Samson Occom, journal, 1774 December 19 to 1775 February 9


abstractOccom's journal describes his travels as an itinerant preacher during the period from December 19, 1774, to February 9, 1775.

handwritingOccom's hand is small but consistently clear and legible. As is common with Occom, there are several uncrossed t's and crossed l's; these have been corrected by the transcriber.

paperSeveral small sheets folded into a booklet and bound with thread or twine are in good-to-fair condition, with light-to-moderate staining and wear. One recto/verso is heavily damaged, which results in a significant loss of text.

inkBrown ink varies in intensity throughout.

noteworthyAlthough the missing text on one recto/verso makes it difficult to tell for certain, the "Indian Town" mentioned on one recto is likely Farmington. On four recto, it is uncertain to where Occom refers when he mentions the "Indian Place." Illegible person and place names have not been tagged. An editor, likely 19th-century, has overwritten several letters, words and phrases, as well as punctuation. These edits have not been transcribed.

Modernized Version Deletions removed; additions added in; modern spelling and capitalization added; unfamiliar abbreviations expanded.

[gap: tear]  [gap: tear] River  [gap: tear]Some Time: I reached  [gap: tear] [illegible]  [gap: tear] kept Sabbath at this  [gap: faded] Preached at m[gap: faded]  [gap: faded] to a tronged A[gap: faded]  [gap: faded] very [gap: faded][guess: pleasant] Day

Monday December 19:

left the place  about 10 [gap: faded] and [illegible] my way, and  it was a Dreadful Storm of  Rain and [illegible] in it all  [gap: faded] Farmingtown got  [gap: faded] before Sun Set  [gap: faded] very wet Lodged at E[gap: faded]h[gap: faded]

December 20

[gap: faded] at the Place  [gap: faded]  [gap: tear] 
hig[gap: tear]od [gap: tear]  a g[gap: tear]

Wednesday December 21:

[gap: tear]  Indian Town about [gap: tear] the  morning, and it w[gap: tear] Cold;  towards Night stopped a[gap: tear][guess: t] one Mr.  Wiard's and the People were urgent  to have me Stay 'til next Day and  give them a Discourse and I complied; that Night it snowed very  hard, all Night— —

Thursday December 22

it snowed  Still Yet a great Number of People  Came together at the appointed Time  after meeting went home with one  Mr. West. Seven Day Baptist Preacher.  a godly man I believe a very  meek and humble man and  well reported by his Neighbours,  his wife is a Moravian woman  by Profession a Pious woman by  [gap: tear] with 
them, this Night

Friday December 23

was with  Mr. West all Day Lodged with  them again —

Saturday December 24:

as this is  their Sabbath So the People got  together for meeting at their Usu al Hour and I preached to them  as Soon as I had done Mr. green  preached, a Short Discourse, and  after meeting, I went back to Mr.  Wiards and lodged there—

Sabbath December 25:

People got  together about 11: a great number  and I preached to them twice in  the evening went to Mr. Mechams  my good old Friend, he Came from  Westerly and lodged there I was  very Poorly this Night I was Trou bled with a disorder in my Bow els very much — —

Monday December 26:

was very Com fortable this morning my disorder  was gone, about 10 went to Herington  Meeting House called on  
from there went to Mr. Woodroff[illegible][guess: 's],  and there put up my horse   and went to meeting Preached to  a large assembly, and the People  attended with great Solemnity —  in the evening went to See Mr.  Batholomew the old minister of the  Place he has laid down Preaching  by reason of Infirmities, he Seem ed to be a good sort of a man— lodged  with Mr. Woodroff

Tuesday December 27

after Breakfast went  on my Journey, stopped at Litchfield a  few minutes just to eat at a Tavern  and then set off again, and directed  my course towards New Milford; reached  the Place just before night. called on  one Mr. Baldwin and Tarried there  all night, and appointed a meeting  10 o'clock for the next Day, this Night  we had a Terrible Storm of Snow —

