Samson Occom, journal, 1785 October 4 to 1786 December 4


abstractOccom describes the events of the period between October 4, 1785, and December 4, 1786; they include an Indian wedding, the naming of Brothertown and other Brothertown business.

handwritingHandwriting is mostly clear and legible. There are several uncrossed t’s and crossed l’s, which the transcriber has corrected.

paperSeveral small sheets folded into a booklet and bound with thread or twine are in good condition, with light staining and wear. There is some fading, and the opening and closing pages are more worn than those inside them.

inkBrown ink varies in intensity.

noteworthyOn 18 recto, the identity of David Fowler's daughter is uncertain, and so she has been left untagged. On 19 recto, the identity of Elijah Wympy's son is uncertain, and so he has been left untagged; however, he may possibly be Elijah Wympy, Jr. On 23 recto, the identity of John Post's son is uncertain and so he has been left untagged. An editor, likely 19th-century, has written notes in black ink on one recto; these notes have not been included in the transcription. The date for “Sabbath Oct 30” should be 31. The date “Nov 2” should be Nov 20. Names and place names that are illegible have not been tagged. It is likely that the two Mr. John Smiths mentioned in this document are two different people.

Modernized Version Deletions removed; additions added in; modern spelling and capitalization added; unfamiliar abbreviations expanded.

[illegible][guess: Oct. 4,]  [illegible][guess: to Dec. 4.] 
Blank page.

1785 N: III  Tuesday October 4

After break  fast, took leave of the family  and went on towards Albany  got there about 11: I turned  to Mr. John McKinnys a  tavern keeper, and it  rained extreme hard. the  Rain caught us just as  we got over the Ferry, —  when the Rain abated I went to  See Some Friends, but most of  my particular Friends were  gone out of the City, went to  our good friend Hollenbacks  inquired of him of my daughter  Christiana but he could not tell  anything about them, he desired  me to baptize his Child, that  was born the Sabbath Day   before which was the Second Day  of the Month, and I examined  them Concerning their knowledge  of the Nature of baptism. 
and their Duty to bring up  their Children in the Fear of god  and not to do it only out of cus tom and fashion, and they  promise to do their Duty, — and  indeed it was a great Trial to  me, and finally I consented —  and sometime in the evening  I baptized the Child by the Name  of Jenney, with the great Name  of the ever blessed Trinity —  Lodged at the Same house, and  was kindly entertained, — 

Wednesday October 5

was in the City  'til after noon, Dined at Mr.  Hollenbecks, and Soon after dinner  set off from Albany, and got  to Loudens Ferry and we could  not get over, and lodged at  Mr F[illegible][guess: u]ndys. and they were  very agreeable Folks — 

Thursday October 6:

went off  very early in morning and  went up to the Northward  because we could not get 
at this Place and we wen[illegible][guess: t]  So far as to Mr. Whitney's in  Nes[illegible]ia, and we wan  der about backwards and  forwards all Day, — got over  the River lower part of Nes  [illegible]ia, and lodged at poor  tavern one Mr. John  Smiths, — 

Friday October 17:

got up  very early in the morning  and set off for Saratoga and  we stopped at several places by  the way, and we found  no friends in the Road, —  got to Stillwater about 12  Stopped Mr. [gap: omitted] a tavern and  Several knew me, and they offered  us Dinner and we accepted of  it kindly,— and here found out  the People had Concluded to have me  keep Sabbath with them, good  old Mr. Campell is a minister  of this Place, and he was Sent 
for he Came Directly to See me  and Concluded further to be with  them on the Sabbath, and two  went on but the Bridges were  So gone and shattered by the  Flood, that we could not go a  long by the River, and turned  right off from the River, and  inquired after Mr. Kalley, and  found him in the dusk of the  evening, and was kindly received  his wife was not well; and I  went to another Family to Lodge  one old Mr. Concling Lodged  with me, — — — 

Saturday October 9:

Soon after  breakfast set off and went to the  River, got to the River about 12:  Call in at Mr. McCartys and  the offer us Dinner and we  sat down to eat, — and here  we understood my Daughter  was east Side of the River close  by the River, Soon after dinner 
We set off again I went afoot  and left my horse with Mr.  McCarty, got over the River  about 2: in the afternoon  and went to the place where I heard  my Daughter was, got to where Sister  Dina lives, and there was nobody  at home but old mother Margery  after a while Isaac Tattleton  Came home, and I got his mare to  go to where my Daughter lives, a  bout 7 miles further, and we  got to the Place in  the evening, and not well but  better than She had been  for She has been very Sick  the rest were well, Thanks  be to the great god for his mercy  to me in the preservation of  me and my Daughter and her  Family Lodged here — 

