Catawba Indians

The Occom Circle

Catawba Indians


South Carolina


The Catawbas are a Siouan tribe located in South Carolina. They fought against the French, Spanish, Cherokee, and English on behalf of Anglo-American colonists throughout the colonial period. Warfare and smallpox devastated Catawba numbers, and the tribe faced increasing encroachment from Americans. Nevertheless, the Catawbas remained in South Carolina and still live there today. George Whitefield, a very famous Anglican New Light who supported Wheelock, was involved in missionary efforts to the Catawbas, though Wheelock’s missionaries were not.


Oklahoma Historical Society. “Catawba.” In Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Accessed 10/31/2013. Sultzman, Lee. “Catawba History.” In First Nations Histories. Accessed 10/31/2013.