Wednesday December 28:

Storm Conti nued very Hard Yet we went to meet ing and there was a Considerable Num ber of People, went to Mr. Taylors the  minister of the Place and was very 
kindly and tenderly entertained —

Thursday December:

went with  Mr. Taylor to attend upon a Lecture  which Mr. Taylor had appointed Some  Days before about 7 miles South from  the Town, I preached, and there  was a Number of People got toge‐ ther, considering the Deep Snow; after  Service, the people were very urgen[gap: faded][guess: t]  to have another meeting in the even ing, and I consented, and So preached  again; and we had very Solemn  meeting, the people in general  were greatly affected — after meet  [illegible][guess: ing] went home with one Mr. Hitchcock  and lodged there, I believe the man  and his wife were true Christians,  sat up 'til late and then went to  Bed quietly Mr. Taylor went home  this evening and I desired him to Send  word to New Preston, that I would  be there on the next Day and give  them a Short discourse towards  evening,

Friday December 29:

after Breakfast  returned to New Milford got about 12  and found Mr. Tayl[illegible][guess: a]r had not Sent  word to New Preston, and I passed by  as Soon as could, one Deacon Hoge kins accompanied me, and we got  there a little before sunset, and  they gave notice to the People, and  begun our Meeting in the evening  and there was a great Number of  People, and they attended well,  as Soon as the meeting was done we  went back again to New Milford  This Night Lodged with one Mr.  Camble a Separate Minister and  a very man I believe, — — —

Saturday December 31

had a meeting  at one Deacon Baldwins, among  the Separates, had a Comfortable  meeting, after meeting went into  Town, lodged at Mr Taylor, —

Sabbath January 31

Preach at the  Place all Day to amazing Num ber of People —
lodged at Mr. Hinds whose wife  is a very good woman, was very  kindly entertained, this evening  two young women Came to me  under great Concern of Soul and  I gave them a word of advice  and counsel

Monday January 2

left New Milford  early in the morning and went  on to New fairfield got there about  10 o'clock Call in at Mr. Sills the  Minister of the Place a few minutes  and then went to meeting, preached  to a large Number of People, after  meeting went to Mr. Sills and dined  and Soon after Dinner left the  Place and went on towards  Kint Mr. Sill went with me, went  through Peſ[illegible]tokook, stopped a few  Minutes at the Indian Place  but there was no Indians at home  scarcely, and So we passed on, got  to Mr. Bodwell about 7 in the evening  and they Sent word all round that  Night to have a meeting next 
Day about 10 in the morning

Tuesday January 3:

went to meeting  about 10 and had a great  Number of People to Preach to  and the People attended with  great Solemnity and affecti on, after meeting went to Mr.  Bodwells and dined there, and  Soon after Dinner went on my  towards 9 Partners and got to  Esq. Hopkinss about 7 in the  evening and lodged there —

Wednesday Jan.r 4:

preached  at the red meeting House, —

Thursday January 5:

preached  at a private House, in the  Place — —

Friday January 6:

went to Mr.  Knibloes in Esq. Hopkinss  sleigh, got there before noon  about 1 went to meeting 
and it was extreme Cold, I  delivered a Short discourse,  after meeting went to Mr.  Plat's and dined there, and  than went on our way Home  to Esq. Hopkins, got there  just after sunset — — —

Saturday January 7:

was at  Esq. Hopkins all Day —

Sabbath January 8:

preached here  all Day, just at night left  the Place and went over  the Mountain to Mr. Wood's  meeting House, and preached  there, and it was extreme  Cold, went home with Mr.  Fowler in his sleigh and  lodged there — — — —

Monday January 9:

left Mr. Fowlers early  in the morning and went on towards  Pleasant Valley, Got to Mr. Case's before  Night, Mr. Case was not at Home 
in the evening he Came Home  and we had a Joyful meeting he  and his Family were very well,  and his People lodged there —