Sabbath October 9

got up very  early and set off to go Stillwater  to preach in Mr. Campels meeting  got to the River about 9, and  Sent the mare back by James  waucus for he Came down with 
with me; got over Soon and I  on afoot and tried to get a horse  at the first house, but I could not  and went on foot, and two or three  Places. and all in Vain, a wagon  Came by me going to meeting  I desired him to help me  along, but he would not, at  last I gave up, and Sent word  forward to have horse Sent me  and I went into a house, told the  man of the house of my difficul  ties, and he asked me whether  I was going to hear the Strange  minister, I told I suppose I Should  hear him, and then told him,  the People Could not See that  Strange Creature 'til I got  there, and then he asked me  whether it was I that they expected  —I told him Yes,—and he was  surprised, and there were then  Several People going by, he  Called to them and told them I  was in the house and wanted  help, and one of the men got 
down and offered me his  horse to ride to meeting, and  I took it, and went on, got  there at half after 11, and there  was a prodigious large congre gation the biggest that ever  was Seen in the Place, and I  went in, gave them a Short  discourse, from Jonah [gap: omitted] 5 verse  in the afternoon from another  the People attended with great  and Solemn attention and with  many Tears, — as Soon as the  meeting was done, a gentleman  took me in his wagon, and carri ed me to Mr. Powerss, the good  man received me with tender ness and friendship, at Candle  lighting we went to meeting  in a Small Log meeting house  and it was crowded like a Bee  Hive, and they attended like  Criminals at the Bar, I believe  they felt the power of the word  though I was much Spent —lodged  at Elder Powerss — 

Monday October 10

was at Mr Powers  'til near meeting Time, Elder  Powers let me have his horse 
to ride to Mr. Kalleys meeting  got there near 12 stopped a while  at a house near the meeting house  and Mr. Kalley Came to me, and  we went to another house, and  there we took Dinner — and Soon  after eating we went to meeting  and there was a Multitude of  People, and I preached to them  from [gap: omitted] and there  was an affectionate attention  the Christians were somewhat  elevated, and the Sinners were  alarmed, and I believe the Hypo  crites were surprised and we  had a little intermission, and  went to meeting again at Can  dle Lighting, and there was a  great number of People again  and they attended solemnly,—  after meeting I went home with  with one Mr. John Carperter about  one Hundred Rods from the  meeting house, and was extremely  well entertained, we had very  agreeable conversation with the 
man and Woman after conver sation, I went to bed quietly,— 

Tuesday October 11:

about 9: in  the morning Mr. Kalley and I  went towards the North River,  called on Mr. Powers, and he was  getting ready to go with us, and  So we went on; got to Mr. Bacon's  about 11: and the People began  to collect together, and about half  after one we began the meeting,  and the People Seemed to be tied  to the word, and I believe they  felt the Power of the word, Soon  after meeting we went to Mr.  McCartys where I had left my  mare and the man Charged  me nothing for keeping my  mare, and went on presently  and called on Mr. John Smith  and took Tea with them, and  directly went on to the Ferry —  got over about sunset, and  went to Mr. Matt Vanburans  and the People Collected toge  ther, and we had a meeting  and there was considerable number 
number of People, and they  behaved well, stayed at the  Same house, — 

Wednesday October 12:

I saw Tattleton  and I went to my Daughters, and  we got there about 12: and I  rested a little at my Daughters  and then we went to meeting  to Mr. [gap: omitted] and the People  behaved well generally but  not So Solemn as at other P[illegible: [guess: s]]  after meeting, went back to  my Daughters, and rested a  little, and in the evening, the  People Collected, at Mr. Begle's  and we had a little meeting  after meeting went to my daughter's  again, and went to bed very  Soon 

Thursday October 13:

after breakfast  left my folks and went on  to Mr. Jonathan Thomsons,  got there before noon, and took  Dinner with them, — at 2  we went to, Mr. Tomsons Son's 
a few Rods, and there we  had meeting, and there was  considerable number of People  and they attended well, — as Soon  as the meeting was done, they  desired me to preach to them  again in the evening, and  I Complied, and I begun a  gain in about half an hour  and there was greater at  tention Still, the People were  much affected, Lodged at Mr.  Tomson's, 

Friday October 14:

  after breakfast, Mr. Tomson  and I took our horses and we  went to Stillwater, — got there  sometime before meeting, a  bout 1 we went to meeting, and  there was a great number of  People, and they attended  with great affection, after  meeting went to Mr. Campell's  and, near sunset we went 
to Mr. Bakers and had an  evening there, and there was  a great Number of People a  gain, and they attended with  all gravity, and after the  People were dismissed, a num  ber stayed, and I gave out  out my Cards to the People  and we had agreeable exer cise, and sometime in the  evening the People dispersed  and I went to bed Quietly  once more. Thanks be to god  The People in this Place are  exceeding Friendly and kind  to me, Mr. Campel is as a  Father to me. 

