Gregg, James

last name (variants): Grig; Cragues; Crageues; Crague; Grigs; Crages
Other names: Captain

3rd Regiment New York Continental Infantry; DuBois' Regiment; 1st Regiment New York Continental Infantry





Marital status



James Gregg was a member of the New York Continental Infantry during the Revolutionary War. He was appointed 2nd Lieutenant on June 28, 1775 and 1st Lieutenant on June 26, 1776. He was a captain when the remarkable incident that Occom records in his journal for June 29, 1786 occurred. According to the military journal of Dr. Thatcher at Fort Stanwix in central New York, on June 25, 1777, Captain Gregg left the Fort with Corporal Madison, both of Colonel Gansevoort's regiment, to shoot pigeons. About a mile and a half from the Fort, they where shot down by two Indians. Though never identified, the attackers could have been from any of the Haudenosaunee tribes allied with the British. Madison was killed and scalped. Gregg was shot, tomahawked in the head and back, and scalped. A dog with them alerted nearby soldiers who brought Gregg and Madison back to the Fort. Gregg survived under the care of Dr. Thatcher, and was taken to a hospital in Albany. Thatcher reports that after a year or so of recovery, Gregg was back on duty. Another muster list records Gregg transferred to the 1st Regiment of New York in 1783. In the 1780s, Gregg and his wife were living in central New York along the Mohawk River in the area east of Brothertown where Occom frequently preached. Occom records dining and lodging with the Greggs on numerous occasions.


Dann, John C., ed. The Revolution Remembered: Eyewitness Accounts of the War for Independence. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1980; Simms, Jeptha R. The Frontiersmen of New York. Vol. II. Albany: 1883: 274. online,; "The New York Line." www.nyhistorynet/~drums/nyline.htm.

Further reading

Logusz, Michael O. With Musket and Tomahawk, Vol. II: The Mohawk Valley Campaign in the Wilderness War of 1777. Casemate, 2013.