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Samson Occom, sermon, Habakkuk 2:15.
Unidentified author, notes for sermon.

ms-number: 003219

[note (type: abstract): Occom’s undated sermon, “Woe unto him who gives his neighbor drink,” is accompanied by notes for a sermon in an unidentified hand.][note (type: handwriting): Occom's handwriting is clear and legible. The unidentified hand is looser and less formal, but largely clear and legible.][note (type: paper): Several small sheets are folded into a booklet that was, at one time, bound with thread or twine. Paper is heavily worn, with significant loss of text.][note (type: ink): Brown ink is heavily faded in spots.][note (type: noteworthy): Beginning on seven recto, the document is written in a different, unidentified hand. There is a small pin in the inside seam holding the booklet together. An editor, likely 19th-century, has added notes on several pages in black ink. These notes have not been transcribed.]
[gap: worn_edge] [guess (maggiec): c]ck [gap: faded]
[gap: worn_edge] [ [guess (maggiec): W]Wo | Woe] [guess (maggiec): W]WoWoe unto him that gives [gap: worn_edge]
Neighbour Drink! that [gap: worn_edge] [guess (maggiec): p]p
thy Bottle to him, and [makeſt | makest]makeſtmakest
him Drunken [alſo | also]alſoalso, that thou
[mayeſt | may]mayeſtmay look on their [Nakedneſs | nakedness]Nakedneſsnakedness!
[Isai. | Isaiah]Isai.Isaiah V. 11. [Wo | Woe]WoWoe unto them, that
[riſe | rise]riſerise up early in the Morning, that
they may follow Strong Drink,
that Continue [untill | until]untilluntil Night, [till | 'til]till'til
Wine [inflaim | inflame]inflaiminflame them. — [verſe | verse]verſeverse. 22
[Wo | Woe]WoWoe unto them that are mighty to
drink wine, and men of Strength
to mingle Strong Drink. — —
God, the Eternal [Benefacent | beneficent]Benefacentbeneficent
Father of all — Saw fit to Cre
ate this World, and he [fill’d | filled]fill’dfilled it
with [veriety | variety]verietyvariety of [every thing | everything]every thingeverything, both
Animate and Inanimate Creature[above] ss
The moving Creatures upon the
Face of the earth are innu[gap: worn_edge] [guess (maggiec): me]me
rable and various, both great
and Small, — And the [feather’d | feathered]feather’dfeathered are
Without Number, and of all sort
and the productions of the earth
amazing in their [veriety | variety]verietyvariety, both [gap: faded]
[gap: worn_edge] the [Juſt | just]Juſtjust, [gap: worn_edge]
[gap: worn_edge]efferent [vertues | virtues]vertuesvirtues [gap: worn_edge]
[gap: worn_edge] in the things to grow o[gap: worn_edge]
[gap: worn_edge] Earth — And [veriety | variety]verietyvariety of Fruits
upon the Face of the Earth, — And
the Lord, ma [illegible] de a Garden [alſo | also]alſoalso, and
we [muſt | must]muſtmust Conclude [illegible] that it [Containd | contained]Containdcontained
the Very Choice and the [moſt | most]moſtmost excel
lent things in the World. — And the
Sea the Lakes and all Streams were
all full of every kind of [Fiſh | fish]Fiſhfish,
great and Small. — and the [Luma
naries | lumi
[alſo | also]alſoalso were [fixt | fixed]fixtfixed in the Hea
vens, Like [Lanthorns | lanterns]Lanthornslanterns, The Sun the
Moon and the Stars, were made
to give Light to this wWorld. —
and when the Lord God, had Boun
tifully and Richly [furniſhd | furnished]furniſhdfurnished, this
World, with every [neceſsary | necessary]neceſsarynecessary of Life —
Then last of all, he made man
for whom he made this World, —
he was the Crown, the Glory, and
the Excellency and the Beauty
of the whole Creation. For God
made [illegible] him in his own Image
and [Likeneſs | likeness]Likeneſslikeness, Breathed [in to | into]in tointo
him the Breath of Life and he
became a living and [Imortal | immortal]Imortalimmortal
Soul, — and the Lord formed
Wo[gap: hole] [guess (maggiec): ma]man [alſo | also]alſoalso out of the [gap: worn_edge] Neig[illegible]
[gap: hole]d they two were th[gap: hole]
[gap: hole]ir that ever was, they w[gap: worn_edge] [guess (maggiec): er]ere