Tuesday January 10:

towards evening  went to the Hollow and Mr. Case went  with me I preached at the House of one  Mr. Struit, a Young Dutchman who  is under great Conviction of Soul  we had a great Number of People and  very Solemn meeting we had, — —

Wednesday January 11:

we went 8: or 9  miles northwestward to one Mr. Samuel  Smiths and preached there in the evening  to a Crowd of People, and they attended  exceeding well — lodged in the Same  house one Mr. ward brought hither  in his sleigh from Mr. Case's —

Thursday January 12:

went off very  early in the Morning towards States bourough got there about 10 in the  morning put up at Mr. Struits young  Mr. Struit brought us here, Mr. Ham  Came with us in the afternoon about  1 began a meeting, there was not a great  Number of People at this time they 
Came by mistake the meeting  was appointed at evening, —  in the evening a great Number  Came together, and I gave them  another discourse, the People here  are Chiefly Dutch, and I found  Some excellent Christians amongst  lodged at Mr. Struits

Friday January 13:

Set off very  early in the morning towards  Pleasant Valley, for we had  appointed meeting there at 1  o'clock this Day, got there just a bout meeting Time, and there  was a great Number of People  I preached, — after meeting I  went with one Mr. Newcom a Bap tist Brother, a man of great Riches  was very kindly entertained, lodged  here, with much satisfaction —

Saturday January 14:

this morning  I made use of my Printed Notes or  Christian Cards — about 
11 I walked Down to Mr. Case's  Mr. Newcom went with me,  Spent the rest of the Day  with Mr. Case, he is quite a  Clever Sort of a man —

Sabbath: January 15:

preached at  the place again to a vast  Crowd of People, and we had  a very Solemn meeting many  were brought to Floods of Tears  [illegible] it was  a Sacrament with the People  and I Join the People it was  a Comfortable Season, — as Soon  as the service was over we  went to a Place called Oswego  about 6 miles off, got there  in the dusk of the evening  found a prodigious Number  of People, preached to them,  Mr. Case made the last Prayer  I lodged with one Mr. Plat

: Monday January 16:

went to a nother part of Oswego about  7 miles off, to a Baptist meet ing House, meeting began about  1 in the afternoon, and there  was a great multitude of  People of all Sorts and Deno minations, the greater part  of the People could not get in  to the House, and we had a  Solemn meeting — as Soon as  the meeting was done we went to wards Poughkeepsie, and had a  meeting in the evening at one  Capt. Hagmans and had a pro digious great Number of People  and the People attended with much  affection —

Tuesday January 17:

early  in the morning went on to Pough keepsie and stopped a Little while at  a public House, and So passed by 
and went on towards the Ferry  about four miles Down the River  Mr. Case and Mr. Ward went with  me about a mile out the Town  and there took leave of each  other in friendship — and I went  to the Ferry, there met with   major Durgee of Norwich in  his return Home from Susquehan na, got over before sunset and  went Down to Mr. Debois's and  lodged there Found them all  well except his wife, they were  very glad to See me, and received  with all kindness — —

Wednesday January 18:

after break fast went Down to New Windsor called  on Mr. Luml Co[illegible]ling and also one  Mr. Clark my old friends and ac quaintances they were extremely  glad to See me and stopped no more  'til I got Butter Hill where one 
Mr. Joseph Wood Lives he is an old  disciple indeed, we had a joy‐ ful meeting, we had not Seen each  other in Ten Years I felt as if  I was in my Fathers house Sat  up 'til good bed Time and then  took our repose for the Night

Thursday January 19:

was at Mr.  Woods 'til towards Night, then  went to meeting at Mr. Clarks  there were So many People they  could not all get in, and we  had a Comfortable meeting  after meeting returned Home  with Mr. Wood again and sat  up Some Time after we got Home