Saturday October 15

sometime  after breakfast went on my  way; stopped at Mr. Campels  a few minutes, and then took  leave of them, and went on  my way towards Ballston 
got to Capt. Dunnings about  12: Dined with them, in the  evening we had a meeting  in Mr. Gregorys house, and  there was a goodly number  of People — and it was a So  lemn meeting — after meeting  went home with Capt. Dunning  again. and Lodged there,  the Capt. and his whole Family  are exceeding agreeable  Folks — 

Sabbath October 16:

went to  meeting with the People and  it was as a bad way as ever  I was out in all my travels  Mirey the biggest of the way  went we got to the Place the  People had got together a  great Number, — they have  a new meeting house very  large for a new Settlement  I preach to them from Daniel   mene etc. 
in the afternoon from John  ye are my Friends etc. —  Soon after meeting, went to the  old meeting house west Side of  the Lake— and preached in  the evening, and there was  a considerable number of  People, here I Met my old  acquaintance Mr. Dake, I  lodged at one Mr. weeds, and  his Son in Law—Mr. Cable  with his wife desired me to  baptize their child, and when  I had Examined them about  the Nature of baptism —  and finding them well  ground in the gospel Faith  I baptized their Child, and  after I had performed my  office, one Mr. Bright made  an objection, and we talk  upon the matter awhile,  and I could not be convinced  that I was wrong, and we 
desisted, they went a  way, and I went to bed  quietly once more — 

Monday October 17:

after break  fast I went to 5000. Aires; before  I had got to the Place, I met Mr.  Dake, and he went back, with  me, and I went with him to his  house, about from the meeting  house, and took Dinner with  him, and Soon after Dinner Mr.  Dake and I went to meeting and  there was a considerable number  of people their meeting house  is made of Logs, and I preached  to them from Matthew [gap: omitted] thou Shalt  worship the Lord etc.: and there  was an Awful Solemnity in the  assembly,— after meeting I went  home with one Mr. Holms, and  I was very kindly entertained. The  old People appeared very Religi  ous, sometime in the evening  I had Some exercise with the  Children of the house. They were  all grown up but one, and they 
appeared very Solemn in the  exercise, and then we prayed  together, and after that I went  to Bed Quietly once more — 

Tuesday October 18:

Soon after  breakfast took good and Friend  ly leave of the Family, and I  went on to Galway, and I missed  my way, lost about 3 quarters of a  miles and it was very disagree able, to my mind, I was obliged  to go right back, and it put  me in mind of missing a way  to heaven it must be dreadful  beyond all expression to miss  Heaven finally at last: I got  to Galway, before 12: and called  in at Good Mr. Otis's one that  went from New London North [illegible][guess: P]  near by where I live, and he and  his wife received me with all kind ness, — about 2 o: c we went to  meeting a few Rods from Mr.  Otiss house — and there was a good 
Number of People, I preached  to them from the words— we will  go three Days Journey etc. Genesis 8.27, in the  evening I preached again in  the Same house and there was  a good number People again  I Spoke from Ruth — what  is thy Petition etc. — Sat Some  Time after meeting had Some  conversation with Some Friends  and it was agreeable, and then  went home with Mr. Otis, and  I went to bed peaceably once  more thanks be to Heaven — 

Wednesday October 19:

after breakfast  about 9: I took Friendly leave  of Mr. otis and his Family, and  one Mr. Dean went with me  6 or 7 miles, to direct me in  the way — got to Mohawk River  near 12: and So I went on  got to Caughnawaga in the  evening and I put at one  Vedder's a Dutch Tavern 

Thursday October 20,

Set off very  early in the Morning, and  went over to southside of the River  a little above the nose and kept on  'til I got to one Mr. Mabee's and  I took breakfast, and Soon after  breakfast went on, and about  11 it began to Rain hard, and  I stopped at one Esq. Henry Wa[illegible][guess: u]  rath, agreeable gentleman; stayed  here all Night, — 