little lower the Angels — and
the Lord [above] gave the whole World —gave the whole World —, placed in the garden
and freely gave it to them, and
every ꞈ in it except one Tree
which was in the [midſt | midst]midſtmidst of the
garden, and they were not to
eat of that, for in the Day, that
they [Shou’d | should]Shou’dshould of it they [Shoud | should]Shoudshould die —
and we [muſt | must]muſtmust Conclude, that [illegible] [whilſt | whilst]whilſtwhilst
they stood in their [Inocency | innocency]Inocencyinnocency, they
they [uſd | used]uſdused every Creature Comfort
[agreable | agreeable]agreableagreeable to gods mind, they
Glorified god in all things —
and they fully [Engagd | engaged]Engagdengaged God, [& | and]&and
that was their [supream | supreme]supreamsupreme [Hap
pineſs | hap
, — and had they Continued
in that State of [holyneſs | holiness]holyneſsholiness, they
might hence been happy to [endleſs | endless]endleſsendless
ages — But alas we find a [ma
loncholy | me
account, of them; when
the Tempter Came to our Mother
with a lie; She put forth her Hand
[Stold | stole]Stoldstole the [forbiden | forbidden]forbidenforbidden Fruit and
eat of it, and gave unto her
[Huſband | husband]Huſbandhusband [alſo | also]alſoalso, and he eat of it
[gap: worn_edge] [guess (maggiec): w]which they [loſt | lost]loſtlost all, they [l[gap: hole] [guess (maggiec): oſ]oſt | lost]l[gap: hole] [guess (maggiec): oſ]oſtlost
[gap: worn_edge] [ [guess (maggiec): B]B [gap: hole] [guess (maggiec): l]le[gap: hole] [guess (maggiec): ſ]ſſed | blessed] [guess (maggiec): B]B [gap: hole] [guess (maggiec): l]le[gap: hole] [guess (maggiec): ſ]ſſedblessed Enjoyment of god, [gap: hole] [guess (maggiec): t]they
[Loſt | lost]Loſtlost the Image of god, and all
their [Holineſs | holiness]Holineſsholiness and [Inocency | innocency]Inocencyinnocency, all
Light and Comfort, — They [plungd | plunged]plungdplunged
[themſelves | themselves]themſelvesthemselves and all their [Poſterity | posterity]Poſterityposterity
into Sin and [Darkneſs | darkness]Darkneſsdarkness, and all
manner [above] ofof [Miſery | misery]Miſerymisery, To Death. Tempo
ral Spiritual and Eternal —
This is the [Miſeralble | miserable]Miſeralblemiserable Situation of
mankind, he is now prone to all
manner of Sin, — alas, where is man
and what is man? The most Noble
Creature is become the most Igno
ble Creature. from being [almoſt | almost]almoſtalmost
an Angel, is become a Devil. —
He is now practicing all manner
of Sins, — and [amongſt | amongst]amongſtamongst the vari
ous [Commited | committed]Commitedcommitted, [Drunkeneſs | drunkenness]Drunkeneſsdrunkenness is one
of the [worſt | worst]worſtworst, yet it is growing [a
mongſt | a
all Nations. — — —
I Shall now Say Something from
the Texts I have read; Some may
think it Strange, that I [Shoud | should]Shoudshould take
so many Texts to make one [Diſcour[above] ſeſe | discourse]Diſcour[above] ſeſe discourse
upon; I aim to Speak to two sorts
of People in particular —
I shall now take notice of the
[firſt | first]firſtfirst
[Wo | Woe]WoWoe unto him that giveth his Neigh
[gap: hole] [guess (maggiec): bo]bour Drintk [&c | etc.]&cetc. — There is [gap: hole]
ful [uſe | use]uſeuse of all Creature Comforts,
they were made for our Support
and Comfort in Life — but when
we [uſe | use]uſeuse them [beyound | beyond]beyoundbeyond the bounds
of Temperance we [uſe | use]uſeuse them un
lawfully, and Sin [againſt | against]againſtagainst God
the Giver of all [theſe | these]theſethese Comforts —
and there is Sin, both in Commu
nicateing and receiving [thoſe | those]thoſethose Com
forts, as we See in our Text. —
A dreadful is [Denouncd | denounced]Denouncddenounced, [again[above] ſtſt | against]again[above] ſtſt against
him that gives Drink to his Neigh
bour, a bad intention —
[note (type: editorial): Blank page.][note (type: editorial): Blank page.][note (type: editorial): Blank page.][note (type: editorial): Blank page.][note (type: editorial): Blank page.][note (type: editorial): Blank page.][note (type: editorial): Blank page.]