Friday January 20:

was at  Mr. Woods again 'til toward Night  again and went to New Windsor  for Meeting had a meeting in  one of Elders House, returned  home again with Mr. Woods —

Saturday January 21:

left Mr. woods  early in the Morning and on  towards Malborough. stopped at  New Windsor Breakfasted with  Mr. Close, after breakfast went  on my way got to Malborough  before Night stopped at Mr. Clarks  Mr. Case the general Postmas‐ ter Brought me here in his  sleigh from Newburgh he  is one of my good old Friends  here I went  home, and lodged with him —

Sabbath January 22:

about 10  went to the meeting House and  a Multitude of People Came to  meeting, and we had a Solemn  meeting in the evening went  to Mr. Deboiss House and had  a meeting there and a great  Number of People were toge‐ ther again I Baptized two 
Children we had the power  of god with us many were  brought to floods of Tears —  I lodged here,

Monday January 23:

in the morning  went back again to Newburgh  and preached there in the Church  of England to a great Number of  People as Soon as the meeting was  over I went up to Malborough and  preached in the School House to  a Crowded People and they atten ded with affection — after meeting  —went back to Mr. Clarks and  lodged there — —

Tuesday January 24:

went away  early in the morning Mr. Clark  went with me. and Mr. Dayton  also went to wards Wall Hill got  to Mr. Tolton's about 11 where  we were to have a meeting, a bout 12 [illegible] we begun Meeting and  there was a Multitude of People  I had Some freedom in Speaking 
this Night Mr. with Mr. Tolton

Wednesday January 25:

Held  a meeting not far from Mr.  Tolton's in a Dutch mans house  a great number of People  came together again — —  in the evening had another  meeting not far the Place  where had a meeting in the  Day and I believe the Lord  was with us of a Truth there  was great Trembling in the  Congregation This night  lodged with one Mr. Norton  had a long Conversation with  them, they were Baptists

Thursday January 26:

in the  morning went away to another  place, about 6 miles off,   where we had appointed a  meeting at a Dutch mans  house, we got there about 11 
about 12 went to meeting in  a Barn, the people crowded  like Bees and we had a solemn  meeting, after meeting I went  with a gentleman 2 or 3 miles  northward, in the evening a number  of Neighbours Came in to  meeting though we did not men‐ tion any meeting, and I gave  a word of Exhortation  lodged here — —

Friday January 27:

Set off in  the morning and to Blooming  grove, about 20 miles off got  there about 5 in the after  Noon was kindly entertained  by one Mr. Brewster lodged  there — —

Saturday January 28:

was at  Mr. Brewsters all Day in  the evening one Hoseah Came  to See me he is a mulatto man 
reckoned a Christian man  we had Some Conversation  together in Prodigious mat ters — —

Sabbath: January 29:

preached at the  Place to a vast crowd of People  and I had but little sense of  Divine things, however,  the People attended with great  attention — — towards Night went  Oxford about 4 miles off there  we had an evening meeting to  a crowded Audience and I had  Some sense of Divine things and  the People were much affected  I believe Lord was with us of  Truth,— lodged at Deacon Little's

Monday January 30:

in the morning  quite early I set off for Smiths  Clove Deacon Little accompanied  me, got the there about 10 a 
bout 12 we began Divine Service  and there was a great multi tude of People, and I had much free dom in Mind and Speech and many  People were melted into floods of  Tears, as Soon as the Meeting was  done I went Down to Murderers  Creek got there before night  went to Mr. Woods found them all  well, in the evening went meet  ing towards the Creek, and had  Some what Solemn meeting, af ter meeting went to the Creek  and lodged there with one [illegible][guess: Mr. –]