Friday October 21:

got up very  early even before break of  Day a great while, and the  Esq. got up too Soon after —  at broad daylight, I got up  on my horse and pushed on  my way, reached at Widow  Tygers about 9: and took  breakfast there, and after  eating went on again, here  I heard our Anthony and James  Waucus Slept, and one Mr. Prince  with them, and I never over 
took them, 'til I got to the  turn of the New Road to our  Peoples Settlements, just as I  was going to one of the houses  Anthony called me, and I look  ed back and there was Anthony  Smiling, and we went into house  together, and Concluded to Stop  here,— and he called Mr. Prince  and Jamey, and they Came  back,— and to one Mr. Folts  and Lodged there, — 

Saturday October 22,

we got up  quite Early and got ready  to go on our way, just as we  were going off, Elijah Wympy  Came to our Lodgings, and he  told us David and Jacob Fowler  and most all our men were  in another house just by, and  I sent James, and they Soon  Come to me, and it was a Joy  ful meeting,— and then I went  to where the rest of them were 
and they all rejoice to See me  and was with them a little while  and then went back to Mr. Folts  and Concluded not to go through the  woods this Day, because it was  a misty kind of weather,— Some  went through, but I stayed and Some  others, I tarried at Mr. Folts,— 

Sabbath October 23:

This morning was  a Snowy Morning, and it rained all  last Night,— and I tarried at Mr.  Conrad Folts, all Day, they were  quite agreeable Family, stayed  here again this Night — 

Monday October 24:

sometime after  breakfast Brother David Fowler  and I set off to go through the Woods to  our Indians new Settlements, and  presently after we set out it began  to Rain and it rained all the way  not very hard, — and it was extreme ly bad muddy riding, and the  Creeks were very high, and Some  Places very Mirely, and we were  overtaken with Night before we  got in, and Some places were very  Dark where hemlock Trees were  our Eyes did us but little good, we traveled 
about a mile in the Dark, and  then we arrived at Davids house  as we approached the house I heard  a Melodious singing, a number were  together singing psalms hymns and  Spiritual Songs, we went in amongst  them, and they all took hold of my  Hand one by one with Joy and gladness from  the greatest to the least, and we  sat down a while, and then they  began to Sing again, and Some  Time after, I gave them a few words  of Exhortation, and then Concluded  with Prayer,— and then went to  Sleep Quietly, the [illegible]Lord be praised  for his great goodness to us — 

Tuesday October 25

Was a Snowy Day  was very uncomfortable weather I  kept still all Day at Davids house  and it was crowded all Day. Some of  Oneidas Came in — In the evening  Singers Came in again, and they  Sang 'til near ten o: c: and then  I gave them a word of Exhortation  and Conclude with prayer, So we  ended another Day — 

Wednesday October 26:

Snow is about 
is about ankle deep this morning  and all posh under the Snow and  the Land is full of water every  where, and the Brooks are very  high— it is not Clear weather  yet — in the evening we had a little  Singing again — This morning  I wrenched my Back, only putting  on my Stockings, and was put to Some  difficulty to go out all Day — 

Thursday October 27:

Cloudy but  moderate, my back Continues as  it was yesterday,— 

Friday October 28:

it was warm  and pleasant Day but Cloudy  the biggest part of the Day — in  the evening they Sung —

Friday October 29

  David intended to gather his Corn  but it looked very much like for  Rain, and So defer it to another  Day, — the Young Folks went  in the evening to Abraham:  Simons a mile off from David  Fowlers to Sing, but I did not 
go my back Continued out of  order, — 

Saturday October 29:

David gathered  his Corn he had a number of  Hands though it was Cloudy in the  morning, and little Rain, and  in the afternoon he husked his  Corn, and the huskers Sung Hymns  Psalms and Spiritual Songs the  biggest part of the Time, finished  in the evening,— and after Supper  the Singers Sung awhile, and  then dispersed — 

Sabbath October 30:

Had a meeting  in Davids house, and a Number  of Stockbridgers Came to meeting  to the distance of Six miles, they  had eleven horses and there  was a number of foot People, and  there was a Solemn assembly, the  People attended the word with  affection many of them— I Spoke  from Matthew IV. 10: in the after  Noon from XXXII: 1: in the even  ing we had Singing a long 
while and then gave them a  word of Exhortation and Conclu  ded with Prayer —  Monday Tuesday and Wednesday  nothing happened remarkable  only Rainy and Snowy weather  and I was much confined with my  wrenched Back — 