[2.d | 2nd]2.d 2nd Directions how to come [gap: worn_edge]
as [helpleſs | helpless]helpleſshelpless Creatures.
[Hoſea | Hosea]HoſeaHosea. 13. 9. [Pſa | Psalms]PſaPsalms. 89. 19. we [muſt | must]muſtmust
go to [X | Christ]XChrist as the only way. John. 14. 6.
we [muſt | must]muſtmust go to [Chriſt | Christ]ChriſtChrist as the only Saviour.
Acts. 4. 12.
we [muſt | must]muſtmust go to [Chriſt | Christ]ChriſtChrist as the all Sufficia[illegible]
Saviour. — [Heb. | Hebrews]Heb.Hebrews 7. 25.
we [muſt | must]muſtmust go to [Jeſus | Jesus]JeſusJesus to [ſave | save]ſavesave us from our
Sins. [Matt. | Matthew]Matt.Matthew 1. 21. —
we [muſt | must]muſtmust go to [X | Christ]XChrist to free us from the [Curſe | curse]Curſecurse
of the Law. [gall | Galatians]gallGalatians 3. 10. — 13.
we [muſt | must]muſtmust go to [X | Christ]XChrist to obtain Pardon.
[S.t. | Saint]S.t. Saint Luke. 24. 46. 47. Acts. 10. 40. 43.
we [muſt | must]muſtmust go to [X | Christ]XChrist to give us grace.
[S.t. | Saint]S.t. Saint John. 1. 19. 17. 2 [Cor. | Corinthians]Cor.Corinthians 12. 9.
we [muſt | must]muſtmust go to [X | Christ]XChrist to obtain [Et.l | eternal]Et.l eternal Life
John. 10. 10. John. 20. 31. John
[illegible] [guess (maggiec): M]M 3. 19. [laſtly | lastly]laſtlylastly we [muſt | must]muſtmust go to [X | Christ]XChrist
[caſting | casting]caſtingcasting our Burdens on him, and
[recieve | receive]recievereceive him o[illegible] our [P. P. | Prince of Peace]P. P.Prince of Peace [& | and]&and [K. | King]K.King
yea our all. —
[3dly. | 3rdly.]3dly. 3rdly. the [Priviledges | privileges]Priviledgesprivileges. [&c. | etc.]&c.etc..
the Sons of god. John. 1. 12. [illegible]
if sons then heirs. [&c | etc.]&cetc.: [gall. | Galatians]gall.Galatians 4. [gap: worn_edge] [guess (maggiec): 7]7
[Rom. | Romans]Rom.Romans 8. 14. 17. to what they [gap: worn_edge]
heirs to. 1. [below] 2.2. [Tim. | Timothy]Tim.Timothy 4. 8. 1 Pet[gap: worn_edge]
[gap: worn_edge] [Ch. | Chronicles]Ch.Chronicles [verſes | verses]verſesverses. fulfilled
[gap: worn_edge] 61. 1 — 3 Luke. 4. 16 - 2[gap: worn_edge]
the [gap: worn_edge] [guess (maggiec): T]Text. [Matt. | Matthew]Matt.Matthew 11. 28. 1[above] fulfilled.fulfilled.
Method of [Diſcourſe | discourse]Diſcourſediscourse. [illegible] [guess (maggiec): from]from the Text.
[1st. | 1st]1st. 1st Place. I [ſhall | shall]ſhallshall endeavour to [deſcribe | describe]deſcribedescribe
[thoſe | those]thoſethose [Perſons | persons]Perſonspersons, to whom this gracious
call, or invitation is [addreſsed | addressed]addreſsedaddressed. —
[2d | 2nd]2d 2nd place. I [ſhall | shall]ſhallshall give few directions
how they [muſt | must]muſtmust Come.
[3dly. | 3rdly]3dly. 3rdly I [ſhall | shall]ſhallshall put the com[illegible] [guess (maggiec): pl]pliers of
this invitation in mind of the great
[Privildges | privilege]Privildgesprivilege they [intitle | entitle]intitleentitle [themſelves | themselves]themſelvesthemselves to.
