Grand River, Canada

Geographic position

42.8553° N, 79.5778° W


General note

Grand River is a tributary of Lake Erie located in southern Ontario. The Mohawks called the river O:se Kenhionhata:tie, meaning Willow River. It was not until the end of the French and Indian War that British colonists began establishing permanent settlements on the Grand River. Thawendanegea, a Mohawk Indian also known as Joseph Brant who studied at Wheelock's Indian School, convinced many members of the Six Nations to side with the British during the American Revolution, and in what was known as the Haldimand Proclamation, the British granted the Haudenosaunees a tract of land along the Grand River for their loyalty. In 1796, the Six Nations ceded Joseph Brant the ability to sell off some of their land and to invest the profits. Disputes regarding Native land rights along the Grand River continue into the 21st century. In a 1794 letter from Samuel Kirkland to Peter Thacher, Kirkland writes that he met with several Indians from Grand River regarding the Oneida mission.