Thursday November 3: 1785

Towards  Night we attended upon the  ancient ordinance of marriage  the first that ever was celebr ated by our People in their New  Settlement in that wilderness,  The couple to be married and  the Young People, formed in a  Neighbouring house and Came to  the house of wedding in a Regu  lar procession according to their  age and were Seated according  ly — and the old People also Seat  ed themselves Regularly, and  A great Number of Stockbrid gers Came from their Town  to attend the wedding, but many  of them were too late — 
When I got up, I Spoke to  them Some Time upon the  nature of marriage, the ho nourableness and lawfulness  of it whereby we are distin guished from the Brutal Crea  tion: Said Some of the first  marriage in Eden and of the  marriage where Christ and  his disciples were invited  and the Honour he did to it  by working the first miracle.  he wrought in the World in  turning water into Wine  and then we prayed, after Prayer  I ordered them to take each other  by the Right Hand alternately  and then I declared them in the  Face of the assembly to be a Law  ful husband and wife, according  to the Law of god — and then prayed  again, and prayer being ended marriage Salutations went round Regularly — and Concluded by  Singing a Marriage Hymn, —  and then the People Sat down,—  and Jacob Fowler who was ap  pointed master of the ceremonies at this Marriage, gave out Some 
Drink around; the Company  and then Supper was brought  Set in order on a long Board,  and we sat down to eat, and  had toddy well sweetened with  wild Sugar made of Sugar Trees  in the wilderness; and after Sup  per, we Spent the Evening in  Singing Psalms Hymns and  Spiritual Songs, — and after that  every went home Peaceably  with any carousing or frolicking 

Friday November 4.

The young people  put on their best clothes and  went to a Neighbours house, all  on horseback, and they appeared  agreeable and Decent, and they  had no carousing, they had Some  pleasant Chat and agreeable Con  duct, Some Singing of Psalms Hymns  and Spiritual Songs, sometime  in the afternoon they dined toge  ther, and after Dinner every one  went Home Quietly,— So the wed ding ended, and it was Conduct  ed, carried on, and finished with  Honour and great Decency — 
and the Lord help this People  to go on Regularly in all their  Concerns — 

Sabbath November6:

Brother Jacob Fowler  and I went off early in the morning  for Stockbridge Indians that  lately Settled at old Oneida, got  there sometime before meeting  went to Sir Peter Pauquunnuppeet's  house, he is a Collegian brought  up and Educated at Dartmouth  College, and he received with all  kindness friendship,— about 11  went to meeting, and many of  our People from our new Settle  ments Came to meeting, to the dis tance of Six miles, — I Spoke to  them from Joshua 24: 22: and  Esther 7: 2: in the Evening we  had another meeting, and we  had Solemn Day and evening  the People attended with great  attention and Solemnity, after  I had done Speaking; we sat down  and the Singer rose up and they  Sung Some Time, and then dis persed, every one to his quarter, 
and sister Hannah and sister  Esther and I lodged at Widow  Quinny's where the meeting  was — 

Monday November 7:

sometime  after sunrise — I set off with  Brother Roger and his wife  to our Place; and stopped at  Roger's and I took breakfast  with them, they live [illegible][guess: near] three  miles from the rest of the People  and after eating I went on to  the Town, got there about 12  and found them all well,—  in the Evening we met on  our Temporal and Religious  Concerns, — we met once before  but we did not Come to proceed  any business — But now we pro  ceeded to form into a Body poli tic,— We Named our Town by  the Name of Brothertown, in  Indian Eeyawquittoowaucon  nuckJ: Fowler was chosen clerk for this Town Roger waupieh, David  Fowler, Elijah Wympy, John  Tuhy, and Abraham Simon 
were chosen a Committee or  trustees for the Town, for a Year  and for the future, the Committee  is to be chosen Annually, — and  Andrew Acorrocomb, and Thomas  Putchauker were chosen to be  Fence viewers to Continue a Year.  Concluded to have a center near  David Fowlers house. the main  Street is to run North and South and No[illegible][guess: th]and   East and west, to cross at the center  Concluded to live in Peace, and  in friendship and to go on in  all their Public Concerns in Harmony  both in their Religious and Tem  poral Concerns, and everyone  to bear his part of Pub  lic Charges in the Town, —  They desired me to be a Teacher  amongst them, I consented to  Spend Some of my remaining  with them, and make this Town  my Home and Center — 