[4thly. | 4thly]4thly. 4thly [addreſs | address]addreſsaddress [myſelf | myself]myſelfmyself to the [dispiſers | despisers]dispiſersdespisers
of this call or invitation of [Jeſus | Jesus]JeſusJesus
[Chriſt | Christ]ChriſtChrist the Eternal [ſon | son]ſonson of god.
[5thly. | 5thly]5thly. 5thly conclude the whole with [illegible]
few words of Exhortation. —
[1st. | 1st.]1st. 1st. Place. the Call is to the sons of
men. not devils. to [thoſe | those]thoſethose that are
now in the Land of the Living. not the
Damne [illegible] d Spirits. — the call is to the
wonders, that are going [poſt haſt | post-haste]poſt haſtpost-haste
to [endleſs | endless]endleſsendless [miſery | misery]miſerymisery. —
[gap: worn_edge] [guess (maggiec): b]but more particularly. to [thoſe | those]thoſethose [illegible] that [illegible]
[gap: worn_edge]abous. and are heavy laden. [illegible] [guess (maggiec): Sent]Sent]
[gap: worn_edge] invitation is to [thoſe | those]thoſethose that pull [themſelves | themselves]themſelvesthemselves
[gap: worn_edge] [Matt. | Matthew]Matt.Matthew 18. 11. the invitation is to
[gap: worn_edge] [Matt. | Matthew]Matt.Matthew 9. [illegible] . 13. yea the Chief of
[gap: worn_edge] [Tim. | Timothy]Tim.Timothy 1. 15. and the call is gen[illegible]
[gap: worn_edge] [illegible] [guess (maggiec): Sert]Sert of the Children of men!
[gap: worn_edge] [guess (maggiec): 2]26. 27. 28. [&c. | etc.]&c.etc..
Occom, Samson

Samson Occom was a Mohegan leader and ordained Presbyterian minister. Occom began his public career in 1742, when he was chosen as a tribal counselor to Ben Uncas II. The following year, he sought out Eleazar Wheelock, a young Anglo-American minister in Lebanon, CT, in hopes of obtaining some education and becoming a teacher at Mohegan. Wheelock agreed to take on Occom as a student, and though Occom had anticipated staying for a few weeks or months, he remained with Wheelock for four years. Occom’s academic success inspired Wheelock to open Moor’s Indian Charity School in 1754, a project which gave him the financial and political capital to establish Dartmouth College in 1769. After his time with Wheelock, Occom embarked on a 12-year mission to the Montauk of Long Island (1749-1761). He married a Montauk woman, Mary Fowler, and served as both teacher and missionary to the Montauk and nearby Shinnecock, although he was grievously underpaid for his services. Occom conducted two brief missions to the Oneida in 1761 and 1762 before embarking on one of the defining journeys of his career: a fundraising tour of Great Britain that lasted from 1765 to 1768. During this journey, undertaken on behalf of Moor’s Indian Charity School, Occom raised £12,000 (an enormous and unanticpated amount that translates roughly to more than two-million dollars), and won wide acclaim for his preaching and comportment. Upon his return to Mohegan in 1768, Occom discovered that Wheelock had failed to adequately care for his family while he was gone. Additionally, despite the vast sums of money that he had raised, Occom found himself unemployed. Wheelock tried to find Occom a missionary position, but Occom was in poor health and disinclined to leave his family again after seeing the treatment with which they had met while he was in Britain. Occom and Wheelock’s relationship continued to sour as it became apparent to Occom that the money he had labored to raise would be going towards infrastructure at Dartmouth College, Wheelock’s new project, rather than the education of Native Americans. After the dissolution of his relationship with Wheelock, Occom became increasingly focused on the needs of the Mohegan community and increasingly vocal in criticizing Anglo-Americans’ un-Christian treatment of Native Americans. In September of 1772, he delivered his famous “Sermon on the Execution of Moses Paul,” which took Anglo-American spiritual hypocrisy as one of its major themes, and which went into four printings before the end of the year. In 1773, Occom became further disillusioned when the Mason Land Case was decided in favor of the Colony of Connecticut. The details of the Mason Case are complicated, but to summarize: the Colony of Connecticut had gained control of Mohegan land early in the 18th century under very suspect circumstances, and successfully fended off the Mohegan’s 70-year-long legal challenge. The conclusion of the case came as a blow to the Mohegans, and further convinced Occom of Anglo-American corruption. Along with David Fowler (Montauk Tribe), Occom's brother-in-law, and Joseph Johnson (Mohegan), Occom's son-in-law, Occom helped found Brothertown, an Indian tribe formed from the Christian Mohegans, Pequots, Narragansetts, Montauks, Tunxis, and Niantics. They eventually settled in Oneida country in upstate New York. Occom moved there with his family in 1789, spending the remaining years of his life serving as a minster to the Brothertown, Stockbridge, and Mohegan Indians. Harried by corrupt land agents, the Brothertown and Stockbridge groups relocated to the eastern shore of Lake Winnebago, though Occom died in 1792 before he could remove himself and his family there. Occom's writings and legacy have made him one of the best known and most eminent Native Americans of the 18th century and beyond.