Tuesday January 31:

went off early in the morning  in order to get over the River,  stopped a little while with Mr. Close  at New Windsor there was no  passing there, and So I went to  Newburgh, Breakfasted at  Mr. [gap: omitted] and then went  to the ferry, about 11 went over 
to Fishkills Side, and went on  to the Center of the Place, got to  the Presbyterians Meeting House  about 3 in the afternoon, the  People stopped me to have a meeting  on the next Day, and I went  to one [gap: omitted] and lodged  there, and was very kindly  treated and entertained, —

Wednesday: February 1: 1775

about 11 o'clock went to meeting  and there was a great multi tude of People, and had a Solemn  meeting, As Soon as the meeting  was over, I went on towards the  mountains, lodged with one Mr.  Judge — and was very kind ly entertained and he said, that  ever I should Come there again I  should make his house my Home

Thursday: February 2:

went off very  early in the morning, to a Place 
called the Mills, there I had a meet ing, begun about 12: preached  in a Barn to a vast great concourse  of People, and the Power of God  was manifest amongst us, there  was great trembling among the  People after meeting went with  one Mr. Lawrence a Baptist Minis ter he lives in the mountains, and  I lodged at his house, —

Friday: February 3:

about 12 went  to meeting, preached to Amazing Num ber of People in the woods, and we had  very good meeting the Spirit of god  moved upon the people, after meet ing went Home with Mr Lawrence, in  the Evening Mr. Lawrence and I went  to Capt. Champlens, and we had long  and Friendly conversation together  in Religious Matters, lodged here this  Night, and was extremely well used  and entertain —

Saturday Morning February 4:

left the Place and went over  to Dover Mr. Miller went with  me we got to Mr. Waldos about  10: he is a Baptist Minister of  the Place, and he received me  with Brotherly kindness and Love  lodged here —

Sabbath February 5

about 10 went  to meeting, and there was great  Number of People Got toge‐ ther, and I preached with  much freedom the People were  affected many of them, after  meeting, went Down to New  Fairfield, got to Mr. Sills be‐ fore Night, the meeting was  appointed at his house, and  the People Came in So thick  there was not half Room enough for 
them, and just as we were  about to begin Divine Service  a messenger Came from the  meeting House which is a mile  off and Said there was great  Number of People got together  there, and we were obliged to  remove to the meeting House and when  we got there we found a great  Number of People, the meeting  House was crowded, and the  Lord gave me freedom in  Speaking, after meeting  went back with Mr. Sill and  Lodged there —

Monday: February 6:

in the morn-  ing went Down to a Town House  of Fairfield and there preached  began about 12 and there was  a great Number of People got  together and we had a Comfortable 
meeting, as Soon as the meeting  was over I went towards New  Milford, got there towards Night  stopped at Mr. Hindss: and  there were very urgent to have  me Stay and have a meeting  they Pled So hard it was very  hard for me to pass by the them,  there was one Young Convert  in particular entreated with  Tears in her Eyes to have me  Stay they pulled very hard  upon my very Heart Strings  and it Hard work to get  away from them, however  I did get away, and went  on towards New Preston, got  there Some Time in the evening  put up at Mr. Coggswells a  tavern and he gave me my  Entertainment —

Tuesday February 7:

set off very  early in the morning, and  reached to Farmington Some  Time in the Evening, put  up at Elijah Wympy's  found them all well — —

Wednesday February 8,

went  off very early in the morning  and Got So far as Mr.  Cornwells East Side of   Connecticut River about  10 miles, I intended to have  gone further, but the Land  Lord Cornwell urged to have  me Stay, and I consented  at last, and presently it  was noised about I was  there, and they had a Notion  of having a meeting, and  at last I consented, this 
was about half an hour  after sunset, and in about  more the House was crowded  with People. and I preached  and I had Some Freedom—  and after meeting went  to rest quietly, —

Thursday February 9:

took  leave of them very early  in the morning, and on  my way, made but little  Stops by the way, arrived  to my house just before  Night, and found all my  family in good State of  Health, — Blessed be the  Lord god of Heaven and Earth  for his goodness to me and  to my Family, that he has  carried me out and brought