Tuesday — November 8:

got up early  and set off for Stockbridge Indians  got there sometime before meet  ing, this is a Day of fasting and  Prayer, with the People here 
and they desired me to assist them  the design of this fast is to confess  their Sins before god, and to repent  and beg the Pardon of all their Sins  and desire the blessing of god up  on them, and to prosper them in  their New settlement, and also bless  them in their Religious Life —  and I preach to them, in the fore  Noon from Jonah 3: 8: in the  afternoon from Proverbs 23: 26  and it was a Solemn fast Day  many were deeply affected, all  attended like Criminals before  the bar; in the Evening they  met again, and they advised  and gave counsel to one another  to Conduct well and be Careful  in all their Conduct the ensuing  winter as they were about to  disperse, for the winter, that  they may get together in the  Spring in Love and Peace, —  and after advice, they Spent  Some Time in Singing of  Spiritual Songs, and when 
they had done, I gave them a  word of Exhortation, advising  them to use their Natural Powers  and Conduct as becomes Rational  Creatures, and break off from  all outbreakings of Sin, and  Especially to break off from that  abominable Sin of drunkeness  and give themselves to watching  and Prayer, and So Conclude  with Prayer, — and the People  dispersed in Peace — I Lodged  at Sir Peter Pauquunnuppeet's 

Wednesday November 9:

break‐ fasted with Capt. Hendrick and  Soon after Eating, I set off for  Home, got to our Place about  12 and found our Folks well—  Thursday Friday and Saturday  looked about a little to See the  land and it is the best land I ever  did See in all my travels. John  Tuhy Planted just about one  acre of ground, which he  Cleared last may, and this 
Fall he took of 20 bushels of  good Corn 56 bushels of Potatoes  about 200 Heads of cabbage, and  about 3 bushels of Beans, and  about 2 bushels of parsnips and  beets together. besides Cu  cumbers and Watermelons; of  the Same ground, and it was not  plowed nor dug up with a  Hoe, only leaves and Small  bushels were burnt on it  and great many Logs lie on it  now — and I was told last  week among the Stockbridge  Indians, that in their Clearing  Some Spots of land, where it has  been improved, in Years past, they  plowed up, and dug up good many  Potatoes; where they had been Plan  ted perhaps 10 or 12 Years ago.  one man got 3 Skipples, and  he planted them, and he has  raised a fine passel of them.  and Brother David Fowler told  me and his wife and others Con  firmed it that he had one cabbage  Stomp Stood three Summers and 
it headed every Year, the last  it Stood, it three Heads — 

Sabbath November 13:

preached at David  Fowlers and many of the Stock  bridgers Came to meeting, and  there was good attention, and  I believe Some felt the Power  of the word, in the Evening  we had Some Singing, — 

Monday November 14

was getting  ready to return homeward, — 

Tuesday November 15:

got up very  early in the morning, and we  were fitting to go off, and little  after sunrise we set off, Brother  David and his wife Daughter  and James Waucus went together  Elijah Wympy, two Daughters  and others Some Stockbridgers  there were Eight horses of a mongst us, and many foot men  and we got through the woods just  as the Sun was going down  I put up at Mr. Folt's — 

Wednesday November 16:

we set  off very early in the morning 
and I got to Esq. Wa[illegible]rets  in the Evening, and Lodged  there, and three Stockbridgers  were there also — 

Thursday 17:

I set off very  early and about 11: I got  to Capt. Roof's and there I  stopped, and finished writings  for our Folks, just Night  David Came in — and here  we Lodged — 

Friday November 18:

I went  to Bowman's Creek, and Got  there about 1: put up at  Esq. Kimball's and they  were very Glad to See me  and I was as glad, and Lodged  there, had a meeting here  this Evening, and there was  a considerable of People, and  they attended well, — 

Saturday November 19:

I left  the Family, Dr. White went 
with me about four miles  and So we parted, and I  to Esq. Manbee's about 3  o: c: and here I put up, and  was received with kindness —  here I overtook my Son Anthony Paul,— 

Sabbath November 2:

preached here  to considerable Number Peo  ple, and they attended with  with all seriousness they  were most all Dutch; Spoke  in morning From Acts 9  Lord What Wilt thou — in  the afternoon from Luke  So is he that Sayeth etc.  Elijah Wympy and his  Son, and 3 Stockbridge  girls were here also —  I Lodged here again, 

Monday November 21:

