Variant name of place

Poughkesey; Poughkeepsy; Poughkee

Geographic position

41.7000° N, 73.9167° W


"History of Poughkeepsie." Hudson River Valley Organization. http://www.hudsonrivervalley.org/library/pdfs/historyofpoughkeepsie.pdf; Meyers, Jennifer. "Native American traditions deeply engrained in valley." Poughkeepsie Journal. http://archive.poughkeepsiejournal.com/article/20090901/QUAD02/80801022/Native-American-traditions-deeply-ingrained-valley; Reynolds, Helen. "How the City of Poughkeepsie was Founded." http://www.usgennet.org/usa/ny/county/dutchess/dutch/Hist/pkpse.htm; "A Short History of Upper Landing." Upper Landing. http://upperlanding.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/A-Short-History-of-Upper-Landing.pdf. Geo coordinates at https://www.google.com/#q=geographic+coordinates+of+Poughkeepsie.

General note

Poughkeepsie is a city in New York’s Dutchess County on the eastern shore of the Hudson River, located about halfway between Albany and New York City. The area was originally inhabited by the Algonquin-speaking Wappinger Indians who named the area Apokeepsing, meaning "safe harbor." Europeans were slow to colonize the eastern bank of the Hudson, but in 1683 the expanding English presence in New York prompted a Wappinger named Massany to sign a deed granting Wappinger land to two Dutch settlers who planned to build a mill on the land. In 1687, a colonial land patent given to Thomas Sanders and Myndert Harmse superseded this deed, and Wappinger land was quickly parceled off to the Dutch and English as homesteads. Wappingers continued to inhabit the area until the mid-1700s, when disease and overcrowding forced them to migrate to Stockbridge, MA, an Indian Town to which many New England Indian tribes fled. Occom often preached in Poughkeepsie beginning in the 1760s until the end of his life, though it was to a primarily European audience. He stopped by the town while traveling between Albany and New York on a route known as the Indian Trail. Poughkeepsie was spared during the American Revolution and, as a result, it became the capital of New York in 1778, until Albany took that honor in 1797.