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Regularized text:

Type Original Regularized
variation [guess (maggiec): W]Wo Woe
modernization makeſt makest
modernization alſo also
modernization mayeſt may
modernization Nakedneſs nakedness
variation Wo Woe
modernization riſe rise
variation untill until
variation till 'til
variation inflaim inflame
modernization verſe verse
variation Benefacent beneficent
variation veriety variety
variation every thing everything
modernization Juſt just
variation vertues virtues
modernization muſt must
variation Containd contained
modernization moſt most
modernization Fiſh fish
variation Luma
variation fixt fixed
variation Lanthorns lanterns
modernization furniſhd furnished
modernization neceſsary necessary
modernization Likeneſs likeness
variation in to into
variation Imortal immortal
modernization midſt midst
variation Shoud should
modernization whilſt whilst
variation Inocency innocency
modernization uſd used
variation agreable agreeable
variation Engagd engaged
variation supream supreme
modernization Hap
modernization holyneſs holiness
modernization endleſs endless
variation ma
variation Stold stole
variation forbiden forbidden
modernization Huſband husband
modernization loſt lost
modernization l[gap: hole] [guess (maggiec): oſ]oſt lost
modernization [guess (maggiec): B]B [gap: hole] [guess (maggiec): l]le[gap: hole] [guess (maggiec): ſ]ſſed blessed
modernization Loſt lost
modernization Holineſs holiness
variation plungd plunged
modernization themſelves themselves
modernization Poſterity posterity
modernization Darkneſs darkness
modernization Miſery misery
modernization Miſeralble miserable
modernization almoſt almost
modernization amongſt amongst
variation Commited committed
modernization Drunkeneſs drunkenness
modernization worſt worst
modernization Diſcour[above] ſeſe discourse
modernization firſt first
modernization &c etc.
modernization uſe use
variation beyound beyond
modernization againſt against
modernization theſe these
modernization thoſe those
variation Denouncd denounced
modernization again[above] ſtſt against
modernization 2.d 2nd
modernization helpleſs helpless
modernization Hoſea Hosea
modernization Pſa Psalms
modernization Chriſt Christ
modernization Jeſus Jesus
modernization ſave save
modernization Curſe curse
modernization laſtly lastly
modernization caſting casting
variation recieve receive
modernization 3dly. 3rdly.
variation Priviledges privileges
modernization &c. etc.
modernization verſes verses
modernization Diſcourſe discourse
modernization 1st. 1st
modernization ſhall shall
modernization deſcribe describe
modernization Perſons persons
modernization addreſsed addressed
modernization 2d 2nd
modernization 3dly. 3rdly
variation Privildges privilege
variation intitle entitle
modernization 4thly. 4thly
modernization addreſs address
modernization myſelf myself
modernization dispiſers despisers
modernization ſon son
modernization 5thly. 5thly
modernization 1st. 1st.
modernization poſt haſt post-haste
modernization miſery misery

Expanded abbreviations:

Abbreviation Expansion
Isai. Isaiah
fill’d filled
feather’d feathered
Shou’d should
& and
X Christ
Heb. Hebrews
Matt. Matthew
gall Galatians
S.t. Saint
Cor. Corinthians
Et.l eternal
P. P. Prince of Peace
K. King
gall. Galatians
Rom. Romans
Tim. Timothy
Ch. Chronicles

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HomeSamson Occom, sermon, Habakkuk 2:15. Unidentified author, notes for sermon.
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