Some  in the morning it was 
about 8: I set off, and got  So far to Mr. Peter Van  Wormer, about a mile  from Mohawk River in the   Woods North Side —  This Day I Saw the Rev.  Mr. Romeyn a Dutch minister  in Caughnawaga by Mohawk  River, I met with him at a  public house, and he appeared  quite Friendly at once, he  desired me me, that if I should  Come along this way again  at any Time, to Call upon  him, and have a discourse  with his People, and I told I  would — 

 Tuesday November 22: got up

  very early, and it was  very Cold morning, and did 
not set out So early as I intend  ed, took Breakfast before  I set out, about 8: I went on  my way, through the Woods and it  was very Riding it was not froze  hard enough to bear a horse  in Muddy holes; I got to Mr. Otis's  in Galway a little after 12  and found them all well, and  put up here, and took Dinner  with them, Concluded to have a  meeting this Evening. about  Daylight in I went Mr. Dean's  to meeting and there was a con siderable of People, and I Spoke  from Joshua, 24: 19: and the  People attended with serious ness,— after meeting went back  to Mr. Otis's and Lodged there — 

Wednesday November 23:

Some after  Breakfast set off to go to a Place  Called Smith Field about 6 miles  off, Mr. Messenger went with me  and it was through a desert other  way,— got there just before 12 
went into Mr. Smith's house,  where the meeting is to be, a  bout 2: we began the meeting  and there was considerable  Number of People Collected toge ther, for they had but short Notice  and it is a New Settlement,  and the People attended with all  gravity and Solemnity, I believe  Some felt the Power of the word,  Soon after Meeting, one Mr  Coffin, a Universalist Preacher  desired to have Some conversation  with me, and we had conver sation a little while together  without much Debate, for we  disagreed altogether,— and the  People dispersed and I stayed at  the house all Night, and Mr.  Messenger went home; and Mr.  Smith and his wife and I had  very agreeable conversation  and their Son in Law his Name  was Alexander, Scotchman by  Nation, was very much 
bigoted to their version of  Psalms we had Some debate a  bout them, and upon Some o  ther Points — sat up late, and  was extremely well Treated  by the Heads of the Family and  all the Young People; Slept  very Comfortably,—

Thursday November 24

got up  quite early, stayed 'til after  breakfast, and then set off  Mr. Hughwee Alexander went  with me, and we to Galway  about 10, called at Mr. Messengers  and Dined with them, and had  agreeable conversation — Soon  after Dinner went to Mr. Otiss and  from there to meeting about  a mile, where was a Sick  woman, we Soon got there  Mr. Otis went with me and  another man, had Some con versation with the Sick woman  and found her resigned to the  will of god, and was Comfortable 
in her mind; and then we  began the worship of god, there  was but few People and they  attended with great seriousness  and Some affection — I Spoke  from Matthew 6: 10: after meeting  Mr. Cullock invited me to go  home with him to Stay all Night  and was Treated very kindly and  Tenderly, — 

Friday November 25:

got up early  and stayed 'til after breakfast  and then went back, called  at Mr. Messenger's and Dinner  with him, and afterwards  went to Mr. Otiss,— and in  the evening went to meeting  again in Mr. Deans house  and there was considerable  Number of People and there  was great Solemnity among  the People, I Spoke from  James [illegible][guess: 4]: 17: after meeting  went back to Mr. Otis's 
and Lodged there, had  a number Friends to visit  me this Evening, Some Scotch  People and we had quite  agreeable interview — 

Saturday November 26

did not preach  this Day, just at Night went to  Warran's a little distance and  was welcomed, and treated very  kindly, he is a Baptist man by  Denomination, sat up Some Time  for had Some Company, Mr. Mc Larran a Scotchman was with  us and very agreeable conversa tion, and good bedtime I went  to bed quietly once more — 

Sabbath November 27:

about half after  ten we went to meeting, a few  Rods in a Barn, and there was  a great Number of People, for  a new Settlement, and I Spoke  from I. Samuel. 15: 14 in the after  noon from John 11: 28: and there  was great and Sober attention 
through the assembly, and I believe  Some felt the presence of god —  after meeting went home with  Mr. Warran and took Dinner  with them, — and in the evening  went to Mr. William Kalley  a Scotchman, and had a meet  ing there and there was a good  number of People, and I preached  to them from John 11: 26: and  I believe we had Some assistance  both in Preaching and in  hearing — lodged at the Same  house — and was kindly en‐ tertained, — 

