variation Marvelouſs marvelous
modernization Goſpel Gospel
modernization Bleſsings Blessings
variation Shoud should
variation Con‐
greget[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): t]tion
modernization Yeſterday yesterday
modernization Wiſdom wisdom
modernization Wiſe wise
modernization oratour orator
modernization wiſh wish
variation Coud could
variation Criple cripple
modernization Jeſus Jesus
modernization Riſe Rise
modernization thuſ thus
modernization Conſider consider
variation my Self myself
variation my ſelf myself
modernization Meaneſt Meanest
modernization Houſe House
modernization ſuch such
variation Prouud proud
variation Esteeme esteem
modernization Ineſtimable Inestimable
modernization Worſhip Worship
variation Miſterious mysterious
variation almosſt almost
variation Meraculous miraculous
modernization Hea‐
modernization Darkneſs Darkness
modernization Groſs Gross
modernization Deſk Desk
variation Spec‐
modernization Preſuming presuming
modernization Choſen chosen
variation inexhauſtable inexhaustible
modernization repreſents represents
modernization Chriſtian Christian
modernization greateſt greatest
modernization Queſtion Question
modernization Everlaſting Everlasting
variation Anſweres Answers
variation Anſwere Answer
variation ocation occasion
modernization Queſtions Questions
modernization Propoſed proposed
modernization Bleſsed Blessed
variation Intangle entangle
variation Pharaſees Pharisees
variation oppertunity opportunity
modernization Propoſe propose
modernization moſt most
modernization whoſe whose
modernization &c etc.
modernization Reſtleſs restless
modernization Buſy busy
modernization ſe se
modernization theſe these
modernization Diſtinguiſhes distinguishes
modernization Beaſts Beasts
variation Inq[above] iiure inquire
variation Aplaud applaud
variation Honord honoured
modernization Pruſ
modernization Riſing Rising
variation Enemees enemies
variation every w[illegible]here everywhere
variation feard feared
modernization Praiſe Praise
modernization yt that
variation Ceeſar Caesar
modernization Teſtament Testament
variation Acount account
modernization Promiſed Promised
variation Miſſiah Messiah
variation Puplick public
modernization Miniſtration Ministration
modernization re‐
modernization Diſciples Disciples
variation Asſention Ascension
modernization Interceſſion Intercession
modernization laſt last
modernization firſt first
modernization repreſented represented
variation Acording according
modernization Repreſented Represented
variation Calld called
modernization ſeed seed
variation Miſſias Messiahs
variation tryed tried
variation Corner Stone Cornerstone
variation Righteouſnes Righteousness
modernization Jeſſe Jesse
modernization Prieſt Priest
variation Counſeller Counsellor
variation Ever laſting Everlasting
variation Prin[above] cc Prince
modernization beſides besides
modernization Repreſented represented
modernization againſt against
variation there their
modernization Roſe Rose
variation woud would
variation Rejoicd rejoiced
variation Prophetes Prophetess
modernization wiſe wise
modernization Eaſt East
variation Publick public
modernization Mſiniſtration ministration
modernization ſecondly secondly
modernization midſt midst
modernization alſo also
modernization Conſideration consideration
modernization ſay say
variation Defferent different
modernization Preſence Presence
modernization witneſses witnesses
modernization Promiſe Promise
modernization Huſband Husband
variation untill until
variation Separat separate
variation Witneſes Witnesses
variation till 'til
variation witneſes witnesses
variation wif wife
variation Joind joined

Expanded abbreviations:

Abbreviation Expansion
Shou'd should
refin'd refined
willg willing
& and
Contain'd contained
admir'd admired
X Christ
2ly Secondly
3[illegible][guess (h-dawnd): l]l Thirdly
faithfl faithful
sep[illegible] separate
aſund asunder

This document's header does not contain any mixed case attribute values.

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Number of dates with invalid 'when' attributes: 0
Number of nested "hi" tags: (consider merging the @rend attributes, or using other tags) 0
Number of tags with invalid 'rend' attributes: 0 (out of 10)
Number of people/places/organizations with unknown keys: 0 (out of 1)
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HomeSamson Occom, sermon, Matthew 22:42; marriage ceremony
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