Monday November 28

was at  Mr. Kalleys 'til after break fast, then went to Mr. Otiss and  was there 'til about 2 in the  after, and then Mr. Otis his and  Mr. Messenger and his and went  to a wedding, and there was  a number of People, but great 
many, and I married the coup le, their Names were Mr.  Jonathan Bunyan Cotes and  Polley Doulin,— and the People  behaved exceeding well, — we  good Cake and cheese to eat and  toddy to Drink,— just before  sunset we that Came together  went back again, I called in  at Mr. Messengers, and was there  'til the Young weddeners Came  home, and then I went to Mr. Otiss  and Lodged, once more, and his  Brother Lodged there also, — 

Tuesday November 29:

Took my  leave of Mr. Otis and his Family  about 9: O'C: and I directed my  course towards Schenactady, Mr.  Messenger went with me, and  we parted before we got to the  Place, and I went on to the  Town, got there sometime  before Night; called at Mr.  Shooter's, and Sat awhile and 
then went to See Mr. Post my old  Friend, and found them all well  and was there a while, and his  Son Came in, and he invited ^ to  go home with him, and there I  Lodged, and kindly Treated, and  Slept very Comfortable,— 

Wednesday November 30:

got up early  took breakfast with Mrs. Post, Mr.  Post was gone out,— after eating  I went to See Several Friends  paid my visited the Rev. Mr.  Romeyn, the Dutch minister of  the Place, and he appeared very  Friendly, but I stayed not Long  about 10 O: C: I went over the  Ferry again to go to the 5000  Acres; Mr. Messenger went with  me again, we traveled together  about 7. miles, and there we  parted in friendship — I went  on, called at one Mr. Sharewoods  to warm my feet, and I had sat  but few minutes, before the wo‐  man, asked me whether I would 
Stay 'til She Can make Some Tea  I told her I would, and She got  it ready Quick, and I eat very  Hearty, and just as I had done  the man of the house Came in  and appeared very agreeable  and as I was going away, he  desired me to Come See him a  gain before I left the Place, and  I told him I would, then went  on to Mr. Holmss Soon got there  and found them all well, and was  kindly received by the Family, and  I put up there,— 

Thursday December 1: 1785:

Was at  Mr. Holms's 'til near Noon, and I  went to Mr Woods a little distance  and Dined there, and just  before sunset, I went to one Mr.  Rogers, and Lodged there, I found him  and his wife very understanding  in the Scriptures and I believe  they were experienced Christians  they are Irish Folks, we had 
very agreeable conversation and  sat up somewhat late, I Saw  the man was not well pleased  with Dr. Wattss Psalms and  we had a long talk upon them, we  did not agree about them, but  we did not Contend about them, after  conversation, we Sung a Psalm  and Read a Chapter, and prayed  together and then went to^ Peaceable  and I had a Comfortable Sleep — 

 Friday December 2:

Got ^ early and   took breakfast with them after  eating we Sung and Read, and  then I had Some exercise in the  Family with my Christian Cards  and it was very Solemn and  agreeable; — about 10 I took  my good leave of the Family, and  returned to Mr. Holmss, — and in  the afternoon about 1: OC: I went  to Mr. Clarkes and there was a goodly  number of People and I preached  to them from, Acts 2: 37: and 
there was great Solemnity and  Some affection I believe they felt  something of the Power of the word  after meeting a Number of the  People stayed, and in the Evening  I had exercise a long while with  Family, with my Christian Cards  and it was very agreeable  and sometime in the Evening  we went to Bed quietly, — 

Saturday December 3:

about 10 went  to Mr. Holmss and sat awhile and  I went to Mr. Sharewoods about  half mile off, and him very  kind to me, and conversable and  he is an understand Man took  Dinner with him, and was there  'til Tea was got, and took with  them, and just night returned to  Mr. Holmss again, and Lodged  there, — 

Sabbath December 4:

Mr. Holms went  to meeting with an ox sled, and  his whole Family went and 
I went with them, the meeting  was again in Mr. Clarks house[gap: worn_edge]  and there was a vast Number  of People though it was Stormy  Day, I Spoke from Isaiah 5: 3  and was uncommon attention  and Flow of Tears, from old and  Young, and I am persuaded the  Power of the was felt by many  Souls, I preached only once —  after meeting, I took Dinner  with Mr. Clark, and after eat  ing we sat and Some Religious  conversation — about sunset  we went to good old Mr. Nothrops  and there we had a meeting, and  it was very Comfortable meet  ing, and was great many people  I Spoke from Matt 5: 13. Mr.  Nothrop gave me the Text  and after the meeting was over  a Number stayed, and we had  agreeable Religious conversation  I lodged at the Same house 
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